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The Sunday telegram. [volume] (Clarksburg, W. Va.) 1914-1927, May 09, 1915, Image 1

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By President Wilson, Following
the Great Human Tragedy
Of the Situation Are Felt by
Him and He Desires to Do
the Ri^ht Thing.
(?V Aft&OCIATCO rasu>
^ ASHIXGTON". May 8.?President
Wilson, upon whom the eyes of the
?world are focused at the present mo
ment, studied In quiet seclusion today
? the aspects of law and fact In con
nectln with the sinking by a Ger
man torpeeo of the British liner.
Lnsltania. wit a consequent loss of
many American lives. " " i
The great human tragedy coupled
with the responsibilities of the hour
caused til? president to deny himself
to all callers, even To members of
his official family, while he turned
over in his mind the course to be
pursued by the United States gov
ernment in one of the most serious
crises in its history.
One Glimpse- of His Mind.
The only glimpse of the working
of the president's mind was given
when the White House tonighr Is- j
sued its first formal comment on the
disaster. The announcement was
made that the president realised the
country expected him to deal with
the situation "with deliberation as
well as firmness.
The statement follows:
"After a conference with the pres- (
ident at the White House this.even
ins. Secretary Tumulty said:
?' 'Of course the president feels the!
distress at the gravity of the sit-'
uatlon to the utmost and is consid-i
?ring very earnesly. but very calm-1
ly the right course of action to pur-.
sue. He knows that the people of
the country wish and expect him to'
act with deliberation as well as with '
firmness." "
Official HoU Lacking.
The official data upon which form
al action will be baaed, has not ar
rived. The president did not, there
fore communicate with Secretary
Bryan, or the officials of the state
department, nor did he consult mem
bers of the cabinet or Congress. He
has been giving such close personal
attention in the last, few weeks to
the particular questions involved that
he was thc\ght to be determined first
to sift for himself the various ques
tions and shape a policy to be sub
mitted to the cabinet probably on
Atonday or Tuesday.
In the meantime public opinion was
expected to crystalline and help
point the way Members of the cab
inet cancelled other engagements and
held theV.selivs in readiness for the
president's call. At the state depart
ment. when Secretary- Brjan was
asked if there was any advice to com
municate to the American people at
this time he replied that be did not
think that this was needed for the
country understood the situation
"This is no time to "rock the
boat.' " he said.
Xo tians Carried.
It was the same sentiment which
Chairman Stone, of the Senate for-'
eign relations committee had ex
pressed earlier In the day The sin
single phrase expressed a desire of,
the Washington administration thar
prejudices and passions be not thrust
Into the unstable wquilibrum while
the government endeavored to learn
all the details.
One important fact was definitely
ascertained by the Washington gov
ernment from the port authorities of i
New York, who gave clearance to th*
Lusitania?that it carried no guns,
either mounted or unmounted, in ac
cordance with the caution of the.
state department and the British gov- j
ernment early in the war. This dis- i
posed in ttu minds o officials of the ;
claim that the German submarine i
had a right to attack the Lusitania j
because it was an auxiliary or con-'
verted cruiser. The officials of the
Cunard liner are understood to have,
stated that the Lusitania was not
These facts in the opinion of law
officers of the American government,
left the German submarine
No Excuso Under Uw
or reason for an attack without warn
ing on a ship with hundreds of non
combatants aboard including neutral
men. women and children. The po
sition or the United States has been
that the presence of contraband?
even arms and ammunition?accord
ing to the rule of international law.
Including the Declaration of London,
which generally has upheld cannot
warrant the sinking of a merchant
man witboif: the previous exercise
of the right of visit and search and
the removal of non-combatants, to)
a place of safety. The government
stated that this in in its last note
to Germany and at. the same time
Issued a warning that the imperial
German government would be held
"to a strict accountability," by the
United States for any loss of Amer
ican vessels or lives.
The decision which the president;
and his advisers must reach, it was,
admitted in all quarters
Is a Momentous One.
Those officials conversant wiih the
legal aspects of the case pointed out
that the United States faced a grave
and serious problem of lasting im
portance in history as all the world?
neutrals and belligerents" alike?'
would wait, with acute expectancy of j
the course which t^e United States
would pursue to preserve the rules
(Continued on page 2, first section ) j
Mrs. Florence Carman
Declared. Not Guilty
Of the Bailey Murder
Jury Agrees on the First Bal
lot, After Considering Evi
dence Little over Hour.
'?* MMCiATfO PKIf'
MINEOLA, X. Y., May $?A ver
dict of acquittal was returned after
a short deliberation late today by
the jury trying Mrs. Florence C.
Carman on the charge of murdering
Mrs. Louise _ Bailey at. Freeport on
the night of "June 30 last.
The jury was .agreed on the first
"ballot and the verdict was returned
at 5:32 o'clock, one hour and twelve
minutes after the jury had retired.
Mrs. Carman, who had been depress
ed and apparently extremely anxious
all day brightened as Justic Black
mar delivered his charge and
beamed with happiness when the ver
dict was announced. She L-hook
hands with all the jurors and left aT
ter a few minutes with her husband
for their home in Freeport.
In his charge to the jury Justice
Blackinar said that ihc state's case
centered on the testimony of Celia
Coleman, a negro raaid. in the Car
man household, who testified that
Mrs. Carman had darted into the
kotchen the night of the murder with
a revolver in her band and announced
"I killed him." The Coieman woman
also testified that Mrs. Carman had
come to her room early the next
morning and expressed repentance
for having "killed that poor woman.'* I
In his charge Justice Blackmar
"It has been obviously shown that!
Cell*. Coleman was careless of th?
truth but that is not .conclusive. It
is for you to decide after considering
all the circumstances whether the
primary question in this case isi
whether you believe Ceeila Cole-'
man." j
Joatice Btickmxr.
? J 00,000 PKISOVERS *
+ *
? VIENNA. May 8. by way of +
? London. May 9.?2:20 a. m +
? ?A communication issued by ?
+ the field press headquarters ?
+ says that probably 100.000 ?
+ prisoners have bee% taken in ?
? the first phase of the Gallcta ?
? battle. 70.000 already have +
? been brought In. +
--- . _
Victim of the Lusitania Disaster
One of America's Most Suc
cessful Theatrical Men.
?Vhivv YOStK. May 8.?Charles Froh
man. a victim of the Lusitania. was1
one of the most successful New York
theatrical manages, aud at the -nan)'?1
time one of the least known publicly, i
Mr. Frohman was ftorn in Sandusky. :
O.. June 17. 1660. His brother, Daniel j
who is seven years older, when private j
secretary to Hoace Greely. publisher j
of the New York Tribune, sent for'
Charles .Frohman.
Charles when he was a lad of twelve
and ?ave him a place as niglu clerk
in the Tribune office. That was his
soart in the business world.
?Mr. Frohman's first real bid for for-J
tune was in November. 1SSS, when he
obtained the American rights to Bron
son Howard's "Shenandoah " He mado
?o-j.OOO from this. In recent years
Mr. FVohman's activities had centered
around his Empire theater here Since
lSf>7 he had many productions in Lon
+ LONDON. Mar S.?6:20 p. +
? rc ?"I think the Lousltania <?
? has been torpedoed deliber- ?
+ ately for the purpose of mak- +
? iag th*- T'nited States declare ?
+ war," said Lloyd Charles ?
? Breresford today. "X told the ?
+ whole present situation in +
? February and gave my rea- ?
? sons for thinking Germany *
? mean' to America Into +
? the war." +
British Destroyer, Maori, is
Blown Up by a German
Are Also Sent to the Bottom of
Sea by Submarines, But the
Crews Are Saved.
J.ONOO-V, May 8, 8 p. m.?The
British admiralty announced tonight
that the destToyfr. Mavri, bad been
blown up by a mine.
The Maori war. 28U feet Ions; and
of 1 ,?>:{."> tons displacement- It wxs
buiit in 190U and ib. complement
wan sevfnly-one men. It was armed
with two four-inch gun* and two
torpedo tubrs.
?n* *MOC'?'CO
LOXUO.V, May 8 7:07 p m.?Tbe
British steamer. IK)n, of Goole. has
been torpedoed by a tierman sub
marine olT Coquet island near the
.Vcrthumlw land coast. The crew
was rescued.
, LOSDOS, May *, 7:35 p. m.?A
dispatch t4> -the Kxchange Telegraph
Company from 11:11 says the Wilson
Im^^tcjjner,, Tnirdi was sunk this
afternoon by the German submarine.
r-38, off Day island. Xo lives were
lost. The crew of the steamer was
landed at Itosyth citstle, Scotland.
The Truro was a small vessel of
STtons. It was 22Ti feet long and
was built xt Dundee in 1898.
:av associated rncs&i
BERLIN, by way of London. May
S. 9.48 p. in..?An official communi
cation by the German war office con
cerning tbe sinking of the British
destroyer. Maori, says:
"The British destroyer. Maori, was
sunk off Zeebrugge. The de
stroyer. Cru?ader. which had come to
its support was forccd to retreat and
leave in the lurch life boats, whicn
it had launched
"The entire crew of the Maori and
the boats' crews of the Crusader,
were saved by our own vessels and
taken into Zeebrugge. In all there
were seven officers and eighty-eight
"In the advance of our troops
against Libau. our Baltic sea fortress
supported the attack by a bombard
ment from the sea."
LONDON. Hay 8.?(Hostilities by
land and by sea are proceeding vigor
ously Land battles are in progress at
< Continued on page 2. first section)
Full List of the Survivors, Wtio
Include Few First Class
Passengers Available.
Over the Terrible Catastrophe
as Never Before Since the
War Was Begun.
The l?(Mt estimates of the lives
lost the result of the torpedoing
of the Canard liner, Lusitania, by a
! German submarine off the Irish coast
Friday Is 1,19$. It is believed that
almost all if not all the survivors have
been brought ashore and there is little
hope of recovering any other passen
gers alive.
Of the dead many are women. The
stories from Queenstown describe the
bringing in of the bodies of a great
number of women, many of them still
: unidentified.
When the Lusitania left Xew York
May 1. it had on board 1-5*01 souls:
1,2*1 passengers and 85? crew. The
I passengers were made up of 291 in
the first cabin. *>99 in the second and
861 in the steerage. The list of sur
; vivors show so tar that about ninety
1 first class and seventy-Are second
class passengers were saved. The
first cabin passengers were at lunch
i when the unheralded German attack
sent the Hner to the bottom. It is
noticeable that comparatively few first
class panssengers were saved.
Among the well known Americans
whose bodies have not been recovered
and who consequently are believed to
have perished are Alfred Vanderbllt.
Charles Klein, the playwright, Justus
If. Forman and Elbert Hubbard and
his wife.
The body of Charles Frohman. of
>ew York, the theatrical producer,
already bas been recovered and
brought ashore at Qoeenstoirn.
It is estimated that there were
about 190 Americans on hoard the
Canard liner. Ro far as could be
ascertained at this time tower than
seventy Atueicans were cared. Con
sequently the death-list of Americans
Is about 170.
l/OVDOX, May 9.?1:25 a.
m.?A despatch to tio Illustrated
' Hrald from KJshgrraard a Great
|W?itern steamer arrived In Fisbgoard
I from Ireland SaturCaj afternoon with
lOO bodies of victims of the Lusitania.
fmr AtsociATKD ^*css>
I LONDON, May 9. 12:15 a. m.?
Of those -who left Npw York a week
ago on the T.u?itanla less than 700
| survived after that vessel was tor
i pedoed and sunk by a German sub-;
: marine off Kinsale island Friday
A full list of the survivors who in
clude a very few of the first class
passengers is not yet available, but
probably, thure are not many names
i to add to those which already have
been made public. All the evidence
' aoes to show that the first class
and many of the second class passen
gers had such confidence of the abil
ity of the Lusitania because of Its
water tight compartments to remain
afloat after it received the first blow
! rhat they did not concern themselves
about taking to the boats or even
providing themselves with life pre
Hope Even to' the End.
When the passengers did realize
the Lusitania was doomed. thi*v
thought that, most of the boats on
the port side were so jammed be
: cause of the great list of the vessel
that they could not be lowered, and
the last seen of them by the more
fortunate passengers who had se
cured places in the starboard boats
or whe had jumped overboard and
had been picked up they were lying
on the sloping decks awaiting their
fate doubtless even then believing
that with land so close they would
still be saved.
However, the torpedoes had torn
'such gaping holes in the liner that
it did not remain afloat for more than
twenty minutes and the call for help
! which the wirelss sent out although
' answered quickly could not bring
,the rescuing steamers to the spot in
time to be of any serrice.
There is a good.deal of difference
of opinion as to how many torpedoes
struck the ship and as to whether an
explosion of its boilers followed. In
fact, after the first torpedo hit the
Lusitania forward, the crew was
busy getting to the stations and aid
j ing the^ passengers who escaped in
'gathering to the boats and providing
themselves- with life belts. In ship
ping circles and among those saved
the impression prevails that more
than one German submarine at
tacked the Lusitania and that two
or three torpedoes found their mark.
This view is held at the Cunard
offices at Liverpool but the officers of
the ship will make- no statement un
til the inquest or any admiralty in
quiry brings cut their evidence.
Heart Rending Scenes.
The scenes at Queenstown where
the survivors were landed and where
there are many bodies of those who
were killed or died of exposure were
heart rending. Many women sepa>
rated from their husbands had beea
searching the hotels hoping to find
them alive or failing in this they
had been looking for them in hastiily
improvised morgues. Others went
on to Cork while still others left
yesterday afternoon for London,
where they will arrive Sunday morn
At the London and Liverpool of
( Continued on page 2. first section)
Neu? Spring Hill School
Building Will Be Modern
Fine New Day and Boarding
School at an Ideal Spot in
the County Soon.
Twenty-Five Boarding and
about Forty Day Pupils
Will Be Pfbvided For.
This month Miss Kennedy's school
will complete its fifth year aa a day
school in Clarksburg, and will send
oct its first graduates in the full col
lege preparatory oonrse.
To provide room for necessary ad
ditions to equipment an<t to make the
school available for pupils from a
distance, plans have been made for
a building on the beautiful site pur
chased a year ago The property In
cludes about ten acres along the West
Fork river, adjoining the Country
club grounds. There Is ample
Space for Tennis Courts
and an athletic field. Both boating
and bathing -will be possible.
The building ?will be of holler** tile
and stucco wth a wide porch on the
south side, overlooking the river. The
north wing will contain class rooms,
laboratories and musio rooms: the
main building the library, parlor, din
ing room, gymnasium and sleeping
rooms. Every effort will be made to
provide comfortable and tasteful fur
nishings. and the best equipment
available for such a school.
The upper school, which will cover
Ave years, will offer a
College Preparatory Coarse,
including a limited amount of domes
tic science and manual train-ing For
students who do not expect to go to
college, there will be provided a gen
eral course requiring the same
amount of work but allowing greater
freedom in. choice of subjects. In the
lower school, which will cover sis
rears, there will be in addition to the
uglial work, conversational French,
nature study, manual training and do
mestic science.
The session of the upper school will
run from nine to live o'clock: In the
lower from nine to three or four, ac
cording to the grade. There will be
recitation and study periods la the
morning, hot luncheon in the middle
of the day, and outdoor sport* tinder
a trained director before afternoon
study and laboratory periods. By this
plan, all bat advanced students should
be able to prepare all lessons in
school hours. The evening hoars of
boarding students will be given to
gymnasium, chorus work, travel club,
Informal Gatherings
for music ?and readings.
Girls over twelve years ot age will
be admitted as boarding pupils; girls
as day pupils and boys under four
teen years old. The school will- pro
vide a faculty sufficient to assure
small classes and attention to the in
dividual. There will be at least one
teacher of Instrumental music and one
of vocal, a teacher of chemistry sad
domestic science, a director for gym
nasium and outdoor sports.
The proposed building provides for
twenty-five boarding and about fbrty
day pupils. A considerable number
has already been enrolled, and the in
dications -.re that thece will be as
many as the school can accommodate.
Awfulness of the Catastrophe
and Gravity of Signicance
Sobers Metropolis.
When News Comes of the Fate
of Prominent Citizens and
Doubt as to Others.
NEW YORK. May 8.?With some
of its beet known citizens among th?
passengers on the Lusltania. whos*
fate had not been accounted for and
: with a growing realization of the
! awfulness of the catastrophe and the
j gravity of its international signifl
! eance, New York today was a sober
Awakening this morning to find
that the hopes of the night before
that the Lusitania's passengers had
been saved were premature and that
j the loss of life might reach two
' thirds of those aboard, the whole
j city seemed stunned. A spirit of de
j pression was in evidence among peo
: pie In all public places.
Throng of Anxious Inquirers.
I The publication of the news of ser
! ious loss of life brought a throng of
; anxious inquirers to the offices of the
| Cunard line early in the forenoon
; Before midday the crowd had swell
? ed to nearly 200. but dwindled dur
; ing the afternoon to about twenty
| five.
The Cunard line received and post
I ed before 10 a. m.. an incomplete list
: of survivors which was anxiously
I scanned by friends and relatives.
[ There were several touching scenes
J when women, the names of whose
; loved ones were among the missing,
! gave way to their emotions.
Hope Still Lingers.
To the list of survivors received
! from abroad several names were
! added here by friends of passengers
j who had received private cablegrams
j from the passengers themselves say
! ing they were safe. Knowing that
j the list was still incomplete, hope
j still lingered with many, however.
Gloom spread over the theatrical
district, when it became known that
the body of Charles Krohman. the
theatrical producer, had been picked
up among the dead and that Charles
Klein, another theatrical producer.
J was among the missing. There was
; similar depression among friends of
; Alfred G wynne Vanderbilt. Elbert
Hubbard. Justus Miles Kferman and
others from whom no word had been
Bankers Come to Rescue
The financial district gave evi
, dence of having recovered its poise
; lost yesterday when the first news
i of the catastrophe precipitated a
1 violent decline in stocks. Leading
I banker?, it was said, had entered the,
! market with supporting orders.
| In shipping circles there was much
more concern for the ship now in or
i now approaching the German wax
; zone and many unfounded rumors
i wet-e in circulation of other ships
; having been torpedoed. Maratime
? records show that eighty-eight ships
are now passing through or due to
arrive in the ztne of which thirteen
are pascsnger ships. One of these Is
(Continued on page 2, 1st section->
Or Rather Say.They Must Bear
All Responsibility for What
BERLIN, by wireless to London.
May 9, 2:45 p. m.?The following
official communication was issued to.
The Cunard liner. Lueitania.. was
yesterday torpedoed by a German
submarine and sank.
"The Lusitanla was naturally
armed with guns as were recently
most of the English mercantile
steamers. Moreover, as is well
known here, it had large quantities
of war material in its cargo. Its
owners, therefore, knew to what dan
ger to which its passengers were ex
posed. They alone bear .all respon
sibility for what has happened.
"Germany on its part left nothing
undone to repeatedly and strongly
warn them. The imperial ambassa
dor at Washington even went so far
as to make a public warning so as to
draw attention to this danger. The
English press sneered then at the
warning and relied on the protec
tion of the British fleet to safeguard
Atlantic traffic."*
Of the Austrian and German
Troops with the Russian
Columns,? Continues.
car associates ntnc
VIENNA, by way of London. May
8. 10:47 p. m. The Austrian official
J press bureau today gave out the fol
"Headquarters in Galicia today re
ports that the victorious battle for
the Austrian-German troops contin
ues. Advancing forces of Austrians
and Germans have reached the Wis
loka river, to Pilsno, while detach
ments have obtained a firm foothold
on the other bank.
"All the passes in the Deakid moun
tains. with the exception of Lubkow.
are in the hands of the AusCro-Ger-1
mans. The Russian columns sur-:
rounded on the northern slope of the j
Deskidds. are making desperate ef
forts to break through.
"The fighting will probably con
tinue for some time before the Rus
sians are destroyed as the battlefield
is on most difficult grounds.' ~
"The Russians are making fierce j
attacks in East Galicia. in order toj
relieve the western front, but these
attacks are unsuccessful.*"
? LONDON. May ?. 2:05 a. *
!? m.?Lloyd's Weekly says that ?
j ? detectives Pierpont. of LIvor- ?
J pool, arrested three.Germans ?
aboard the Lusitania. When ?
the ship was torpedoed tber *
? were drowned. . ?
Alfred G. TandcebOt.
/ Alfred G. VandeAflt om^ll
the pMMBgm on the SUaM lol^
tenia- Jon before the tmm! ssOed
he leceived this ibobjvmii tele
Rtm: "Haw it on definite eu<b? ''
fty the Lnafanfa is to be torpedoed,
yon bad better cancel phoc* to
mediately." The mflBaMrfve did a#
bke the telegam ?rionslg.
'receded by a Heavy Bombard
ment, is Being Made by the
Germans on British.
LONDON.' *May*S^3zlS p. In ?
The official communication issued
night by the British *ar office, says:
"Yesterday fighting continued
southwest of Ypres without any ma
terial change in the situation We
recovered a trench that we bad lost
U?e day before.
"This morning the enemy started
a violent attack on onr trenches on
the front between Ypres and Ppd
capelle and the Ypres-Mentn roads..
The attack was preceded by a Heavy
bombardment. The fighting em
"On the remainder of oar frost
there has been no fighting."
FAIR M O XT " "m?7?8Anom o Bor
rf. convicted yesterday for assault on "*
rbomas Buckley, deputy sheriff at'
?<armington daring a strike riot, was'
lentenced today to eight yaws to the

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