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The Sunday telegram. [volume] (Clarksburg, W. Va.) 1914-1927, February 20, 1916, SECOND SECTION, Image 20

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To Buildings, Trees and Crops,
, aay Department of Agri
I WASHINGTON, Feb. 1!).?Termites,
or ''white nnts," are frequently
the r?use of serious damage to
t'-r buildings and occasionally to trees
? and.crops. Tbey are not really ants,
but their appearance, which, ex5'
cept In color, superficially resembles
that of ants. I.Ike ants, too, they
?' live ill large colonies usually located
K;In dead trees. In the foundation timRi
bers of buildings, In wood that Is In
contact with the ground or In underIn
the earth.
If! '; ' {jtUUUU j/tt..u?Cww ...
v In the eastern ami northern portions
of the country, damage from
these Umects to foundation timbers,
flooring in basements, anil other
woodwork Is common and sometimes
serious. It is only occasionally, however,
that living
Vegetation is Attacked,
and then principally on recently
r cleared land where there is much de*
r.. caying wood anil humus In Ihe soil.
An infestation of corn in the prairie
l|' ' region of Kansas Is reported to have
ii been due to the presence of enormous
numbers of the Insects In the heavily
sodded soil, but, says Bulletin No. 333
aj Of the United Slates Department of
V Agriculture, a professional papor by
Thomas E. Snyder, which reports in
1 detail on the economic importance of
termites in me unitea annuo, >i
should be borne in mind that such
damage to living plants in usually
occasional and then only looal, and
I not in general a serious problem."
The damage that tormltes do to
bufldlngB Is more Important. Many
of the buildings In New Orlenns recently
demolished by a hurricane
weTe found to hare been mined by insects,
probably by termites and thus
seriously weakened. The termites
j frequently honeycomb beams, flooring
walls and other woodwork, even
; ns high up ns the second and third
floors of buildings. They ohlain an
tret.- ?a?, nn/liirirr/innil nn<(
t'iiuaucc liiiuubii uu?.u.e.uu..v.
sages, extending their subterranean
galleries for comparatively long distances.
Frequently the damage Is
not discovered until the floors have
' settled or the jolBts collapsed. In
sueh cases
Kxtenslve Repairs.
I and the removal of the damaged timber
are often necessary. All wooden
fafln buildings are liable to Infestation
as, In fact. Is any timber that
comes In contact with the ground.
Bridges, telephone and telegraph
poles, mine props, fences, woodwork
In wells, wooden silos, beehives and
lnmhpr nllprl nn the around hnve all
||| been seriously damaged In this way.
Once they have gained entrance to n
building, the termites frequently!
' prove very destructive to many kinds
of material stored In it, In houses
they destroy furniture, wall paper,
, books, fabrics, clothing, shoes, leather
goods and food that Is stored In dark
(lamp basements.
To prevent their attacks the foundations
of buildings and the basement
< floor should be made entirely of
brick, stone, or concrete, and no
woodwork should be In contact with
the ground. TIs precaution Is rec-1
ommended particularly for the |
southern states. Ileams or jolBts |
should not be Imbedded In concrete. |
as a crack will provide a means of j
Ingress for the Insects. Books, docu-1
ments, and othor material susceptl-1
ble to attack should not be stored In 1
unventtlated rooms where they may;
8 hB,nm? mnliat fit' moldv. When U
iI building has already become infested,
the only effective remedy is to
tear nut that part which harbors the
Insect and to rebuild It in such a
way as to prevent future Invasions,
that is by substituting rock fonnda-;
v tion or foundation timbers Impreg-j
nated with coal-tar creosotes.
i.Certain woods, however, are known
to be resistant to termites, Black walnut
and persimmon, for Instance,
among the cabinet woods, have this
duality and several of the cedars and
the southern bald cypress are both
, ? Hesistaut anil Durable.
in contact with the ground. In other
words resistance for varying periods,
.1 ?>!??.. i,??n ftso mofhrvl nf trnjit
uuyuuuiue uf-wu iwt ...
i:. ; nient, may be obtained by the use of
chemical preservatives, the most effective
of . which are coal tar creosotes..
In nurseries anil orchards, "white
ants" have frequently proved troublcaonie.
In orange groves they have
been known to eat away the bark
from the base of the tree and have
, done similar damage to deciduous
fruit trees in the southern states and
in California. Cases are on record
also in which they have been troublesome
in vineyards and have injured
pecan, chestnut and walnut
trees. Dead timber in forests rapidly
become unmerchantable when atW.
' tacked by the Insects. Injured trees.
V? . especially the oak and chestnut, suf'
fer from attacks upon their roots and
tue tower pari ui meir uuim-t.
Because the termites arc found
chiefly in recently cleared ground,
(his should be avoided In planting
djii- nursoy stock, notation of crops will
II prevent serious damage on the farm.
In green houses, iron frames and concrete
work should replace wood as
' much as possible, and what woodwork
is used should he impregnated
; with bichloride of mercury.
RIMSPY BIMU
I IN CONNECTICUT CUT
Grand Duke, Said to Be Czar's
Brother Michael, Visited
Bridgeport Offices.
I BRIDGEPORT, Conn., Feb. 19.?
Discovery that a Russian grand duke
? probably the Grand Duke Michael,
brother of the czar, had recently been
, in Bridgeport Incognito, and that in
a suite of magnificently appointed offlcee
in the First National Bonk buildj
ing there, is ensconced a big staff
of Russian army officers and secret
;> Borvice men, has led to startling dis:
closures of the activities of agents of
!' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' |
'J
ANTS
1ENACE
Si urs
1 USELESS
! irim
Those Made in America Give
Lots of Trouble, Says a
British Aviator.
.VBW YORK, pell. 19.?Not a nlnglo
aeroplane made In the United States
in cnpablo of enduring the acrvico demanded
or the machines used at the
j scene of war today, according to
! Lieutenant J. E. C. Scott, a British
aviator and areonautlc engineer, who
Is in the country on a diplomatic mis|
slon for IiIh government. He added
that there 1b not an aeroplane motor
mndo on this side of the Atlantic
which Is capablo or giving the service
needed.
"Wo nrc constantly having trouble
with Ihc machines made over here,"
Lieutenant Scott said, "partly because
| your American manufacturers are
cnrelcBs. You do not take the pains
in building a machine that tho French
and llrltlsii makers do. But it Is partly
also because you have not learned
the requirements.
"Do you know that in this country
the manufacturers actually do not
understand the specifications which
1 are Imposed by the purchasing gov|
crnmouts in regard to motor mnnu:
facturlng?the quality of steel and
such things?
Fine Figuring by English.
"In building a war machine the
British makers figure as close as 1-100
I of an Inch on the wooden parts and
WILL OPEN P
FORES!
Mount Mitchell Area Soon to
Be Opened for Benefit of
Summer Campers.
ASHEVILLE, N. C., Feb. 19.?The
national government la completing
plans for the opontng up of the Mount
Mitchell forest reserve In western
North Carolina, as a national park,
and definite plnns to call attention of
tourists and others throughout the
country to the advantages that will
nccruo to them in the way of rocreai
tlon and pleasure from spending n
few weeks each summer camping in
the mountains of western North Carolina,
will be evidenced in a linndsomo
booklet now being prepared by
the government. The government
Intends to throw open the mountain
forest reserve in tills vicinity as one
great park.
The booklet referred to will contain
maps and many
Iieantlful Helnres
in addition to a vivid description of
the mountain area, which will be given
free to parties and families that
may desire to spend the summer
camping free, or establishing permanent
summer homes at a nominal fee.
In this wonderful mountnin section.
1 wiiuur uuiuoor recnsuiiuii auu ueuuu
may lie enjoyed to the fullest extent.
The Mount Mitchell forest reserve
has recently been acijulred by the federal
government for the purpose of
conserving the timber reserves of the
country, and protecting the pure and
abundant avater supply of streams
and springs which have their origin
, in this wonderful mountain area, and
: from which Ashevlllc gets its pure
I water supply.
1 The forest reserve department of
the government Is having the co-operation
of the Southern railway in
bringing the opportunities offered by
the forest reserve to the attention of
the public, and will give all aid and
! information possible to campers, and
'persons desiring tn build summer
homes, In finding
Suitable [.orations
j in the Mount Mitchell forest reserve
for the coming summer.
This will be welcome news to hundreds
of people who want to be free
i front city life, and who have not
; ncrctornre had sit^n an opportunity
1 for living and camping in the great
j forests of the mountains of the "Land
! of the Sky." Chief Forester A. S.
i Graves has just written an official of
the Southern railway, the following
1 letter whleh gives Just the Information
which intending summer vacationists
or campers, would like to
have:
"I am very much interested In the
development of the Appalachian national
forests for recreational purposes.
The enjoyn?nt by the public of
the national forests for all sorts of
outdoor recreation is recognized as
one of tliolr Import.".!!1 uses. anci ample
regulations exist for the purpose of
facilitating tMs use to the fullest ex ent.
The roads and trails built prloinrlly
for the pnrpns1" of administration
and protection, are onen to all
"ho desire to fratnp or ride through
th" na'lonal forests nnd the only restrictions
existing are that travellers
I observe the ordinary . precautions
j the ezar in Bridgeport.
Behind doors that bear no signs Is
located one of the greatest Information
offices ever opened In this country by
a foreign government. Throughout
the city a Ilusslan espionage system
is establishes which has ramifications
i in every order of business, labor, educational
and social circles.
At the bureau it was admitted that
this had been established for the purpose
of securing Information for the
Russian government and of observing
foreign affairs In this city. That the
grand duke had been here was also
admitted, but It was said be bad now
left the city.
lHE SUNDAY TELEGRAM
1-1000 for the steel parts of the bod;,
while for the motor it Is usual to
llguro to 5-10000 of an Inch. That Is
why our machines last, while the average
American machine at the front Is
useless after five of six hours In tbo
rough weaher. The machine Is warped
and the motor Is worn out.
"There are only about six makers
In the United States who produce a
machine that can really fly, and not
i one of these can be compared with
the average home made machine. You
have not a single motor that Is satisfactory."
Lieutenant Scott could not talk I
about his own experience on the front,
but ho derided the flying corps of
! Germany as Inferior and "lacking ln:
: sportsmanship."
1 "They don't dare to do what the j
isritiRU. Kronen una lioigians uu every
<lny," lie said. "You never nee a
Gorman plane scouting over tiic lines
uiono, and you never see a German I
plane rlso up to meet one of our,
scouts slnglehandcd. Whenever tbcy;
see a liostilc plane coming near they.
: wait until It Ib right over the lines.
Then four of them will get up in a
square uliout him and close in on
hlin from four sides. Not very sportrnansllke
of them, and even at that.
! thay practically never get us because;
their machines aren't in our class.
Three Classes of Machines. |
! "We have three classes of machines
In the service. One Is the ultrafast
| cruiser, capable of making from eighty!
to ninety tnlies' an hour; the second j
is the fighting machine, which goesi
from sixty to eighty with big loads; :
. the third Is the Bpcedy seout, which is
a short machine cnnaldo of from
ninety to 130 miles an hour. Our, ]
scouts outclass the enemy by about |
ten miles an hour, and that's why ,
they are almost nover caught. I
"The newest and fastest of the Rrlt
isli machines Is the one you have ,
heard of as the 'Super Bullet.' It will ,
make between 120 and 130 miles an ,
I hour with a crew of four men, and ,
experiments aro being made to In- |
I crease Its speed further. It Is a |
larger plane than the 'Super Canada."
A recent official estimate gave New I
i Zealand a population of 1,164,745. i
Hammers were fashioned original- <
ly after the outstretched human hand J
and list.
NATIONAL
*S TO PUBLIC;
*
against the burning of the woods or
The Destruction or Injury
of timber or other property.
"Free permits may be obtained for
temporary camping purposes, and it
is required only that necessary precautions
be taken in building and extinguishing
the catnp fire, and that
the cutting of green timber be avoid- j
ed, and that tho grounds be kept in
clean and sanitary condition.
"The most important problem in
connection with the recreation development
ot the Appalachian national
j forests Is to provide means for bringj
ing the opportunities offered to the atj
tention of tl]f public, hi bringing
! this about, the Southern railway can,
I am confident, be of great assistance
through the facilities offered by its organization
lor the dissemination of detailed
Information concerning the recreation
attractions of the country trib
uiary 10 tut uncs. i
j "I am authorizing the district forester
to prepare a map and to report
' upon the purchase area of Mount
Mitchell which will bring out the
Reercntionnl Features
and explain to the public In detail
the opportunities they offer.
"The maps will indicate the main
routes of travel, those portions of the
i tract of special interest from the scenic
or other recreational standpoints,
and the localities which have especial
1 advantages either for temporary eanipimr
niirnoacs. or for permanent cot
| tage sites. As Boon s Ihese reporls
have been completed, I shall he glad
to furnish you with copies and authorize
your use of them tor the stlmi
ulatlnn of recreational development."
The altitude of Mount Mitchell Is
. 0,711 feet and is the "Top of Eastern1
I America." The altitude of the entire '
j territory In which the government will i
i open up, ranges from 2,700 feet tip to
the very summit of Mount Mitchell.
I
He Cao't Kiss Another
Man'c Wifp fnr
1V1UII v III1V 1VA
A Year
NEW YOIJK, Feb. 19.?It is not a
pleasant prospect that Joseph Suractl
a young Brooklyn salesman, faces
for he Is under a $100 bond to restrain
him from kissing other men's
wives for the next twelve months.
Tills action was taken following
his arrest on a charge preferred by
his wife.
"My husband's conduct has become
intolerable," bald Mrs. Suraci |(
w hen the charge had been read. "Two '
nights ago he took me to the home j
of one of his women friends. Without
a word of warning he jumped
from his chair anil kissod her."
"As an agent I meet lots of tuen (
and women," said the husband on:
the stand. "Competition is simply i
tierce, if a kiss brings n sale, then
that's good salesmanship. The other 1
night we went calling. My friend j;
said:
" 'Kiss your wife, Joe; If vou don't j.
I will.'
until Of vnii tin I'll Plus votirs."
J anil then we had n friendly little
kissing party. You know how it Is
yourself, judge, when you go out for i
a little fun." j:
"That Is about all; don't bring me j
into this." replied Magistrate Steers.
"For one year you are to kiss nobody ji
i but Alice, your own wife. And you
must furnish $100 bond to hold you
:in cheek."
Schenectady, N. Y., has 18,000 1
: dwellings. ;
KiKh that can shock other fish with
electric (lashes from their eyes have
been found along the New Jersey
coast, according to a Princeton Unlverslty
sctontfst.
' ''! i - ' :
< ^V'jV"'V : ; ''. /
CLARKSBURG, W. VA.
FIRE 15 KEPI
BURNING 1
IUIIIIIV VCADC
ITinill ILflllU
Started in Kettle, It is Kept j
Alive for Over Three-Quarters
of a Century.
A fire ha* Just gone out In a M1s-!
inurl cabin for the first time In the
letter part of a century, seventy-nine
earn to be exact. The Arc came
irlginally from Kentucky and the hisory
of how the embers wore kept
slowing during the long Journey from
lie blue grass beyond the Mississippi
orms a most Interesting talc.
Eighty years ago, in a Kentucky |
alloy, R. D. Duckworth, then a strap-i
ilng and ambitious young man, dc-!
ilded to migrate. "I bate to leave old
Ccntucky," ho said, "but 1 must go.
fhcre is one thing, however, that I
rill tako with inc," lie remarked to a
,'roup of neighbors who had gathered
ibout the war hearth in his father's |
lome to hid him good-bye.
"What's that?" some one askedj
uriously.
"And that's this fire," he replied.
Next morning Duckworth and his |
rife, taking wagons, guns, kettles and
ixes, and children, started for the j
unrlu hftvnn/1 Iho profit plvnr Swinp
ng under tlio bed of the wagon was I
in iron kettle, carrying the coals from <
lie parent hearth. Tills lire Duck-1
iiorth fed at Intervals with great care.
\aldo from sentiment it was a great
.'onvenlenco, ready nt noon or night
ir at any stop to break the gloom and
:ook the food. The fire was carolully
watched and never allowed to
50 out.
Built Home in Wilderness
The family often was followed by
Indians but never molested. Having |
iitIvoH In MlcnnnH nflnr n Inntr nml i
weary march behind the slow-plodllng
ox team, they settled in Spring
11111 township, Livingston county,
rherc they tied the oxen, unloaded tlio
children, and, leaving the household
;oods In tho wagon for that would
ie their only homo for some time to
omo, Duckworth took his ax and hewn
to clear a place In tho wilderness.
But before the family did so they
lid something else. They took down
he old kettle from the hack of the
wagon, put It away against the time
hen they should want to swing it
'rom the crane on the hearth, and took
'rom it the big fire that was to be
tept until they were under a roof and
n front of a real fireplace.
Months later a rude cabin was
icwcd out of the timber of the farm,
fhey plastered the cracks with mortar
md built a rude stone fireplace. The
ew homely household articles were
ilaced inside. And then they took the
Ire which had come all the way from
Kentucky in the old kettle and had
ilncc burned In log-heaps, to the newlaid
wood on the hearth.
Rre Outlived I'ioneer.
Tlmn U'nnt nn Tlifl U'lltlarnnQQ urec
'loured, the roads improved and the
nodern inventions, stoves, introduced
nto the neighborhood. But the Duckrorth
tire never failed. It was never
illowed to go out. The family grew .
ip and scattered. The father passed
0 his reward. Recently the aged '
nother, whose years had numbered
ilncty-threc, went to join him. None !
emaincd hut a son, Mctt Duckworth. ,
One thing lived on with him. It ,
eas the fire. And as the old man
ircpared his simple meals, the corn
iread he had made nnd oaten from '
1 boy, the salt meat followed by a
ilpe, the fire seemed so human that ,
t kept him company. There was no
langer of its going out. He saw to
hat. But at last the cabin grew too
ild, too uncomfortable, and fMott built
t new pine house without a fireplace
-only a stove. The other day ho!
novcd In. And for the llrst time In I
tearly eighty years the fire on the j
abin hearth turned to gray, dead
ishes. Mett said he preferred to let
lie old fire die with the old home.
'Kinder sacrlllglons to move it into a
dove," he remarked.
lOLfiyiiED
BY i WHITE
I III
M
Adventurous Traveler Makes a
Trip at Risk of Almost Certain
Death.
CONSTANTINOPLE. Feb. 1 !)?
Bronzed like n native son of the dett?rt
and In dress, speech and manners
fin Arab, the only white man who
over openly visited Medina, the Holy
Clt>- of the Mohammedans, has relumed
here. The pllfrrlm was Dr.
Karl Neufeld, the famous "prisoner
of the Mahdl," who was liberated by
l.ord Kitchener In the Soudan many
fears apto.
Few men have had a more ro-,
mantle and exciting career tlian tills
celebrated traveler. As a physlcan,!
loucher, merchant and contractor, he,
wont to the Soudan In 188G. When'
the uprising of the natives began ho
>vap taken prisoner by the Mahdl and
kept In chains for twelve years.
I'reed by Kitchener, he returned to
Germany, but after a lecturing tuor:
he made his way back to the Soudan, i
Shortly after the outbreak of the
present war he had to Iorvo his
adopted country again, ns he was expelled
by the British authorities.
After his return to Cerniany he
sns sent to Constantinople, where he
placed himself at the disposal of the
furkish government. He was usod
is an emlsary to the Arabian tribes
ind for this work probably no man Is
better qualified. As he speaks tho
dialects of all the Bedouin tribes,
knows their customs and has embraced
the Mohammedan faith, he
arino nnnSHnnpn wherever he annearB
' '.r'' ' o, *
, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY
In the world of Islam.
Derides on Perilous Trip.
After organizing the Arabian tribes
on the peninsula of Sinai for an Invasion
of Egypt, this strange man
went to Damascus and decided to visIt
Medina. He knew very well that
he would not leave this alive if tho
natives and the thousands of pilgrims
who are constantly there should
doubt his Mohammedanism.
Accompanied by four Arabs he left
Damascus in Juno. After his train
passed Maan and El Ulla the Turkish
officers with whom he traveled
became distrustful and they even
kept aloof from hlin when they saw
him nay hie prayers like every pious
Mohammedan. When he reached
Medina, the Itaniazan, the great Mohammedan
festival, had just begun,
jle placed himself under the protection
of a prominent native who has
charge of the pilgrims front the Soudan,
and his host conducted him to
the Haremes-Sherlfa, the temple
where Mohammedan In hurled with
his favorite daughter, Fatma, and his
son-in-law.
Surrounded by Mob.
When he stood before the crypt of
the prophet the German traveler was
surrounded by an angry mob. His
position became tiulte critical until
*?.o/in iiioiw urav thrniiL'h
twu ai auiana iiiniib tutu ?. i+j v.?
the crowd and declared:
"We know him; he in the Effendl
of Oiiidunnan and AsBuan, a good
man and true Mohammedan."
Even this did not entirely satisfy
the mob, and Dr. Neufeld was only
permitted to stay In the temple after
he nlllrmed his faith with a solemn
oath. For two or three weeks he was
continually watched by natives who
were not convinced by his religious
professions and by Egyptian spies In
the service of England.
The latter tried In every way to Inflame
the natives against him by clltlng
him a Inflrlcl and "Christian
dog." At a meeting of the scribes
and sheiks he was asked where ho
came front and there was great excitement
when he said: "From Cormany."
The priests and chiefs were satisfled,
however, when he related how
he was converted to Mohammedanism
by n pious sheik in the Soudan.
Dr. Neufeld remained In Medina
nearly two months in continual Intercourse
with the sheiks, ulentas niid
T\rrtni!nont nil p-Hnis fro in Trioollta
nia, Tunis, Morocco, Persia, Afghanistan
and India. Ho obtained much
valuable information, lie says.
Solomon Wo
To Build
Were He Living Today and
Wanted to Take His Family
to Some Market.
WAMTIXGTGX, Feb. 19.?"Wisdom
is the principal thing; therefore get
?i ?1 ? - ? ? .1 ?ii *v?o-ottintr 11 n?
wisumu, ami mm uu m.? bumuD
derstandlng." That Is one of the prove
i'Ijs of Solomon, the wisest of nil
men. If he were living in one of the
country districts in the United States
today, and wanted to take his family
to noine market or other town lie
would doubtless exhort the people to
build good roads. Estimating the dead
weight of his family at one hundred
pounds per person It would be necessary
for him to provide transportation
for one hundred thousand pounds, or
Bfty tons, and the average cost of
hauling on the common roads of this
country is twenty-three cents per ton
per mile or for a distance of ten
miles $115.00 which would be a prohibitive
rate in the case of transportation
for the members of one's family.
The railroads would do the same work
with better accommodations at thrco
cents the mile and the railroads In
'uOlnlno linvn Iwvnn hnilflnfl
L1I13 IJillV-Vt UU411.J lilt v -
to the extent of about $12,000,000,000.
They could not havo been tinanced In
any other way, and this is why, if he
were living now on the rural free delivery
route, Solomon would exhort nil
the people to vote for the issue of
bonds In aid of road construction, In
the first place because it is the most
direct and economical and approved
way of doing the tiling, and because
nil the other methods which have been
followed for centuries have failed to
give the country what is needed for
the promotion of Its industrial, commercial
and social life.
One of the most Illuminating and
convlnting statements made up the
subject of "County Bond Issues for
lioad Improvement" is contammi m
the correspondence between U B.
Johnson and D. II. Barger. Their
letters were printed In pamphlet form
and tvldcly distributed in the state ot
Virginia about four years ago but
there has been little added to the
fundamentals slnco this debate took
place. It was this way: the judgo
of the circuit court of Tazewell county
ordered an election in that county
on the question of Issuing ?62r>,00l)
bonds for the purpose of constructing
roads in that county. Mr. Johnson,
who is president of the .Norfolk and
Western Railroad, as one of the largest
taxpayers in the county, was asked
to say whether he was in favor
of the proposed bond issue and why,
and he asked Mr. iiarger, who did not
agree with him. to say why ho was
opposed to the issue. There was onlyone
side of the question left after Mr.
Johnson finished his argument. Ills
reasons were based upon nn economic
business proposition, coupled with the
unquestionable benefits that would accrue
to the people of the county from
nn educational, religious and social
viewpoint. The cost of hauling to the
point of railroad transportation would
bo reduced at least one-half. That
would lie ample return 10 me jieuine
of the county for the bonds issued In
this lichnlf. "The best schools are
always situated on good roads, the
worst schools on bad roads." The
average school attendance the year
around in communities provided with
goods roads is over eighty per cent;
the average attendance in communities
handicapped by bnd roads Is some
times as low as thirty per cent and
rarely exceeds seventy per cent. Anybody
with children to educate will
perceive the great advantage to them
of good roads. Eighteen per ccni or
the road mileage of the county carrlos
about ninety per cent of tho traffic
nnd ninety miles of the main roads of
Tazewell county would be sufficient
to take care of tho principal traffic
of the county. Tho amount of bonds
to bo Issued would amply tako care
of the main highways, built at a cost
20, 1916.
"Hofl
SAN DIBGO, Calif., Feb. 19.?Germany
lowered the Japanese flag on
the grounds of the Panama-California
international exposition a few days
ago and charged 18.40 for the Job.
The representatives of the mikado
paid the bill and gave profound thanks
for the work.
It was quite in contrast to conditions
existing on the other hemisi
phcre and provided one of the many
j signs of neutrality among the sixteen
'foreign nations that arc participating
in the 1910 exposition. The flag of
Japan was attached to the top of a
heavy pagoda. In changing the Japanese
exhibit it was desired that the
top of the pagoda, weighing two tons,
be lowered. The Japanese workmen
??i,i ihn r.rrm/ins emnloy
J ?l'U?Ul IIIC HIU V, ?#.- .
ed on Ihc German exhibit and with
derrick and tackle the work was dono
and the time charged up to Japan. I
The task required two hours for
j seven men, at sixty cents an hour.
j Henry li. Joy. president of the Packard
Motor Car Company, and president
of the Lincoln Highway Association,
and Samuel Hill, one of America's
greatest "good roads" enthusiasts,
! were visitors at the exposition at the1
same time recently. An unprecendentod
rain storm hit the coast during,
their first visit, washing out roads and
bridges, but by making transfers, each
I was able to return to Los Angeles
over the California highways when the1
-?? rtnnrnHnp' nnrl
ranruuus nviv ?v?. .........? ,
when the steamship lines refused to
maintain their schedule. Both Joy
and Hill predict heavy travel to the
1916 exposition from the East.
A formal ceremony accompanied the
raising of the German flag and the
German eagle over the exhibit of Gorj
many at the exposition a few days ago.'
; To show the absolute neutrality that
exists. M. Foueher, in charge of the
French exhibits, actually decorated;
the eagle with the German flag and;
G. Spinelll, representing Italy, assisted.
Germany and Italy have the en-,
I tire exhibit space of the foreign arts i
aid Exhort
Good Roads
K ?
of $6,000 the mile and the total annual
outlay of the county on account
of these bonds would be $26,000, a
small amount by comparison with the
?,?atoH nn the roads under the!
!1 UUHVJ 1IUM1UM ? ? ?
unscientific and inefficient system
heretofore followed.
The conservative advocates of bond
issues for road improvement favor
: the Improvement of the main roads by
bond issue and not the Improvement
| of the entire road mileage. "It would
| be Just as absurd for the county to
build all of its roads equally as good!
as for a city, or for a railroad to.
construct and maintain all of its'
' branch lines and siding equal to its
I main lines." Built for the benefit of
; the whole county the whole county
I which would share in its 'advantages
i should be Interested in the building;
, of a system of main roads to the cx- j
i tent of paying for it, and this can be
done in no other way so cheaply and
effectively as by issuing bonds to
pay for the work.
Objection lias been made to the issue
of county bonds for road construction
on the ground that "we
should pay as we go and not burden
posterity with debts contracted by
I use for our own benefit;" but this
; objection is as full of holes as a
| selve. Nearly all the county road
bonds run for twenty years and in
will have matured along with the
maturing and retirement of the bonds
and if the roads are built In a sclen1
title surfacing upon the durable founI
dations that have been laid.
Very Poor Argument.
The argument that the poorer pco-!
1 pic cannot stand the added burden
| of bond Issue for road building will
not stand Investigation. Four years
ago, the peasants of France bought!
$20,000,000 of the bonds of an Ameri
lean railroad, notwithstanding the fact
that within less tliun n Hundred years
France has spent $613,000,000 in build
, ing its rontl system.
Two years ago over forty-one per
cent of tlio counties in lite United
'States had Issued bonds for highway
construction. The total amount of.
such bonds voted by the people was
$286,557,073, The county highway i
bonds are regarded as an excellent |
investment. The funds to retire the
bonds is accumulated by the payment \
j of annual installments by the taxpay-j
ers which draw interest continuously I
and accumulate a sufficient amount to1
discharge (ho debt at maturity. "Five j
per cent highway bonds nro common
with the sinking fund calculated to
draw three and one-half per cent annually;"
so that posterity would not
' bo groatly troubled by any burden on
j this account. "A tax for road tin-,
provemcnt is an Investment and not a
! loss." "The increase In farm values
. as the result of road improvement
is so nroat that the tax rate Is fre
i cjnontly lower tlian before the Issu1
ance of 1 ho bonds." Good roads Ini
crease population. The llcures show
I that In counties where 1.5 per cent
. of the roads have heen improved the
population has decreased and In coun;
ties where forty per cent of the roads
have been Improved the population
has Increased. All experience in this |
country has proved that the Improve-1
inont of the main travelled roads by
I nonn ihhuu.s is ine must uuruuu aim i
feasible means of doing the thing j
that would moat promote the prosper-;
ity and happiness of tho people and i
the development of Industrial and ]
commercial activities. Three hundred
years of criminal neglect has demonstrated
that good roads cannot be obtained
by Ignorant manngomcnt, political
manipulation and ordlnnry taxation.
Solomon would say to the counties
and states: Vote bonds for highway
construction.
Under the pressure of necessity,
owing to Its scarcity because of the
war, platinum is being replaced In
many electrical appliances,
.?rl.v^8rSiKSx4fa ' ':' '??*'-? ' ' ' "
ili"
| building. ,
The author of "Curfew Shall Not
Slug Tonight." Mrs. Hose Hartwlck
i Thorpe, has written the poem invita,
tlon for the exposition. .Mrs. TUorpo
1 who now lives iu San Diego and who
Is engaged in writing a novel, sent
l-L- ? 1 - ?t r ? ??
inn renewing cuurmiug verse w * ?oo?dent
G. A. Davidson, or the exposition,
a few days ago:
A dream city 011 the hills of Balboa
A vine-covered city of magical art
Her flower gemmed garments o 1
ennrald splendor u
Sprang lush irow the fount of
Earth's generous heart.
Sbe sits like a queen on her high
throne of beauty
Her glance reaching for tho west
aud the east
On the sun-crowned mesa her banquet
is waitingShe
graciously beckons tho world
to the feast.
?dtose Hartwick Thorp*.
A new government building is being
constructed at the exposition to
house the aquarium of the fisheries,
department. The structure is 102x100
feet and Is at the head of the Isthmus.
This great display will have the tfdvautage
of an entire building.
The state of Washington will mainlain
exhibits at the exposition and
liio recent saie or toe iyj:> ounuiug iu
' n San JJjego society has been revoked.
Although the Washington commission
had several thousand dollars lett front
Iho 1315 exposition appropriation
there was no legal way to use it except
by calling a special session of
the legislature. After the announcement
of Washington's withdrawal
from the 1916 exposition, the commercial
clubs and civic organizations
In the state subscribed enough money
to maintain'the building and exhibits.
Many new features are being added.
Every exposition from the beginning
lias had its flag. At the opening of the
second year of San Diego's big enterprise,
the addition of sixteen foreign
nations brought to the notice of the
directors that there was no exposition
emblem flying from the flagstaffa
along with tho (lags of the nations.
Designs are being received and a prize
has been offered for the beBt Idea
which win prevent the Panama-California
international exposition from
being an exception to other expositions
in this one respect.
The dedication of San Diego's exposition
has boon set for Saturday.
ft Co 1Q Tho Infrttrnnl nnaninc RttlTlfi
on Xcw Year's day, hut the two months
and a half are necessary for the Insinuation
of foreign ^exhibits, construction
of new buildings nnd reorganization
of tlie Isthmus, which
houses exposition amusements.
Last season was the greatest in
the history of the Yellowstone Park.
as 45,000 visitors passed through the U
place.
IT Mil!
TO ME J
GUIDE
"Youth" Has Been Married
Twice Before and Almost
a Third Time. ,
' I
Although eighty years old. Samuel
iHockheimor, a retired mereliant. of
2052 Xor.h Fifth street, is still a
wlnnine wooer, lie got a license to
marry -Mrs. Anna 1?. Eisensteln, fiftysix
years old.
IlockenhcimeP has been married
twice, and almost a third time. The
"almost time" was last May, when he
got a license to wed Mrs. Augusta
hchrfcld, fifty-four years old, 2058 I
ft'orth Franklin street. The day after
the license was granted, Mrs. Lohrfcld
jilted htm and tore up the paper.
"She said I didn't have enough
money, so I told her to go and marry
Rockefeller," Hockhclmcr said. I
The jilting didn't discourage him,
however, and he was as chipper as a
bridegroom of twenty when lie talked
about his coming wedding. j
"Married life always agreed with
me," he said. "Here I am, eighty years
old, and still yoinjg and happy. I can j
dance a cakewalk Just like I could
thirty years ago. i have a good disn,,a
havn ntwavs had a good
wife. 0ivt> a man work, money, a
snotl disposition and a good wife and .
you have a combination that Is hard |
lo bent." |
The eighty-year-old bridegroom was
asked it ho had any advice to give I
to voting persons contemplating matrimony.
"Advice Is no Rood," he replied. "Let
Ihont get married and find out. Lot
them take a chance?I did. The only ^
advice 1 ever received which I thought H
was good canto from a brother of mine
whom I had not seen for years. Ho
lived in Holland, where I was born.
1 used to send him postcards, which I
cost five cents postage.
"He sent mo a letter and advised
mo not to spend so much money on
postage. I thought he was In poor
circumstances and was going to send
him money, when 1 learned of his
J ? H. A Ml.AVt limn oflomflr/l T WAR *
(lUill li. n nu?/?? nmu ... - .
nodded that, lie had left me the Interest
on $350,000. po 1 thought his
e,dried was very good."
Amertean films xro nio'-e popular
than ever in the '.<!? I England)
motion picture theaters, especially
the "comedy" Pictures.
Before Lorraine was united with
France. In 1730, it belonged to the
dethroned King of Poland. Before 1
that it belonged to Austria.
, ' . . : I
V

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