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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, February 04, 1887, Image 1

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Voi. III . No. 5. CHARLESTOWN. JEFFERSON COUNTY. W. VA., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 4. 1887._Price 3 CenjJI
“1 have used Simmons Liver Reg
ulator for many years, having made
it mv only Family Medicine. My
mother before me w as partial to it.
It is a safe, good and reliable medi
cine for anv disorder of the system,
and if used in time is a great pre
ventive of sickness. I often reeom
mend it to my friends, and shall
<*ontinue to do so.
“Rev. James M. Rollins.
“Pastor M. E. Church, So. Fairfield, Va.“
TIME AND DOCTORS’ BILLS SAYED
by always keeping Simmons Liver
Regulator in the house.
“I have found Simmons Liver Reg
- ulator the best family medicine I
ever used for anythin^'that may hap
pen; have used it in Indigestion,
Colic, Diarrhoea. Biliousness, and
found it to relieve immediately.
After eating a hearty supper, if, on
going to bed, I taUe about a tea
spoonful, I never feci the effects of
too supper eaten.
“OVID <i. SPARKS,
“Ex-Mayor, Macon, Ga.”
5 V ONLY GENUINE
has our 7. Stamp in ml on front of w rap
,1. H. Zeilin & Co., Philadelphia, Pa.,
SOLE PROPRIETORS, Price, $x.oo.
Sep.iM/St?.
SevoV5^**
’3Ag\&V\&,
W\tt**»
(t«\A a\\ 5iv«.A<S«s
(^\sek ^fow.
W\j\xvt"B\dw\
Cancer of the Tongue.
My wife, some three or four years ago. "**tfoo
Ued with an nicer on the aide of her tongue new
toe throat. The pain was inceaaant, causing to**
of sleep and producing great nervous proatratlon.
Accompanying this trouble wu rbeumaUsm. It
ted passed from the shoulder* and centered m the
wrtatofone hand, she almost losing the u**of tt.
Between the suffering of the twoTTife had grown
bordensome By the use of a half d°ien snteU
siaed bottles of Swiff* Specific, she^ was entirely
reHeved and restored to health. Thl* wm three
years ago, and there ha*^noretur^thedte
8parts, Oa., June 5,188*.
Treatise on Blood sudSklnDlseuea MUrttN*
. Tna swrrr SrsciTto CO , Drawer 8, Atlanta, oa
*f\V. 23dSt,.N. Y.
jan.lSMm
-1
After Forty rears*
»xp«n*noe in ths
ssnisss
Thousand applications for patents la
the United nu(M and Foreign coun
tries. tbs publishers of tbs Scientnlo
American contmas to set ss solicitors
for patent*, caveats trade-marks, oopy
_rights, etc., for the United States, and
to obtain patents in Canada, England, Francs,
Germany, and all other countries. Tbsir experi
ence ia ane^oaied and their facilities are uaaur
1)1988(1
Drawings and specifications prepared and filed
in the Patent Office on short notice. Tenna eery
reasonable. So charge for examination of modal*
or drawings Advice by mail free. 1
Patents obtained through MnnnAOo-SWnoticed
Inthe SCIENTIFIC AMERICA^wbich has
the largest circulation and is the most influential
newspaper of its kind published in the world.
The edrantagea of such a notice every patentee
tuuUnUodf.
Thi* ]*r*# and splendidly illustrated ntwypapar
to published WEEKLY at t3.»ayear. and ia
admitted to be the beet pep** devoted to ecieao^
mechanics inventions enigiaesring works, ana
other dspertm*n*s of industrial program pun
lisned in any country. It contain* the names of
all patentee* and title of every invention patented
each week. Try it four months for one dollar.
Sold by all newsdealers „ „ _,
If you have an invention to patent write te
Muon A Co., publishers of Scientifio Americas,
SSI Broadway. New York. ...
Handbook about patents mailed ft**
HPP1SC0TTS • • LI rPHCOTTS ■ • LIPPHiCOTTS
Leads *11 other Magazines
— Jn Tales of Fiction A New Departure
• poems of Interest —
■» pleasing Short Stories
“ Interesting Miscellany 25 CtS.
— Jfotes of Progress "
nearly “ Choice Selections
‘400 - Ong inal Contributions
PACKS IN EACH issue “ X°pics of the Times
•“ Jmt Gems
A Complete New Novel “ * Sup*1^** Merit
|j soat (»T«rit« utter ia mi So. “*
Giving a library of iz new and valuable works, worth
from $15.00 to $is.oo annually, at th« nominal sum
of as cent* per month. Subscription, $}.00 yearly.
Stories by John Habberton, Frances Hodgson Bur
nett, Julian Hawthorne, Lucy C Lillie, etc., etc.,
will appear in early issues
Circulars, giving details, etc., mailed on application
J. B. L1PPINC0TT COMPANY
E715 nod 717 Market St„ Philadelphia
•I® OFFER \
GIVE AWAY 1,000 Self-Operat
ing vir ashing Machines. If you want j
One, send us your name, P. O. and ex
press ottiee at* once. The National Co.,
aj Dey St., N. Y. sepHWJm
REAL ESTATE AGENCY.
V\ IVE. IFIIROIR^
Charlestown. Jefferson County, W. Va.,
Offers bargains in Farms,Manufactories,
Mills, Stores, Town property ami Im
proved Agricultural and Timber land.
Has Exchanges to offer in several ot the
States. Member of several city co-oper
$ alive Immigrant associations. IJuvsand
r sells »t contract rates. sept.ls.US.
LIFE AMONG GERMAN WOMEN.
The Education in Letters, the Kitchen
and at Sewing—Courtship Delights
and Marriage Sorrows.
Berlin Letter to Chicago News.
Woman’s position in a country is
at least one telling index to the civ
ilization of the same. The first step
in the conversion of a savage, one
might almost say, is the conquest of
his inherited aversion to labor; the
second, the inculcation of respect for
woman. The latter is by some con
sidered needless, I own. In tact, I
have heard the statement from the
“cathedra” of a German university,
uttered by a professor of history
called the greatest in the fatherland,
that “ultra respect for the mothers
o( a land u is an indisputable sign
of deterioration, or proof of the com
parative degree of civilization in
stanced by the United States of
America.” Such remarks are un
worthy discussion or refutation, and
pricking as they are, considering
their authority, I pass them by,
merely using them as an introduc
tion to a short study of the German
“fraulein.”
The fraulein’s school career is
ended at fifteen, anti “vale” is bidden
all “covers.” They have been edu
cated alone—coeducation is an in
tolerable evil—but they know little.
History and philology are th**ir
strong points. At their tongue’s
ends are the dates of events from the
birth of time, and French or “pig
oou” English equally well expresses
their maiden thoughts. Greek and
Latin have been held from them as
“forbidden fruit.” In mathematics
they have hardly passed the ‘Tide
of three,” an l withheld from even
the Pisgah of science. An American
seminary graduate would call them
“intellectual upstarts,” though their
little knowledge is of a thorough
ness that would please a modern
“Duns Scot us.” And it must be
confessed that their post graduate
course is far superior to that of the
American girl. It is not among the
“flowery paths of learning,” on the
up-hill road to a degree—it is in the
kitchen, laundry and the school of
“Jenny I'Ouvriere.” Housewifery
is their only thought, matei tnrnilias
their only hope. No German woman,
from princess down, is eligible who
cannot use “Mrs. Bret-ion” or Mari
an Harland,” and superintend the
work of her servants. That is a
matter of course.
The sewing school is an equally
prominent faculty in her life’s col
lege. In the smaller German towns
it is a common thing to meet dozens
of rosy cheeked maidens, with work
baskets on their arms, trudging
away to their lessons. And when
they graduate their diplomas assure
comparative excellence. They make
their own clothing with Penelope like
ease. They are 17 or 18 now, and
candidates for matrimony. They
have three years ere the case is hope
less—to s«*ek their “freer,” as they
call their husband “in spe”—as
though delivering them from Egyp
tian bondage Use of words betrays
the character and feelings of a peo
ple more quickly than all else. If
you know the language you know
the people. What other comment is
necessary upon the position of wo
man in Germany than that one word
“freer?” But these candidates are
rather pretty, I admit. The long
golden locks, profuse as a mermaid;
cheeks of rosy hue, eyes whose deep
blue, shaded by the long lashes, look
“true as steel;” lips which Venus
might envy, and behind them teeth
whose setting Hygeia might have
given. The figure is superb. The
beautifully rounded bust, the “soft
poetical lines of womanhood,” are j
never absent. The flat breasts and i
willowy figures which so often dis- 1
tinguish the “genus Amerieanus” i
are seldom seen. But let her walk,
and the charm usually vanishes like
a dream, or the dew from the grass
before the morning sun. Her gait
is shuffling, her dance has little of
“the light fantastic toe.” She visits j
a few balls, chaperoned a cap-a-pie. !
Men who dance with her are watch- ;
ed by eagle eyes. A bow, a whirl, a
few gyrations so rapid that no whis
pered word is possible, an inclination ;
of thanks—and she returns home
guarded on all sides by servant girls,
that uo gay Lothario can repeat the
“Rape of the Lock.” Her whole
moral code seems expressed in fear
of men, and yet she is dying, poei
tively dying, to possess one. It is a
strange incongruity. Spinsters are
less respected here than elsewhere.
I have often heard women, when
approaching the dangerous year
which assigned them irrevocably to
the objectionable sphere, “9igh like
a furnace” and fairly bewail their
future destiny. The bloom leaves
their cheeks, they enter decline or
end their lives. The home life is de
void of interest One calls and is ;
kept apart from the very being he
wishes to see. And should bechance
to meet her alone sheissoembarras
ed at the sudden responsibility of re
ceiving a man that it is martyrdom
for both to remain. Her education
has not given her ideas to spare, and
the blushes on her cheeks, though
pretty as roses, are offset, if possible
by the misery depicted in her eye.
Young people have little opportunity
to know one another, to discover
hearts and learn dispositions. A
Japanese method prevails. One con
solation—acceptance is certain. So
far as I know there is not a single
refusal recorded. I have often pitied
my friends who entertained the idea
of matrimonial experiment, and filled
them with envy by a recital of Ameri
can customs. But this proposal is
a serious matter, one that would be
difficult to survive.
I remember several years ago,
when I was down in Thuringia,
knowing a young officer who had
fallen in love with a beautiful woman
and the eventful day arrived for the
formal siege of her parents. He took
his servant and traversed the back
ways leading to his dulcinea’s home.
He was solemnly attired, the white
tie and immaculate shirt front be
tracing full-dre9s costume, though
the “swallow tail” was absent. But
the servant carried it. The young
man, fearful of the people’s guessing
the intent of his pilgrimage, feared
to don it. Arrived at the “back
gate,” however he exchanged his
“busines jacket” for the regulation
atfai r—for otherwise garni tured such
a seigo i9 out of the question. His
lady love sat at the upper window,
when, suddenly catching sight of her
approaching cavalier,she cried; “Ob,
mother, he i9 in his dress suit. No
further word was necessary; it was
a shibboleth or freemasonry under
stood by all parents, anil they pre
pared for his reception. Down upon
his knees fell my friend, a “beauti
ful” contrast to the bare German
floor. The word was hardly spoken;
they welcomed him with open arms
and kissed him with non Judas lips.
“She” was called and the “dress-suit
affair” fortunately over. But with
the engagement comes the German
fraulein’s blissful days. All the
pent up affection, curbed so long by
chaperons, bursts out like the “fires
of Utica.” The confidence express
ed in her eye, the convulsive attacks
of hand-pressing, the vc luptuous kis
ses, are dealt out with a profusion
that one can hardly describe.
The engagement is long and man
kind is convinced—thoroughly
convinced—ere the marriage bell
rings. But it rings at last, and
while its echoes arc dying away
farewell is bidden this outward and
disgusting display. Affection has
no direct purpose now—the world
knows they are one. She ceases to
accompany him to the shops ceases
to learn upon his arm; sLe takes
her place in the kitchen, and serves
her“lord and master.” She walks
with him from market, laden with”
bags and baskets,” while he trudges
along unburdened. She performs
labor enough to age an amazon.
Home life? There isn’t much—a poor,
inadequate substitute. In the even
ing they visit the dance or the
garden aud sit for hours at the
table, listening to the student and
army tales of their husbands. But
love—true love of man and wife—is
not there. The hearth penates
Lave takeu flight. The former
superabundance of affection was but
superficial, and scandal lightly
steps in. Real happiness and the
deep rythmical music of home they
do not know. “Sweet Home” is nev
er sung.
FUR FASHIONS FOR MEN.
Cincinnati Inquirer.
One sees fur-trimined coats every
where. Gamblers are much given
to them, and so are deacons who do
business on Third street.
Prosperous saloon keepers are
equally fond of them.
Every man who ever had any
thing to do with sports—every horse
man, or billiard man, or base ball
man—seems to think a fur-trimmed
overcoat indispensible to his win
ter’s existence.
Perhaps the most gorgeous fur
trimmed coat in the country is the
one worn by Mr. Cleveland’s late
Minister to Persia. It is radiant
with fur of various tints, and the
furrier who designed it did not for
get to put in a neat bit of bright
color.
It' fur is a good thing to wear
upon the collar and shoulder of an
overcoat and round the arms just
above the wrists, why is it not a
good thing to wear elsewhere?
If the extremities are to be pro
tected, why not protect them all? If
the overcoat may be so richly adorn
ed with circlets of fur, more or less
expensive, why not other garments?
This view of the matter will sure
ly occur to some leading tailor, and
next season, if not this, there is a
strong probability that fur-trimmed
trousers will be seen in profusion.
Choose ever the plainest road; it
always answers best. For the same
reason, choose ever to do and say
what is the most just and the most
direct. Thi9 conduct will save a
thousand blushes and a thousand
struggles, and will deliver yon from
those secret torments which are the
never-failing attendants of dissimu
lation.
THE NEW SOUTH AND THE
FALSE PROPHETS.
Philadelphia Record.
The rapid and vigorous develop
ment of manufacturing industries in
the South, as revealed in recent sta
tistical reports, is a genuine cause
for patriotic exultation. So far from
menacing Northern industries, as
may be apprehended in some quar
ters, Southern prosperity will
strengthen them. Whatever shall
promote the welfare of one portion
of the common country cannot fail
to benefit all the rest; so that the
evidences of Southern progress, in
stead of exciting sectional jealousy
and apprehension, ought to give
cause for sincere congratulation at
this season, when the nation has
just entered upon a new year in its
history. Evidences of this progress
are seen not only in the extent but
in the variety of new enterpries in
the South. That industrial system
which, partly from necessity and
partly from choice, was confined to a
narrow range of products, has been
put aside, and the Southern people,
having aroused their dormant ener
gies, find themselves capable of sue
cessfully competing with all comers
in many fields of manufacturing en
terprise.
When the civil war ended, the
South, bleeding and exhausted, was
prostrate. Manufactories, except
such as weie absolutely necessary
for the wants of an agricultural peo
ple, had no existence. The lines of
railroad communication had been
broken and destroyed. An indus
trial system based on slavery had
been overthrown. Capital #.t home
and abroad, though idly massed and
waiting for investment, was distrust
ful of any undertaking in the South.
The political conditions succeeding
the war have also been extremely
unfavorable. Statesmen of the
school of Sherman and Blaine, from
whom Northern capitalists have
been accustomed to take advice,were
incessantly warning the country of
the mischief, political, social and in
dustrial, that would result from a
change of party government.
With such drawbacks and dis
couragements industrial develop
ment in the South was necessarily
backward. Confidence, which is the
soul of enterprise, is proverbially a
plant of slow growth. But the polit
ical change so much dreaded has
been realized, aud the result has
come clearly before the country.
This result has shown the fallacy of
the predictions of evil made by par
tizan prophets. Nothing has afford
ed 30 complete a discomfiture of the
false prophets as has this great
growth of industries iu the South.
In 1885. the first year of Democrat
ic administration, the investment of
capital in new manufacturing and
mining enterprises in the South is
shown in the Manufacturers' Rec
ord, of Baltimore, to have been $(>6,
000,000. Large as is this amount,
it is shown by the same authority
that the investments in new South
ern individual enterprises amounted
to $130,000,000 in the year which
has just closed, the second of Demo
cratic administration.
It would be a bad imitation of
partisan folly and absurdity to at
tribute this remarkable industrial
growth to mere chaugcof party gov
ernment. The industrial South has
been moving steadily upward and
onward in spite of partisan misrepre
sentation. But a political change
was necessary in order to convince
the timid and the unreflecting, who
habitually took their opinions from
party leaders and party organs, how
false were the fearful prophecies of
the political evil that would result
from Democratic accession to power.
The partizan birds of evil omen,
with their croakiug cries of section
alisra, will not be trusted again iu a
political campaign, while capital will
continue to seek profitable invest
ment in the South witli as much
readiness and assurance of security i
as in any other portion of the coun
try. The political change has dem
onstrated that no parry in this land
has a monopoly and an inheritance
in the government; an 1 iu this fact
is a substantial guarantee of the
stability of i:s political and social
institutions. The whole of this
country is greater than any of its
parts or its parties.
SPANISH GALLEONS.
Remarkable Specimens of a Peculiar
School of Naval Architecture.
Gentleman's Magazine
The need of greater passenger ac
comodation, due to the development
of American colonization, caused the
Spanish shipbuilders to load the
decks with towering forecastle and
poop structures, each^tetaining two
or three tiers of cabins,*iustead of
meeting the new demand by planning
ships adapted to different conditions
than had before obtained. Thus at
each extremity of the vessel was a
top-heavy fabric having a height
equal to nearly a fourth of her
length, and rendeiiug it dangerous
to carry even the lower canvas in-a
fresh breeze; while the sides “tum
bled home," as sailors term it, that
is to say. inclined inward toward
each other as they rose, so that the
greatest breadth was below the wa
ter line, the least on the upper deck.
Round-bowed and square-sterned,
steering badly and commonly over
loaded with cargo, the rate of pro
gression was, under the most favor
able circumstances, not more than
twenty-five leagues a day. There
fore, usually about fifteen days were
required for the last and most peril
ous stage of the homeward voyage,
that from Azores, distant only eight
hundred miles from the western
coast of Portugal. The active life
of a Spanish ship was short, even if
she escaped the perils of weather
and warfare, no vessel being consid
ered fit for further ocean service af
ter, at the most, four voyages to and
from America. This was partly
due to no adequate method of
sheathing being known by which
the sides under water could be pro
tected from the attacks of worms,
and in part to radical defects in
planning and construction. A gal
leon of four hundred tons burden,
the average size, would be allowed
a keel length of sixty feet, little
more than that given to an English
ship of only one hundred and fifty
tons. The length of the upper deck
being some ninety feet, with huge
projecting bow timbers in addition,
the effect of the relatively immense
superstructure was to cause the ves
sel to pitch and strain to an extent
which frequently opened the seams,
the keel being too short to ride on
two or more waves at once and so
lessen the abruptness of her rise and
fall. The rule was that the foremast
should have the same length as the
keel, and the mainmast that of the
upper deck, the mizzenmast and
bowsprit being each sixty feet long.
On each mast were two or three
yards, and over the lower ones were
large basket-shaped “tops” forty or
fifty feet in circumference, which in
action were filled with musketeers.
The traveler in the East who meets
with some of the Spanish-built
steamers trading to the Philippines
may still see in the heavy bows, the
massive tops and the old fashioned
window-fitted ports a curious survi
val of some of the features of the
ancient galleon.
MAIDS WITHOUT A MAN.
“How to be Happy, Though Single,” Dis
cussed with Good Humor.
Cassell’s Magazine for February.
Wc lately wrote a book whieh has
been most favorably received called
“How to be Happy, Though Mar
ried,” but we think that quite as
much might be said on the possibil
ity of single ble9sednes9. Thou
sands of women and even of men can
not marry for one reason or another.
Let them cultivate the contented
state of mind ot that old Scotch lady
who said, ‘*1 wadna gie my single
life for ’a the double ane9 I ever
saw.” People may admire the mar
riage state and yet have their own
giM>d reasons for not entering it
Under the dying pillow of Washing
ton Irving there was found a lock of
hair and a miniature. Who will say
that a man or woman ought to marry
who treasures up such memorials,
and thinks of all that might have
been?
Impeeuniosity is another reason
for denying one’s self the luxury of a
wife. A mistake may, of course, be
made as to the amount of money
necessary for marriage. There are
those who could drive a coach-aud
two, but, waiting for a coach-and
four, they arc carried into the deso
lation of confirmed bachelorism.
That man, however, is much to be
pitied who leads a pure life and
whose “I can’t afford it” is no mere
excuse. Let him continue to work
and economize, and before very long
he will have—
"A guardian angel o’er liia life presiding,
Doubling his pleasures, and his cares di
viding.”
Ami here we must protest against
the foolish and cowardly ridicule
that is sometimes bestowed upon
elderly men and women who, using
the liberty of a free country, have
abstained from marrying. Certain
ly some of them could give reasons
for spending their lives outside the
temple of Hymen that are far more
honorable than the motives which
induced their foolish detractors to
rush in. Some have never found
their other selves, or circumstances
prevented the junction of these
selves. And which is more honora
ble, a life of loneliness or a loveless
marriage? There are others who
have laid down their hopes of wed
ded bliss for the sake of accomplish
ing some good work, or for the sake
of a father, mother, sister or brother.
In such cases celibacy is an honora
ble and may be a praiseworty state.
Those who pot plants for winter
blooming are rightly particular to
have rich soil. This, however, is
apt to be full of worms which dam
age the roots. Lime water in fall
strength, which is all the lime that
water will hold in eolation, will de
stroy the worms, bat be no injury,
but rather a benefit, to the plants.
The tramp is like the lily of the
field, in that he toils not, neither
does he spin. It is also reasonably
certain that Solomon in all his g!ory
was never arrayed like him.
IN A DUTCH PRISON.
Brooklyn Mngasine.
A prison in Holland is rather an
embellishment than a disfigurement
to a town, at least each is the fine
penitentiary at Leeuwarden, one of
the most famous prisons in Holland,
and a model of its kind. It is com
pletely built of stone, bricks, and
iron, consequently fire proof; stair
cases, halls, and workshops are
built with mathematical precision
and in such manner as to permit of
constant surveillance. The yards
are large and spacious, all the rooms
whitewashed from top to bottom and
well ventilated, the inner and outer
walls even bearing witness to the
proverbial Dutch cleanliness. The
steps and passages are equally clean,
and you would look in vain for a
soiled spot or grain of dust Not a
cracked or tarnished pane of glass
can be found in the whole building.
Everything is washed, brushed, and
waxed with a care we might well «*■
vy in many of our American homes.
The dormitories are regularly scrub
bed every day and well ventilated.
Their aspect is, however, curious.
Each consists of a large whitewash
ed, asphalt-floored room, in the cen
tre of which is an immense iron-trel
lised cage, armed on the inside with
spikes. This cage is divided into
over one hundred cells, each separa
ted by sheet-iron walls; each has its
bed, consisting of a thin mattress, a
pair of sheets of coarse texture, and
two coverlets. Each night the pris
oners are locked in these narrow
cells,and thus repose perfectly isolat
ed from each other. All around the
dormitory run iron water-pipes, with
taps fixed at intervals, at which the
convicts are supposed to perform
their ablutions. Water is general
throughout the whole prison, and is
to be met with on each story. Baths,
which the prisoners are compelled to
make use of at stated times, are on
the ground floor. The prisoners
have three meals per day. In the
morning, lukewarm milk and water
and a piece of dry bread; at midday,
a soup composed of vegetables; in
the evening, coffee and brown bread.
Sometimes they are allowed a small
quantity of meat, but more often ba
con. The prisoners, however, oan
improve upon this food by the money
they earn. They have, iu fact, a
small interest in their work, four
sixths of which is at their disposal,
the balance being very properly cap
italized and handed to them on their
dismissal. Everything is conducted
with military discipline in a Dutch
prison, which allows neither of ill
will nor question. The dungeons,
n kind of subterranean cells, are tor
the unruly, and irons for the mutin
ous. No conversation is allowed be
tween the prisoners during hours of
work. Perfect order prevails as a
rule, and attempts at escape are
events unknown.
ORNAMENTS*^ OF ALGERIAN
WOMEN.
Brooklyn Magazine.
The dress of the Algerian woman
hangs very loosely about the armes,
which are always bare. Sometimes
a red band, which passes in a loop
over each shoulder and crosses at
the back, where it is ornamented
with little red tassels, keeps the
dress closer to the figure. When the
arms are raised, the loose drapery
hanging through the loops has much
the appearance of the full sleeve of
the Italian peasant, ohoulderpins
are very mnch worn and are made
of silver, often enriched with coral
and enamels, resembling an Irish
brooch. These pins are sometimes
connected with a chain, to the centre
of which is suspended a little metal
box, enamelled, and containing scent.
On the head is worn a little peaked
bonnet, like the French cap of liber'
ty. It is made by doubling in half,
lengthwise, a broad silk band, and
sewing up one side. It ia kept in
its place by a second kerchief,
bound round and knotted behind.^
Many women allow their hair to
wave free, or confine it simply with
a fillet A frequent ornament i* a
round silver brooch with an opening
in the centre crossed by a pin.
Bosses of coral, as well as knobs of
silver, which latter hare a very pearl
like effect, are dotted about it.
They are effective pieces of jewelry,
anu with the sun shining on them
glisten like moons. They are not
adopted till a woman becomes a
mother. On the birth of a girl, the
brooch ia worn between the breaete;
on the birth of a boy, it ia raised,
and gleams above the forehead.
When a wife ia disobeidient, and is
beaten by her husband, the brooch
is often undone by the woman and
dashed to the ground at hia feet
Their ia another head ornament,
handsomer than this. It consists
of a central silver brooch over the
forehead, and aide brooches above
the templet, enriched in the same
style, and with rows of eilver
gleaming aemiapheree completely
encircling the bead, and forma a
glittering tiara fit for a princess.
Necklaces are made of bead* and
coral, awfaleo of cloves sad sweet
smelling paste
A HOMELY COUGH MIXTURE
On Love, in MMttcal Review.
I have ant for the past five ye* re
found a oongh among my patients,
no matter what the ago or what the
cause, whether bronchial, laryngeal,
pneumonic, tubercular or nervous,
that did not receive more or less
benefit from the free administration
of a mixture prepared as follows:
Nicholson’s or Half’s malt ext -4 oxa
Whisky (boat).<ou
Glycerine (c. p.).«oi»
Juice of six lemons.
Crush sugar.. Sou
Mix sad boll ten minutes.
Big.—From one to two toaepoonfbla to
om or two tabtosnoonfols, according to
age, every one, two or three hoars, an
may be indicated.
Prepared in this manner we have
a moat excellent expectorant cough
mixture for general domeetic use,
containing nothing to disturb di
gestion, no opium, no ipecac, as do
moat of the stereotyped cough mix
tures in the shops. Tho glycerin*?
and malt are both beneficial to nu
trition, as well a* expectorant; and
the same may be said of all the com
ponent parts of the combination.
The emonnt of the lemon jnice may
be increased acoording to the prefer
ence of the patient
I am free to say that in over 250
families of this city where I am the
physician this cough mixture is
found indispensable. In my own
family nothing else baa ever beeu
found neoeasary to control, relieve
and care the coughs incident
therein. _
MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFI
CIAL IVORY.
Chicago Tribune.
How ie artificial ivory made? Of
late years the scarcity and dcarnets
of genuine ivory have driven inven*
ora to manufacture artificial com
pounds capable of replacing it fur
many industrial and domestic pur
poses. These compounds, which
may almost without exception lie
classed under the name of,"cellu
loid,"are formed of divided cotton
waste or some similar substance,
soaked in either vegetable naphtha,
nitro-benzol, camphor or alcohol.
Sufficient of these solvents is used to
make a soft, plastic mass, which .is
subjected to hydraulic pressure an i
mixed with oils, gums and col
oring matter.
Any degree oi nexiomiy can im
given to it, and it can be made white
and transparent or of any brilliant
color. It oan^be made hard aa irnrv,
or retained in so soft a condition »<«
to be capable of being aprcad in
layers over textile fabrics in the
same way as paint is laid on. It
can be pressed and stamped, plan- 1
like wood, tamed in a lathe, cut wit i
a saw, carved, woven or applied p «
a varnish. When dyed the dye run «
through the whole substance, ami
cannot therefore be rubbed or wash* d
out An artificial ivory of creamy
whiteness and great hardness is now
made from good potatoes washed in
dilated sulphuric acid, then bode i
in the same solution until they be
come solid and dense. They are
then washed free of the acid an 1
alowly dried. This ivory can bo
dyed and tamed and made useful
in many ways.
LITERARY GENIUS IN YOUTH.
Brooklyn Magazine.
It is almost incredible, when one
looks over the records of the past, to
find at what early ages some of the
world's greatest writers manifested
literary genius and performed their
moat important work. Shakespeare,
for example, wrote “Hamlet” when
but thirty-aix years of age; Thomas
Moore wrote poems at fourteen; Bry
ant’s “Thanatopels” was written be
fore the author had reached ihe age
of twenty; Henry Kirke White pub
lished a volume of poems at seven
teen; Fitz-Greene Halleck's best
verses were penned when the author
waa between fourteen ami seventeen
years of age; Dickens procured th«
“Pickwick Papers’ before he r...s
tbenty-five; Milton wrote p'Clrvrt
the age of ten: Bolwer Lytton. Riv
ard Taylor and the |KHd Keat# weirt
successfully writing for the utn-j •
zincs at eighteen; Schiller wrote n. I
published a poem on Moses in hi-*
fourteenth year; Southey began t *
write verses before be was eleven;
poems by Chancer and Leigh Hunt
were known and read before the au
thors were twelve and thirteen year»
of age; Kiopstock began bis “Mes
siah” at seventeen, and thus might
be cited a much longer list of illus
trations of the mature development
of authors at tender ages.
_______
AGRICULTURAL.
A practial poultry raiser—one
who raises poultry for profit, not fan
cy-says thatua well-managed poul
try business should pay 100 per
eewt yearly on all the capital invest
ed lu it" •
The preference for either white or
yellow eon if wholly a matter of
taste. Yellow eora has geaeraUv
rather more oil, tad is preferable
for fhtteaiug, while whits corn-meal
is batter for working horses ami

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