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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, February 18, 1887, Image 1

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Voi. 111., N. 7. CHARLESTOWN. JEFFERSON COUNTY. W. VA., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 18. 1887- Price 3 Cents
“1 have iw*«l Simm.»ns Liver Roa
ulalor :<>r n ony years, having linwTo
it m,v • nlv Family Medicine. My
mother before me waa partial to it.
It is a safe, good and reliable modi*
vine for anv disorder of tho system,
and if used in time is a great pre
ventive of sickness. I often recom
mend it to my friends, and shall
continue to do so.
“ltev. James M. Rollins,
“Pastor M. K.Church, So. Fairttold,V«u”
by always keeping Simmons Liver
Regulator in the house.
“I have found Simmons Liver Reg
ulator the best family medicine I
ever used for anything that may hap
pen; have ii'-eii it in Indigestion,
Colic, Dia.Thcea, Biliousness, and
found it to relieve immediately.
Alter eating a hearty supper, if, on
going to Ited, 1 take al*out a lea
s|wH>iiful, 1 never feel the eAeeteof
the supper eaten.
“Kx-Mayor, Macon, (»e.“
has our /. Stamp In red on frontof Wrap
j. H. ZeiliB ft Co., Pfeilt'klpbu. Pi,
■ I I
"Ma\ ax\ts,
W\te,^ $»
&V\&. A\\ SK«-w*«s
(wwsek Votvv
Career cf the Tongue.
*;. vi.V. som* three or four year* ago. waa two
U'd with aa 11> or on the side of her tongue :®<**
fce throat. The p*u> was lacesaant, eansing lose
rf steep an*! producing treat oervou« »roetT»UoUL
\ccomr auyudf tme tnwohle was rhcnniattan. It
!ud paawd ! om »he ahoulicni hud centered lnthe
wrutof. tie band, she allow* loelugtteweoft*.
Bet we a the c&ffcrtng of the two, life had grown
SSSHS. X «•»* of » **«"»«*
m» ««»• a“ TnsmSSmu^
Sparta, Qa., June 5,1S36.
Treatise on Blood andSkin Disease* ma^ledf
Thb >wtFT SFtscino Co , Drawer 3, Atlanta, Ua.
**T\V. 23d St., N. Y.
preparation of mors
than One Hundred
application* foe patent* in
__ d State* and Foreign coun
tries. the publisher* of the Scientific
American continue to act a* solicitors
, for patent*, csvcataJlrads-msHta. copy
_ right*, etc.. f«»r the United State*, end
to obtain patsota in Canada, England. Francs,
Germany, and all otbsr countries Their experi
ence i* unequaled and their facilities am unsur
passed. . , ,
Drawings and specification* prepared and filed
in th# Patent Ofllce on short notice. Terms very
reasonable. No charge for examination of models
or drawing*. Advice hy mail free.
Patent* obtained through SiunnAl’o ar#not iced
the 1 arg-at circulation and is th* most influential
newspaper of it* kind published in the world.
Tbs advantages of such s notice every patents*
This large and splendidly illustrated newspaper
Is published WEEKLY at *3.30 a year, and is
admitted to be th« beet paper devoted to ecience,
mechanics, invention*, engineering works, and
other departments of industrial progress, pub
lished in any country. It contains the name* of
sil patentees and title of every invention patented
evn week. Try it four months for on# dollar,
boid by all newsdealers.
If you have an invention to patent writs t*
Minn A Co., publishers of Scisatifi* American,
361 Broadway. Sow York.
Handbook about patent* mailed free.
tnriwrm Lippi\forrs urpiworrs
all other Magazines
— In Tales of Fiction A New Departure
— poems of Interest ———————
— piegoing Short Stories
— Interesting Miscellany 25 Ct9.
” H0,es of Progress ——
nearly — Choice Selections
•auO “■ Or'£n*1 Contributions
pages in each issue *“ Xopic* °f *bc Time*
•• X'rse Gems
A Complete New Novel “ ’ SuPerl»t‘Te Merit
By soa« farsnte author is mi *o. “
Giving a library of 12 new and valuable works, worth
from <15.00 to $18.00 annually, at the nominal sum
of 25 cents per month. Subscriptiontj.oo yearly.
Stories by John Habberton, Frances Hodgson Bur- |
nett, Julian Hawthorne. Lucy C Lillie, etc., etc., j
will appear in early issues
Circulars, giving details, etc., mailed on application
715 and 717 Market St., Philadelphia
Charlestown. Jefferson County, W. V«.,
Offers bargains in Kan:,^Manufactories,
Mills, Stores, Town property ami Im
proved Agricultural and Timlier land.
Has Exchanges to offer in several of the
States. Member of Severn 1 city co-opor
utivn Immigrant associations. Huy* and
sells at contract rates. sept.IS.*86.
LORD & THOMAS, Advertising, 45 to )
49 Randolph St.. Chicago, keep this paper on fl^e
and arc authorized to a ntfCDTiCCSlQ
hake contracts v>l?h AUvCn I MClcCl
What Nature Makes for the French,Man
Makes for Americans.
Philadelphia Record.
“It is a fact that cant be denied,”
said a New York wholesale grocer
to a New York Sun reporter, “that
there are very few imported sardines,
and consequently very few sardines
at all, sold in the United States
nowadays, and yet one consumer in
a thousand docs not know the differ
ence, so nearly do the fish that are
sold for sardines approach the gen
uine both in appearance and taste.
Nine-tenths of our sardines come
from Maine. There are in Eastport
alone over twenty places where they
manufacture sardines, and there are
a dozen others at Jonesport, Lubec
and other towns.
“The business began in 1876, and
was started by some New Yorkers
who went to Eastport, and at first
did quite a business in packing
small herring in peculiar looking
little wooden kegs in a pickle of
spices. These herring were placed
in the market as ‘Russian Herring,’
and I can remember when the cheap
and fraudulent fish was on the bills
of fare or the swell restaurants of
New York as the highest-priced
relish they served. These enterpris
ing New Yorkers made money fast
in their Maine venture, but they be
lieved there was more still in model
ing the herring upon French sar*
Uines. auuougu some surewu 1 an
kees had experimented extensively
and spent much money in trying to
make the venture practical some
years before. It had been found
easy to cook the little Osh, pack
them in olive oil in imitation sar
dine cans, and give them the appear
ance of genuine imported sardines.
But when they came to be eaten the
fraud was palpable. The rich,spicy
flavor of the French sardine was not
there, but only the unmistakable
taste of the native herring. The
Yankees could not discover any
means by which the herring taste
could be eradicated, and the sardine
business was pronounced a failure;
but our smart New Yorkers, after a
few experiments, hit upon a mixture
of oils and spices for a packing i
sauce which made a sardine of a
herring in a twinkling, and a gigan
tic industry’ has sprung from the
simple discovery. Not only arc sar
dines made from common herring
now, but from sea trout, a fish called
a mjranee and several other finny
species, all herring of lesser or
greater growth.
“The herring of which sardines
are made are never over four inches
long, and the catching of the fish
keeps hundreds of people busy’ along
the coasts of Maine and New Bruns
wick. The herring go in shoals like
mackerel, and the price received for
them is governed entirely by’ the
condition of the fisheries. Some
times the fish swarm along the
coasts, and hauls are made with un
varying success. Then the fisher
man can expect no more than $5 a
hogshead for his herring. Again,
his nets may be but poorly patron
ized, and he has his recompense in
a higher price, frequently obtaining
$15 and $20 a hogshead. These
big prices are generally obtained
early in the spring.
“The herring are thoroughly
washed after being cleaned and arc
then placed in pickle for an hour.
Taken from the pickle, they’ are laid
on trays and placed in a drying
room heated to a high temperature
by steam. When dry the fish are
boiled in large shallow pans filled
with oil, the fish being thoroughly
cooked in the oil. brifls ana women
then pack the herring in the tin
boxes in which they are placed in
the market. The sauce discovered
by the enterprising New Yorker,
which is a patented article, is pour
ed into the boxes, which are handed
over to men who solder on the cov
ers. To remove the air which is
sealed in with the fish, and which
must be taken out to insure the pre
servation of the sardines, the boxes
arc placed in a tank of boiling water
for half an hour. On being removed
they are placed on an inclined plane.
The air inside is then driven to one
corner; a workman punctures that
corner with an awl; the hot air es
capes, and the awl hole is immedi
ately covered with a drop of solder,
anti the box is air-light. The box
then receives its French label, bear
ing the inscription,‘a 1’hnille d’olive.’
The ‘huille d’olive* is made from
cotton seed in South Carolina, and
isn’t the best quality of that, either;
not by a good deal. There is a class
of these Maine sardines, however,
known as prime, which arc preserv
ed in the best cotton-seed oil.
“New York is the great wholesale
center for these Yankee sardines.
Some idea of the magnitude of the
business may be obtained when I tell
yon that one factory alone in Lubec,
and there are others that are doing
as big a business, made and sold
nearly 2,000,000 boxes of sardines
last year, to say nothing of sea trout
and other brands of transformed
herring. The manufacturers or
packers make a clear profit of six
cents a box, the factory price being
about 11 cents a box. These same
sardines are retailed every day for
40 cents a box, and you will pay
half a dollar for a box if you order
sardines at your restaurant in New
York." ^
Milk Which Completed Its Journey to
Butter in Just Two Hours.
Chicago Times.
As illustrating the possibilities in
the dairy since inventive genius has
been called in to help the dairyman.
Prof. G. H. Whitcher, of the New
Hampshire Agricultural college,
gives the following account of an ex
periment recently made there: “Since
the establishment of the creamery
at Hanover it had frequently occur
red to me that the morning’s milk
might be transformed into butter for
the breakfast-table the same morn
ing, and on a recent Saturday it was
decided to try the experiment. At
4:30 a. m. the help at the college farm
were in readiness to commence milk
ing, and at 5 o’clock the sixty pounds
of warm new milk were on the scales
at the creamery, which is located
some sixty rods away. At 5:15
steam was turned on and the engines
were set in motion—the innchincrv
which was to do in ten minutes what
nature demanded five hours to com
plete. Five minutes later the sepa
rator was at its full speed of eight
thousand revolutions per minute,
and the milk was turned on; ten
minutes later forty-five pounds of
perfectly sweet skim milk aud fifteen
pounus oi equally swcvi ticoui
the existing representatives of the
original sixty pounds of milk. At
5:45 the cream, cooled to 56 degrees,
was in the small test churn; at 6:20
the butter had parted company with
the buttermilk and was ready for
the salt; at 6:50 it had assumed the
form of one-fourth pound prints; in
ten minutes more it was on the
breakfast table at the college farm
house, thus completing the journey
from milk to butter in just two hours,
and only two and a-half hours from
the time that milking was com
menced. It may seem a little unac
countable to those who have never
given any thought to the subject of
mechanteal separation of cream ttnrr
butter from the morning’s milk may
contribute toward the completion of
the breakfast of the same day,
scarcely two hours after it is milked,
yet such is the result of our trial,
and such is the triumph of inventive
genius over the plodding ways of
Father Time. By the old-time
methods from 36 to 48 hours inter
vened between inilklug and churn
ing, and by the cold setting in pat
ent cans only a part of the cream
can be obtained in three hours,
while the average time is 24 hours,
but with the new system all the
cream is obtained from 100 pounds
of milk in from eight to ten minutes.
A. W. Hawks, in Ballo. Weekly
Young man, we want to talk to
you ab »ut three minutes about those
two words.
The}- spell success.
You are probably aware of the fact
It is not birth, nor blood, nor clan,
But the get up and get that makes tho
Any fool can start at the top of a
ladder and fall to the bottom.
But pluck and push will help the
wise man to climb step by step to
the top of the ladder and stay there.
Pluck is luck.
Pluck is taking advantage of
Lives of great men nil remind us
Wo can make our lives sublime,
And with pluck and push to help us,
We can get there every time.
Have you chosen business?
Have the pluck to stick to it
through thick and thin.
And push it.
If you have no trade—no occupa
tion—take the advice of a bald head
ed man and get one quick.
Better drive a garbage cart than
Pluck docs not stand around on
the stree corners.
Push don’t watch the want column
until something comes -along that
j ust suits.
Want may come first.
Pluck is not looking for a position
as son-in-law to some rich man.
Push is no rich wife’s slave.
Tie on to this team.
Hitch them up right in front—
handle the lines judiciously—keep
them down to the work-keep
inching, and if you don't win tho
race you will at least get your share
of the gate money.
According to the new directory of
the iron and steel works in the Uni
ted States, published recently by
the American Iron and Steel Asso
ciation, there are at present in the
United States 423 rolling-mills and
steel works completed and thirteen
in course of building, a slight de
crease from the number of 1884.
The annual capacity of the rolling
mills in finished iron and steel is
7,613,000 net tons.
Interesting Remarks of Cold Short_The
LsBelle Venture.
•‘Cold Short” in St. Louis Age of Steel.
Fifty odd years ago the salt mak
ers of the Kanawha Valley, W. Va.,
were aunoyed by the presence of gas.
Failing in attempts to shut it off
they at last used it for spurting the
salt water out from the well and as
fuel under the evaporating pans.
This supply never failed to give sat
isfaction as long as the salt wells
were operated. For oyer thirty years
carbon black bas been made in the
neighborhood of New Cumberland, W.
Va.,from the deposit of this gas. And
what is singular in this instance is,
that for years this process was car
ried on by a company ou a capital
of $50,000 and a regolar profit of 25
per cent, dividend, and within a
stone's throw of this factory fire
brick establishments were paying
for cord wood to burn their brick,
never suspecting that this natural
fuel could be utilized. Fifty years
ago natural gas was utilized for
heating and illuminating purposes
in Port Jervis, N. Y, and the sup
ply has continued op to this time
without sensible diminution. Wells
iu Western Virginia,Northern Penn
sylvania and Southern Ohio have
been giving forth gas for the past
fifteen years. This has been stead
ily utilized for at least ten years,
and the supply is ns strong to-day as
when first used.
There are several wells in this val
ley, one near Pittsburgh, one near
Marietta Ohio, which, have been
flowing for the past ten years. These
are utilized and they are us prolific
sources of supply as when first used.
In Erie county, Pa., St. Mary’s col
lege has been supplied with gas by
one well for five years, heating their
large building perfectly and without
apparent irregularity or decrease of
power. In the same locality
several large houses have been
lighted and heated for eleven years
by one well, and tha grounds con
nected with them Have also been
lighted by it, the jeflB never being
extinguished and the supply seems
to be inexhaustible, or rather to be
generated as fast as it is drawn o(T.
These instances will serve to assure
some doubting Thomases. One of
the strongest evidences that the bur
den of sentiment is in favor of its
permanency is that Eastern capital,
which is not considered obtuse, or
neglectful in investing securities,
lias been and is especially active in
making very heavy investments in
quest of it and in making a very
costly business of supplying it to
communities when found.
The La Belle Nail Company, of
Wheeling, are the first who have de
cided that it is a wholesome idea to
diverge from timeworn paths and
seek a new and shorter route to the
goal. They have determined to
adopt the Lautli method and have
contracted for a new mill, which in
cludes the 24-inch Lautli throe high
plate train. The train will have i wo
rapid-working steam lilts, one ol
which will raise the billet from the
lower to the upper roll at the rate of
sixteen passes in thirty seconds.
The other will raise the small mid
dle roll at the same rate of speed,up
and down against the upper and
lower rolls, as the billet passes cross
wise between the bottom and middle
and top and middle rolls alternately,
.in being widened to the 13 inches to
which it is made, preliminary to the
three final passes lengthwise, which
is given to finish it. The top screw
of the housings will be operated by
power. Discussing mis progressive
divergence on the partof the La ltclle
brings up another movement they on
tered into lately, which has occasion
ed considerable comment, and is not
generally understood. Basing their
action on their change of method,
mentioned above, which necessitates
radical changes in machinery as well
as a radical reduction in cost of pro
duction, they entered into an agree
ment with flteir opeatives to pay
them the Amalgamated prices. They
have some thousands of tons of steel
slabs and plate which cau neither be
profitably carried in stock nor dis
posed of, and as their new method
does away entirely with the use of
slabs and pig prudent business meth
ods and good judgment counsel '.hem
to work them up. They signed no
8oale,but merely made an agreement
with a number of Nimperatives, of
whom it might be remarked that
they were raised in the La Belle
mill, many of them the sons of orig
inal stockholders.
London Daily News.
We are all familiar with the white,
blue and red ensigns, and with the
Union Jack which occupies the up
per quarter nearest the flagstaff.
The white ensign has the red cross
of St. George in addition to the
Union Jack. Without the Jack this
white ensign with a red cross repre
sents our old national dag as it ex
isted from the time of Richard until
the death of Elizabeth. This red
cross flag, the banner of St. George,
appears to have been chosen by the
Soldier King in honor of the saint
who was the patron of soldiers. It
remained for more than 400 years
the flag under which the English
warriors fought on land and on sea.
When James VI of Scotland suc
ceeded Elizabeth the Scotch bad a
national flag. That also was a
cross, but it was shaped differently
from that of St. George, and was
known as the cross of St Andrew.
The ground of the Scotch flag was
blue, and its cross was white. To
mark the union of the two King
doms under one Sovereign the na
| tional banner underwent a change,
although Scotland still retained its
separate Parliament. In the new
1 flag the two banners of Scotland and
England were united. There ap
peared in it the oblique white cross
of St. Andrew on a blue ground, and
the red cross of St. George on a
white margin, worked in the blue
field. The King was accustomed to
sign his name in the French form of
James, “Jacques.” He was, in fact,
the Union Jacques, or, as we im
properly pronounce it, Jack. For
local purposes the Scotch still con
tinued to use the white St. Andrew’s
cross on the blue field, and the Eng
1 lish the red cross on the white field.
It was stated by royal proclamation
in 1G06 that “whereas some differ
ence hath arisen between our sub
jects of South and North Britain,
traveling by seas, about the bearing
of their flags, for the avoiding of all
such contentions hereafter, we have,
with the advice of our Council, or
dered that from henceforth all our
subjects oi tuis isle ana tne King
dom of Great Britain, and the mem
bers thereof, shall bear in their
maintop the Red Cross, commonly
called St. George’s Cross, and the
White Cross, commonly called St.
Andrew’s Cross, joined together,and
j in their foretop our subjects of South
Britain shall wear the Red Cross
only, as they were wont; and our
subjects of North Britain in their
foretop the White Cross only, as
thejr were accustomed.” In 1707,
when the Scotch and English Leg
islatures were united, the distinctive
flags ceased to be used and the united
flags as arranged in 1G06 became
the single ensign of the United
Kingdom. It was the sovereign
that made the union and established
the national flag, ami an cstablish
; ment of distinct Legislatures again
would not alter the flag Ireland
would take presumably for its local
ensign the red cross of St. Patrick.
This Irish banner ought to have ap
peared in the Union flag of 1606,
but it did not.
Medical News.
It is said their if now being built
in Washington, I) a *»ewer which
is larger l»v seven leet than any
other sewer in the world. In its
smallest part it is largar than the
largest of the sewers in Paris. For
over 2,000 feet it is a ciicular sewer
of 22 feet in diameter. There is con
nected with it a sewer of 5,000 feet
or nearly one mile in length, of 20
feet in diameter. A fully equipped
palace car, locomotive and all,could
lie run through it without difficulty.
This enormous sewer is intended to
drain the immense water shed lying
to the north of the city. Besides
that it will carry to the eastern
branch of the Potomac all the con
tents of the sinai !i;; system of sewers
in the northern part of the city. It
will take probably a year to complete
the work. The Boundary street
sewer, with iis eonuectimr systems,
wili cost when coinplt ted « v r t;7u0,
European papers recently received
state that a Frenchman named
Garre has discoved a new method of
reading character. He does not ex
amine the “bumps” on the head. the
contour of the features or the lines
of the hand. He looks at the dis
carded boot, shoe or slipper last
worn by the individual whose char
acter is to be delineated. He d< sig
naled the result or his investiga
tions as “scrapology,” a word not
found in any dictionary, but which
conveys its own signification. Many
persons declare that he is able to
delineate character by means of an
old shoe in a manner that is |»er
fectly surprising.
Bed-clothing manufactured from
paper pulp, strengthened with twine,
is one of the latest novelties.
There is an artesian well 1,000
feet deep in Aberdeen, Neb., that
throws oat numbers of fish that look
like the ordinary brook minnow.
A German engineer, named Hen
kels, has invented a ventilating win
dow-pane which admits fresh air
while preventing a drought Each
square metre of glass contains 5,000
holes which are of a conical shape
widening toward the inside. The
new device has already been adopt
ed by many of the German hospitals.
Albany Evening Journal.
The body of George Washington
is resting in a brick vault at Mount
Vernon, in a marble coffin.
John Adams vrss buried in a vault
beneath the Unitarian church at
Quincy. The tomb it walled in
with large blocks of rough-faced
John Qnincy Adams lies in the
same vault by the side of his father.
In the church above, on eitber side
of the pulpit, are tablets of clouded
marble, each surmounted by a bust,
and inscribed with the familiar epi
taphs, of the only father and son
that ever held the highest office in
the gift of the American people.
Thomas Jefferson lies in a small,
unpretentions private cemeteiy of
one hundred feet square, at Monti
James Madison’s remains rest in
a beautiful spot on the old Madison
estate, near Orange, Va.
James Monroe’s body reposes in
Hollywood cemetery, Va., on an em
inence commanding a beautiful view
of Richmond and the James river.
Above the body is a huge block of
polished Virginia marble, support
ing a coffin-shaped block of granite, i
on which are brass plates, suitably
inscribed. The whole is surrounded
by a sort of gothic temple—four
pillars supporting a peaked roof, to
which something of the appearance
of a bird cage is imparted by filling
in the instertices with iron gratings.
Andrew Jackson was buried in
the corner of the garden of the Her
mitage, eleven miles from Nashville.
The tomb is about eighteen feet in
diameter, surrounded by fluted col
umns and surmounted by an urn.
The tomb is surrounded by magnolia
Martin Van Burcn was buried at
Kinderhook. The monument is a
plain granite shaft fifteen feet high.
John Tyler’s body rests within
ten yards of that of James Monroe,
iu Hollywood cemetery, Richmond.
It ia marked by no monument, but
is surrounded by magnolias and
James K. Folk lies in the private
garden of the family, in Nashville,
Tenn. It is marked by a limestone
monument, with Doric columns.
Zachary Taylor was buried in
Cave Hill, cemetery, Louisville. The
body was subsequently to be remov
ed to Frankfort, where a suitable
monument was to Ire erected, com
memorative of his distinguished
Millard Fillmore’* remains lie in
the beautiful Forest Lawn cemetery,
of Buffalo, and his grave is sur
mounted by a lofty shaft of Scotch
Franklin Fierce was buried in the
Concord, New Hampshire, cemetery,
and his grave i9 marked by a mar
ble monument.
James Buchanan's remains lie in
the Woodward Hill cemetery, at
Lancaster, Fa., in a vault of mason
ry. The monument is composed
of a single block of Italian marble.
Abraham Lincoln rests in Oak
Ridge cemetery, Springfield, Ills.,
enlcosed in a sarcophagus of white
marble. The monument is a great
pile of marble, granite and bronze.
Andrew Johnson,s grave is on a
cone shaped eminence, half a mile
from Greenville, Tenn. The monu
ment is of marble beautifully orna
The body of James A. Garfield
has been placed in a tomb at Cleve
land. _ _
Taunted by Comrades for Showing the
White Feather, He Mounts the
Breastworks and Shoots
Seventy-Two Federal*.
In Company E, of l be Thirty-first
Louisiana, there was :t man named
Green. The Imys went into service
in the spring of ’02, and for some
time had very little to do. Green
goon made himself one of I he most
popular men in camp. He whs *ome
thing of a humorist and his iai< nts
as a story teller made him always
When the Thirty-first sniffed gun
powder for the first time, Green
turned np missing. He had a fit
and was unable to handle a gun. In
the second engagement the poor fel- j
low had a spasm and was again kept
away from the front. The soldiers
begun to have their suspicion!, and
when their unfortunate comrade fell
a victim to rheumatism on the eve
of another fight, they spoke ont in
pretty plain terms.
Green was so deviled by the boys
that he was driven nearly crazy.
Just about that time there waa a call
for volunteers to go np the Yazoo
river on a gunboat expedition. To
the surprise of all the chronic inva
lid volunteered. The expedition
lasted about six weeks and no fight
ing occurred. Green, however,
swelled with pride at the thought of
hia soldierly condoct, and bragged
so lustily that his companions nick
named him “Gunboat Green.” By
degrees it began to dawn on hi.u
that he was the butt of the regiment,
and then he became sulky and disa
But the time came when the gal
lant Louisianians had something
more important to think of than
“Gunboat Green.” They were drive.i
into the “bull-pen” at Vicksburg bv
Grant's swarming legions, and every
soldier had to do his duty like a
little man. The corps to which
Green belonged was stationed be
hind a crescent-ahupcd breastwork
seven miles in length. The land in
front for sdme distance was level,
and then sloped down a ravine and
up a steep hill. The timber had nil
been cut down, so there was a clean
One afternoon the Federate charg
ed the breastworks. They place l
i their sharpshooters on the hill t*
pick off the Confederates when they
showed their heads. The Federate
charged in four columns, four deep.
The Confederates remained in the
pits four deep, and held their lire
until the Federate were within sixty
yards. Then the front rank open
ed fire and fell back, and the second,
and so on, until every gun Imd been
emptied with terrible execution.
Finally, the assaulting party fell
back behind the timber that had
been cut down, tp await the coining
of night. In this positon they wore
protected except from the top of die
breastworks, and the Confederates
would not take that exposed posi
tion on account of the sharpshoot
At this juncture an event oi 11 •
most unexpected and ‘ paralyzing
nature occurred. Down in the pits
a crowd of rough fellows were tor
menting “Gunboat Green.” One
man told him that he was looking
rather pale, and advised him to go
to the hospital.
“Never mind about my looks,”
said Green, “1 have a presenting :i»
that I am going to be killed.”
“By a nervous shock,” suggested
a corporal, and then there was a
The object of this ridicule grittrd
his teeth and his eyes Hashed fire.
“I ii swear, boys,” said one of tin*
company, “that if a bullet is found
in ‘Gunboat Green’ after bis death
it will be one that was swallowed.”
Stung beyond endurance by then*!
taunts Green seized his musket an I
ran at full spew! until he reache I
the top of the breastworks. Here
he had the Federal* behind the fall
en timber in full view and easy
range. For a moment both armic t
looked on in breahless wonder. On
that seven-mile line of breastworks
Green was the only man to be seen.
Then the sharpshooters commenced
firing at him. With a white face,
blazing eyes, and nerves stretchy :
to their utmost tension he took ni .1
and fired. Time and again he re
loaded and pulled trigger, each time
hitting his man. By this time tin;
sharpshooters were firing a thousand
shots per minute at. him. Some
of the Confederate* begged him to
come down, but an officer said;
“Let the blanked fool alone; they
can’t hit him.”
The men in the pits threw up a
lot of cartridges, and Green contin
ued to Are at regular intervals. Bul
lets flew past him as thick ns hail,
but not a hair of his head wo*
harmed. Fiually, the brigade that
be was slaughtering in this merci
less fashion could stand it no longer.
They broke and ran up the bill, los
ing several more on the way up un
der the fire of the solitary soldier on
the breaswork*.
‘ Gunboat Green” was llie hero of
the hour. Officers and privates surg
ed around him shaking him by the
hand and applauding his braver)'.
Just before dark the Federate retired,
and a party of I/misianians wentout
to look at the result of Green’s
bloody markmanship. It was found
by actual count that his musket had
killed sevcnly-two Fe krais. Gr*-en
insisted that he had killed ninety,
but it is thought that some of them
were only wounded, and their friends
had dragged them off. About tho
seventy-two dead men there could Is*
no doubt. Tlicf were there, and .*:*
their bodies lay in a place where was
not a single corpse before Green com
menced firing, it was plain enough
that he had brought them down.
A special report concerning Green
was sent to the commanding General
that night The result would doubt
less have been promotion bat for t .<•
fact that on the following morni ;
“Gunboat Green” was nowhere to ?
found. Later it wts ascertain I
that he had deserted anti join I
Grant’s army. Nothing further w *
ever heard from him.—Exchange.
The largest ship built on th1
Clyde last year is an Oriental steam
er of 6,500 tons.
Wade’s Fiber and Fabric reports
the invention of a machine to sew on
bnttons. It is claimed that it wiii
perform the work of four or five girl <
and will do it better,*because it
never slights iU work, bat puts .i i
jnst the number of stitches it <
ganged for. It will sew on button •
with two or four holes equally well,
and at the rate of six per minnt»
with twelve stitches in each.
'1. ^ , <S!
I '.Ui ' jdi_-i_A_-*•- • *

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