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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, March 04, 1887, Image 1

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Vol. 111., No. 9. JEFFERSON COUNTY. W. VA., FRIDAY. MARCH 4. 1887.
Unfailing Specific for Lifer Disease.
irjT.V p, Bitter ;>r bad tasto in
uli»lfidl:!«Ji mouth; tongue coated
white or covered with hrown fur; pain in
*\.» hack, sides. t»r joints—often mistaken
for Kheu.iiatisio gtomitek; loMo/up
peiitc;aometimes nausea and waterbrash
or indigestion; lh.talenoy and acid erue
tatious; bowels alternately costite .»ud
lax; hv adacho; 1 -s of eiuorv. with a
paiufnl sensation of having failed to do
s one thing which ought to have been
done; debility; 1 .w spirits; a thick,
yellow appe- ra*ioo of the skin and eyes;
: «Ay cough; fever; restlessness; the
tirino is scanty and high colored, and, if
allow©*! t * stand, deposits a sediment.
SIMMONS LIVER REGULATOR
(rritELY VEGETABLEj
Is generally used in the South to arotiso
th Tor: : i Liver to a healthy a tion.
It i. ;s with extraordiuarv eflleaev on
tb*>
Liver,
Kidneys,
and Bowels.
A t effectual Spx«ifle for
M.iluri-. Bowel Complaints.
Dys;>.. i -. Sick Hemluciio*
Co;i'>t:p*,,'on. Billiousnen#,
A,, to • v Aft-iciio .t, Jaundio?,
M vital D >.•>.■• o .-.ien, Colic.
Endorse! by the use of 7 Millions of Bot
IDE BEST FAMILY MEDICINE
tV.r f? ;J, 1 r . :Vr Adults, and for the
Aged.
BLACK WOLF!
Or Black Leprosy. is a di*en»e which is considered
Incurable, but it"!, n yielded to the curative prop
erties of Swift s Srcr-tric—now known all over
the world as S. S. S. Mrs. Bailey, of West Somer
ville, Mas*., near llc*t on,was at tacked several y ears
ago with this bideoiis black eruption, andwastreat
ed by the best medical talent, who could onlr sar
that the «ti a*o V. u « of LEPROSY
and consequent fy incurable. It i* impossible to de
scribe her sufferings. Her body from the crown of
her head to the s- s of her feet was a mass of de
cay, the flesh rot unroll and leaving great cavities,
der finaers festered and several nails dropped otf
at one time. Her limbs contracted by the fearful
jlceration, and for rears she did not leave her bed.
Her weight was reduced from 133 to CO lbs. Sot’s
faint idea of her condition can bo glean.d from
tne fact that three pounds of t/osinoliae or oint
ment were used per week in dressing her tores.
Finally the physicians acknowledged their defeat
by this Black Wolf, and commended the sufferer
to her all wise Creator.
Her husband hearing wonderful reports of Swift t
Specific (S S. S ). prevailed ca her to try it as a
la»t resort. She fc> an its uso under protest, but
aooa found that her system was being relieved of
the j oi-' U. as t he ser- * assumed a red and healthy
color, a* tm h the ble<d was becoming pure and
active. l!:s. 11.1..H y rout limed the S. S. b. until last
Febru.v ; tv. ry r e a a healed; *he discarded
chajauticr.:’. ; aatl was for the first time in li
years a v. ell u< :u..i Her hnsband, Mr. C. A. Bai
ler, is in b’t ‘.i: -s :it 1 -i li iekstone Street. Bos
ton, and wM.1.3) a. ■•'in git ing tha detail* ol
t i v. t’.< ;l c t.li> u* for Treat iso o*
1> uod aad Skm Ia-** A*t->, loaded free.
Ins S'nrr Si fine Co.. Drawer 3. At!an»* G*
fe , *-lm
After Forty ysars*
nr«n<iM ia Us
Thousand anpltaatleas fw »a»ssia ia
the L'aivsd fdsiM sad ftrtui aona
pabl .»a«r» of Us MnilM
coatinn* So sot ss s«li*ilor*
H'Hll. IlltADuU tOPI
for th* Catted FUtss. sad
«•> OL-.A in-.us. Ingljad. Fran**,
Herat.. eaiantna# ia sir *ip*ri
.»-« ia ihsir f»si’.itiea ara ansae
V Iirasi-.js and spaciflcatloas prepared and Iliad
ia Uo Talent OCSoeon short notics. Tanaa vary
i«iv>iibiB. No thargo for •xamiaalioa of OKOCtla
or drswiaps Advise by mail free _
Pmss oh t»- n vd t uroaah ktnooaCo.arenoticed
laths IClimFIC AM*IUCA3Uwhich hen
»t a srgaat sircu.avion and ia tha moat influential
> awspapar of its kind pnbliahad in tha world.
Tha *4 -vat>|u of auch a notice ovary pataataa
understands _ ... ... _ _
This large and splendidly i.lnalratad newspaper
Is pnblsaed WEKELY at *S.» * year. and ia
admitted ta ba tba bast papar devoted to eeience,
mechanise, Inventions, sBgtnsenog worka, and
othsr dapartmanta of Industrial progress, puo
liaoad is a-i/ country. It contain# tba naaaa of
ail patantava and titla of a vary i n vantion pataataa
etch we*k. Try it four mo a tha for ona dollar.
Su’d by all newsdealers.
If wo* bava an Invention to patent writ# ta
kin-in A Co., publisher* at ScianUflo Ameneaa,
Ml Broadway. Raw York.
Uasa seok a boat patents mailed fro*.
ITOfMTS" LlfflSCMTS- UlfHCWTJ
T.rads all ether Magazine*
-= lo Tale* of Fiction A New Departure
•• poems of Interest - ——.
*-» pleasing Short Storios
“ Interesting Miscellany 25 Ct*.
— lfotes of Progress ———
nbably “Choice Selections
‘AdO "• Original Contributions
»a«n in sacm tssu* «• T0!*”* °* ,he Tunas
«“ ferae Gems
A Complete New Novel — ’ Superlative Mari*
By taett favsnis aatkor is aii S*. “
Giving a library of ia new and valuable works, worth
ftem ftyoo lo J1S.00 annually, al the nominal sum
of tv cents per month Subscription, *3.00 yearly.
Stories by j. hn H .bberton, Frances Hodgson Bur
nett, Julian Hawthorne, Lucy C Lillie, etc., etc.,
will appear in catly issues
Circulars, giving details, etc., mailed on application
J. B. L1PPINCOTT COMPANY
713 and 717 Market St., Philadelphia
REAL ESTATE AGENCV,
■V. JsZ. FIROR,
Charlestown, Jefferson County, W. V*.,
Offers bargains in I’arms.Manufactories,
Mills. Stores, Town property and Im
proved Agricultural and Timber land.
Has Exchanges to offer in several of the
States Member of several citvco-oper
alive Immigrant associations. Buvs and
•ells at contract rates. ! sept.18,’85.
FRESH STONE LIME,
Sold by T. P. LIPPITT
RICH MEN OF MONTANA.
HOW THEY ACQUIRED WEALTH.
' Early Experiences and Political Aspira
tions of Millionaire Clark—Fortunes
of Gov. Hauser, Sam Broadwater
and Tommy Cruse.
New York Star.
Recent advices from Montana hare
not been very encouraging to those
contemplating emigration to the big
territory. It has been alleged by
men who were in a position to know
that the present low prices quoted
for silver and copper have • knocked
the bottom” out of Butte City and
other mining camps, and persons in
terested in stock-raising Ira unlearned
that sonic of Montana’s cattle kings
are seeking pastures new for their
herds. “Don’t believe all you hear
about Montana or any other remote
terrtory until you have thoroughly
investigated the report3 and discov
ered the motives which prompt their
circulation,” said a hotel* visitor
yesterday. “While it is true that
Montana is not as prosperous as it
was several years ago, it is still the
most inviting of the Rocky mountain
territories. It retains all the ele
ments upon which its advancement
was built, and the causes for the
present depression in business of all
sorts can be removed. Butte City is
no longer the booming camp it was
a couple of years ago, but it retains
the principal factors of its phenome
nal progress—mineral and men.
Two or three 01 Butte’s big mines
have been closed, bill uot perms
nentlv.
“The Anaconda company, employ
ing at least 3.5(H) men, suspeadc 1
operations because it found that it
could not pay high wages for the
extraction of silver and copper ore*
while the market price for those met
als remains at its present low stand
ard. The workmen would not accept
a reduction in wages, and the compa
nv followed the only course left open
to it Its example was imitated by
several smaller concerns, an 1 BgUe
was placed under the cloud wjj £h
is cow resting upon it. But the! fen
who built Butte arc not of the t,t!n
pernmcu» to remain inactive whtt1^
there is work to be done. It is safe
to presume that ways and means for
a resumption of work throughout
the camp are being discussed, *nd
it is safer to predict that before the
end of the year the problem of
Butte’s prostration will be solved
and the cause removed. There *’•
millions and millionaires yd to in*
made in Montana/'
“Montana has beta rather prolift •
j of ‘mushroom millionaires,' has it
not?”
“Not exactly prolific, but it has
manufactured several of them. The
wealthy men of Montana are, with
out exception, self made, but they
are not as numeroirs as is generally
supposed. Montana’s millionaires
can be counted uirnn the lingers of
one hand, and uouc of them jumped
from poverty to affluence in a day or
in a year. Their ascension to great
wealth has been slow.
| “The wealthiest man in Montana
! is W. A. Clark of Butte. It is csti
| mated that he clean up from four to
J five millions, and he is constantly
increasing the pile. He has taken
every dollar of it out of the ground.
Twenty-four years ago he accompa
nied llis parents from Virginia to
the wilderness. He was then a nirre
lad, but the accumulative trait was
strongly marked in his character.
He begau bis battle with the world
as clerk in a store at Deer Lodge,
then the only town in the territory.
This store sold everything in the
lino ot miners’ supplies, and in a
short time young Clark became ac
quainted with every gold-hunter in
the territory. The miners intruste 1
their surplus dust to his keeping,
asking for no better security than
his word of honor that it would be
produced when they wanted it. At
the end of a few years Clark was
conducting a store of his own, au 1
his popularity soon drove hi* riv •.!*
into obscurity. In partnership wir'i
K l Larabie, he started the first bank
in the terrify. and it rttin is air.
! flourishes at Deer to-day.
His constant dealings with miii r .
and handling of ort,£! and nv!:*;*
gave Mr. Clark a practical Ur. >ti
edge of mines and minerals that was,
| more valuable than a course of
study in mineralogy would have
been. The funds intrusted to his
bank ho invested wisely and well,
and the success of some ot his ven
tures surprised aud disgusted many
of the veterans in mining who had
backed their judgment and lost in
speculations that held forth greater
premises than young Clark obtain
ed. When quartz mining was com
menced at Butte he was one of the
first men on the ground, and as soon
as he had satisfied himself that
Butte had a future a branch of his
bank was established in the camp.
He purchased prospect holes and
corner lots, and all his purchases
subsequently proved to be trumps.
Now he owns some of the best-pay
ing mines in the district, and the
real estate in his control is the most
desirable in the city. Every import
ant business enterprise in Butte owes
its birth and maintenance to some
j extent to W. A. Clark, and his finger
| is in every mining, mercantile, politi
i cal, or charitable pic baked in » e
j ern Montana. lie is about j years
| of age and has been married several
; wars. In polities he is a Democrat,
I and a hard worker. He spent 1-st
! winter in Washington urging upon
• the administration and Congress
i Montana’s claims to statehood, and
j it is intimated that he has the sena
! torial ooe in Isis bonne:.. He is
I chairman of the territorial, Demo
; cratie committee, and just now is
j conducting'one of the hardest bat
i ties his party ever had in the terri
| tun:...'
“Mr. Cork’s is, with va
riations. thfirrN*r* n majority of the
men who have grown rich in Mon
tana. Gov. Hauser is said to be
I worth a couple of millions, and it
! has tak:n a quarter of s century's
’ hard work to make them for him.
He is n leading spirit in all ’he im
portant business enterprises of the
oust side, and is looked up to as a
parent bv the old timers of the en
tire territory.
••Sam Broadwater of Helena is
another veteran of the frontier. His
pile is sized up at t million r.nd a
half. Railroads are the hobby
which Sr.m is riding, and hrf is rid
ing it to win. Wlu-n the first loco
motive of the Union Pacific snorted
in Butte some eight rr ten year* ajo
Sam was among the j o nce * who
flocked from r!! parts or the territo
ry to start kfc it, and it is s*i«i that
i he fell in hive with it then an i there.
When he returned to iiclcas he lie*
i gan to draw rniiroa is i n paper, and
j now he lias three . f them in full
swing. locomotives tad *11, and. ft. ue
building.
“For many yean, tommy t rui ■
CrQeC delreit «ad dug U Montan*’a
so.il ia * vai* seni*eh for » it
last he found one. It wac the Drum
Lumuioo, near M*! mu, ind aStir
working *t it until it was presents
l*it* to exp* rt inspect bin He a'Id il
for f 1,500,<’00 to x* A*gU>h nyrd;
cate. Tommy ihh-t fed his no*
retired from actual labor, nix fried a
handsome and accomplished your;,;
school ma’am, *tul in iiio 60th yr.-r
settled down to luc enjoyment o»
life.
“A. Davit is pr# «-i lb?
J£u»-‘owri' ->f ; ' *"■'
is sai l that ho lia-i r*-.x • • >; t i**e t**ur
tnillio. milk, but •« .• v ty i • ■di
mate *.;tii «ny i.tgicr of inU;siy
what ho it worth. Mr ;)*'• s m tut?
most; tucitr.rh a::.* in * * •
“Jim Mnrrav o! -r* c i . *.» if.'
entire towt sit?, arf'. r • a ; e
classed with tu** n.dd«> ;•» *. * ■
£ bachelor, &xut has or* ' ■ ■'
than any nr a a in ihe uiMr.rL, \ r.*
mayor of Butte U li. V. Fr..B *. *
liebrovr. lie is a whole ' ; < ■ -
dr ;fr, and has «n interest is ; » ’< J
leading saloons of the tuty. s»p is
another millionaire pro -.pec live.
“There are scores of other u;cu in
| Montana whose wealth will smnedsy
! i,o represented by saved fguis.
They are developing mines into."*
i hills >r breeding cattle on th • plain
So long as there arc p.v, term o .\i
beneath Montana’* surfr.ee 3.1 i r.i ■
; bunch grass above i‘* J**~t • • •
will men accumulate wcaiti!.
| their riches will not i e * ii.;; by
the mushroom process, rlur l r
and a plentitudc of money a rj
qaired to develop r pr< r-peet
into a mine, an.l calf, s <in not h ;
coiae lull-grown steers ia a *.ngle
night."
: IRREPROACHABLE ’.TAT TO
It HOI 1. A STKaa.
First sec that ihe fio i\ ck ,;nd
not too much of it; ■ v s all
t the draughts t . carry oT the
: smoke that is made during Ike ; r »
Jceas of' broiling; then see that the
i .-ridiron i« smooth and tjui-e clean,
1 rub it well with whitin'r or chalk,
lav on your steak Do not pound it,
nor after i i - mi ih** fire stick a l> rk
{ into it, or the juice will escape.
1 Neither salt n<*r pepper if; do that
I or. the dish Throw a lit'.!.' sAt on
• tire/and put o\ t k • s‘< k;
! place the gri ’.iron close on lli * fan ?e
I i r t!»— first ft ~ minutes to <\-irb«*n
j • the surface; then thm i» or a
quickly, to carbonic ■ the otlhM side.
; x C.v li should he exposed to ;; bow
I ; ,• fire. t > do which pi'U.’C two pr-' •
n the’r elr»:s, and rc*St the .i >’»
103 them. TP? sr*v>k shdril!' ■
j crnH and car*. •!<’>. ■ •
j vliea it fe Is r.:thAvIir»n to the-U
' it is rare, and if so ! !:ed it ?!i -nM
! be taken orf, laid on ;« hot dish, on
j .vbich one an l a half ennecs «*f but*
j ter have been me!LeX *ss than one*
j half teaspoonful of salt, r. pinch of
i white pepper and one ten spoon fill of
I chopped parsley, well mixed; lnv
| the steak on one side and then on
! the other. Serve immediately.
--
To Cook a Ham.—Boil the ham
j three or four hours, according to
1 size; then skin the whole and lit it
i for the table; then set in the oven
for half an hour, cover it thickly
with pouuded rusk or bread-crumbs
and setback for hall an hour longer.
Boiled ham is a ways improved by
setting it in an oven for nearly an
hour, till much of the fat drie3 out,
and it also makes it more tender.

t. . ^ *::i ’A
! Editor War Virginia Democrat
—Dear Sir: In of the promi
nence of Hr. D. !£■ Lucas in the
scenes exhibited c» the floor of onr
Legislature this T»nL>r I dear say
that a few sJccticfts from a poena
by Air. Laras, shovfing that side of
his mental make ttjjrnot presented to
the view in his forensic displays
and in his discuwous of public
affairs on the hnst-iqp, would be very
acceptable reading&nattcr to your
many subscribers!! And knowing
the u idespread ctpfculafion of the
•West Virginia Democrat in our
State 1 select it, wUh your permis
sion, r.s thi* media® of presenting
that phase of his nnd to your read
ers which can’t apjwr In the prosaic
a flairs of the court Jof the Legisla
ture or of the hn^fngs, though in
these fields, as witabsUte beautiful
and sublime peroration in bis speech
in behalf of Governor Wilson for
the Senate of the Uliled States, he
is never wanting in! fancy and the
true elements of clcwuence. I take
the following from jf‘The Maid of
Northumberland,” .{dramatic poem
written by Air, Lnfas, which, with
his powers of debail, his knowledge
of law, constitutional, municipal and
international, show! dm to be a man
of a great deal mor > than ordinary
genius. Why not hal e another Ran
dolph in the Senatfof the United
j States? West Virg nia can furnish
! him. Nor is he inf rior to him of
1 Roar, ske, but in mi ay respects his
! superior. Vut to til i selections:
' Tbo leaved »re falling f> the ground,
Tbo Soulliarn ??>■; gjrow pale,
The lurk ?u'gliet3 hi* Rjuir.mer sound,
The thrush fo:.»U hi la!o—
'/he tliiush forgets *w t*d#!
All d « -lately nmte,.thie woods
arntu ou tut re tied |u l-rayer*,
H u-ittfl our bearo* of sylitudwi,
*v vafl, avcaliu a-ubeirr.
Ar vast, :is calm a*' t&rira!
Yfestwir.d made the polished
streams
I w mirror*-, where be glassed;
Hurt i/.-tsiiingdropt her crown of beams
To tempt hsm • : ho paused—
Vo tempt him as >.# passod!
n.-»r,- hr blovi ah in*. lie blows
Po eld thin wintry West,
’ A ' . * T.-oisl-i fold, like yonder wold,
‘ ;ir bloom alpii.f our bs/efit—
« r bloom *T*»dt our breast!
■ r ;••>■* >*1 "W3- a’s |;1C, ho bl<|\VR
r • : -•!, this ti- kl.' T«re*l,
The t o-t uhi close, like yonder ro»»,
Our Moon! ebo-jt our breast—
(inr bhA:;u about utir-breast!
-7-s—
T> # f . * :;-t ro" nrsunfj, to* would **£
test,* ' j. * ^_
fnw-mrrr'w r, ?n»ve?
fil answer;
Grot rv.-.ds; the laonnmantal deeds Of
“i me.
» '■ . • - :<vt shall rivsrbt' forgot;
;"s, f:k ■ Uhl*:: of elect rifJty,
•» a .art, and rire ivhereVr
• y trikr:
Giw; r::*!i*. high -;Vr th«'lt'*Tl< «*f eom*
. n /. - n,
t ai gleets
4 t<;d ( f^r hatt lemv t y
,, i- i .-.licbi * fled of , is not ra
). I,
p •. - ■ .):• )• v:r.tt»m'!o:i m”*;
tit love e.f truth, to keep the M.-»*
• -ier v »■ ".t •#,
i-r i :.<■ • lie fa! to tl • usi:
i •■-*♦ . ;; ri ■■*•», great e.ieryy. <;Mt
. .-a-;*, ivh: :i ♦# •* rof
\ . : rriiifX c::derttl''. n. v. ill r. -hi •*. *.
’ - Kiev to be farmed by fortot-c’s
Hut hewing- with a pod like trn through
<: from error T.-r.— t ’d by the
f.*ree
i \- • - ■ • j • >• • - * ;1 - vie r t ! • > i! 1 i. e:
l • ■ o -r}) |M»
t.ii-ii fate,
A i 1 '• 'i';:t :.' tho r. :r (<■ -■■' i i ».*•*
cn— , .
TV* . r>9! • t n?:ar Mu:.'; t»»
\ TWIX BO MAST’S
( ineinr.ati Ea>"»*iw.
\ (lou’.le itc 1.111:" took place a
! .1;;VS :i;p> :ibo*Jt tt»* • d'.'.s f/ oU
U:-?r:.;**. ' ■ Pu?’v*:n counf v. V»*. V;t..
1 - • f the circttiiT itim-cs (if which
15 r: curiou - ( vm: :li to prdvoks the
! rvlat’on. A few vear> ii/o :t 1 amily
; by th - f..tnil; >.r eoy..o'.:ea of Brown
! >1 l/.iie i ofi8um creek, that
, . i - f c ; Po -:i river. John and
j o’, n rc the only chiMreu pos*
, 6, . ; i \ i ho said Browns—twins,
. b- r/. u^cly enough, their
I ncav-.-s U' i iiJiors were nr- By<\ins
j iumilv, r,Un-e «»n.y chiii'.ien, l:kc
i tvi< - : v:s, tvei'e iSHsa.it an*l Pcy/V,
, . i years of :»g2. The Brown
>: -;U rs were com.-iy hoys, tall anal
'si;Y-w\. The Lykins ^iris iMI
| .-.-tmi-ahtway ia love wi‘h thmn, Stl
b-.vorinjc John, while Pc/.y fa*
i v.i.'C . tl.e ■-«.■ e\e<i fjuhitcl.
i he way true iovo ran sumo: :ny
[enough untrt a 1* v, ;v. \ > ;d:i e,
! wh; o, hv some chana- ; . g
: ia the Lane,’ John eon iuetc t Ic_gy
i t!, her home, dim- ming i. I nt
! brief while that- bite came < a.s
e<>. Somehow ih« story gn • '■. n
!!<■* offense. iilOS the two SiWaHie
i •o'lrr.ughr, mi ; sought to postpone
i the marriage. Simple min led Gu
Uriel was complaining of it all to
: buxom Susan, and added: *T msor
ry, anyhow, that Tin engaged to
: Peggy instead of you.’ She, by
happy chance, agreed with him, and
! was overheard by the doubting So
; sfln, who conveyed the glad tidings
I to the discouraged John. Presto,
change. And all went merry as a
chorus of cow bells in a summer
meadow. -The four twinscs” will
! have twin cabins near the big mill
road.
* * ■fs ; ; y*L\ •
RUNIC INSCRIPTIONS.
Monuments Erected Over the Bones of
Druids, Scots and Scandinavians.
London Society.
We rpust not omit to mention the
Runic monuments that aljound,
many of them in a remarkable State
of preservation. Those at Kirk Brad
dan, Kirk Michael and Kirk Mang*
hold are worthy of special notice.
Kirk Braddan, which is not far from
Douglas, appears to have been one
of the most ancient burying places
in the kingdom Here, it is said,
the bones of Druids, Scots and Scan
dinavians, bold friars and mighty
chieftains have been crumbling for
centuries. Near the old cbnrch,
which is now falling to decay, are
throe Scandinavian crosses. Some
time they were discovered by a la
borer lying horizontally in the earth;
they are now elevated on a small
mound. One of the inscriptions
may be rendered thus: ‘‘Thorial
Neaki erected this cross to Flacb,
his son, the nephew of Eabr.” In
the same church are two other
monuments—one leaning against
the church wall, the other close to
the gate—which probably belong to
the same period. Just outside the
entrance gates of the churchyard at
Kirk Michael is a large stone cross,,
richly ornamented with animals and
other figures, Intended apparently to
represent a stag hunt. On the edge
ot the stone the following words arc
inscribed, which must be read from
the bottom upward: “Iualfir suur
Thurulfs eins Rautha risti crustha
na aft Frithu muthur sina” (Joalf,
son of Thorolf the Red, erected this
stone to his mother, Frida). On one
side of the gateway is a cross, em
bellished with carvings of a harper,
a dog and two men carrying weap
ons, on the opposite side is another,
beautifully ornamented with knot
work. Tile former is the more wor
thy of notice, as it contains only
Celtic names—the character* and
dialect being unlike those of any
other inscription found ii the island.
The date of it probably is 1238. The
latter tells us that “Mallbrigd, son
of Athakan (the) smith, erected this
cross for his soul; but his kinsmen
Gant made this (cross) and all in
Mkb.” Another finely-carved crons,
which once stood near Bishop Wil
tomb, lean* at preseat for sup
port against the porch of the church.
Kirk Mcsughold, which is one of the
oldest churches in the island and
and dates from the fifth century, is
rather famous for its crosses, among
which may he mentioned two bear
ing efiigics apparently of St. Patrick
and St. Maughcld: a pillar cross
mast beautifully an 1 elaborately
sculptured, five feet high, bearing on
one side a representation of th« cru
cifixion and on the other the Virgin
and Child, with a figure kneeling,
etc., and a double-wheel sandstone
| cross nearly seven and a half feet
i hi^'ii. In the churchyard at Bal
; laugh th«*r:» is an interesting Runic
1 cross which has well w tlistood the
ravages of time; at St. John’s Chap
' cl is smother, bearing an inscription
: to the cfiV'ft that “Inosruier ongrav
j ed thus • rimes;" and at Onehan,not
‘ far from !>on<»!us, *re two slabs upon
• which arc carved Runic characters
’ :iu 1 fantastic firms of animals.
! SPECIAL PRIVILEGES OF
SI'A M PED KNV ELOPES.
Ii is no:, perhaps,generally known
that the slumped envelope enjoys
C'rtain *'<* ' practical rdvanta^cs
over *in envelope with an iidhesive
1 at :r.ij). The latter can be sent only
i |»v mail, nliereas a letter contained
! ip. e .tumped envelope may he “car
r'l.’.l mits'i le of the mails by railroads,
steamboat1*, expresses, stages and
other niwns of conveyance.’’ The
piivi’tgejof tim stamped envelope
■ ni;;v be turned l<* good account at
j times In 'mainess inea.—Ex.
__
A LONG LOOK AHEAD.
Omaha World.
Young Husband—"It does seem
| to me you might learn how to conk
j better than that; my mother—”
I Young wife—“There, that w.U do; 1
! re fain Loin learning how to cook on
principle.” Oh, you do; thinking of
an*, of course?” “No. of my son”
I "Son?’’ “Yes,I don't intend he shall
ever make any nice girl miserable
bragging about iuv cooking.
i Only fifty years ago thenvevegt
duration of hnman life in Great Brit
ain was thirty years; to-dav. accord
ing to statisfeic^it is forty nine years.
! In this fifty years tin population ha9
increased bv 8.000.000. At least
I two out of these 8,000,000 of in
| crease may bo put down as the fruit
I uf improved sanitary and medical
j work, and of victory over prevent a*
I ole si.-kness.—Sir Spencer Veils.
Sir Walter Raleigh introduced
! potatoes into Ireland 300 years ago.
Russia prohibits the importation
of patent medicines.
-»- » « ■ ■ —
Fifty-two per cent, of the criroi
nals in New York are foreign born.
THE ANTARCTIC WONDER
LAND.
Popular Science Monthly.
The Antarctic ocean occupies s
position around the South pole sim
ilar to that of the Arctic ocean at
tbeopposito end of theearth. It fills
all the space to the south of the An
tartic circle. It differs vastly, how
ever, from its northern bomo’.ogue,
for, instead of having land at its out
er circumference, it has water. While
the North American, the European
and the Asiatic coasts encircle the
Northern ocean, the Pacific, the At
lantic and the Indian oceans mingle
their waterq|Xglth tbqfe'bf the fhwen*
zbne at the sdutti.
As it differs in physical conditions,
60 also it differs in baring received
much less attention from the world
at large. While the aim of innum
erable expeditions for the past four
hundred years has been to find a
northwest passage to Asia, to plant
a flag at 90 degrees, or to rescue
some unfortunate commander and
his crew from a horrible fate, and
while thousands of dollars have been
expended,and hundreds of lives have
been, lost, there is a strange contrast
when wc turn to the far south. The
expeditions which have been sent
out by the great nations of the world
to explore the vast watery expanse
about the southern pole are so few as
to be counted on tbe fingers of one
band, and all tbe ships which have
left records of any explorations be
yond the Antarctic circle might be
counted on the fingers of two hands.
And yet “within the periphery of the
Antarctic circle,” says Lient. Maury,
“is included an area equal in extent
to one-sixth of the entire land surface
of our planet. Most of this immense
area is as unknown to the inhabi
tants of the earth as the interior of
one of Jupiter’s satellites. * * For
the last 200 years tbe Arctic ocean
has been a theatre of exploration;
but, as for the Antarctic, no expedi
tion has attempted to make any per
sistent exploration, or even to winter
there.” It is noteworthy, too, that
in the voyages which have been made
not a ship nor a life has been lost
south of the circle. “It does not ap
pear,” says one writer, “that Antarc
tic voyages would be attended with
any excessive degree of danger.
It may even be fonnd that the Ant
arctic barriers are impenetrable, but
this has certairly not as yet been
demonstrated.”
BROTHER GARDNER ON THE
WORLD’S CONDITION.
t “How does it happen dat de folk
8ss who am bead-obcr-heels in debt
pnt on dc pioast’ style?
“Why ain it dat de man wid a
bead full of brains inus’ play second
fiddle to a monkey wid a pocket fall
o’ money?
“How docs it come, dat while we
perfess ter lub our nabor, nothin’
tickles us mo’ dan to h’ar he has
received a set back and mus’ take a j
cheaper house?
“How am it dat de man wid de
biggest di’mun pin, an’ de woman
wid dc moas’ real lace on her dress
git shet of deir counterfeit nickeic
sooner dan anybody else?
“onow me a party oi uiiy pussuns
gwine to make a trib lo Yurup, an’ i
I’ll pint out thirty-five who am stay
in’ off creditors to do it.
“We complain dat servant gals i
doan’ know dcir duties, an’ wc eddi
cate our darters to ignore house- j
work as beneaf ’em.
“Dc hired gals of de next genera-1
shun won’t be to blame if dey mix
bread in de bath tub an’ mash ’ta
ters wid a beer bottle.
“When de preacher gits up in de
pulpit an’ splaius dat de African
heathcu am pinin’ fur tracks an’
Bibles, we shell out de cash wid hot
fingers. When de widder calls at
de front doah to inform us dat her
chil’en am cold an’ hungry an* rag
ged, we keep de cash kcerfully salted
down, an’ wonder if an autograph
album wouldn’t help de fam’ly pull
frew.
“Seems to me, as 1 lean 0:1 de
fence an’ look oberde landscape, dat
a good sheer of dis world am wrong
eand to. De shine of bras* k vdn s
de eye whar silver am on noth ed.
A loud voice gathers a crowd s ooner
dan sweet song. Society ucman is a
white dreas coat an’ a white 6hirt,
an' if dat demand am satisfied no
body will ax de wearer whether he
lias been in State prison or de State
Legislachur.—Exchange.
Manufacturers of kerosene oil say
that all lamps are safe with good oil,
and that the quality of oil can be as
certained by the following test: Take
a pint tinenp, fill it nearly fall of
water wanned so that an ordinary
thermometer immeised in it will
show 120 degrees,pour a small quan
tity of oi! on the water, stir it 4 little,
then pass a lighted match quickly
bat closely over the surface of the oil
once; if it ignites the oil is unsafe.
If parcbases be made of from three
to live gallons at a time and this
teat be made people can protest
^ MI8CELLA|flK>US.
4 4 Cggi - | ^ a 1
ai aiwcomwoi^inBiiri wan a gcoi
purpose, but now they bn not tube
oththUt Attoci&tod with llEM BMtak
tinguisb tbe dincreni enters ofloras
and their followers in battles abroad
before tile common people had
learned to read. They were neces
sary, as tbs uniforms and badges
are now, to distinguish tbe various «
regiments and State officers. The
figures of lions, dragons, eagles and
other creatures, tbs rose, flly and
palm, could be recognised when em
broidered on the silk coat or gar
ment worn above the armor to pro
tect It from tarnishing, and soldiers
oould kndbrat a. glance when they
"met to what Duke or Prince they
belonged. At flrat only sovereigns
used these distinctions; afterwaids
all families of noble birth chow
badges and figur'd shields, every
design on whjcb was a sign of some
trait of which they were prond, their
loyalty, courage or ambition. All
the figures recalled some notable
event m the fortunes of the family,
as the spider, which Robert Bruce
watched mending its web in the
cave while he was hiding from his
enemies, was placed in the royal
arms after he became King of Scot
land.”
The New York Analytt gives the
following hints on the use of kero
sene oil lamps in /order to get the
best light and avoid unpleasant
odors: The wick roust be clean; it*
clogged with dust it will not pump
up the oil. The lightest part of the
oil burns first, leaving the heavy oil;
if filled np day after day the oil wilt
become so heavy that the draft will
not be strong enough to pump it up.
The burner, if gummed, gives an
uneven, smoky light; if the holes
provided to give perfect combustion
be stopped up the same effect will
result The lamp should be filled
up every day, and once a week all
the oil should be turned out; a new
wick put in once in two weeks, and
trimmed with sharp shears, even oml
true, every day; the burner kept
clean by brushing every day and
boiling in lye occasionally and the
chimney brightly polished. Treated
in this wav, the kerosene oil lamp is
a luxury, and not a vile, ill-smelling
nuisance.
I Professor J. S. Nowberry gives a
most marked illustration of what
appears to bo development of in
stinct approaching reason in one of
the low forms of life. The grub »f
the seventeen-year locust buries
itself deep in the ground and only
emerges after its period of seventeen
j*ears is ended. At Rahway, N. J.,
a house had been erected above »
spot where some of these grubs had
buried themielves. Attbeexpira
tion of their period the grubs started
on their way to the surface, but
emerged into the cellar, where they
were yet in the dark, in order to
reach the light they commenced
building small structures, and when
first noticed the floor of the ccllur
was found covered with small cooes,'
some of them more than six inches
high, which these cicadas had built
in their exertions to traverse the
dark cavity to the light above
ground.
Renaissaxce—Is the name given
to the style of art, especially archi
tecture, in Europe, which succeeds
tbe Gothic. It originated in a re
vival of tbe ancient architecture of
Rome. Gothic architecture had
been used in Italy daring the thir
teenth and fourteenth centuries, but
the Italians had always preferred
the round arch over the pointed
northern form. In 1420, Brnnelie
chi, the great Italian architect, add
ed tbe present dome to thg Cathe
dral of Florence, thus paving the
way for a return to theclaesic ideals
of Roman art. This revival was
encouraged by the Popes and
Princes of Italy, and the prlntiur
I press soon spread a knowledge «<f
i the works of Italian architecture
over Europe. Many chapters nw! •
be written about the progress of ..»•
Renaissance in Frame. EM"
Germany and Russia, hut «r
can not spare space for more thtu a
hint of the subject.
■' ■ • ■ —
P*a-RAPHAEMT^—I<* a i**riu «»ri. I
,usted by William ll«dme.:i Hum. i.
English painter of the prem er
who exhibited his first pin u re in
184(1. The word is nsed by Hur t
and his friends to indicate -heir
preference for the painters who li\»d
before Raphael, snch as Giotto sad
Fra Angelico, because of the truth
fulness and earnest simplicity' or -
those fathers of Italian art.
Bilgeatia—Is a fashionable dis
trict ia the southwestern part of
London, and was built about 1826
over the squalid Fire Fields, long
known as a dangerous district. To
pic lure the life sad emotions of a
Heigr&vian family is, therefore. t«»
describe that which is highest in
the- social scale ia aristocratic Eng
land.

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