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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, March 11, 1887, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85059778/1887-03-11/ed-1/seq-1/

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the great pension build
The interior of the great hall of
the pension building will soon be
finished. The immense stretch of
wall has nearly all been plastered,
and some idea can be formed of
what the completed hall will look
like. Whatever difference of opin
ion there may be as to the merits of
the outside of the building, it will
no doubt be generally admitted that
this hall is a grand room. In point
of size it is larger, with one excep
tion, than any audience room in this
country, and in point of capacity
stands about fourth in tiie list of
the large interiors of the world. The
great Mormon tabernacle in Salt
Lake City is sa,id to have the larg-,
est capacity of any bonding in this
country. It will seat about 15,000
General Meigs, the architect of
the pension building, sajs that the
hall in the pension building and the
galleries surrouding it have a seat
ing capacity of 11,307 men. The
hall itself is 310 feet wide, while it
has two tiers of galleries extending
all around it which are twelve feet
in width. A third gallery, which
encircles the hall, has a width of
five feet. General Meigs says he
has estimated that 30,000 people can
, find standing room in this great
space. Si. Peter's church, Rome,
which is th“ largest structure in the
world, will, in the same way, hold
34.000 people, while the Milan cath
edral will accommodate 37,000; St.
Paul's Rome, 32,000 and St. Paul's,
Loudon, 23,000. General Meigs
says lie has no doubt that the prin
pal |K>rtion of the inauguration ex
civisos will in the future be held in
this had, as well as public funerals
and other exercises which attract
large gathiugs of the people. —
W(i thing ton Stai.
—- —
The Jap is very slow and deliber
ate, and everything is done on t;
small scale. The houses arc diminu
tive and the rooms like closets. Be
cause of my desire to teach the true
religion to them I have endeavored
to win their confidence, and to do
this have always acted as though 1
was one of them. On reaching the
house of the lady on whom 1 wish to
call 1 leave my shoe- at the door and
enter tiie room. The floor is covered
with mats three feet long by two and
>i hall wide, lying close together,
making a enrjiet; on this I kneel op
posite the lady, who is also kneeling,
and we commence bowing and repeat
ing meaningless phrases. Three
bows are made, the head touching
the floor bet wee u the hands, which
are placed directly in front, each
bow made slowly, the head being
held on the floor about the space of
time required to count ten.
After the salutation tea is brought
i and placed iu front of me on a little
table about a foot high,and each one
} in the room is served in the same
j manner. There is no furniture in
| the room, uo decorations on the
[ walls save in some houses one or
1 two schools. Many of the pieces of
1 brie a brae received from that coun
try arc made especially for the ex
! port trade. For instance, these
{ minute fans which you have used so
I extensively in decorations were un
• known to me in Japan, and the little
cups and saucers, so artistically and
tastefully colored and so prized by
you Americans,were made expressly
| for you. for the Jap never drinks his
tea from a cup with a handle.
New York Times.
I was shaking the other day with
| an elderly Swedish gentleman about
| the stories uue hears in America of
Ltlie sensation Jenny Lind created
Miere in 1850—of how people still
^>kl of hearing her marvelous voice
| in the streets outside the halls and
churches in which she sang. He
nad known her ever since childhood,
and is an intimate friend of an old
gentleman living in Stockholm who
w as the tenor in the old operatic com
pany she first belonged to away
back in 1837, and who was once en
gaged to be married to her. He told
me many curious things of her later
She is plain and white haired
jow, with a severe expression of
Intenanee. She is very pious,and
st of her talk is devoted to he
lming the days when she was
ful enough to appear on the stage.
* is intolerant toward young
i*ers, sneering at their voices and
ir vocations alike, and rebukes
■ one w ho ventures to address her
the name of Jenny Lind—or even
>r to the name. I was told of a
e some years ago when she was
iting here in London, when her
t brought to her a young Swedish
rano w ho had won fame and re
ct in Europe and America, and
i proud of this opportunity of
ing homage to Jenny Lind. She
le the mistake of alluding to this
ue, and was so cruelly snubbed in
sequence that Mine. Goldschmidt
t never again asked to that house.
Very Interesting Facts in the Life of
Daniel Bedinger Lucas.
New York World.
Daniel Bedinger Lucas, the newly
appointed United States Senator
from West Virginia, comes of a long
line of Democrats. His great-grand- j
father was Congressman Rutherford
in the old Continental days, his
grandfather, Daniel Bedinger, was
Naval Agent at Norfolk under Pres
ident Jefferson, and his father, Wil
liam Lucas, was a member of Con
gress several times nearly hall a
century ago. The new Senator in
herits his literary gifts from Daniel
Bedinger, who to this day lives in
the minds of thousands of \ irgin
ians as a gifted poet. ‘*The ( os
sack’s Celebration,” one of his hap
piest efforts, is still quoted through
out the Valley of Virginia.
Virginians love a plucky man.
Perhaps that is why Daniel Lucas
has always had a host of warm per
sonal friends at command. Though
a quiet, genial, peace-loving man, he
never submits to anything border
j ing on coercion, and the thousands
who know how many times he has
faced down those who have tried to
bull}’ him respect and admire his
courage. Grit seems to run in the
Lucas family. William Lucas, the
Senator’s father, was a famous law
yer a quarter of a century ago, in
the Valley of Virginia, lie was a
warm, personal friend of Andrew
Jackson, and when he was in Con
gress nearly half a century ago his ;
courage oecauie a sort vi |mu>uu
among his contemporaries. Notun- j
like Jackson in face and figure, he
resembled him stiP more in tue in
trepidity with which he faced every !
danger. He was second to Govern- ■
or Frank Thomas, of Maryland, in :
the duel between Thomas and
United States District-Attorney
William Price, of Baltimore, who
had the services of Kevcrdy Johnson
as second. The men met in Virgin
ia. There was much bitter feeling
over the difficulty, and at one time
it looked as if all connected w.th it
would pop at one another on the
field of honor. Some one who did
not know Lucas asked a well known
Virginian if he thought he would
fight. “Fight?” said he. “Why,
he’d fight a rat ties nake^tnd give
him first bite.”
The character of Senator Lucas is
plainly written on his face. Kindly
eyes of bluish gray look out from
under a broad, high, overhanging
forehead and temper the sternness
evinced by the wide strongly marked
mouth. The jaw* and chin are al
most massive. The head is large
and shapely covered with a short
thick growth of urown hair, now well
tinged with gray. The man impres
I ses you from the first with an idea
of quiet strength and indomitable
| will.
Daniel B. Lucas was practising law
in t 'harlcstown when old John Brown
was locked up there during the
months preceding his execution.
The young lawyer did many acts of
kindness for the condemned Aboli
tionist, and Brown appreciated his
kindness. They had many conver
sations, and as the end drew near
the old man gave Mr Lucas the best
memento he could think of, the pike
he carried iu his raid. The Senator
still keeps it. Shortly after the
close of the war Mr. Lucas was in
vited to lecture in the Lyceum at
Winchester. To the surprise of cv
ery one and to the horror of his
friends he took for his. subject,
“John Brown, the Heroic Fanatic.”
A riskier place to speak ot‘the vir
tues of Brown would have been hard
to find; yet so able was Lucas’s plea
for the old man, whose principles be
iu no way endorsed, that the audi
ence passed a vote of thanks.
Mr. Lucas married in Winchester
in October, 1869, the eldest
daughter of Henry L. Brooke, an
eminent member of the Richmond
bar. Mr. Brooke’s father and uncle,
twin brothers, had been respectively
i Governor of Virginia and Judge of
the State Court of Appeals in Pres
ident Washington’s Administration.
While living in Richmond during
the war Mr. Lucas was Miss
Brooke’s enthusiastic admirer. For
ten years his courtship continued,
and although she was a great belle
and had a host of admirers, his im
portunity finally prevailed. They
iiad two children, a son, who died in
infancy, and a daughter. Miss Vir
ginia Lucas, who i9 with her pa
rents in Charleston.
To brighten and polish nickel
plating and prevent rust apply
1 rouge with a little fresh lard or
; lard-oil on a wash-leather or a piece
! of buckskin. Rub the bright parts,
using as little of the rouge and oil
as possible; wipe off with a clean
rag slightly oiled. Repeat the wip
ing every day and the polishing as
often as necessary.
The juice of a lemon, mixed with
four times as much water,, unsugar
ed, and drunk jn^t before bedtime,
will do more to counteract malarial
influences and correct a surpjflBPfgfl
^ Klai
The Invention of Postage Stamps—The
First Designs—Stamps of Different
Countries—Old Time Posts!
Routes—The United States
Ahead in Variety.
The legend about 1,000,000 of can
celed postage stamps being a valua
ble property, is still believed in by
many confiding souls, old and young.
Somebody started the fib years ago,
and, being an attractive one, it is
not permitted to die. Touching
stories, without any foundation in
fact, float around in the newspapers
teliing how some impoverished old
woman collected 1,000.000 of can
celed postage stamps, and then sold
them for money enough to secure
her admittance to a home for aged
women. This has., A stimulating
effect on other impoverished old wo
men, and they set to work to collect
stamps, and are overwhelmed with
astonishment and grief when they
find that they might as well have
been engaged in poltsbiug-thc stove
legs, as far as any financial benefit
was concerned.
Small boys are often enthusiastic
stamp hunters. Theyj too, cherish
a belief that the stamp* can be turn
ed into money. Rare1 stamps are
marketable, but not often at the fab
ulous prices quoted. In this cit}'
there are collectors who devote
themselves entirely to stamps and
fill whole shops with them, but they
value them on the score of rarity,not
Certain stamp maniacs make da
dos and friezes of them, and only
recently the writer saw a small table
covered with them, legs and all, and
then varnished to the ultimate limit
of varnish. Hut the spectacle was
hardly a sight to benefit gods and
men. or even fools. The postage
stamp mania, like any other disease,
has a name. It is called “philately,”
and began as soon as stamps were
in use in a half dozen countries, liig
and numerous are the books devoted
to the literature of the postage
stamp, and several periodicals are
devoted to it, one in Brussels, one
in Berlin, one in England and the
American Journal of Philately.now
twenty-two years old.
Not every one knows that the
postage stamp is a woman's inven
tion. A French woman, the Ducli
es.> do Longueville, in 1653, devised
it. Hut for some reason the idea
died out for nearly 200 years, and
was then revived. It was first advo
eated in England by Howland Mill,
in 1837. and adopted in 1840. The
first was a small boy on a galloping
horse, blowing a trumpet, and dad
only in his integrity. He had a
scarf along with him, but apparent
ly only used it as a wrap in cold
weather, for in the picture in floats
out behind him, adding to the ap
pearance of great haste. This de
sign was in memory of the days
when Assyrian and Persian inon
archs had their posts placed at sta
tions a day’s journey from each
other, with horses saddled ready to
carry with fleet feet the decrees of
the despot. In the Roman empire
imperial edicts were passed to the
provinces by the same means.
The United States took up the
postate stamp in 1847, not such a
great while ago, after all. The first
stamp bore the head of Benjamin
Franklin, who was efficient in devel
oping our postal service, and who
was deputy postmaster general of
the colonics in 1753. It represents
him before he could be called old.
It is said that he was good looking,
with a fair complexion and gray
The first adhesive stamp issued
by Great Britain consisted of a pro
file of the queen with the word
“Postage” above and tin* value lie
low; but other governments saw in
this a desecration of the sovereign,
because her face was necessarily
blackened by the cancellation. Bra
zil was the second country wluch
adopted the system.
It is also said that the first pro
posed British stamp drawn by .Mid
ready, was a large one representing
! industrial and commercial life.
The cape of Good Hope, in 1853,
adopted a three cornered stamp,
i both novel and pretty. The stamp
j of Afghanistan is meaningless to an
' American, while that of .Japan,
with its dainty tea leaves, is grace
ful and beautiful. In I861J the
: United States issued a twenty-four
cent stamp, which is a miniature
j representation of the signing of the
Declaration Independence,
i The perforating machine was an
English invention, which was at
| once almost universally adopted.
The colors of postage stamps vary
continually, the why and wherefore
11 hereof none but the postmaster gen
| eral and bis creator knows. The
i style of printing on while pa|icr
w i th colored ink is consider^
! secure than.
a greater number in use at one time
then any other country. A total of
the varieties issued is 162, while
127 have been used at one time.
In the days which preceded post
age stamps letters were not much
indulged in. For a while they cost
five cents, which the receiver was
obliged to pay, unless the sender
chose to prepay them.—Exchange,
My Dear Henry: This is a dic
tated letter. The thoughts are mine
but the penmanship is that of a man
Beasley who is.doing the chores for
us this winter. My reason for hir
ing a private secretary is that last
Tuesday the strawberry-blonde
S'note slumped through a hole in
the ice, and in striving to rescue
him from a watery grave I fell and
broke one of my legs just above the
Kind friends came from every
where to ask me if it hurt much,and
in a thousand different ways showed
their gentle desire to draw me into
a spirited conversation. A doctor
came down from the Isanitarium to
set my leg, and tied his horse to a
little sugar-maple tree that I set out
last spring. When he puts in his
bill for medical attendance he will
! be surprised to find an offset of 80
cents for that tree. I may be slightly
crippled, but you can announce in
your valuable paper that there are
no flies on ine to speak of.
Wliile spread out here with noth
ing to do my mind has been quite
active, and I have had drawn off for
me the following outlines of a will,
which I send you inclosed herewith.
‘Tlease read and return,” as it says
on the Bible rack on board the cars:
Know all men by these presents,
that I, the subscriber, being of
sound mind and realizing that 1 am
now under the doctor’s care, and
therefore may be swept into eternity
any moment, do hereby make, exe
cute and publish this my last will
and testament firmly by these pre
sents :
1st. 1 hereby appoint my beloved
wife, Ilenrictte, to be my sole execu
trix, assignee and receiver of my en
tire estate, with full powers to pay
taxes on said estate forever, and to
have and hold the same so long as
grass grows and water runs, togeth
er with sueh other and further relief
, as the Court may adjudge.
2ud. I hereby request that the red
horse, Napoleon, be sold and the pro
| cceds thereof used towards defray
1 ing my funeral expenses, provided
! that the sum of .f25 therefrom beset
! aside for the purposeof maintaining
| a large, aggressive bulldog, whose
duty it shall be to monkey o’er my
■ lowly grave until my dust shall lie
of no use to science. It is my tie
sire that my executrix shall so main
tain said bulldog hereinbefore set
forth in order that pimply young
medical students may not make too
free with all that is mortal of a su
perior man. It is my s|*ecial desire
that no parCof my economy shall
i contribute in any way to science or
to the amusement of a class of sore
eyed goslings who cannot get near
i enough to a live man to operate on
! him.
1 (testre i<» state a:so mat i nope
whatever may be odd or eccentric or
abnormal about my formation may
be generously allowed to pull obliv
ion over itself and fade away. 1 do
not wish to be perpetuated in the
form of a fatty tumor or osseous for
mation. Let my good deeds be mv
only monument. Let the post mor
tem in my ease be omitted, and the
| time be taken up in some other way.
I request also that at my funeral
: the free list be suspended and that
those only who have a jHMsonul in
terest in the proceeding be |*erinit
ted to take part. Persons who make
the funeral industry a business or
rei\ upon it as a means of relaxation
are requested to abstain from my fu
neral as a personal favor to me.
I give and bequeath, make over
and present to my beloved wife, Iivn
ri ette. ail and singular, my leal and
personal property' aside from said
horse,Napoleon, heretefore enumer
ated and set aside for funeral pur
poses, to have and to hold all said
property during her lifetime, and
after that the said real and personal
property to pass to my beloved son,
Henry, who is engaged in publishing
a paper at $2 a year. To said be
loved son Henry 1 also bequeath all
my wardrobe. I have worn out his
old lawn tennis and polo clothes
while he was attending college, using
his boatiDg and base-ball suits for
underclothing during the winter.and
now thatl am about to pass on I leave
ray own underclothing to him as a
slight testimonial of my appreciation
for his kindness to me when I had no
polo suit of ray own. I also direct
that an obituary, consisting of forty
lines, relative to me be printer! in
mv son's paper, eod6t, at ten cents
per line, to follow pure reading mat
ter, for which the sum of $24 will be
found in an old sock in my escretoirc
. in the barnc. I do not care for
obituary, buLdeaf
payment of my debts.
I may add tothis will, from time
to time, as aaythiag good suggests
itself.—In the meantime let me hear
fromyon ever and anon. Tell us how
you come on with your dew paper,
and whether you have contributed
any more of your thumbs Id pour new
job pros or no. Respecllklly, y«»nr
father, Bnx Nyk.
Extract from a Tourists Mott Bosk.
The Church des Invalids where
Napoleon I. is buried, iA the loftiest
building in Paris with the exception
of the Pantheon. Its massi ve gilded
dome shines resplemAfnt Tn the sun
light, being conspicuous from all
quarters of the city.
The dome was regilded at a cost
of $30,000, during the last days of
the Second Empire, any ra.n and
storm have apparently robbed it of
but little of its original lustre.
The church is situated in the rear
of the Hotel des Invslides., the fa
mous building erected by Louis XIV.,
for the veterans of the army, and it
within 200 yards of the Seine. The
intervening ground is an immense
“campus,” known as the Esplande
des Invalids, where the new recruits
drill daily, and where all great mili
tary displays take place. Its seems
most fitting and proper, that the
great warrior slept his last sleep
amid military surroundings, watch*
ed over by the cadets and veterans
of the army he had led through so
many glorious victories.
The writer in conversation with
two of the young soldiers, found that
notwithstanding their hatred to
wards the Bonapartist party, and
their ardent Republicanism, they
would never tire in speaking of the
genitia and heroism of the “little
corporal,” and the glory of the Na
poleonic laurels.
The tomo is situated immediately
beneath the dome and is an open
circnlar crypt, 20 feet in depth and
36 feet in diameter. The walls are
of polished slabs of granite and are
adorned with 10 marble reliefs, viz:
1. Res oration of public order; 2.
The Concords; 3. The RcformedAd
ministration; 4. The State Council;
5. The Code; 6. The University; 7.
The Chamber of Commerce; 8. The
development of commerce and indus
try; 9. Public Works and 10. the
Legion of Honor.
The chief victories of Napoleon
arc represented by twelve colossal
female figures. They surround the
Sarcophaguc and each bear in their
outstretched hands a wreath of lau
rel. Between the figures there are
six groups of battle flags trophies
from Crimea—Egypt,Italy, Austria,
China, and other campaigns. Some
are so faded that their inscription
I is not legible.
On a massive pavement, rep resen
ting leaves of laurel, rises the Sar
cophagus: 13 feet long; and 14 feet
; high, consisting of a single block of
: reddish brown granite, brought from
! h inland, and weighing 70 tons. The
j dome rises to a height of 160 feet
’ above the crypt, and is divided into
two sections. The first section is
i divided into 12compartmcnts.pnint
ed with figures of the apostles. The
! upper section is adorned with a large
painted representing St. I^ouis offer
i ing tho Christ the sword with which
' he has vanquished the foes of Chris
Tula is executed in uruunni col
ors and there is no ceiling work in
any of the Paris Cathedrals to equal
it. A peculiar tint of stained glass
i in the top of the dome bathes the
whole church in a soft bluish light.
This light wierd and mournful adds
greatly to the impressiveness of tin*
As one looks down in solemn con
i temptation upon the mammoth mar
ble coffin, containing the dust of the
man who rose from peasant to a
kingdom all but omnipotent,bis won
derful career passes before us in pan
oramic rapidity—bis triumphs, his
j overthrow, his captivity, Austerlit*.
: and then Waterloo, St. Helena. 'I he
• church :a wrapt in solemn gramlenr,
and we ieavethe scene with reluct
| anoe, impressed ns we have never
been before*
Visitors to P«ri» repeat agaiuand
again, their visit to-the tomb, drawn
by an irresistible impulse. The |>er
sonal charm and magnetism that
drew to the Emperor so many in life,
seem to hover about bis ashes.
The entrance to the crypt is in the
i sanctuary, and is flanked by twosar
j cophagi, bearing the names of Du
| rod and Bertrand, the Emperor’s
best beloved friends. Above the en
trance are carved the laat words of
Napoleon's will: “And desire that
my ashes may repose on the hanks
of the Seine, in the midst of the pco
pie of France, whom I have loved so
And faithfolly, has France com
plied with this request,
mains were
John Boyer is a well to-do and
thoroughly veracious farmer, who
lives one mile from Mount Holly,
New Jersey. Last summer he cap
tured a ground hog alive, and re
solved to keep it if he could ami put
to the test the sacred backwoods tra -
dition that the ground hog never
fails to wake up from his winter*
sleep on the 2d of February and
walked out to see how the weather
is, so that he oan make his calcula
tions for the immediate future. The
ground hog was put in a comforta
ble cage to await the course of
“That ground hog thrived amar.
in,” said Farmer Boyer, the other
day. “He was as lively as a ericket
until November came ami then lie
laid down, rolled himself all up in *
ball, and went to sleep. We let him
lay aa his cage was in a warm
enough place. He never gave any
signs of getting over his nap all win
ter long and consequently did not
have anything to eat or drink. It
came February, and I kept my eye
glned on him. On the morning ol'
the 2d I sat down in front of that
cage early in the morning so that no
move of the old fellow could escape
me. I sat there all the afternoon.
The ground hog did not show any
signs of waking up and I was feel
ing good, for I did not take any
stock in this ground hog day busi
ness and I wanted to knock the
spots off of it. About a minute be
fore 12 o’clock though, the old feller
begun to show life. He unfolded
first one leg and then another, and
pretty soon opened himself up and
raised up on his feet. He look a
good, long old-fashioned stretch,like
any one does wnen ne gem up but
a good snooze, gaped a little, and
then walked out of the open door of
that cage as cool as if he’d only
been takin’ a five minutes nap. He
come out and looked around a bit,
seemed to be satisfied, and stayed
out. He bain’t showed no inclina
tion to go away, but lie’s been awake
ever since, and taken his ration*
regular as clockwork. He didn’t
see his shadder, you know. There *
Bumpin’ in ground ling da), I tell
Major Sophus Schack, an ollieer
i in the Danish army, on the subject
of pliyaiogonoiuieal ind.cations, to
which his position as ina|»cctor of
recruits has led him to devote a con
siderable share of attention. .Major
Schack agrees with Aristotle in pul
ting his faith in noses, lie can
make a ‘good guess at a man’s coii
stitutioii from the size and build of
his nose, a large nose, tor instance,
almost invariably indicating supe
rior cheat capacity aad power of
lungs. I: is a still more accurate
index to mental quo ities, for, be
j longing as it duct at once to the
moat and least nyobilc (tortious of
| the face it faithfully reflects the
: most fugitive movements of the
mind. In the child the ti me is the
| most insignificant and least devel
oped portion of the physiognomy.
It is not till the intellectual facili
ties come into play that the nasal
orguu acquires its elmraet. riatic*.
Savages have no iiohcs worthy of
the name. Major Schack s oImmt
cations lead him to conclude that a
small and mfrwmure nose betokens
■ cunning and finesse, a straight an I
' thin nose, taste and delicacy: all
aquiline nose, judgment, reason and
egotism; while a shapeless and
! clumsy nasal protruheranee nimo-t
' always indicates intellectual duil
; tiess and want of taroirfnirc.— hr.
There «lie*I last week at Margate,
England. Mrs. Richard Jesse Sh»
was Emily Tennyson, and vi a,
troth* d to Arthur Heurv Hallam.
whose death nearlv t»roke her heart
I ®nd gave to the surl-i that m>**»c
: lovely, pathetic |K>ein, **Iu Memori
; am.” Apropos of Tennyson, lie ha-*
just been preaento*! with a tankard
! bearing the inscription. **A pint pot
neatly graven. It was thugtiiof
the last two landlords of tie O. •
j Clock tavern at Tern|4e Bar. 'I •»«*
old tavern is now demolished—it
• only memory—and I»r-1 Tennyson
j has written an autograph letter »•*
Messrs. Spiers and Pond accept m;
. their gift and promising that *•■
shall be preserved as an lieirl-smi in
bis family.—Netr York (im/thir.
lx a Few Hmimr.o Yeah* **u So.
—The Tail of Table Rock at Niagara
Falls is the beginning of the en<».
The beginning, that is, of the disap
|>e ranee of Niagara tails »► »• n*t
! nral wonder. In a few bundled
years or so the river would Mali
down an incline*! plane ipulc.nl
falling »cer a cliff, and
Ovrifi . ^

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