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Vo,. III.. No. VI. CHARLESTOWN. JEFFERSON COUNTY. W. VA„ FRIDAY, APRIL 15. 1887. ~ ~__Price 3 Cents
Unfailing Specific tor Liter Disease. CVMDTMK* or tasU} 1,1 Olivlr IUiVIO. mouth; tongue coated white or covered with brown fur; pain in tin* hack, sides.or joints —often mistaken for Rheumatism;«>«/• stomach: touof <»/> jmtitr;sometimesnauseaand waterl»rash or indigestion; flatulency and acid erne lalions; bowels alternately costive and la\; headache; loss of memory, with a painful sensation of having faded to do something which ought to have hoe'1 done; debility; low spirits; a thick, vellow appearance of the skin and eyes; a dry cough; fever; restlessness; the urine is scanty and high colored, and, if allowed to stand, deposits a sediment. SIMMONS LIVER REGULATOR PURELY VEGETABLE) 1< generally used in the Smith t«» arouse the Torpid Liver to a healthy action, ll acts with extraordinary efli.-aey on the Liver, Kidneys, and Bowels. An effectual Specific for m.ilni1 iu. Bowoi Complaints, Dyspep»i«. Sick He.daehot Constipation. Billiousnesa. Kidney Affections. Jaundice, j Mental Depre**1*1'. Colic. I Endorsed l»v theuseof 7 Millions of Bot tles, as THE BEST FAMILY MEDICINE for Children, for Adults nnd for Hie ' Aged. feK24,eow-2m. i tc^ewA, "^^v\ aV\ts, ? ws? 1 .;. • ,' \ &V *&*.%*% • el?vyn\ * ' •> •. a r 1:.»f'-JT U ' r* , ;,J , !•- ; V' ;<.►< V«U:> « . -;..•!!■•'••. ’ . . U *• •*•- •. \ ifn^rflUit'C :.id ll *•'• . , Mtnruit'i t. ».T’ t •! "DC , | | . 41J rjtfVA Ixivreen lb**uffeuii/ . i h»if d >sta ^m:-il ””«U, On, June '. 18* iS^B^ffMSSTBSS® %: vv C3-1 st. N. Y mar.-*;*>-1 m Merchant Tailoring. Berryville, Virginia. carries a full line o! Fine Woolens, Coatings, Fancy Cassimeres, Silk Mixrtl ami Fancy Woislcils. AND A I T!.I. LINK OP i - j , \ 11 work guaranteed to l-e as rep resented. an<l first-class in tit and style. r Having employed a cutter, who j, jTjidur.tt1 of the .John Mitrlu1! t ut tiiig Scho. 1 of New \ ork. feel confident jti o!lr:n« our services to the citizens of .Icth i 'd that we can give entire satis la.tiou a id will use every n.-ans to give our work a high reputation. Sfifixfocfioh (• tutrortfeeif. apr.!','s* MEN WANTED to sell for the HOOKER NURSERIES.; Established ISC*. Permanent employ ment. Salary and Expenses or Liberal , Pont missions paid. Experience not ne- | eessarv. Appiv at once. 'll. K. 1IOOKKR CO., _ feb2f*-2m. Rochester, N. V. I Bucklen’s Arnica Salve. The best Salve in the world for Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt Hbourn, Fe- ; vit Sores, Tetter. Chapped Hands, t hn blains, Corns, anil all t^kin Eruptions, and positively cures Piles, or no pay re- I inured. It is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction, or money refunded. I rice 'St cents per b**x. For sale by George T. | Light. ianl4-S7._ WANTED. — To buv wild lands in West Virginia. Give full discretion and price. j • Address, l.(H'K BOX 70B, Pittsburg. Pa. WOMAN VS. LADY. ] A PLEA FOR A SENSIBLE AND HONORED TITLE. Abuse and Misuse of the Term “Lady” That Grows Wearisome—Another Word to be Tabooed. Philadelphia Record. Some time ago Notes and Queries j printed a short article on the sub ject of the peculiar sensitiveness of women to being called “women.1 To point the moral the writer cited an instance where a gentleman had knocked a cabman down for insult ing his wife. The insult consisted in applying to her an opprobrious epithet; in short, he had referred to her as a woman. Another case noted was the newspaper account of the marriage of a butcher, in which the polite reporter was made to say that the “lady whom Mr. So-aml-So married was a bar-maid. ’ This is only a common example of the the misapplication of the term “lady.” as almost everyone can bear testi raonv. What housekeeper is there who has not been told by her own maid that a lady wanted to see the woman of the house, and found that said lady was a laundress or a cook, or a beggar in search of cold vict uals or cast ott* clothes? But I think the acme of quasi politeness has been reached by the officials of the New York Board of Charities and Correction. One of them, whose duty it is to attend to the wants of a lot of bedraggled and beery women who file past hi3 desk, addressed , them occasionally with “Keep in line, ladies,” or “Wait your turn, ladies;” and another, while recently discussing the case ot one of the beeriest, most bedraggled and de i graded of her sex, said very earnest- ! lv: “What we want to do is to keep these ladies out. of the poorhouse." Could anything more clearly demon- I strate the abuses into which our language has fallen? W11AT CONSTITUTES A LADY. It is quite possible that a cook, or j a chambermaid, or a laundress may j be a lady at heart. It is also possi ble that the mistress of the house ! may be in no sense a lady. And this brings us to the query: “V hat does the word lady signify? To most of us. if we think about it. it means a human being of the female -ex, gifted with culture, refinement and breediug. V» e understand il in some way a' descriptive ot the kind of woman under tonsideration, it does not mean the costume she wears. The number of dollars lo her credit has nothing to do with it, and it certainly docs not apply to every person who wears a petticoat. But, notwithstanding the general conviction that “lady” conveys a pe culiar meaning, there lias long been a tendency, even among well-bred people, to refer to every woman, ex cept the lowest working clas^ as a lady. A THEORY OK THE \BI s*■ s ouiui*. The custom among domestics of' dubbing the cntiie part of female ; creation as ladies I have sometimes attributed to our democratic form of government. The peasants of the Old World never dream of being “ladies” in their own country. They come here where their chance is as J good as any one's one day to ride in their own coach-and-four; they find others no better than they called ladies; the word has a pleasant sound in their untutored and un- , reasoniug ears, and they cliug to it, as if by keeping a tight grip they would sooner reach the coveted posi tion. This is a notion of inv own, in which 1 may be mistaken. At all events the practice prevails, panic- 1 ularh among the class 1 have men tioned, and no amount of reasoning will bo likely to uproot it. A SENSIBLE ANl* I’BOPEU TITLE. But why is there a prejudice against the term woman? It is a 1 good Anglo Saxon word, comprehen sive and intelligent, and. as I under j stand it, carries no reproach with it. j No greater praise can be paid to the j human female than to call her a “womanly woman.' It gives an im pression of a combination of virtues and graces of mind and heart that j cau he conveyed by no other words. **A line woman.' **a good woman or “a plain woman” is quite sufficient for ordinary usage. The only time and season when there seems to be j any real demand for the word lady j is in describing a woman of rare ac- j complishments, elegant manners and j high birth. And, after all, it seems to me that the terms gentlewoman ! and lady arc synonymous. The one j is defined as gentle and well-bred. ; Does the other mean more or less? i It does not follow that “well-bred” means elegance of manner. The i most suave and polished e?fterior1 may be rotten at the core, and an j unpretentious surface may conceal the kindness and gentleness of na ture without which no man or woman can deserve the appellation of gen tleman or lady. But in spite of the foregone conclusion that woman is a proper and sensible title for all fe male humankind, there is a tremen dous prejudice against it, especially among w orkingwomen of the inter mediate class. The saleswomen in stores are among the greatest stick lers for their rights in this matter. Has any one ever known a “saleswo man'’ to advertise for a place? Every paper, however, sets forth the wants of more or less “salesladies. They may every one of them be ladies. Are they any the less wo men? THE “I.ADIES” PROTEST. This feeling exists more in this grade of society than among the more intelligent classes. Here the word is fast becoming obsolete, or at best only rarely used, and then to designate some peculiar quality. That this sentiment has long existed among the higher classes,^ even in the royal households of Europe, is proven by a little stor^ 1 iieaid some years ago. One of Queen \ ic toria’s maids of honor complained bitterly to her Majesty that John Brown had insulted her. “He called me a woman,” she explained. “And, pray, what arc you?” gravely re sponded the Queen. We belong to a democratic country. W hy cling to this fragment of aristocratic ex pression which at best is quasi genteel and in its present hard worked condition means absolutely nothing? the worst of all. “But if “lady” be objectionable “female” is still more so, and for ob vious reasons. We have female suf frage and female colleges, and female clubs, and female education ad libi tum, ad nauseum. Why employ the word “female” when “woman is meant? Dr. Williamson recently called the editor of the Jin fish Med ical Journal to account for heading a paper “Disorders of Females.” He read it, he says, expecting to find it a study in comparative physiology. And his point is well taken. “Fe male” does not apply exclusively to the human creature. It refers to sex solely, and may mean animal or even vegetable creation. The very lowest forms of life are male and female. Therefore let us taboo “fe males,” have fewer “ladies,” and more honest, intelligent, self-respect ing “women,” who are proud of the name and glorify it. FRENCII GEMS* AT ATTTION. Philadelphia! Record. Our American bonanza princesses will soon have a rare opportunity ot adorning themselves with the gems of royalty. On the 12th of May next the French Government will sell at public auction in the Palace of t he Tuileries all the French crown jewels. The French republic has no need for such baubles, and pro poses to convertthcin into solid cash for the benefit of the public treasury. There arc not less than forty-eight lots of diamonds, pearls, sapphires, rub.es, emeralds, garnets and other prcscious stones to be brought under the auctioneer’s hammer. It is esti mated that the value of these treas ures of deposed and defunct royalty cannot be less than $4,500,000. Many of the gems have historic as sociations that give them values far beyond their intrinsic worth. In the list are the Mazarin dia monds, given by a wealthy and am bitious Prince of the Church to a youthful king. Buyers will have an opportunity to purchase necklaces of pearls worn by C atuenne ue Me deci, and girdles of diamonds that adorned the waist ot Margaret of Valois. Marie Antoinette’s famous necklace is not in the catalogue, for that was returned to the jeweler. But there is in the collection the celebrated Regent diamond, which was bought by the Regent Duke of Orleans from the English Governor of Madras for $500,000 when France was floating on that tide ol flat money created by the magical finan ciering of John Law. This diamond afterward adorned the hilt of the sword worn by Napoleon 1 on great occasions of State. Then there is the girdle worn but once by the Em press Eugenie, and estimated to be worth $50,000. An effort was made by the Bonapartists to save this gem. but it has no sentimental inter est to the meu of the Republic and it must go under the hammer along with the rest. Another girdle of the Empress Eugenie is valued at $54, 000. Doubtless some admirers of the defunct empire will give for these relics quite as much as they are worth. On the 1st of Aprilthere was in the Vnited States treasury $445,170,244. After deducting the gold and silver held for the redemption of outstand ing certificates, the reserve fund for the payment of the greenbacks, and the fractional currency ‘‘not applica ble for debt reduction." the net treasury surplus on the first of April was $21,859,2S3. During the last month a reduction of $12,808,467 was made in the national debt. If roses become wilted before they can be put in water, immerse the ends of the stalks in very hot water for a minute or two, and they will regain their pristine freshness. A SPOOL OF THREAD. What Cotton Goes Through Before it Reaches the Needle. ■ Washington Star. Few people ever stop to think of the twistings and turnings and the various processes that cotton fiber goes through after it is taken from '’the pod before it is wound up on a i spool and ready for the housewife’s needle. The whole story is told, however, in a small space in one of the cases in the hall in the National 1 Museum given up to an exhibition of textile fabrics. This is one of the many object lessons in the mu seum, which, combined, are intended to tell the story of man as he exists on the earth. First is shown a spe cimen of cotton in the pod, just as it is picked, without having the seed j removed. Next is shown a specimen I of the same cotton after it has been ginned and the black seeds have been removed. The Sea Island cot | ton is used for thread on account of the length of the fiber. A sample of | the sacking in which the cotton is ! baled is also shown. Then the cot ' ton is supposed to have been baled j and shipped to the thread factory. ! Here the first thing that is done I with the cotton is to subject it to the | “picker” process, by which the cot* ! ton from several bales is mixed to ! secure uniformity. During the | picker process much waste, in the | form of dust, dirt and short fibers, ! a«*e separated from the good fibers by tnc picser. ,>ext tnc "picKeu cotton is wound on a machine, in 1 sheets or laps, into a roll. The next : process illustrated by a practical | exhibit is the carding by which the [ sheets of cotton are combed or run ; out into long parallel filters. The cotton is next seer, drawn through i a trumpet-shaped opening, which condenses it into a single strand or j “sliver.” Then eight such slivers : are run together into one, six of the 1 strands thus produced are drawn into one. and again six of the j strands from the last drawing are ; combined intoone. Then comes the j slubbing or fast “roving” process, which consists of winding the strand and bobbin. Two strands are twist : ed and again wound oil a bobbin. After a number of twistings and i windiug-.diiring vrhicI'*.V> strand is ' gradually reduced in size, until it begins to assume a threadlike ap pearance, two strands of this fine I “roving” are run together and twist ed, under considerable tension, on a bobbin that makes 7.000 revolutions a minute. Two of flu* Cords tliu3 i produced are then wound together on a spool, and then twisted from that to another spool. The two cord thread thus produced is trans ferred thence to another spool, and then three threads of two cords each arc twisted together, forming six cord thread. One who has followed the process sees the cotton gradual ly transformed from a wide band or sheet of loose cotton to a compact thread that will pass through the eye of a needle. The six-cord thread is at last taken from a bobbin and reeled into a skein, in which form it is bleached or dyed. Then it is wound back upon the skein upon a big spool, from which it is sup plied to little white birch spools from which it is wound in regular , courses, and is then ready for the market. The machine that regulates the last winding measures the num ber of yards wound on each spool. The spools are'inade of various sizes to hold from 200 to 12.000 yards of thread. The labels that decorate the end of the spools when they are sold are last put on. They are cut and pasted on In* machinery with great rapidity. SUPPLIES FOR INDIAKS. An Idea of What Uncle Sam Furnishes to His Charge. Ou the 7th inst., Indian. Commis sioner Atkin* left Washington lor | St. Louis, whore he will receive bids for furnishing subsistence for the Indians for the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1888. The items and quantities of subsistence advertised for are as follows: About 889,000 pounds of bacon. 30.000,000 pounds of beef on the hoof. 270,000 pounds beans, 700,000 pounds corn. 495.000 i pounds coffee, 8,000,000 pounds flour, 36,000 pounds feed. 135.000 pounds hard bread, 83.000 jtounds ; hominy, 25,000 pounds lard, 950 i barrels mess pork, 160,000 pounds I rice, 7,500 pounds tea. 300,000 pounds salt. 970,000 pounds sugar, and 50,000 pounds wheat. Also. ! transportation for such of the arti ! cles, goods and supplies that may not be contracted for to be delivered at the agencies. From St. Louis the Commissioner ! will go to New York, where, on the 3d of May, he will open bids for fur nishing the Indian service with sup plies, such as blankets, woolen and cotton goods. 585,000 yards of calico, drilling, duck, gingham, sheeting, etc., are to be purchased. Among other item9 Commissioner AtkiDs advertises for 238,000 pounds of soap and 77,000 pounds of baking powder. These are in addition to clothing, groceries, no ! tions, hardware, medical supplies. ■ school hooks, etc., and a long list of miscellaneous articles, such as har ness, plows, rakes, forks, etc., and i for about four hundred wagons re ' quired for the service,to be delivered I at Chicago, Kansas City, Sioux City. I Also for such wagons as may be re quired, adapted to the climate of the Pacific coast, with California brakes, delivered at San Francisco. unreasoning' zealots and THE RUM REFORM. Rev. John Snyder, in the Forum. A sensitive and inflamed con science is not always or often the safest guide in determining what shall be the character and course of social reforms. It too frequently finds its moral satisfaction in hasty, immature, if not violent activities. It is not a grateful task, and cer i tainly not a popular one, to under estimate, even in seeming, the awful evils of the drink habit. They are sufficiently enormous to command for their extirpation the utmost en ergy and wisdom of every lover of j his country and his kind. But have they so far outstripped in growth and power the wholesome forces of Christian civilization that these forces must be practically abandoned for a legal measure which seeks to curb the license of the vicious by destroying the rational liberty of the virtuous? Surely not. Such a confession would impeach Christi anity itself. It would, moreover, defeat the end it had in view. The belief that rum was slowly but sure 1 drowning out the manhood of the race would stimulate a few conscien tous reformers to superhuman effort, but it would depress the great mul- j titude of men and women whose best j encouragement would bo the memory of half a century of defeats. HOW GOLD IS EXPORTED. _ Something of Interest and New to Many | Readers. [Boston Commercial Bulletin.] Each keg contains $50,000 in1 clear gold. It is from the Bank of I America, at New York, that most of the gold is shipped from that city. The foreign steamships sail ing from this city now carry little or do gold, although the reverse was the ease years ago. The shipments of gold are not generally on the bank’s account. At a first glance persons might well suppose that when the demand arises for gold to send abroad the shipper would only . have to send in his order for his ! hundreds of thousands to the Sub- | Treasury, where millions of specie arc on deposit. But there are suit!- j eient reasons why this plan will not ! work. The Sub-Treasury can pay out its coin only to creditors of the Government. With the Bank of America the associated banks keep on deposit constantly an enormous sum of gold, sometimes amounting to $40,000,000. To the members of the bank association the Bank of j America issues its own certificates | against these deposits redeemable on i demand. So, when there is occasion for making a gold shipment, the i coin is prepared for that purpose in i the rear ollice of that bank; here it j is bagged and kegged and made ready for shipment. Kegs in which gold is packed—specie kegs, as they ; arc called—arc made of extra hard j wood. They must have an extra iron hoop. Specie is not thrown loosely into a keg, nor, upon the j other hand, is it carefully wrapped in tissue paper and piled one coin upon another. The keg serves only as a protection for canvas bags, into which the gold is placed in the or dinary hit and miss fashion of pen- : nies into a man's pocket. Into each ! bag goes $5,000, and ten bags fill a Keg. in tue interest 01 seountj ' each keg is treated to what is tech nically known among the shippers as the red taping process. At each end of the keg, in the projecting i rim of the staves above the head, are bored four holes at equidistant intervals. A piece of red tape is run through these holes, crossing on the head of the keg, and the ends finally meet in the center. At the j point of meeting the tape is sealed ; to the keg’s head by wax bearing j the stamp of the shipper. Gold ; crosses the ocean very much as does every other kind of freight, j without any special looking after. The average rate of insurance is about #2,000 on a shipment of $1, 000,000. There are shippers who 1 do not insure. Having to ship #1,- j 000,000, they give it in equal parts to half a dozen different vessels. It is a strict rule with sqme’firms never to trust more than $250,000 at a time on any one ship. A certain party furnishes all the kegs for gold and packs them. The man who does this is a monopolist in his way. Shippers of large amounts always lose a few dollars by abrasion, but not exceeding sixteen ounces on a million dollar shipment. The only protection to be found against abra sion lies in the shipment of gold in bars instead of coin. Gold bars are not readily obtained. -> - J Texas boasts of a cattle ranch with three millions of acres. HOW EDITOR DANA LIVES. J. H. Connolly, in the Cook. A familiar figure in the streets of New York, is that of a sturdy, ath letic man, with a firm yet springy tread, keenly observant look and ge nial smile, whose strongly marked individuality would cause almost any stranger to ask, “Who is he? ’ and almost any New Yorker would promptly reply, “That is the Hon. Charles A. Dana, the representative editor.” Neither in face or figure does he seem to be more than forty years of age, yet on the 8th of Au gust next,he will be sixty-six. That he should still be in manhood's prime, after so many years of ener getic, exhaustive, unremitting toil, ever under the weightiest responsi bilities and cares of editorial, liter ary and public life, is surprising. How does he do it? “Well,” Mr. Dana replied, smilingly, to one who put that question, “I live well and take rational exercise. I have no hobbies about plain and simple food, but cat all I can get that is good and that I know by experience agrees with me. Theories about eating are all nonsense. Experience must govern every sensible man’s selection of his food. If a man like Gould, who has one of the best of cooks—or Vanderbilt, confines himself to a few simple dishes, it is because he has learned by experi ence that they agree best with him. Some men naturally have weak di gestive powers and must put strange restriction on themselves. Conkling, for instance, when in Washington, used to breakfast always on baked j apples and a little bread. I use t very little fruit, some vegetables, a : good deal of bread, but mainly | meats—meats of any kind, I have j no prejudices, iwo good meals a, day arc enough for me. If I take j luncheon it is very light—hardly more than a glass of milk. “Do I drink wine? Oh, yes; dry cham pagne, because I consider that best. I left off long ago drinking claret, hock and all sweet wines. They and fruit tend to rheumatism and gout. The only safe thing to drink, if you would avoid gout, is dry champagne. Burgundy? Ah! A man of sound principles would rath er have the gout a little than aban don it altogether.' Corton and Mn signy, or even a fine Lafittc, are well worth some hazard. Yes, and Clos do Vougeot is very good, too. With either of them you get a sort of transcendental thing that you would risk something for. I take tea at breakfast, but use very little coffee. All through the war, when I was riding a great deal on horseback, after being all day in the saddle, coffee was useful and pleasant, but it does not agree with my habits of life since then. It has more effect upon my nervous system than tea has. No, I do not smoke, do not use tobacco in any form. It is not digestible. That is a matter of ex- | perience, not of theory.’' The conversation drifting to the subject of exercise, Mr. Dana said: “ From 1850 to 1870, I took a good deal of horseback exercise. After the war I rode a great deal in Dickel’s afterward Green’s and also at a little riding school kept by my friend Pal omino on East Twenty-second street. I have a great passion tor breaking green, young horses to the high manege. While the main purpose is exercise, the attraction is the fun of it. I used to train horses to all sorts of circus tricks. Of late jears I have not done so much riding. It takes too much time. My main ex ercise since partly giving up riding has been billiards. One can always find time for a game of billiards. And it is an excellent exercise. Your whole frame is brought into sufficiently active exertion, not of a violent kind, and your mind is quite taken away from the subjects that < habitually occupy it. That is what makes both billiards and horseback riding such valuable exercise, the best, indeed, for men engaged in in tellectual pursuits. Yes, draw-poker is good in its way. I do not wish j to underrate it as an intellectual or diverting pursuit, but you don’t get the exercise from it that you do from riding or billiards. Walking is exercise for the sake of exercise, and objectionable for that reason. CHRISTIANITY IN CHINA. The Rev. Jonathan Crossett, who for seventeen years has been a mis sionary in China, says that one sec tion of China is still untouched by the missionaries—the Mongols liv ing on the north and" West. The Mongols go down to Lassa in Thibet as a Mecca, 3nd evidence can be found among them of the teachings of the early Christians. They are the most tenacious as to their re ligion of any people whom he had ever met. Their deity is called Rorbam. or “light,” and their beleif _Lamaism—is founded upon tenets held by all Cristians. They observe one day in every seven, and although they worship idols they have ten commandments similar to the Bibli cal commandments, and their system of morals is very high. HINTS TO HOUSEKEEPERS. A piece of charcoal laid upon a barn will ease it almost immediate ly, and if kept there about an hour, ! it is said, the wound will be entirely healed. When attacked by palpitation of the heart, let the patient lie down as ; soon as possible on the right side, partially on the face. In this posi tion the heart will resume its action almost immediately. To preserve goods from moths, do not use camphor in any form. Pieces of tar paper laid in fur boxes and in closets are a better protection. Five cents will buy enough to equip all the packing boxes and closets of a large house for a year. To cure a felon, saturate a bit of grated wild turnip the size of a bean with spirits of turpentine, and ap ply to the affected part. It relieves the pain at once, and in twelve hours or less there will be a hole to the bone. Dress with sticking salve, and the finger will get well. A good knowledge of watering is at the bottom of success with the window flowers. Water must run in readily and run out readily. When a plant is watered, it is a good sign to sec the water rush out into the saucer through the bottom of the pot. If it does not do that, something is wrong. Never place freslt eggs near luru, fruit, cheese, fish or other articles from which any odor arises. The eggs are extremely active in absorb - ing power, and in a very short time they will be contaminated by the particles of objects in their neigh borhood, by which the peculiar and exquisite taste of a new-laid egg will be destroyed. A bottle of turpentine should be kept in every house, for its uses are numerous. A few drops sprinkled where cockroaches congregate will exterminate them at once, also ants, red or black. Moths will flee from the odor of it. Besides, it is an ex cellcnt application for a burn or cut. It will take ink stains out of white muslin, when added to soap, and will help*to whiten clothes if added to them while boiling. f Couned Beef Hash.—Take tender boiled corned beef, entirely free from fat or gristle; chop it fine, and mix with it chopped boiled potatoes in the proportion of one cup of beef to three of potatoes. Add enough salt, to season the potatoes; pepper to your taste; mix very thoroughly to gether, and let it stand over night. Half an hour before the time to serve place it on the lire in an iron frying pan, with one tablcspoonful of cold water and a teaspoonful of butter to each cup of the mixture. Let this cook slowly on the back of the range, stirring frequently; if it becomes too dry, add boiling water. Taste it, and if not sufficiently seasoned, throw in some pepper and salt, but very cautiously. Serve very hot. Plcii Cake.—Take a good pound of butter, squeeze the water out of it, then beat it smooth with a spoon. Add one pound of coarse brown su gar, mix it well, then drop in ten eggs, one by one out of the shell; beat all for ten minutes. Then add a glass and a half of whisky, boiling hot (prepared according to the di rections given below), three pounds of currants, well washed, dried and picked, mixed on a dish with a pound a half of flour, to be added by degrees to the ingredients; not to beat much in this stage. Add half a pound of dried citron and candied orange peel, shred in thick slices. Paper your shape, without buttering it, putting many folds of paper on the bottom to prevent it burning. Bake live hours in a slow oven. Di rections for boiling whisky: Put a handful of sugar, any sort, and a lump of butter into a saucepan to burn. When burnt take it off the fire and throw in a glass and a half of whisky. Let it simmer until it has absorbed the color of the sugar. In this state add to the cake. Icing the cake may be done a day or two afterward, as it need not be put into the oven to dry. Haif a pound of icing sugar, the white of one egg well beaten; add the sugar and beat on; then add a wineglassful of vim gar aud beat well togethe*. Then lay it thickly on the case wiu» u knife; leave the cake in a dry place until the sugar is quite hard. The cake will keep three months. Sewing Machine Motor.—A Washington special says: A patent has been issued to two Philadelphia men for running sewing machine.-. The apparatus covered by the patent is claimed to be a reliable substitute for foot power, which does away with the laborious and fatiguing treadle. The motive power is sup plied by ordinary clock springs arranged so as to run the motor witi: any speed desired by simply bearing the foot on a rest. By winding the spring suflicient power is obtained to run a sewing machine several hours. The noiselc-ssness and smoothness or its working, and the ease with which the speed can be regulated and controlled are pecu liarly favorable features of this use ful invention.