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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, April 15, 1887, Image 1

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Vo,. III.. No. VI. CHARLESTOWN. JEFFERSON COUNTY. W. VA„ FRIDAY, APRIL 15. 1887. ~ ~__Price 3 Cents
Unfailing Specific tor Liter Disease.
CVMDTMK* or tasU} 1,1
Olivlr IUiVIO. mouth; tongue coated
white or covered with brown fur; pain in
tin* hack, sides.or joints —often mistaken
for Rheumatism;«>«/• stomach: touof <»/>
jmtitr;sometimesnauseaand waterl»rash
or indigestion; flatulency and acid erne
lalions; bowels alternately costive and
la\; headache; loss of memory, with a
painful sensation of having faded to do
something which ought to have hoe'1
done; debility; low spirits; a thick,
vellow appearance of the skin and eyes;
a dry cough; fever; restlessness; the
urine is scanty and high colored, and, if
allowed to stand, deposits a sediment.
SIMMONS LIVER REGULATOR
PURELY VEGETABLE)
1< generally used in the Smith t«» arouse
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ll acts with extraordinary efli.-aey on
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Kidneys,
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An effectual Specific for
m.ilni1 iu. Bowoi Complaints,
Dyspep»i«. Sick He.daehot
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Ixivreen lb**uffeuii/ . i h»if d >sta ^m:-il
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mar.-*;*>-1 m
Merchant Tailoring.
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carries a full line o!
Fine Woolens,
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Fancy Cassimeres,
Silk Mixrtl ami Fancy Woislcils.
AND A I T!.I. LINK OP
i
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j , \ 11 work guaranteed to l-e as rep
resented. an<l first-class in tit and style.
r Having employed a cutter, who
j, jTjidur.tt1 of the .John Mitrlu1! t ut
tiiig Scho. 1 of New \ ork. feel confident
jti o!lr:n« our services to the citizens of
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la.tiou a id will use every n.-ans to give
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Sfifixfocfioh (• tutrortfeeif.
apr.!','s*
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inured. It is guaranteed to give perfect
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Light. ianl4-S7._
WANTED.

To buv wild lands in West Virginia.
Give full discretion and price. j
• Address, l.(H'K BOX 70B,
Pittsburg. Pa.
WOMAN VS. LADY. ]
A PLEA FOR A SENSIBLE AND
HONORED TITLE.
Abuse and Misuse of the Term “Lady”
That Grows Wearisome—Another
Word to be Tabooed.
Philadelphia Record.
Some time ago Notes and Queries j
printed a short article on the sub
ject of the peculiar sensitiveness of
women to being called “women.1 To
point the moral the writer cited an
instance where a gentleman had
knocked a cabman down for insult
ing his wife. The insult consisted
in applying to her an opprobrious
epithet; in short, he had referred to
her as a woman. Another case
noted was the newspaper account of
the marriage of a butcher, in which
the polite reporter was made to say
that the “lady whom Mr. So-aml-So
married was a bar-maid. ’ This is
only a common example of the the
misapplication of the term “lady.”
as almost everyone can bear testi
raonv. What housekeeper is there
who has not been told by her own
maid that a lady wanted to see the
woman of the house, and found that
said lady was a laundress or a cook,
or a beggar in search of cold vict
uals or cast ott* clothes? But I think
the acme of quasi politeness has
been reached by the officials of the
New York Board of Charities and
Correction. One of them, whose
duty it is to attend to the wants of
a lot of bedraggled and beery women
who file past hi3 desk, addressed ,
them occasionally with “Keep in
line, ladies,” or “Wait your turn,
ladies;” and another, while recently
discussing the case ot one of the
beeriest, most bedraggled and de i
graded of her sex, said very earnest- !
lv: “What we want to do is to keep
these ladies out. of the poorhouse."
Could anything more clearly demon- I
strate the abuses into which our
language has fallen?
W11AT CONSTITUTES A LADY.
It is quite possible that a cook, or j
a chambermaid, or a laundress may j
be a lady at heart. It is also possi
ble that the mistress of the house !
may be in no sense a lady. And
this brings us to the query: “V hat
does the word lady signify? To
most of us. if we think about it. it
means a human being of the female
-ex, gifted with culture, refinement
and breediug. V» e understand il in
some way a' descriptive ot the kind
of woman under tonsideration, it
does not mean the costume she
wears. The number of dollars lo
her credit has nothing to do with it,
and it certainly docs not apply to
every person who wears a petticoat.
But, notwithstanding the general
conviction that “lady” conveys a pe
culiar meaning, there lias long been
a tendency, even among well-bred
people, to refer to every woman, ex
cept the lowest working clas^ as a
lady.
A THEORY OK THE \BI s*■ s ouiui*.
The custom among domestics of'
dubbing the cntiie part of female ;
creation as ladies I have sometimes
attributed to our democratic form
of government. The peasants of
the Old World never dream of being
“ladies” in their own country. They
come here where their chance is as J
good as any one's one day to ride in
their own coach-and-four; they find
others no better than they called
ladies; the word has a pleasant
sound in their untutored and un- ,
reasoniug ears, and they cliug to it,
as if by keeping a tight grip they
would sooner reach the coveted posi
tion. This is a notion of inv own,
in which 1 may be mistaken. At all
events the practice prevails, panic- 1
ularh among the class 1 have men
tioned, and no amount of reasoning
will bo likely to uproot it.
A SENSIBLE ANl* I’BOPEU TITLE.
But why is there a prejudice
against the term woman? It is a 1
good Anglo Saxon word, comprehen
sive and intelligent, and. as I under j
stand it, carries no reproach with it. j
No greater praise can be paid to the j
human female than to call her a
“womanly woman.' It gives an im
pression of a combination of virtues
and graces of mind and heart that j
cau he conveyed by no other words.
**A line woman.' **a good woman or
“a plain woman” is quite sufficient
for ordinary usage. The only time
and season when there seems to be j
any real demand for the word lady j
is in describing a woman of rare ac- j
complishments, elegant manners and j
high birth. And, after all, it seems
to me that the terms gentlewoman !
and lady arc synonymous. The one j
is defined as gentle and well-bred. ;
Does the other mean more or less? i
It does not follow that “well-bred”
means elegance of manner. The i
most suave and polished e?fterior1
may be rotten at the core, and an j
unpretentious surface may conceal
the kindness and gentleness of na
ture without which no man or woman
can deserve the appellation of gen
tleman or lady. But in spite of the
foregone conclusion that woman is a
proper and sensible title for all fe
male humankind, there is a tremen
dous prejudice against it, especially
among w orkingwomen of the inter
mediate class. The saleswomen in
stores are among the greatest stick
lers for their rights in this matter.
Has any one ever known a “saleswo
man'’ to advertise for a place?
Every paper, however, sets forth the
wants of more or less “salesladies.
They may every one of them be
ladies. Are they any the less wo
men?
THE “I.ADIES” PROTEST.
This feeling exists more in this
grade of society than among the
more intelligent classes. Here the
word is fast becoming obsolete, or
at best only rarely used, and then
to designate some peculiar quality.
That this sentiment has long existed
among the higher classes,^ even in
the royal households of Europe, is
proven by a little stor^ 1 iieaid
some years ago. One of Queen \ ic
toria’s maids of honor complained
bitterly to her Majesty that John
Brown had insulted her. “He called
me a woman,” she explained. “And,
pray, what arc you?” gravely re
sponded the Queen. We belong to
a democratic country. W hy cling
to this fragment of aristocratic ex
pression which at best is quasi
genteel and in its present hard
worked condition means absolutely
nothing?
the worst of all.
“But if “lady” be objectionable
“female” is still more so, and for ob
vious reasons. We have female suf
frage and female colleges, and female
clubs, and female education ad libi
tum, ad nauseum. Why employ the
word “female” when “woman is
meant? Dr. Williamson recently
called the editor of the Jin fish Med
ical Journal to account for heading
a paper “Disorders of Females.” He
read it, he says, expecting to find it
a study in comparative physiology.
And his point is well taken. “Fe
male” does not apply exclusively to
the human creature. It refers to
sex solely, and may mean animal or
even vegetable creation. The very
lowest forms of life are male and
female. Therefore let us taboo “fe
males,” have fewer “ladies,” and
more honest, intelligent, self-respect
ing “women,” who are proud of the
name and glorify it.
FRENCII GEMS* AT ATTTION.
Philadelphia! Record.
Our American bonanza princesses
will soon have a rare opportunity ot
adorning themselves with the gems
of royalty. On the 12th of May
next the French Government will
sell at public auction in the Palace
of t he Tuileries all the French crown
jewels. The French republic has
no need for such baubles, and pro
poses to convertthcin into solid cash
for the benefit of the public treasury.
There arc not less than forty-eight
lots of diamonds, pearls, sapphires,
rub.es, emeralds, garnets and other
prcscious stones to be brought under
the auctioneer’s hammer. It is esti
mated that the value of these treas
ures of deposed and defunct royalty
cannot be less than $4,500,000.
Many of the gems have historic as
sociations that give them values far
beyond their intrinsic worth.
In the list are the Mazarin dia
monds, given by a wealthy and am
bitious Prince of the Church to a
youthful king. Buyers will have an
opportunity to purchase necklaces
of pearls worn by C atuenne ue Me
deci, and girdles of diamonds that
adorned the waist ot Margaret of
Valois. Marie Antoinette’s famous
necklace is not in the catalogue, for
that was returned to the jeweler.
But there is in the collection the
celebrated Regent diamond, which
was bought by the Regent Duke of
Orleans from the English Governor
of Madras for $500,000 when France
was floating on that tide ol flat
money created by the magical finan
ciering of John Law. This diamond
afterward adorned the hilt of the
sword worn by Napoleon 1 on great
occasions of State. Then there is
the girdle worn but once by the Em
press Eugenie, and estimated to be
worth $50,000. An effort was made
by the Bonapartists to save this
gem. but it has no sentimental inter
est to the meu of the Republic and
it must go under the hammer along
with the rest. Another girdle of the
Empress Eugenie is valued at $54,
000. Doubtless some admirers of
the defunct empire will give for
these relics quite as much as they
are worth.
On the 1st of Aprilthere was in the
Vnited States treasury $445,170,244.
After deducting the gold and silver
held for the redemption of outstand
ing certificates, the reserve fund for
the payment of the greenbacks, and
the fractional currency ‘‘not applica
ble for debt reduction." the net
treasury surplus on the first of April
was $21,859,2S3. During the last
month a reduction of $12,808,467
was made in the national debt.
If roses become wilted before they
can be put in water, immerse the
ends of the stalks in very hot water
for a minute or two, and they will
regain their pristine freshness.
A SPOOL OF THREAD.
What Cotton Goes Through Before it
Reaches the Needle.

Washington Star.
Few people ever stop to think of
the twistings and turnings and the
various processes that cotton fiber
goes through after it is taken from
'’the pod before it is wound up on a
i spool and ready for the housewife’s
needle. The whole story is told,
however, in a small space in one of
the cases in the hall in the National
1 Museum given up to an exhibition
of textile fabrics. This is one of
the many object lessons in the mu
seum, which, combined, are intended
to tell the story of man as he exists
on the earth. First is shown a spe
cimen of cotton in the pod, just as it
is picked, without having the seed
j removed. Next is shown a specimen
I of the same cotton after it has been
ginned and the black seeds have
been removed. The Sea Island cot
| ton is used for thread on account of
the length of the fiber. A sample of
| the sacking in which the cotton is
! baled is also shown. Then the cot
' ton is supposed to have been baled
j and shipped to the thread factory.
! Here the first thing that is done
I with the cotton is to subject it to the
| “picker” process, by which the cot*
! ton from several bales is mixed to
! secure uniformity. During the
| picker process much waste, in the
| form of dust, dirt and short fibers,
! a«*e separated from the good fibers
by tnc picser. ,>ext tnc "picKeu
cotton is wound on a machine, in
1 sheets or laps, into a roll. The next
: process illustrated by a practical
| exhibit is the carding by which the
[ sheets of cotton are combed or run
; out into long parallel filters. The
cotton is next seer, drawn through
i a trumpet-shaped opening, which
condenses it into a single strand or
j “sliver.” Then eight such slivers
: are run together into one, six of the
1 strands thus produced are drawn
into one. and again six of the
j strands from the last drawing are
; combined intoone. Then comes the
j slubbing or fast “roving” process,
which consists of winding the strand
and bobbin. Two strands are twist
: ed and again wound oil a bobbin.
After a number of twistings and
i windiug-.diiring vrhicI'*.V> strand is
' gradually reduced in size, until it
begins to assume a threadlike ap
pearance, two strands of this fine
I “roving” are run together and twist
ed, under considerable tension, on a
bobbin that makes 7.000 revolutions
a minute. Two of flu* Cords tliu3
i produced are then wound together
on a spool, and then twisted from
that to another spool. The two
cord thread thus produced is trans
ferred thence to another spool, and
then three threads of two cords each
arc twisted together, forming six
cord thread. One who has followed
the process sees the cotton gradual
ly transformed from a wide band or
sheet of loose cotton to a compact
thread that will pass through the
eye of a needle. The six-cord thread
is at last taken from a bobbin and
reeled into a skein, in which form it
is bleached or dyed. Then it is
wound back upon the skein upon
a big spool, from which it is sup
plied to little white birch spools
from which it is wound in regular
, courses, and is then ready for the
market. The machine that regulates
the last winding measures the num
ber of yards wound on each spool.
The spools are'inade of various sizes
to hold from 200 to 12.000 yards of
thread. The labels that decorate
the end of the spools when they are
sold are last put on. They are cut
and pasted on In* machinery with
great rapidity.
SUPPLIES FOR INDIAKS.
An Idea of What Uncle Sam Furnishes
to His Charge.
Ou the 7th inst., Indian. Commis
sioner Atkin* left Washington lor
| St. Louis, whore he will receive bids
for furnishing subsistence for the
Indians for the fiscal year ending
June 30th, 1888. The items and
quantities of subsistence advertised
for are as follows: About 889,000
pounds of bacon. 30.000,000 pounds
of beef on the hoof. 270,000 pounds
beans, 700,000 pounds corn. 495.000
i pounds coffee, 8,000,000 pounds
flour, 36,000 pounds feed. 135.000
pounds hard bread, 83.000 jtounds
; hominy, 25,000 pounds lard, 950
i barrels mess pork, 160,000 pounds
I rice, 7,500 pounds tea. 300,000
pounds salt. 970,000 pounds sugar,
and 50,000 pounds wheat. Also.
! transportation for such of the arti
! cles, goods and supplies that may
not be contracted for to be delivered
at the agencies.
From St. Louis the Commissioner
! will go to New York, where, on the
3d of May, he will open bids for fur
nishing the Indian service with sup
plies, such as blankets, woolen and
cotton goods. 585,000 yards of calico,
drilling, duck, gingham, sheeting,
etc., are to be purchased.
Among other item9 Commissioner
AtkiDs advertises for 238,000
pounds of soap and 77,000 pounds
of baking powder. These are in
addition to clothing, groceries, no
! tions, hardware, medical supplies.
■ school hooks, etc., and a long list of
miscellaneous articles, such as har
ness, plows, rakes, forks, etc., and
i for about four hundred wagons re
' quired for the service,to be delivered
I at Chicago, Kansas City, Sioux City.
I Also for such wagons as may be re
quired, adapted to the climate of
the Pacific coast, with California
brakes, delivered at San Francisco.
unreasoning' zealots and
THE RUM REFORM.
Rev. John Snyder, in the Forum.
A sensitive and inflamed con
science is not always or often the
safest guide in determining what
shall be the character and course of
social reforms. It too frequently
finds its moral satisfaction in hasty,
immature, if not violent activities.
It is not a grateful task, and cer
i tainly not a popular one, to under
estimate, even in seeming, the awful
evils of the drink habit. They are
sufficiently enormous to command
for their extirpation the utmost en
ergy and wisdom of every lover of
j his country and his kind. But have
they so far outstripped in growth
and power the wholesome forces of
Christian civilization that these
forces must be practically abandoned
for a legal measure which seeks to
curb the license of the vicious by
destroying the rational liberty of
the virtuous? Surely not. Such a
confession would impeach Christi
anity itself. It would, moreover,
defeat the end it had in view. The
belief that rum was slowly but sure
1 drowning out the manhood of the
race would stimulate a few conscien
tous reformers to superhuman effort,
but it would depress the great mul- j
titude of men and women whose best j
encouragement would bo the memory
of half a century of defeats.
HOW GOLD IS EXPORTED.
_
Something of Interest and New to Many |
Readers.
[Boston Commercial Bulletin.]
Each keg contains $50,000 in1
clear gold. It is from the Bank of I
America, at New York, that most
of the gold is shipped from that
city. The foreign steamships sail
ing from this city now carry little
or do gold, although the reverse was
the ease years ago. The shipments
of gold are not generally on the
bank’s account. At a first glance
persons might well suppose that
when the demand arises for gold to
send abroad the shipper would only .
have to send in his order for his
! hundreds of thousands to the Sub- |
Treasury, where millions of specie
arc on deposit. But there are suit!- j
eient reasons why this plan will not !
work. The Sub-Treasury can pay
out its coin only to creditors of the
Government. With the Bank of
America the associated banks keep
on deposit constantly an enormous
sum of gold, sometimes amounting
to $40,000,000. To the members of
the bank association the Bank of j
America issues its own certificates |
against these deposits redeemable on
i demand. So, when there is occasion
for making a gold shipment, the i
coin is prepared for that purpose in
i the rear ollice of that bank; here it
j is bagged and kegged and made
ready for shipment. Kegs in which
gold is packed—specie kegs, as they ;
arc called—arc made of extra hard j
wood. They must have an extra
iron hoop. Specie is not thrown
loosely into a keg, nor, upon the j
other hand, is it carefully wrapped
in tissue paper and piled one coin
upon another. The keg serves only
as a protection for canvas bags, into
which the gold is placed in the or
dinary hit and miss fashion of pen- :
nies into a man's pocket. Into each !
bag goes $5,000, and ten bags fill a
Keg. in tue interest 01 seountj
' each keg is treated to what is tech
nically known among the shippers
as the red taping process. At each
end of the keg, in the projecting
i rim of the staves above the head,
are bored four holes at equidistant
intervals. A piece of red tape is
run through these holes, crossing on
the head of the keg, and the ends
finally meet in the center. At the j
point of meeting the tape is sealed ;
to the keg’s head by wax bearing j
the stamp of the shipper. Gold ;
crosses the ocean very much as
does every other kind of freight, j
without any special looking after.
The average rate of insurance is
about #2,000 on a shipment of $1,
000,000. There are shippers who 1
do not insure. Having to ship #1,- j
000,000, they give it in equal parts
to half a dozen different vessels. It
is a strict rule with sqme’firms never
to trust more than $250,000 at a
time on any one ship. A certain
party furnishes all the kegs for gold
and packs them. The man who does
this is a monopolist in his way.
Shippers of large amounts always
lose a few dollars by abrasion, but
not exceeding sixteen ounces on a
million dollar shipment. The only
protection to be found against abra
sion lies in the shipment of gold in
bars instead of coin. Gold bars are
not readily obtained.
-> -
J Texas boasts of a cattle ranch
with three millions of acres.
HOW EDITOR DANA LIVES.
J. H. Connolly, in the Cook.
A familiar figure in the streets of
New York, is that of a sturdy, ath
letic man, with a firm yet springy
tread, keenly observant look and ge
nial smile, whose strongly marked
individuality would cause almost
any stranger to ask, “Who is he? ’
and almost any New Yorker would
promptly reply, “That is the Hon.
Charles A. Dana, the representative
editor.” Neither in face or figure
does he seem to be more than forty
years of age, yet on the 8th of Au
gust next,he will be sixty-six. That
he should still be in manhood's
prime, after so many years of ener
getic, exhaustive, unremitting toil,
ever under the weightiest responsi
bilities and cares of editorial, liter
ary and public life, is surprising.
How does he do it? “Well,” Mr.
Dana replied, smilingly, to one who
put that question, “I live well and
take rational exercise. I have no
hobbies about plain and simple food,
but cat all I can get that is good
and that I know by experience
agrees with me. Theories about
eating are all nonsense. Experience
must govern every sensible man’s
selection of his food. If a man
like Gould, who has one of the best
of cooks—or Vanderbilt, confines
himself to a few simple dishes, it is
because he has learned by experi
ence that they agree best with him.
Some men naturally have weak di
gestive powers and must put strange
restriction on themselves. Conkling,
for instance, when in Washington,
used to breakfast always on baked j
apples and a little bread. I use t
very little fruit, some vegetables, a :
good deal of bread, but mainly |
meats—meats of any kind, I have j
no prejudices, iwo good meals a,
day arc enough for me. If I take j
luncheon it is very light—hardly
more than a glass of milk. “Do I
drink wine? Oh, yes; dry cham
pagne, because I consider that best.
I left off long ago drinking claret,
hock and all sweet wines. They
and fruit tend to rheumatism and
gout. The only safe thing to drink,
if you would avoid gout, is dry
champagne. Burgundy? Ah! A
man of sound principles would rath
er have the gout a little than aban
don it altogether.' Corton and Mn
signy, or even a fine Lafittc, are well
worth some hazard. Yes, and Clos
do Vougeot is very good, too. With
either of them you get a sort of
transcendental thing that you would
risk something for. I take tea at
breakfast, but use very little coffee.
All through the war, when I was
riding a great deal on horseback,
after being all day in the saddle,
coffee was useful and pleasant, but
it does not agree with my habits of
life since then. It has more effect
upon my nervous system than tea
has. No, I do not smoke, do not
use tobacco in any form. It is not
digestible. That is a matter of ex- |
perience, not of theory.’'
The conversation drifting to the
subject of exercise, Mr. Dana said:
“ From 1850 to 1870, I took a good
deal of horseback exercise. After the
war I rode a great deal in Dickel’s
afterward Green’s and also at a little
riding school kept by my friend Pal
omino on East Twenty-second street.
I have a great passion tor breaking
green, young horses to the high
manege. While the main purpose
is exercise, the attraction is the fun
of it. I used to train horses to all
sorts of circus tricks. Of late jears
I have not done so much riding. It
takes too much time. My main ex
ercise since partly giving up riding
has been billiards. One can always
find time for a game of billiards.
And it is an excellent exercise.
Your whole frame is brought into
sufficiently active exertion, not of a
violent kind, and your mind is quite
taken away from the subjects that <
habitually occupy it. That is what
makes both billiards and horseback
riding such valuable exercise, the
best, indeed, for men engaged in in
tellectual pursuits. Yes, draw-poker
is good in its way. I do not wish j
to underrate it as an intellectual
or diverting pursuit, but you don’t
get the exercise from it that you do
from riding or billiards. Walking
is exercise for the sake of exercise,
and objectionable for that reason.
CHRISTIANITY IN CHINA.
The Rev. Jonathan Crossett, who
for seventeen years has been a mis
sionary in China, says that one sec
tion of China is still untouched by
the missionaries—the Mongols liv
ing on the north and" West. The
Mongols go down to Lassa in Thibet
as a Mecca, 3nd evidence can be
found among them of the teachings
of the early Christians. They are
the most tenacious as to their re
ligion of any people whom he had
ever met. Their deity is called
Rorbam. or “light,” and their beleif
_Lamaism—is founded upon tenets
held by all Cristians. They observe
one day in every seven, and although
they worship idols they have ten
commandments similar to the Bibli
cal commandments, and their system
of morals is very high.
HINTS TO HOUSEKEEPERS.
A piece of charcoal laid upon a
barn will ease it almost immediate
ly, and if kept there about an hour,
! it is said, the wound will be entirely
healed.
When attacked by palpitation of
the heart, let the patient lie down as
; soon as possible on the right side,
partially on the face. In this posi
tion the heart will resume its action
almost immediately.
To preserve goods from moths, do
not use camphor in any form. Pieces
of tar paper laid in fur boxes and
in closets are a better protection.
Five cents will buy enough to equip
all the packing boxes and closets of
a large house for a year.
To cure a felon, saturate a bit of
grated wild turnip the size of a bean
with spirits of turpentine, and ap
ply to the affected part. It relieves
the pain at once, and in twelve
hours or less there will be a hole to
the bone. Dress with sticking salve,
and the finger will get well.
A good knowledge of watering is
at the bottom of success with the
window flowers. Water must run
in readily and run out readily.
When a plant is watered, it is a
good sign to sec the water rush out
into the saucer through the bottom
of the pot. If it does not do that,
something is wrong.
Never place freslt eggs near luru,
fruit, cheese, fish or other articles
from which any odor arises. The
eggs are extremely active in absorb -
ing power, and in a very short time
they will be contaminated by the
particles of objects in their neigh
borhood, by which the peculiar and
exquisite taste of a new-laid egg
will be destroyed.
A bottle of turpentine should be
kept in every house, for its uses are
numerous. A few drops sprinkled
where cockroaches congregate will
exterminate them at once, also ants,
red or black. Moths will flee from
the odor of it. Besides, it is an ex
cellcnt application for a burn or cut.
It will take ink stains out of white
muslin, when added to soap, and
will help*to whiten clothes if added
to them while boiling.
f
Couned Beef Hash.—Take tender
boiled corned beef, entirely free from
fat or gristle; chop it fine, and mix
with it chopped boiled potatoes in
the proportion of one cup of beef to
three of potatoes. Add enough salt,
to season the potatoes; pepper to
your taste; mix very thoroughly to
gether, and let it stand over night.
Half an hour before the time to serve
place it on the lire in an iron frying
pan, with one tablcspoonful of cold
water and a teaspoonful of butter to
each cup of the mixture. Let this
cook slowly on the back of the range,
stirring frequently; if it becomes
too dry, add boiling water. Taste
it, and if not sufficiently seasoned,
throw in some pepper and salt, but
very cautiously. Serve very hot.
Plcii Cake.—Take a good pound
of butter, squeeze the water out of
it, then beat it smooth with a spoon.
Add one pound of coarse brown su
gar, mix it well, then drop in ten
eggs, one by one out of the shell;
beat all for ten minutes. Then add
a glass and a half of whisky, boiling
hot (prepared according to the di
rections given below), three pounds
of currants, well washed, dried and
picked, mixed on a dish with a
pound a half of flour, to be added by
degrees to the ingredients; not to
beat much in this stage. Add half
a pound of dried citron and candied
orange peel, shred in thick slices.
Paper your shape, without buttering
it, putting many folds of paper on
the bottom to prevent it burning.
Bake live hours in a slow oven. Di
rections for boiling whisky: Put a
handful of sugar, any sort, and a
lump of butter into a saucepan to
burn. When burnt take it off the
fire and throw in a glass and a half
of whisky. Let it simmer until it
has absorbed the color of the sugar.
In this state add to the cake. Icing
the cake may be done a day or two
afterward, as it need not be put into
the oven to dry. Haif a pound of
icing sugar, the white of one egg
well beaten; add the sugar and beat
on; then add a wineglassful of vim
gar aud beat well togethe*. Then
lay it thickly on the case wiu» u
knife; leave the cake in a dry place
until the sugar is quite hard. The
cake will keep three months.
Sewing Machine Motor.—A
Washington special says: A patent
has been issued to two Philadelphia
men for running sewing machine.-.
The apparatus covered by the patent
is claimed to be a reliable substitute
for foot power, which does away
with the laborious and fatiguing
treadle. The motive power is sup
plied by ordinary clock springs
arranged so as to run the motor witi:
any speed desired by simply bearing
the foot on a rest. By winding the
spring suflicient power is obtained
to run a sewing machine several
hours. The noiselc-ssness and
smoothness or its working, and the
ease with which the speed can be
regulated and controlled are pecu
liarly favorable features of this use
ful invention.

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