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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, April 15, 1887, Image 2

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Thomas H. Mason, Business Manager
RAILROAD COMMISSION.
The Federal radoad law applies
onlv to traffic between different
States; it does not afford the slight
est protection to local traffic and
does uot prevent discriminations as
to shipments between points within
the same State. The principles of
the Inter-State Commerce bill being
applied to all transportation which
crosses a State line, it is perfectly
evident that the same principle
ought to prevail respecting traffic
between different points in the same
State. The local business on a rail
road is of far greater importance to
our home people than that charac
ter of business which is placed un
•ler rhe supervision of the Federal
« onunissioners. There is cverv reas
on why the principles Congress has
applied to Inter state Commerce
should be applied to our domestic
transportation, and uo one can |k>s
sibiv suggest why they should not
* be. A very simple law would give
our own home people the benefit of
these principles. Let the Legisla
ture pass a law, in substance as fol
lows:
Be it enacted, That the provis
ion* of the Inter-State Commerce
bill, so far as applicable to transpor
tation which does not cross State
lines, be, and the same are hereby
declared in force in this State.
An enactment of this character,
simple and brief as it is, would be
worth many millions to our home
people, and would immediately place
West Virginia on the high road to
prosperity.
The Federal law appoint* tour
Commissioners, it will be sufficient
for us to appoint only one: and he
should be charged with substantial
ly the same duties, but not with all
the powers. Congress has given to
the Federal Commissioners. The
main object in view, is to furnish an
intelligent official of the State who
will take the trouble to investigate
complaints made by persons sus
tainiug damage by reason of the un
lawful practices of railroad man
agers. These unlawful practices
will cease the moment it becomes
known that they will be investigated
and exposed.
Respecting the compensation of
the commissioner, he should he paid
liberally, by the hour, for the time
he is exclusively employed in the
performance of any official act. It
is not necessary to give him|a fixed
salary, because it is unlikely that
all of his time will be occupied.
The chief argument for Mr. Cam
den has been that he advocated the
short-haul amendment and assisted
to pass the Interstate Commerce bill.
The Federal law does not touch the
Ohio river railroad, nr the road from
Clarksburg to Buckhannan, and it
will be interesting to observe
whether Mr. Camden’s supporters
are now williug to give our home
(teople, living along his roads, the
benefit of the principles which are
applied to Interstate traffic. Kx
Senator Davis recently printed an
interview to express his opinion that
West Virginia should have a rail
road commission. The set of Con
gress does not affect the local busi
ness on Mr. Davis' road, and we are
anxious to see whether he is willing
to give the people, who wish to make
use of the highway under his con
trol the benefit of that protection
which Congress has giveu to per
sons whose shipments are to and
from |>oint3 without the State.
We predict that there will be
great opposition to any legislation
on this subject. The pretense will
lie, that our Legislature should de
lay action until the Federal Com
mission have established regulations
to enforce the law of Congress. This
pretense may hoodwiuk the igno
rant, but all intelligent men will
readily comprehend that the only
object is to gain delay. It is evident
th^i if such a law, as above indica
ted, be passed, its operation i»nd its
enforcement will, of necessity,depend
upon, and be subordinate to, the
proceedings of th»* Federal C-omniis
son. As a matter of course, the con
duct of our State Commissioner
would be controlled by, and would
wait upon, the regulations prescribed
by the Federal Commission.
The many letters which havecome
to us from different parts of the
State, urging us to advocate this
proposition, are conclusive of the
popular demand for legislation as is
here proposed. But we confess that
we have little heart in this matter,
l>ecau9e the railroad lobby in West
Virginia appears too strong for the
—' I
public will It is some satisfaction,
however, to observe a general deter
mination, among the rank and file of
voters, to sustain the men who prove
themselves true and faithful to the
best interests of the State.
The BOlsiness Interest.
It being evident that the railwaj’
officials arc inaugurating a well
planned aud systematic opposition
to the Inter State Commerce bill,Mr.
W. T. ('roasdale contributes to the
last number of the Standard (Henry
Georges’ paper) a trenchent and
somewhat caustic criticism of a re
cent publication intended to prej
udice the public mind against the
law. We regret we have not space
for more than a few sentences from
the Standard. Mr. Croasdale says:
It became apparent that Congress
must either exercise the power to
regulate Interstate Commerce, or
else acquiesce in the unauthorized
exercise of that power by a few rail
way magnates. It was the growing
perception of this fact by the people
that led to the passage of the law.
The powerful railway interest in
and about Congress had been per
sistently used for many years to
prevent any intelligent legislation.
It is probable that at the last session
the railway Congressmen and lobby
ists saw that public opinion would
demand some such legislation and
hence they offered little opposition
to the pending bill after the corpor
ation-ridden Senate had, as far as
possible, reduced it to a condition of
“innocuous desuetude”. * * * The
Commission is composed of men gen
erally conceded honest and capable
and unlikely to betray the public in
terest. Whether the commission will
regard the whole public rather than
that portion of it which calls itself
I ‘the business interests of the country"
remains to be seen. In a country
where a vast majority of the people
are engaged under difficulties in the
arduous “business” of making a
living, it seems peculiarly absurd
to set apart a small fraction of the
whole number as the only “business
men” having interests deserving of
the fostering care of the people's rep
resentatives.
THE RAILROADS ANDTHE NEWS
PAPERS.
Philadelphia Record.
Whilst the operation of the Inter
state Commerce law may possibly
have made it necessary for the rail
road companies to advance through
rates lor trallic hauled thousands
of miles, nothing contained in it
obliges them or justifies them in in
creasing their local tariffs. Whow
ever this is done contemporaneously
witli the beginning of the operation
of the new law it is done with the
expectation and design of creating
an adverse public opinion. The
railroad tariffs within State lines are
not subject to the supervision of the
Interstate Commissioners, yet there
has been a most obnoxious, aggra
vating and unnecessary recasting of
local rates both for freight and pas
senger trallic. We observe that cer
tain newspaper editors are promptly
playing into the hands of the rail
roads by assuming that their ad
vanced rates are the necessary con
sequence ol Congressional interfer
ference. * * *
And why should local traffic be
charged with the cost of unprofita
ble comj*etition with water carriage?
The newspapers which, m this con
test for fair play, lend themselves
without proper investigation to a
scheme to force the repeal of a wise
and proper law by unreasoning
clamor are doing the people a palpa
ble injury.
Were it not tor a few newspapers
like thtf Record and the Democrat
the press, under t he dominion of rail
road managers, might soon so intim
idate the politicians in Congress
that they would repeal the Inter
state Commerce hill; and yet, were a
vote of the people taken directly on
the issue, this law would be sustain
ed by the greatest majority ever
given at an election. Newspaper
clamor must not be mistaken for the
popular judgment. Owing to the
malign influence railroads exert in
polities we now have in front many
time-serving politicians afraid to
speak one word in public on this
subject: but presently men will be
found with courage enough to uis
i cuss railroad rule on the hustings.
A bold and fearless discussion and
exposure of the corrupt methods
i employed by railroad managers will
j bring to a competent man an invinci
ble personal following. It is truly
astonishing that so few of our poli
ticians have sagacity enough to
comprehend the opportunity now
presented.
In Philadelphia recently, we in
quired of a very intelligent gentle
man, the cause of the phenominal
success of the Record. His reply is
full of significance and instruction:
“There is a general feeling in this
community,” he said, "that Singerly,
being a man of large wealth, will
not sell the columns of his paper to
persons who wish to mislead opin
ion.” Newspapers find it profitable
•‘to play into the hands” of the rail
road managers.
RAILWAY MANAGER8THREATEN
The Couricr-Journffl copies as
follows from the New York Tintcs: j
“ ‘The Interstate Commerce law is j
likely to prove a boomerang to its 1
authors,’ said a railroad man yester
day. ‘If it was designed by them to
be a ladder by which to ascend the j
heights of political fame, you are j
likely to hear something drop, with
the dull and sickening thud attach
ment, too. Already those who most
persistently labored for its enact j
ment have applied to have its most
important provisions suspended. It J
is shown to be of practical benefit
ouly to the coast lines and Pacific
steamers, while it is a positive in- j
jury to nearly all railroads and all
business interests.”
“By authors of the measure, I i
mean Cullom and Reagan, although
Cullum is not really to blame for the
objectionable features of the bill, j
They were forced upon the measure i
by Reagan and his crazy followers
in the House. Cnllom had to con
sent to them in order to get the bill j
through the House in any shape; :
but he will suffer for it, Just the
same, as though he agreed with
them voluntarily. The fact is, the i
whole measure is amateurish in the
eyes ot” a practicable railroad man. j
The whole railroad system of Amer- j
ica. with its 240,000 miles of tracks, |
and those of England and Germany
and the rest of Europe and the In- j
dian system, as well,have been prac
tically developed within the last
fifty years, and men in order to un
derstand these enormous interests
must have grown up with them.
Now Reagan has been the laughing
stock of the railway world for his
crazy, indefinite notions for the last
six years, and he is the last man
whose notions should have been in
corporated in a national railroad
law.”
This character of adroit state
ment, designed to mislead, may an
swer for newspapers, but no politi
cal aspirant will venture to advocate
the “railroad view” on the hustings.
Between Reagan and Jay Gould,—
we prefer Reagan. Railroads may
buy newspapers, but the people will
follow men like Reagan.
ELECTION OF SENATOR.
Some troublesome questions touch
ing the election of Senator will be
presented to the Legislature at its
! meeting next Wednesday. For ex
ample, can the two Houses meet in
joint assembly? Be it remembered,
the joint assembly is the creature
of an act of Congress passed inlSGG
and, independent of this law, the
Legislature can do nothing except
by separate action in each House.
| But this juint assembly cannot
I convene previous to the Wednesday
following the second Tuesday “after
the meeting and organization” of
the Legislature. Congress has pro
vided:—a vote in each House shall
be taken on the second Tuesday af
ter meeting and organization: “On
i the following day the two Houses
i shall meet in joint assembly:" if on
the day previous a person received
a majority in each House, he shall
be declared (by the joint assembly)
elected; but if no such person re
ceived a majority, the joint assem
bly shall take a ballot.
It is perfectly evident, that if the
Legislature conducts its proceedings
under this act of Congress, a legal
vote cauuot be taken until the 10th
of May, and the question arises,—
' whether the 10th of May is the day
following “the second Tuesday af
! ter its meeting and organization.”
, This is a second session of the same
Legislature that met anil “organ
ized” last January. The Senate
Journal for January 12 sa}’s: “On
motion of Mr. Woody aril; Resolved,
That a committee inform the Gov
ernor that the Legislature was
duly organized. ’ On next Wednes
i day, Presdent Price and Speaker
j Rowan will call their respective
Houses to order,and the same clerks
will resume their duties. When the
presiding officer calls the House to
order he does not “organize” it.
“To organize the House, is done by the
appointment of officers and verification
of the powers of the several members.”
—Webster’s Die.
The officers are already appointed
and the organization is complete
with the exception of the verification
of the credentials of Delegate Beck
with, If Lucas had not resigned,
nothing appertaining to the organi
zation could transpire. Can the
same Legislature “organize” twice ?
With the exception of “swearing in”
Mr. Beckwith* the formality of the
meeting will not differ from any
thing that occurs every day during
the session. The question is wheth
er the 10th of May will be the sec
ond Tuesday after the meeting and
organization of a Legislature?
Again, if the 10th of May be not
the second Tuesday after organiza
tion, then it is very evident that a
Senator cannot be elected in the
manner prescribed by Congress. If
the Act of Congress cannot be fol
io wed, may the Legislature make
an election independently of it? If J
it be proposed to act independently
of the provision by Congress, then
each House must vote separately.
There can be no joint assembly ex
cept under the Act of Congress.
These are only some of the ques
tions which suggest themselves Jar
ail who take the trouble to consider
this subject. It is very amusing to ;
observe that papers like the Rich-!
rnond Dispatch and the Wheeling!
Register express the opinion that
there is no embarrassment to hinder
the immediate election of n Senator j
the moment our Legislature meets.;
This blissful unconsciousness of ig
norance is truly refreshing. Intel
ligent men in Virginia are aecus
tomed to read editorials in the Dit- j
patch, if they bear the ear mark of .
being written by its editor, with the j
same zest that they watch the an-'
tics of the clown in a circus. Here,,
in West Virginia, when the editor of j
the Register scatters his diamonds
of learning and pearls of wisdom we 1
stand dumb with admiration as did
the Israelites while Solomon solved
problems too difficult for the un
derstanding of ordinary mortals.
The Legislature should promptly
refer this whole subject to a joint
committee and such committee
should invite a discussion of it by
tbe ablest men in the State. The
Legislature needs all the light pos
sible and such gentlemen as Hay
mond, Morrow, Jno. J. Davis, Quar
rier, Mr. Hubbard, of Wheeling and
Judge Brown, would doubtless be
aide to give the committee a vast
amount of valuable information. It
is very certain that questions are
presented, entirely too difficult for
the average politician who obtains
position by skilful electioneering
and pandering to the ignorance and
prejudices of a thoughtless mob.
This is an emergency that requires
brains and learning. The ordinary
politician is no more qualified to ex
press an opinion on these questions
than to decide a dispute about a
Greek idiom. This is an occasion
when the millionaire finds that mon
ey is not a substitute for learning.
Several distinct classes of ques
tions arc presented. Our State Con
stitution restricts the Legislature to
business appertaining to the sub
jects mentioned in the proclamation
of the Governor. This provision
brings up ^lquiries hcietofore
considered in these columns.
But there are other inquiries which
would arise if the proclamation had
included the election of a Senator.
Some of them we have already indi
! cated and there are many others
which occur to us. For example:
1. Will the Legislature fill a va
cancy occasioned by the expiration
of Lucas's appointment or will it
fill a vacancy occasioned by the ex
piration of Camden’s term? We
have not the slightest doubt that
the United States Senate will hold
to its former decisions and decide
that Lucas was properly appointed.
2. If the Legislature again fails
to elect, cannot the governor appoint
a successor to Mr. Lucas? Apart
from the dictum of Mr. Edmunds,
there is nothing in the books to pre
i vent his doing so, and we are very
confident that should the Legislature
; fail to elect and should the Governor
a second time appoint Mr. Lucas he
will be seated when Congress again
meets and he will hold his seat un
til the Legislature convenes in .Tan
liar}*, 1889.
-— - --
I Cases of Unfilled Vacancies in the Sen
ate by Reason of Non-Election.
Maine, from March 4, ’68, to Fcl>. ‘23, ’54
, Conn., “ “ “ ’51, “ May 12, ’52
Penn.. “ “ ° ’55, “ Jan. 18, ’50
i Mcl., “ “ “ ’43, “ Jan. 2, *44
' N. Ca.,.. ’53, “ Dec. 5, ’54
Indiana, “ “ “ ’55, “ Feb. 4. ’.>7
IIj., “ “ “ ’55, “ Jan. 12,’57
| Cal., “ “ ** ’55, “ Feb. 15, ’57
Oregon, “ “ “ ’50, “ • Dec. 5, ’00
In those cases the Governors fail
ed to appoint. On page 186 (Con
j grcssional Record, vol. 0. part 1)
1 there is a list of eight cases where
1 the Governors did appoint to vacan
1 cies occasioned by the expiration of
a terra.
ELECTION OF SENATOR IN 185a.
Previous to the Federal law of
1866 the State Legislatures prescrib
ed their own methods for electing
Senators. We have before us all
1 the proceedings touching the elec
tion of Mr. Hunter in 1852. The
entries in the Senate Journal are as
; follows:
Page 32. Resolved. That the Sen
ate, the House concurring, will pro
ceed on the 20th, by joint vote with
the House, to the election of a U. S.
I Senator, to fill the vacancy which
will be occasioned by the expiration
of the term of R. M. T. Hunter.
Page 43. A message w*as received
from the House,informing the Senate
that the House was ready to proceed
with the execution of the joint order
for the election of a Senator where
upon, Mr. Shackelford nominated R.
M. T. Hunter. On motion, Ordered, |
That the House he informed that
the Senate was fleady to proceed
with the execution of the joint order
and that Mr. Hnnter was nominated. j
Mr. Stovall was appointed to commu
nicate the message to the nouse. A
messnge was received from the
House that no additional nomina
tion had been made in the House.
Thereupon, the clerk proceeded to
call the roll ^ind the vote was as fol
lows: For Mr. Hunter 30, II. A.
Wise G.”
(Several others wore voted for. The
roll-call is here omitted to economize
s>aee.)
“Ordered, that a committee be
appointed to examine the vote joint
ly with a committee from the House
and Messrs. Meredith and Carring
ton were accordingly appointed.
Mr. Meredith reported that the com
mittee found the vote to stand: For
It. M. T. Hunter 12G, scattering 63
Mr. Hunter having received a ma
jority of all the votes cast was de
clared elected U. S. Senator for six
years, from March 4th, 1853.
The entries in the House Journal
are as follows:
Page 51. A message was received
from the Senate that they had adopt
ed a resolution in reference to the
election of a United States Senator,
in which they request the concur
rcuce of the House. The resolution
was read as follows:” (We omit the
resolution). “Ordered that Mr. Tal
iaferro inform the Senate of the con
currence of the House.
Page 72. On motion,Ordered,That
Mr. Staples inform the Senate that
the House was ready to proceed to
the execution of the joint order for
the election of United States Sena
tor. Thereupon, R. M. T. Hunter
was nominated. A message was re
ceived from the Senate that the Sen
ate was ready to execute the joint
order and that Mr. Hunter had been
nominated in that bod}'. The House
accordingly proceeded to execute
the joint order, and the Senate hav
ing been informed that no additional
nomination had been made in the
House the vote was recorded as fol
lows: For R. M. T. Hunter, 00; for
H. A. Wise, 8.
(We omit the roll ami scattering vote.)
Ordered that Messrs. Jackson
and Staples be a committee, to act
jointly with a committee of the Sen
ate, to ascertain the joint vote. Mr.
Jackson reported that tho vote was:
for Mr. Hunter, 12G; scattering, G3.
Thereupon R. M. T. Hunter was de
clared elected lT. S. Senator for six
3'ears from March 4th, 1853.
The above is everything in the
Journals relating to the election of
Mr. Hunter. Each House acted
separately and communicated with
each other by committees. There
! was no statute in Virginia touching
! the election of Senator: the only
! legislation on the subject provided
j for the credentials of a Senator.
THE DAVIS LETTER.
Communicated.
In order to bolster up CnnideD,
Davis boasted tlr.it Camden's rail
road enterprise brought $3,000,000
; into the State. Lucas called atten
tion to the fact that, during the ten
1 years preceding Governor Jackson’s
last message, the value of property^
in West Virginia decreased more
than $10,000,000, and yet during
this very period the Standard Oil
j Company had acquired its great
■ wealth. One of Camden's support
ers tries to break the force of this
fact, and, with this object, calls at
tention to the circumstance that the
I $3,000,000, which Davis refers to,
i came into this State subsequent to
: Jackson’s message. This is plausi
i bie, but it is no answer to what
i Lucas said. The Auditor's report
shows that our propcity decreased
in value over $8,000,000 during last
year. The decrease in the value of
I "
our property between 1884 and 188G
i exceeded $5,600,000. In other words,
according to the showing of Cam
| den’s own supporters, this decrease
ofj $5,600,000 occurred during the
very time of the pretended influx of
the $3,000,000.
But it is all nonsense to say that
the building of the Ohio River road
! brought three milliions into this
j State. The money paid for iron and
for the equipment did not come into
this State. The only money build
ing a road brings into the State is
what is expended for cross-ties,
making the road-bed and for land
damages.
Lucas' point is a good one. The
Camden-Davis syndicate are rapidly
becoming enormously wealthy at the
very time the mass of our people arc
| becoming poorer. Our 3'oung men
are leaving the State and the demo
cratic party has lost its majority.
; Is it not time for a change of lead
; ers?
The Camden organs are quoting
ex-Senator Davis ns an authority on
1 Constitutional law. Are they trying
to make him ridiculous?
The Wellsburg Herald was “burnt
out” on the 8th. Its publication
; will be resumed. The editor, Mr.
i Jacob, is the strongest writer the
| Republicans have in this State.
$ao,ooo TO BEAUTIFY CHARLES- '
TON--A TURNPIKE NEEDED.
Randolph, April 13—A member j
of the Legislature has informed me
that $20,000 ie to be at onee expend
ed in fixing up and beautifying the
grounds about the eapitol building
fn Charleston. If your paper will
make this public so that people will
write their members to vote against
any such unnecessary expense at the
present time, it will be appreciated.
I am aware that it is unpleasant to
interfere with any project that takes
money out of the treasury. But there
is not a person in this State who
does not think as I do, that is, our
authorities should not incur expense
to beautify those grounds, at least
not within the next two years. The
capital building affords all the ac
coramodation necessary for the
transaction of public business, and
beautifying can well wait. Frmn all
11 hear, money is as scarce in every
part of the State as it is here and j
our people are in no humor to have |
$20,000 spent at this time in bean -'
i tifying a public square in Charles- |
ton. If I am not mistaken we have j
already been taxed to the tunc of
$200,000 and over on account of1
' the State eapitol, in addition to !
the rents we paid when the cap-1
I ital was in Charleston before and
the rents we paid Wheeling. The
people of this State are not beauti
j fying the grounds about their homes
| just at this time, and, by the same
token, we cannot afford to beautify
a public square. Were I in the Leg
| islature I would cut this appropria
I tion down to barely sufficient to
build a plain, substantial fence to
enclose the grounds, and this ought
j not to exceed $1,000. The balance of
i the $20,000 I would apply to assist
in building a good road from Web
: stcr Court house to Kanawha Falls.
A first-class road from Kanawha
; Falls along by Nicholas C. II. and
Webster C. II. to Mingo, in this
county, wTould, by increasing the
value of the land along it, pay for
its cost five times over inside of ten
years, and a considerable part of
this road is already built.
A Randolph County Man.
(Another party mentioned this
, mutter to us, and we intended to re
! fer to it. There is already a good
fence about the grounds. We think
i the appropriation was about $15,000.
LET THE GOVERNOR MAKE A
BARGAIN.
[Communicated.
(Our space is <o limited lliat we
have been obliged to condense this
very valuable communication.—
j Dem.)
The scandal about the bills paid
newspapers for publishing the Con
stitutional amendment proposed in
1879 ought not to be repeated,
i The Legislature that submitted that
j amendment neglected to limit the
cost of publishing it and tbe most
extravagant bills were presented by
newspapers. My recollection is, they
; claimed in the neighborhood of $20,
000 for much less work than they
would gladly have done for private
parties for $2500. The matter was
'
referred to a committee who made a
| milk and water report, and 1 could
j never find out how much was finally
paid. The appropriation bill of 1881
appropriated $6,G20 ”to pay news
papers which publish0;! the amend
ment, but where payment - have here
tofore been made to a pap«*r the Gov
ernor shall only pay so much as to
gether with former payments will
amonnt to $150.” At the extra ses
sion of the same Legislature the
lobby succeeded in obtaining an ad
ditional appropriation, and the ap
propriation bill of March 25th, 1882,
has this paragraph: ”To pay news
papers which publish the amendment
$4,950, but the amount paid an}* pa
per shall not, including payments
already made to it, exceed $202.50.”
Here is$ll,570 in addition to “for
mer payments,” and it appears this
was divided equally between 44 pa
pers.
I here are some propositions too
plain for argument. (1) Advertis
ing by the State is not to be treated
as a bonanza for newspapers which
have not merit enough to support
themselves. (2) If members of the
Legislature or State officials desire
topurchase?’newspapcr puffing*’ they
should use their own money and not
our taxes. (3) The State ought not
to pay h.gher rates than a paper is
accustomed to receive from ordinary
private customers (4) The value of
advertising space depends upon the
circulation of a paper. A paper with
, a regular circulation of 2,500 can
obtain $200 a year for a column of
a thousand words. If the circula
tion is 1,000 then the price is be
tween $75 and $100. If the circula
tion is under 500 the same spacers
not worth over $50.
I am certainly within bounds when
I say that for a circulation of 250.
$20 per 1000 words, for the first in
sertion, and $3 for 11 subsequent*in
sertions is the very outside figure
that any merchant or private cus
tomer would pay. This would be
$55 for a newspaper whose circula
tion is 500 or under.
There are three amendments to be
advertised for three months before
-
the next election, and the Legislature
should provide some rule !»\* which
contracts shall be made for this ad
vertising. The proper way, is to
grade the price according to the cir
culation of the different papers.
There are in this State about 100
papers. I find that they are grad
ed as below, and I have fixed the
very highest rate for 12 insertions,
of a column equal to 1,000 words.
I have not examined how many
words these three amendments make
but 1 suppose all three of them will
not exceed 500 words and, if snch tm
the case, the amounts I name ought
to be reduced one-half.
^ r h- p
ss sb ** ,
S-s* Q g-?
13 2 | § S 2.1 p
pc- £ % - 2 ~
5 5* 5 £ 5* ^ S •'
' O g g5i ' cf
20 *250 * 50 *1,000
30 500 00 1,800
19 750 75 1,425
18 1,000 1001 1,800
3 1,500 125 375
21 5,000 150 300
2 4,000 175 350
2 6,000 200 400
*7.450
*7,450 should be the maximum
cost of advertising these amend
ments even if published in every pa
per in the State. If they be pub
lished in only one paper in each
county, then *2,000 is the very out
side the tax payers should be called
on to pay, When there is no paper
iu a county, then a hand-bill should
be posted at the court-house door
by the county clerk. These hand
! bills should not cost $10.
I have before me the bill to sub
! mit the Prohibition amendment,and
I it provides for publication in any
newspaper in any county which will
; publish it “at one-third the rate pro
i scribed by law for legal advertising
| for three months, and if no paper
i will publish the amendment at one
; third rate, then the Governor is to
* publish it in every county where a
1 newspaper is printed.” I do not
know whether this bill passed ns
offered, but if so there is
A CAT IN THE MEAL TUB.
It proposes, that if newspapers
will not publish At one-third rate,
then it is to be published at any
price. Mark the prediction, if the
present Legislature does not regu
late this matter, the most extrava
gant claims will be set up as was
done in 1879, and the Legislature
will be log-rolled for a large appro
priation. The price to be paid
should be lixed on the basis of $60
for 12 insertions (or any circulation
of 500 and under, and if there be
not us much us 1,000 words then the
: amount to be proportionately re
| duced. The appropriation bill now
pending should contain a clause
about as follows:
For publishing for three months,
next preceding the general election
in 1888, in one newspaper in every
county where a paper is printed, not
exceeding $2500. In making con
tracts for advertising said amend
ments the Governor shall not agree
to pay exceeding $50 for 12 iiiEe>
tions (one each-week) per thousand
words to a paper whose circulation
during the preceding year has av
eraged 500 or under, nor more than
$200 to a paper whose, circulation
is 5,000 or under, and in that pro
portion where the circulation is be
tween 500 and 5,000. If there be nu
paper in a county, or if ihe papers
in any county refuse to publish the
amendments on these terms, then
they shall be advertised in such
county by posting printed copies in
front of the court-house.
Although the proclamation of the
Governor mentions certain subjects
to be acted on by the Legislature,
yet this is a matter entirely within
the perview of providing for de
mands on the treasury, and if atten
ded to the saving to the fitate will
cover much, if not all, the cost of
this extra session: provided it be a
short one. If you will publish what
I have written, the people can tell
whether a majonty of the Legisia
ture are disposed to practice proper
economy in the expenditure of pub
lic money. Ax Ex-Printer.
THE SPECIAL ELECTION.
The Republicans Have Not Gained Votes
A writer in one of our county pa
pers has given an expose of the mis
representations sent abroad by the
“portly corresdondent with porten
tious brain” (?) whom Camden anti
the Wheeling Register imported in
to this county. I give some facts
anent the situation here, showing
that the Democrats have no cause tp
fear the sicklied dominancy of Rep
ublicans with which ex-Postmaster
Lil-zen-ring threatens us.
Here is a table comparing the vote
by precincts for Delegates to Legis
lature at General election in 1882,
and at Special election in 1887.
This county is entitled to two Dele
gates: Rider and Foukc were the *
■"'? * •», .. * £ , * v' V ’•* "* • C

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