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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, April 29, 1887, Image 1

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- The Columns of this paper show it
— --—--- /J to be a new departure, and inquiry
. .Hi-, r,,>tM-n liMt for any county /M will prove it to be the best adverti*
t t .. r C sample. V ing medium in West Virginia. No
•.t;recn!>r.«rt‘4,Hainp ■ other publication is so widely distri
j.hiro 30. Hardy 27, Harrison 3 V. ■ buted over the State and read by the
I very class most valuable to advortis
u proportion. Cireu- H| OPS
equal to that of
~ vm = _ CHARLESTOWN, JEFFERSON COUNTY, W. VA- FRIDAY, APRIL 29, 1887. _Price 3 Cents
s/oi. 111., iNO. VIII- _____ ■■ —_ ■ — » -- .---- 7
DYSPEPSIA.
I nto a few weeks ago 1 considered
mv>elf the champion Dyspeptic of A mer
ieA. During the years that I have been
afflicted 1 have • ried almost everything
claimed to be a sj»ooitic for Dyspepsia, in
the hope of finding something that
would afford permanent relief. I had
alH>ut made up mv mind to abandon all
medicines when I noticed an endorse
ment of Simmons Liver Regulator, by a
prominent Georgian, a jurist, whom I
knew, and concluded to try its effectsm
mv ease. 1 have used but two bottles,
and am satisfied that I have struck the |
right thing at last. 1 felt it- b*'Ocficial ,
ertects almost immediately. I nuke all
other preparations of a similar kind, no |
special instructions are required as to
what one shall or shall not eat. I his
fact alone ought to commend it to all
troubled with Dvpepsia.
J. N. HOLM MS,
Vineland. •!. j
Constipation
To Secure si Regular Habit of Body
witnout Changing the Diet or Dis
organizing the System, take
only i.KM INK Mam » utvtkp by
J.H ZEILIN& CO.. Philadelphia. \
a p r.29.oo w -2m.
is*
" jy l . '
Or Black L< pi.-v ■ a iu-»- -a1 ic!i i.- toneklcrt'd i
incurable, I»ut h !.. • vud.!. <1 i>> lie* curative jw> ;>•
ertit s of Swtr - * n ww know;; nil over
theworld ;:•* s. ->. N : if \*vtSonicr
vtlh\ ik .1' o •;* \-u-u : k.dscv.R.ly.ttr*
sgo vviih t .i-: ■ - • - ‘; l.i.v , ai.d v...stic..i
«i trliic l»*n awiNral inimi. »l»cva d <ebr»»*
LTaPFOSY
■ml mn»fi|»i utlv iticiiraulo. It isi!apiK*iUtt tod;- 1
scribe her suGi . ir-s. U r body fr.-mthe crown of
her head tot ue ** U •« < f hi r feet wa<a n'.a>sc*f dt
rjv. ihe flesh rotting off uud ! ..vlng great cavities,
ler lingers fe-tereifa.nl - vcral nails dropped off
t one time, ller lnnt>* <• ntrr.cfcd by the fearful
!Iteration, and lor years .he* «• > not leave her b* !.
Her weight was retimed fn ::i 125 tot!' U s. S ..
faml idea of her condition can be g!t”i:> d fro. i
toe fact that three pounds of t'osmollne > r oint
ment were used jit week in tir- --mg her sores, j
Finally thephvstctansacknowledged their di -a:
by i..:s B ack Wolf, aud commended the s ufferer :
to her all wise Orvstor.
II, : t.n ' . -lilt;.-, u •>' ,-::ffc I fill repot t s Of bW: I i S .
Sihc.'.c S s> | • vu- d t u 1 r to try it as a 1
lJ.; r, • • .',•)» li -■ ::.*o under pluti-l, but
. , :1 i i | i . ■«: i v ■ -* being relieved of
i..- u.as; - i.n.vdaic-dandfctultby
, gat! . | t i I ■■
». ,e y,i 1'..;,, . u . ■ i * * S b. is. ti' til In-* t
Ft t.raarv, ev. • v t • v * d; sbe tb.-varded
cbjirtmi crutciu - ui . i f. r the fl: -t turn- in 12 j
years a w -1! v. • :;i • r k'l-naad, Air. f A. Ik., j
lev. ;s m bu-tm -s i.' , 1 .-tone Stric t. Boo
toil, and w ri t...> • , -- i r:v .ir.; thedrtsiH ul
thui wonrtrrfitl < 'll <■ f*r ir.jiHol
* 1> oud and bku; - * 1 t -•
'KlttSwjrrf. • r t. A:> '1+
apr.SMm
Merchant Tailoring.
Berryville, Virginia.
carries a full lino of
Fine Woolens.
Coatings.
Fancy Cassimeres,
Silk Vlivii mill Fa'icy Voislnls.
AM) A FULL UNi:t»F
' !
• \|* , 11 ,i: iiui' fii tu I*' as rop
rc-cnri -!. i <I 1 *»*■ «»“* 't> !o.
Hav in ' employ. ■! a cutter, who
is a irrw-iuate «*t the John MitcheH’ut
dim suhiH*! «>t NVw \ ork. !< t*l iMHiliuont
in oilt ritsjr out -ere iff- t<* tlio citizens of ;
Jc h i-.'’.: that we car. give entire satisi
fa .ton nml will use every mean- to give
«,nr work a high reputation.
faction (inatuufeed.
apr.'*,’s*> lv.
MEN WANTED
to .ell tor the HOOKER NURSERIES.
INtablishcil Me IVrnwnent finnlov
„„.„t Sal trv ami Kxpenso't or Liberal
t’otiiiutssions miitl. Kxportcnoe not no
Apl.lv »0.n.-.if)KER (,()
felti>2ni. Rochester, N. \.
flower seeds
\FAIR.HONEBT /any 2 p*l»rr r|owWr8««d»JOU
\ dealing /MLjs'kiarsa T&sr
WoNOriMI8/ gSySSS
\mtohht/
\PR08PERITY I den Steed* mul«1 on receipt
of Ac. per paper. All who tty
oor Seads beema rtmlar l£tr«» Our iwc keu aro
liberal m quantity 7. DefORRST FLA A (O.
Seed Merchants. Growers and Importer*
1W3 -Market St., Philadelphia, Pa.
LORD & THOMAS, Advertising, 45 to J
4i> Randolph St . Chicago, keep this paper on Cic
and arc uuthorisotl to fiftll ZJDYICC21Q
taike contracts with fllJ7sln I I^CHOi
THE PUXTOO OFFICE OF It#
AND THAT OF 1887.
What are the Chances for Printers’ Tal
ent in New York.
New York Standard.
There hangs on the walls of the
office of the typographical union in
New York the painting of a print
ing office of the year 1829. A press
man is at work on a Ram age hand
press, and about the room are seen
the appliances of that day for set
ting type, binding books and ruling
blank books. Perhaps all the plant
of such an office could have been
bought for $2,000, and the pressman
at work was capable, no doubt, of
performing every process in the pro
duction of a book or newspaper.
The man who made this sketch of
the office in which he worked in
1829 is still living. The walls of
the office of the typographical union
arc not large enough to contain a
pictorial gallery of the many
branches into which the trade of
printing is now divided, and pic
tures would have to be added con
stantly to depict the rapidly chang
ing processes in connection with the
business.
In 1870 the eight, ten or twelve
cylinder press used in the press
rooms of the dai!\ newspapers
was considered a marvelous
machine. To feed the cylinder
presses and the folding machines
there were then employed in a daily
newspaper office in New York from
twenty to fifty persons. The press
now used in such an office feeds
itself, prints, cuts into sheets, folds
and counts the papers. The scores
of feeders who were formerly em
ployed in press rooms are now earn
ing and saving, in order to become
employer-, in that indefinite haven
of those ousted by machinery—
“some other occupation. "
In the book printing offices the
presses of the new make are also
capable of being ruu with less labor ,
and of doing better work than those
of the style in general use twenty
years ago. New iolding machines
and new sewing machines in the !
book-bindery are throwing girls out
of work and performing in a day a
quantity of work that formerly took
up a week. In large binderies the
work of binding books is subdivided 1
t<> such an extent that an operative
working at the trade toils for years
at a single subdivision of it, such as .
embossing, rounding, backing, cut- 1
ting, pasting or sewing. Forty years
ago a bookbinder could have set
himself up in business with $130.
To day the necessary machinery for
a modes*, bindery costs at least
$3,000. In blank book manufactur
ing, improvements in machinery
have been made within ten years
that render it unprofitable for some
machinery constructed previously to
be worked at all. In other words,
the owner of a small blank book fac
tory, operating with his old-style
machines, would lose more money i
the more lie worked, and if lie had
the energy, skill and business tal
ents of a tiptop captain of industry,
he would go to ruin so much the
sooner. It would be as it a man
were to start to ride on horseback
to San Francisco in order to save
ear fare and put up at the highest
priced hotels on the way.
Type composing machines are in
use in halt' a dozen large otlices in
New York. While it is a fast compos
itor who can set 10,000 cms a day, a
team of three machine operators can
average 60,000 eras a day if working
on reprint copy and not require*l to
change the length of the lines. The
first cost of the composing machine
and ih liability to get out of repair
-tand in the way of its general adop
tion. hut comp isitors generally take
it for granted that a machine or a
print M may at any time be invented
which wih take the place of hand
compositor in plain type setting.
There are establishments in the
citv where nothing but presswork is
done. Scott has presses by the
dozen at work night and day, the
forms being carted there from nu
merous composing rooms scattered
about tli*' lower part of the city. It
would be a smart pressmnu who
could run otf work on a single press
in a small otlice at as low a rate as
one of Scott's presses can do it.
All who know anything at all <>t
the weekly press of the country are
: aware that hundreds of the smaller
papers are printed on one side in a
large city establishment and sup
plied to their proprietors at a cost
but little above that of white paper,
as the same “matter” appears in
many of them, and the advertisc
, uients inserted by the wholesole
bouse printing these papers repay
the cost of the work. This class of
newspapers are known to the trade as
“patent insides ’ Within five years
another proves-, lias played havoc
among compositors. Stereotype
plates are sent by express from sev
eral cities to the country press, the
plates being but the eighth of an
inch thick and tilted into the forms
i on movable and adjustable bases.
Telegraphic news matter is thus
prepared and forwarded in the
morning for points within 150 miles
of New York, arriving in time for
use in the evening papers. Miscel
laneous matter goes more slowly,but
reaches many more papers. This
plate matter is recognized by the
union printers as capable ol irre
trievable damage to the craft, both
in diminishing wages and lessening
opportunities for obtaining work.
There have been many newspapers
started in small towns through the
means of plttes. These little towns
will soon be sending out a horde of
half-taught and low-priced compos
itors, for small country offices but
rarelv have employment for journej'
men. The larger weeklies and the
| daily papers of the third rate cities
j also use plate matter, the effect being
I to increase the size of the papers
somewhat, but at the same time to
lessen on the whole the amount of
work for compositors. Another use
(or plate matter, and one which is a
menace to the scale of wages, is that
| in case of strike it can be relied on
to (ill up the forms.
In addition to the changes in the
New York printing otliee growing
out of new methods and improved
machinery, the work of the trade
lias been split off into many divis
ions. and, with few exceptions, each
of these divisions is monopolized by
a few houses, the monopoly being
established and controlled through
the possession of facilities not at
tainable by a beginner. Who would
tiiink to-day of entering into the
business of manufacturing school
books in the face of the pool sup
plying the country with them and
employing the usual modes of a pool
in crushing opposition? hat work- j
ing printer would dream of starting i
a daily newspaper or a monthly
maginize after looking over the list j
of failures in these lines during the
past ten years? The savings of a j
printer's lifetime would be unequal |
to the purchase of a single press in i
a daily newspaper ollice. No com i
bination of merit and genius can j
cope with the problem of competing |
with the four large theatrical print
ing ottiees of the city, its three color ;
printing firms, its half dozen law
printing establishments, or its three
railway printing houses. Once or
twice in a decade talent, character
and capital unite and successfully
build up a new printing ollice in New
York. This is usually done, how
ever, through large capitalists seek
ing investments for their money and
cdmpfWng'ftffiecs already' estab j
lished to yield a share of their pat
ronage and in part release their grip ;
upon the increasing volume of work '
in the way of printing. Again, some
enterprising persons may perceive
apart from the common line of work
a little need for a neyv otliee that'
may in time grow to be a great
ollice. This is in the direction for
the exercise oi .1 business iiiient i nae
is much vaunted and flattering to 1
solf—foresight—and the printers ,
who have believed that they had
that talent and had discovered a
need are surprising in number. As !
a consequence there are ex proprie \
tors of printing oflices at the ease iu !
every ollice in the city. Taking the |
waste ot capital and the wages that
might have been earned if these ex
proprietors had never made their
business ventures, the aggregate loss
t<> the working members of the print- ,
ing fraternity, through unsuccessful j
attempts to become employers, will i
bear comparison with what has been
thrown away by the shiftless.
Several managers of printing
otliees have lately been interviewed
by the writer in relation to the ques
tion of building up a paying estab
lishment. Mr. Roony, manager of
the Concord Co operative Company,
pays $900 a year rent for an estab
lishment now having about $5,000
worth of material in it. He had
lately sought better quarters iti liis
neighborhood, but found nothing
that rented under $1,200 which an
swered his purposes. lie had had
his eye on a new building near by,
while it was iu course of construc
tion, and thought he might take in
it a room 25x75 feet. Rut its rent
turned out to be $2,000 a year. Mr.
Roony thinks that $30,000 is re
quired to set up an office which can
expect to compete in any of the
larger lines of the printing business.
Mr. McWilliams said that he
thought $50,0C0 might start a book
printing office. The smaller offices
generally made barely a living over
their rent, which was sure to rise if
the office depended on its locality
for its good will. He had once gone
to a place that was worthless for any
me else, but as soon as he had made
it pay the rent was run up to a point
that compelled him to remove. Mr.
Burgoyue, whose large business has
been built up iu the past fifteen
years, said there was $80,000 invest
i cd in his office. An office that could
bid for work of any class might be
established for $i50.000; but in
i ordci todo all kindsof work aquar
ter of a million would be needl'd.
The day of the small printer had
gone by. He had a number of ex
proprietors working for him. He
made money by doing quick work in
a “flexible” office. His hands could
be transferred from one department
to another, and thus an immense
amount of work done a* a low cost.
He does work for a dozen smaller
offices.
The complete printing office of
i 1829, with its few primitive tools, is
no longer in existence. From it
have sprung daily newspaper offices,
book printing offices, job offices,
binderies, blank book factories, lith
ographing, engraving, label and
j color printing establishments. I he
wage worker is now seldom success
ful in becoming an employer, lhe
men arc as good as they were in old
1 times, but conditions imve changed.
-► -
! SUCCESSFUL PROFIT SHAR
ING.
A year ago the firm of Norton
Pros., Chicago, decided to adopt the
profit-sharing system with its em
ployes. The firm promised to di
vide a certain portion of. its profits
for the year among th<f employes
who worked for the firm fcr at least
six months during the year, and
who had not left their work without
the consent of the firm, or who had
not been discharged for cause. The
firm guaranteed the sum to be di
vided to be no less than $10,000, and
expected the men to refrain from
striking or in any way interfering
with their business. The men readi
ly consented to this arrangement,
and Thursday the firm divided $13,
275 amongst tli'e 250 employes, each
employe receiving a sum in propor
tion to the amount earned during
the year. Each employe received
nearly 7-f per cent, on his earnings.
The earnings of the men ran from
$500 to $1,500 in theyeaj, and each,
therefore, received from! $38.50 to
$77.70. The system resumed in gen
eral satisfaction all around.
It is said that the amount of dead
capital invested in farm fences in
the United States alone reaches the
immense aggregate of $5,000,000,000
and that the construction of new
fences and the renewal of old ones
involves an outlay of nil less than
$200,000,000 annually. It is diffi
cult to fix an approximate idea of
what immense sums as these repre
sent, but some conception of this
enormous investment may be formed
from the fact that it nearly equals
the capital stock of all the railroads
of the country, while the annual ex
pense almost parallels the entire
revenue of the National Govern
ment.
-► — 4”
DIGGING FOR GOLD EAGLES.
The Latest Texas Sensation^-Old Fields
Full of Ready-Made Money.
Italthnnrn American.
Four Worth, Tex., April Ifi.—
Sunday morning two men drove up
to the residence of William Tubbs,
Sr., living lour miles north of Craw
ford, and said they wished to sec
the man of the house, to whom they
made the following disclosure: In
1805 an Indian woman, tearing that
she would he plundered by ^ ankce
raiders, buried an iron vessel con
taining *1,000 in gold under a cor
ner of the house now occupied by
Mr. Tubbs. I’pon moving away she
concluded it was safest to leave it
where it was. I’pon her deathbed,
a short time ago, she revealed the
secret to the two mer. just spoken of,
and. in return for kindness shown
her by these parties, she beqeathed
to them the buried treasure. 1’e
questing Mr. Tubbs’ permission to
dig under the house, they all pro
ceeded to the house and commenced
to dig at the spot indicated by the
Indian woman. The iron pot was
unearthed. In the vessel was found
a canvas hag containing a large
amount of gold coin, exactly how
much Mr. Tubbs is unable to state
—possibly *1,000 or *1,500. After
the above laets had become gener
ally known. Captain llewley, who
livs near Mr. Tubbs, said that on
last Monday afternoon, while plow
ing in a field near his house he per
ceived sticking in the earth shin
ing substance. I pon investigation
it proved to be a*20 gold piece, lie
thought nothing straugc of this. As
he plowed on he found more gold
pieces, and he was .-o aroused upon
the subject that lie called his. hired
help, Ed. Carpenter, from another
part of the field. By night fail they
had succeeded altogether in picking
up 282 *20 gold pieces, which
amounted to *5,040. This startling
discovery has set the country wild,
and every person who owns as much
as ten acres of ground has gone to
digging for gold. Slack Henson,
who was in town Monday, says he
found *35 in Confederate money in
an old Bois d’Arc stump on Ins
place. The next day he was offered
*100 per acre for his place,
but he refused to sell. In 1840
the Tonkavva Indians sold to
the Texas government a part of
their reservation for *40,000 in gold.
As the tribes were encamped for
nine months about where Captain
Bcwlev’s farm is. it is probable they
hid a part of all this money where
they then were. Bewley thinks there
is more gold hidden in this field, so
he has posted his entire farm, and
warns any and all persons, upon pain
of death, not to come on his place
with a pick.
During the year 1880 11.000 lbs,
of beeswax were shipped from <_ aii
fornia by sea to Europe; 41,000 lbs.
by overland by rail, mostly to New
York, and 3,000 lbs. via Panama tc
New York.
THE COUNT TON MOLTKE.
THE CELEBRATED CHIEF OF
STAFF AND HIS EMPEROR.
His Early Poverty and Late Successes—
Leaving the Danish for the German
Army—His Personal Appearance
—His Numerous Talents—
His Silence.
The great field marshal ol‘ Ger
many, like his emperor, is very old.
On the 2Gtk of October last he ccle
brated his 86th birthfiay. He is a
childless widower, and to his castle
of Kreisau, far from the capital, did
he go to spend his birthday. There
his wife is buried, in the center of a
park, under a mausoleum. None of
his family have lived to enjoy the
great man’s fame.
Helmut Karl Von Moltke, al
though serving in the Danish army
when but 21 years of age, was not
born in Denmark, but at Parcliim,
in Mechlinburg, bis father, Baron
Von Moltke, a retired Prussian offi
cer, owning an estate in that grand
duchy. His mother was only a
burgher’s daughter.
Von Moltke’s father lost his
wealth with the fall of the father-1
land and entered the service of Den
mark, rising to be lieutenant-general. j
Helmut and his brother Fritz were
sent to Partem Kinekbeer’s acade
my, in Ilobenfclde and afterward to
the military academy at Copenha
gen, where they were very poor, and
where, as page, Helmut often waited
at table.
When absolved from bis duties as
page he joined his regiment. Den
mark, as Napoleon's ally, had lost
severely. It was compelled to cede
Norway to Sweden, and became
bankrupt. Many of the young offi
cers surrendered their commissions
and took foreign service. Among
them was the presentgreat strategist,
Von Moltke. His dismissal was gran
ted with a sneer.
His advancement in the Prussian
army was slow. Not till he had
served fourteen years in an under
charge, and was past thirty-two
years of age, did he become a first
lieutenant. In 1835 he obtained
leave of absence for a short oriental
! tour, which was, by force of extra-1
I ordinary circumstances, extended to
four years. The Turkish Sultan
chose Von Moltke to reorganize his
army, and for nearly five yeaffs made
him his chief adviser and counselor.
When Von Moltke returned to
Prussia he was decorated with the
i order of merit and was accorded per
mission to wear a decoration given
| him by the Sultan. He had written
j some tales of the orient, and these
falling into the hands of Miss Mary
i Burt, an English girl and step
1 daughter of his sister, inspired in
her a fervent admiration which rip
| ened into love upon acquaintance.
| They were married after he was pro
moted to the rank of major,and lived
! together happily for a quarter of a
century; but she died before her
i husband became celebrated.
Prussia learned Von .Moltke s
value during the seven days’ cam
1 paign in Austria; and he won the
Danish war also, though Prussia did
; not realize it at the time. He plan
ned the French campaign, and when,
j on that famous day in 1801, the em
peror, with his victorious soldiers,
re entered the Brandenburg gates at
Berlin, with Bismarck and Moltke
at his side, the monarch showed his
appieeiation of his chief of staff. He
created him count. With tlie sum
of money he got as his share from
the war debt paid by Fiance. $500,
000, he bought the estate of KreisaO.
Count Von Moltke looks like the
photographs and engravings of him.
Like Lincoln, the meanest wood eut
intended for him resembles him.
His face is clear cut and clean
shaven; Ida lips are thin and decis
ive looking; his eyes arc blue, his
nose Roman, and he wears a wig—
a modest mixture of chestnut and
silver.
He has acquired fame in many
ways. He might be said almost to
be a universal genius, rare as the
product is. As strategist, as author,
painter, musician and linguist he
has won honors. He holds his own
in eleven tongues. But, with all his
gifts, he cannot talk. He is known
at Berlin as “The Silent. In the
Reichstag he gives Bismarck his
vote, but not bis voice. Neither
does lie talk privately with his col
leagues.
It has been asserted that the* at
mosphere, physical and mental, of
I the Prussian kingdom, is conducive
! to longevity. The emperor’s pbysi
cians declare that, as he has no or
ganic disease, there is nothing to
prevent him from attaining 100.
It seems that he bars out all the
predictions made about his long life.
One story says that, at the time of
the Furstentag at Frankfort, in
lbG3, King William, one day. walk
ing in the neighborhood of Baden
Baden, accompanied by Herr Von
Bismarck and a number of ladies
and gentlemen, passed a gypsy hut.
One of the ladies exclaimed:
“That is where the famous gypsy
girl Preciosa tells fortunes.
The party, who were all in walk
ing dress, entered the hut and had
their fortunes told in succession, th%
king, whose identity was conceal
ed, coming last. Preciosa held his
hand a long while in silence, and
then said:
“I see a great crown, great victo
ries and great age. You will live
ninety-six years, but your last days
will bring many troubles and much
sorrow.”
The king forgot all about the
prophecy till in 1884, when, at a ball
at the Russian embassy in Berlin,
the Hungarian Countess Erdody,
whose mother was a Tsiganc, was
presented to him. During a long
conversation it was incidentally
mentioned that the countess possess
ed the gift of chiromancy. The
emperor held out his hand and the
countess, after examining the lines,
gravely said: “Your majesty is
destined to live ninety-six years.”
The emperor, it is added, was much
struck by the coincidence.
-» ♦ —. -
AN ANCIENT NOSE PULLING
AFFAIR.
From “Porley’s Rominiseenses of Sixty
S'ears in the National Metropolis."
Mr. Adams’ private secretary was
his, son John Adams, who soon
made himself very obnoxious to the
friends of General Jacksou. One
evening Mi. Russell Jarvis, who
then edited the Washington Tele
graph, a newspaper which advocated
Jackson’s election, attended a
“drawing-room” at the White House,
escorting his wife and a party of
visiting relatives from Boston. Mr.
Jarvis introduced those who were
with him to Mrs. Adams, who re
ceived them courteously, and they
then passed on into the East Room.
Soon afterward they found them
selves standing opposite to Mr. John
Adams, who was conversing with
the Rev. Mr. Stetson. “Who is that
lady?” asked Mr. Stetson. “That,”
replied Mr. John Adams, in a tone
so loud that the party heard it, “is
the wife of one Russell Jarvis, and
if he knew how contemptibly he is
viewed in this house they would not
be here.” The Bostonians at once
paid their respects to Mrs. Adams
and withdrew, Mr. Jarvis having
first ascertained from Mr. Stetson
that it wasjdr. John Adams who
had insulted them. A few days
afterward Mr. Jarvis sent a note to
Mrmn Affams, demanding an ex
planation, by a friend of his, Mr.
McLean. Mr. Adams told Mr. Me- !
Lean that he had no apology to
make to Mr. Jarvis, and that he
wished no correspondence with him. ;
A week later Mr. John Adams I
went to the Capitol to deliver mes- I
sages from the President to each
house of Congress. Having deliver
ed that addressed to the Speaker of
the House of Representatives, he
was going through the rotunda to
ward the Senate Chamber, when he
was overtaken by Mr. Jarvis, who
pulled his nose and slapped his face.
A scuffle ensued, blit they were
quickly parted by Mr. Dorsey, a j
Representative from Maryland. Pres i
ident Adams notified Congress in a
special message of the occurrence, j
and the House appointed a select
committee of investigation. Wit
nesses were examined and elaborate J
reports were drawn up, but neither ;
the majority nor the minority recoin- ;
mended that any punishment be in
flicted upon Mr. Jarvis.
ORIGIN OF A FAMOUS SONG.
I

Augusta, <ia., < ,'hroniclo.
Once over the bar at its entrance j
from the gulf the Suwanee river ,
: holds its way with a deep currrent,
in places of forty leet, far up
j through the forests of the best hard
I pine in the State. It is the Penob
scot of Florida. It lias some good
land upon it where plantations have j
heretofore been made, but after
i awhile generally abandoned. 'I he
I mosquitoes and malaria guard the
main entrance against other than
lumbermen, anglers and tourists.
This dark river has, too, its ro
. mance, as being the place which
•rave rise to a melody, which, like
"Home, Sweet Home,” the affection j
1 of the heart will never let go. For 1
it was here that a French family in |
the time of Louis XI\ came over |
and settled upon the Snwanec and
made a plantation. After awhile i
; the father and mother and all died
save one daughter, who, dishearten
ed and desolate, returned to Frahce, j
and there wrote, adopting in part
that negro dialect which she bad
been familiar with on the plantation
in her girlhood, a feeling tribute to |
“the old folks at home” in their
graves in the far-off country.
--
HOW THEY GO TO BED IN
JAPAN.
Sacramento Record-I'niou.
A bed in Nikko, Japan, is eight
or so thick silk wadded comforters
piled upon the floor; upon this a
very ample wadded coat is placed.
You slip into this great coat, put
your arms into the long sleeves, fold
it over you and sleep. The pillow
is a block of wood placed under the
neck, but looks too hard, and I carry
a rubber pillow to take its place. A
paper lantern is lighted all night,
1 for the people, I am told, are much
afraid of the dark. -
» “C LEAR THE WAY.”
Men of thought, be upand stirring night
and day.
Sow the seed, withdraw the curtain,
clear the wav.
Men of action, aid and cheer them as wc
may;
There's a fount about to stream, there's
a light about to beam,
There’s a warmth about to glow, there’s
a flower about to blow;
There’s a midnight blackness changing
into gray;
Once the welcome light has broken, who
shall say
What the unhidden gloriex of tho day?
What the evil that shall perish in its nay?
Aid the dawning tongue and pen; aid'll,
hopes of honest men;
Aid it paper, aid it type; aid it for the
hour is ripe,
And our earnest must not slacken into
way.
Lo! the cloud’s about to vanish from tin*
day,
And a brazen wrong to crumble into
clay;
Lo, the right’s about to conquer! Clear
tho wav!
With the rightshall many enter, smiling
at the dawn,
With tho giant wrong shall tall many
others, great and small,
That for ages long have held us for their
prey,
Men of thought, men of action, clear
way.
A SCORE OF HOUSEKEEPING
HINTS.
Boston Budget.
White paint that has become dis
colored may be nicely cleaned by
using a little whiting in the water
while washing.
Clean lamp chimneys by holding
them over the spout of a teakettle
full of boiling water, then wipe with
a clean cloth. It will make them
beautifully clear.
To make a good liquid glue, put
one ounce of borax into a pint of
boiling water,add two ounces of shel
lac and boil until the shellac is dis
solved. Bottle for use.
To lake spots of paint off wood,
lay a thick coating of lime and soda
mixed together over it, letting it
stay twenty-four hours,*theu wash
off with warm water, and the spot will
have disappeared.
Ink spots may be taken out of
white goods by soaking ami rubbing
the spots in sweet milk.
Keep coffee by itself, as its odor
affects other articles. Keep tea in a
closed chest or canister.
It is said if feather beds and pil
lows be left out in a drenching rain
every spring, and afterward exposed
to the sun and air on every side un
til dry, they will be much freshened
and lightened.
In heart disease special treatment
should'be avoided as much as possi
hlc. General toning op of the sys
tem, cheerfulness and avoidance of
strong excitement of every kind an*
the surest of all remedies.
Keep cut flowers fresh for several
days by tilling a vase with clean
sand, to which should be added a
liberal supply of powdered charcoal
Imbed the stems of the bouquet in
this and water occasionally.
Snleratns is excellent for remov
ing grease from woodwork which
j has not been painted. Spread thick
1 ly over the grease spots, moisten,
I and alter it has remained a half
hour wash off with tepid soap suds.
Never put milk, fat or any oily
: substance into the ear for the relief
J of pain, 'or they soon become rancid
! and tend to incite inflamation. Sim
1 pie warm water will answer the pur
pose better than anything else.
For mildew pour a quart of boil
ing water on an ounce of chloride of
lime. When it is dissolved add three
quarts of cold water. Into this pul
the garment and let it soak twelve
j hours. If not very bad the spots
J will come out in less time.
A nice way to freshen old lasbion
! ed silk.making it look like new surah,
is to sponge it carefully with strong
j coffee. While damp, lay it wrong
side up on an ironing board and
place pn|*er over it. then press with
a warm iron. Be sure the coffee is
perfectly settled until clear before
1 using. This is also good t«* freshen
black lace, cashmere, ribbon and nl*
Pflca. __
(Juiet a kicking cow l»y putting a
strap in her mouth and buckling it
. tightly behind her horns.
Thin out instead of shortening in
a tree when you transplant it. It is
i a mistaken notion thaf it i* the
i proper way to cut off the end* ol ail
the limbs.
Eggs intended for hatching shoul l
| not be over two weeks old. If much
older it takes longer to hatch them,
and the chick* are as a ger.ei-I
thing, not so thrifty.
An apiarist in France claims ttisi.
he has made experiments which
prove that only from six to eight
pounds of honey arc used by the
bees to produce a pound or comb.
A large amount of alfalfa sec l
will be sown in Montana Territory
this spring for the purpose of r.-ii*
ing fodder for cattle during the win
ter. The experiments made lr*t
season were highly successful.
-•>--#—*
Dandelions, willow*, and skunk
, cabbage are the first to yield hom-y
! to the bees in the spring. Then
1 comes the blossoms of fruit. ha?d
| maple, white clover, small fruit*.
: basswood, sumach, winding up with
i golden-rod, aster, Spanish needle
and smart-weed.

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