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our sub.or.pt.cMi list rorunv county be * departure, and inquiry i. ipen t inspection. For example: will prove it to be the best advertis inq medium in West Virginia. No I-,,,.* 3»i, Hardy 27, Harrison 34. cthecpublication is so w.defy distri buted over the State and read by the <..her < • >utuie» ... pr.-p. rtiou. Circte very class most valuable to advertis ■ lation in this county equal to that of ers. any other paper. i _____ _ “ -—-*-- . Vol. Ilia* No. XI. CHARLESTOWN, JEFFERSON COUNTY. W. VA„ FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1887. Price 3 Cents —... — — No One Need Remain A Dyspeptic. "1 have been suffering l*»r over two years with Dyspepsij. bor the iast year I could not take a drink of cold water nor eat any meat without vomiting it up. Mv life was a misery. I had ha\l recommended Simmons Liver Regulator, of which I am now taking the second bottle, ami the fact is that wor Is can not express the relief I feel. My appetite is very good, aud I di gest everything thoroughly. 1 sleep well now, and 1 used to be very restless. I atn fleshing up fast; goo.!, strong food and Simmons Liver Regulator have done it all. I write this in hopes of benefiting some (me who has suffered as 1 did, and would take oath to these state ments, if desired. E. S. Rali.ou, Syifiettie. JVe6. Genuine has Z in red on front of wrapper. Rest guarantee for the buyer. * f(*oXLY (IKNt’IXE i lias our Z Stamp in ml on front of Wrapper. .1. H. ZEILIX A ('(>.. Philadelphia, Pa. HOLS PROPRIKTOKS. PRICK $1.00. apr.29,eow-2m. BLACK WOLF! Or Black Leprosv. Is a disease which is considered incurable, but it’lias yielded to the curative prop erties of Swift s Specific-— now known all over I the world as S. S. S. Mrs. Bailey, of West Somer ville, Mass., near Boston.wasattacked severalyears ago with this hideous black eruption, and was treat ed by the best medical talent, who could onlv sav that the disease was a species of LEPRl >Y and consequently incurable. It is impossible to de scribe her sufferings. Iler body from the crown of her head to the soles of her feet was a mass of de cay, the flesh rotting off and leaving great cavities, dcr fingers festered and several uaiis dropped off it one time. Her limbs contracted by thofearful ulceration, and for years she did not leave her bed. iler weight was reduced from 125 to 60 lbs. Sort-.* faint idea of her condition can be gleam d from tnc fact that three pounds of Cosmoliuo or oint ment were used per week in dressing her sores. Finally the physicians acknowledged their defeat by this Black Wolf, and commended the sufferer j to her all wise Creator. ... Her husband hearing wonderful reports of Swift s Specific (S S. S >. prevailed ou her to try it as a last resort She began its use under protest, but soon found that her system was being relieved of i he poison, as t he sores assumed a red and healthy Color, as though the bleed was becoming pure and n a . - Hailey continued the S. S. S. until last V v us healed; sho discarded Chair and rr i.'i- uud was for the first time in 12 years a iw il ,n Il>-r hnshand, Mr. C. A. Bai ley. is hi i * - iii -s i r 17 t Bluckatone Street. Bos t n, and w 11 .. • | .-a.--.re :u giving the <!> taila ot tins woi.dv . nl c>i * s.-nd to us for Treatise (A B'ood and Skiu Ih^vase1, mailed free. The Sw.rr Specific Co., Drawer 3, Atlant* Gfi Merchant Tailoring. Berryville, Virginia, carries a full line of Fine Woolens, Coatings, Fancy Cassimeres, y VT All work guaranteed to be as rep resented. and tirst-elass in tit and stvle. t Having employed a cutter, who is a graduate of the John Mitchell ut ting School of New A ork, teel confident, in offering our services to the citizens of Jefferson that we can give entire satis faction and will use every means to give our work a high reputation. Sotix/uc'io.f tiuaruuteeti. apr.t*,’S« lv. RICHARD W. MAURY, i formerly with the late firm of 11. H. Maury A Co., lor* m ain ST., lilt'llM«>N I*, Y.V.. Stock & Bond Broker. Dealer in all classes State. City, ( ouu t v ami Railroad Bonds ami Stocks. Sj*t rial attention given to investment secu rities; also dealer in Foreign Kxohang®. Prompt and personal attention given to all orders. tnayfi 3m. FLOWER SEEDS \v<cBCucvt #_v »■■■■■ . t“ •, _ . .. w We wiD mad on racaipl of lOc. \ FA1R.H ONE8T Many f p»p«i»Floww S»«ti,oa \ f may want, together with oor \ DEALING i ahw*..^ and Seed Manual. \ THFONLYBAa? f For T9 »# »«nd inJ' I t» I InCUSU DAwSf paper* wlected. either roor VFORPERKMIttNTf choice or oora. Stamp* taken. \ nrmnnrn.n,f Any and all ranetie* of t.ar. \PROSPERfTYM den Seed* mailed on receipt VaaiaMl of Ac. par paper. All *h, try LORD & THOMS,REWSPAPER 4'J Handolph St.. Chicago, keep this paper on tile and are anthurized to aflUCDTICCOC oiako contract a with SU"ltn I lolfifli PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS. A rhapter from History. The House of Representatives of the Forty ninth Congress as origi nally elected was made up of 184 Democrats and 141 Republicans, the Democratic majority being thus 43. The death of Representative Hahn, of Louisiana, and the election of a Democrat in his stead, has increased this majority to 45. If the unbroken precedents of the last forty-liveyears teach anything, it is that, while there is no apparent reason why the Dem ocratic majority may not be increas-' ed, a decreased Democratic member ship in the Fiftieth Congress need not surprise anybody. Never since 1840 has the party which named the President been able to return as many members to the (’ongresa elect ed in the middle of the presidential term as to that which was elected at the same time with the President. The Whigs in IS40 swept the coun try and elected a Whig House as* well as a Whig President. Two years later the House of Repie sentatives contained a Democratic majority of no less khan sixty-one. Although the popular vote as be tween Clay and Polk was in 1S44 very evenly divided, Mr. Polk on en tering upon his administration found in the House of Representatives of the Twenty ninth Congress an ad ministration majority of sixty-two. But when the Thirtieth Congress met the administration was faced with an adverse majority in the House of eleven, and a Whig (Win throp, of Massachusetts) was elect ed Speaker. The Whigs in 1S48, although they elected (leu. Taylor President, returned four less than one-half of the House of Representa tives. This very evenly divided House was, however, in two years re placed by one in which the oppon ents of the Whig administration out numbered its supporters in the pro portion of about thirteen to eight. The Democratic deluge of 1S52, which carried every State in the Union, save four for the Democratic electoral ticket, brought with it a House of Representatives, in which there was a Democratic majority of eighty-four. The rise of the know nothing party, and the opposition caused by the passage of tlie Kan sas Nebraska act, completely ehang cd ttie situation, and the very next House had an anti-Deiuocratic ma jority of seventy-five. The Demo cratic party soon recovered a por tion at least of its strength, and when Buchanan was inaugurated the Democratic party had a majori ty- of two in the House then newly elect* d. This was,'however, lost again at the next election, and in the Thirty sixth Congress there was an anti administration majority of fifty-one. The war now came. At ter the withdrawal of the Southern members from their seats in Con gress, the Republicans had a major ity of thirty six in the first Congress of the war period. In spite ot all the war fever, the next House nail a Republican majority of but eighteen. When Lincoln was elected the sec ond time, the country, or rather the Northern portion of it, sent to sup port him a House in which the sup porter- of tlui administration out numbered its opponents by more i han three to one. In I860,although the Southern Slates were not yet re admitted through their representa tives to the floor of Congress, the Republican majority was cut down from one hundred and five to ninety four. When Gen. Grant was first elected, there was chosen at the same time a House in which the Re publican majority was ninety-three. In 1S70 the Congress elected in the middle of his term had an adminis tration majority of but thirty-five. In 1S72 the collapse of the Greely moveuieut was fatal to the opposi tion strength in the House, which found itself in the Forty-third Con gress in a minority of one hundred and three. The Republican tri umph was short-lived, for in 1S7-1 caniethegrcat Democratic tidal wave and with it a House of Representa tives which had a Democratic ma jority of seventy-four. In the elec tion'of 1&76, although the Demo cratic plurality in the popular vote was a quarter of a million, the House of Representatives elected had a Democratic majority of but thirteen. In the next House, elected in the middle of Hayes’s term, the majority was increased to twenty throe. In 1S80 the Forty-seventh Congress was elected, and in it the Republican majority was five. In 1882 Keifcr, Hubbell and Company might have read, if they had chosen to do ><>, the verdict ot the country upon their course in the Democratic majority of seventy seven which was then returned to the Forty-eighth Congress. If the elections of this fall shall result in the choice of a Congress in which the Democratic majority is no less than it is in the present Congress, Cleveland’s ad ministration will receive an indorse ment which has been given to no President for the last forty-five years. On the other band, if the Democrat ic strength shall be less, he will only experience the same treatment as the country gave to Polk, to Filmore, to Pierce, to Ruchanan, to lincoln, to Grant, to Hayes and to Arthur. WHAT FOOD COSTS. — Secrets of the Craft of Caterers—Chop House Profits. The population of the globe in | 1878 was calculated at 1,439,000, I 000. The population of Africa, j 205,000,000. The population of the j United States in 1790 was 4,000,000; in 1820, 9,638,000: in 1850, 23,000, 000, and in 1880, 50,000,000. The total immigration into the United States from 1856 to 1874 was 4,804, 000; in 1882 it was 788,000. The immigration between 1820 and 1879 was 9,908,000. Of this Ireland con I tributed 3,065,761 and Germany I 3,002,027. In 1801, the population j of lreland*wa9 5,395,000: in 1850 it I was 6.552,000 and in 1881, 5,174, 000. In 1816 the population of Ger j many was 23,103,000; in 1837, 30, 000,000; in 1867, 38,000,000 and in 1882, 45,213,000. A part of this in crease is due to the annexation of territory taken from Frahee. In 1841 the United Kingdom had a pop ulation of 27,000,000; in 1861, 29, 000,000 and in 1881, 35,000,000. The population of New Sotfth Wales j in 1788 was 1,030, in 1881, 751,468. Victoria had 224 inhabitants in 1836 and 945,703 in 1884. The popula tion of Japan is about 36,000,000. The population of Java in'lS82 was 20,260,000; the island is one of the most densly populated regions in the world, having 398 inhabitants to the square mile. If West Virginia was as densely populated her popu lation would be about 9,000,000. Belgium has 481 to the square mile; the Netherlands 312; British India 311; Germany, 180: Japan, 234; Italy, 246; France, 180; Denmark, 133 and the United .States, 14. At the rate we are going, in less than 200 years our population will be as dense as that of Java or Belgium.— Condensed from the Forum for March. THE KING AND LANDLADY. Translated from the German for the Ar kansas Traveler, by Alex. A. Sweet. “The Inn of the Golden Carp” at Hechtheim, a country village near Munich, was famed far and wide for two things. One was the excellence of the cookery, and the other was the candor of the landlady. Her candor was thought by some to amount to positive impudence. She was an original. Site was as inde pendent as a woodsawyer, and spoke her mind freely to everybody, re gardless of age, sex, present or pre vious condition, so to speak. As a cook she had no rival. She had some peculiar way of cooking carp that made them taste so good that her house never lacked guests. Maximillian, the genial king of Bavaria, had heard so much about the “Inn of Golden Carp,” and the wit and the originalty of the land lady, that he determined to pay her a visit, accompanied by several of his staff. It was only a few’ hours’ drive from Munich to Hechtheim, and one fine morning, after having notified the landlady of the antici pated visit, the king and his suit halted in front of the renowned tav ern. The monarch entered the dining room of the inn, and was received with all possible honor by those present. He looked around in vain 1 for the landlady, of whom he had heard so much. Perhaps she is | dressing herself in order to impress us more favorably,” thought the king, lie accepted some refresh ments that were offered him. New York Mail and Express. “Big money is made in high-pric ed restaurants, not in cheap ones,” remarked an experienced caterer to a reporter. ‘‘There are thousands ot ' tilings connected with the restaurant j business that outsiders have no con ception of. Owing to the lateness of the strawberry season this year and the high prices consequent thereon, I am losing 20 per cent on them j every day. I have to serve them, though, every day at the same price 1 that will be charged later on when they are much cheaper. The article of food that brings less profit to us than any other is beef, when served as steak anti roasts. People are i very fastidious about the beef they j eat and generally want the best quality. If all'restaurants got GO cents for a sirloin there would be j some money in it. The half way, medium-price places that charge 30 ! eents for sirloin make nothing at ! such a low figure. But the restau rants that receive GO cents for a sir loin clear mono}' because they do not have to pay much more for their meat than the cheaper caterers. We hedge greatly on beef, though, and 1 manage to save ourselves by stews, soups, hashes and the hold-over | dishes that have meat as a basis lor existence. The problem in each restaurant is how to come out whole on beef, and many honest caterers have failed in trying to solve it. You see some restaurants by good luck get a big run of customers who prefer stew, hash and soup. Money can be made in such cases, but the element of chance is so great we nev er calculate on them. “Your majesty has got the first sample of her impudence,” said Gen. Haller, a member of the royal suit, whose breast was adorned with vari ous orders and decorations. King Maximillian himself thought that this failure on the part of the landlady to pay him any attention was rather impudent, and upon his asking where she was, the landlord, who as might be supposed did not have much to say about the prem ises, stammered that she was pre paring the fish for the royal banquet and that his majesty would soon see her along with the fish. The adjutant of the king went i into the kitchen to see what was the reason the landlady was so impolite. She was at the stove so busily en gaged in cooking the carp that she did iiot show any signs of being awed by so important a personage as the adjutant thought lie was. “Are you the landlady?” ashcif * the adjutant rather abruptly. “I guess I’in not the landlord; al most any*fool could see that,” was the tart reply. “His majesty wishes to see you.” • I guess he’ll manage to hold out until the fish are cooked.” “11 is majesty is the ruler over all his subjects. He has to command and you have to obey.” “That may do for a flunkey like you.” “Flunkey! Iam the adjutant of i the king.” “Well, in this house I am king myself, and I don’t propose to be bossed by anybody, much less by a jackanapes like you. What do you do for a living, anyhow?” “I)o you refuse to obey the king?” “Certainly I do, when he asks anything unreasonable, but I don’t suppose that he is such a wretched blockhead as to want me to wait cn him and cook fish at the same time. Tell your boss that I would not lo9c my reputation as a good cook to please all the kings in the world.” The adjutant returned to King ! Maximillian and repeated the con versation he had had with the land lady. King Maximillian was a good natured man, and being anxious to see how far she would carry out the joke, sent Gen. Haller into thekitch eu to order the landlady to come into his presence at once. Gen. Haller strode into the kitch en with a martial tread, and in a 1 commanding voice said: j “His majesty, the king, orders you to appear before him immediately.” This attack, however, failed dis mally, for the only reply was a merry peal of laughter. “What are you laughing about?” i exclaimed the general angrily. “His majesty wishes to speak to you.” UNCOVERING THE SPHINX. Interesting Things Already Brought to Light. London Times.? The last occason on which the Great Sphinx was cleared down to the level on which the paivs rest was in honor of the opening of the Suez Canal, in 1809. The ever-drifting sands had, however, reburied it al most to the throat when Prof. Mas jiero, begau again the work of disin terment. This work has now been going on, somowlurf ' intermit tently, for more than twelve months, and is at the present time in active progress. A tramway has been laid down from the Sphinx to the edge of the Pyramid plateau, passing close under the west face of the granite building popularly, though incorrectly, called the temple of th** Sphinx. Along this tramway light trucks convey the sand to the point at which their contents are lis charged, the trucks being loaded by Arabs of both sexes and all ages, who carry the sand upon ibeii* heads in large flat baskets, ascending and descending all day long from exca vations below to the tramway above and vice versa. The means look curiously inadequate, but the results are astonishing. Already th«* entire fore part of the great stone monster is laid bare, and already the huge chest, the paws, the space between the paws, the altar in front of them, and the platform upon which they rest, are once more open to the light of day. Nor is this all. Between the Sphinx and the edge of the Pyra mid plateau a vast space has also been cleared, thus bringing to view a fine flight of steps some forty feet in width. These steps, which are described by Pliny, were uncovered by Caviglia in 1817, but have been entirely lost to sight for nearly sev enty years. A second flight of steps and the remains of two Roman buildings were also found bv Cavig lia, and will again be brought to light if the work continues in this direction. “The adjuncts that go with a steak boiled or fried potatoes, but ter aud two slices of bread, are heavy items of expense. These three articles of food are not charged for, but in the aggregate they cost the caterer quite a sum. Butter is a dead loss always. I had rather feed 500 people at good prices than 1,000 at small prices. A great saving is made by not having to buy so much for the cheap price customers, and it takes twice as many waiters to at tend the latter. Yet most people imagine that when they see a restau rant where moderate prices prevail crowded with customers that the proprietor is making money. Beef costs 1G, 14 and 12 cents a pound— butts, hips and loins—in the rough. Many high-priced restaurauts have their meat trimmed by the butchers, and have nothing to do but throw it on the fire, and they do not pay such extravagant prices either for these favors. “Where does the profit come iu? It is made on pastry and oysters and light farinaceous food. Take choc olate eclaires, for instance; they can be bought at 34 cents each and serv ed at 5 cents. Oysters are bought at $9 per thousand and sold at 25 cents a dozen. Eggs are variable, and J sometimes bring in a profit, but fre queutly do not. Then profits too often depend on seasons. Some seasons we do not do any business, comparatively speaking, and others the reverse is the ease. But even with a big run of customers, medium priced restaurants do not make much money. Another risk is run during the vegetable season. Salads, let tuce, tomatoes and early vegetables do not sell at all on cold days. As a rule, though, they afford some profit during the season. The best article for profit is milk. During the summer months the amount of milk sold is simply enormous, and at 5 cents a glass a handsome profit is made. The profits, however, vanish under such heavy expendi tures as coal, rent, waiters, ice, elec trie light and hundreds of other items." . . . To the right of the Sphinx—tliat is to say, in the direction of the granite temple, to the southward— a further excavation is in progress, the result of which will probably confirm the surmises of those who believe the Sphinx to stand in the midst of a huge artificial amphithe ater hewn out of the solid rock. This gigantic work would, of course, be contemporaneous with the Sphinx itself, which Marietta attributed to the mythic ages; if not actually pre historic, at all events the oldest monument in Egypt. From the level of the area below the great flight of steps (wh'ch lead down, and not up, to the Sphinx) one now measures the whole lieight of the huge human headed monster, whose battered countenance stands out against the cloudless sky one hundred feet above. The space be tween the paws is thirty-live feet long and ten feet wide. This space was anciently converted into a small sanctuary lined with votive tablets. The paws of the Sphinx, as they now appear, are a restoration of Roman date, being cased in compar atively small slabs, and to some ex tent hollow underneath. The breast of the Sphinx has likewise been faced in slabs, apparently in Roman times; and these slabs have again been repaired by cutting away the weathered surface and inserting a fresh facing. THE C ENT FORCING ITS WAY. New Orleans Times-Demoorat. The cent which could not be forced suddenly on the community, is growinginto favor. A1 argc num ber of houses arc now willing to ac cept it ami make their change ac cordingly, and the public is begin ning to recognize that the cent is of some value after all. Strange to say, as at the beginning of this move ment, the small dealers still hold back. Coppers will be taken inpay ment by almost any large dry goods house in the city, but the candy or banana peddler on the corner oppo site ignores this movement, and is afraid of the copper currency. There need be no fear, however, that the cent will not succeed. It has, in deed, already succeeded. The new coin has been introduced. It i9 no longer a novelty or a surprise. Those who thought they could sud denly spring it upon the community did not recognize the conservative nature of the people; did not appre ciate the fact that even so small rev k olutions as this can only be aecom plished with time and patience. “Tell him to come into tlie kitchen, then.” “What, his majesty tome to you here in the kitchen?” “Why not?” she replied, calmly turning the fish in the pan. “The distance from his majesty to the kitchen is just the same as the dis i tanee from the kitchen to his majes ty. So, i rot along, corporal, and tell your boss what I told you. “Corporal !”exclaimed the general, falling back a step or two, “Did you call me corporal?" “Ob, general or corporal, it is all the same, although there Ls many a corporal that has smelled a blamed !-sight more powder than ever you did, with all your harness and trap pings and your breast covered with jimcracks and medals for being a good boy when you were at school!” * This was too much. The general seized her by the arm and said in his most impressive tone of voice: “Now, you come right along with me.” But she gave him a shove that knocked him up against the wall, and swinging a stove spoon over her head, she said: “Get out or here, you superanua ted old frog sticker. Shove yourself out of here, or I’ll use you as a mop to wipe up the floor with.” For the first time in his life, per haps, General Haller had to beat a hasty retreat, and foaming with rage he imparted to the king the result of the interview. King Maximilhan began to be an gry himself now, but just at this moment the door opened and the landlady followed by a boy bearing a beautifully cooked fish ou a plate, entered. The king had expected to see an old virago, hence he was surprised to see a young, handsome woman, dressed in the becoming peasant costume of the neighborhood, with a jaunty cap and tassei on the side of her head. She was not in the least bashful, but waiting right up to his majesty, and looking him straight in the face with her handsome brown eyes, said heartily: “Welcome, your majesty,” and at the same time shaking his hand heartily, although he made a faint endeavor to resent the familiarity. “You are a little late in paying your respects,” remarked the king, somewhat piqued. “If I would have come sooner I would have spoiled the fish, and you would not have liked that, I sup pose; but sit down and try them,” and she gently forced the king down into a large arm chair, which she pushed up to the table. General Ilaller, who was still boil ing with rage, refused to sit down until she had apologized to him. “Apologize!” she exclaimed. “I think you had better apologize for pinching my arm. It is lucky lor you that I was busy, or I would have taught you a lesson in polite ness.” The king was so full of laughter that General Haller was obliged to swallow his wrath. The landlady took a seat opposite to the king, and showed that she could be amiable as well as candid, aud the meal passed off to the satisfaction of everybody present. When the king returned to his equipage, the handsome daugh ter of the landlady called her moth er’s attention to the roll of money the king had left on the table. Quick as lightning she rushed back intothe room,and soon appeared with the roll of money, which she forced into the king’s hand. “I want your majesty to under stand that we are not beggars, and that it is not going to cause us to make an assignment because we en tertained the king for a single meal. It’s nothing worth talking about, so please keep your money, your maj esty.” •‘But I can’t eat your fish and drink your beer-and not pay for it.” exclaimed the king. “Humbug,” said the landlady. . “Don’t you do that all the lime? Who supports your majesty and his court, and all the loafers around it, but the taxpayers? All we work for is to support you in idleness.” “Great heavens!” exclaimed the king to the driver. -‘Drive on, or there is no telling what we may not hear.” The king, however, leaned over the side of the carriage, and said: “My good woman, just take this money and make your daughter a present of it when she gets married, and when she comes to the city—” “Comes to the city?” exclaimed the landlady.” “I would like to see her going to your Sodom and Go morrah. A decent country girl can not be there ten minutes before some of these court officials, dressed up like monkeys, are chasing around after her. Not much she don't go to the city*, if I know myself. I want her to stav among respectable peo ple.” “For God’s sake whip up the horses!” exclaimed the king, and | the carriage rolled off. - - »■ ♦ m Millions of dollars arc annually lost by farmers carelessly allowing their cows to get overrun wiiLi lice. Young stock, especially calves, are very liable to be troubled with these posts. When your cattle constantly | lick and rub themselves, and the I hair grows towards the head, or ! great patches of skin are exposed by the loss of hair, lookout for this in sect. Try the following: “Two quarts of raw linseed oil. one pint of kerosene, three pounds sulphur: mix all thorough!) together and rub well into the hair, comencing between the | horns and following back to the tail. | Rub it on pretty freely, and then ■ with a card scratch well down upon j the sides. Do this every other morning until you have put it on I three or four times, carding the cat tle every morning. It is some work, : but it will pay you to hire a man to j do it. At the same time scatter a little Scotch snuff on the floor of the , stable. If you do not get rid of them it will be because you are not thorough. A small bag of sulphur kept in a drawer or closet that is infested with red ants will quickly disperse them. HINTS TO HOUSEKEEPERS. Essence of quassia will drive away • flies, and cucumber peel is detested by cockroaches. To cure a wart, scrape a carrot fine, mix with salt, and apply as a poultice five or six nights. When putting a new wick into the lamp, first soak it in vinegar and let it dry. It wiU last longer and burn better for so doing. Cold biscuits left over from tea may be made better than when first baked by dipping them into hot wa ter und placing them singly on the. hot grate in the oven long enough to let them get well warmed thro’. A butter stamp should always be washed in cold salt water before it is used. If soaked in hot water,the butter will stick to it, but never if soaked in cold brine. The salt ab sorbed by the wood keeps it moist while in use. The best way of checking the bleeding from the no6C is to apply cold water to the neck and face. Hold a sponge saturated with cold water to the nostiils,or if this should not succeed, dissolve a little alum in a basin of water, and inject or miff this up the nostrils. Hold the head back and do not attempt to blow the nose. To save stair carpets nail several thicknesses of old carpet or canvas over the edge of each stair. It is a good plan to buy more carpeting than is need to cover the stairs, and move it each season, so that the whole will wear evenly. If stair car pets cannot be changed in this way they will not wear nearly so long. Wash flannels in hot suds, and to prevent shrinking they must be rin sed in water as hot ns they weru rubbed in. It is the sudden change from hot to cold water that causes the shrinkage. If the rinsing water be not hot enough, let the clothes stand a few minutes and cool to the right temperature. A handful of borax in the water will tend to soft en them. Louisiana was purchased by the United States from France in 18C* for $15,000,000. The Territory thus bought embraced the greater part of the United States west ol^tbc Mis sissipi. The seven wonders o! the Middle Ages are the Coliseum of Home, the Catacombs of Alexandria, the great Wall of China, Stonehenge, the Leaning Tower of Ihsa. flo* Force lain Tower of Nankin and the Mosque of Sr. Sophia at Constanti nople. An English food inspector, Mr James Bell, finds that horse flesh and beef cannot be positively distin guished by external appearance, but that the fat is a reliable test. 'I he horse fat is fluid at a temperature of 70 degs., and has a specific gravity of 100 degs. of about 1)08.7 ; while the fat ol beef melts at J10 to 120 dogs., and is cousideiaiiSv lighter. The low melting point of thu fat will show when sausages are nia le from horse meat. * ■ •- -+ — Gingkk ( ,’akks.—Onoeup of molas ses, one cup brown sugar, one cup warm water, one cup lard, two table spoonfuls finger, one tablespoonful soda (dissolved in water), one tea spoonful powdered alum, put in last. Mix soft; bake quickly. • Coux Meal Mih-ins.—>On an 1 one-half clips of corn meal, the sam - of flour, two t*a»pooi»fuls of halting powder, one half cup of sugar, one half teaspoonful of salt,'"small table spoonful of melted butter, two < g. milk enough to make a stiir b .lt< r. Houses kept in close stables, espe cially if underground, are apt t • suffer from sore eyes, caused by the ammonia from their urine. A little land plaster or gypsum scattered in the stables will absorb ibis ammo nia and save its valuable fertilizing properties. Diluted snlphu ic neid will do the same, but is not • > eon venient as the gypsuin. Thk farmer who clears ;ip ; n acre of new land increases !><■* n»dy his own but the nation's wealth. But if he does this to the neglect of It's ! older tilled fields Uie gain is not <* | apparent. Wc halt cultivate t< * | much already. Few farmers h; • •• the money to cultivate all the land they own, and until they secure more capital the better way is thor oughly to till a part and let the i« * mainder lie fallow. The tallest race of men in the world are the American Indians. . • though one authority claims t! Patagonians are, but the data is in sufficient, their average height being j 67.934 inches. Next to tins'* on • the whites of the United States, tin .* j average height being 67.7<- inch***. After these the nations rank as f**1 - | lows: Norway. Scotland, British America’ Sweden. Ireland, Denmark, Holland. Hungary, England, Ger many, wales, Russia, Switzerland, etc. In our country the tallest men come from Kentucky, the average height being 68.677 inches; afid toe shortest are from Connecticut, C«.5h7 inches.—Balt. American.