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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, May 27, 1887, Image 1

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The Columns of this paper show il
to be a new departure, and inquiry
Our subscription list for any county will prove it to bo the best udVdMi*-'
• • open to inspection. For example: ing medium in Wei>t Virginia# No
in Berkeley 137.C.reon brier Sd.Hamp other publication is so widely distri
shire se. Hardy 27. Harrison 8A. buted over the State and rend-by the
very class most valuable to advertis
other counties in proportion. Ctrcu
lation in this county equal to that of
. ... No XI, = CHARLESTOWN. JEFFERSON COUNTY. W. VA„ FRIDAY. MAY 27. 1887._ Price 3 Cents
I rp to a few weeks ago 1 csmsidered
in\ self the champion l»y apepti<*of Amer
Ii,1 niring the years that l have I teen
afflicted l haw tried almost everything
claimed to he a sjss-itie for l*v -|{H>psia, in
the hope of finding something that
would afford ta»rm:»iient relief. I hail
alioiit made up mv mind to atauidon all
medicines when I noticed an endorse
nient of Simmons Liver Regulator, l>v a
prominent iSeorgian. a jurist, whom I
knew, and concluded to try its elfoetain
ia\ ease. I have us, i lint two lmttles,
and tm satisfied that I have strut k the
right thing at last. 1 felt it> beneficial
effects almost immediately. 1 ulike all
other preparations of a similar kind, no
special instructions are required as to
what one shall or shall not eat. 1 his
fact alone might to commend it to all
troubled with iKpepsia.
.1. N. ItuLMKS.
Vineland. N. .1.
To Secure t Regular Habit of Hody
Iw ithout Changing the Diet or Dis
organizing the System, take
oni.v tiKNl INK M.iNim it ri !> by
J.H ZEILIN&CO..Philadelphia.
Or Black Lcprosr, is a disease which is considered
incurable, but it lias yielded to the curative prop
erties of Swift's Specific—now known ail over
the world as S. S. S. Mrs. Bailey, of West Somer
ville. Mas*., near Bcston.wasatlikked several years
a"owith thu bid»~ u* black eruption. aiidwa*treat
/ 9‘. Jf
and consequent It incurable. It is impossible todo
scnbe her sufferings. Her body from the crown of
her head to the soles of her feet was a ma>s of de
cay the flesh rotting off and leaving great cavities,
•ler finders festered and several nails dropped off
at one time. Her limbs contracted by the fearful
ulceration, and tor years she did not leave her bed.
Her weight was reduced from lib to 60 lbs. Spine
faint idea of her condition can be gleam a from
tne fact that three pounds of COmboUm or oiut
ment were used per week iu dressing her sores
Finally the pbvsicians acknowledged their defeat
by this Black Wolf, and commended the sufferer
to her all wise Creator „ ...
Her hushand hearing wonderful reports of Swirl s
S iHrc ific (S s. S ). prevailed on her to try it as a
l i-t re- :t. She berau its use under protest, but
soon fonud that In r system was being relieved of
the iv; a. as the »or> s assumed a red and healthy
, as i ...iigh the bind was becoming pure and
;i Mr- l_!ky continued the 5>.S. a. untillast
l ‘ ; «> -v t >• v. .* l.i a led; she discarded
t.(. i r: ■ . ami was fur the flist time iu «
v. i. - a v. i i. a I!, r husband, Mr. C A
j. ., is :i I -s at n B kstone 8tiert,*>J
i .„. and will i.its i i- • in giving theJetauaoj
t :< \vond«rf::l » S> .:«l to i:-* f<-- irv^t.-'eou
li .soil and Skill !<:-< u: S nunied f’*'
‘filE Swirr Specific Co., Dt ,ur 3. Allant* Gw
:ipt..5',lm _____
Merchant Tailoring.
Berryville, Virginia,
onrri«“i a full lino »»f
Fine Woolens,
Fancy Cassimeres,
Silk Mi\nl anil Fancy Worsteds,
' All work guaranteed to l>y as rep
resented. and tirst-vlass in lit and style.
Having employed a cutter, who
is a graduate of the John Mitchel Cut
ting School of New York, feel confident
in ottering our services to the citizens of
Jefferson that we can give entire satis
faetiou and will Use every means to give
,»nr work a liigh reputation.
Sufi*Cut fiou 0"ai'uhfeetf.
iipr.!*,’s*> Iv.
formerly with the late firm of R. H.
Maury A Co.,
Stock & Bond Broker.
healer in all classes State. < itv, < oUti
t\ and Railroad Bonds and Stocks- Spe
cial attention given to investment secu
rities; also dealer in Foreign hxchange.
prompt and personal attention^ goon
to all orders. maytl-.tni.
\FAIR,H0NE9Tf uyrgp*pai* Flower S««h you
\ DEALING rS55 iSL3l
MORPERMAMENT# cboK»orour». 8Un,r» t»W
\ f Any and All vanetmof l*ar«
\PR03?£R:TY| dch Se*d* miM on r-evipt
of 5,-. p« p»l“r- Ati »h > try
oor Se-ds bocntirf regular patrons. OM PJJ .-(• ore
litoral iu quantity /. llrKIIREST Kid ,V t O.
► • torn! Merchants. Grower* and Importer*
141X1 Uurkd SI., Pblludt lpUai, t*a.
LORD & THOMAS, Advertising, 45 to
4M Kandolph St.. Chicago, keep this paper on fllo
and are authorized to ini/rnT|CCDC
4*tkc contra.1 s witb flU7Co1 IdLflOi
War as Seen By a Private of an
Observant Turn—Death and
Wounds in the Ranks.
In Frank Wilkeson’s “Recollec
tion* of a Private" is this chapter,
which cannot fail to be of greater
interest to the average reader than
the war stories which are written
from the standpoint of men who
w ere not in the light, or, being there,
treat of the struggle in a general
and tactical way:
Almost every death on the battle
field is different. And the manner
of the death depends on the wound
and on the man, whether he is cow
ardly or brave, whether his vitality
is large or small, whether he is a
man of active imagination or is dull
of intellect, whether he is of nervous
or symphalic temperament. I in
stance deaths and wounds that I
saw in (1 rant’s last campaign.
()n the second day of the battle of
the Wilderness, when 1 fought as an
infantry soldier, I saw more men
killed and wounded than I did be
fore or after the same time. I knew
but few of the men in the regiment
in whose ranks I stood, but I learned
the Christian names of some of them.
The man who stood next to me on
mv right was called Will, lie was
' cool, brave and intelligent. In the
morning when the second corps was
advancing and driving Hill’s sol
diers slowly back. 1 was Hurried. He
noticed it, an l steadied my nerves
| bv saving kindly: “Don’t lire so
1 fast. This light will last all day.
Don’t hurry Cover vour man before
you pull your trigger. Take it easy,
i my boys, take it easy, and yourcart
i ridges will last the longer.” This
1 man fought effectively. During the
day 1 had learned to look up to this
excellent soldier aud lean on him.
Toward evening, as we were being
slowly driven back to the Brick
road by Longstreet’s men, we made
I a stand. 1 was behind a tree firing,
with my rifle barrel resting on the
s.uh of a limb. Will was standing
by my side, but in the open. He,
with a groan, doubled up, and drop
ped on the ground at my feet. He
looked up at me. His face was pale.
He gasped for Wreath a tew times,
»ud then said faiutlv: “Tbntenda
me. I am snot through the bowels.
1 said: “Crawl to the rear. We are
not fai from the intrenehments along
tin- Brock road." 1 saw him sit up,
and indistinctly saw him reach for
his rifle, which had fallen from his
hands as he fell. Again I spoke to
him to go to the rear. He looked at
i me and -aid impatiently: “1 tell
1 von that 1 am as good SIS dead. There
is no use in fooling with me. 1 shall
I stay here.” Then lie pitched for
| ward, dead, shot again and through
> the head. We fell back before Long
strict s soldiers and left \\ ill lying
in a windrow of dead men.
When we got in the Brock road
intrencenieuts a man a few files to
my left dropped dead, shot just
above the right eye. He did not
groan or sigh or make the slightest
j physical movement, except that his
| chest heaved a few times. The life
went out of his face instantly, leav
ing it without a particle of expres
sion. It was plastic, and, as the
facial muscle- contracted, it took
mam shapes. \\ hen this man s
body became cold and his face hard
cned it was horribly distorted, as
though lie had suffered intensely.
Any person who had not seen him
killed would have said that he en
i dured supreme agony before death
released him. A few minutes after
he fell, another man. a little farther
to the left, fell with apparently a
precisely similar wound. He was
straightened out aud lived for over
an hour. Hi* did not speak. Simply
lav on his back, and his broad chest
rose and fell, slowly at first, and
then faster and faster, and more and
more feebly, until he was dead. And
his taco hardened, and it was almost
terrifying in its painful distortion.
I have seen dead soldiers’ faces
which were wreathed in smiles, and
heard their comrades say that they
had died happy. I do not believe
that the face of a dead soldeier, ly
ing on a battlefield, ever truthfully
indicates the mental or physical an
guish, or peacefulness of mind which
he suffered or enjoyed before his
death. The face is plastic after
death, and, as the facial muscles
cool and contract, they draw the
face into many shapes. Sometimes
the dead smile, again they stare with
glassy eyes and lolling tongues and
dreadfully distorted visages at you.
It goes lor nothing. One death w as
as painless as the other.
After Longstreet’s soldiers had
driven the second corps into their
intrenchments along the Brock road,
a battle-exhausted infantryman
stood behind a large oak tree. His
hack rested against it. He was very
tired, and held his rifle loosely in
his hand. The Confederates yvere
directly in our front. This soldier
was apparently in perfect safety. A
solid shot from a Confederate gun
struck the oak tree squarely about
four feet from the ground, but did
not have sutiicient force to tear
through the tough wood. The sol
dier fell dead. There was not a
scratch on hitu. He was killed by
While we were fighting savagely
over these intrenchinents the woods
' in our front caught fire, and I saw
! many of our wounded burn to death.
! Must they not have suffered horri
; bly! I am not at all sure of that.
The smoke rolled heavily and slowly
before the tire. It enveloped the
wounded, and I think that b}' lar
the larger portion of the men who
were roasted were suffocated before
the ltames curled round them. The
spectacle was courage sapping and
pitiful, and it appealed strongly to
the imagination of the spectators,
but I do not believe that the wound
ed soldiers, who were being burned,
suffered greatly, if they suffered at
Wounded soldiers, it mattered uot
how slight the wounds, generally
hastened away from the battle line.
A wound entitled a man to go to the
rear and to a hospital. Ot course
there were many exceptions to this
rule, as there would necessarily be
in battles where from twenty to
thirty thousand men were wounded.
I frequently saw slightly wounded
men who were marching with their
colors. I personally saw but two
men wounded who continued to tight.
During the first day’s fighting in the
Wilderness 1 saw a youth of about
twenty years skip and yell, stung by
a bullet through the thigh. lie
! turned to limp to the rear. Alter
j he had gone a few steps he stopped,
then he kicked out his leg once or
I twice to see if it would work. Then
| he tore the clothing away from las
: leg so as to see the wound. He
; looked at it attentively for an in
1 stant, then kicked out Uis leg again,
then turned and took his place in
the ranks and resumed tiriug. There
was considerate disorder iu the line,
and the soldiers moved to aud fro—
now a few feet to the left, now a few
feet to the right. One of these
movements brought me directly oe
himl this wounded soldier. I could
see plainly from that position, and
I pushed into the gaping line and
began firing. Iu a minute or two
the wounded soldier dropped his
rifle, and clasping his left arm, ex
claimed: “I am hit again!” lie sat
down behind the battle ranks and
tore off the sleeve of bis shirt. The
wound was very slight—not much
more than skin deep. He tied bis
handkerchief •• ’• -•» i. **i'
»,;< rifle •.nil took his portion along
side of me. 1 said: “You are light
ing in bad luck to day. \ou had
better get away from here.” He
turned his head to answer me. His
head jerked, he staggered, then fell,
then regained his feet. A tiny foun
tain blood and teeth and bone and
bits of tongue burst of his mouth. He
had been shot through the jaws ; the
lower one was broken and hung
down. 1‘looked directly into his
open mouth, which was ragged and
( bloody and tonguclcss. He cast his
1 ritie furiously on the ground, and
staggered off.
The next day, just before Long
street's soldiers made their first
charge on the Second Corps, 1 heard
the pcculia cry a stricken man utters
as the bullet tears through his flesh.
I turned my head, as I loaded my
rifle, to see who was hit. I saw a
bearded Irishman pull up his shirt.
He had been wounded on the left
! side just below the floating ribs. His
j face was gray with fear. The wound
looked as though it were mortal.
He looked at it lor an instant, and
then poked it gently with his index
linger. He flushed redly and smiled
with satisfaction. He tucked his
shirt into his trousers and was fight
ing in the ranks again before I had
capped my rifle. The ball had cut
a groove in his skin only. The play
of the Irishman's face was so ex
pressive, his emotions changed so
quickly, that I could not keep from
Near Spottsylvauia I saw, as my
battery was moving into action, a
a group of wounded men lying in
the shade cast by some large oak
trees. All of these men’s faces were
gray. They silently looked at 11s as
we marched past them. One wouned
man, a blonde giant of about forty
I years, was smoking a brier wood
pipe. ‘ He had a firm grip on the
pipe stem. I asked him what he
was doing. “Haviug my last smoke,
young fellow,” he replied. His
, dauntless blue eyes met mine, and
lie bravely tried to smile. I saw
that he was dying fast.
Wounded soldiers almost al ways
tore their clothing away from their
wounds, so as to see them and judge
! of their character. Many of them
would smile, and their faces would
brighten as they realized that they
weie not hard hit, and that they
1 could go home for a few months.
Others would give a quick glance at
t their wounds, and then shrink back
1 as from a blow, and turn pale, as
they realized the truth that they
wore mortally wounded. The eu
listed men were exceedingly accu
rate judges of the probable result
which would ensue from any wound
they saw. They had seen hundreds
of soldiers wounded, and they had
noticed that certain wounds always
resulted fatally. They knew when
they were fatally wounded, and after
the shock of discovery had passed,
the}* general^* braced themselves
and died in a manly manner. It was
seldom that an Ameripau or Irish
. volunteer flunked in the presence of
A Midshipman’s Account of the Battle
With the “Cheesebor:.’’
Washington Cor. Cleveland leader.
[ “It is not generally known, said
Lieut. Littlepage, formerly of the
Confederate navy, to me in speaking
of the famous fight between the
Monitor and the Merriiffae, “that
extensive preparations were made in
the repair to the Merrimac after the
fight so as to have the next contest
between the two iron clads one
Vf short duration. I was a mid
shipman on the Merrimac "when she
fought the Monitor, and I, can say
that we were taken wholly by sur
prise when the strange vessel put in
an appearance in llnniptou roads.
We had sunk the Cumberland,
.caused the Congress to burn, and
the Minnesota and one or two others
to run aground, and on that morning
when we went out, we thought to
finish the Minnesota, which had
been unable to get itselt ofl the bar,
our first intimation of the presence
of the Monitor was when we saw her
run out from behind the Minnesota
to attack us before we could begin
the onset upon the Minnesota. We
thought at first it was a raft on
which one of the Minnesota’s boil- |
ers was being taken to the shore for
repairs, and when suddenly a shot
was fired from her turret wc imag
ined an accidental explosion of some
kind had taken place on the raft.
“In the engagement mat louuwuu
we were unable to do anything with
her though our guns were served
continuously’ and broadside after
broadside was discharged. We tried
to ram her, but found that our prow
had been too badly damaged by run
ning into the Cumberland on the
day before to inllict any harm upon
the Monitor. She pounded us con
siderably, but not a shot penetrated
our armor,though it was loosened and
repairs made imperative at the earli
est moment. Our vessel was leak
ing badly, but by active efforts we
were enabled to keep her from tak
ing too much wativ. A ' .e we had
twenty one of on.; crew winded, we
thought that we had’escaped losses
in that respect in a lVnuirnrinie de
gree. Had a shot from the Monitor
I entered one of our port holes it
would have probably killed fifty
men, for there was a crew of ilSU
i men aboard, so that there would l»e
no lack of help when an emergency
should arise, and we were quite
closely packed together.
“About :> o’clock in the afternoon
the Monitor withdrew from the light
and went over the bar into shallow
water, where we, drawing much more
water than she, could not follow.
We understood that she had run out
of ammunition. As we were leaking
badly and there was no prospect
that we would be able to reach the
Minnesota in the shallow water
where she lay, our captain gave tlie
order to return to Norfolk, where we
immediately went into dry dock tor
repairs. It was fully a month before
we were ready to go out again, and
meanwhile all sorts of reports were
circulated among the Federals about
us. It was claimd that we were
afraid to show ourselves to ngnt, an
of which we ouly laughed at, feeling
that we would soon be able to give
a good account of ourselves. I
think that if the two vessels had
again met vre should have made
J short work of the Monitor. Every
bit of our armor had been replaced
by plates two inches thick, and we
I had also a large number of shot for
the 7-inch guns in the form of bolts
about 2.V feet in length, pointed with
steei, with which we intended to
make certainly an impression upon
the Monitor. Beside all these things
we had organized a boarding party,
which was divided into several sec
“It was the plan lor the proposed
engagement that the Merrimac
should at once run alongside of the.
Monitor. We could easily do this,
for our engines were more powerful
than hers and we could make greater
speed. Then one section of the
boarding party would immediately
put down gang planks by which the
men would speedily get on board the
Monitor, one section of them taking
sledges and iron wedges to drive oc
tween the turret of the ship and her
deck, so as to prevent it from revolv
ing and pointing her guns at us;
another party was to run around the
turret with a hawser made fast to
our bow and which was to lie coiled
! upon deck ready for the emergency.
! and Jffter the circuit had Wen made,
, uf the turret the plan was to fasten
the other end of the hawser to the
Merrimac and thus bind the two
vessels together. While this was
going on another party was to rush
to the turret and everywhere else
that an opportunity was offered and
pour oil down into the hold of the
Monitor and then set fire to it. An
other force was to be ready with
large tarpaulins to extinguish the
flames should the crew of the Moni
, tor surrender and it be desired to
1 save the vessel.
1 “But we were disappointed in all
this, for when at last we were ready
I and steamed out of Norfolk we
found that the Monitor was with a
number of other Federal vessels
under the shelter of the land fortifi
cations. We felt ourselves a match
for an}’ or all of the vessels, but in
no condition to stand the combined
force of the fieet and the fortifica
tions, so we withdrew. Then when
Norfolk surrendered and there seem
ed no longer a chance for the Mer
rimac to be of service she was blown
up and destroyed. Those are a few
of the facts connected with that fight
that have never been published.”
A Witty Speech at a Dinner in New York
on Thursday.
Mark Twain at the NVw York Station
ers’ Banquet.
You have all seen a little book
called “English as She is Spoke.1
Now, in my capacity of publisher I
recently received a manuscript from
a teacher which embodied a number
of answers given by her pupils to
questions propounded. These an
swers show that the children had
nothing but the sound to go by; the
sense was perfectly empty. Here
are some of their answers to words
they were asked to define: Aurifer
ous—pertaining to an orifice [laugh
ter] ; ammonia—the food of the gods
[renewed laughter]; equestrian—
one who asks questions [ roars of
laughter]; parasite—a kind of um
brella [shouts of laughter]; ipecac
—a man who likes a good a dinner
[ renewed laughter]. And here is
this definition of an ancient word
honored by a great party: Republi
can—a sinner mentioned in the Bi
ble. [Shouts of laughter and ap
plause |. And here is au innocent
deliverance of a zoological kind:
“There are a good many donkeys in
the theological gardens.” [Great
laughter]. Here is also a definition
which really isn’t very bad in its
way: Demagogue—a vessel con
taining beer and other liquids. Pro- t
longed laughter.
New Orleans Picayune.
An artesian well is being bored at
Galveston, Texas. The city stands
on n nw ntrmllTplt, Trlitch fonct**
olT Galveston bay from the Gulf of
Mexico, and is surrounded by water,
being at different places from two
miles to forty miles from the main
land. It is, therefore a peculiar
place for an artesian well. So far a
depth of six hundred and fifty-eight
feet has been reached. The follow
ing are the material and stratifica
tion passed through: Quicksand,
32 feet; blue clay, 17; coarse sand, j
20; white clay, 107; sea mud, 57; j
olive clay, 110; sea mud, 130; blue
20; sea mild, 11; blue clay, 147—
total, 058 feet. At a depth of 500
feet several palmetto logs were
passed through. At present a nine
inch tube is being sunk. Galveston
is truly a city built upon sand, but
although several times assaulted by I
the fury of storms it still stands. It
would be interesting to have the
boring prosecuted to bedrock, so as
to determine the depth to the solid
floor of the Mexican gulf at its west
ern extremity. Of course a large
portion of Texas is built up of the
washings of the highlands into the
sea, whose rock bottom for a long
distance from the shore is more or
less covered with the debris of the
Washington Critic.
“No, sir," thundered the old gen- (
tleman. "I have made up my mind
that my daughter shall never marry j
a man who plays poker.” “She;
might <1<* a great deal worse, sir.” (
••Impossible! Poker has proved the
ruination of thousands of men. and
its victims never recover from the
infatuation. She could never do
worse.” “Excuse me, sir, but I am
sure sh( could. She might marry
some fellow that thinks he plays
poker.” The old tnau thougt it over.
An Illinois Snake Farm.—Near
Galton. Illinois, is a snake farm,
managed by Captain Dan Stover
and his wife. 'I'llesc good people
breed and raise rattlesnakes and
other reptiles for sale in the Eastern
markets. A firm in Philadelphia
takes all the rattlesnakes to make
into an oil which they advertise
cures rheumatism. Last month
Captain Stover contracted with this
firm for 250 rattlesnakes at $2.25
each, none to measure lees th%n four
feet in length or to be less than six
years of age. The older the snake
the better and stronger, it is claim
ed. is the oil. The farm is provided
with mounds where the snakes bur
row, and upon which they come out
to bask in the sunlight. There are
thirty seven )f these mounds on
Stover's farm. The farm is a tract
virgin prairie and has never seen a
plow, and in summer its native grass
is very high, rendering it an excel
lent place tor the reptiles to hide in.
Italian astronomers place the age
of the world at SO,000,0*00 years, and
. are agreed that it has been peopled
for about 50,000.000.
Red Bond, Washington Territory.
When the census of this town was
taken last month it was found that
there was a population of 378, inclu
ding 21)3 males, GO married women, t
one widow engaged, two maids en j
gaged, and the rest children. More :
than 200 of the men are bachelors
ranging in age from 25 to 50. Red
Bend is some distance from a rail
road, and it has been a very difficult
matter to get young women to locate
here. Most of the girls who come
into this region stop at Yakima, or
go thence to the larger towns south
of here.
When the school house was built
the directors advertised iu various
Territorial papers for a teacher, and
the first one who presented herself
was employed. She had not been at
the desk a fortnight before she was
married to a storekeeper named El
versou, who was about the best look
ing young mau in the town. She re
signed her place, but consented to
serve until her successor had arrived.
One of the young women with whom
the committee has been in corres
pondence was found disengaged, and
in the course of a month she trans
ferred herself to Red Bend and took
charge of the school. She was a tol
erably homely woman somewhat ad
vanced in years, but she, too, was
led to the altar iu less than a month,
and gave up the school as her pred
ecessor had done.
unce again ncr piace was mum,
and things went on smoothly for a
while. About that time McGinn,
the tavern keeper, imported a ser
vant girl from Portland, and put her
to work in his kitchen at a salary of
$9 a week. Mrs. McGinn was not
very lusty, and her husband found
that the only way iu which keeping
hotel was possible was for him to
have efficient female help. He had
had serious trouble in getting any
body to come, but the wages that he
o tie red finally induced the girl spo
ken of to accept the job. She had
no more than learned the ways of
the kitchen before two or three young
men began to hang around the back
door of the tavern. McGinn was
equal to the emergency. He watch
ed matters for a day or two, and, be
coming convinced that the school
house’ episodes were to have a repc*
tition in his own kitchen, he got a
gun, and just as a young man ap- ;
peared at the back door the next
evening after supper ho jumped out
on him.
“What do you want here?” he
“Nothing,” said the fellow color
ing up a little; “nothing much, I
was just calling on the girl in there.
She’s an old friend of my family,
and I look in once in a while to see i
how she’s getting on.”
“Well, I’m a friend of your family, |
too,” said McGinn, “to the extent
that I don’t want to kill you. but if
you don't keep away from here I'll
murder you. Now, you git.”
The youth slunk away. The next
day the girl was missing from the
kithen, and late in the afternoon it
was discovered that she had married
the young man. The same day the
school mistress announced her res- |
ignation, and as McGinn was on the
warpath with his gun, the leading 1
citizens made up their minds that
a crisis had arrived which would re
quire a good deal of statesmanship *
to bridge over.
That evening,when the school com
mittee met to consider things, M r. j
Elder, the chairman said he had an
idea which he thought might be wor- !
thy the attention of his associates. He
proposed that in the future all school ;
teachers should be made to sign a
bond not to marry before the end of
the term. The idea was accepted,
but fearing that the conditions might
make it impossible for them to get I
women into the town, they said noth
ing about them to the one with whom
they opened negotiations. She came
on and after deciding to take the
place was injormed of the contract
which she would have to sign. To
this she indignantly declined t<> ac
cede. The school committee was in
exorable, aud so was she. She said
she would leave for home in the morn
ing. The committeemen looked at
one another to see if anybody was
weakening, but no one appeared to
be willing to give in; so it was de
cided that she would have to go.
This particular girl was young and
very vivacious, and when she started
off with school director Itcebe for
Yakima the whole town wished she
would stay. An hour later Beebe
drove into town with the girl still in
his wagon, and to the people who
gathered around the vehicle, with
questions he said:
••The fact is w<fve decided to get
married. She didn’t want to go back,
and I didn’t want to have her go.”
Every bod}' felt that Beebe had play
ed roots on everybody else, bnt there :
was nothing to say.
Ac the next meeting of the com- i
mittee which Beebe did not attend,
Mr. Elder again had an idea which
he wanted to submit. He said that
in view of what had happened, it oc- ^
curred to him that Red Bend, had
greatness within its grasp. “Now.”
he continued, “let us overstock this
market with schoolma'ams and ser
vant girls. Advertise for them every
where. offer big wages’ and hire all
that comes. We'll get enough after
a while to go arouud. and when we
do it we may have a few on hand.”
The suggestion was discussed at
considerable length, and finally
adopted. The school board decided
to hire ten teachers, and twenty of
the married men in town agreed to
take twenty-five servant girls. The
advertisements brought many an
swers, and in the course of time the
town began to fill up with young
women of every description. As
they arrived they were assigned to
different families, and before a week
had passed there were more mar
riages on foot than the preacher
could keep trace of. The experi
ment had been found to work splen
didly, and as the only schoolma'am
in town now is said to be on the
point of marrying, it is thought the
same device will ho resorted to again.
Six girls have married out of Me
Ginn’s kitchen, and during the last
twelve months there have been four
teen teachers at the little school.
The present incumbent is a grena
dier from Michigan and the com
mittec think she will last sometime.
.+ .
Dciuorest's Monthly for June.
llich satin and faille Fraucaisc of
a delicate ivory tint are j,he prefer
red materials for fashionable bridal
dresses, made with extreme sim
plicity, the train long and usually
untrimmed, the corsage high, with
the neck cut square or in V shape,
and elbow sleeves. Handsome lace
point or Duchcsse, and pearl-bended
tulle are used for ornamenting the
front and sides of the skirt, to which
the garniture is principally confined.
The foot of the skirt in front is fin
ished with a full ruching, sometimes
of tulle, through which loops of satin
or moire ribbon are interspered, or
of lace or the dress material, and
sometimes the French fashion is fol
lowed of using a garland of orange
blossoms set in lace.
A notable bridal dress is of rich
ivory satin, made in the style of the
nixteenth century, with a long, pc
fectly plain court train, the front
ornamented with three flounces of
point lace, each headed by embroid
cry of pearls and silver, and the foot
finished with a garland of orange
blossoms. The pointed bodice i*
embroidered with pearls and silver
and finished with a high Medcci
collar, similarly’ embroidered. An
other is of ivory-white faille Fran
caise, with square, perfectly plain
court train, the front draped with
Duchcsse lace, over a foot-rife hi tig
of tulle and satin limps, and flic cor
sage cut square in the neck and
trimmed with ruchings of tulle and
ribbon and sprays of orage blos
A bridal dress of white gros grain
has a beaded tulle front, outlined by
nodding plumes of white lilacs, and
rovers embroidered with pearl beads
finish the square neck and ornament
the elbow sleeves. Another toilet is
of satin and faille Franeaise in < 0111
bination, the latter material used
for the petticoat, the front of which
is embroidered with silver, crystal,
and pearl beads, one side ornament
ed with a cascade of satin, from
which depends sprays of lilies of
the valley, and the other side almost
covered with a Greek drapery su*
tained bv a .Marguerite pocket cm
broidered to match the tablier. The
train is of satin, slightly pointed in
shape, and falls over the petticoat.
The corsage has the pointed front
covered with embroidery lik*- that
on the tablier, and is completed l»v
a unique monture <>l lilies of the val
ley and quillings of satin.
The public debt of Great Britain
in 1885 was $3,701,053,270. Me
have not at band the figures for
1880. In the* “Dictilionary of Kng
lisb History” we are told that “in
1883 a great scheme in connection
with the national debt was formed
by 31 r. Childers, by which, through
the creation of new annuities, termi
nable in twenty years. j£70,000.000
of debt could be immediately extin
guislied, and £173.000.000 in twen
ty years. The national debt in thi*
year amounted to £750,370.510. In
1884 Mr. Childers carried an net by
which a portion of the debt was to
be converted from 3 j>er cent, to 2\
per cent. stock.
-. ..
London is the largest city in the
world in point of population. In
1881 it contained 3,814,571 inbnhi
tants. Tokio. formerly ealle 1 ^ edo.
had, in 1879. but 841,510 inhale
tants, and is now said to have 957.
121. The population of Vedo wn
formerly much greater than it now
is, because of the Shogun compelling
every clan prince to ive in Vedo for
a great portion of the year with a
large body of retainers. This cus
tom lias been extinct since the revo
lution of 1868. The area covered
by the capital is about twenty ci jit
square miles.
Lace bonnets, which were so styl
ish last season, are again seen
among the stylish models.

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