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Vol. III., No. XVII. CHARLESTOWN, JEFFERSON COUNTY.
No One Need Remain A Dyspeptic. * 1 have Keen suffering for over two years with Dyapcpsi». For the iaftl year 1 could not take a drink of cold water nor eat any meat without vomiting it up. My life was a misery. I had had recommended Simmons Liver Regulator, of which 1 am now takiug flic second bottle, ami the fact Is that words can i..•: express ihei-tief I tee!. My appetite is v * v :». d I <!: •».*st every* li ng t leJilv. 1 -* • *p * II ij.cv. i I used t♦» he v.T\ resiles*. 1 -.miles!. II 'Up l.i't: g-*o !. sir.mg Us*! and Simmons Liver Regulator !.••*■»* dour* it :*!!. I write th:* in hop*-* of heueflting some one who has suffered as i did. and would take oath to these state merits, if desired. K. S. Uai.loi\ Syracuse. Xtb. Genuine has Z in red on front ol wrapper. Best guarantee lor the buyer. IJTONI.Y tJKNriNE . J Has oar Z Stamp in red on front of . W iap|H>r. J. II. ZHILIN A CO., Philadelphia. Pa. sol.K PROPRIETORS. CRICK $1.1*0. apr.25»,eow-2m. eyRFS -0 ^Aa\<*xW, UU<t*s. CtvxxV *\\ Six stages (tt\V5*& V°m \wV>~£howii x. .incur of the Tongue. M. w!k-t s.-.rie three or lour jean ago. wa» i-«u U d with an ulcer on the aide of her tongue near Bjc itrvat. T .e pain waa incessant, causing lo*« tfand producing rieat nervous prostration. Accoriii iinying this trouble was rheumatism. It ha t oassed from the ubotiMer* and centered in the wristof om hand, she almost losing the useof It. Betwe n the Buffering ot the two, lile had grown bur :xmsome t.r the nac of a half doaen amall sjied bottles of Swift** Specific, she was *nJire^ relieved aud restored to malth. This was three ♦ ear* ago und there haa been no return of the Uus * H L. MtPDLgBUOOKS s.wirta, Ga., June S, 1884. 1 realise on Bloc! and Skin 1 naeaaes mailed free. IMSWTSrscinc Co , Drawer 8, Atlanta,Ga. •fit W. 23d St . N. Y. j u n.3,1 ill Merchant Tailoring. r Berryville, Virginia, carries a full lint' of Fine Woolens. 1 Coatings, Fancy Cassimeres, Silk Mixed mid Fancv Worsteds,! * i ANI) A KI LL LINE OK fj" All work guaranteed to l>e as rep resented. anil first-class in tit and stvle. J.IT Having cinplovcil a cutter, who is a graduate <>f the John Mitchcl rut ting School of New X'ork, feel confident in ottering our service* to the citizens of Jetterson that we can give entire satis faction and will use every means to give ' our work a high reputation. Satisfaction tinaranfeed. apr.V**> Iv. A CARD. T<> all who are suffering from iho errors and Indiscretions of youth, nervous weakness. early d<--;iy. loss of manhood. 4c., I will send a reelpo that will cure you.FUF.E OF CHARGE. This great remedy was dlseoverctl by a missionary In South America. Send a so if-ad dressed envelope to the Bev. Joseph T. Is* AN. station />. Xew Fork City. WANTED. To I> »v Wit i lauds in West Virginia. Give foil ills -rip!ion a ml price. Address, l.(M K BOX 7»i, i Pittsburg, l*a. second-hand TWO-HKSK WAGON, for sale cheap, bv T. I4. LIPPITT. ; THE soft or a lord! A VpUNG ENGLISHMAN IS TAKEN SOMEWHAT BY surprise. A Society Miss Takes the Conceit Oat of • Young ltrlton of Noble Blood—See ing the United State* on the “Two Day" I*lan. The mention of Florida recalls tho experi ence of some young Englishmen who came to Washington for two days on their way to that land of oranges and alligators and who stayed here two mouths. They got into offi cial society and found it so attractive that they could not get away. One young Briton, apparently not many years above 21, and tho son of a "real lord," but traveling as modest Mr.-, went out to make calls last week. The daughter of a well known hostess had several young women assisting her, and with these he proved a voluble and unflagging talker. Finally, to give him variety and re lieve one of tho assistants, the hostess said to n caller: “Do let me introduce that young man over there. I want to get Miss A. away from him, and he shows no signs of giving up.” Tho introduction was made, bows wore exchanged ami the son of a "real lord” was left with the other woman. “And what are you doing in Washington, if I may ask tho question.*" were the first words of tho young man, as he gave one sweeping inclusive glance, from her tall bonnet down to the hem of her gown. “Oh, I am doing what most other women are doing—making calls," she replied, with a flash of quickness, and showing no sur prise at the unexpected and abrupt question. K* WAS SET BACK. The surprise was on the other side, ouu lor au instant he was set bac k by her readiness. “Ah—oh—don’t you know—that's really very good," he sai l, laughing, and recovering himself. “And what are you doing in Washington, if I may ask the question?” she added the next moment, and giving him a second start “Ah—oh—really, you Americans are very quick, don’t you know,” he answered, a trifle subdued, and in rather more a tone of respectful deference. “ I will tell you. Wo have just come across to look about a little. Spent two days in New York, you know. Ran on here for two days, and well—really, there is a good deal in your towns, you know. Quite a lot to see.” “Two days in New York and two in Wash ington! Is it possible, Mr.-, there are two whole days of sightseeing in either city for an Englishman! Ob, I understand. You have just run over to get thoroughly acquainted with us, and will then run home to England and write a book about America. Of course this accounts for your long stay in New York and two whole days at our capital! But I’m so glad you find a lot to see,” “Ah—oh—really now. You can't mean to be 90 hard on a fellow. I should nevah, you know, give my impressions without really knowing America. I was just going to say that really, after two days here, your capital is so very charming we couldn't get away. Really wa couldn’t. And we went down to the booking office and the fellows fixed it all right with the tickets. Now, instead of two days, we’ve really been in Washington seven weeks. It’s a fact. I wouldn't believo it my self if I didn't know it, you see. Seven weeks! But we really, you know, must get off to Florida next week. Sorry; Washing ton is very delightful; people charming, you know.” UVST uo WEST. “And, of course, you go to Chicago. No book on America is complete without Chi cago, the big city of the west. Oh, you must go west,” she said. He was rising rapidly in her estimation, and she was a little sorry she had been sarcastic. The next minute down he went again, as he said: “Ah—oh—yes. I have heard of Chicago, you know. Quite a town, of course. But 1 really, Miss-, I can’t fancy how you dis covered I thought of writing a book. Now, really, you know. Do I look like it? How did you happen on t hat ?’’ “Oh, you all do it. You come over on the two day plan of seeing the country. And you’ve all heard of Chicago. So you go home and write about us, wheu you really don’t know anything about America or Americans, after all,” she said, squarely and frankly. , She had come up in his estimation as fast as he had gone down in hers. He was taken by her offhand manner of talking and quick understanding. He was about to coucludo his call, and as ho turned to go he said seri ously and wholly without his former con ceited air: “I will tell you what we do know, and wo are not slow in learning it, you know, ! either” “I’m so glad you really know something j about us, if it’s ever so little,” she put in, ■ laughiug. “We learn, as soon as we meet American Women, that they are the best talkers in the vorld. Now, Miss-, I promise you. if I write my impression, I will go to Chicago and ’ to all the rest of your western cities. Good by. We're off to Florida to-morrow.”— Washington Cor. New York Tribune. The Alaskan's Kiclies. Alaskan Indians do not reckon wealth by the amount of money or gold a person pos sesses, but rate a man as worth so many blankets. A government blanket sells in the j stores everywhere throughout the country at j the nominal price of $1. It is never more, never less. If an Indian gets hold of $20 and i desires to save it, he bus's live blankets and adds them to the store he already possesses. An Indian who owns 2,000 blankets is im- ' mensely wealthy, and is looked upon as a ( nabob by the poor members of his tribe. This : is the currency of the realm among the In dians, and is recognized by the whites as well ' in trading with them.—Lieut. H. T. Mona- > ban in Brooklyn Eagle. Purpose of the Ballet. Twelve-year-old Miss—The opera was very long, wasn’t it, momma.' Mamma—Yes, daughter, and very stylish. | Miss—The ballot girls don’t sing, do they, mammal Mamma—No daughter. Miss—Why do they have the ballet then, j mamma? Paixi—'To make the opera os broad os it is long, daughter. Dou’t ask any more ques tions.—Washington Critic. Second Baud Gravestones, Buffalo has a citizen w ho deals in second hand gravestones. He buys old ones, erases the letters and engraves new inscriptions to ; snier. ‘'Lots of people seem to want to sell,” ! ho is reported as saying, “aud plenty of others are willing to buy when they can get a good article so cheap.” Distance Lends Enchantment. Mobile has a brass band with a conscience. j It goes out in the suburbs on a Sunday and hides itself in the woods to practice. At a iistance of two or three miles the music is limply enchanting.—Mobile Register. > The newest craze in New York city is for white furniture. HOW CODFISH ARE CAUGHT._ Where tho Finest Fish Are Found—Fore runners of the Coming Catch. • •The deep sea commercial fish come out of the cold water seas, said an au thority on the subject the other day to a correspondent, “It is not true that the cod and herring migrate to the arctic seas, as was once believed. These fish are local in their habits and confined to a limited area, governed in their move ments bv a supply of food, tho instinct to spawn and the temperature of the water. They go out from the cold waters to the warmer to spawn, and come back again in a direct line. Like all animals which have homes, they come to the place of their birth for ' reproductive purposes. Generations of fish from immemorial time have come back to their native banks and sports. The cod drops its spawn free into the sea at a considerable distanco from the bottom. The spawn does not sink, but swims near the surface in transparent eggs, and in about sixteen days they hatch. Tho male fish in spawning swims deeper than the female, and the milt rises, as soon as it is j>ourod out, to the surface. The young cod in its first year grows to be a foot long. It cannot reproduce till it is 4 years old. “The Rev. Mr. Harvey, of Newfound land, in liis history of tliat island pub lished only four years ago, says that the finest codfish does not swim near sand borne by the gulf stream or the St. Law ence, but upon rocky bottom, which sometime's is only fifty feet below the surface, but generally nearer 400. There is an outer bank called the false bank, where the water is 700 or 800 feet deep. The fishing grounds have an extent of 200 miles long by 00 miles wide, and this particularly line ground is called the cod meadow, and it has never decreased in ( productiveness. Thirty codfish make a hundred weight when dried.” "How do they know when tho cod are running on the banks?” “A little fish called the caplin, about seven inches long, precedes them, swim ming on the surface in enormous swarms. The coil follow them in to devour them. The fishermen take the caplin for bait. These little caplin fish, when they come toward shore, are so thick that a man can stand on the banks with a casting net and fill a cart with them in mi hour. The caplin are used by the farmers for manure, anil are put up like sardines. Next come the squids or cuttlefish, which remain six or seven weeks, and are also used for bait. Then the herring come in the fall. These bait fishes run from the 1st of June till near winter, and without them hardly anything could be done in capturing the cod.” “Why is the codfish particularly valu able?” “Because you can eat nearly every part of it, or use it somehow. The head is good; they make guano of tho offal and bones as good as Peruvian guano; from tho bladder isinglass is made; they send the roe to France as bait for sardines; the tongue and sounds are sold in Boston and Now York for delicacies.” “How ilo they take the coil ashore and dissect him?” “The Newfoundland or Cape Breton fisherman comes right in from sea and lands at a platform projecting over the water. With a kind of pitchfork he flings the fish on this; a man up there with a sliarp knife severs the gills from the belly, slits the abdomen to the vent, and makes a cut on each side of the head near the base of the skull. Another man takes out tho liver for cod liver oil, pulls off the head, removes the bowels, which are thrown into a scow for manure. The tongues anil bladders are taken out mid pickled. Then a third man, called a sput ter, puts the body of tho fish on its back, holds it open with the left hand, and cuts along one side of the backbone to the tail. Tho liackbone is then taken out and tho fish salted on the floor mid spread out on flakes to be dried. When they aro packed they are divided into the merchantable, tho West India, and the broken fish. Tho West India cod is eaten by negroes.”—Cor. Cincinnati Enquirer. A Primitive Turkish Ruth. “The first time I tried a Mexican sweat bath,” said Col. Joe Shelly, the famous | scout, “I thought I would die, but I shut my teeth together ami said: ‘I can stand it as long as you can, old fellows. ’ It was at the close of a long march on a hot day. The Indians fixed a tepee until it was air tight, heated a rock and then rolled it into the tepee. One by one we crawled into it. after having stripped off our clothing, Somo of the Indians didn't have much on. and then we packed to gether as close as sardines in a box. I thought I would melt. Every few min utes the lord high executioner or master of ceremonies would talk Indian and throw a little water out of a can on the rock. This would fill the room with steam. It seemed an age before they let me go, but I guess it wasn't more than half an hour. Then we all made a rush to the river uear by, and a dash of r few minutes made us as fresh as a daisy. No matter how- tired we were, the sweat bath made us feel like kings. ’ ’—Toledo Blade. A Mattress Maker's Views. “Nobody respects anything now, and I saw a rich woman the other day let her boy G years old empty a box of candy on ! a palo blue satin couch and thou sit down on it and rub liis shoes up and down on the edge. I say when there’s no respect ' left for anything it’s no wonder decent work conies to an end. I make a mat tress and there isn’t an inch of it that isn’t sewed to last and that isn't an honest piece of work, but you can go into any house fumisliing department and buy one that looks just as well bra third less money. Everything’s so cheap that people don’t care whether anything lasts or not, and so there’s no decent work done, and people pretend to have learned trades when really they just botch things together.”—Helen Campbell in New York Sim. Musical Tones Among Anitnuls. According to a book recently published by an English organist, a cow lows in a perfect fifth and octave or tenth; a dog bark^in a fifth or fourth; a donkey brays in a jK'rfect octave; a horse neighs in a descent on the chromatic scale. Each person has his fundamental key in which he generally speaks, but which he often transposes in sympathy to other voices, or when he is excited.—Chicago Times. Rice straw shoes are worn by the labor ing people in the south of China. FRANCE'S NEW RIFLE. " NEW ARMS AND PROJECTILES BASED ON ADVANCED SCIENCE. The Fate of Great Battles Generally De cided by the Efficiency of the In fantry—The Franco-German War—The “Chalons Kifle.” The French nrniy has been devoting its energy to devising new arms and pro jectiles based upon the most advanced science. The melinite shell has been adopted for their artillery, and it is claimed that the explosive force of meli nite is 100 times greater titan gunpowder and tenfold as great as dynamite; that neither masonry nor ironclad forts can resist its force. The now progressive powder, invented by Col Brugere, is vastly more powerful than ordinary gun powder; its peculiarity is that it burns without smoke, uml almost without noise, and developing it* energy gradually while the projectile is moving through the bar rel of the gun, the recoil is reduced to a minimum, aud it may be letter described as a “push” rather than a shock. The fate of all great battles lias almost invariably depended upon the efficiency of the infantry. The Macedonian phalanx of Alexander, the tenth legion of Ctcsar, the English infantry of the Black Prince, the Spanish infantry of Charles V, tho grenadier guards of Frederick the Great, the imperial guard of Napoleon, the Brit ish infantry of Clive and Wellington, tho “Stonewall brigade” of Jackson, the Prus sian infantry of Germany—these have suc cessively been the great factors cf victory. Therefore, the development of infantry tactics and arms has always been the ob ject of great generals. Tig* substitution of the iron for the wooden ramrod by Frederick the Great made the Prussian in fantry able to lire more rapidly than their opponents, aud win the victories which in troduced Prussia as a military power. Napoleon, cliangiug the principal cf infan try tactics from the volley we <•); i.irmish lire, revolutionized warfare, mid laid down the principle that the lire and not the mass of infantry was its best work. Wellington, carrying out this idea, trusted to the “thin red line”—in fantry in line of battle and noi in column; yet in those days the infantry arm was tho smooth bore intlsket of very short range. Though the rifle was furnished to tho flank companies of regiments and to spe cial corps fifty years ago it was not until our own civil war that whole armies were armed with rifled muskets, the use of which made the fate of heavy columns of attack against steady troops a foregone conclusion; witness our attack on Marye’s heights at Fredericksburg and Pickett’s charge at Gettysburg. The development of infantry fire lias in fact relegated the bayonet to the limbo of medieval pike and Roman swords, and has converted cavalry into the eyes and ears of tho army rather than its mailed arm in the decisive moment of battle. A cavalry charge is “r,ngnitk-ent, but it is not war,” as the French Gen. Bos quet said of the charge of Balaklava. The cavalry saber lias been driven from the battlefield by the revolver and rifle; in the Franco-German war, with 80,000 German cavalry and nearly as many French cavalry, the hospital returns show that there were only 212 wounds by sabers and butts of muskets, all told. At Sedan a squadron of the hussars of tho French imperial guard charged the German skirmish line at 400 yards distant; none of their bodies were found nearer than 100 yards; three-fourths of tho squadron fell in galloping 800 yards. Sucli was the terrible work of the breach loading needle gun. Ouce only was the column of attack used in the Franco-German war. In one of the battles before Metz, Gen. Stein metz formed the famous Brandenburg brigade in column to pierce the French lines. In spite of the bravery and dis cipline of that picked corps, they were ignominiously routed, and Gen. Steinmetz reprimanded for thus throwing uway tho lives of splendid troops. If sucli were the conditions of battle in 1870, what must they be to-day, when the rapidity of infantry fire has been increased manifold by the use of magazine breach loaders ami the effective range of mili tary rifles doubled by the use of “progres sive” powder and improved projectiles? The French army is now armed with a magazine rifle which i>ossesscs almost all the above qualifications—the “Chalons rifle,” invented by Col. Lebcl, superin tendent of the infantry seb ">ol at Chalons. The range of the Chalons rifle is unprece dented. At 2,000 yards its effects arc frightful; the ball leaves the rifle with a velocity of 1,800 feet a second, and re volves 5,000 times n second; its point blank range is J300 yards. The caliber lias been reduced to 82-100ths of an inch, and the lead projectile covered with a thin coating of steel and brass, so that it may take the riile grooves without leading them in the quickness of revolution of tho projectile in tho barrel. The importance of infantry armed with guns having a point blank range of 500 yards can hardly be overestimated; the use of a smokeless powder removes one of the greatest difficulties to quick tiring rifles; the use of magazine guns, like the Chalons rifle, makes it practically impos sible for an enemy to cross the death swept zone of 500 yards in front of them. —Boston Herald. A niut I* Correspondents. “Correspondents Bonding newspapers should be careful to mark the paragraphs they wish the editor to see,” says an English contemporary journal, and we re produce it on this side of the ocean with an emphasis proportioned to the distance. If our correspondents could know’ how mneh valuable time was uselessly spent in looking over papers in the often futile endeavor to find out why they were sent they would save us much trouble. Make a dash with a blue, red, or even black lead pencil, or with ink if it be preferred, at the upper left hand corner of the article to which they would call our attention, and the eye will catch it at once, and the object of sending the paper be accom plished. Electricity In Wearing. A manufacturer of Roubaix, M. Henry Bulsinl, has just discovered a very curi ous application of electricity to looms. He adopts an indicator which strikes when a thread in the warp breaks, and thus saves the warper from taking out any of his work to find the flaw, and he need not pay such close attention to the quickly moving threads, which is so in jurious to the sight. The invention can be applied to power looms. Retired List of tbe Nary. The retired list of the navy is swelling. There are fifty rear admirals, fifteen com modores, fourteen captains, twelve com manders. twenty lieutenant commanders, forty-one lieutenants, forty-six surgeons, twenty paymasters and 6eventy-two engi neers—Brooklyn Eagle. RICHMOND’S FAMOUS FIRE. How a Great Piece of New* Wa* Treated in the Old Day*. The editor of The Richmond Standard was present, and wrote the following ac count for his paper tho next day: “Last night the play house in this city was crowded with an unusual audience. There could not have been less than COO persons In the house. Just before the conclusion of the play the scenery caught fire. The editor of this paper was in the house when the ever to be remembered de plorable accident occurred. He is in formed that the scenery took fire in the back part of the house by the raising of a chandelier; that the boy who was ordered by some of the players to raise it stated that if he did so the scenery would take fire, when he was commanded in a per emptory manner to hoist it. The boy obeyed and the fire instantly communi cated to the scenery. He gave the alarm in the rear of the stage and requested some of the attendants to cut the cords by which the combustible materials were sus pended. The person whose duty it was to perform this became panic stricken and sought his own safety. “The flames spread almost with the rapidity of lightning, and the fire falling from the ceiling upon tho performers was tho first notice the audience had of their danger. Even then many supposed it a part of the play, and were a little time re strained from flight by a cry from the stage that there was no clanger. The per formers and their attendants in vain en deavored to tear down the scenery. The fire flashed in every part of the house with a rapidity horrible and astonishing, and, alas! gushing tears and unspeakable an guish deprived me of utterance. “There was but one door for the great est part of the audience to pass. Men, women and children were pressing upon each other, while the flames were seizing upon those behind. Those nearest the window's, which were very high, were afraid to leap down, while those behind them were seen catching on fir® and writhing in the greatest agony of pain and distress. . . . Imagine what cannot be described. All of those in tho pit es caped, and had cleared themselves from the house before those in the boxes could get down, and the door was for some time empty. Those from above were pushing each other down the steps, when the hin- , dermost might have got out by leaping into the pit. There would not have been the least difficulty in descending from tho first boxes into the pit.”—Richmond Cor. New York Sun. ltoll Call In the IIousc. A Washington correspondent describes a roll call in the liouss of representatives: ‘“Roll call!’ shout the pages, running about the corridors of the house wing. ‘Roll call! Yeas and nays! Yeas and nays!’ It reminds one of the boys about the theatres or opera singing. ‘Opera books! Books of the opera! Libretto! libretto!’ The effect, however, is quite different. If you arc in the restaurant when an important bill is pending yon will witness a stampede when the little fellows run from table to table with their ‘Roll call!’ Division of the house!’ or ‘Call of the house!’ The latter is a variety, but the former signals to memliers occur every day. Down into the sub-base ment, down into the subterranean com mittee rooms, into the restaurant, into the bar, along the main corridors, among the reception rooms, and even across to the ‘Congressional,’ the small hoys with the silver badge skip with the cry: 'Roll call!’ ‘Roll call!’ And the members who are interested in that particular measuro drop knife and fork, drop gossip with the ladies, drop stories with the gentlemen, drop cocktails and courting and rush to ward the hall of the house. This is man aged differently from a few years ago, when every member had to be on hand and look out for himself. Now the floor may show less than a quorum when the clerk begins to rend, and then Ixjforo the second call logins for absentees the mem bers have been gathered in from the rooms and corridors, and a pretty full house is recorded.’’— Pittsburg Dispatch. Xew Tanning Substance from Coal. A new extract of coal is being intro duced in Germany for industrial purposes, especially for tanning leather and disin fection generally, to whicli tlic name “pyrofuxin” is given by the discoverer, Professor Paulas Reinsch, of Erlangen, Bavaria. Unlike the generality of such compounds, this new material Is not a derivative of coal tar, or of any of the distillates of coal, but is obtained directly from coal itself. Pit or bituminous coal contains most of it, and is prepared by being broken into nuts. The crude pyro iaxin is extracted by repeated boilings in A solution of caustic soda. The pyrofuxin enters into solution and is allowed to stand for a tijne. It is then poured off and a carl»ouic acid gas is passed through it. The resultant liqnor has a specific gravity of 1.025 to 1.030, and holds from ten to fifteen grammes of pyrofuxin to the liter. In its purified form the compound is a fine, non-tritnrable substance, withont taste or smell, non-poisonous and in ap pearance like catechu. Some Russian coal contains 18 per cent, of pyrofuxin. After the extraction of this material the coal remains combustible. It is described as being one of the most powerful and effec tive antiseptics known to science. On this account it is expected to be most valuable for tanning, as being twenty-eight times quicker in action than bark and produc ing a better result at decreased cost. It will be soon enough to give credence to this alleged leather tanning agent when specimens of good leather are produced.— Scientific American. Slang in the Reataarant. Men who write books about slang might J And material in some restaurants. In Kansas City there is an abundance of it. Only in one place in St. Louis—on Morgan street—can you hear downright slang in the giving of the orders, and curious it is. If you tell the waiter you want an oyster stew, he shouts out to the kitchen: “Jesse James!” A beefsteak becomes “slaughter in a pan;” plain, black coffee is “coffee in the dark;” potatoes unpeeled are “Murphy with his coat on;” two eggs fried on one side are transformed into “sunny side up;” buckwheat cakes are spoken of in gambler fashion as “stack of reds with copper on top.” and batter cakes as “stack of whites."—Waiter in Globe-Democrat White Malleable Iron Ore. A writer upon the products of Arkan sas says: “The most remarkable and in teresting mineral of all this region is the white malleable Iron ore, regarding the existence and malleability of which a great deal of skepticism is said to exist. It is fonnd in the corner of Howard county, adjoining the frontier of Mont gomery, Polk and Pike.”—Exchange. A woman who married a “perfect angel of a man” is usually a widow. This is tough, but it is true. THE DRUMMER DID IT. A Class or Honest and Enthusiast!* Nuisances Who Never Die. All investigations by archaeologists into tho various races and their history break on an inexplicable influence that seems to connect widely different places, periods and j (copies. They find old jars in uso in India that thi mound builders bad here, and they come across iron teaspoons in the primeval forest beds of coal. They are astonished to find the gridiron of tho north of Ireland figuring in tho social life of China three or four thousand years ngo. Tho Bedouin Arab has tho army blanket of tho Esquimaux, and in tho ruins of Pompeii they como across peanut shells like what the sweeper sweeps out of tho gallery of the theatre to-day. Well, why is this? Archae ologists cannot tell. I can. The mysterious ubiquitous influence that leaves no track save the article is simply the drummer. It was the drummer who did it all He left those curious Grecian scrolls in Egypt; he carved those hieroglyphics on the rocks of ancient Britain; ho is tho man who introduced French candy into Herculaneum and stuck the mound builders with iron teaspoons. Do you ever know what becomes of a drummer? Not that you care, but have you ever seen a dead drummer? I don’t lielievo drummers die. I bolievc they simply talk themselves into gas. “Gas thou art, to gas rctumest,” was written ot the drummer. I have met one or two men who have been drummers, but they do not talk much about it When a drummer gets tired of talking ho just disappears. I do not see how this country survives the existence of drummers. You go into a small country place; you step iuto the hotel; you find in the office sixteen coats hanging up on tho wall and sixteen valises in a row on the floor, and sixteen men sitting with their thirty-two feet up on the stove, telling sixteen lies about their business and their adventures, all at one time. ^ ou can’t get what you want in that town. The drummers have made the store keepers buy what they have to sell, and you’vo got to take it or go without. It seems almost impossible to believe that a drummer should ever be able to disguise his identity. He is, as a rule, aggressive and runs things. If you see a man come into the office of a hotel and step up timidly to the counter and ask the clerk if therolire any letters for him, please, you may know that he's a humble private citizen and a plain guest If you see a fellow bang open the door, stride in and leave it open behind him, go and hang his coat on a peg and jam his valise on the floor, walk behind tho counter, take out all the let ters and read the addresses from every box, open tho drawer and look in, then you'll know it’s a drummer—goal for one night’s lodging and several drinks. Ho generally lets every body know that he’s »<old a lot of stulT, and lie talks very loud about tho fun he’s had some times. But they told me of one drummer who called himself a coant, and wore a long fur lined ulster and an Imposing foreign look ing mustache. He caino in the summer sea son and stayed a long time. Ho was the rage; tho girls fell inlovo with him; the munimas admired him; he was on the eve of getting engaged to a haughty Son Francisco belle, when a lady walked iuto a drug storo one day and found him with a lot of samples of soap, trying to stick the proprietor with his stock. That let him out and he disappeared. But tho profession disowned him, for ns a rulo the drummer is a straightforward, open, honest and enthusiastic nuisance.—Bou Francisco Chronicle. Geu. Grant In 1H03. I find in my notes a description of Gen. Grant written behind Vicksburg in June, 18153. It may Ins of interest at this remote date: Almost at any time one can see a small but compactly built man of about 45 year* of ago walking through the camps. He moves with his shoulders thrown a littlo in front of tho perpendicular, his left hand in tho pocket of his trousers, an unlighted cigar in his mouth, his eyes thrown straight forward, which, from the hazo of abstraction which veils them, and a countenance plowed into furrows of thought, would seem to indicate that he is intensely preoccupied. The sol diers observe him coming, and, rising to their feet, gather on each side of tho way to see him pass—they do not salute him, they only watch him curiously, with a certain sort of familiar reverence. His abstracted air is not so great while he thus moves along as to prevent his seeing everything without appar ently looking at it; you will discover this in tho fact that, however dense the crowd in which you stand, if you nro an acquaintance, his eye will for an instant rest on you with a glance of recollection, accompanied with u grave nod of recognition. A plain blue suit without scarf, sword or trappings of any sort, savo the double starred shoulder straps, an indifferently good Kos suth hat, or slouch, with tho crown tattered in close to his Lead, full beard Letwcen light and “sandy,” a square cut face, whose lines and contour indicate extreme endurance and determination, complete the external a|> pcaranco of this small man, as one sees him passing along, turning and chewing restlessly the end of his unlighted cigar. His counte nance in rest has the rigid immobility of cost iron, and while this indicates the unyielding tenacity of tho bulldog, one finds in his gray eyes a smile and other evidences of the jios session of those softer traits seen u[»on the lips and over the entire faces of ordinary people On horseback he loses all the awk wardness which distinguishes him as he move* about on foot. Erect and graceful, bo seems a portion of liia steed, without which the full effect would be incomplete Along with a body guard of the general rides his son Fred, a stout lad of some 12 summers. He endures all the marches, follows bis father under fire with all tho coolness of an old soldier, and is, in short, a “chip of the old block.”—“Poliuto” in Chicago Times. A Mlwr'i Sharp Practice. In the room of a miser physician, who died in New York dty a few days ago, were found hundreds of empty bottles and packages, which showed that lor many months he bad lived on the various nutritions articles widely advertised in the medical journals. This had cost him nothing, for he had taken advan tage of the sharp rivalry in wares of this * kind and had written to the proprietors for samples, implying that he might require a largo quantity if the trial proved successful. HU name appearing in the list of regular practitioners, his requests were freely granted and bo obtained all sorts of cereal foods, wines, malt preparations, koumiss and tonics. His peculiar diet may have killed him, for be died of a gastric disease.—Chicago Times. A Valid Excuse. “My dear,” said the elder lady, “you should have thanked that gentleman who so kindly gave you hu seat” “My failure to thank him, mamma, was be cause of consideration for him. He may have a wife and family dependent upon him.” ■’I don’t understand, my dear.” "You see, mamma, I feared the shock might be too great for him.”—Pittsburg Dis patch. An Earmark. Her form Is like the sculptor's dream of lore. Her speech is like tM cooing of a dove, Her features e'en an anchorite would please. Her eyes—those specs! alas, she’s Bostooese. "WHEN I WAS A BOYr “When I wan a boy," the graudsire said To the bright lad by his knee, “Of the victors crowned with fame I read Who triumphed on land and sea'. And through the years, from the deathless page, A summons lias sounded long: To youth, aud manhood, and hoary age. The message is this: ‘Be Strong:'” “When I was a boy—" he paused aud said To the listener by his knee, “Of the men who were as lights I read In a dark world's history! They prized the truth and were loved of God, And no fear of man they knew; And still from the gloriora heights they trod. Tlw message was this.”'Be True —J. R. Eastwood In Tlw (juiver. RESEARCHES ON SNAKE POISONS. Peculiarities of the Venom of Serpent*, llow Death I* Caused. Tho Smithsonian institution has pul> lished Dr. Mitchell's and Professor Reich ert's researches on snake poisons. The Boston Medical ond Surgical Journal says of tho work: “Tho new researches have been executed with so great skill, the re sults are so important, and the presenta tion of the whole matter is so excellent, that tho memoir must at once bo ranked a classic.” We give a few of the results: No chemical difference can be detected in the poison of all known snakes. The poison resembles in some respects the saliva of other animals, and differs hut little from normal elements of the blood. Introduced witliin tho living tissues, it produces destructive changes more rapidly tlian any other known substance, and yet it is harmless witliin its own tissues. I lore in, as Tho Journal suggests, it resembles the gastric juice, which digests nil sul> stances except that of tho stomach itself. Like most other poisonous sulistanoes, it is associated with more or less innocu ous matter, from which the activo princi ple can be separated by chemical analysis and obtained pure. It has generally been supixx*ed that tho malignant effect of the iwison was due to an intense inflammation to which it gave rise. But in inflammation it is principally tho white corpuscles that oscape from the blood vessels, while snake poison causes the blood to exudo unseparated. In the former case, also, tho blood strongly coagulate's; in the latter, it retains its fluidity. The red blood globule, in its normal form, is biconcave, or hollowed out on both sides; tho poison renders it round, softens it, and causes tho globules to run together like a gelatinous mass. Tho tissues become black with tho infiltrated blood, break down, and rapidly putrify and slough. It is proljablo that iu most cases death results from tho paralysis of the respira tory centers—those parts of tho brain tliat preside over tho acts of respiration. The bushmen of South Africa use as an antidote the powdered poison sac of a different species of snake; some, a small lizard, dried, powdered ami rublied into incisions around tho bite. Oliservationn of travelers seem to confirm the efficacy of these antidotes.—Youth's Companion. Queer Thing* in China. A decree has been published in The Pekin Gazette which gives definite shape to tho negotiations of China with the pope. The cathedral schools, dwelling houses, hospital, museum, printing office and library, so well known for 150 years as the Peitang, are to lie removed to an other site a quarter of a mile distant. Tho bishop is highly praised und rewarded with second rank decorations, as is also Mr. Commissioner Dcitring of the cus toms. Tientsin. Abbo Fnvicr, who went to Rome and Paris from Pekin to con duct the negotiations, is honored with the third rank decorations and 1*500. Tho accord of France with China seems to 1*> perfect. The new cathedral and other building * will bo erected at tho expense of tho Chi nese government, following in this re spect the example set by the great Em peror Kanghi in the latter ]>art of the Seventeenth century. The empress wiyhes to have tho cathedral, which overlooks a park where she will reside occasionally, in tho western precincts of 'die palace. What she will do with the Cathedral is a secret, and pcrhajis not yet decided.—London News. Slavery In KMlitrn Countries. It is a mistake to regard the condition of a slave in the east as utterly wretched. On the contrary, he is much better off than the average artisan in Europe. The worst he lias to endure is the severance from his home and the journey to his place of destination. The relations be tween master and slave in eastern coun tries have little analogy with those form erly existing in Brazil and North America. It is usual for the Arab to grant freedom to liis IponcLsman after a certain term of servitude; but in general the boon is de clined and the slave prefers to continue in a service where he is well taken care of. The children of a Moliammedan master and a female slave stand upon an equal social footing and enjoy the same legal rights of heirship as the offspring of the legitimate wife. The mother, by the very event of the liirth, becomes free and cannot be sold. An emancipated slave frequently inherits his master's property and carries on his business. In Meccah and Jeddah I know many freedmen of this class who lave become eminent mer chants.—Cot. St. Louis Globe-Dispatch. L«pro«y In New Orleiui*. While delving for information on the subject of the city's health I ascertained what I believe is not generally known in New Orleans—that leprosy exist s h re to a i emarkable extent. It has been kuown here in a vague sort of way tlot llicre were some cases of the dreaded disr :w in the lower parishes, but not that it j re called to any extent in New Orleans. There are now under treatment i.: dp* Charity hospital no less than eighteen cases. What is more remarkable, and should be of absorbing interest to the ;x-o ple here, is the fact. I am inform* -1 on authority, that the luckless victk.i; do not know with what they an- a ('dieted, and arc going about their usual voca tions.—New Orleans Letter. A New tad Durable Bronze. The new Reitz alloy, the patented pro duction of a German chemist, is n 1 ::zc for which remarkable durability ! re sistance to all acids are claimed. prut aged exposure to concentrated muriatic ..c;d having caused less than haIt the l .: > tained by any other alloy, and otlx r uis laving been equally successful.—Aidau saw Traveler.