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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, July 29, 1887, Image 1

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Vol. III.. No. XXI. Price 3 Cents
_ —!
A FAULTLESS FAMILY MEDICINE.
“I have used Simmons Liver Reg
ulator for many years, having made
it my onlv Family Medicine. My
mother before me was partial to it.
It is a safe, good and reliable medi
cine for anv disorder of the system,
and if used in time is a great pre
ventive of sickness. I often recom
mend it to my friends, and shall
continue to do -so.
“Rev. James M. Rollins,
“Pastor M. E.t'hurch, So. Fairfield,Ya."
TIME AND DOCTORS’ BILLS SAVED
by always keeping Simmons Liver
Regulator in the house.
•*I have found Simmons Liver Reg
ulator the best family medicine 1
ever used for anything that may hap
pen: have used it in Indigestion,
Colic, Diarrhoea, Biliousness, and
found it to relieve immediately.
After eating a hearty supper, if, on
going to bed, 1 take about a tea
spoonful, 1 never feel the olleetsof
the supper eaten.
“OYllMl. SPARKS,
“Ex-Mayor, Macon, Cut."
I ONLY LEM IN E
has our X Stamp In red on front of \Yrap
, per
J. H. Zeiliii & Co., Philadelphia, Pa.,
SOLE PROPRIETORS, Price, $1.00.
j uyJy,eow-dm. •
BLACK WOLF!
Or Black leprosy, is a disease which is considered
Incurable, but it has yielded to the curative prop
erties of Swirr's Srccino—now known all over
the world as S. S. s. Mrs. Bailey, of West Somer
ville, Mass, near Boston, was attacked several years
ago with this hideous black eruption, and waa treat
ed by the Ix-st medical talent, who could only sav
that the disease was a species of LEPROSY
and consequently Incurable. It is impossible tode
senbe her sufferings. Her body from the crownof
her head to the soles of her feet was a mass of de
cay. the flesh rotting off and H aving great cavities.
Jer Augers festered and several nuiis dropped off
it one time. Uer limbs contracted by the fearful
ulceration, and for vears she did not leave her bed.
Her weight was reduced from 125 to 60 lbs. Sx v
faint Idea of her condition can be glean d frix.i
tnefact that three pounds of t’oemoline or oint
ment were used per week In dressing her sore*
Finally the nhvsiciar.9 acknowledged their defeat
by this Black Wolf, and commended the sufferer
to her all w ise Creator.
Il«-r husband hearing w underfill reports of Swift’s
Specific <s S s i. prevailed on her to try it as a
1 ::«t t» - it She 1 • .ii i's use under protest, but
soon fi : 1 i! • I. r system was being relieved ol
It. •; • n t Hi • ► W'»urr> d a red and healthy
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july.s,iiu
Merchant Tailoring.
Berryville, Virginia,
carries a full line of
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HI?’Having employed a cutter, who
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S<iftsf\ii'h‘on f* inn’tinieetl.
apr.i>,*!*» lv.
A CAKD.
To all who are suffering from the error* and
Indiscretions of youth, nervous weakness, early
"bi’ay, loss of manhood, Jke.. I will send a recipe
tlmt will cure you.FREE OF CHAROE. Thlsgreat
remedy was discovered by a missionary In S°uth
America. Send a self-addressed envelope to the
Rtv. Jostru T. INMAN, Station V. AVw Tort tTf*
IS ON FILE
at the office of
THE H. P. HUBBARD CO.. Judicious A<*
vertising Agents & Experts, New Haven,Ct.
T Ag.nt* Who can quote our **7 »ow*S3
advertising rates. Adv#*tisvm«nt*
tinned, proofs shown and estimates of
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WANTED.
To Imv wild lauds itt West \ irglnia.
Tiive full disrription ~ n,j j>r,,‘*
Addryss, LOCK ’ ,-(
GEN. SHERIDANS OATH.
HIS RIDE TO WINCHESTER.
His Own Account of What He Said and
Did When He Was “Twenty Miles
Away.*’—How the Famous Po
em Happened to be Written.
BY W. K. CURTIS.
Copied from an Exchange.
An impression has always prevail
ed among those who do not know
General Sheridan, that he is a very
: profane man. This idea was en
! con raged by the writers of army an
ecdotes and personal sketches dur
ing the war, who represented him as
being lull of lusty swagger and
strange oaths; as a type of the an
cient dragoon, brandishing a bloody
blade, and calling for blood by the
bucketful, like the old buccaneers
I and roystcrers of Shakespeare’s
| time.
The same idea was prevalent about
! General Custer, whereas he was a
gentle, quiet, blonde-haired man,
with a small white hand that he kept
with care, and a musical voice that
was never raised above the tone of
[ ordinary conversation, unless it was
needed to inspire courage or dispel
fear. Custer never used an oath,
never drank liquor, and did not use
tobacco iu any form, lie once tried
to learn to smoke, but the man to
whom danger never brought dismay,
and who enjoyed a battle more than
a ball, was “downed” by a mild Ha
vana cigar, and after spending the
rest of the day in bed, uncondition
ally surrendered and never attempt
ed it again.
In that remarkable poem with
which we are familiar, Buchanan
Head describes Sheridau as riding
down the lines with “a terrible oath,”
which was so soul stirring as to
bring the demoralized sense of the
responsibility ot the occasion and to
; turn them from sheep to men. The
General does not recollect exactly
what he did say then, but has no
1 doubt that he used language appro
priate to the circumstances, and
meant precisely what lie said. On
some other occasions during the war
he found the ordinary vocabulary of
conversation inadequate to his
t houghts, and made use of language
that could not be misunderstood;
but the yarns about his profanity
which were so widely quoted at the
■ time have caused him much annoy
ance.
The impression that his tongue
was a mint that was constantly coin*
! ing imprecations of a unique and
awful pattern was quite general, and
it grieved the hearts of a great many
good people that a man they had
learned to admire and love should
tarnish his otherwise brilliant repu
tation by the use of blsphemy. Many
of them wrote him to express their
regret. The letters came from uler
gymen and mothers ofboys, who gent
ly remonstrated and begged him to
ahand >n the vicious habit, not only
for the sake of his own soul, hut for
the benefit of their sons, who admir
ed him so much and were inclined
to imitate even the vices of a great
soldier.
It is due to (h-tieral Sheridan that
the false impression should he cor
rected. for he is not habitually pro
fane and never swears except upon
rare occasions of extraordinary
provocation. Then he does not use
the vulgar blasphemy of the bar
room. but coins phrases of pictur
esque and striking originality,
which produces an instantaneous ef
fect and a lasting impression. His
words fall like a pile driver. He
does not use them for the sake of
swearing, nor from force of habit,
and never utters the same oath twice,
hut to emphasize his language and
to supply a force which the poverty
of his native tongue lacks.
On some supreme occasions, at a
great crisis, or an emergency, when
the souls of his men were to he
aroused.theordinary adjective would
strike the soldier with no more force
than a falling leaf, and the phrases
of the drawing room would not even
reach their ears. So much is true
of Sheridan, that at such times his
tongue would frame a sermon in a
single sentence that never failed to
arrest a panic and inspire with cour
age men who would have been deaf
to the ordinary tone and manner of
remonstrance or command.
Tim retreat at Winchester was
one of these occasions. A member
of his staff. General George A. For
sythe, or “Sandy” as he was better
■ known who rode the famous twenty
miles by Sheridan's side, but did not
s;et into the immortal poem may he
considered pretty good authority,
lie told me that when the General
met the first group of stragglers, in
full retreat, and was informed by
them that the enemy had captured
his ca m p d u r i ug h i s al isence. he turn
ed white with rage and mortification,
and exclaimed in a tone that was not
to be misunderstood.
“Boy’s, those of you who are not
cowards, follow me: for I’ll sleep in
that camp tonight, or I’ll sleep m
hell!”
That was the ‘‘terrible oath” the
author ol “Sheridan's Hide” referred
1 to. and it had the effect that was in
tended. The soldiers knew that
“Little Phil’’ was frightfully in earn
est, and there wasn’t a man in all
the shattered army who wouldn’t
share his bed.
I asked General Sheridan the oth- j
er day if he knew the author of the (
poem.
••Yes,’’ he replied, “1 knew* him j
well. I first met Mr. Read at the i
headquarters of General Rosecrans,
just before the battle of Stoue River.
He was a guest of the General, and
remained in camp quite a while, so
that we all got to know him.”
“Do you knowhow he came to write
the poem?
“Yes,” said the General, “I have
heard him tell about it several times.
There have been a number of stories
published about the origin of the
poem, but I will tell you the true one,
just as Mr. Read told it to me. Do
you know that James E. Murdoch
suggested the idea?”
“Murdoch, the elocutionist?”
“The very man. He was an actor
at one of the Cincinnati theatres at
the time, where I had known him.
Murdoch has always been a groat
friend of mine, and I am glad to i
know the old man keeps so well. I
see that he was able to appear at the j
memorial services in honor of Chief
Justice Chase the other day. He
lost a son at the battle of Missionary
Ridge—Murdoch did—the boy was
in my command, and the old man J
came down to get the body, don't
you know? The enemy occupied the ,
place where the boy was buried, and !
Mr. Murdoch remained a guest at
my headquarters until we recovered :
the ground. He used to ride the :
lines with me every day, and always
used my black horse ‘Ricnzi’—the I
one that was afterward called ‘Win
chester,’and thesame that was under
me on that twenty-mile canter. No
man ever straddled a better animal,
and old Murdoch became very foud
of him. He was a horse that it was :
an honor to mount, you see, and in
that poem Read gave him a good !
send-off.
“Well, things were very exciting 1
down around Chattanooga those J
days, and Mr. Murdoch saw a good i
deal of war. On Sundays he always
used to recite poems to the troops
around headquarters, and there was
one of Browning’s that the boys nev
er missed a chance to call for. It
was a great favorite with me, don’t
you know, just as it was with the
soldiers, and we never let the old
man off without reading it. It was •
the storv of the ride from Ghent to
Aix—you remember it?
“Well you see after the battle of
Cellar Creek, there was published in
Harper's Weekly a story of my ride
from Winchester, and a picture if
me on the back ol old Rienzi. Mur
doch had agreed to recite a poem at
the Sanitary fair that was being held
at Cincinnati at that time, and Read
had promised to write something
new and appropriate for him. Rut
when Murdoch called on him for the
manuscript the afternoon he was to
recite, he hadn’t touched a pen to
paper—said he didn't know what to
write about. Well, Murdoch had i
just seen a man who was in the bat
tie, and was full of the story, being |
a friend of mine, you see; so he pull •
ed the copy of Harpers Weekly from j
his pocket, and repeated to Read all |
the officer had told him. Read
jumped up, locked himself in his
room, wrote the poem off-hand, in an
hour, got his wife to make a copy,
and had it over to Murdoch’s before
dark. The latter was delighted !
with it, and read it at the Sanitary
fair that night.”
“Where did you first see it?"
“Tim first I ever saw of it was in
the newspapers. One of my officers
brought it to my tent one morning
in the camp down in the Shenandoah
Valley."
“It is said that you have the orig
inal manuscript”
“I wish I had, but I have never
seen it. 1 don't suppose it is in ex
istence. As I understand it was
originally written in pencil, and
Mrs. Read copied it for Murdoch.” t
“How did Read come to paint the [
picture of Sheridan's Ride?”
“Well, the poem made a great sen- 1
sation, you know, and Read, being a
painter as well as a poet, got a com- |
mission from the I’nion League club
of Philadelphia for the picture.
They sent him down to New Orleans,
where I was stationed, and I sat for
him there. He was going to Rome
that fall and did uot finish, but
made some sketches, and then com
pleted the picture in Italy. I never
iiad a copy of the picture, but he af
terward gave me the sketches, which
I still have at my house.”
“Who were with you on that ride?”
“Sandy Forsythe who is down in
New Mexico with the Fourth Caval
ry now, and Col. O'Keefe. The lat
ter was killed at the battle of Five
Forks.”
■ ■■ —— * --
Farms in some sections of Penn
sylvania maintain the fertility of
their soils by applying 100 bushels
of slaked lime to the acre once in five
years. It is said the fields which
have been subjected to this treat
ment for the past 100 years are as '
productive now as when the experi- !
ment was first tried. This applica
tion depends for its value much
upon the original character of tliej
1 soil.
GATH.
FORTUNES BY MARRIAGE AND
THE RESULT. .
Married Into a Sphere Too High for Him
—Comments on a Great Union.
Cincinnati Enquirer.
Among the seaside topics are sev
eral contested wills arising from mis
mated 3*011 ng couples desirous to be
married without premeditation and
encouraged by their parents because
of the fortunes to be joined. In Bv
ron's celebrated poem about Mnrv
Chaworth, he sa)*s,perhaps in a note,
that had they been married they
would have joined broad acres.
There is no reason wli}* people should
not marry to join broad personal
propert\*, if joining acres is a reason
for matrimony. In this spirit the
Banker Tracy, of Buffalo, married
his son to the daughter of Robinson,
another banker,somewhere about the
time of the close of the rebellion.
Without any fortune the bride and
groom would have been fortune's
true favorites, as they were both
large, handsome, engaging persons,
bespeaking parents with large brains
foresight and thrift. But riches in
a democratic society*, if they exist
on both sides, often confer an inde
pendence and personal knowledge
somewhat fatal to matrimonial secu
rity. Where people have made their
money together, or where the man
takes a wife without a fortune, there
is a mutuality and dependence pro
ductive of pleasing results. In this
case the husband paid little atten
tion to his vows, and there was so
much mono)* in the two families that
those who knew his shortcomings in
formed his wife. She obtained a
divorce and took her child, and mar
ried again, and once again. For a
time disconsolate and distressed by
the separation, the husband thought
it was the proper thing to prove that
lie could love again, so he married
an actress who was also a separated
woman, according to the city legend,
and she remained his wife »util he
died, not many months ago, and left
her his own fortune, and left lie
sides some bequests, including one
to his daughter, for he had no chil
dren by the second marriage. The
daughter had done nothing to alien
ate her parents, as she was a mere
babe when they separated, and in
her name a suit is brought to com
pel the estate to give the child some
thing adequate to her deserts.
BKOKEN WILLS.
It is said that every will, however
carefully considered in this State,
which lias been brought to the test,
lias been broken where very near kin
or descendants were left nut of con
sideration. This should be a warn
ing to persons who marry grass
widowers with chief regard for their
assets, to feel insecure. Habits, af
ter all, insure the longest life and
the best bequeathed property. Where
habits prevail from generation to
generation not much reference is
made to ancestry, but where there
were no habits the aucestois have to
he called out of their graves to cer
tify a former high condition for t lie
ruined family. People of habits pay
regard to the marriage of their chil
dren with reference to the future of
their property, which has often been
made by great exertions and is the
subject of pride to its creators. I
recall one case where a man had a
poor wife and she followed a trade
and kept a store in order to get
somewhat ahead of the world. By
her example, stimulated to do some
thing for himself, the man moved to
the frontier,entered into the concerns
of a new Territory, and acquired by
various means a fortune greater
than all his ancestors had possessed
—as far as he knew about them.
His wife died before he came to this
realization, and left him oue child.
His desire was to marry this child
to a man of business belongings who
could double the property and take
care of both estates; but the usual
waywardness of the heart led the
daughter to marry the son of a cele
brated man, bringing into the fami
ly this great reputation, and also an
apparent new wealth made in brok
erage and speculation. Kora while
the wedding seemed satisfactory' to
the heait as well as to the commer
cial principle. But suddenly it ap
peared that the groom had been a
victim of another person who had
discounted his want of business
knowledge and apprehension, and
before the father died he was him
self on the ragged edge, the main
portion of his property gone, and he
never recovered from the shock. He
left behind him probably enough
means to have made these young
people rich if they could have re
membered the condition of their pa
rents twenty years before. But
wealth is altogether relative. There
hardly ever is a Prince of Wales
who is got anything, chiefly because
his expectations are so enormous
that his generosity is invaded on one
side and creditors advanced to him
on the other, and still he has no ex
emption from the laws of execution
and bankruptcy.
AX IDEAL MARRIAGE.
In a recent letter I referred to
Gov. Sprague, of Rhode Island, who
has found a second wife with less
exertion than he found the first, and
she seemed so satisfactory to his
eldest son that the son married her
sister, making a somewhat curious
combination in relationship, but
from all accounts a happy one up to
the present time. It often occurs
that poverty and distress bring a
gratitude, content and loyalty not to
be found where there were great pros
pects or expectations. When Gov.
Sprague married the daughter of
Secretary Chase it seeme J almost an
ideal marriage; the groom a young
manufacturer, merchant, General
and Governor, distinguished' in the
three great branches of trade, war
and politics, lie was presumed to
be the most complete cotton manu
facturer in the United States, better
acquainted with machinery, staples
and the market than any living man,
and yet in the course of time he
broke down, and in breaking lost his
philosophy, if lie ever had any, lost
’ iiis party relations, lost his consist
ency to events, and finally lost his
wite anil the remainder ol Ins emid
ren. He had overmarried, to use a
strange expression; that is to say,
he had not married the kind of
qualities which brought to him sup
port and content. lip had married
into a great sphere of life where am
bition was as natural as in some ex
pectant house nearly related to rojr
alty. His first wife’s accomplish
ments had been in all the newspa
pers and were her treasures. She
hail been a rival of the President’s
wife during the war, and affected
almost every man with a strange
fascination. Her conversation was,
for this country, the perfection of
brilliancy, something like the ante
cedents furnished by Mad. dc Stael
or Mad. liecamier. She could take
hold of one visitor, or several, and
keep them all, so to speak, rhapso
dised. This cotton manufacturer,
who had been through the wiles of
politics, was no doubt charmed with
his wife at lirst, but as time proceed
ed, and he saw rocks ahead, and
through weakness of his own made
mistakes, he became a supremely
unhappy man, and she also felt that
she had bound herself to an unap
preciative person. When they came
to separate there was a scandal
which made one part of the world
laugh and another part scowl, and
people took sides, and politicians
declared against the husband, and
he found himself somewhat in the
position of Gov. Sam Houston after
lie had married a fine girl in Ten
nessee and had become the chief man
in the State. There was no expla
nation to make which would not re- 1
fleet on his children, and so they !
parted, though not without Julius, j
perhaps, and longings hardly now to
be ever appeased, since they have
formed other relations, and the past
is like a high wall. The oldest son i
adhered to his father, showing that
the father was not without some
family following and defence. It is
said that the son, who in his moth
er’s absence became a spectacle to
fashionable people, going barefooted
and peddling pond lillies at the very
resort she established, has recently
come into the possession of a sum of
money set upon him at his birth ;
when everything was hopeful and \
well established. The understand- ;
ing is that $50,000 was put in trust j
for the boy, and if he has lived 21
years the interest upon this amount
at fair interest, say 10 per cent.,
would new make the total upward of
$150,000, enough money to gladden
many a man of talent, many a strug
gling merchant, or many an abused !
statesman. This nest egg, accord
ing to the accounts, has put stabili- :
tv into the ohrhoraestead,and sooth- j
ed the new relations of both father j
and son. Yet we can find thousands
of families in the land not $20,000
ahead of the world who are without1
apprehensions or backbitings or re- '
grets. _- _
A REMARKABLE STEAMER.
The new British steamer Ormuz
lately made the voyage from Ade
laide. Australia, a distuncoof 11,000
miles, in 27 days, being an average
of 17 miles an hour. Coal consump
tion, only 110 tons per diem. The I
ship is 405 feel long, 52 feet beam,
:f7 feet depth, 10,500 tons displace
ment loaded, 8,500 horse power, boil
er pressure 150 pounds, seven boil
ers. Time occupied in building. 9
months.
-—*- ♦ - --
If you make good butter do not
hesitate to let it be known that it is
your product. When you are man
ufacturing a prime article it is a
matter of satisfaction as well as of
profit to connect your name with it
wherever it is sold. A reputation
established in this way is worth
solid cents per pound difference on
, all the butter which leaves the farm,
("arson City (Nev.; Union.
Harrington Brothers have imjM)r
ted into Nye county thoroughbred
Holstein Friesians, Hereford and
Short-horn Durham bulls—twenty
eight in number—and have turned
them loose on the Reese River range
of mountains.
MAIDS OF HONOR.
Waiting on Her British Majesty is Any
thing But a Sinecure.
London letter in New York Graphic.
The maids of honor to the Queen
earn every penny of £300 a year
which is their stipend for filling a
very difficult position. With the
best of intentions and with the kind
est heart in the world, the Queen ex
pects so much from herself in the
way of physical toil, both for busi
ness and pleasure, that she may per
haps be excused for sometimes for
getting that the flesh, especially ar
istocratic flesh, is weak. The maids
of honor are on duty for a month at
a time, and at the end of a month
they are fit subjects for a course of
tonic treatment. While on duty they
cannot call their souls their own.
After breakfast, which they take in
their own rooms, they have to hold
themselves in instant readiness to
obey the Queen’s summons, which
comes the moment Sir Henry Pon
sonby quits her Majesty’s presence,
with the big1 red morocco dispatch
box, containing his day’s work, un
der his arm. After a brief “Good
morning the Queen suggests a lit
tle reading, and the dutiful maid ad
dresses herself to the pile of papers
wherein the proper passages for her
Majesty’sliearing have already been
marked by Sir Henry. Through col
umns and columns of parliamentary
debate leading article and correspon
dence has the poor lady to intone
her dismal way, often having to re
peat passages, for the Queen never
leaves a subject till she has thor
oughl}’ mastered it, and is not at all
sparing in her commands to “.Just
read that again, please.” The maid
of honor is so busy minding her
stops and trying to modulate her
voice that she has little chance of
understanding a tithe of what she is
reading, and yet the moment the
reading is over she has to rush off
and get ready for a drive with her
royal mistress, during which she
will be expected to make lucid re
marks on the topics she has just
read aloud.
After luncheon is the only real,
time the maids have to themselves,!
and even that is spoiled for them by
the uncertainty as to whether they
will be wanted to walk or drive with
the Queen later in the afternoon.
They must stay in their apartments
for, if by any chance they should be
sent for and were not to be found at
the moment, their life for a day or
two would not be a happy one; so
that a stroll in the grounds on their
own account is out of the question
till after4 o’clock, when, if the Queen
has departed on a drive without them
they know they are free till 0 at any
rate. On the Queen’s return there
is more reading aloud, this time of
ponderous works on heavy philo
sophical subjects, or else the arrang
ing of sketches, photographs, or it
may be the charity needlework is
brought out till such time as her
Majesty goes to dress for her 9
o’clock dinner, where, to the relief
of the maid of honor, she is not ex
pected to be present. By this time
she is not (infrequently faint for
want of food, for when not at court
she would naturally be finishing
dinner at the hour when it is the
Queen's pleasure to commence it.
Young ladies do not, as a rule,
jump at the post of maid of honor to
the Queen until they have given
themselves a fair chance of obtain
ing an “establishment.” It is not
until season after season has been
drawn blank that disconsolate la
dies have recourse to the dignity,
very much minus the leisure, of join
ing the “Houshold.” It follows
that, though by no means in the sear
and yellow leaf, the majority of the
maids of honor are not in the first
blush or budding girlhood. The
present senior maid is the Hon. Har
riet Lepel Phipps, a cousin of the
Marquis of Normandy. Miss Phipps
will never see her 45 birthday again.
The Hon. Frances Drummond, a
daughter of Viscount Strathallan, is
39. The Hon. Ethel ( adogan was
born in 1853, which puts to her cred
it 33 summers, and the Hon. Maud
Okeover, a niece of Lady Waterpark,
by whose influence she got the ap
pointment, is only 27.
Ickd Pcddiko.—(,'ut a half pound
of stale cake into small pieces.
Crumb a quarter of a pound of mac
aroons and sponge cake together.
Put a quart of milk on to boil. Heat
six eggs with a quarter of a pound
of pulverized sugar, stir into the
milk, let thicken, take from the tire,
add half a box of gelatine soaked in
cold water, strain and set to cord.
Cover the bottom of a mold with
candied citron, then put in a layer
of thinly sliced stale rake, then
sprinkle with crumbled macaroons,
then the citron, and so on until the
mould is full. Add vanilla to the
custard; pour into the mould and
cover tightly. Pack in salt and ice,
and freeze three hours. Torn out
and eat with berries and sugar.
A W. Roome, special pension ex
aminer, has reported to the pension
bureau the arrest of Fred. Brinkmau
at Weston, charged with demanding
and retaining illegal fees in pension
claims.
THE BASE BAH WORLD.
The base-ball world is a larger
and more complex affair than thn
average spectator of a game usually
supposes. It is. in fact, a colossal
and carefully organized machine,
built up and controlled by capital
ists with a view’ to making money.
The players of a “nine,” with their
mauager, constitute a “club,” and a
combination of clubs formed for
purposes of mutual advantage con
stitutes a “league,” a unit of a high
er order. The two of these units
that are by far the- most powerful
arc the National League, the first
formed, and the American Associa
tion. These have divided the ter
ritory of the United States between
them; the National League having
clubs credited to and playing in Bos
ton, Chicago, Detroit, Indianapolis,
Philadelphia, Pittsburg, New York
and Washington, while the Ameri
can Association embraces the cities
of Baltimore, Brooklyn, Cincinnati,
Cleveland, Louisville and St. Louis,
with the Athletic of Philadelphia
ana tne .Metropolitan oi Matcn
Island. In Philadelphia, it will bo
observed, both organizations are
represented, and this is virtually
the case also with regard to New
York. There are also what are
called “the minor leagues,” which
are struggling for position, and by
combination with each other will
probably some day form a third
great organization. They are for
the most part local, as, for example,
the International, which embraces
Newark, Buffalo, Syracuse, Ilamil
ton and Toronto, or the Southern
League, which embraces New Or
leans, Charleston, Memphis, Nash
ville and Birmingham. These
leagues, both great and small, are
best described as combinations ol*
employers to prevent, on the one
hand, too much competition, and on
the other to control the players,hold
them to their agreements and en
force discipline. The character of
the nines and this reputation for
temperate habits, orderly lives and
good playing arc said to have been
vastly improved by the tight grasp
obtained upon the individual mem
bers by the managers through the
National League and American As
soeiation. For the players have no
voice in the direction of affairs;
they arc simply the employes of the
manager, or the capitalists back of
him, and are under contract to go
and do as he directs, receiving a
stipulated salary. Their liberty of
action is surrendered almost abso
lutely during the period of their on
gagetnent, a circumstance to which
they are fully reconciled, however,
by the ample honorarium they re
ceive. The salaries of the Detroit,
nine, for example, aggregate $50,
000. The usual salary ranges from
$1,200 to $3,000 a season, with $■'».
000 for exceptionally good players.
A good nine will “draw” heavily
and make big money for their cm
ployer, or “owner”—as he is same
times facetiously termed—in gato
receipts, and the anxiety of theclub
manager to get a particularly 'A-ill
fill player added to his nine in*
queutly leads to the payuienl of
large sums. Tin* Chicago Club, ii.
will be recalled, “sold” Kelly to tho
Boston Club for $10,000. this sum
not going to Kelly—in fact lie was
probably not consulted—but to the
capitalist who had him under con
tract. The player on “signing"
agrees to obey orders, and the right
of “selling” him, in addition to bin
services, constitutes part of the eon
sideration for which lie receives his
salary. This, it has been held by
certain agitators in the base ball
world, amounts to making a chattel
of the player, but the player, Iik«*
other persons in the enjoyment of
practical advantages, is not solici
tous about merely constructive hard
ships. Complaint is also made by
his alleged friends of tin- fa<4 that
the player is obliged to fill his con
tract to the letter or retire from ilu*
field, owing to the combination of
the National League and American.
Association, which enables them t<*
prevent his getting employment, in.
discharged for cause, in any nine in
the country. But it maybe qu.-s
tioned whether the public, as well a*
the player, is not interested equally
with the manager in the inaintr -
nance of such a rule. If the naf ion*d
game is to be played in a manner 0*
attract and satisfy the public, a.
will have to be systematically con
ducted by clubs that can rely upon
their nines doing their best at spe
cified times and places.
Iced Rice Plddiso.—Put oneeii|»
of rice ou to boil in sufficient water
to cook; when done cover with wide
and let sitmner half an hour. \Vlii|»
' a quart of cream to a stiff froth an t.
set on ice. Drain the rice and |miu
in a sauce pan. Heat the yolks of
eight eggs witli three cap* of sugar,
pour into the boiling rice, stir well _
let cook five minutes. Take from,
the fire, flavor with vanilla and j*onr
in a deep dish to cool. When eoht
, pour in a freezer and fre>ze. When,
frozen,stir in the whipped cream rime
let stand for two hours packed in
ice. Serve with slices orange sprin
kled with sugar.

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