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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, August 26, 1887, Image 1

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^ ^ A very intelligent oommeroia trav
eller. who recently visited. 38 ooun
11 alvei« t*. >* will inquire, they will
ties, telle us, he met everywhere with
find that tin- paper reache-. a larger , ...
more oopiee of this paper and heard
audience in West Virsmia, of the
it more quoted than all the other pa
c !■*- mo* valuable to thorn, than
pere combined
airy other publication.
Vol. in., No. XXX.VT CHARLESTOWN. JEFFERSON^COUNTY. W^A.. FRIDAY, AUGUST 26. 1887^ Price 3 Cents
>*
BiliousnesS
Is an affection of the Liver, and can be
thoroughly cured by that tirand
Regulatoi of tlie Liver and
Biliary organs,
Sjininoiis Liter Regulator,
M AN l' FACT I’ RKD BY
J. H. ZEIL1N & CO., Philadelphia, Pa.
I was afflicted tor several years
with disordered liver, which result
ed in a severe attack of jaundice. I
had as givod medical attendance as
our section atl'ords, who tailed utter
ly to restore me to the enjoyment of
iii v former good health. 1 then tried
the favorite prescription o! one of the
most renowned physicians of Louis
ville, Kv., but to no purpose; w here
upon 1 was induced to try Simmons
Liver Regulator. I found immedi
ate benefit from its use, and it ulti
mately restored me to the full enjoy
ment of health. ...... ....
A. II. SHIKLKY. „
Richmond, Ky.
II CAD AC H 3
Proceeds from a Torpid Liver and Im
purities of the Stomach, it can be
invariably cured by taking
Simmons Liver Regulator.
la't all who sutler remember that
SICK AND NERVOUS HEADACHES
Can Ik> prevented by taking a dose as
soon as their symptoms indicate the
coming of an attack.
jul y2n,eow-_,ni.
v .. .at * t . »v • .->>,»• - •
, . *u .'' h, i. a
l . .... » .. v
, i -K..U » ItUv n.i.i,. ;.»«'»•* l»*
-•/«>• - ' f -'ratios.
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wn
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...I .;; it: HHtuslStun i xuiiil.-'! fwe.
•iKK win srsemo C©, Drawer r, AtLnu, Ua.
w Zi I St N Y.
aug.l'ilm
Merchant Tailoring.
V 1
Berryville, Virginia,
II carries a full line of
Fine Woolens,
Coatings,
Fancy Cassimeres,
Silk \\m\ ami Fancy Worsteds.
ANI> A Fl'I-Ii MNK OF
J tf" All work guaranteed to 1k‘ ax rep
resented. anti first-class in tit anti stvle.
Having #ui|)l»vnl a cutter, who
is a graduate of the John Mitchel Flit
ting School of New Yt*rk. feel confident
in ottering our services to the citizens of
Jctlerson that we can give entire satis
faction and will use every means to give
our work a high reputation.
Satis/aetion G no ran tred.
aj»r.9,'N»—lv.
IS ON FILE
at the office pf
THE H. P. HUBBARD CO., Judicious Ad
vertising Agents & Experts, New Haven, Ct.
Om, Authonzad Agent* who can quote our very <ow*1
adverting rite*. Advertuement* de
,i 'ned, proof* shown and estimate* of
cost in ANY rvewsoaper*, forwarded to
tesp [ j ' .-s upon application |_
A CARD.
To all who are suffering from the errors and
fndiscretions of youth, nervous weak :ess, early
decay, lossof manhood, kc., I will send a recipe
that wUl cure you,FREE OF CHARGE. This great
remedy was discovered by a missionary in South
America. Send a self-addressed envelope to the
iti'V. Joseph T. INX.V.V, Station D. .Vrw l’srlc fit*.
The person who invents a way to
induce mothers to give their infants
water to drink, will render a greater
service than the inventor of the sew
ing machine. Don’t give them ice
water. Ask your doctor about this.
DISCI SSION OF PROHIBITION.
Copied from Wollshurg Herald.
We can very well afford to be
classed among fanatics, for the ren
son that we have read of some very
good people before to day that have
been classified in that way, and it
recurs to us that about all the re
formers of whom we ever have read,
iu politics, science, religion or any
thing else, that finally made the
world wiser and better, were called
fanatics by the “level headed” con
^ temporary apologists of hoary head
ed wrong and iniquity. His patron
saint Tom Jefferson, was in his day,
a fanatic for democracy; and we
quote him not because we applaud
or approve what was fanatical in his
views on that and several other sub
jects; but simply because his is a
case in point upon which we can fall
back with the certainty that our
friend can see the want of npposite
| ness in his sarcasm.
The people who are advocating
prohibition have as high apprecia
tion of personal liberty and as much
interest in it as they can have who
arc opposing it, and there is no one
I of them but would insist to the last t
: extremity that the rights of ininori- I
ties are to be respected. Advocates j
of reform have not generally such
large majorities on their side, that |
they can afford to belittle the rights j
j of minorities. Our friend may rest
contented that when prohibition be
comes the law, the rights of his
friends the distillers and saloon keep
ers will be amply protected, so long
as thev do not construe their rights
to be the rights to do something to ,
the detriment of their neighbors or !
the body politic. There is the whole !
gist of the personal liberty argument
as opposed to the idea of the prohibi
tion and sale of whiskey as fully and
and as intelligibly expressed in one
short sentence as though it occupied
a column. It is all there.
The |>crsonrtl liberty of the indi- ■
vidual is restricted every day by law,
and the only reason for it is, that by
the agreement of the majority of the
people, it is right that it should be
so; and the minority will have per
force, to trust to the good sense and 1
the instincts aud conscience of the
majority to see that it is not impos
ed upon, or be prepared, as has been
done, and will again, to assert itself
by force of arms, it has always
been so, and can't, as society is con
structed, be bt her wise. Men are i
■ confined in the penitentiary every
day, and restrained from the doing
of a variety of things they would like ,
to do, and compelled to do a variety :
of things they would rather not do, j
simply because the good of society
requires it, and their saying that the
i doing or the not doing, is a mere per
_I I -1 *4 1* 4 4. _ _ •
uairii* «»i tucutuuruiuiiig
none but themselves, don't count a
baubee It is not for them to say.
Jeff Davis argued that it was a
personal right he had in reservation
to nullify the laws of the United
i States whenever they disagreed with
the Constitution as he read it; there ;
was a difference of opinion, and Mr.
Davis and his friends resorted to the j
ultima ratio, as our contemporary j
doubtless well remembers. Nor has
the result escaped his observation.
Jeff's opinion remains intact, but the |
solid and irrevocable fact to the con
trary. is established, ami the solemn
old world rolls on. So will it be as
to the bugaboos our friend conjures t
up.
We fear our friend writes without
thinking. Mr. l>avis never dreamed of
such a thin:. • Some day, when we have j
space, we w :M give the Herald a clear- •
cut view of what was popularly called i
the if » lrine <>f Nullification: which,by j
the way, Mr. Davis did not believe in. i
Ki». Dkm.
As to the real business in hand.—
There is no -quibble' about it, but it !
is, as a proposition, straight and
plain as a pike-staff. The Prohobi- I
tionists in the exercise of their ‘per- J
sonal liberty' to do what they think
is best for themselves and the public
generally, have determined, if they \
can, to break up the sale of intoxi- (
eating liquors for intoxicatiug pur- |
poses: if they succeed in this, or as !
far as they do succeed in it, they stop
drunkenness,—if that bean invasion
ot personal liberty, so it will have to
be. There is no ‘juking' about
that.
The Democuat wishes a better un- [
tierstanding of what the Herald
means when it says: “that thedrink
habit is an indulgence which Inter- 1
feres with the*rights of others than
the person indulging.” In trying to
I be concise, the Herald does not prob
ably always make itself as plain as
■ it might, but the idea intended to be
I conveyed is that the evil effects of the
drink habit are not confined to the
person indulging but extend beyond
him. To make ourselves entirely
plain, we submit the following in
dictment, which partly we find in
j print:
1 The Saloon is a mischievous, mur- *
derous outlaw and nuisance: the pro
lific breeder of vice: the corruptor of
our boys and destroyer of ourj’oung
men: the constant inciter of riot and
murder: the brazen insulter of wo
men: the most vicious and malicious
enemy of the Home: it is Satan’s
School House and Drill Room of
devils, set over against our Free
j Schools and Churches: a nest of vi
pers in the very bosom of society: a
breeder of moral malaria wherever
it comes: a perpetual insult to com
mon decency and a continuous out
rage on public rights.
The sot begets children who inher
it his vice, and the sober, industrious
citizenship, feeds them and builds
lor them court houses, jails and alms
houses. Yes, we should say the evil
extends beyond him who indulges:
women suffer innocentlj’ from his in
dulgence in a thousand ways—all
womankind say the evil extends far
beyond him and the law don’t ade
quately protect them: the State suf
fers in a thousand ways, and if you
drink and get drunk in your private
house, you set a verj’ bad example to
the boys of your ueighborjbat would
justify him in having you suppressed
as a nuisance, if he thinks as much
of his boys as he does of his horses, 1
even if he lives six counties away:
We believe these will answer for ;
direct replies to direct question,and
is these things be so—if the saloon
really is a mischievous, murderous
outlaw and nuisance, always and ev
erywhere, can there be any reason
under the sun, why the saloon should
stay?
THE PAY OF SOME EDITORS.
_
Correspondence Buffalo Courier.
Of the editors, Mr. Stone, of the
Journal of Commerce, is paid $20,- ^
000. He is the president of the As- ;
sociated Press, immensely wealthy,
lives in Brooklyn, and has a mania I
for choice flowers and plants; his
collection is worth over $250,000.
Charles A. Dana, editor of the Sun,
is paid $15,000 salary, but he is al
so a large stockholder in the paper,
and his income from this source is
quite $100,000. Before the paper
began to decline the sum was nearly
$200,000. Wkitelaw Reid, chiet
owner of the Tribune, pays himself
$12,000 a year. He has been very j
fortunate in speculation and is said j
to be worth over $1,000,000. His j
wife, a daughter of I). O. Mills, has
a fortune of half that sum in her
own name. Dr. George II. Hep
worth, who was at one time a great
pulpit orator,now chief of the Herald
staff, is paid $12,000 yearly by
James Gordon Bennett. Julius
Chambers, the managing editor of
the same paper, receives $10,000.
Charles R. Miller, the real editor of
the New York Times, gets $10,000 a j
year. He has several assistants in I
editorial writing who get from $4,- [
000 to $7,000. John C. Reed, the
managing editor of the paper gets
$8,000, and Harold Frederic, the
London correspondent, $5,000. Col.
Johu A. Cockerill, managing editor
of the World, gets $15,000 yearly.
He also gets a small share of the
profits of the paper, making in all
$20,00 yearly. George W. Turner,
the publisher of the same paper,
makes $20,000yearly. George Wil
liam Curtis is paid $10,000 yearly
for editing Harper's Weekly. He
does not do much work, and for days
at a time does not <ro near the office.
Where was the Savior last seen on
earth before his ascension? How many
different times was He seen after the
resurrection, and until His ascension?
When the women who were last at
the cross came very early in the morn
ing, on the first day of the week,
bringing spices to embalm The body
of Jesus more perfectly than had
been done in the haste of Joseph and
Nicodemus—the two night worship
ers of Jesus—they found He had
risen, Mary Magdalene ran back to
tell John and Peter that He had been
abstracted from the tomb; but the
other women went on and saw an an
gel in the sepulcher. Then they ran
in haste to make known the news told
them, and as they ran Jesus met
them and said, “A11 hail!” This was
the first appearance. In the mean
time Peter and John came. Then
Mary Magdalene, who was with them
now, stood weeping, and as she turns
away Jesus addressed her. The third
appearance was to Peter; the fourth
to the two disciples going to Em
maus in the evening; the fifth, the
same evening, to the eleven as they
sat at sugper. All these were in one
day, the very day of the resurrection.
Exactly a week after this, he appear
ed to the Apostles, and gave Thom
as a material proof of his identy.
This was the sixth appearance. The
seventh was in Galilee, where seven
of the Apostles were assembled,some
of them probably about to go back
to their old trade of fishing. The
eighth was to the eleven, and prob
ably to five hundred brethren assem
bled in a monntain in Galilee. The
ninth was to James, and the last to
the Apostles at Jerusalem, just be
forA the Ascension,—Courier Jour
nal.
Kill all the white butterflies, as
they are the parents of the cabbage
worms. I
CANADIAN VOLUNTEERS.
The United Service.
Canada’s army consists of a mili
tary force of 156,000 men, not includ
ing the reserve militia. The force
is sometimes spoken of as volunteers,
sometimes as militia, but there is in
reality no such difference. The force
is essentially a volunteer force, com
posed of civilians from the towns
and country, those raised in the for
mer being called “city corps,” and
in the latter “rural corps.” The
amount of drill required by the Mi
litia act for each man is about 16
days in two years. Many of the ru
ral corps are not called out annually
and do no more drill than that re
quired of them, while the city corps
resemble much the volunteer corps
of our large towns at home, and drill
annually as arranged by their com
manding olllcers. The men receive
50 cents (2s.) a day for authorized
drill. They are armed with the Sni
der rifle. In addition to her militia
Canada possesses a regular force en
listed as soldiers, and distributed in
schools throughout the different
Provinces for purposes of instruc
tion, and composed as follows: Two
schools of artillery, one at Quebec,
one at Kingston, each possessing
two field guns, (9-pounder R. M. L.)
a cavalry school at Point Lewis,
Quebec; and three infantry schools,
viz., at Toronto, St. John. Province
of Quebec, and Fredericton, New
Brunswick. The total strength of
all schools combined, cannot, by the
Militia act, exceed 750 men.
WILD GEESE KILLED BY
LIGHTNING.
rhico (Cal.) Chronicle.
R. Burch, who resides on Rock
Creek, north of town, informs us
that during the storm of April 29,
as he and his family were watching
the clouds, a flock of wild geese
passed near the house. As he was
looking at them there came a vivid
flash of lightning, which seemed to
pass right through the flock of geese
and the next moment the flock seem
ed to be thrown into confusion, ut
tered the shrillest cries of alarm,and
six of their number were seen falling j
to the ground. They had been killed ,
by the lightning flash Mr.Burch had j
noticed. He went and picked up the
dead geese, which . he found to be!
plump and fat, without a mark to j
show where the lightning had struck i
” r I
them. He had a feast of roast goose ■
the next day. This is the first in- 1
stance on record, we believe, of geese i
being struck by lightning while fly- *
ing, and it is generally supposed
that the}' are safe from the destroy
ing bolt of Jove.
-•—-*—
“TH KR E W ER E G RE AT M KN.”
Popular Science Monthly.
An opinion was current in the last
century that our ancestors, at some
time in the past, were the equals or
superiors in size to the largest men
now to be found. M. Ilcnrion pre
presented to the Academic des In
scriptions, in 1718, a memoir ou the
variations in the size of men from
the beginning of the world to the
Christian era. in which Adam was •
given 123 feet 9 inches, and Eve 118
feet 9| inches. Hut after the first
pair, the human race, in bis imagi
nation, suffered a regular decrease,
so that Noah was only 100 feet high,
while Abraham shrank down to
twenty-eight feet, Moses to thirteen
feet, the mighty Hercules to ten feet^
eight and a half inches, and Alexan
der the Great to a bare six feet and
a half. The communication, it is
said, was received with enthusiasm,
and was regarded, at the time, as a
“wonderful discovery" and a “sub
lime vision."
The complaint about the degener
acy of the human race is not new,
but dates as far back as the time of
Homer, at least; for the men of bis
day were not like the heroes of whom ,
hc'sang. It is not confirmed, but is
contradicted by all the tangible
tacts, and these are not a few. Hu
man remains that are exhumed, af
ter having reposed in the grave for
many centuries, as in the catacombs
of Paris, have nothing gigantic
about them. The armor, the cuiras
ses, and the casques of the warriors
of the middle ages, can be worn by
modern soldiers; and many of the
knights’ suits would be too small for
the cuirassiers of the European ar
mies; yet they were worn by the se
lected men, who were better fed,
stronger, and more robust than the)
rest of the population. The bones
of the ancient Gauls, which are un
covered in the excavations of Tumu
li, w hi 1 e t hey a re of 1 arge dimensions,
are comparable with those of the
existing populations of many places
in France.
The Egyptian mummies are the re
mains of persons of small or medium
stature, as are also the Peruvian aud
Mexican mummies, and the mum
mies aud bones found in the ancient
monuments of India and Persia.
And even the most ancient relics we
possess of individuals of the human
species, the tneu who lived in the
tertiary period, an epoch the remote
antiquity of which goes back for
hundreds of centuries, do not show
any important differences in the size
of the primitive and modern man.
--
Man}’ interesting facts regarding
the influence of occupation upon
one’s prospect of life are brought
out in English statistics. Next to
the clergy in longevity stand men
who till the soil, the comparative
mortality on the basis of 1,000 being
599 among gardeners and nursery
men, G31 among farmers and gra
ziers, and 701 among laborers in
agricultural counties. Schoolmas
ters make a good showing, and the
rate among barristers and solicitors
is 842; but physicians do not suc
ceed very well-in keeping themselves
alive, the ligures for the medical
profession being 1,122, or almost
precisel}’ double those for the clergy.
It is a very unexpected discovery
that men who work beneath the sur
face of the earth live almost as long
as those who cultivate its soil, the
rate among coal miners being so low
as 775, against 701 for farm labor
ers. The only plausible way for ac
counting for this is on the theory
that the inhalation of coal dust, so
far from being always injurious, as
has been supposed, may even act
beueficialljr in certain conditions.
This theory seems the more proba
ble from the fact that the mortality
among the copper and tin miners of
Cornwall is very high, reaching 1,
839, or more than double the rate
among coal miners. The class
which makes the worst showing of
all is that of inn and hotel servants,
whose rate mounts up to 2,262, the
reasons being that many of them are
broken down men when they become ;
servants, and that they suffer from
alcoholic excesses,which latter cause
makes the mortality among innkeep
ers, publicans, spirits, wine and beer
dealers 1,521 and among brewers 1,
361. The ^statistics dispel an an
cient fallacy of world wide accept
ance. that the butcher’s occupation
is a safeguard against consumption
and a highway to old age, the mor
tality from phthisis being unusually
high among butchers and their
death rate reaching 1,170. or consid
erably higher than the average of all
classes.—N. )'. Times.
FOR FARMERS.
-
rrom now mini wciuuim tuc jugs
should be kept growing. After that1
time a small allowance of corn may ;
be given in order to gradually begin ■
to fatten them. No attempt should
be made as yet to get them very fat. .
Secure the size and frame first, and i
put on the fat just before killing.
Give the late cabbages a good cul- !
tivating or hoeing as often as it can
be conveniently done. There is no
crop that responds so quickly to cul
tivation as the cabbage, and where
the land has been well managed it is |
a paying crop.
Cultivating the beets should still :
be done, as they will continue to j
grow until the frost shall appear.
Meets are relished by all classes of!
stock in winter, and plenty of them j
should be stored away. Carrots •
should also receive attention.
A pound of copperas, costing 3 |
cents,in a bucket of water, sprinkled
from a watering pot in the pig pen j
will provide a cheap and excellent1
disinfectant, and will also largely as
sist in preventing disease.
Experiments in England show
that by caponizinga cockerel on the
right side and removing the right I
member his progeny will consist en- j
tirely ol' pullets, while by caponizing
on the left side the progeny will con*
sist entirely of cockerels. If this be ;
true our poultrymen will hereafter j
be able to produce a preponderance j
of either sex, as preferred.
Poultry-yards should be on sand}*
soil, if possible,in ordertoavoid mud 1
or slush on the ground, as roup is
liable to break out in flocks that are
kept on damp locations. The yards
should be well drained, the surface
covered with sharp, fine gra '
vel, and cleaned off at least once ev- I
ery two weeks where the flock is
large.
It will astonish the farmers of the
East to learn that the Dal
rymple farm in Dakota received a j
consignment of 100 tons, or nine '
carloads, of binders’ twine for the
last wheat harvest. It gives some
idea of the vast crop of the Western
States and Territories to hear that j
one farm pays $20,000 for twine to j
birfd its wheat in bundles. Flow
much valuable grain would be lost
on this farm if the old hand-twisted ,
straw were used to keep the wheat
together? Still it will be a good ,
thing for the country when big farms
like the Dalrymple are cut up into
small ones.—Erie Herald.
Agricultural Report No. 37 sevs
down the number of milch cows in
this country in February as 14.522,
0S3. against 14,235,388 a jear ago, ’
an increase of 286,695. The value
is set down as $26.08 per head, a
shrinkage of $1.32 per head from
last year, and 52 cents below the av
erage value jf the last ten years.
Ad Iowa farmer put up twenty
one year-old hogs fon fattening, and
for the first twenty days fed them
on shelled corn, of which they ate
83 bushels. During this period they
gained 337 pounds, or upward of 10
pounds to the bushel of corn. lie
then fed the same hogs for fourteen
days on dry corn meal, during which
time they consumed 47 bushels, and
gained 535 pounds or Ilf pounds to
the bushel. The same hogs next
fed fourteen days on corn meal and
water mixed, consumed 554 bushels
of corn and gained 731 pounds, or
134 pounds of pork to the bushel.
He then fed them fourteen days on
corn meal cooked, and after consum
ing 45 bushels of the cooked meal,
the hogs gained 799 pounds, or very
nearly 15 pounds of pork to the
bushel of meal.—Halt. Am. Far
mer.
-<•
WORK OF THE YOUNG MEN’S
CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION.
A report of proceedings of the
twenty-seventh international con
vention of the Young Men’s Chris
tian Associations, which was held
at San Francisco from May 11 to
May 15, inclusive, was recently pub
lished in pamphlet form, together
with the year book for 1887. The
publication supplies much interest
ing information concerning the work
of the associations. . In the past
year conventions were held in 32
States, and during the past two
years 45 association buildings have
been added to the list, with a total
value of $1,219,080. Baltimore was
the first city in the country to pro
vide a special building for associa
tion purposes by an association, but j
there are now many handsome struc
tures, especially in the larger cities,
devoted to association work. There
are 1,0G4 local associations, employ
ing 664 secretaries and assistants.
The total value of buildings and
other real estate owned by associa
tions is $5,611,239. Reports from
corresponding members have been [
received as to the condition of asso- .
ciations in 4 foreign countries, 7 j
provinces and 34 States and Terri- :
tones, and 426 associations report |
libraries with an aggregate of 295,- j
606 volumes; 282 report 587 educa
tional classes in various branches of [
study; 503 report reading-rooms and ;
209 report attention to physical eul- 1
ture, 168 of them through gymnasi- '
urns. The most considerable ad
vance during the past two years, it j
is stated, has been made in the |
Southern States. Buildings have
been practically completed in Atlan
ta, Selma,Richmond and Lynchburg, j
with an aggregate value of $226,000.
In Texas at the date of t he last con
vention there could scarcely be said
to be a single working association, i
Now there are 21. It is stated in 1
the report of the international com
mittee that the secular departments
of.the work have not, as was antici- |
pated might be the ease, distracted .
the attention of the working force, I
the active members, from the relig
ious features, but that “as the asso
ciations have increased in wealth, as !
they have taken on and made avail
able one secular agency after an
other, they have yet advanced rap
idly in the acquisition of genuine
religious and spiritual power.”
A valuable discovery has been
made, whereby the faded ink on old '
parchments may be so restored as to
render the writing perfectly legible.
The process consists in moistening
the paper with water, and then pass- |
ing over the lines of writing a brush
which has been wet in a solution of
sulphide of ammonia. The writing
will immediately appear quite dark i
in color, and this color in the case of
parchment it will preserve. Records
which were treated in this way in
the Germanic Museum in Nurem
berg, ten years ago, are still in the 1
same condition as immediately after
the application of the process. On |
paper, however, the color gradually
fades again, but it maj be restored
at pleasure by the application of the
sulphide. The explanation of the
action of this substance is very sim
ple; the ;ron that enters into the
composition of the ink is transform- ,
cd by the reaction into the black
sulphide.
■■ — ♦ «•-- ■ ■ ■
The word “corner,” as applied to
a slock transaction, signifies the re
sult produced by a combination of
persons who, while secretly holding
the whole or greater part of any
stock, or species of property, induce
another combination to agree to de
liver to them a further quantity at
some future date. When the time
arrives the second combination, if
the “corner” succeeds,# suddenly
finds itself unable to buy the amount
of stock or property necessary to
enable it to fulfill its contracts, and
the first combination fixes at its own
will the price at which differences
must be settled. The “corner”
breaks when those who agree to de
liver succeed in procuring the stock
or property, and are thus enabled to
fulfill their contracts.
LIME AS A FERTILIZER.
Last summer a neighbor called
my attention to a narrow strip across
one of his oat-fields which was throw
or four inches taller than the rest,
and explained that the cause of iu
was “it had a small coat of lime fif
ty two 3’ears ago,” and yet it showed
on every crop to the present time.
If the land on which it is applied is.
extremely poor and there is no sod,
it should always have a little 111a
nure put on with it to give the
lime something to work on. It is
rather slow in its work. You seldom
ever see any benefit from its use till
3’ou sow in clover and then break up
the sod. And then there is no crop
on which it is not very beneficial.
Low, clay ground that is naturally1
wet and cold, unless perfectly under
drained, is a poor place for lime. It
shows much the best on high, dry,
gravelly soils. If low, wet ground
is plowed when not in proper order
on account of moisture where lime
has been used it seems to destroy its
effects entirely. Here'is a mistake
inan3’ farmers make. Because a
neighbor who has high lands can
plow, the3r will too, even if the watgr
runs after them in u furrow. The
amount to be used depends on the
former fertility of the ground to
which it is to be applied, the amount
you have on hand, the time you have
to spare without making your crop
late, etc. The old idea entertained
by^ our grandfathers that too much
would kill the ground is extremely
fallacious. We have used from 10(>
to 1,000 bushels per acre and never
lost a crop on account of putting on
too much. We usually use 300 to
400 bushels per acre, and then be
fore wc sow down in clover give a top
dressing of manure, which insures a
good catch. Then let it lie a couple
of 3'ears and put it in corn, and wo
never fail to get a crop.
Land that has been limed to a»3*
extent is scarcely ever troubled with
worms, which is no small item some
times. From past experience I
would say there is no hotter fertilizer
for au orchard than hot lime. If*
promotes the growth of trees, is de
structive to insects, and surely ben
efits the fruit. If a farmer can get,
the limestone he had better burn it.
himself, and then when lie wants to
use it, which is generally a very
bu83’ time of year, he will not have
to haul it for miles.—< ‘orretpmnlenrc
Ohio Fortner.
-» -
WRITERS FOR PAPERS.
The fashion of syndicates seem i
just now to be booming among the
daily papers, and it is not a bad
fashion as newspaper fashions go.
There are some papers that will never
fall into it, but there are others who
see in it a capital chance to give their
readers a vaiiety of reading matter
at small cost. There arc four or
five of these syndicates now flourish -
ing in New York which furnish news
to from lift)' to one hundred newspa
pers. Each syndicate makes a selec
tion of papers within a given locality
and furnishes no other paper in that
region with the same material, s«»
that, of course,the same readers don’t
run up against the same reading
matter. It is only the exchange read
er in newspaper offices who finds the
same story on every side. This syn
dicate business has arrived at such
proportions that the “special eorres
pondent” is becoming a thing of the
past. Every man who goes to a place
that is worth writing from thinks
that he might as well bo paid by fifty
as by one, so he puts himself in tin
hands of a syndicate and gets $75
or $100 a week for what, under other
circumstances, would only bring him
$10 or $15, possibly $20 or $2.7.
Most of these syndicates are man
aged by men who make it their exclu
sive business; but there are some
writers who are their own managers,
and are willing to take the extra
amount of trouble for the extra
amount of gain.—The X. Y. ('<>,. In
Record.
-►-§. --
Lucrezia Borgia was a daughter
of Pope Alexander VI. and di-tin
tinguished on account of her beau /
and talents. She was married fo
Giovanni Sforza, Lord of Pesaro, in
1493; to Alfonso, a natural son of
Alfonso, King of Naples, in I 19S.
and to Alfonso of Esto. a son of the
Luke of Ferrara, in 1501. 11< r con
duct gave rise to scandalous reports
which were generally believed Gy her
contemporaries. She patronized at
Ferrara several literary men, especi
ally Bembo, who celebrated her in
his works. “The compliments of
the literati whom she rewarded,”
says Sismondi, with covert sarcasm,
“seem at present to counterbalance
the unanimous testimony of the his
torians, who accuse her of infamous
conduct.” She died in 1523.
At 90 days of age, says an ex
change, lambs will net from $2 to $7
or more a head, according to quality;
and the business is just as profitable
as to keep them two or three years to
sell them for the same price per head
as wethers.
A mixture of marl,wood ashes and
rich earth makes an excellent ma
nure for young trees. No animal
manure should be used unless it be
completely decomposed.
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