OCR Interpretation


West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, September 23, 1887, Image 1

Image and text provided by West Virginia University

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85059778/1887-09-23/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

This paper aims to give tho
^4 people a character of infer
gcutly they will not be piim f I B^ mation that otherwise would
<h“ml: they cannot \ote mi- B B B a not reach them. It publishes
derstandingly unless papers ^ what others suppress,
like this are more circulated. PffrjflflB
Voi. 111.. No. XXXVlfl. ' CHARLESTOWN, JEFFERSON COUNTY. W. VA., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23,1887, Price3 Cents
BiliousnesS
Is an affection of the Liver, ami can be
thoroughly cured by that t.’rand
Kegulatoi of the Liver and
Biliary Organs,
Simmons Liter Regulator.
MANl’KACTCltKI* BY
i. H. ZEILUi 4 CO., Philadelphia. Pa.
• _ --
1 was afflicted tor several years
with disordered liver, which result
ed in a severe attack of jaundice. I
had as good medical attendance as
our section affords, who failed utter
ly to restore me to tin* enjoyment of
my former good health. 1 then tried J
the favorite prescription ol one of the
most renowned physicians of Is»uis
ville, Ky., but to no purpose; \\ here
upon I was induced t«» try Simmons
Liver Regulator. • I found immedi
ate l*enetit from its use, and it ulti
mately restored me to the full enjoy
ment of health.
A. H. SHIRLEY,
Richmond. Kv.
H 2ADACH 2
Proceeds from a Torpid Liver and Im
purities of the Stomach, it can be
invariably cured by taking
Simmons Liver Regulator.
o
l-et all who suffer remember that
SICK AND NERVOUS HEADACHES
Can be prevented by taking a dose as
soon as their symptoms indicate the
coming of an attack.
j ul y£*,eow-2m.
BUCK WOLF!
Or Black Lrptmiris a disease which is considered
Incurable, but it lias yielded to the curative prop
erties of Swift's Si-ecific—now known all over
the world as S. S s. Mrs. Bailey, of West Somer
ville, Mass., near lies: on. was at lacked several years
ago with this hideous black erupt ion, and was treat
ed by the best medical taleut, who could only sav
that the disease was a sj .-ci s of LEPROSY
and consequently incurable. It is imjiiwsible to de
scribe her sufferings, ller body from the crown of
her head to the soles of her feet was a mass of de
cay, the flesh rotting off and leaving great Canties,
der Angers festered and several nails dropped off
at one time. Her limbs contracted by the fearful
ulceration, and for rears she did not leave her bed.
Her weight was reduced from 125 to 60 lbs. Sane
faint idea of her condition can be gleam d fro-a
tne fact that three pounds of L'osrooline or oint
ment were used per week in dressing her sores.
Finally the physicians acknowledged their defeat
by this Black Wolf, and commended the sufferer
to her all wise Creator.
Her husband hearing wonderful reports of Sw ift's
Specific (S. S. S ). prevailed on her to try it as a
last resort. She began its use under protest, but
soon fonnd that her system was being relieved of
I he i>oi*on. as t he sores assumed! a red and healthy
color, a* though the blood was becoming pure and
active. ,Vt- Hailey eounnued the S S. S. until last
February; every sore was healed; she discarded
chair amt critic he*. mid was for the first time in 12
years aw! woman, ller husimnd, Mr. C. A. Bai
ley, Is in bu-ni'-s 17Black«tnne Street. Bos
ton. amt w i l i ike pleasure iu giving the details ot
this wonderful erne. Send to us for Treatise OB
Blood and bkm Di-vasts, mailed free.
'Sue fcwirr SrEctrtc Co., Drawer 3, At hint*
■sepdSMin
Merchant Tailoring.
Berryville, Virginia,
carries a full line of
Fine Woolens.
Coatings.
Fancy Cassimeres,
Silk iliwl ami Fancy Weds,
AND A ITMi MNK OF
i Ail work guaranteed to he as rep- ,
ri sent(Hl, and first-olass in tit ami stvw.
*
I . Having employed a cutter, who
in a graduate* of tin* John Mitc*lu*l t ut-j
ting School of New York, Icel coniident
in otfering our services to the citizens of
Jctlerson that we can give entire satis
faction and will use every means to give
our work a high reputation.
Satisfaction Guaranteed.
apr.!»,’S4V lv.
The Charlestown
MALE ACADEMY,
will commence it* next session
SEPTEMBER 7, 1S87
KI>M\ Xf> It. TAY !X>R, Principal.
julvl-«ui.
—--— IS ON RLE
_ at the rtice<»f
THE H. P. HUBBARD CO., Judb: >us Ad
vertising Agents & Experts, New Haven,Ct.
••'crij»J> Agtnts who cm Quota Out vary lo***!
■ e ~ •; ng ratea Ad*artiaama«t» da
t j'- J, proof* shown and att ma*e* of
*jst in ANY nawspapers,forwardad to
••■ponubto partis* upon appiiuat.n „
A 81’RGEON’S LIFE.
A Page From the Experience of a Fa
mous Physician and Surgeon.
From tlm Autobiography of the late l>r.
Gross.
I have always maintained that it
is impossible for any man to be a
great surgeon if he is destitute, oven
in a considerable degree, of the finer
feelings of our nature. I have often
lain awake for hours the night be
fore an important operation, and suf
fered great mental distress for days
after it was over, until I was certain
my patieut was out of danger. I do
not think that it is possible for a
criminal to feel much worse the night
In* fore his execution than a surgeon
when he knows that upon his skill
and attention must depend the fate
of a valuahlecitizen, husband, father,
mother or child. Surgery under such
circumstances is a terrible taskmas
ter, feeding, like a vulture upon a
man's vitals. It is surprising that
any surgeon in large practice should
ever attain to a respectable old age,
so great are the wear and tear of
mind and body.
The world has seen many a sad
picture. I will draw one of the sur
geon. It is midday; the sun is
bright and beautiful; all nature is
redolent of joy; men and women
crowd the street, arrayed in their
best, and all. apparently, is peace
and happiness within and without.
In a large house, almost overhang
ing this street so full of life and gay
ety, lies upon a couch an emaciated
figure, once one of the sweetest and
loveliest of her sex, a confiding and
affectionate wife, and the adored
mother of numerous children, the
subject of a frightful disease of one
of her limbs, or, it may be, of her jaw.
if not a still more important part of
her body. In an adjoining room is
the surgeou, with his assistants,
spreading out his instruments and
getting things in readiness for the
impending operation. lie assigns
to each his appropriate place. One
administers chloroform; another
takes charge of the limb; one screws
down tin* tourniquet upon the prin
ciple artery, and another holds him
self in readiness to follow the knife
with his sponge. The flaps are soon
formed, the hone severed, the vessels
tied, and the huge wound approxi
mated. The woman is pale and
ghastly, the pulse hardly perceptible,
the skin wet with clammy perspira
tion. the voice husky, the sight in
distinct. Some one whispers iuto
the car of the busy surgeou, “The
patient, I fear, is dying.” Restora
tives are administered, the pulse
gradually riscs,and after a few hours
of hard work and terrible anxiety
reaction occurs. The poor woman
was only faint from the joint influ
ence of the amcslhet-ic shock and loss
of blood. An assistant, a kind of
sentinel, is placed as a guard over
her, with instructions to watch her
with the closest care, and to send
wort) the moment the slightest I
change for the worse is |*orceived.
The surgeon goes about Ins busi
ness, visits other paticntson the way,
and at length, louir alter the usual
hour, he sits down, worried and cx
hausted, to his cold and comfortless
meal, with a mouth almost as dry
ami a voice is husky as his patient s.
He eats mechanically, exchanges
hardly a word with anv member of
his family, and sullenly retires to his
study, to prescribe for his patients—
never, during all this time, forget
ting the poor mutilated object be
left a few hours ago. He is about to
lie down to get a mement’s repose
after the severe toil of the day, when
suddenly he hears a loud ring of the
bell, and a servant, breathless with
excitement, begs his immediate
presence at the sick chamber with
the exclamation, “They think Mrs.
-is dying." He hurries to the
scene with rapid pace and anxious
feeling. The stump is of a crimson
color, and the patient lies in a pro- j
found swoon. An artery has sud- j
denlv given way; the exhaustion is
extreme; cordials and stimulants are
at once brought into requisition, the
dressings are removed, and the rc- i
cusant vessel is promptly secured.
The vital current ebbs and flows,
teaetiou is still more tardy than be
fore. and it is not until a late hour
of the night that the surgeon, liter
ally woru out in mind and body, re- 1
tires to his home in search of repose.
Does he sleep V He tries, but lie can
not close his eyes. His mind is
with his patient; he hears every j
footstep upon the pavement under
his window, and is in momentary ex
pectation of the ringing of the night
bell. He is disturbed by the wildest
fancies, he secs the most terrific ob
jects, and, as he rises early in the
morning to hasten to his patient’s
chamber, he feels that he has been j
cheated of the rest of which lie stood
so much in need. Is this picture |
overdrawn? I have sat for it a
thousand times, and there is not an !
educated, conscientious surgeon that |
will not certify to its accuracy.
Proud :»nd toohighh extolled me
diocrity provokes the resentment of
men of rf»’ superiority.
Hy :i new process ti thousand,
shades of color can he printed at once.
INSTRUCTIVE PARAGRAPHS.
A Spider’s Babies—Food-Seeking Shells
—The Maguey Plant.
Our esteemed contemporary, the
Millstone, has ground out a readable
grist as follows:
The parental love of the spider is
very strong. The female carries,
suspended on her legs, a small bag
containing the eggs, which resemble
white bt:ads. It the bag is pushed
away with a straw or stick the crea
ture will make the most d»sperate
effort to recover it. A spider was
once found whose back appeared to
have a granulated surface, but closer
examination showed that she was
entirely covered with her young. On
trying to shake them off they at
tached themselves to their mother
by a thread, and on throwing them
to the ground she remained perfectly
quiet until they had all pulled them
selves back by means of their ex
temporized cable, and spread them
selves over her body as before.
iou sometimes see suells along]
our shores having a hole in their
side. This hole is perfectly round, I
and is beveled or counter-sunk. It
seems to have been made artificially
and with great care. How is it to
be accounted for? Another shell, the
common cockle, which is found in
great numbers all along our shores,
has done the mischief. It has a
tongue, furnished with rows of teeth,
giving it a resemblance to a file.
When the little creature is hungry
it finds another shell containing a
living inhabitant. It at once fas
tens itself to it, and by means of its
tceth-covered tongue commences bor
ing a hole, and continues at this em
ployment until it has gotten through
the shell to the living inhabitant
within. This is what it was after.
It lias found its food, and can now
at its leisure make its meal.
The maguey plant of Mexico has
many uses. It is eaten cut up and
preserved like melon rinds. Its
long, tough fibre is extensively used
in making ropes and cordage. The
end of each leaf terminates in a hard,
sharp, black thorn. Break off this
thorn and strip down the fibres at
tached to it and you have a capital
needle and thread for coarse sewing.
This the muleteers use to mend
their saddles and broken harness
straps. The juice of the plant fer
mented is the famous pulque. The
pulque is best in these high regions.
It is a viscous milk-white fluid, very
wholesome and sustaining, and
would be a most agreeable drink if
it “tasted good.” In fact, it tastes,
when it fias been a few days fer
mented, like a mixture of butter
milk and sour cider. Many stran
gers become very fond of it. The
older it grows the more intoxicating
it is.
AjNT.W HOOTMAKING SYSTEM.
A new system of bootmaking has
been perfected in which the method
of securing the soles, uppers and in
soles together is the exact reverse
of the ordinary wholesale system.
In the latter the uppers are attach
ed to the insoles by small tacks, the
points of which in time protude into
the wearer's feet, besides which their
use is accompanied by other disad
vantages. The sole is then scored
or channeled round to receive the
stitching, by which it is, of course,
weakened and its water-resisting
power greatly reduced. In the “Ab
Intra" system the tacks are deftly
put into the insole by a handy ma
chine, the flat heads of the nails be
ing flush with the surface of the in
sole and toward the wearer's feet.
The insole is then placed on the last
with the points upward, and the up
per is pulled over them and made
fast by means of a hollow tool, with
which the operator passes down the
leather over the point of each nail.
The sole is then placed over the pro
truding points of the nails and ham
mered down, a few smart blows serv
ing to secure the sole to the upper
and insole. So perfectly are the
three united that it requires tools
and great force to separate them.
The secret of this great cohesive
power lies in the form of a nail,
which has a shoulder near its point
and in section resembles an open
harpoon Hence, when driven into
the leather, the latter closes over the
shoulder of the nail and delies all
but the most severe efforts to extract
it. After the sole lias been secured
the boot is finished in the usual way,
the time occupied in fixing the sole
being about half that required in
the ordinary machine boot process
The value of the system is strongly
attested by practical boot manufac
turers, and it appears likely to effect
a marked change in the condition ot
the wholesale boot manufacturing
trade.— London Times.
HOW TO TRAIN A CANARY.
Our Dumb Animals.
Set the cage on a table near where
you wish to sit; after a little confer
ence with the bird introduce a finger
between the wires near the favorite ;
perch, holding it there patiently,
yourself occupied with book or paper
the while. Presently, as it shows
no disposition to harm him, he can
tiously goes up to examine it. I ben
he picks to ascertain its qualit}’;
maybe he fights it. That is well;
he no longer fears it. Pa}7 him with
a little bird food: put him away.
Next day try him again. He may
go farther and light on it, or he may
l>c several days getting thus famil
iar. Be patient. Once this step is
attained, vary the programme by in
troducing the linger in other spots.
He will soon light on it at any point
or angle. Then try the door, at first
thrusting the finger under it; next
time fasten it open, blockading
egress with the rest of the hand as
one finger extends within. When
he perches on it draw him forth a
little; next time tempt him to the
perch outside a little, and so on.
In a short time you have but to open
the cage door. Uplift a finger. And
he is sure to tly to it; and he may
thus be called to any part of the room
to rest on the familiarly perch. Most
birds learn this familiarity in a few
days, yet there are those who will be
two or four weeks about it.
-►- ■%—«-—
THE SQUAT AND SWARTHY
ITALIANS.
One who lias watched them and
studied their ways says that the Ital
ian laborers on the railroads in this
country live principally on rj’c-bread,
macaroni and pork. They earn $1.20
per day, and as they never lose any
time they get from $30 to $35 per
month. From this the board bill is
deducted. Their expenses for the
month generally run between $5 and
$6. Some live on less, but when a
man spends $7 or $S per month lie
is considered as living very extrava
gantly. They come from the north
ern part of Italy, from the region
near the Alps. Very few of them
come from nnv part of Italy south of
Rome, for in that part of the coun
try there is a great deal of tilling of
soil, a great many viuoyards and a
great deal of work. The poorer
classes of Italians are to be found
in the northern part of Italy, where
work is scarce and where the men
are always ready to come to this
country. This is pretty severe coin j
petition with American workiuginen,
especially when the latter own prop
erty, pay taxes and give their chil
dren nil education.—Boston Travel
er.
FOR FARMERS.
The kind of sheep to keep depends
on the soil and pasturage. The
Southdown is the best breed to cross
with native ewes that are made to
forage a great portion of the time.
Merinos do better in large flocks than
do the heavy mutton sheep. Heavy
breeds cannot range as easily as the
small sheep, and therefore require
more attention. I'sing the improv
ed breeds for crossing means that a
larger allowance of food must be
given if success is expected.
Popcorn is sold by weight, and
commands a ready sale. As poultry
food . is better than any other kind
of corn, as it is not so rich in fat and
contains a larger proportion albumi
noids. Although the ears are small,
yet a crop of popcorn produces near
ly as much as the larger varieties, as
it contains a larger number of ears to
the stalk, while more stalks can also
be grown on a hill.
Do not wean the late pigs too soon,
but feed the sow more, so as to give
the pigs a good start. They can
safely remain with the sow until they
are eight weeks old, but as a large
litter will soon cause her to become
very thin in llesli she should be fed
early and often, while the pigs should
also be given all the skim milk they
wish as soon as they are old enough
to cat.
There is nothing that will fatten
a pig as quickly as sweet potatoes.
They are superior to corn for that
purpose. Pick out those that are
maketahle and boil the culls for the
pigs. They may be given to steers
also, and can be fed raw or cooked.
The value of the hen manure from
a single bird for one yiar is estimat
ed at 15 cents. At this rate the to
tal value of the manure from all the
poultry in the country in 18S0 would
be $19,000,000. The total value of
the fertilizers manufactured during
the same year was $23,G50,795.
Any animal giving milk requires
frequent watering. While many cows
in winter will only drink once or
twice a day, they will in summer re
qitire water three times—morning,
noon and night—and drink heartily
each time. The water, even in sum
mer, is better for standing where it
will be nearly blood warm.
The people of Siberia buy their
milk frozen, and for convenience it
is allowed to freeze about a stick,
which comes as a handle to eafry
it by. The milkman leaves one
chunk or two chunks, as the case
may be, at the house of bis custom
ers.
A practical farmer says that in ;
setting posts where great solidity is
required lie uses gravid and small j
stones to fill around the posts and .
then runs in thin water-lime mortar,
thus virtually imbedding the post j
in rock, preventing decay and insur- J
ing solidity.
nOIIDATS m JAPAN.
FIVE NATIONAL FESTIVAL DAYS, IN
CLUDING NEW YEAR’S.
The "Festival of tho Dolls”—Family
Banquet—A “Feast of tho Banners” for
the Boys—Feasts of tho “Lanterns” and
“Chrysanthemums.”
The Japanese have many festive (lays,
and. unlike most heathen nations, are ex
ceedingly devoted to the children, sparing
neither time, labor nor expense for their
amusement. Even their system of edu
cation is made a source of pleasure, and
corporal punishment is a thing unknown
in the family. Masquerades, domestic
comedies, picnics and many feast (lays are
on ’ led and observed for the benefit of tho
lit! 1 * f.»lks; but I have observed that it is
u tdnv.vd method of enjoymeut for tho
elders also.
There nro five national festival days, in
cluding New Year's, which, under the old
laws, was not licgnn with ours, but on tho
l)th day of February.
The second is called tho “Festival of the
Dolls,’’and is a great day for the little
girls, during which the various specimens
of dollhood are conducted iuto the state
chamber of the house, which is beautifully
decorated with blooming peach boughs and
evergreens. These favorite automatons
pro made to personify grand personages,
from tho ancient mikado and his court to
the various families of the princes.
For days liefore this greatest of great
days to tire daughters of the house, the
shops are gay with splendidly dressed im
ages; but after the festival they disappear
and arc seen no more till another year re
news the demand for them. Every re
Bpcctable family has a number of dolls of
various sizes, ranging from four inches to
a foot and a hplf in height. When a
diitighter is lxmi to the household, a pair
of dolls is purchased, with which she plays
until she becomes a grown up girl. When
6hc marries these are taken to her hus
band’s liojne, and in turn given to her
children. In this way a great number is
accumulated, if many daughters are lwrn
into the family.
A FAMILY BANQUET.
Then comes a family banquet, and after
ward the girls make offerings of saki (rico
beer) and rice cakes to tho effigies of tho
emperor and empress, and spend the day
mimicking tho entiro round of Japanese
life, as child, maiden, wife, mother and
grandmother. Other toys, representing
the table service, utensils of tho kitchen,
toilet sets and traveling apparatus, many
of these very elaborate and costly, are in
use on this day. This festival is cele
brated on the 8d of May.
On tho 5th of July occurs a corre
sj>onding feast for the boys. Previous to
this the shops are again gay with toys
suited for tiie “Feast of tho Banners.”
These consist of all tho regalia and equip
ments of a daimio’s (priuce’s) procession;
the contents of an arsenal—flags, stream
er*. banners, effigies of heroes, warriors,
eoldiers on foot, horsemen, genii of
strength, valor, etc. Such toys aro bought
for every son born into the family, hence
the display is often very imposing and
brilliant. The streets arc gayly decorated
and planted with bamboo staffs, which nro
ornamented and trimmed with every de
vice of oddity. Gay banners are placed
at all conspicuous points, blazoned with
national designs, heroic sentences and
family titles. Troops of boys in parti
colored clothes, wearing miniature swords
and sabers and each carrying a flag,
throng the streets, while parents, priests
und police look on In admiration.
A LARGE PAPER FISII.
Outside of tho door of each home a
bamboo pole is erected, and hung by a
string to the top of the pole is a large pa
per lLsli, representing a carp, which tho
Japanese consider the type of swiftness
and strength. Tla* paper, being hollow,
is easily filled by the breeze, and tho huge
body flaps its tail and fins in a most natu
ral manner.
On the 11th of September is held the
“Feast of the Lanterns,” which is observed
in solemn pomp by processions to and
from the tombs at night, and always im
presses tho looker on as a most tender
tribute to the dead. Then followo the
Flower Day, or “Feast of tho. Chrysan
themums,” occurring on the Oth of Novem
ber, when flowers aro displayed in great
profusion and given away to every one as
tokens of good will.
N*-w Year’s Day is not altogether a
holiday. The national Idea of justice is
shown by the law requiring all debts to
be adjusted at the beginning of the year.
Therefore, no one gives himself up to un
restrained enjoyment on this day until his
accounts arc satisfactorily arranged.—
Helen II. Thompson in Tho Cosmopolitan.
Life iu Morocco.
The suburbs of Tangier are beautiful.
Tliorc are exquisite gardens with high
hedges of geraniums and heliotropes, beds
of roses of every hue and innumerable
small flowers unknown in your country.
Figs, apricots, pomegranates, pears,
plums, olives, dates and walnuts grow in
luxuriance. So do oranges and lemons:
the former arc far superior to those found
In California nnd Florida, and I have seen
them soil here at t hree cents a dozen. The
markets arc good, fish being abundant.
Fine large roe shad bring from fifteen tc
twenty cents each; sole the same; Spanish
mackerel from ten to twelve cents each;
small fish five cents a pound; meat from
five to nine cents; capons twenty-five cents
each; chickens twelve to fifteen cents
each; eggs lift}* cents per 100 iu Bummer
and ninety cents in winter, as largo and
fresh as any at home. Milk and butter
are not goal, for some reason which I have
not been able to find out, but in all prol*
ability the cow3 have degenerated since
the time when Ham brought his share
here from Noah's settlement of his estate.
The cream and butter is not fit for Chris
tians to eat. A goal (?) cow, costing here
£20, will giv® an average of two quarts a
dnv until she goes dry, and miserable,
tasteless stuff It is, on which no cream ;
rises nnd which sours in eight hours I .
use goats entirely, and from a good pair of !
nannies, provided I keep them well fed
can get eight quarts of good milk a day.—
Tangier Cor. Philadelphia Call.
__
Lake Superior’s ‘‘Flower Pot.”
"There is a curious island in McKay's |
harbor on the north shore of Lake Snpe- i
rior," said Cnpt. Johnson of the steamer
Undine. "It is called the Flower Pot, 1
and is a giant rock rising out of the water. ,
Thu rock is covered with moss which par
tially hides the many large and dangerous
crevices running across the island. If a
man falls into one of these he cannot get
out without assistance. Several Indians i
have gone to the island and never return- ,
cd, probably perishing in this way, and
now the Indians will not go near It. It
swarms with rabbits and partridges, and
when I brought some partridges over to !
the main laud Mr. McKay said he liad
lived ten years at the harbor and never «i
foot on the island."—Toronto Globe.
Some men with abundant intellect <
and courage, lack a reserve and dig
nity that ever-awes lesser minds.
Queer Notions of the Saxons.
Our Saxon ancestors appear to have dev
voted considerable attention to the sub
ject of their hair. Though ignorant of
macassar oil, they discovered that dead
bees burned to ashes and seethed in oil
with leaves of willow would stop hair
from falling off, but should the hair be
too thick, then must a swallow be burned
to ashes under a tile and the ashes be
sprinkled on the head. But in order
altogether to prevent the growth of hair
emmet’s eggs rubbed on the place are
found an effectual depilatory—“never
will any hair come there.” Excellent
i) l«n as a cure for deafness is the juice of
emmet’s eggs crushed, or else the gall of
a goat, or, in extreme cases, boar’s gall,
bull’s gall and buck’s gall mixed in equal
parts with honey and dropped into the
ear, sometimes with -the addition of very
pasty ingredients. But if earwigs had
entered in, then the sufferer is bidden to
* ‘take the inickle great windlestraw with
two edges, which waxes in liighways,
chew it into the ear; he, the earwig, will
soon lje off.”
Even this poor insect was turned to
account. One prescription desires that
“the bowels of an earwig be pounded
with the smede of wheaten meal and the
netherward (i. e. root) of marche, and
mingled with honey.” For a hard tumor
or swelling, goat’s flesh burned to ashes
and smudged on with water is found to
be efficacious, as are also shavings off the
horn of a hart to disperse ill humors and
gatherings. Wood ashes seethed in resin
or goat’s horn burned and mingled with
water, or its dung dried and grated and
mingled with lard, were all good reme
dies for swellings. For erysipelas tho
prescriptions are numerous. A plaster
of earthworms, or of bullock’s dung still
warm, is recommended; but better still,
I “for that A, take a swallow’s nest,
break it away altogether, and burn it,
with its dung and all; rub it to dust,
mingle with vinegar, and smear there
with.” For pain of jowl, burn a swal
low to dust, and mingle him with field
bee’s honey. Give the man that to eat
frequently.—Nineteenth Century.
The Wat Umbrella Joke.
The old practical joke of a half dozen
young fellows raising dripping wet um
brellas in the main doorway of a publio
hall at tho close of an entertainment be
fore a crowded house on a starlight night,
was played with entire success a few even
ings ago in Harlem. The news of tho
unexpected and most unwelcome storm*
was communicated to others by those of
the audienco who first saw the umbrellas,
and in that way it became the exciting
and exclusive subject of conversation
throughout the building. Gentlemen
carefully covered their silk tiles with
their handkerchiefs, rolled up the ends of
the legs of their trousers and turned up
their coat collars. Ladies prepared them
selves in the conventional way for a pro
voking walk to the cars, and others sent
their gallant escorts flying after umbrel
las, coaches and waterproofs. In about
ten minutes the real state of things, the
pretty how to do, had been discovered,
and then camo unbounded hilarity and u
resolve on the part of the weatherbound
boys to try it on somewhere themselves.
—New York Times.
Lumber In Asiatic Turkey.
Thero is said to be a very promising
opening for lumbermen in the northern
portion of Asiatic Turkey. Tho principal
kinds of wood supplied are the box and
walnut tree, which fetch, on an average,
160 francs a ton, delivered on the sea
shore, and oak of various qualities, tho
price of which varies between GO and 75
francs per cubic meter, delivered at any
place in Europo, where the price is at
present 120 and 180 francs. Thero arc,
beside, many beech trees, which are used
for making petroleum barrels. What is
requirAi is enterprise on a large scale;
that is to say, the purchaso of whole for
ests, or of trees, according to option, by a
man who resides at Tiflis or at Batoum,
and who knows the language and usages
of the country. Contracts with tho Ar
menians and princes of tho country
should bo avoided. In short, a lucrative
business may be done in tho Caucasus;
but it must bo conducted with intelli
gence, and with the assistance of suitable
persons who are acquainted with tho
country, customs and language. —Chicago
Times.
Too Clover School Uoj*.
Although boys are often rather hard in
their treatment of each other, they cer
tainly alwayB stick together when ono of
their party is in trouble. There are hun
dreds of instances of this, but a most
amusing one occurred whilst Dr. Vaughan
was head master of Harrow. He was
returning late one evening from a dinner
party when ho caught sight of one of his
pupils, who was talcing a walk when he
ought to have been in bed. The moment
the boy saw Dr. Vaughan be ran for his
lifo. Off started tho master In hot pur
suit, and bo just succeeded in seizing his
pupil by his coat tails. After a good
many struggles the boy escaped, but he
left one tail in the doctor’s liands. The
master made sure that he would find out
the culpit next morning by his coat, but
when he entered the school every boy of
the sixth form had only ono tail to his
coat, so the offender escaped punish
ment.—Manchester Times.
Our First Mall Service.
The first record contained in our colo
nial history of any kind of mail service
dates from 1677, when the court at Bos
ton appointed Mr. John Hayward "to
take in and convey letters according to
their direction.” In 1710 Parliament
passed an act to establish a general post
office for all her majesty’s dominions,
including North America, New York be
ing made the chief letter office of the
colonies. The rates of postage for all
letters and packages from New York to
any place within sixty miles were as fol
lows: Single letters, four pence: double,
eight pence; treble, one shilling; an
ounce, one shilling and four pence.—
Magazine of American History.
Fond of Hot Weather.
Humboldt, in his “Aspects of Nature,”
describes a day be passed near the rapids
of the Orinoco river, wiien the mercury
in the thermometer registered 122 degrees
in the shade. All the rocks, lie says,
were covered with an immense number
of iguanas and spotted salamanders, and
these cold Wooded creatures, with raised
heads and widely gaping moutlis, inhaled
the heated afr with delight.—New York
Telegram.
Solon said, he gave the Athenians,
not the best laws, biit the best they |
would receive.
MANIA OF THE MALAY. *
The Strange and Terrible Hysterical Aft*
feet I on Called “Banning Amncb.”
“Running amuck” is a pbraoc derived
from tho Malay uford “amok” (“kill*
ing”) and constitutes a well market)
hysterical affection of certain races in*
habiting oriental countries. It Ls rarely^
if ever, manifested among the tom^
! jicred Hindoos, and but soldo;:! amoBflj
; the Indian Mussulmans which. wImm
ever it does occur it) Hind- t:ui, th>
malady may genernlh be traced to ttd|
abuse of opium or tho extrac t of heap
called bhang, ganju jt charms. Dm
Hindoo tobacconist sells a sjxvial eonfM*
tion made of bhang, opium, datuv%
cloves, mastic, cinnamon and cards*, .
mums, which is mixed with milk and
sugar and eaten ns a sweetmeat. Thin
diabolical cako—known os majuni—will
drive a man mod about us soon os any*
thing. With the Malays however, who
have given a name to the terrible mental
aberration of which we speak, and who
ore by far the most addicted to it of all
eastern people, there is Beldom any
such explanation of tho outbreak*
Suddenly, without rhyroo or reason*
a man will spring up from his sltop
board or his couch, draw his kris—th»
wave bladed dagger wliich they all carry
—and,with a scream of “Amok! Amok!'*
striko its point into tho heart of the near*
est wayfarer and dart down the crowded
bazar like the lunatic which he is, stab*
Inng and cutting on all 6idos. “Amokf
Amok!” issues from a hundred mouths*
and everybody hurries for a place of rst
age, fleeing in nil directions, except thoso
bolder spirits who snatch up weapons of
defense and join the armed throng which
pursues tho desperado. Tlie path of tho
chase is soon strewn with bodies of men*
women and children, dead or bleeding to
death, until some lucky shot or daring
thrust disables the murderer, who is
pierced with a dozen blades as soon as bo
falls to the ground. Occasionally it
turns out that the “amoker” 1ms received
some pereonal affront or injury or waa
hopelessly in debt or disappointed in loint
but moro commonly thero is nothing
whatever to account for tho wild fury of
his proceedings, and the street Bweepera
drag his carcass as carelessly away as if
a leopard had been slain in tlie pnblio
streets. So ordinary, indeed, is tlie o>
currence that in many towns and citija
where thero lives a large Malay popult*
lion, an instrument is kept in readiness ut
every police station called the * ‘amok«B
catcher.” It is something like an cat
spear with a very long liandlo, and so
contrived that two elastic pointed spik<*
close nround the mad man’s neck, and
secure him helplessly when the iron
prongs are pushed against tho napo from
behind.
Neither rank nor wealth keeps a Malay
from tiiis sudden access of homicidiil
mania if ho has the predisposition or h:4
been greatly excited. There was an in
stance at Salatiga, in the island of Java,
where the regent was celebrating tho
marriage of two of his daughters, an I
everybody was in a fesjivo and joyor*
mood. Just, however, at the gayest un
mcnt of the ceremonies the regent'•
brother-in-law, a high official, camo rubb
ing through tho procession, stabbin?
everybody ho could get at with his jewel* 1
kris. Tho regent himself, coming up t »
inquire into the uproar, wna killed by .1
single thrust, and it was the brother * f
the prince who ran the “mokor” througi
the back with a spear and brought him
down, yet not before lie had slaughtere l
nine of tho palace people and wound* l
six others more or less severely.
It might be supposed that a race su‘ «
joct to such ferocious fits would bo nut
urally excitable and nervous in manw-t ,
but the contrary is tho case. The Mala '
is of all men tho most quiet, dignified au> l
slow of speech and action in his ordinal /
life. He seldom iqieaks loudly or quick);,,
has the most courtoous and even genii »
demeanor and quarrels very rarely witU
his fellows. Yet he is coldly and silent 1 *
cruel; lias no regard for human life at l
derives from the Mohammedan fait!.,
which he professes, its bitterest and mo- ;
relentless dogmas. Once started on Lh »
“death run” by insult, despair or bow-*
brain trouble, his only thought is to “kilt
and kill and kill,” and in the fierce ex
ultation of his insanity he docs not fc« 1
the blow wliich lets out his burning bloo-l
and puts a stop to his dreadful career. -
London Telegraph.
Need* of Civilised Dogs.
There is a certain responsibility nbou&
keeping pets that few people think oi.
An animal whom we enslave and for*-.* '
into an unnatural life for our own pl*»a*-?
uro. lias a right to demand of us ns mutli
variety and happiness as wo can giv.»
him. Nothing short of absolute nbe i
can be more cruel than to confine ti> t
active, open air loving dog in a drawing
room with positively nothing to occupy
himself with but eating and sleeping.
There arc two things wliich he shoui l
always have, at whatever inconvenient i
to his mistress—a daily run out of dooi i
tnot an airing in a carriage), and alwuy »
free access to windows looking upon (1m
street. Tho civilized dog takes quite i
much interest ns his mistress, when si. t
happens to be shut up in the house, hi
watching tho drama of life as it unfold *
itself in tho streets.
“It is not fashionable to look out < f
windows,” do I hear? Very true; bus
tho best trained dogs have a nrovokin£
way of stopping just short of elegant Ini •
man manners. A very attractive siglib
to me a few days ago was a pair of euor •
mous young St. Bernard dogs sitting on i
in each front window of an uptown r*-i
dence, looking with the most absorbing
interest upon the doiygs in the street.
They were a much more cliarming win
dow ornament than anything their mis
tress could have placed behind tl»*»
glass.—Harper's Bazar.
Trip Around the World.
Ernest Michel, tlie noted French travc I
ler who has just made a trip around tlri
world in 240 days, says tliat this jourrx /
ra\y now be made much more cheap!/
nnd comfortably than a few years ug *,
and tliat transportation facilities on st k
and land have so greatly improved tlir «
even this limited time afford* many od«
vantages for study and ddihe! ate sight *
seeing. As for the expense, he says tlml
the journey around the woild can b*
comfortably made by tlicsc v. !,o knot/
how to travel at a cost of a day. For
$2 ,000 lie Bays the trip can be made witll
the greatest comfort. Ilis estimate, bow •
ever, does not leave much margin for th§
purchase of knick knocks and 60uvenirs
of the journey.—New York Sun.
. »■» mmn ■■ >
The laws are like cobweb*;
flics arc caught, the groat brea’c
through.

xml | txt