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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, September 30, 1887, Image 1

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This paper aims to giv,ethe
It the masses vote intelli* people a character of ftrfor
gently they will not be plun- mation that otherwise would
dered; they cannot vote nn- not reach them. It publishes
derstandingly unless papers what others suppress,
lik^ this are more circulated.
Vot. Ill • No. XXX1X7 _ CHARLESTOWN. JEFFERSON COUNTY. W. VA.. FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER 30. 1887._Price 3 Cents
_ _——^^^^^■ .. . . ■ ~ •
A FAULTLESS FAMILY MEDICINE.
“I have used Slmm ms Liver Reg
ulator for many years, haying made
it my only Family Medicine. Mv
mother before me was partial to it.
It is a safe, good and reliable medi
cine for an v disorder of the system,
and if used in time is a great pre
ventive of sickness. I often recom
mend it to my friends, and shall
continue to do so.
“Rev. Janies M. Rollins,
“Pastor M. E.Church, So. Fairfield,Va.”
TIME AND DOCTORS’ BILLS SAVED
by always keeping Simmons Liver
Regulator in the house.
“I have found Simmons Liver Reg
ulator the best family medicine I
ever used for anvthingthat may hap
pen; have used it in Indigestion,
Colic, Diarrhoea, Biliousness, and
found it to relieve immediately.
After eating a hearty supper, if, on
going to lied, I take about a tea
spoonful, I never feel the effects of
the supper eaten.
“OVID G. SPARKS,
“Ex-Mayor, Macon, Ga.”
I3TOXLY GENUINE
has our Z Stamp in red on front of W rap
per
J. H. Zeilin & Co., Philadelphia, Pa.,
SOLE PROPRIETORS, Price, $1.00.
August Schulte, ' F. 1* Pkdnkaux,
Painter. . ! Smith.
BLACK VOLF!
Or Black Leprosy, is a disease which is considered
incurable, but it lias yielded to the curative prop
erties of Swirr s Srcrinc—now known all over
the world as S. S. S. Mrs. Bailey, of West Somer
ville. Mass., near Bcston. was attacked severalyears
ago with this hideous black eruption, and was treat
ed by the best medical talent, who could only sav
that the disease was a species of LEPROSY
and consequently incurable. It is impossible to de
scribe her suffering^ Her body from the crown of
her head to the soles of her feet was a mass of de
cay, the flesh rotting off and ieaving great cavities.
dtt fingers festered and several nails dropped oil
jt one time. Her limbs contracted by the fearful
ulceration, and for years she did not leave her bed.
Her weight was reduced from 125 to 60 lbs. Sorv
faint idea of her condition can be glean, d frota
the fact that three pounds of Cosmoline or oiut
ment were used per week in dressing her sores,
finally the physicians acknowledged their defeat
by this Black YVolf, and commended the sufferer
to her all wise Creator.
Her husband hearing wonderful reports of Sw ift's
Specific (S S. S >. prevailed ou her to try it as a
last resort. She began its use under protest, but
soon found that her system was being relieved of
the poison, as t he sores assumed a red and healthy
color, u- though the bleed was becoming pure and
active. .V i - tv.iiey continued the 8. S. a. until last
Ktbrua- , t . sole was he.i.id; she discarded
chair a. i«i.. t •- a:.'l was for the tii-t time in 12
years a " man. Hi” husband. Mr. C. A. Bai
ley. is in b ; -s at 1< % lil ickstone Street. Bos
I*m, and a ■ iugreiug the detail* ot
this ui isV .il CD so»d to ns for Treatise efi
B'.ood and bwui Bista^cs, mailed free.
Xue Swirr Srcciric Co., Drawer 3, Allan t* Oe
gep.2'-lni
the valley
-1)
COL. K. PRESTON CHEW, President,
1»h. W. F. ijmTT, Superintendent,
II.C. Washington,Secretary,
Rout. Chkw, General Agent.
Charlestown, Jefferson County, YY est
Y'irginia.
Offer for the Fall Trade their old
brands, which always sneak for them
selves, ami have held their own for so
many years that no certificates are ne
cessary. They are
SHENANDOAH
Ground Sone,

Basis, 2', per cent. Ammonia, 32 per
cent. Bone Phosphate.
. .YTIElGIlsriAv.,
3', per cent. Ammonia, 25 percent. Bono
Phosphate. •
POTOMAC,
percent. Ammonia,28percent. Bone
Phosphate, 3 per cent. Potash.
VALLEY BONE,
l's per cent. Ammonia,25 percent. Bono
Phosphate, and 3 per cent. Potash.
ALKALINE,
l£k per cent. Bone Phosphate and 3 per
cent- Potash
Those who demand a low priced good*
will find the
Valley Bene and Alkaline Phos
phates
unequalled for the money. We have a
large stock of absolutely
Pure Fine Ground Bone,
Pure Dissolved Animal Bone,
Dissolved South Carolina,
our own make, l>oth No. 1 articles. Call
at the mill and sec their drilling condi
tion. Kanil and other Potash Salts, Ni
trate ot Soda and other Chemicals
PURE BLUE WINDSOR PLASTER,
freshly ground, always on hand.
£«T Mixtures and private formulas
prepared on short notice, and of the best
materials.
|Tf~ BONES WANTED in large or
small quantities.
julyVS7.
THE GEORGE MOVEMENT.
The Academy of Music is the lar
gest hall in New York; it seats 3,500
people comfortably and, with aisles
and lobbies crowded, would hold per
haps 4,500. Every Sunday night
this hall is filled to itscapacity with
the workiug men of that city, well
dressed and orderly, who come to
hear McGlynn, George, Penticost or
some other of theorators of the anti
poverty society. About one in ten
of the audience are women. rl he
Rev. Hugh 0. Pentecost is by far the
most eloquent of these speakers and,
next to Dr. McGlynn. is the idol of
the masses in the metropolis. He
is about forty, somewhat frail and
speaks with an earnestness, felicity
of expression and emphasis that stirs
a crowd to the highest pitch of ex
citement. When lie came on the
stage last Sunday night week there
was, at first, a slight ripple of ap
plause and then, as if moved by sud
den phrensy, the entire audience
stood up shouting, waving hats and
handkerchiefs for certainly three and
possibly five minutes;—it is within
bounds to say. it was eight minutes
before the welcome ended and suffi
cient quiet restored for his first
words to be heard. We give some
extracts from the address delivered,
on the occasion referred to, by this
remarkable man who, unless some
unexpected event takes him from the
rostrum, will, within the next two
years, command larger audiences
than any other public speaker in the
country:
Mr. Chairman Ladies and Gentle
men: I hold in my hands it copy
of a book that is to be found upon
the pulpit cushion of every church
in the land to-night. It may also
usually be found upon the marble
top center table in most households.
It is often a wedding present: it is
frequently locked together with a
clasp and very rarely unlocked.
There are a tew, however, who read
this book, and a few of you will rec
ognize the words which I am now
about to read from it.
••i.av not up for yourselves treasures
upon earth, where*moth and rust doth
corrupt, and where thieves break
throii'-'h and steal; but lay up for your
- ti< Mores In hi .n on, where neith
er moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where
ttaivi— do not break through and steal.
Therefore 1 say unto you,take no thought
for vour life what ye shall eat or what ye
shall drink, nor yet for your body what
ve shall put on. * lie hold the fowls of the
air, for they sow not, neither do they
reap, nor gather into barns, yet your
heavenly Father feedoth them.
Consider the lilies of the field how they
grow. They toil not; neither do thoy
spin. And yet I say unto you that even
Solomon in nil his glory was not arrayed
| like one of these.
This was the teaching of this
wonderful man. whatever else you
i may call him. This was the con
i ccption of human life that he had.
I am prepared, I think, if this were
the place and time would permit, to
j prove that conception of human life
has wholly passed from this Chris
I tian world. (Applause.) lie said,
“Lay up for yourselves treasures in
heaven.” His church to-day is not
doing only that, (Deafening ap
plause.) Unless I read the signs of
the times wrong, unless I am per
fectly blind, it seems tome that His
church is laying up for herself treas
ure in magnificent temples and
1 landed estates and every sort of
splendid furnishment it is possible
to heap together. (Applause.) I
do not deny that this doctrine is
preached to day;, but when, for in
i stance, a high functionary in the
| church is in receipt of somewhere
near forty thousand dollars salary
(hisses and groans) says to other
men, “Lay up your treasures in
heaven and trust In God—(inter
rupted by deafening applause)—and
trust in God tor your daily bread,”
he is saying that which is very easy
for him to say, but is rerv difficult i
for a great many people to whom he
is speaking actually to do. It would
almost look as if that laying up of
treasure in heaven meant laying it
up in the hands of those who are the
ministers of heaven. (Laughter.)
When a minister who is in receipt
of twenty or fifteeu or ton thousand
a year—fix the limit to suit your
selves—when a minister who is in
comfortable circumstances says.
“Trust God for your daily bread,”
he says what he can easily do. but
which other people in other circum
stances can not so easily do: and he
savs what the whole course of things
to-day belies, for that is not the
practical doctrine of the civilization
under which we live. (Applause.)
I do not find as a rule that men
are giveu over with fanatical intent
to laying up the treasure about
which I have been speaking in the
place to which I have referred.
The}* seem to be vastly more bent
upon laying up every possible treas
ure they ean lay their hands on hon
i ostly—and sometimes dishonestly
—in this world. It docs not seem
to be the motto either o( institutions
or individuals. I may be wrong, I
may be blind, but as I see it it
seems to me that this is no longer
the motto of the civilization or cf
the Christianity under which we
live. (A voice: “You are right.’
Applause.)
I think if we should speak out the
truth with reference to it, it would
l>e like this: Lay up for yourselves
treasures in cedar boxes, so that the
moth will at least have a hard time
to get at them. (Great laughter.)
Layup for yourselves treasures in
safe deposit vaults, so that the thief
will have difficulty in getting it.
(Laughter.) You may not protect
it absolutely, but you can make it
as difficult for the moth and thief as
possible. I am not sure but that
for those who lay up their splendid
treasures in cedar boxes and great
riches in safe deposit vaults, it is
laj'ing up treasures in heaven, for
the cedar and vault constitute their
heaven. (Applause.)
This carpenter of Nazareth told us
with reference to our daily life to
have trust in God. It is long since
one of the most prominent ministers
in this city laid down an entirely
different rule for the workingmen.
Said he, “If you get two dollars a
day there is no need that you should
have any worry of mind henceforth
if you will only be economical
enough to save a little of it every
day.” (Laughter.) Was that the
same doctrine? It docs not seem to
me the same. (A voice, “Crosby
doctrine.”) Ilis name is out I see.
I read the other day that there was 1
no occasion for discontent among
poor people, for the reason that if
men were only willing to live on rice
that they could live for ten cents a
day, and this man worked himself
up in a fine frenzy over the discon
tent oi poor people. “There is no
occasion for it,” said he. “All that
is necessary is not to trust in God,
| but in parsimony, in rigid economy,
in pinching poverty, and be content
: in the midst of it.”
On the one hand there is the gos
pel that one of the editors of The
Standard (applause) has most hap
pily called the gospel of improvi
j deuce. That gospel l have read to
you from this book. On the other
hand there is thegospei of economy,
and a very different thing it is.
The two cannot abide side by side.
One of them is wrong. How many
of you have ever taken your little
child, five or six years of age, when
he has begun to understand matters
a little, and said to him, “Now, my
sou, I want to give you some good
lessons for this life, uuon which you
are about to enter. I want you al
ways to be strictly truthful, strictly
honest, and to cultivate all in you
that is right and kind and noble in
every respect, and when you get to
i be a man and go out into this world
do not go into the race for money.
The Lord above will take care of
you every day. Go out desiring to ]
be a good man and that alone, aud
do not fret yourself at all about j
what you are going to eat and wear
and what house you are going to (
live in.” How many of you have !
taken your sons aud talked to them
in that fashion ? I will tell you
what you have done. You have
gone and bought a little irou sav- j
ings bank (great laughter), and then
you have forgotten all about the
gospel that has come down to us
through 1800 years from Judea, and
you have taken the miserable pen
ny-wise, worldly maxims of Benja
min Franklin and you have said to
your little boy, “A penuy saved is
two pence earned, and every penny
you get you stick it in that little
bank, my dear.” (Laughter.) I
am not misrepresenting things, but
telling them just as they are.
Instead of “Lay up your treasure
iu heaven and trust in God Tor your
daily bread,” the maxim now is,
“Get all that you can and be sure
aud get there every time.” (Great
laughter.) “For if you do not get
there first you will lie sure to get
left.” (Laughter.) I do not object
to your laughing, but 1 want you to
understand that I am awfully in
earnest about this matter. Even
though this is a laughable matter, it
is an awfully sad one at the same
time. (Applause.) And to me—I
may not seem to be always as rever
ent as some others—but to me the
burning outrage to-day is that the
people who worship this Man whose
words I have read to you, and the
church that declares that He is the
head of her as an institution, and
the civilization that goes by His
name, have utterly abandoned His
whole conception of human life.
(Tremendous applause.)
But such a chauge as that could
never have come about without a
cause. And I am not prepared to
say that the gospel which Dr. Cros
by has recently taught to working
men. the gospel of Benjamin Frank
lin, the most worldly wise man that
ever taught the American people, is
not the safest gospel for this day.
I am not sure that I would dare to
sav any other than these men have
said; that I dare to say to you, lay
up for yourselves treasures in heav
eu and trust in God for your daily
i bread—under the present circum
stances.
One of the old writers of the Old
Testament said: “Once I wasyoung,
now I am old; yet have I never seen
the righteous forsaken nor his seed
begging bread.” Well, I can tell
you or him that I have gone through J
districts iu the city of New York.
when I was working in this town,
where I have seen the righteous for
saken and his seed begging bread.
(Applause.) If it were true in the
days of that old writer, it is not true
to-day, for there a great many good
people upon this earth now with wil
ling hands and eager spirits, who
are suffering the distresses of pov
erty, despite their faith and prayers.
(Applause.)
A wordly-wise gospel has taken
the place of the gospel of improvi
dence which I read to ypu, and from
natural causes, has taken the place
of it so that the other gospel cannot
be consistently preached, has taken
the place of it so evidently that a
minister, a friend of mine—and a
most lovable man—declared to me
that the sermon on the mount is not
the gospel of Christ. He never would
have said that if Christ’s words are
to-day practically true. I do not
say that Jesus spoke untruth; but
I do say, without the slightest hesi
tation, that, as society is organized
to-day, His words are not capable of
application to daily life. (Applause.)
Men say that portion of the scrip
tures which is called the sermon on
the mount is impracticable. They
are the words of a dreamer, of a man
who lived in the clouds, of an ideal
ist. Under the present state of
thingfe they are just that. (Ap
plause.) And one reason why that
sermon on the mount—which is the
most beautiful part of the New Tes
tament—has been almost entirely
neglected by the pulpit is because
men have discovered that under the
present state of things it is an ideal
picture of human life. But why is
it so? Whjr is that scripture looked
upon now as merely a poem? There
are man}* answers to that question;
many explanations why the words j
of Christ and the facts of dail}' life
are impracticable.
(Condensed.) For instance, some say
the present social conditions arc tho re
sult'of the will of God t others say, there
are too many people in the world: and
others sajr, the poor are improvident.
These are some of the explana
tions that are given to reconcile us
to the patent fact that the words
which I have lead from the scrip
tures cannot be applied to human
society now. liut what is the real
reason that this gospel cannot now
be preached by a conscientious, God
feariugman? (Applause.) This is
the reason: “Consider uie birds of
the air; they sow not; neither do
they reap, and yet your heavenly
Father feedeth them. Consider the
lilies of the field; they toil not,
neither lo they spin, and yet even
Solomon in all his glory was not ar
rayed like one of these.” So might
you say of men, “Consider men, the
children of God, they have not to
over toil, they have not to over-reap,
they have not to over-spin, and yet!
their heavenly Father eareth for
them—if it were not lor one thing, ;
that some of the children of God ;
have locked up the storehouse ofj
God against the others. (Tremen
dous applause.)
A man who looks at this earth to
day, this beaming, blossoming,smil
ing earth, and believes that poverty
is the result of some misarrange-1
nient in the plans of the Creator is
f:ii ou the way to blauk lunacy.
(Applause.)
Look at this earth. You have
but to tickle it and it laughs into
harvests in fvery field. (Applause.)
You have but to stab it and it bleeds
with fountains of oil that are foun
tains of gladness for the uses of men.
(Applause.) \ou have but to rip i
open its sides, and everywhere myr- j
iads of tons of ore and coal, more
than enough for all the wants of
man, appear. You have but to
search upon its surface and into its
depths and you cannot name a hu
man want that might not be fully
supplied by the great treasure that
the Creator has stored up against
the wants of Ilis people just as
much as against the wants of the
birds of the air and the lilies of the
field. (Great applause.)
1 believe tnat mis carpenter oi
Nazareth meant a great deal more
than we have ever seen, until this
land doctrine was brought to the i
front. I believe that we are now
beginning to sec that that impracti
cable portion of the New Testament,
which men have hitherto said was
an ideal dream, may become a reali
ty. (Applause.) We arc beginning
to see that it is possible for men to
have time and opportunity to culti
vate that which is best in them,
knowing that there is no danger but
that they will get what they want to
eat and drink and wear to-morrow.
(Applause.) And that is a prospect
which when it is once formed in the
mind of any man is sufficient to start
in him a deeper religious life than
he ever knew before and such an en
thusiasm as he was never conscious
of before. (Applause.)
It was for this that this anti pov
erty society was formed. It is for
this that this great political move
ment has been started. It is this
that has brought about this strange
thing, an organization meeting here
on Sunday night that is half a
church and half a political organiza
tion. (Applause.) It is this strange
thing that has taken a noble priest
from his office (great applause) and
turned him into what promises to be
one of the most effective politicians
that the State of New York has ever
had. (Applause.) It is this strange
thing that is going to mix the
church and politics more than they
have been mixed since the old days
when men said, “the blacks must be
free.” Here starts a man with what
people call a System of political econ
omy. He shows that those old words
that have been lying dead so long
have a wonderful meaning in them.
He shows that perhaps for the first
time it is going to be possible for
men really to trust in God and to
have a God who comes up to our high
est conception of goodness and
righteousness. There are many men
who have ceased to believe in God
because they have been told that the
conditions under which we suffer to
day are by the decrees of a monster
whom we call God. (Applause.)
It is this new light and hope that
makes men pray for eloquence; that
makes those of us who have the fire
burning in our bones cry out to God
to give us some sort of power by
which we may go into this great
movement that is awakening the
laud as we have never gone into
anything before; that has made some
of us say, “Thank God I live and
I am not too old to have a hand in
the splendid fray that is now open
ed.” (Great applause.) It is this
that so takes hold of the minds of
some of us (at least I fancy so, for I
am not ashamed to say that it so
takes hold of my mind) that we of
ten walk the floor in waking hours
and dream of it, and lie awake in
midnight hours wondering what a
glorious place this old wreck of a
world will be whon this reform comes
to pass. It is this that makes life
once-more worth the living. (Great
applause.)
-»—•—•
IIOW TO FIND THE IIOHSE
POWER OF AN ENGINE.
Uulto. American.
The working capabilities of steam
engines are estimated and compared
by their horse power—that is, if an
engine will, in a given time, perform
the work which one hundred horses
ought in the same time to perform,
the engine is said to have one hun
dred horse power, estimating the
day’s work of a horse at six hours,
one day with another, which is all a
horse can endure, lly the ordinary
estimate, one horse should raise 33,
000 pounds through one foot in one
minute. Twice that weight through
half a foot per miuute, or half that
weight through two feet per minute,
is the same thing. If the product
of the weight in pounds into feet per
minute be 33,000, it represents an
estimated horse power. Calculate
the pressure on the piston by mul
tiplying its area in square inches
with the effective pressure per
square inch; multiply the calculated
pressure thus obtained by the speed
of the piston in feet per minute; di
vide the product by the 33,000; de
duct. 1-10 for power consumed in
working the air-pump,and 2-10 more
for friction, and the remainder is
the net calculated horse power of the
engine. This calculated horsepow
er exceeds the actual horse power,
and an indicator card has been in
vented to bring the calculation down
to more exact results, but its mode
of use is too lengthy for insertion
here. See Ward’s “Steam tor the
Million,” p. 18; also Ilaswell’s “Ta
Ides.” p. 221.
WHAT IT COSTS TO RAISE A
BOY.
lUitlalo Express.
‘ My father never did anything for
tih‘, recently remarked a young man
who, a lew weeks ago, finished his
school life, and is now seeking a
good business opening. Judging by
the words and the complaining tout*
in which they were uttered, the
member of the firm who heard them
is prone to believe that the young
man’s idea of “doing something” is
an outright gilt of $1,000 in a lump
or the purchase of a partnership in
an established concern. This young
man. to the knowledge of the writer,
has never done one month's actual
work for others in his entire life.
His life has been passed in pleasant
pastimes of the home circle, in read
ing, studying, hunting, fishing, ball
playing, yachting.and other employ
ments Dot particularly beneficial to
others. He is a type of that class
of boys whose parents arc sufficient
ly well to-do to keep servants to at
tend the household drudgery, and
whose fathers follow vocations in
which no use can be made of the
buy’s spare hours. Like most of
his class, he looks upon his board
and clothes, together with his pony,
jewelry, bicycle, etc., as matters of
course. The writer, while the com
plaining remark was still ringing in
his ears, had the curiosity to make
a conservative compilation of what
it costs to raise an ordinary boy for
tbe first twenty years of his life, and
here it is:
$100 per vear for the first 5years... $500
$150 per year for the second 5 years 730
$*200 per year for tho third 5 years 1,000
$300 per vear for the next 3 years 900
$500 per year for the next 2 years 1,000
Total . *4,150
This is a moderate estimate of the
financial balance against the boy
who complains that his father has
never done anything for him.
IN INDIAN CAPTIVITY. .
A Pittsburgh Lady’s Narrative of Her
Great Great Grandmother—Distress
ing Scenes During and Succeed
ing a Savage Massacre.
Mrs. Levi Wade in Pittsburgh Dispatch.
Deal not in liigh-wrough imaginings
Which, taking sober judgment by the
foretop,
Plunge madly into the quicksands and
quagmires
Of falsehood and fiction; but let the tale
Thou wcavest be ever true.
The eastern shore of the Kennebec,
or, as the Indians called it, the Sag
adahoc river, was the home of the
once powerful tribeofthc Pemaquids,
the aborigines of that part of the
State of Maine. Not far from the
river bank, at a point opposite the
city of Bath, once stood the home of
my ancestors, who belonged to the
colony planted in 1630 under the di
rection of Richard Vines, a former
agent of George’s in the Pemaquid
territory. After many years of life
in the colony, they cleared the spot
indicated above and built themselves
a house—a huge rock (still to be
seen) serving as a back wall, while
the front and ends were built of logs
with an aperture for a doorway—the
roof being made of saplings, covered ,
with bark.
At first the Indians were very ag
gressive and annoying, but after a
time the tribe went farther north,
and for many years the family lived
unmolested.
One afternoon the father and moth
er, taking their boat, started for the
settlement across the river to pro
cure provisions, leaving three ciiil
dren, of whom they had six, in the
care of the eldest, a girl thirteen
years old. For a time nothing oc
curred to disturb them, and the chil
dren, with the exceptiou of the old
est sister and the baby, played mer
rily upon the green around the door.
Suddenly a terrible yell broke upon
their ears, and the aifirighted little
ones tied in dismay to their defense
less sister, who found herself, before
she could close the door,
SURROUNDED BY INDIANS.
The chief, seizing her by the hair,
drew his scalping-knife from his
belt, and was in the act of scalping
her, when the shrieks of the chil
dren, on seeing the danger of their
sister, so exasperated him that,turn
ing from her, he seized the child
nearest to him and, darting to the
door, dashed its head against the
logs till they were covered with its
blood. The other children shared
the same fate, with the exception of
the infant, which the elder sister
clasped frantically in her arms. One
of the Indians attempted to seize the
little one, but the sister, throwing
herself on her knees, besought him
so piteously not to take it from her
that he seemed moved by her dis
tress; and, after consulting a few
moments with the others, made a
sign for her to follow him from the
house. One of the Indians, light
ing a pine torch, mounted to the
roof, and, setting fire to the bark, the
house was quickly in a blaze. They
then started, forcing the two chil
dren along with them.
Heartbroken at the appalling
tragedy she had witnessed, and well
nigh paralyzed with fear of her sav
age captors, the poor girl almost
sank under the misfortunes which
had befallen her. Their route, for
the greater part of the way, wa9
through an unbroken wilderness, in
tersected by marshes, swamps and
rivers—their food, roots, bark and
wild game. Day after day the poor
captive toiled on, carrying her baby
sister in her arms, while her path
could be traced by the blood that
oozed from her lacerated feet. Some
times the baby would erv with pain
or hunger, when her captors would
threaten with gestures to take its
life. Emaciated with suffering and
hardship, enduring what the strong
est could hardly have borne, she suc
ceeded in preserving her life till they
reached Quebec; carrying her in her
arms a distance of 250 miles.
This was during the war between
Great Britain and France, and the
Indians who had captured the chil
dren being allies,gave them over to the
French, by whom they were held as
prisoners of war. Their condition,
though much improved, was still a
very trying one.
WHEN WOLFF. 9 AUMY CAME.
In 1759 Mr. Pitt, the British Min
ister. marked out a bold, energetic
plan tor the subjugation of the
strongest French posts in America
«—Niagara, Ticondcroga and Quebec
—the three to be attacked simultan
eously. Gen. Wolfe undertook the
expedition against Quebec, and we
have all read of how his army scaled
the Heights of Abraham and ot
Montcalm's consternation when the
British arrived.
The heart of the poor captive from
: the shores of the Sagadahoc swelled
with hope and excitement as she
learned that Gen. Wolfe and his sol
diers had reached the Plains of
Abraham. Taking her little sister
in her arms she hastened.with many
i other prisoners, to a place on the
walls of the fort where she could ob
serve the battle in safety. About
* the middle of the forenoon the mem
orable battle was fought which,
though it achicvod a brilliant victo
ry, sacrificed two of the most noble
commanders that ever unsheathed
their swords in the struggle for free
dom. On the 18th the capitulation
of Quebec was signed and the death
blow virtually given to the power ot
the Freneh in America. AH pris
oners held by them were given their
liberty. The two captives from the
Sagadahoc river, along with many
others, were placed on board one of
the vessels and sailed out of the riv
er St. Lawrence with the British
fleet.
Two years had passed by since
the unfortunate parents, returning
with their boatload of provisions
from the settlement on the other side
of the Sagadahoc, found their happy
home a blackened mass of smolder
ing ruins—the pyre, as they suppos
ed, of all their beloved children.
Almost frantic with grief, they had
hastened across the river to the set
tlement, giving notice of the reap
pearance of the Indians and th ?
heartrending sorrow inflicted upon
them by the loss of their home and
children.
All hearts were full of sympathy
for the afflicted parents, and the set
tlers, after long days of fruitless
search, ^turned, and the afflicted
parents gave up all hope of ever
knowing more of the fate of their
children.
THIN SEEDING FOR WHEAT.
Correspondent National Stockman.
If your seed bed is in good order,
one bushel of good seed is plenty for
one acre of good ground. If wheal
is sowed too thick some o£ it >vill gel
smothered and perish, and what re
mains will be too thick to stool, and
it will be short, weak and spindly,
having very small heads averaging
from four to fifteen small grains per
head, and the yield will b« also very
small. Wheat should be sowed thin
enough so that it has room to stool,
and it will make itself just as thick
as itougkt to he by stooHng. Nature
provides for all the vegetable king
dom alike. I have two heads o.'
wheat I plucked before the wheal
was cut, one large head from a stool
where the wheat was thin, and one
small head from a stalk where the
wheat was thick. I took the largest
head from either place, the variety
being Fultz wheat. The large head
has in some places six grains abreast,
and contains seventy six large, well
developed grains. The small head
has two grains abreast, and contains
eighteen average sized grains. This
is a lesson for me. Hut suppose we
have our ground in g« od order, and
6ow one bushel of good seed per acn.
und each grain brings a stalk, and
each stalk has a head containing
twenty-five average grains (to gay
nothing about the etooling), Hii
would give us twenty-five bushels
per acre. Now I hold that if we sow
good seed in good ground, at lit •
right time ami in the proper way.
nature will bring the return cvn \
time.
Three years ago I sowed five non
of wheat, one bushel of seed per ae ..
and nine acres of the same field on
and-a-half bushels of seed per an..
the same variety of wheat. Ti.
five acres made 100 bushels of u.
plump wheat. The nine acres made
102 bushels of average wheat.
Four years ago one of my neigh
bors hired a drill to sew his wheat
with, and through a mistake he put
the bushel wheel on instead of ti..
bushel and a half wheel. His linn !
drilled a sixteen acre field one blight
per acre, and told him there were n >
sixteen acres in that field, for it only
took sixteen bushels of wheat to sow
it. But when the man who owm :
the drill told him that he had sow«- i
it with the bushel wheel he wns iit.
easy. Hut I helped thresh the crop
and it made thirty-two bushels of
number one wheat per acre.
SERVANT GIRLS IN GERMAN V.
New York Timex.
Servant girls in Germany Iiav •
few privileges—not tin* Tlmrx.J:.
and Sunday outings that America
gives—so it is right that tin* plat
where they are so confined hIiwu d
be a pleasant spot. There is a -
ular system to this question of m*
vice in Germany. Servants must h ■
trained. Cooks pass anapprcui.it
ship in hotels, the house girls mu *
be perfectly competent in sewing nil i
mending. Their time belongs t •
their employer, and, if the work i
the house is finished, the time i
used in darning or knitting for il
family. The girls hare refere e
books, and as they go from one pla< e
to another, the mistress writes h
opinion of the qualifications of t« •
girl. The class is very restrict .1
in privilege, and the pay is small.
A good girl receives from $30 to$50
a year. She frequently asks for ex
tra remuneration for doing without
certain meals, and these few mark *
add to her slender income. O *
course their expenses are small. m
they do not attempt to dress • s
their mistresses, and wear the; game
garb as a class.
' V

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