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West Virginia Democrat. [volume] (Charles Town, W. Va.) 1885-1890, December 09, 1887, Image 2

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There are valetudinarians in rep- '
utation as well as in constitution. !
We meet men always ailing, con
tinuously sickly and forever catch
ing cold; they avoid every draught
and are frightened at every change
»f weather, but somehow they man
age to reach old age, preserving J
meanwhile moderate health and sur
viving a thousand shocks that are
fatal to a vigorous and robust con
stitution. So it is with reputations.
We meet men universally acknowl
edged guilty o( many dishonorable
acts which, while not blazoned to
the world, are spoken of daily in
private conversation by a large cir
clein every part of the State; they are
men whose character for truth and
fair-dealing is sickly and always ail
ing; they are afraid of just criticism
and too timid to do right lest their .
motives be impugned; they spend
half their time trying to explain j
their conduct, trying to quit scan j
dal and silence suspicion, but some,
how they manage to escape expos
ure, and to obtain a good share of j
worldly success, preserving mean
while a sort of precarious respecta
bility and surviving a thousand !
shocks that are fatal to honorable
and manly men.
Men who are not strong m tue
consciousness of the rectitude of
their own motives hesitate to do
many things they wish to do for
fear some thief will falsely accuse
them of stealing. God bless the
men who have sufficient confidence
in their own integrity to defy the
slanders of venal newspapers and
disregard the senseless chatter ot 1
of ignorant, small-frv editors.
Little minds cannot look on the
greatest exploits of big minds with
out suffering a captious and jealous
malignity to detract from their •
A few days ago a man wa9 men
tioned to us as “the mo9t promi
nent candidate for Congress" in his
district. The gentleman speaking
to us, almost in the same breath, re
marked: “There are at least *20 per
sons who can swear to certainly 3
and probably a dozen crimes he has
committed, any one of which would
put him in the penitentiary and
were it not that the railroad man
agers want him, his candidacy
would be laughed at.”
It invariably happens that when
we hear of a man in any part of this
State, of patriotic purpose and pre
eminently qualified for the Legisla
ture, upon inquiry we find the rail
road politicians and their strikers
industriously lying about him and
hounding him down.
The men who, in every contest iu
the past, hare taken sides with the
railroad managers and against the
interest of the people are not the
ones most likely to render efficient
service to the public in Congress or
in the Legislature.
Ir the tree-pass bribery was noi
useful to the railroad managers,
why was it their lobby made such
efforts to defeat the bill to prevent
passes ? Why do railroads give
passes to every Congressman, Legis
lator, Governor and Judge who will
accept the bribe ?
We hear a great deal from a cer
tain class of politicians about, “the
importance of organizing the party.”
We have never heard or seen one
word from any of them about,—the
importance of the principles of the
party. Are these “organizers”
ready to pledge the party to give
our home traffic the benefit of the
principles of the interstate com
merce bill? If a bold man of
brains would stump the State for j
the propositions advocated in these
columns, our “organizers” would be
•wept out of office. By organiza
tion they mean, the substitution of
deception and treachery for discus
cussion and argument.
Cntil Congress met certain of our
prominent politicians asserted very
positively that Faulkner would be
seated without delay and without
question. We said they were mis
taken, and we predicted exactly
what has occurred. The case has
been referred to a committee and the
chances are equally balanced be
tween Lucas and Faulkner. A lit
tle while ago certain Democratic
Senators made haste to assert that
the question should be decided on
its merits as a pure matter of law,
and y«t these same gentlemen were
the first to try to make it the sub
ject of caucus resolution. They
thereby blundered disgracefully.
We caution these gentlemen to be
more cautious; they make themselv
es laughed at. There is a growing
popular disgust at mere politicians;
the people wish for statesman—not
The Wool Growers* Assn.-iation
attempts to raise an outcry against
the President's message. It is an
open secrect that this association is
composed of some honest farmers
and some very shrewd emisaries of
the tariff fed millionaires. These
emisaries gull the lionet tanners.
The eyes ot Agriculture will he
opened presently.
('ostlt Government.—The report
ot* the Secretary of the Treasury es
timates the appropriations, required
for the fiscal year ending .June .>0,
1889, for the expenses of the gov
ernment at $326,530,793.
Some of the appropriations are:
Legislative, $3,272,111; executive,
$18,852,735; judicial, $422,200; for
eign intercourse, $I,94<,865; milt -
tarv, $25,692,5*4; naval, $21,348,
032; iudian affairs, $5,488,697: pen
sions, $76,312,400; public works,
$30,081,9S4; postal service. $1,403,
499; miscellaneous,$26,067.896; per
manent annual appropriations, $115,
The V. S. postal service cost last
year $52,814,113; the postal reve
nune was $48,837,609.
Prohibition.—Kansas prohibited
the manufacture of intoxicants; this
destroyed the value of certain brew
eries and distilleries in that State,
and a test case was made up to have
the Court decide whether the brew
ers and distillers could claim com
pensation. As was expected the
Supreme Court gives the opinion
that the brewers and distillers are
without remedy. If capital risks
itself in a State that is a victim to
uncalculating fanaticism, it must
bear the consequences; the Courts
cannot furnish relief.
President Cleveland shows great
sagacity in confining his message to
the duty ot Congress to reduce the
tariff-tax. He acts wisely in forcing
this issue which so many of our pol
iticians wished to dodge. Those
politicians, thinking only of re-elect
ion, proposed to betray the interests
of the body of the people in order to
escape opposition from million
aire beneficiaries of protection. We
are glad the issue is made. The
President understands the genius of
the American people very much bet
ter than our so-called “leading poli
ticians.*' The message is of pecu
liar interest to languishing agricul
ture and suffering labor. If the
masses had even a faint conception
of how they are fleeced by what is
called protection, there would lie a
riot within 24 hours. The Presi
dent is wiser and stronger than his
Our readers will observe, the
President urges precisely the view
these columns hive so strenuously
advocated ever since this paper was
Tiik Va. Coupons.—The Legisla
ture foibid collectors to receive cou
pons in payment ot taxes. If they
were tendered, the law made it the
duty of the atty general and prosecu
ting attorneys to bring suit, in the
name of the Commonwealth, for the
recovery of the amount of taxes due.
l\ S. .Fudge Rond injoined the State
officers from bringing such suits.
His injunction was violated, and
several officials were imprisoned for
contempt of court. They applied
to the Supreme Court for a habeas
corpus, and thus the question was
presented whether .Judge Rond had
jurisdiction to issue the injunction.
The Supreme Court decides that he
did not hare jurisdiction. The in
junction was issued on a bill tiled
by an individual against the State
officials. This, the Com t holds, was
a suit by an individual against a
State, which is expressly prohibited
by the eleventh amendment to the
constitution. One State may sue
another State, but an individual can
not sue a State.
It is gratifying to see that the
Supreme Court shows a disposition
to maintain the rights of the States.
Rut if the more intelligent Virginia
politicians have any regard for her
welfare, they will not pander to pop
ular ignorance by advocating repu
diation. She may trouble and hin
der her creditors, but she is paying
dear for her folly. When capital
boycots a State, men of limited
means suffer the most and the rich
have a harvest, because they buy
property cheap. The Virginia poli
ticians will find that it pays better,
in the long run. for a State to be
honest. _
The Prohibition State Committe
decided to have a separate ticket in
1888. This means, that the leaders
lack either judgment or sincerety;
—perhaps both.
The democratic caucus of the Va.
Legislature nominated Ex-Congress
man Harbour for the Senate last
mmmMWsuK. g T«^^——
! President’s Message. |
The theory of our institutions is
! that every citizen shall retain the
full fruits of his industry, with only !
such deduction as mav be his share j
of the expenses of a government eco
nomically administered. It Is inex
cusable extortion and a culpable b$
! traval of American fairness to take
from a citizen any part of his earn
ings except for support of govern- j
ment. Ike present laws do take j
from the people a large proportion j
1 of their earnings, which earnings I
are placed in the U. S. Treasury to j
be hoarded and kept idle because]
the government has no use for them.
Unless a remedy be applied the sur- j
plus revenue thus accumulated will
amount to $113,000,000 by next j
June, which sum added to previous
accumulations will swell the surplus
i in the Treasury to $140,000,000.
Unless a remedy be applied we will
continue to witness a congested Na-!
i tional Treasury and a depleted mon
etary condition in the business of,
the country. I nless steps be taKen
to prevent the further collection of
this vast sum, which ought to re
main undisturbed in the pockets of
the people, a financial crisis seems
The Federal revenue comes from
a tariff' tax on foreign goods and
from a tax on the consumption of
tobacco and liquor. This latter,
the internal revenue tax, is not lev
ied on any of the things that strict
i lv speaking are necessaries; there
appears no just complaint of this
: taxation by the consumers of tobac
co and liquor, and there seems to be
nothing so well able to bear taxa
tion without hardship.
But the present tariff laws ought
to be amended at once. The plain
effect of these laws is to raise the
price to consumers of all imported
articles by precisely the amount of
the tax levied on them. Many of
these foreign articles are also manu
factured in our own country, and the
tax now levied on foreign articles is
j called protection to home manufac
turers, because such taxes enable
our home manufacturers to sell
their products for a price equal to
that demanded for foreign products
which have paid the tariff tax.
Hence, while a comparatively few
persons use important articles, mill
ions of our people purchase and use
things of the same kind made in
this countiy and pay for them near
ly or quite the same enhanced price
which the tarff tax adds to the im
ported articles. Those who buy im
ported articles pay the tariff into
the Treasury, but, those who buy do
mestic articles which are protected,
pay a sum approximately equal to
the tariff tax to the home manufac
turer. This reference to the opera
tion of our tariff' laws is made in or
der that we may be constantly re
minded of the manner in which such
laws impose a burden upon those
who consume domestic products a9
well as on those who consume for
eign products.
Tariff taxation can be and should
be reduced so as not to require an}'
decrease in the wages to the work
men employed in the protected in
dustries. The reduction can be and
should be so made as not to imperil
the existence of our manufactures.
But that existence should not mean
a condition which must always in
sure immense profits to the owners of
protected manufactories. Every
effort to reduce tariff taxation has
been so stubbornly resisted by the
manufacturing interests, as to cause
a widespread belief that there is au
* organized combination ali along the
1 line to maintain their advantage.
Altho’ there has been a century’s
growth, yet the advocates of protec
tion always speak of our manufac
tures as “infant industries” still
r.eediug fostering by the govern
the labor factor.
It is said that protection is neces
sary in order to increase the price
of domestic manufactures so that
higher wages may be paid to work
ingmen than are paid to what is
called the pauper labor of Europe.
The last tensus shows that of the
J 17,392,099 of our people engaged in
l all kinds of industries, only 2,623,
0S9 persons are employed in such
: industries as are claimed to benefit
ted by a tariff for protection. Those
who receive the benefit of a tariff
tax for protection constantly appeal
to these 2,623,089 persons in the
protected industries to resist any
change in the laws. There should
be no disposition to answer this ap
peal by saying that these 2,623,089
persons constitute a very small mi
nority among those who labor, and
that it is unreasonable Jo expect
such a large majority to bear a
heavy burden for the benefit of such
I a small minority. It may well be
said that the minority should forgo
its advantage so as to give the ma
jority the benefit of low prices. In
reducing the tariff tax every precau
tion should be used to avoid reduc
ing the wages of those employed in
the protected industries. But it re
quires very little reflection to under
stand that the workingmen employ
ed by manufacturers are consumers
along with the rest of thecommuni
1 tv; they too have their own families
to be supported out of their earn
ings. and the price of the necessa
ries of life as well as the amount of
■ their wages will regulate the meas
ure of their welfare and comfort.
A reduction of the tariff should
be so devised as not to necessitate
either the loss of employment by the
workingmen or the lessening of his
wages. The profits still remaining ■
tc the manulacturer, after a neces
sary reduction, should furnish no
excuse for the sacrifice of the inter
ests of his employes in their oppor
tunities to work or in the diminu
tion of their wages. The worker in
manufactories cannot fail to under
stand that while a high tariff' is
claimed to be necessary to allow the
payment of remunerative wages, yet
it certainly results in a very large
increase in the prices of all manu
factures he needs for the use of his
family. He receives his wages at
the desk of his employer and per
haps before he reaches home is obli
ged. in the purchase of an article for
family use, (which article embraces
bis own labor) to return to his em
ployer in the payment of the in
crease in the price, which the tariff
permits, the hard earned compensa
tion of many days of toil.
The beneficiaries of protection ask
the farmer to aid in maiiftaining
the present situation. The farmers
manufacture nothing, and they pay
on all they buy the increased price
which the tariff imposes. The far
mer is told that a high duty on for
eign wool will benefit those who have
sheep, because it will increase the
price of wool. But the farmer who
has no sheep is obliged in his pur
chases of woolen goods to pay trib
ute not only to his fellow farmers
who raise sheep but also to the man
ufacturer who manufactures the
wool into clothing. Not only so,
but sheep owners themselves must
purchase woolen fabrics manufac
tured from the very wool they sell,
and thus as consumers must return
to the manufacturer a large part of
their tariff profit. Let it be remem
bered that a large proportion of the
farmers who own sheep, have only
small floeks, numbering from 25 to
50. If the value of wool be 20 cents,
or less, the tariff-tax is 10 cents a
pound; if its value be greater than
30 cents the tariff is 12 cents. A
farmer with 25 sheep may sell, say,
150 pounds of wool; then his tariff
profit, at the outside, may be $18.
If upon the sale of his wool the
farmer receives this tariff profit, the
wool leaves his hands charged with
precisely that sum, which, in all its
changes, will adhere to it, until it
reaches the consumer. When man
ufactured into goods, its cost is not
only increased to the extent of the
farmer’s tariff profit, but a further
sum has been added for the benefit
of the manufacturer under the ope
ration of other tariff laws. In the
meantime the day arrives when the
farmer buys woolen fabrics. When
he faces the tradsinan for that pur
pose he discovers that he is obliged,
not only to return in the way of in
creased prices his tariff profit on
the wool he sold, (and which wool
perhaps lies before him tu manufac
tured form,) but that he must add a
considerable sum thereto to meet a
further increase in cost caused by a
tariff duty on the manufacture.
Thus in the end the farmer is arous
ed to the fact that he has paid upon
a moderate purchase, as a result of
the tariff scheme, (which scheme
when he sold his wool seemed so
profitable,) an increase in the price
of woolen goods more than sufficient
to sweep away all the tariff profit on
his 25 sheep.
When the number of farmers en
gaged in wool raising is compared
with the number not raising sheep;
when the number of sheep owners is
compared with the number of per
sons in other employments; when it
is made apparent that, in the case
of a large part of those who own
sheep, the benefit of the present tar
iff on wool is illusory, and above ail,
when it must be conceeded that the
increase in the cost of living caused
by such tariff becomes a burden
upon those of moderate means, the
employed and the unemployed, the
sick and well, the young and old,
and that it constitute a tax which,
with relentless grasp, is fastened up
on the clothing of every man, wo
man and child, it seems a palpable
duty to reduce the tax on wool.
'competition stkanolbd bv combina
I do not overlook the fact that
competition between our protected
home manufacturers sometimes has
the effect of reducing the price of
their products below the highest
limit allowed by the tariff tax. But
it is notorious that this competition
is too often strangled by combina
tions which have for their object the
regulation of the supply and price
of commodities made and sold by
members of the combination. The
people can hardly hope for any con
sideration in the operation of these
combinations to strangle competi
The necessity of combinations and
pools to maintain prices, furnishes
proof that some one is willing to ac
cept lower prices for such commodi
ties, and that such lower prices arc
These considerations are intended
only to enforce an. earnest recom
mendation that the surplus revenue ,
be prevented by a reduction of tar- i
iff taxation, and at the same time,
to emphasize a suggestion that re
lief may be had by reducing the tar
iff taxes in quarters that can well af
ford to relinquish some of their
These recommendations cannot be |
regarded as evidence of unfriendli
ness to any manufacturing interest,
but in this emergency the mannfac-1
turers should surrender something j
for the public good and to avert dis
aster. The advantages they have j
already enjoyed should induce them |
to co operate in this behalf. An en- I
lightened self-interest should ad- '
monish then that a financial panic,
to which the present condition tends,
will be as disastrous to them as to
our other important enterprises.
Opportunity for safe and deliberate
reform is now offered; and none of
us should be unmindful of a time
when an abused and irritated peo
ple, heedless of those who have re
sisted timely and reasonable relief,
may insist upon a radical and
sweeping rectification of their
A wise revision of our tariff laws
will require great labor and care,
and especially a broad and national
contemplation of the subject, and a
patriotic disregard of such local and
selfish demands as arc unreasonable
and reckless of the welfare of the en
tire country.
Under our present laws more than j
4,000 articles are subject to a tariff •
tax. May of these do not in any !
way compete with our home manu
factures. A considerable reduction
can be made by adding them to the
free list. The taxation of luxuries
presents no features of hardship;
but the necessaries of life, the tax
on which adds to the cost of living
iu every home, should lie greatly
The radical reduction of the tax
on raw material is ot course an im
portant factor in any effort to re
duce the price of these necessaries
of life; it would not only relieve
them of the increased cost caused by
the tarift tax on such material, but
the manufactured product, being
thus cheapened, that part of the
tariff now laid upon such product,
as a compensation to our manufac
turers for the present price of raw
material, could be according modi
The question thus imperatively
presented for solution should be ap
proached in a spirit higher than
partisanship, and considered in the
light of that regard for patriotic du- |
tv which should characterize the
action of those entrusted with the :
welfare of the people. Hoth politi- !
cal parties have’by repeateil decla- ;
rations condemned the condition of I
our laws which collect from the peo
ple-unnecessary revenue, and both
parties have promised to correct the
evil. Our citizens are in no mood
to pardon the deliberate violation of I
these pledges.
Our progress towards a wise con
clusion will not be improved by
dwelling upon the theories of pro- !
tection and free trade. This savors j
loo much of bandying epithets. It '
is a condition which confronts us,
—not a theory. Kelief from this
condition may involve a slight re
duction of the advantages we have
awarded our home producers, but
the entire withdrawal of such ad
vantages should not lie contemplat
ed. Tlie question ol free trade is
absolutely irrevelant, and the per
sistent claim made in certain quar
ters that all efforts to relieve the
people from unjust and unnecessary
taxation are schemes of so-called
free-traders is inischevous and far
removed from any consideration for
the public good.
The simple and plain duty which
we owe the people is to reduce tax
ation to the* necessary expenses of
an economical government, and to
restore to the business of the coun
try the money we hold in the treas
ury through the perversion of gov
ernmental powers. These things
can and should be done with safety
to all our industries without dimin
ishing the opportunity for remuner
ative labor, and with benefit to our
working men and all our people, by
cheapening their means of subsis
The Parkers biro Journal, in
language unbecoming any one ask
ing recognition among gentlemen,
controverted a statement by us, to
the effect that the Republican press
advocated Mr. Camden’s "re-elect
ion, and challenged us to prove
what we said. We asked whether
the Journal would publish our re
ply to the challenge ? Instead of
giving a direct answer, the Journal
says,—“It will publish the names’’
of the papers we refer to. This
won’t do; will you publish our reply
to your challenge ? We have good
reason for wishing to reach the
readers of the Journal. Is there a
skeleton in its closet, it is afraid we
will expose to the public view ? We
do confess, a good many facts are in
our possession, we never print un
less attacked.
The President has nominated Mr.
Lamar for the Supreme Court; Mr.
Vilas to be Secretary of the Interior;
Don. M. Dickinson for Postmaster
General: Fairchild, Sec. Treasury;
Geo. L. Rives. Asssistant Secretary
State: I. H. Maynard, Assistant
Secretary Treasury; Sigourney Bnt
ler, 2d Comptroller of the Treasury,
and 0. W. Hyatt. U. S. Treasurer.
Maurice Ram
On Main St., Opposite First Nat’l Bank.
Charlestown - West Virginia
Keeps constantly on hand the l)est of
wines and whiskey. Mixed drinks a
Feb. 20. Iy
Interior view of one of the Manufacturing Departments of the (treat Retail Store
Awaits all visitors to Oehm‘8 Acme Hall. A Friend froin a istan re,“"'A*1
liable customers are friends,) is met at the door by polite and attentive Floor
Walkers and taken at once to the Baggage Room where all *»Js i*
taken care of, free of charge, and checks given for it—so that he can send or call
for it at anv time. The Visitor is then taken a tour through the building, which
never fails to gratify and please him, ns from roof to basement this Great Htor* is
full of every possible appliance to save lal»or and economize time. A"?
hydraulic power are used in a dozen different ways, and the plseeis co\ ere<f with
a network of wires and tubes for expeditious communication. On the first floor
the visitors will find themselves surrounded with everything a man can require in
clothing and Furnishing (Joods, manufactured rigid here on the premises by our
own ezm^reneed work-people. On the second is located the Boyss Department
Clothing Furnishings and Hats.— and no such assortment of fine Imported and Do
mestic fabrii’S haseverbeen shown liefore south of New Y-.rk. Our magnificent
Custom Department occupies the south end and is full of Novelties for those who
nrefer their clothing made to order. On the third floor will be found the reserve
Stock Rooms, the Military Department, and the Sample Order Department all in
full swing. On the fourth floor the visitor is shown the process of manufao ure,
from the entrance of a piece of cloth into the house to the beautifully finished gar
ment ready to put on. The long experience and great buying and manufacturing
facilities which this House enjoys enables it to undersell all othera_in' *'ery de
partment. This ire (juarantcr. Visitors are always welcomed cordially, but W>
those who are unable to come our Sample Order Department sends samples, self
measurement blanks and illustrated catalogues, free on application.
Great American Clothing and Furnishing House,
Baltimore Street, one Door West of Charles,
oct28,1887. _
snni/c 9
jUUI\L ftl
Manvel Wind Engines
Main Street, Charlestown, West Va.
All Kinds of Hardware.
Also a Large Stock of
Agricultural Implements of all Kinds.
july22,’87-y._ __
New Store!
I have ojiened in the room of Mrs. S.
AmbSer a full stock *»f
also a stock of
Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
My first inducement to secure a share
of vour patronage will lie to nlace a fig
ure on inv goods that will he appreci
ated by afl, and t>eing a graduate of the
John J. Mitchell Cutting Academy of
New York City, will make
Clothing Made to Order
and the
Call and examine my stock before you
boy. Hoping to have a share of your
patronage, I remain,
Yours respectfully,
dedf.'W. Charlestown, W. Va.
The Taylor House,
First class in all its appointments.—
Rates reasonable. Omnibus to and
from depot, free of charge.
Special rates to Commercial Travelers
for whom large sample rooms have been
Aug. 19, ’87. lyr. Proprietor.
Buc^len’s Arnica Salve.
The best Salve in the world for Cuts,
Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum, Fe
ver Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands, Chii
blains, Corns, and all Skin Eruptions,
and positively cures Piles, or no pay re
quired. It is guaranteed to give perfect
satisfaction, or money refunded. Price
25 cents per box. For sale bv George T
IJght. * ianl4->7.
Sold by T. P. LIPPITT
kept bv . T. F. LIPPITT.
Hello! Hello!
—Christmas Goods—
at the Bazar of St. Nichola, otherwise
known ax the West End Confec
tionery of
r pi I IS year’s purchases were inadeear
l_ ly in order to avoid the ruxii and con
fusion prevailing later, and with every
advantage for Detection, he otters to his
cuxtoinerx for the holidays of 1887 an ar
ray of goods that cannot fail to attract
, and please
Dolls, Toys, Games,
Novelties, &c.,
, desirable for Gifts. It would be folly to
attempt in an ordinary advertisement
, to make mention in detail. Call and see.
Also a large slock of
Staple and Fancy Groceries,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
Candies, Cakes. Nuts. Etc.
And in store also large supplies of
■ sweetmeats and the essential elements
for Cakes and Pnddings for the Holiday
, time.
j Families or individuals supplied with
i CAKE of every kind. FRUIT CAKF a
sjiecinlty. All made to order or for sale
at inv counter. I have made unusual
j preparation to supply the public.
OYSTERS—the best quality—sold in
quantity to suit purchasers.
dec9,’87. HENRY DUMM.
For Sale.
Cut and Split.
For sale in onantities to suit purchasers.
novll-3in. at their Shops.
Toboy wild lands in West Virginia.
Give full description and price.
Address, LOCK BOX 70, <1
Pittsburg, Pa.

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