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It is more important how men
think than how they vote. To ad vance the truth it is more import ant to exeite thought and arouse conscience than to win an election. THE BLAIR BILL. We give below the vote in the Senate of the United States on tak ing up the Blair Educational Bill, which provides for distributing $76, 000,000, during a period of eight rears, among the States in propor tion to illiteracy. Those papers in the State which, like the Wheeling Register, are act ively engaged in concealing what the people most desire to know, will carefully refrain from publishing this vote. The Democrat will continue to publish the votes on all important questions in the Congress of the Cniteil States, iu order that the con stituent body may know how their j representatives are voting, and , whether they are voting at all, or not. THE VOTE OX THE BLAIR BILL. The vote in detail by which the ltlair Education Bill was taken up j in the Senate on the 20th inst, was as follows: Yeas—Allison, Berry, Blackburn, Blair, Blodgett, Brown, Call, Chandler, Cullom. Davis, Dawes, Dolpb, Edmunds, Evarts, Frye, George, Hampton. Hiscock, Ingalls. Jones of Arkansas, Mander son. Mitchell, Morrill, Paddock, Palmer, Pasco, Payne, Platt, Pugb, Hansom, Kiddleberger. Sawyer, Sher man, Stockbridege, Teller, Turpie, Vance, Wilson of Iowa—38. Nays —Bate, Beck, Butler, Cockrell, Coke, Faulkner, Gorman, Gray, Harris, Hawley, Hearst, Morgan. Reagan, Saulsbury, Vest—15. ARE THE FARMERS FOOLS? The agricultural laborers and producers in West Virginia outnum ber all other kinds of laborers and producers by more than two to one. Of direct State and municipal taxes, the farms and other real estate pay about eighty-nine per cent. Notwithstanding these facts, the voters of the State are coolly reques ted to stultify themselves by keep ing in office politicians who are in favor of keeping up War Duties on importations. Wbat is the result? The obvious and natural result is that the countries of Europe who are dependent on us for cereals, not be ing allowed to sell ustheirown goods and products in return, are begin ning to retaliate by imposing a coun ter-tariff on grain importations, as will be seen by the following ex tract: Germany’s Tariff Tactics. Berlin, .May 11.—It is stated that the increase in the Russian du ties on impoits.recently put in force, has had the effect of bringing the German government to a decision to increase the German duties on cere als from three to six marks as a re prisal. Advices from the Black Sea ports state that the grain shipping is m a state of feverish activity, ex porters rushing cargoes toGermanv in order to glut the markets before the new grain tariff can be put in operation. It is officially announced that the Government intends to pro pose a provisional prohibitive edict against excessive grain imports prior to the introduction of the bill raising the corn duties. The 1*a. State Grange was in session last week and Overseer T. S. McSparrow, of Lancaster county, made a powerful report in favor of tariff reform. He appealed to the farmers not to be misled on the raw material, and gave figures to show that to protect a wool industry amounting to $45,000,000 the people pay as consumers an excess of $146. 000,000. Then he quoted from fig ures showing the assessed valuation of farms to illustrate how freight discriminations were unjust taxa tions and high tariffs are crippling the agricultural resources. From 1850 to 1860, under low tariff, farms increased 100 percent, in valuation; from 1860 to 1870. under high tariff, 41 per cent., and from 1870 to 1880, also under high tariff, only 0 per cent. He opposed the repeal of the internal revenue tax. and favored tariff reform, but not indiscriminate free trade. Some real estate property, chiefly town lots, belonging to estate of the late Gen. Bob. Toombs, in the vil lage of Washington. Georgia, was sold at auction about ten days ago. It brought $12,055, and was assess ed for taxation at $11,700. As some of the property advertised was with drawn because the bids were too low, this sale shows that Georgia assess ments are much nearer the inatket value than in West Virginia. With us. town property seems assessed for about two-thirds its value. CONGRESSMEN. The lower House consists of 333 men. Ot the last House 196 mem bers wore reelected. Judge Kelley, l*a , is the oldest member He was 47 when he entered Congress, in 1861, and he has been a member con stantly since then, a period of 26 years. (It is easy for the representa tive. t»f a special interest to be re elected.) White, the N. V. Broker, was born in 1831 in North Carolina. Sunset (.’ox was l>oru in 1824. Six teen of the 34 N. V. members was born between 40 and 30. 1 here j are in the House 210 lawyers from ! the States, and 3 of the 8 delegates 1 from the Territories are attorneys, j There are 17 farmers and planters, j 16 manufacturers, 13 merchants, 10 bankers, 10 editors and 6 doctors. One hundred and seventy-eight members were educated in colleges i or universities of greater or less de- ; greeof prominence. California,Col- j orado, Oregon have no college men I in their delegations in the House. | Maryland has five college men out j of a total of six. Mississippi five oat of seven, New Jersey one out ot sev- ; en. New York eight out of thirty- j four, Ohio four out ot twenty-one, South Carolina six out of seven, (3 | of them Harvard graduates,) Texas two out of eleven. Alabama has i five college men, two who put them- ; selves dow n as “self educated,” and one West Point graduate—General Wheeler, who is, by the way, the only man iu the House who was ed ucated at the Military Academy. Eighty-two members and one dele gate were in the Union array and 58 members were in the Confederate; army. There are some odd facts about the nativity of Representatives. For instance, only one of the membeis from Texas was born in that State. Of the Alabama delegation only two were natives of the State, North Carolina and Georgia having pro duced two each, South Carolina one and Virginia one. Only two Arkan sas Representatives are natives of Arkansas. None of the California Representatives were born in the State from which they came to Con gress. Twenty-six of the New York Representatives were born in the Empire State, the other eight inclu ding one native of North Carolina, [White] and one of Ohio, [Cox.] But there are 39 natives of the State in Congress. 4 of them coming from Illinois, 2 from Wisconsin, and 1 each from the States of Connecticut, Iowa. Kansas, Nebraska. New Jer sey, Ohio and Pennsylvania. Penn sylvania is the mother State of 35 Representatives, and Ohio claims 30. There are 9 Irish-born Repre sentatives, 0 Scotchmen, 3 English men, 3 Bavarians, 2 Norwegians, 2 Canadians, 1 Swede and 1 Prussian. MINES. A writer in one of the N. V. pa pers, speaking of the gold and silver mines, says: There are 2'J'.> companies, whose stock is dealt in, with a capital of over $1,200,000,000. The average stock per mine is over $4,000,000. THE B. & O. POLICY. How it Crushed West Virginia Indus tries—The Future Action. A letter from Wheeling to the New York Tribune of November 25, contains the following: The reorganization of the Balti more and Ohio Railroad Company, perfected as claimed under the di j rection of the New York syndicate, j is not looked upon with favor in this Slate. The people of West Vir ginia teel that they were made to 1 suffer under the old regime of the ; Baltimore anil Ohio company, and I the new organization foreshadows,in ! effect, a continuance of the old policy which brought the company to grief anil prevented the establishment of anv local industries along its line. For thirty years the Baltimore and ; Ohio company charged the people of West Virginia $20 more per carload on cattle shipped from any point in the State to Baltimore than it did on cattle shipped from Ohio and Chicago, although the distance is from 200 to 400 miles farther. The natural result is that the cattle in dustry in this State is destroyed and most men that pursued it broke, j Same in a large measure holds true j ■ of the lumber interests. The policy | ot the Baltimore and Ohio company has been such as to discourage all local enterprises on its line in this I State, so much so that there is not to-day an iron furnace in operation from Baltimore to the Ohio river. The Baltimore and Ohio Company has always fought and attempted to crush every feeder and connection which it did not own. It opposed the Ohio River Railroad Company (con trolled by Senator Camden and his j friends) until it forced that com pany toa connection with the Penn sylvania Railroad at Wheeling. Just now it is beginning hostile 1 movement against the Clarksburg and Weston road, an important branch. It is an open light with the Grafton and Greenbrier road coming in at Grafton, and it has made an effort to seize a majority of the stock in that company and thereby control the read. In the pending litigation it is a curious fact that Vice-President Spencer swears to one state of facts and John W. Mason, a leading lawyer at Grafton and one of the counsel of the Haiti more and Ohio, swears to what is construed here to be the opposite. Coming further East the most im port connection of the Baltimore and Ohio which it does not own is reach ed at Piedmont, owned by the West Virginia Central and Pittsburg Kailroad Company, being known as the Davis and Elkins road. The Baltimore and Ohio company are understood here to have waged war against tuis company tor the past four years. At one time it seized 185 freight cars of the Davis and Elking road beside discriminating against it. Last summer Charles F. Mayer, president of one of the Baltimore and Ohio branch lines, with the aid of Baltimore and Ohio employes tore up nearly a mile of the track of the Piedmont and Cum berland road, an extension of the Davis and Elkins line to Cumber land, took away the ties and rails and still holds them. In this way Mayer and the Baltimore and Ohio company stopped shipments over the Piedmont line for about three months. All this and many other things calculated to offend the people of West Virginia have occurred under the old administration of affairs, .Mr. Spencer being the chief execu tive officer, who, according to ad vices, is to be made the new Presi dent in the reorganization. It is also said that Mr. Mayer, now in the Board, is to be made Vice Pres ident. The New York syndicate had a fine opportunity to rescue the Baltimore and Ohio property from its perils, but there is an apprehen sion that it has not made use of it. The opinion is current throughout the State that the old influence that controlled the Baltimore and Ohio company has misled and deceived the New York syndicate. If the syndicate had made a clean sweep, appointed uew officers and inaugu rated a liberal locaVpolicy toward the people, put the company in har mony with all connecting compan ies and lines, there is no doubt that success would have followed such a con rse. The Davis ami Elkins railroad company has suits against tire Bal timore and Oh'o company, Mayer and others for tearing up tracks, appropriating ties and rails, bolding tars and discrimination amounting to nearly $500,000. These suits are in the hands of competent attorneys and will be pushed. The people on and near the lines or the Baltimore and Ohio and par ties controlling collections feel so bitterly toward the Baltimore and Ohio company that it is current talk now that the conduct of the company in West Virginia will be made the subject of inquiry at the next session of the Legislature to see if in some way redress mav be had for the grievances they have been suffering for so long a time. OBNOXIOUS TRUST COMPANIES Philadelphia Times. The rapidity with which the so called trust monopolies are spring ing into existence of late has made tho subject one of grave importance to the public. The Standard Oil Trust is oi long standing, and its successful efforts to crash all indi vidual refiners and exporters of oil have become iiistory. Now we have a cotton seed oil trust, gas rusts, big and little, a sugar trust, a lead trust ami a whisky trust, and there is no reason why we should not soon have a grain and flour trust, and in fact a trust in control of every arti cle that has become, in any sense, a necessity of human existence or com fort. These new combinations to mo nopolize the production and sale of given commodities are unknown in law. They are neither corporate nor individual'enterprises, but a myste rious combination of all the chief corporations and individuals enga ged in the business they seek to con trol. living organized without law, their promoters naturally claim ex emption from legal control or restric tion, and it must be said that so far the trusts have been allowed to be a law unto themselves. No one out side of the parties engaged has ever been allowed to see the articles of agreement under which one of these trusts is conducted, and in many in stances it is claimed that the officers and stockholders of the individual corporations composing the trust are not allowed to see the agreement under which they are supposed to be doing business. That these mysterious organiza tions are a menace to the public in terests, can scarcely be doubted. They are intended to make money for the few who engage in them and to prevent others from making mon ey who may prefer to engage in the same business on their own account. Their sole object is to command a high price for the articles controlled, with the addition that none but members of the trust shall reap the I advantages of the high prices. Pri ces will be placed at a very low fig- I ure temporarily to crush out a com petitor only to be advanced when j competition has ceased. They work a two fold evil in enhancing the price of the necessaries of life and driving hundreds of people out of a • legitimate business which should hare furnished them a comfortable livelihood. Just at present the trusts seem to having their own way, and their promoters and beneficiaries are ask ing what the public is going to do ; about it. It is evident that if the public does not do something about it, a very heavy tax will have to be paid in the end for this negligence. The prices of all the necessaries that can be controlled by these small and select aggregations of capitalists are sure to be kept higher than they would he if the law of natural com petition was allowed full force. The savingattributed to Senator Sprague —that he “knew of nothing more selfish, cruel and heartless than a million of dollars, except that it be two millions,” will be verified with a vengeance in the ease of these gi gantic trusts if they are not brought under some sort of control. WOOL AND THE TARIFF. N. Y. Post. The trouble with the wool-grow ers iu Ohio, Michigan, and Iowa is that they are trying to compete in sheep grazing on land worth $50 to $100 an acre, with land in other places and countries wortn nothing per acre. It makes no difference 1 whether the land worth nothing per acre is in Texas or Australia, in Oregon or Soifth America, in Mon tana or South Africa, or all combin ed, the attempt to compete on high- ; priced land is sure to fail, and no i tariff can prevent failure. We pro- ( pose to show how it has failed in one of the most important “Grang er” States. The Auditor of the State of Iowa has just issued his biennial report, which embraces the numbers and assessed values, as shown by the tax assessors’ books, of the live stock of all kinds that are assessed and taxed by the head. He also summarizes the reports for the last twentv one years; and by a singular and very fortunate coinci- ; dence this period reaches back to the enactment of the famous “tariff of 1867,” a demand for whose resto ration has been the wool growers* • shibboleth since 1883. It is fair to presume that that tariff was a eru- ; cial experiment, by whose results j the wrool-growers are pledged to abide. It was very high. It has ; got the credit for a good deal of wool-growing development which was really due to the opening of a vast new territory, far better adapt- j ed to the business than anybody supposed existed in the United , States, in the Southwest. Hut let us j see how it worked in a State where the industry was already well es- I tablishcd. Hut before we give the report on sheep let us, for the purpose of iu ; telligent comparison, examine the I growth of other live-stock interests 1 which cannot possibly be “protect • ed.” Here are the official figures: i 1807 1887 Tattle .080,109 2,741,875 i Horses .343,5113 859,815 | Mules . . . 17,207 41,255 I Hogs .-t j0,412 1,825,353 1 Here is iu each case a great in- J crease, and one which does credit to j the State. The only other kind of stock included in the summary is the protected sheep: (The Post jrivcs the number of sheep in Iowa for every year from ’87 to ’87. We condense by tnkinp the number ever}’ 5 years.) Year. No. Sheep. 1m!7 1,854,606 I 1872. 518,118 1*77 »48,439 ! 1882 . 438,407 1867 271,235 Comment cannot add to the elo ! quenee of these statistics. Never ; was there a more terrific slaughter 1 of the innocents than followed at , once upon the heels of protection to | Iowa sheep. The first year after they were “protected” 9G,000of them per ished; the next year 158,000, the next year 240,000, the next year 300.000—a greater number than were left at the end of ten years, when nearly four-fifths of them had disappeared. Never since that time have there been one-third as many as there were before the wool-grow ers secured the extreme protection they demanded. The wool-growers now contend that there was f. great reduction of the wool tariff in 1883, and that this is the sole cause of the decline of their industry. Hut aside from the fact that the Treasury Report t just out shows that the average ad valorem duty on raw wool was 3G.08 per centum In 1887 and 37.30 per centum in 1882, this Iowa report shows that the loss of sheep in that State for the year preceding the enactment of the tariff of 1883 was nearly 37,000. while the average annual loss since then has been less j than 33,000. In Prohibition Kansas they run tlie “blind tiger” when the}’ want a drink. In the centre ot the room they have a big wheel with compart ments in it. You put your money and order in one of these compart- j monts and the wheel turns around, and in a few minutes whatever you have ordered comes around on the , wheel, so that you can't see who \ sells you the liquor, and no one can be arrested. About three years ago the Astors bought for #440,000 3,000 lots of laud in the neighborhood of 153d street and Sherman avenue, in this city, 400 of which they sold last week to Cornelius Vanderbilt for #500,000. As the 400 lot9 which thev sold were the least valuable of the whole plot, the plot is now worth at least #3.500,000, or an increase in three years of over #3.000.000.—V. : 1'. Sun, Dec. 1st. THE TOBACCO TAX. Last July Congressman Hre-ekin ridge made an elaborate report against a resolution to “reDeal the taxes upon tobacco and upon the sale and manufacture thereof.” This report discusses at length the relation of this proposition to the whole question of taxation, conciud ing as follows: “The adoption of the proposed resolution would reduce the revenue for 1887 $30,000,000: it would not reduce the number of office holders, nor the expense of the internal rev enue machinery: it would postpone any hope of a revision of the present taritf. and it would not relieve American industry of a single bur den, open to American products an additional market, or remove from American labor any of its real bur dens. Under the plea of aid to ti e farmer it rivets more tightly the chains of a prohibitory tariff, so that his cotton, wheat, • pork and other products must be sold at prices fix ed in foreign markets, while the price of his clothing, implements of industry and shelter is fixed in the home market, under duties which average over 46 per cent., the much larger proportion of which duties is not taxes paid to his Government., but bounties paid to fellow-citizens no more entitled to this invidious governmental aid than he, and be cause of whose associated interfer ence with and influence over legis lation the burdens and inequalities of the present svtem ean not be re moved.” Here is the case against the re peal of tbe tobacco tax so stated as to be in itself conclusive. The vote to submit a prohibitory amendment is the first step in the processes which finally result in a mighty change in the organic law by which the private right of the citizen to consult his own tastes and comfort is destroyed and his control over his own individual conduct subjected to the will of a majority. It is important that this principle should he constantly kept in view in the controversy over Prohibition which has begun in Pennsjdvania. PUBLIC SALE. I WILL soil at my farm, “Bloomery Hall,” two and a-half miles east of Charlestown,on the Shonondoah river, on Wednesday, December 28tli, 1887, the following property, to-w it: On a credit of 12 months on sums of $10 and upwards, with interest from date with approved security— 20 HEAD OF CATTLE, some fat, 10 of them ready for market by March; 6 MILCH COWS, 6 will he fresh in early Spring; TWENTY HEAD OF SHEEP, 10 of them last Spring Lambs, one (Jrav Pony, elegant for family use. I will also oiler tor sale on the same day about 500 Acres Good Land, all in Jefferson county. My town farm about 50 acres, pur chased in 1835; about 20 tons of good nay on said farm will be sold. Also my farm “Bloomery Hall,” containing 105 Acres of elegant land, and good l)WELLI\(i & TE\A\T HOUSE, good Barn, Carriage and Hen House; Kitchen and all out buildings in good repair. This farm has one of the l>est Springs (near the dwelling) in Jefferson county, and good Spring House; also good Orchard. About fin acres of said farm is set in grass. Also at the same time and place will be sold About 250 Acres of Land, on the east side of the Shenandoah river —all in good timber—has been in my possession 33 years and has been taken good care of. This land will be sold iu 5 and in acre lots—County Head running through said land. This*land extendsto the bank of the Shenandoah river. I will also sell a Decree from the Coun ty Court in my favor of Starry vs. Coojh e*r of $800. Also sell a life ir.terest of Mrs. A. M. Schaltz in Mt. Hammond I'erry—free use of road to and from Shannondale Springs, and a nearer road to Round I till, Loudoun county, Va , only 5 miles distant. 13?* I will also sell two offices in the Hunter Row, oppos'te the Court-house, in Jetlerson county. One-third cash,and the balance in one and two years. My two o.Pces opposite* the Court house contain IJ feet each front, running back 45 feet. These offices will l>e sold separately. I have a'so on my “Bloomery Ilall” farm a good C'stern, • lot of Sheaf Oats and 20 bushels of Rye. TERMS OF SALE.—One-third cash, and the balance in one and two years, negotiable notes with approved securi ty, payable at the People’s Bank of Mar tinsniirg, W. Va., purchaser giving a deed of trust on land to secure deferred pavments. P. S.—Persons having business with me will tind me after the 20ih of Janua ry, 1888, at the Howard House, City of Ball iniore, Md. FuU possession given on the 31st day of. December, 1ks7. Sixty bouse logs. 20 ice. long. dec9*,’87-3t. JOSEPH STARRY. ileflebower and Anderson auctioneers Farms Wanted. We arc having some inquiries for Farms in Jefferson county, W. Va. So if vou have a farm or other property for sale please send us price and descrip tion. Our facilities for finding you a buyer are unsurpassed. Address M. L. Funkhouser A* Co., Real Estate Agents, Hagerstown, Md. 1 D 23-it FRESH STONE LIME,' j Sold by T. P. LIPPITT | DOORS AND WINDOWS, j kept bv T. P. LIPPITT. Interior view of one of the Manufacturing Departments of the Great Retail Store A HEARTY WELCOME Walkers ami taken at once to the Baggage Room w here all, s « or call t iken care of free of charge, ami cheeks given for it—so that hi « an semi <>r <.Hl* lor it at anv time. The Visitor is then taken a tour thro^‘'^ never fails to gratify and please him, as from root to has ' £fi.diSTn«! full of every possible appliance to save lalsir andeconoti iize tune. Muil' f ‘iih hydraulic power are used in a dozen different ways, anti tin* placi i. >' r a network of wires and tubes for expeditious communication. >'> the visitors will find themselves surrounded with evcr\ thing a man i an r» piir "* Clothing and Furnishing Goods, manufaetun <1 right ,! ,1'. L:11 full'swims'. ' on*fhe fourtii tioor'Vlm visitor is shown the |-"» ■ -s from the entrance of a piece of cloth into the house to the heautilulU i.wished gar ment ready to put on. The long experience and great ,l/Yc-s‘In overv facilities which this House enjoys enables it to undersell all othc.H in c'erj <*e partment. This ue guarantee.* Visitors are always welcomed cordial y, but to those who are unable to come our Sample Order Department sends samples, self measurement blanks and illustrated catalogues, free on application. OEHM’S ACME HALL, Great American Clotting and Famishing Honse, Baltimore Street, one Door West of Charles, ZB^T-iTIiMIOIFtlE, IMIID. oct28,1887. — COOKE k 0 ON, a (/) c 0 03 ; <j flanvel Wind Engines Main Street, Charlestown, West va. -DEALERS IN All Kinds of Hardware. Also a Large Stock of GUM AND LEATHER BELTING. i Agricultural Implements of all Kinds. -AGENTS FOR DUPONT’S BLASTINC & SPORTING POWDER. july22,’87-y. _ (Tilt ©tkclcr & llilson. ®o. flint. . u o -o A Sow Machine, l'mvracinR all the Latest Improvements. 1 ■ j Salesroom in Riniv Building, Main St., Next Door to L. D. Getze.udaner’s Hardware Store. | _ ! CALL AN3 iHSPECT MACH,'IE AND EXAMINE SAMPLES CF IIS WORK. TRADE t TOR t OLD * MACHINES t AND t MAKE i EASY t PAYMENTS. The X o. ft is acknowledged bv *11 its competitors to be the liest machine now in the inaj ket. It is possesses a decided superiority over all others In point or ease, rapidit f and precision of action, uniformity of tension and perfection of »eain,»un plicity «nd durability, elegance of design, excellence of workmanship, form and duality of cabinet work, and general attractiveness of appearance as a whole. Those ■ cho wish a sewing machine embodying all the result of inventive skill ana eonstri ietc*i to do the best ol service for a lifetime, should not fail to examine our WHEELER & WILSON AGENCY, For Berkeley and Jefferson, W. Va., and Clarke and Frederick, "V a.