rUJBMSHED jpVSRY THURSDAY
BY THE ADVOCATE PUB. CO.
*iee. Pythian Building, Charleston.
Home Phone 92*.
The Advocate Is entered In the
Font-office at Charleston, W. Va., an
?econd class matter.
Three months $0.50
?lx months 1.00
Q*e year 1.&0
THl'KftDAY, .11 15, 1?U.
THK HOOT OF Til K KV1L.
That delegate to a minister's and
deacon's union who had the cour
age to say a higher educational
standard should he demanded of
those aspiring to the ministry, should
have a Carnegie Hero Medal.
It takes more than ordinary nerve
to make such a statement in a
gathering of wearers of the cloth.
There was a time, and that nor so
long distant, when the suspicion that
one entertained such an opinion
"would have called for consignment
to the hottest pits in the infernal
regions. What ! Say, a minister
should be educated! Away with the
infidel! Tear him limb from limb,
burn his body and scatter the ashes
to the four winds!
It is a harbinger of brighter day?
that the ministers will tolerate, if
they do not endorse, criticisms of
their own literacy as a profession. It
is an indication that they have begun
to realize that preparation is as nec
essary to save men's souls as it is to
save their bodies: that the preacher
should be no less qualified for _his
work than the teacher: and that the
mere statement that one is called to
preach should not outweigh a de
gree of ignorance which no other
profession will longer approve.
This is thte root of the evil. Here
is to be found the cause of that
growing disposition ot the more in
telligent of the race to become care
less in their church atendance. They
have learned to think for themsel
ves, and will no longer accept, as
did their fathers, the /unqualified
expressions of an unread preacher
as the "gosjpel truth." Their indif
ference has been misunderstood and
ascribed to unbelief in the tenets of
Christianity, when, in reality, it was
lack of confidence in the knowledge
of those who elect to uphold them
from the pulpit. If the ministry
could be brought to a realization of
this fact, if they ? we speak of the
whole ? would assume a less hostile
attitude to the educated and appeal
with greater frequency to the head
than to the heart, there would be
less cause for complaint on the part
of both elements. The remedy is
an educatted ministry, the only kind
that can cope successfully with pres
ent day conditions.
( ; i:tti xc ; t< x ; kt h kk .
The intelligence from Washington
that the Xegroes holding high Fed
eral positions have decided to bury
the tomahawk and get together Ij
gratifying to those of the rare Hav
ing the welfare of t.h?? Republican
party at heart.
Since the advent ot certain high
salaried officers, supposed to haw
been selerted without 1 he knowledge
and consent of Dr. Washington, some '
of his fool friends have stirred up
strife where there had fcrmerly been
?peace and amity. They opposed
former Register Vernon heoac.se
they thought he was anti-Wnsi-ing
ton and threw conniption fits when
' Link" Johnson was nominated Re
corder of I)?'e<T? for ;Tie District of
Columbia ?unbeUtMJwenst." M'.cv
claimed, to the Tuskoeeean ? just as
if every Negro who aspires to f'*?"l
at the public crib ha- to bear the
Mr. Washington has reipea telly
stated that he is not the referee fo?
Negro appointments and that w.mt
he has done along that line ha? been
at the request of the occupant oi
ihe. White House, but his sel f-?* 1 ???"? * -
<d advisors at Washington woul 1
not take him at his word. They
have time and again embarra.-aed
him by making statements presum
ably bearing his endorsements, ir.tt
in reality without his knowlMiv.e,
These statements, more than any
thing else, have contributed to th<
strained relations which have exist
ed between factors which shoult
have worked in harmony. They an
responsible lor the dimensions whiei
shattered the harmony previously
existing in the "Black Cabinet," am
deprived the race of murh-neede<
Happily, the true inwardness o
the situation has been disclosed an
"all is quiet on the Potomac." l'rot
now on there may be confidently e>
pected unanimous action on the pa*
of all those whom President Tal
has honored by appointment to big
places, and all ma?/ be depends
upon to work in unison for the air
cess of their party and the politic;
advancement of their race.
1 A HAPPY SOM'TIOX.
Prom various sources, so many x
to he almost conclusive, the repor
comes that Dr. Furniss is to reinali
at his post at Port An Prince.
This is a happy solution of a prob
lem which has undoubtedly caused
President Taft many anxious hours
a solution which wa< forshadowed
by rhe announcement of the aippoint
ment of Dr. Vernon as an assistant
supervisor of schools for Negroes
The Advocate was not without au
thority when it stated that the suc
cessor to Furniss hud been selected
before his resignation was received
at the State Department. The in
formation came from n source than
which none is higher, excepting the
Chief Executive himself, it was then
safe to conjecture that the place
would- go to Kansas and that Ver
non would be the man. Since that
time there have been developments
which caused the powers that be to
prevail upon I)r. Furniss to recon
sider his resignation. Dr. Furniss
having consented to remain, it was
up to the administration fo provide
for Mr. Vernon, as it has done by
naming him for the supervisorship.
The Advocate is selfish enough to
be thankful that if West Virginia
did not get the place, none of the
other candidates did: that its candi
dates apparently received as much
consideration and stood as much
show to win as the other entries.
This encourages us in the belief that
given a chance we would have won
the trophy, and spurs us on to fu
ture endeavor when the next open
1 4 .
WILL UK APPLY THK .RILE
It is reported that the Navy De
partment at Washington is much
concerned over the rumor that an
Ohio Negro lad has qualified for
entrance into the Naval Academy at
Several weeks ago President Taft
causticly reprimanded an officer of
the regular army who opposed the
efforts of a .lew seeking a commis
sion. on the ground that he would
not he desirable in official circles be
cause of his race.
?In times long past there were
Negroes at Annapolis, but none were
able to withstand the combined op
position of their fellow students and
the instructors. If this Ohio boy
is able to get by the requirements,
which are said to be strengthened
to the prohibitory point when a Ne
gro applies, will President Taft see
that he gets a square deal? We
think he will so far as he i? able,
?but until there is a radical
change in public -'-nfiment. no
Negro need apply at either
Annapolis or West Point.
Neither institution advertises the
fact, -but both are in the class with
Grove, Oklahoma ? they have no Ne
groes. In these circumstances, the
Negro who trios to get in has con
siderable more nerve than judgment
WHY TIIRY LKFT.
drove is the name ot' a little
town in Delaware county, Oklahoma
which makes the most unique bid
for fame which has come under our
observation. drove has a thousand
souls who breathe "air, pure, heath
fill, salubrious." They walk on two
miles of concrete sidewalks; worship
in five churches of different denom
inations; and enjoy many other ad
vantages to be found only in pro
gressive little towns.
drove boasts of its freedom from
malaria, mosquitos, knockers and
undesirable citizens. It would take
an entire column to reprint the good
things The Grove Sun has to say
about the town, and chief among
these, if heading the column gives
it this preeminence, is the fact that
it has "No KegroesT^ Why search
longer for a reason for the exodus
of the brother in black from Okla
homa to Canada?
Till VAN Til ft IM?KS1I)F,\T-M.\ KKR.
The Democratic press has much
to sny these days about dissensions
in the ranks of the Republican party,
so much, in fact, that it overlooks
the interesting situation which has
developed in its own camp. First.
Mr. Bryan put his X. O. on Harmon
and now he repudiates speaker
('lark. In the meantime Woodrow
Wilson i- playing to all factions, en
dorsing everybody pnd everything,
lie is for free wool but approves the
'JO per rent. duty. He is both for
and against the 'nitiative, referen
dum and recall, in fact he is for and
against anything and everything ac
rording to his audience. It remains
to be seen whether Mr. T?rvan is for
or against him.
The readers of The Advocate will
not be surprised to hear from \Vil<
liam Tecumseh Vernon that he mad*
no such statements favoring the an
nexation of Haiti to the ('niter
States as appeared in The New YorV
Age. At the time the reputed in
terview was first given publicity
doubt was expressed in these col
umns as to its origin. We made n<
secret of our belief that the inter
view emanated, not at Quindaro
but In "Little Old New York/' fron
j a source which has al\Vayx exhtt>it*<
t marked auimosity to the Kansan
1 How near we oaitte to the truth ma:
be seen by read Ins: Mr. Vernon's
- latest statement, to be found else
I Where in this issue.
, ? - - - ? > ? * ?
I IN MKMORJAM.
Last week the alumni assoriatior
of the high school at Wheeling: ol
. which he was once the head, un
veiled a tablet in memory of theii
late principal. J. McHenry .Tones,
and at Institute, where the remains
are buried a monument was erected
over the grave with appropriate
This recalls that no light has yet
been thrown on the movement in
augurated by the Odd Fellows to
erect a memorial for their leader in
this State and the nation. Why the
delay? If a sufficient amount was
not raised, it would certainly do no
harm to advise the public of the
Representative Stevens says the
Democrats are doing things now in
Washington. And to think, just as
fhev were beginning to get, a pretty
good record. Senator Jeff Davis had
to let go another one of those
speeches of his.
President Lynch says the only In
structions given to umpires are those
printed in the books. He is mis
taken. The fans issue instructions
from time to time that never were
printed and never will be.
Democrats in Congress should be
careful how they practice insurgen
cy against Mr. Bryan. If they crowd
him too far. he may reconsider his
withdrawal and decide to take one
more nomination for president.
. ? i
Canadian reciprocity is endorsed
| by pulpit and press and denounced
hv grumblers and ingenious owners
of special privileges.
Mexico has exchanged one boss
for n multitude of them.
rXGKATKKl'L NEttRO VOTERS.
(We ipublish below a very sug
gestive contribution from the pen of
a colored man on Gratitude, which
will prove interesting reading to all
just at this time.)
A President of the I'nited States,
upon a certain occasion, used the
now time-honored pharse "Tell the
Truth," although long before his
time Pilate had asked: "What is
Truth;" both leaving the impression
that it was an unknown quantity in
this and in former ages of the po
litical world. But the time has now
arrived for blunt and plain spoken
words, and le3s theorizing and spec
ulating upon existing political con
The colored voters throughout
the length and breadth of our land
always have had, and I predict al
ways will have, an inborn sense of
gratitude for that political party
which befriended them when they
were sorely in need of friends. True,
they have been severely criticised
for this seeming fetish loyalty, but
they have continued election after
election to demonstrate to the world
that it was from a high sense of
gratitude, more than all else, that
kept them in the Republican fold;
?o much so that the world wondered
and the country ludicrously com
mented uipon their peculiar exhibi
tion of gratitude.
The Democratic party always de
clared that because of their servile
adherence to the Republican or
ganization our colored voters clearly
proved their unfitness in the hand
line: of the ballot.
Well, another day has arrived and
even in the State of Alabama we
now have colored men who call
themselves "Xegro Democrats," j
while in New York it is aaid that
nearly -10,000 of this new aggrega
tion votted the Democratic ticket in
rhe last Congressional election. Has
there been anything gained by this
new departure? If so, no one has
noted it as yet. The colored voter
cannot afford to be foolish; cannot
afford to be less than a man and to
follow his best instincts. Until the
Republican party proves to be an
enemy, the colored voter must be
grateful and act aerordinglv, or, in
the near future, be rlassed as a po
| The Democratic party, a.s a party,
I doe* not need and does not want to
I co-operate with the colored voters.
This fart wns clearly demonstrated
I in the late Baltimore City election on
I May 2. 1011, when by a slump of
I the actual colored Republican vote
I the Democrats elected their mayor
land city council, which council at
I once save notice that they would
I endeavor to enact ;m ordinance
which would segregate and humil
I iate the very pemple through whose
1 votes they had carried the city. Just
I where anv appreciable gain can be
1 seen by those so-called Baltimore
I colorcd Democrats is hardly manl
1 fest to the casual observer, but the
I I profit i s nil. It does not pay any
I class of voters to swap the devil for
I n witch: and it is lust os well to
1 "bear tho ill* we have than to fly
" to others we know not of:" it is just
Mas well to be a grateful loyal Ue
M publican as to be a foolish, brainless
-I colored Democrat. Voting the Dem
I'locratic ticket will not change thf
. 1 policv of the Democrntic party fo
rward the colored voter; educating
I the colored voter will not change
I tho policv of the suffrage, and ever
I disfranchisement of the entire col
1 ored vote would not ehaufro it|B pol
i icy, and only the entire effacemenl
. of this class of voters would satlsf)
7 the political policy of that party
* The universal suffrage when you
_ count the American colored vote*
as a factor in the -quatlon: and no
political trick of dcclarlt.* himself
to be a burnt-cork Democrat will
ever prevent that party from stand*
l. ing In the progressive pathway ol
f the colored people whenever it get?
" the opportunity.
Compare the policy of the Demo
. era tic party with the fol lowing words
i of the present Chief Executive and
I am sure It will eminently demon
, strate why the great majority of our
colored voters have an HVborn grat
itude for the Grand Old Party. Pres
ident Taft once said:
"The Republican platform expllc
' itly demands justice for all men
without regard to race or color, and
just as explicitly declares .for the
enforcement, and without reserva
tion. In letter and spirit, of the thir
teenth. fourteenth and fifteenth
amendmetns to the Constitution. It
is needless to state that 1 stand
with my party squarely on that
plank in tthe platform, and believe
that equal justice to all men and
the fair and Impartial enforcement
of these amendments are in keeping
with the real American spirit of
(Continue from Page One.)
I Quartett ? hove's Old Sweet Song ? ?
Misses Boyd and Crawford, Messrs
Palmer and Dennis.
Oration ? The Man and the Tool ?
Victor DeShtelds. Bridgeville, l>el.
Oration ? The Gift of Power ? As
biLry Toyer? Eakles Mills, Md.
Oration ? An Appreciation of Sorer
College ? Hazel Dillard, Charles
ton, W. Va.
Vocal Solo ? Virginia Crawford,
Oration ? The True Hetro ? Cities
H. Palmer, Sea ford, Del.
Oration ? Will Power and Success ?
Roy Johnston. Pittsburg, Pa.
Oration ? We Climb by the Ladder
Which We Build ? Clara Woods,
Lungacre. W. Va.
Awards were made as follows;
honorable mention of Victor De
Shields. Bridgeville, Del.; second
prize to Roy Johnston, Pittsburg,
Pa., and first prize to Charles H.
Pal-mer, Seaford Del.
Commencement nay dawned c-ool
and promising. The teams came
early and before noon the cam.pus
was crowded as is usual. The large
crowd was unusually quiet and in
tense interest was manifested in the
program of tbe morning.
The program as rendered was as
Salutatory ? Mary F. Parker CooKs
Oration ? America's Debt to the
Jew ? Roibert E. King, Kimiball.
Solo ? The Spring Has Come ? C.
Oration ? The Advantages of an Ed
ucation ? Alice P. Whittaker
Charleston, W. Va.
Class History ? Frank P. Wheaton.
New York City, N. Y.
Solo ? It Is Morn ? James A. Thom
Oration ? The Ho>ly Grail ? Trulia
B. Jones, Cleveland, O.
Class Will Evelyn A. Mallory, War
Solo ? Dreaming of Yoti ? Alice P.
Oration ? The Art of Living ? Clau
dia L. WTatkins.
Class Prophecy ? Roy W. McGhee,
Buckhannon, W. Va.
Solo ? The Song of the Soul ? Mabel
Oration ? Charles Arter, Harpers
Ferry, W. Va.
Quartette ? Misses Burke & Freeman
Messrs. I/. Wheaton & Thomas.
Oration ? The Farmer, Henry Von
I^eeston, Parlmaribo, Dutch Gui
Valedictory ? Henrietta Smith, Gay
The class of - 1911- excelling all
j others in nunVbers was composed of
the following individuals:
Charles Stimner Arter, Harpers
Ferry, W. Va. /,' *f f
IxHiise Anna Bannister, Millwood,
Va.; Hilda Edora Hamilton, Pitts
burg, Pa.; Ethel Miae Jackson
Charles Town, W: Va.; Ida Mae
Thompson, Pitt?*burg, Pa.
Ella Isabel Arrington, Shenandoah
Va.; Violet K1iza>bf*th Burke, Charles
Town W. Va,; Ma/hel Beaaley,
Pittsburg, Pa.; Sarah A dole Free
man, Rhepherdstown, W. Va.; Wal
ter Wayman Harris, Hagerstown,
Md.; Herbert Price Howard, Brooke
ville, 'Md.; T,ucy Virginia Hunt, Wash
ington, f). f\; Trulla Bessie .Tones,
Cleveland O. ; Robert. E. Alexander
King, Kimball, W. Va.; Evelyn An
nette Mallory, Warrenton, Va.; Roy
WHHam MeOhee, Buckhannon, W.
Va,; Fred Raymond Morrin, Charles
ton, W. Va.; William Samuel Mos
?et, Brownnville, Pa.; Anna Marie
Oram, WaHhington, D. C.; Mary
1 Frances Parker, Cooksville, Md.;
? JameH Edward Scott, Mart inp/burg
? W. Va.; Pattie Smith, Gaylord, Va.;
Henrietta Smith, Gaylord Va.; Clara
. Belle Snowden, Charlestown, W. Va;
( George Frank Taylor. Charleston, W
? Va.; James Arthur Thomas, Happen
? Ferry; Henry VanLeensten, Pari
. <mar1bo, Dutch Guina, 8. A.; Ed ware
j Wasley Walker, Frederick, Md,; Ab
i 'bey Marella Wainwright Charlei
i Town, W. Va.; Claudie Zelvia Wat
. kins, Parkeraburg, W, Va.; Laytor
T *7 v
APII Students registered at the West
^911 Virginia Colored Institute in the
Fall term oi 1910. Ten States and Africa were
represented. v H
The Winter Term Begins Jan. 4th, 1911
' THE ' 1
Is the largest and best equipped school
in the state for the education of the
14 courses offered. The school is in the
most flourishing Negro community in
the state. Healthful climate. No
For iurther information address
BYRD PR1LLERMAN, Pres.
Institute, West Virginia
John Wheaton. New York City, N.
Y.; Frank Parker Wheaton, New
York City, N. Y.; Alice Pidgie Whit
taker Charleston, \V. Va.; Eliza
Theresa Williams, Charles Town, W
The Alumni Exercises of the af
ternoon were vitally interesting.
They took the form of metniorial ex
ercises in memory of him who
wrought for Storer as no man ever
wrought, or can work, Prof. Brack
et!. Dr. Henry M. Ford, D. D.,
Millsdale. Mich., delivered a care
fully prepared appreciation of him,
in which he pointed out the salient
characteristics of br. Brackett, de
votion to duty and to his fellow man,
keenness and clearness of intellect',
warmth of heart, love of the pure,
and honor for those who worked and
did esantial things, -it ww-tnr- rhr?
Quent presentation of things remini
scent of Dr. Brackett. Following
hinn Rev. Wlm. H. Jenkins, '78, paid .
a fine tribute of respect to his for
mer teacher and friend. in the
course of his remarks many tender
references to the wise leader, pa
tient guide, inspiring teacher . and
father in Isreal were mane. Beau
tiful music sang by the memibers
of .the Aluimni ? songs which were
favorites of him whom they were
honoring added an indescribable
touch of pathos to the occasion.
Many times during the hour tears
flowed freely from many who had
not known them tor years. The unveil
ing of a fine marble tablet placed in
the chapel wall behind the rostrum
was performed by little Lionel New
comer. son of Prof, and Mrs. New
comer, and grandson of Mr. Brack
ett. The hush which fell over all
as the little fellov* drew aside the
flag covering the marble placed in
-memory of his grandfather was most
eloquent tribute to the sacredness
of the memory which all held of him
who lived and wrought and died for
Another very interesting exorcise
of the day was the unveiling of the
bust of Lincoln, a gift from the class
of 1911 to the school. The program
rendered to an appreciative audience
was as follows :
Martial Selection ? College Band.
Chorus ? Battle Hymn of Republic
? Class 1911.
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address ? Lay
ton J. Wheaton.
Quartet? Misses Burke & Freeman;
Messrs. Thomas & Arter.
Emancipation Proclamation ? Wil
liam S. Mossett Brownsville, Pa.
O. Captain, My Captain ? George
Frank Taylor, Charleston, W. Va.
Music ? John Brown's Body ? Class.
Presentation of Bust of L'ncoln?
Fred R. Morris, Pres. of Class,
Charleston, W. Va.
Unveiling of Bust ? Violet E. Burke
Charles Town, W. Va.
Acceptance ? Pres. Henry T. McDon
Song ? Star <Spangled Banner ?
This bust, of Lincoln is counted
a very excelent likeness of ' the
great ICanancipator and mo?t fitting*
ly adorns the halls of this scnool.
The Commencement concert,
, Thursday night at which time the
? Operetta "tSylvla" was presented, was
a fitting close to a commencement
filled to the full of interesting things
The cha/pel was paored and the ren
i dition was a very decided success
in every way.
At the conclusion of the morning
< exercises the President made an
nouncements of honors won as fol
1 lows: Winners of fourth year schol
- arships, Ora Belle Mitchell, Elklns,
* W. Va.; Marttle Napper, Harpers Fer
- ry, W. Va.; Third year scholarships,
i|Eno Brown, Bluefleld, W. Va.; LIl
lian Proctor, Dickerson, Md., Junior
scholarship,. Christine V. Dean, Wa
terford, Va.; Senior Scholarship,
Mary Frances Parker, 'iCookesvile,
The winner of the Alumni Schol
arship was Frank P. Wheaeon, Now
York. This is the irrst time it nan
(been won by a boy since its founding
four years ago.
During the year just ended the
college has added the John Brown
Fort to its plant, tne new Lincoln
Hall has been occupied, the pipe or
gan has been built and used for tho
first time at Commencement with
Prof. W. F. Hastings, Charles Town,
The need for a larger water sup
ply has been inoperative. . The. an
nouncement that friends had made
Mfe mmretTOi of a "wafer' system
possible was greeted with great joy
by all. It. was announced that a
silo would be built at the barn and
that the Bowen Lecture Roomi orig
inally intended as a laboratory would
?probably be fitted up for individual
work in chemistry and physics, thus
giving to the school one of the best,
The musical instruction at Storer
is to be greatly enlarged by the addi
tion to the faculty of Miss 1-da Fran
ces Horton, of Dorchester, Mass., a
graduate of the New England Con
servatory of Music of a few years
with most excelent recommendations
from the Conservatory. She is fit
ted to teach most acceptably vote
culture, having studied that five
years at the conservatory. Besides
her skill in piano and her voice she
is a pipe organist and will offer in
structions in all three courses. With
[ pipe organ at hand Storer will thus
be prepared to offer to those who
wish to study music very unusual
advantages. Already there ia evi
dence that students of music will he
here nexit year in larger num<bera
than heretofore. Miss Horton has
done some very fine work as a con
cert soloist. Her voice is soprano.
There is already every prospect
that next year will be a prosperous
one for the college. Already a large
number of applications for admis
sion are on file.
The conclusion to commencement
week, the annual "baseball game be
tween the college and grads, was
played as usual. But the college was
too strong and at the end of the
seventh inning it was called. The
college had allowed the old fellows
to get one score while they garnered
a dozen and then stopped any further
moves on their part. King pitched
a gilt edged game and Tindley
caught like a professional^ That
night, Friday, the ? students and
friends, who had come from far and
wide, said good bye and left the old
college quiet and content.
N FX J HO MAY BE MIDSHIPMAN.
Washington, June 14 ? The report
that an Ohio colored youth is to be
admitted as a midshipman at the
Naval Academy was a lively piece
of gossip at the Navy Department to
day. Sofar as the Navy Department
officials and Congressmen at the
Capitol were concerned no one knew
anything about it.
No. 4 Special Buggy only $65.00
A Value Unequaled, Sold on $1.00 Profit Margin.
PROM FACTORY TO USER
Write for prices and other styles. Send for Catalogue.
C. R. PATTERSON & SONS,
LARGEST NEGRO CARRIAGE CONCERN IN THE UNITED STATBS.
HENRY T. M'DONALD, N. O. BRACKETT, , v
President \ t Treasurer. | \
Harper's Ferry, W. Va
Fotiflded in 1807 ? -
More than 400 men and women have graduated here. The oldeit
school in the state for Colored students. Magnificent location. Eleva
tion high. Remarkably healthful. Ample ' buddings. THKE5J NEW
BUILDINGS BEING ADDED TO OUK PLANT THIS YEAR Tlie regu
lar faculty of sixteen highly educated, earnest teachers does not Include
Our Library catalogued according to the Dewey System, Is one of
the larjgest In the state.
FIRST G KADIS CERTIFICATES ARK GRANTED TO THOSE MEltf.
HERS OF THE GRADUATING CLASSES WHO ARE RECOMMENDED
TO THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. Storer is Interdenominational
In its faculty and student body. Its whole influence Is toward Christian
living., Literary Societies, Christian Organizations, Musical Clubs,
Bands and Sane Athletics.
COURSES: Academic, State Normal, Industrial, Music.
Fo+ Illustrated catalogue and other printed matter write to ']
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