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Home Phone HI. It entered In the at Chariest oaa, W. Vt., m class matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: months SO. 50 months 1.00 ???? year . 1.50 THK KKAIj 1>ANGKR. There is no occasion for alarm on j^e part of the white people of this fHate because the Negro population shows a slightly larger rate of in crease. They still outnumber the colored people about eighteen to one, thus making the fear of "Negro domination" groundless. The Negroes, however, can not view the increase of their number with as little concern, tor the reason that it has come about very largely through migration from other states of a type of undesirables, of men brought here to labor in the indus trial centers, who too frequently mis take license for liberty. Coming as they mostly do from Virginia, North Carolina and Kentucky where wages are lower, school terms are shorter and the attitude of the whites to ward them is more hostile than in this State, they are endangering the civil and political privileges not only of themselves but of the entire race in West Virginia. This state of afTairs has come about through th^ development of coal mining and the consequent de mand for labor. In but few in stances have the law-abiding, prop erty-owning Negroes of other States responded. Those who have heeded the call are, for the most part, the unattached, ignorant, happy-go-lticky element who are the best patrons of the saloon-keeper and form the reserve force from which the population of the penitentiary is re 'cruited. This being the situation those Negroes in the State who have anv regard for their civil and political status must "view with alarm" this influx and hope that it will either be diverted or that those who come hereafter may be of a higher type; otherwise, the movement for .Tim Crow cars and disfranchisement will grow apace. PYTHI A XS, BRWA IlK ! The intelligence comes from Park ersburg that the white Knights of Pythias, having been but lately ad vised of the Georgia Supreme Court opinion against tht Negro order o 7 the same name, are seriously con sidering a movement for similar leg islation If: this State. L?et the Negro Pvthians beware. The fact that a bill having their elimination as its object failed of passage in the last Legislature does not immunize them against, future molestation. The Carr bill would have been written in the statutes now if the Democrats had controlled the legislative and executive ma chinery. In fact, no such control was necessary. The bill would have become a law with the aid of Re publican votes, had The Advocate not aroused the Negro lodge executT\T5s to the danger and aided them to open the eyes of the Republican senators to the true import of the measure. ?Y If the Democrats gain control of the State government next term, not only the Pythians but other Negro fraternal societies will suffer the wrath of the great god Prejudice. It will matter not how much nor how ably they argue for their con stitutional rights; it will not avail them to eite how much money they have paid out for caring for the sick and burying the dead, nor yet how many thousands of dollars have been given to widows and orphans, thus preventing many of them from becoming public charges; it will not avail to point out the rank injustice of such legislation, its infringement upon manhood and property rights. The measure will be passed and it will be up to the Negro fraternities to fight it through the courts. Let _the_ Pythians beware. D1SPER8K THE ViOUXUKIl". The Advocate is not of those ready to throw conniption fits because the ?white residents in the neighborhood of the proposed Majestic theatre pro tested against its establishment. True, at first sight the opposition seems to have been inspired solely by prejudice, but such was not the case. The Negro people themselves are responsible for the agitation. They must, if they would pive the same square deal they demand for them selves, charge the movement, to their OWn confirmed habit of gathering in front of their houses of assembly afad obstructing the sidewalks. Nr. lady, colored or white wants tr force her way through a crowd ol Jostling men and boys such as b . "Wont to congregate before Xegrc places of amusement or worship. This and this alone is the consideration "We believe, actuating the white resi flints to object to license being grant od the theatre in that neighborhood All of which reminds us to cai he attention of the churches agai; to the men standing outside ever; time their doors are open. They ar< luitually maintaining' the fiulsanci the fear of which prevented the re Opening of the Majestic 011 the sit hut itnorant th abfife They mum know that passeraby are frequent!; ' forced to cross the street to avol< k tho crowd of lounUera, particular!: on Sunday nights, yet no effective method has been pursued to breaV ? up the practice. ' Is It a subject for amazement oi i resentment that a theatre Is opposed in the residential section when the churches tolerate the cause? POPULARIZING THK SCHIXMjS. It is too much, perhaps, to expect from the session of either or both of the State teachers' associations any plan by which the public school may offer more practical education )to $. larger number of those for whose benefit they are supposed to be maintained. Each will, it is true, listen to talks on vocational train ing, but discussions on the best meth ods of educating the head will con sume all but about ten minutes of tho two days' sessions. And as it is in these gatherings of teachers, so it is in their school rooms. All boys, though eight of every ten of them must earn their living with their hands, must devote their time to learning that "all Gaul is divided into three parts", the capital of Afghanistan is Cabul, or crowd their head with some other similar information about as useful to those whose school life must be limited as a fifth wheel to a wagon. This is the course laid dovrti by the school board, you say, teacner. True and 'tis a pity. It is a pity that a plant in which so many mil lions of dollars are being invested yearly should turn out so little of the desired product; that a system designed for the greater good of the whole, should in reality tend toward a goal which only one-fifth of one per cent who enter the race ever I reach. Statistics shovw that forty-five per cent of those entering the first grades or our public schools- drop out be fore they reach the sixth grade, and only one-fifth of one per cent, of I the first grade entrants get to col lege. And yet the public school courses, with but few exceptions, lead only to the college. The ninety nine and four-fifths per cent, are left to fit themselves as best they | may for lifes' struggle. This is why the higher the grade the fewer the scholars. The white boy or girl whom neqtessity / com pels or inclination leads toward vo cational training must seek instruc tion in shops or special institutions. The colored youth, aware that a few additional years in the public school will not command higher wages as a porter or domestic ser vant, plunges into the wage-earner ranks at the first opportunity. As leaders of thought and moulders of opinion, the teachers can do much toward making the system of public education productive of larger re turns; they can forward the move ment to popularize the public school by paying more attention to the education of the hand. The pur suit of such a course is not along the beaten path, but experience has ! shown that education for education's sake alone does not appeal to the masses. They think the four years si>ent in high school could be better devoted to learning a trade. To this opinion the average man will sub scribe. THK PRIMARY PI, AX. The Advocate is late this week, but its clientele, we feel certain, will pardon the delay When they are informed of the reason. In keeping with our platform of supplying our readers with all the real, live news that can be crowded into these col umns, we are publishing the plan in full adopted by the Republican State Committee for tile primary election of state officers. The manu script was late in reaching us; hence the delay. In no other Negro paper and in but few white ones will the primary plan be found 111 full. Advocate readers are urged to study it care fuly and acquaint themselves with its contents, because its adoption means much to the future success of the political party with which they lare affiliated, and its general" ac ceptance will largely affect their political future. WAS IT AN OVHKSM;ht? Advices received at this oftice this week from the Pythian Supreme Lodge headquarters at New Orleans are to the effect that, not having been invited to be present, the Su preme Lodge will not be officially leprescnted at the unveiling of the Starks monument, Monday; if it is unveiled. If the failure to invite the officers to witness the unveiling of the monu ment to him who rehabilitated the Knights of Pythias and made the Order what it is, was an oversight it is an inexcusable one, and, un fortunately, of a class with the shorT . sightedness which has characterized all the plans for the ceremony. > First, a season of the year when > inclement weather is the rule rather [ than the exception, is decided upon; * then, the Pythians outside the |;ate ) are ignored. There could hardly be ; a worse exhibition of lack of judg , ment, or is it exaggerated ego? - Probably a combination of boiTi! Some of those who have heard . how the Supreme Lodge was ignored, 1 advance as an excuse for the action i the failure of the Supreme Lodge v to contribute to the erection of the p monument. How childish! A MAX n would not have stooped to a revenge - so puerile. e The true reason, very likely, and e tn 1 tn*t I cttl t -- ,, ? ? ? ???*' ' 1 Bhip. Th*t h?h*<*th*t in' mine y when ho overlooked thfe Supreme 9 Lodge officers. it would >e more rek i aonable to auppo**, aft such" a sol fist motivo la more In line with previous WASHINGTON, I>. C. Wilbur 1\ ThirkieWl, L. 1j. |>M Pres. Located in Capital of the Nation. Campus of over twenty acres. Ad vantages unsurpassed. Modern, sci entific and general equipment. New Carnegie Library. New Science Hall. Faculty of over one hundred. 1382 students froru 37 states and 10 other countries. Unusual opportunities for self-government. No young man emces. Graduates helped to posi or woman of energy or capacity need be deprived*of its advantages. COLIjKGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES Devoted to liberal studies. Courses in English , Mathematics, Latin Greek, French, German, Physics, Chemistry Biology, History, Philoso. phy, and the Social Science.s such as are given in the best approved col leges. Sixteen Professors. Kelly Miller, A. M., Dean. THE TEACHERS' COLLEGE. Special opportunities for teachers. Regular college courses in Psycholo gy, Pedagogy. Education, etc., with degree of A. 13., Pe<Jigogic.al course leading to degree of Ph. B. High grade courses in Normal training. Music, Manual Arts, Domestic Sci tions. Lewis B. Moore, A. M., Ph. D., Dean. THE ACADEMY. i Faculty of 13. Three courses of four years each. High-grade pre paratory school. George J. Cum mings, A. M., Dean. THE COMMERCIAL COLIjEGE. Courses in Bookkeeping. Stenog raphy, Commercial Law, History, Civics, Etc., Business and High School education combined George Wm. Cook, A. M., Dean. SCHOOL OP MANUAL ARTS AND APPLIED SCIENCES. Furnishes thorough courses. Six instructors. Offers four year courses in Mechanical and Civil Engineering and Architecture. PROFESSIONAL SCHOOTjS. The School of T!ie<?Iogy ? Interde nominational. Five professors Broad and thorough courses. Ad vantages of connection with a great university. Students Aid. Low ex penses. Isaac Clark, D. D., Dean. The School of Medicine. ? Medical Dental and Pharmaceutical Collegs. Forty-nine professors. Modern lab oratories and equipment. Connected with new Freedmen's Hospital, cost ing half million dollnrs. Clinical fa cilities v not surpassed in America. Post-Graduate School in Polyclinic. Edward A. Balloch. M. D., Dean, 5th and W Streets, N. V/., W. Q. McNeil, M. D., Secretary, 9 01 R Street, N. W. The School of Law.. ? Faculty of eight. Courses of three years, giv ing a thorough knowledge of theory and practice of law. Occupies own building opposite court house. Ben jamin F. Leighton, L. L. B., Dean, 4 20 5th St. N. W. 2t. Progressive Bee Stinger j (Continued from page one.) of Senator J,aFolette is concerned there is no sentiment for the Wiscon sin man. Attorney-General William G. Con ley will not be a candidate for re nomination to the office he now oc cupies. Formal announcement of that fact was made during the week, and that is one place on the ticket to be filled at the state-wide primary, which will be open to full and free competition. Attorney-General Con ley, who filled the 'unexpired term of the late Clarke W. May, and is now rounding out a full term to which he was elected three years ago, haa been one of the most popular of the state officials. He has given his full time and at tention to the duties of the ofUce, which has been chucked full of im portant litigation like the Virginia debt controversy, the Maryland boundary suit and the two-cent fare case, all of them pending in the 1'nited States Supreme Court. The latter two cases will probably be settled before General Conley retires from office. The reason for the action of Con ley in declining to be a candidate again when it is certain he could receive the nomination without a con test, was not given, although his friends assert that he will be ft can didate for Congress in the Second District in an effort to redeem the district from Congressman William O. Brown. Conley will not say that he will be a candidate, but he and Brown live In Prestort County, and the boosters of Conley say that he is the only Republican in the dis trict who can prevent the strong Republican county of Preston from giving Congressman Brown, another majority. General Conley has nev#>r ? been beaten for public office. He ili l; ode of tew Qt'tSSKeiiowa who ) can look a political Job in the faqe - ' and turn It dowh. He has be^ty la i the last two sesslo&s of the Lecrial* \ tare from Marshall County and dur } lug the week rMused* & Cuban Cou ! sulate to form a partnership with 'j. B. Handlan, the Ohio County Prosecuting Attorney. Moore made good in the Legislature, and both former Senator N. B. Scott an1 4 United States -Senator William Chilton insisted that he take the Cuban Consulate, but' he doslioci to remain on West Virginia soil. 1 liv new partner, Bearnie Handlan, 1s one of the most popular Democrats in the Panbandl/ having been elects ed in a strong Republican county. Wyoming County . has another courthouse light. A few years ago the historic Qoeana reluctantly i>artr ?d with the temple of justice when a majority of the voters insisted that it should go to classic- Plneville. Mul lens is a new town in Wv^Hnu County, but it has put on metropoli tan airs since it has a railroad -and a bank, and it Is making the same demand of Pineville that the latter made of Oceana. The County Court of Wyoming ^vas not disposed to hear the petitioners who desired a reloca tion of the county seat and this week an appeal was made by the support ers of Mullens in the Supreme Court of Appeals for a writ of mandamus to compel the County Court to face the music. Following Mullens the iinlocated town^of Lusk will take a whirl at the county seat. If some of the Democratic breth ern, who would like to sit in the ex ecutive offices of the state govern ment, do not take a hunch Wylie W. Deall, the Wellsburg banker, is go* ing to canter away with the guber natorial nomination During the week George I. Neal, Vice Chair man of the Democratic State Central Committee, entertained for the Brooke County statesman at Hunt ington, and to the dinner a nujnber of the representative Democrats of Cabell County were invited. The ambition of Beall was referred to several times and Beall, as thq guest of honor, would not deny that he had been stung by the bug. Quietly the friends of Beall are forming the nucleus of an organization which nay grow to such proportions that will impress the Democratic leaders, who are as yet non-committal so far as the candidacy of any individual is concerned. The only out-spoken opposition to Beall has come from State Senator George W. Bland, of Doddridge County, who is prone to believe that Beall is a corpulent plutocrat, because he was one of the first Democratic leaders to sing the praises of Clarence W. Watson when the latter was a candidate for the I'nited States Senate. The opposi tion of Senator Bland to Beall ought not hurt the Wellsburg banker much with the Fairmont Senator. Lincoln Was Tail's Theme (Continued From Pago One.) that the world, and especially the literary world, has come f ully . to recognize and enjoy. "Mind Luminous With Truth." He was a lawyer and a good one. He studied his cases hard, and he prepared his argument with the force and clearness that might have been expected from one of his men tal make-up. His unind was lumi nous with truth. His conscience was governed by devotion to right, and the tenderness of his heart was ' only restrained by his intellect and jhi.3 conscience. The story of his dealings with McClellan, with the members of his cabinet and with others unconscious of the great genius and heart with whom they were in personal touch exasperates the sympathetic reader and arouses a protest that vents itself in contempt toward many of those who surrounded him and yet did not measure the great nature t^y were privileged to know. The diary of his cabinet officers ; shows how, under the very nose, and generally with his clear percep tion of it, political " "com bin at ion s were ;>rmed, only to be dissolved and fall harmless through the pa tient tact of thi? master of men, this greatest of diplomatists. When he camo to the presidency he had oilly the experience of two terms in the' legislature, of one term in congress, of tfie political discussions and debates in an Inte rior district and of the great de bate with Douglass. He had no training at all in administrative matters, and when there was pre sented to him the awful task which the threatened secession of the southern states presented, he had to feel his way. TVi?ls Met in His Cabinet* Reward, having been beaten by Lincoln by accident as he conceived and feeling himself much ihettei* qualified for the presidency, did not hesitate t r> attempt to ureurp Lin coln's functions" as President,' by distributing patronage in various departments until in that quiet, masterly but humorous way, Lincoln ' took the reins and held them to the ?end. With Beward, with Stanton, ! with Chase, he had his trials. With no knowledge of military 1 strategy, he developed out of his i Own study a clearness of perception A IUVKK SCENE AT INSTITUTE FALL TERM BEGINS. SEPTEMBER 20, 1911 Various Industrial Courses are Offered . Climate Healthful , Surroundings Goo d CATALOGUE FllEE. _ ADDRESS BYRD PRILLERMAN, President , Institute, est Virgin , c - ? ? ? ^ ? - and a common-sense view of the J needs of the army which makes his letters models of strategic sugges tion. In the outset Mr. Lincoln en countered the difficulties that fall to the lot of any responsible head of government, difficulties which are intensified by the greatness of the issues at hand, but which all have the same characteristics when tney arise from the overzeal of moral reformers. Those who had washed slavery abolished felt toward Mr. Lincoln a greater degree of hatred and con tempt during the two years of his administration than even the rebels themselves. Brooking no delay, *ac cepting every excuse as a mere pre text, they pounced upon Mr. Lincoln with emphatic denunciation and bit ter attack but he knew better than they what was necessary before he took the step of emancipation they were suppressing. lie knew better than they the loss of support he would suffer in the border states. He knew better than they that he must delay until the emancipation proclamation could be issued, not to break up slavery, but to effect a constitu tional amendment, but only for mil itary reasons, and with military purpose, and so he bared his breast to the shafts of crittcy^ from the most important element oT tlie republican party and waited. No man in public life was ever so much abused as Lincoln. The contrast between his position in his tory today and the description of him by his friendly critics during the civil war can hardly be cred ited. The great reason for the present memorial is the constant reminder it furnishes of the unexplained and unexplainable growth and develop ment, from the humblest and homli 08t soil, of Lincoln's genius, intel lect, heart and character that Ttavo commanded the gratitude of his countrymen for the good he worked with them and awakened the love and devoted admiration of the world. Veterans of both Union and Con federate armies, notables of states and nation, representatives of the army and other government depart ments were here in numbers and twenty special trains brought peo ple^ who had assembled in Louis-, vifle. IilTKRARY NOTES. Mrs. Wharton will contribute to the Christ/mas number of Scribner's a satiric story filled with humor* entitled "Xingu," in which one type of the modern woman's club is ridiculed. Richard Harding Davis in the Christmas Scribner's, under the title "The Invasion of England/' describes the amusing features iof a great war scare in which two Ox ford undergraduates play an im portant part. A. E. W. Mason, whose serial "The Turnstile" is a feature of Hcribner'B Magazine will havo two plays in America this season ? "Green Stockings," now being played by Margaret Anglln, and "The Witness for the Defense" which wiii appear later in the win ter. Mr. Mason was a member of the last parliament and he has used his experiences in soane chapters in "The Turnstile." Four gr,oui>s of "Dickens's Child ren," painted by Jessie Wilcox Hmith, will be reproduced in color lor the Christmas number of Scrib ner's Magazine. Henry Van Dyfce, in the Christ mas Number of Scribner's Magazine, has a new.,, form of short story, a soi^ niodern fable, which he calls "Half-Told Tales." These have a pertinent application to present con ditions. The construction line of the Grand Trunk Pacific has furnished Mary Synon with a new setting for a number of short stories that | are to appear in Scribner's Maga ! zine. The Christmas number will contain "Allemande I^eft!" with its ? amusing group of young engineers* ! Barry Benefield is the name of a new writer who will appear in the Christmas Scribner with a story of New York entitled "Old Johnnie." 1 Ho has written also stories of the Louisiana bayous which will appear in later numbers. G. E. Woodberry, who has spent most of the year in.. North Africa, j h>is returned to this country. On#? of his most striking poems entitled "The Flight," will appear in the Christmas Scribner. Kenyon Cox, in The Field of Art jof the Christmas Scribner, discusses | the question: "Has our production in painting sufficient hokhogteneity" .and suflicient national and local ac cent to entitle it to the name of which there is, undoubtedly, a French school * and an English school?" THREE VESSELS DM SIGNS OF DISTRESS (' Chatham, Mass., Nov. .17. ? Threj \<psels flying the signals of diotrefcs were sighted off Monotdny Point today. Two men were lashed to the ringing 01 one of them. A heavy gale is blow ing. BALKED AT (701.1) VSTEEL "I wouldn't let a doctor cut my foot off," said H. D. Ely, Banatm, 6hio, "although a horrible ulcer had been the plague of my life for four years. Instead I used Bucklen's Arnica Salve, and my foot was soon eompltely cured." Heals, Burns, Boils, Sore3, Bruises, Eczema, - Pimples, Bttres ? Pile eure, 25c at all druggists. ll-2-5t l combine three important qual ities, all of which 110 other one thing possesses: 1 Beauty 2 Durability 3 Investment Value You can use them without decreasing their value. They have charm of beauty which no other gem possesses. As evidence of success in life they give prestige. . They steadily increase in market value. We are offering attractive prices on choice diamonds. The Jeweler & Ojtki?i? 208 Capital Street. STARTS MUCH TROUBLE. If all people knew that neglect of constipation would result in severo indigestion, yellow jaundice..or viru lent liver trouble they would soon take Dr. King's New Life Pills, and end it. Its the only safe way. I^esi for billiousness, headache, dyspep sia, chills and debility. 25c at all druggists. ll>2-5t Lame back is one of the most com mon forms of muscular rheum; atlsm. \ few applications of Chamberlain's ];inin?ent will give relief. For - Bate by all dealers. i J. E. Johnson Co., Funeral Directors and Embalmers. ALL CALLS PROMPTLY ATTENDED. OUR PRICKS AUK TJIK MOST REASONAHUC. For Promptness and Care Try Our Ambulance Scrvice. Open <l??v and night. Phono 2472 (>(H) SUMMERS STREET. () I [ A KIjESTON, W. VA. Special Attention Given Out of Town Calls .