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The advocate. [volume] (Charleston, W. Va.) 1901-1913, August 08, 1912, Image 1

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CHARLESTON, WEST VIRGINIA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1912
MWWPWMWBWPWPWMW?? WH? BBMB? W I I1 " ?" 1 "
\\]W THE ADVOCATE.
we chekkfulijY publish Al.l
qusr NKW8 NOTES FROM ALL
(MOTIONS.
VOLUME XII.
Addresses
Delivered
i
liY Dlt. <JW88E JOHNSON AT THK
NATIONAL KEWGIOUS TRAIN
ING 8OHJOOL1
a
Dr. D. Webster Davis
Tile Greatest Living Negro Poet
Noctures on the subject "Negro
Ideals*'. Prof Boyer's
Address.
Durham, N. C , August 3. ? tfhe Mtfd
of message that will cause young and
old people to .reflect and br'ing some
thing worth tfrfe while to pass was de
livered last Wednesday at the National
Religious Training School, .this city,
by the eminent church historian and
authority on apologetics, Dr. Jesse
JoLuson, of Xenia, Ohio. Tihils lec
ture will undoubtedly become a potent
leaven '.in the activities of hundreds of
people. He prescribed the right kind
Of remedy that will prevent many so
cial ill-: that are common to humanity.
There was a kind of enthusiasm mani
fested by the audience that ind'icate-J
thai they deeply appreciated the lec
?ture by Dr. Johnson on the subject,
"Practical Thought for Practical Young
People. "
1m the outset Dr. Johnson, in part,
said: "I believe iin the efficacy of
work. Labor will not conquer all
things, but it will conquer conquera
ble tilings. It is the only thing that
does."
"Catch the inspiration of the liimcs,"
exclaimed Dr. Johnson. Another im
portant phase of the lecture was that
one should know what one's natural
?? endowments are ana not imagine tihat
h.igh places are at the will of the 'in
dividual. For the success .that one
strives for, he said, t'hat one should*
have a pure life during the period
when one's character is mobile and;
flexible. One of- 4 he cardinal features'1
Of this lecture was the ?p^aker's abil-j
ity to make the audience seriously con
sider the import of ibiis message and to
appreciate what moral backbone means
in the development of character. He
gave fitting illustrations of the many
misunderstandings In the religious and1
other activities of men, whicn ho said
could be avoided by taking time to see
the. other side of the question at issue.
Dr. D. Webster Davis, who is now
con idered the greatest living Negro
poet; -!lie Maik Twa/in of ebony hue;
one o/j the most popular lecturers in
, America; one of tne leading Negro au
thors and author of the Negro 'his
tory now being used in schools in ma
ny of the Southern states; a philoso
pher, able preacher, educator and one
of the most potent factors in the de
velopment. of the Afro- American peo
ple, oegan his series of lectures on the
subject, "Negro Ideals," Friday after
noon, at this school. He i* drawing
large ciowds from both races, as he
does in every section of the country.
He -is regarded among the material
element, of the race as a sane leader
and in many instances he is more pop
ular than Dr. Booker T. Washington, i
Saturday morning a- representative,
audience heard Dr. Davis deliver nis
sreond lecture on "Negro Ideals." He
diseufsed "Domestic Ideals" and clear
ly revealed the sacredness of the home
and said .that the home is a divine in
l
stitut'ion and t'hat the lOnglish people (
was especially a domestic people. He
said that owing to the Negro's condi
tions in this country that his domestic
ideals are practically new to him.
"God is doing better work," said the
popular, but practical speaker, -in
t.'iowing that the Negro is making en
couraging progress in his domestic
?life. '
l.ast Friday night a large audience
received a treat in the form of an able
lecture by Pi of. Chas. H. Boyer, St.
Augustine School, Raleigh. His sub
ject was his recf/at trip abroad. This
lecture was full of interesting things
that would broaden the average stu
dent. Prof. Boyer is a graduate of
Yale and one of the leading educa
tors iu the race. He has done a re
markable work fn the developing of
characters of hundreds of young peo
ple.
Dr. Davis will lecture eatih day un
til August 11th, at which -time the
summer school and Chautauqua will
close. Dr. S. N. Vass, the widely
known Bible instructor and lecturer
will give a series of lectures during
the week. Miss Hallie Q. Brown, the
famed dramatist is another big attrac
tion for the closing week.
/
' Y/'9
-J
Self-Restraint in the
Use of Authority
* A Lack of Fairness and Poise Showiii
by the Average Negro on Reaching
A Palace of Distinction and Powei4
? The Young Negro May School
Himself to Avoid Wrecking Him
self on the Hidden Hocks of
Austerity.
(Editorial Contribution lo the South'
em Life Magazine.)
Revpect for the opinions of others is
something to which we cannot all lay
claim. It 'is not by any njeans neces
sary that each Individual in .this world
should read. Rlackstone's Commen
taries in order to get a clear idea of
a per sou's individual rights and privi
leges ? those: he is entitled to demand
for 110 reason other than that his is a
iane 'human being.
It ought to be necessary only to call
the attention of any warped, biased
intellect to the necessity, for his own
future good, of thinking and meditat
ing cm the solemn tru.ths proving that
every person, ignorant or intelligent,
is due a healing when he is concerned
and desires .it, and that according to
the teaching of Christianity and of civ
ilization generally, every person's
opinicas ought to be considered and at
least be respected as h;is right 'to
them even though they cannot be ac
cepted.
The infidel, sceptic or agnostic has
i right to .expresfc the conclusions of
his reasonings; so has the anarchist.
It seems to us that we need be seri
ously concerned in our treatment of
any qne only in -co far as that person
iMows litis opinions to influence his ac
tions toward us or toward his fellow
ma rr generally.
We feel safe in concluding that there
is never an excuse for contemptuously
disregarding, discounting or villifytoig
any individual because cf his thoughts
or opinions merely. It must be ad
mitted fc'.iat it is every one's unhinder
ed light o think and to, express h.is
thoughts should he see fit so to do.
We fear that the Negro can lay a
j far smaller claim 'to a share of this
full realization ?* of individual ngth'ts
than can any other race ot people. Im
posed upon most unneasoMably when
a slave, legislated against as a free
man and treated as t'hough he landed
upon this eart;h accidentally from
some other planet, the average black
man today finds himself falling out
repeatedly with h.is neighbors who
may chance to enteritain opinions at
variance to his own. It seems to be
a "natm al result following past les
sons taught him w.hen he was power
less to decide what he wished to
learn.
On coming into possession of a 1 i t -
tlif> authority we find t.'he average Ne
gro overbearing; not wearing ih.is hon
ors with becoming grace and humility.
We find him often discounting the
wishes, desires or demands of hiis sub
ordinates, and falling out entirely with
any who might entertain thoughts and
opinions that, cannot coincide with his
own. Unreasonable ness often holds
Hway in his decisions and actions.
The young Negro who is gradually
gaining a place in the world is there
by warned that if he wishes perma
nently to retain influence with his fel
lows and enjoy their highest respect
and esteem, be must ever be watchful
to retain his poise and equilibrium; .
not to become ihaughty, domineering I
and tyrannical, but to remember that J
the possession of power gives him no
further right to treat people as peo
ple treat cattle, t'han he had whcm
fmt he was born.
Every aspirant for place and posi
tion should hold in mind that however
strong are his convictions in any di
rection, there exist diametrically op
posite convictions, just as strong as
his, and the persons possessing th-em
have a perfect rght to them, and uot
only can but should expect decent
treatment from him in spite of these
differences. Any one who cannot see
the wisdom of these observations is
narrow indeed. And he who will not
be influenced by th? advice here giveu
must be a hopele.s cave and a comkig
tyrant.
We feel that the young Negro espe- |
eially needs to learn tnese kssons. He
ought never forget that whatever oth
er way his feelings dictate, he is un
reasonable when he falls out with a
fellow because he beats him in an ar
gument.
? ? * ?
IOWA l'O ST/M A ST K 1 18 IN SESSION
Spirit Lake, la., Aug. 6 ? The an
nual tate convention of th*e Iowa
League of Postmasters met here to
day and; will continue in session ov
er tomorrow. A majority of the prin
cipal cities and towns of the State
are represented.
National
Association
HOLTkS THIRD ANNUAL. SESSIO?*
AT ST. PAUL, ?J U Li Y 15-10.
Excellent Program
i Noted 1VI?il Speaks and Vocal ami
Instrumental Solos Rendered.
The Negro National Educational
Congress held its third annual ses
sion at St. Paul, Minn., July 15
19. The sessions of the Congress
were held in the assembly hall of
the old State eapitol. A very ex
cellent program was rendered. The
local committee of which Dr. J. R.
White was chairman secured the
city auditory which is conceded to
be the finest in the Northwest. The
Congress held ks session in the au
ditorium Tuesday evening, the 16th
at which time the mayor of St.
Paul and the governor of Minne
sota delivered welcome addresses
on behalf of the city and State.
Both the mayor and governor paid
very high tributes to the progress
which the race has made during
the last 43 years. The governor is
an apostle of vocational education.
Very excellent responses on behalf
of the Congress were made by
Prof. Small wood of Clairmont, Vir
ginia, Rev. Morris of Norfolk, Va.,
and lawyer Harrison of Oklahoma
City. All of these gentlemen made
very excellent addresses. The gov
ernor expressed himself as being
in full accord with the aim and
object of the Congress. The mu
sical feature of the Congress was
of the most excellent character. In
addition to the orchestra there were
several very excellent vocal and in
strumental solos. Miss Nannie
Burden of Kansas City, Mo., car
ried away the- laurels as a soprano
soloist. ? Miss Burden spent 18
months in Europe singing in Lou- .
don, Paris, Berlin and other lead
ing cities of Europe. She appeared
several times in Buckingham Pal-'
ace.
t
Many social, economic, indus
trial, educational and religious ad
dresses were made. All phases of
the race problem were touched up
on from practical points of view.
An address will be sent, to the
press of the country setting forth
the objects of the Congress in full.
Among those present were Prof.
Smallwood of Virginia, who has
just dedicated a $50,000 dormitory.
Prof. N. C. Bruce, Principal of the
Dal ton Industrial and Collegiate
Institute of Dalton, Mo., the Tus
kegee of the West; Dr. McCrory,
President of Biddie Univ., Drs.
Bowling, and Morris, of Norfolk,
Va., Dr. Gray of Chicago, lawyer
Harrison, and Prof. Debnam of
Oklahoma City, Mr. Blair, wealthy
farmer of South Dakota, who owns
1800 acres of land, Mrs. Embry,
the editress of Colorado Springs,
Pres. J. Silas Harris of Kansas
City, Mo., and a host of others too
numerous to name.
By requet of the governor
visited the Capitol building and
were shown through that magnifi
cent building. Minnesota is said
to have the finest State building of
any other State in the Union. The
delegation was received by the
Governor who responded to an
address delivered by Doctor
Morris, of Norfolk, on behalf
of the Congress. Minnesota enter
tained the Congress at Minnehaha
Falls on Thursday and in the au
ditorium of the City Thursday
night at which time the Mayor de
livered the welcome address for the
city of Minneapolis.
It is the consensus of opinion
that this was the most successful
session the Congress has ever held.
Prof. 'I. Silas Harris of Kansas
City, Mo., was re-elected president
and Rev. -I. W. Robinson of St.
Albans. \V. Va., was elected Na
tional Statistician and \*icv- Presi
dent for West Virginia. The next
session will be held at Clairinont,
Virginia.
CHINA TO HAVE AMERICAN
MADE SHOES
The first American shoe store in
China will he opened noon in Shang
hai and will he a "Walk-Over" Store,
managed by Walter A. Baldwin, of
Brockton, Mass.
Col. Roosei
EXPRESSING VIEWS ON THE POS
AL POLITICS ANI> HE REPRKHH
GATES IN THE NATIONAL. OON
PARTY.
New York, August 2. ? In a letter
written. to Julian Harris, of Atlanta,
editor of Uncle Rem up'.* Magazine,
i.Md son of the late Joel Chandler Har
ris, Colonel Roosevelt, expresses 'his
views on :t lie position of the Negro in
national politics, and the representa
tion of Neg.o delegates in the conven
tion of t.'ie Progressive party in Chi
cago In part Colonel Roosevelt
writes:
"In pursuance of our conversation I
write you this, letter. There is a pe
culiar fitness in writing it to the son
of itlie man whose work made all
Americans his debtor^ His life and
his work tended to bring his fellow
countrymen. North and Sout'h, into
closer relations of good will and -un
derstanding, and surely it should be
needless to say that the author of 'Un
cle Remus' and 'Free .Toe and the Rest
of ;the World* felt a deep and most
kkidly interest in th$' welfare of the
Negro.
"Many letters dealing with the sub
ject of which you spoke to me have
been sent to me within the last few
days. Those written by men living
in the North usually ask me to insist
that we get from the South colored
delegates to the National Progressive
Convention. Those written by citi
zens- of the South ask thait I declare
that the new party shall be a wh'ite
man's party. I am not able to agree
to either proposal.
"I?n this country we cannot perma
nently succeed .except upon the basis
of treating each man on his worth
as a man. We can fulfill pur high mis
sion among the nations of the earth,
we can do lasting g$>od to ourselves
and to all mankind only if we so act
that the humblest among us, so long
as he behaves itn straigtolt and decent
fashion, has guaranteed to him under
the law his right to life, to liberty, to
protection from injua-tlce, his right to
enjoy -the fruitu of his own .honest la
bors and his right to tlje pursuit of
happiness in his own way, so long as ,
ne does not trespass on the rights of
others. For us to oppress any class
of our fellow citizens 'is not only wrong
to others, but hurtful to ourselves.
Surely no man can quarrel with tho-e
principles.
"I believe that the progressive move
ment should be made from the begin
ning one in the interest of every hon
est, industrious, law-abiding colored
man, just as it 'is im Ithei interest of
every honest, industrious, law-abiding
white man. I further believe that the
surqst, way to render the movement
impotent to nelp .<;i!ther the white man
or the colored man in those regions
of the South where the colored man
is most numerous, would be to try to
repeat the course that has b?en fol
lowed by .the Kepubliean party in those
districts for so many years, or to en
deavor in the. states in question to
build up a progressive party by the
earn?' methods which in tho^e states
have resulted in making the Republi
can party worse than impotent.
"In the South the Democratic ma
chine has sought to keep itself para
mount by encouraging the hatred of
'th'Ci white man for the black; the Re
publican machine has sought to per
petuate Itself by stirring up tihe black
man against the white, and surely the
time has come when he should under
stand the mischief in both courses and
should abandon both. I believe that
wherever the racial issue is permitted
to become dominant in our politics
always works harm to both races, but
immeasurably most harm to the weak
er race. I believe t'hat in this move
ment only damage will come ;if wo
either abandon our -ideals on the on?
hand, or, on the other, fail resolutely
to look facts in the face, however un
pleasant these facts may be.
"In many of the states of the Union
where there is a considerable colored
population we are able in very fact and
at the present moment to bring the
b^st colored men in the movement on
tibe same terms as th^white man. In
Rhode Island and Maryland, in New
xork and Indiana, in Ohio and Illinois,
in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 4o
speak only of states of which I have
personal knowledge, thi.- is now be
ing done, and from some or all of these
states colored delegates will be sent 10
the National Progressive Convention
in Chicago.
"In the Republican National Con
vention the colored members have been
almost exclusively from the South, and
th:> great majority of them have been
men of sucft character that their i>olit
ical activities were merely a source
of harm, and of very grave harm, to
their own race. We, on the contrary,
are hoping to s-:e in the National Pro
/eJt's Letter
ITION OlV THE NEGRO IN NATION
NTATION OF THK NFXiKO DKL.K
VKNTION /OF TOE PROGRESSIVE
\
gressive Convention colored delegates
from the very places where we expect
to UM-velop our gratest strength, and
W9 hope lo see these men of such
character that .thdur activity shall be
of benefit not only to the people at
large, but ic-speciall/ to Oheir own
race.
"For 45 years the Republican party
has strivon to build up in the South
ern states in question a party based on
the theory that the pyramid will un
supported stand permia n'ently on its
apex instead of on its! base. For 45
years the Republican party has er^
deavored 'in -these states- to build r4p a
party in which the N ?gro should tye
dominant, a party consisting, almost
exclusive of Negroes. 1 ?hof-^3 who took
tie lead in thi:> experim ent were actua
ted by high motives, an- 3 no on'e< should
now blame them becaus e of what, with
ithe knowledge they th? in had and un
der the then existing circumstances
they stiove to do. Butj tin actual prac
tice the result has been lamentable
from every standpoi- at. It. fhas been
productive of -evil to the colored men
fcbEmselves, it lias beevi productive on
ly of evil to the white men of the
South and it has wo.vked the gravest
injury to, and finally the disruption
and destruction of, t'he great Republi
can party itself.
"There has in thei past been much
venality in Republican national con
ventions in which tfliere was an active
contest for the nomination for Pres
ident * * * for the most part
among the Negro d elegates from these
Southern states. F'inally, in the con- I
vent-ic-a at Chicago last June the
break-up of the Republican party was I
forced by those rc?tten-borough dele
gates from the *3outh. In the pri
mary states of t'lio North the colored
men in most placers voted substantial
ly as their whtte neighbors voted. But
in the Southern! States, where ^here
was no real Republican party, and
where -colored m^en, or whites selected
purely by colore*! men, were sent to
the convention, re presenting -nothing
but tlreir own greed for money or of
fice, the majority was overwhelmingly
anti-progressive. , Seven eighths of t;he
colored men from these rotten-bor
ough districts upheld by their votes
the fraudulent actions of the men who
in that convention defied and betrayed
the wiifl of the mass of the plain peo
ple of the party.
"It would b,(v. 'not merely foollBh, but
criminal, to disregard the teachings
of such a lesaon. The disruption and
destruction of the Republican party
and the fact" that it. lias been rendorol
absolutely impotent as an instrument
for anything but mischief in the coun
try at large, has. been brought about
in large part by the effort to pretend
that, in the Southern States a t^liam
?is a faot, by the insistence upon treat
ing the ghost party in the Southern
States as a real party, by refusing to
face the truth, which is that, under
existing conditions there is not and
cannot be in the Southern States a
party based primarily upon the Negro
vote and under Negro leadership or
the leadership of white men who de
rive their power solely from Negroes.
?With these 45 years of failure of this
policy in <the South before our eyes,
and with -catastrophe thereby caused
to a great national party <not yet Bix
weeks distant from us, it will be crim
-inal for the progressives to repeat trie
course of action responsible for such
disaster, such failure, such catastro
phe.
"It would be much worse than use
less to try to build up the progressive
party in .these Southern States where
there is no real Republican party, by
appealing to the Negroes, or to the
mon w ho in the past have derived their
sole standing from leading and manip
ulating the Negroes.
"1 earnestly believe that by appeal
ing to the best white men in the
South, the men of justice and of vis- I
Ion -as well as of fltrength and lead
ership, and by frankly putting the
movement in their nands from >the
outset we shall create a situation by
which the colored men of the South
will ultimately get justice, as it is no'
possible for them to get justice if we
are to continue and perpetuate the
present conditions. The men to whom
we appeal are the men who 'have stood
for securing the colored man in his
rights before the law, and they can do
for him what neither the Northern
white man nor the colored men theni
selve- can do. Our only wise course
from the ?f and point of t'nc colored man
himself is to follow the cours'e that
we are following toward him in the
North and to follow the course we are
IfoHowittg toward him in the South."
,ii, Ti n iiiin^fe
"** ? T-n- - . ?:
At tike Nation's Capital ?
N y ?
v %
THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS OF DOLl^VRS DUB OOIiORED B*
? SOLDIERS. ? IMPROVEMENS AT FREEMAN'S HOSPITAL. PRESI- :
DENT TAFT 'APPOINTS HON. SHERMAN ALLEN, ASSISTANT SEC
RETARY OF> TREASURY.
Many Happenings of Interest
Justice in 'dight for Min^o Saunders.
Mcetftif;. ? Chicago'c Delegation to
Correspondent Talk^s ? B. M. ,C?
Hampton. The News in a Nut
, "S
Washington, d. C., August 7.?
"Thc/e are, *i:n all probability, thou
san\ts and thousands of dollars lyinj
in the United States TrepiUiry, due -col
ored ex-soldiers and sailers of the Civ
1 il and Spanish-American Wars," was
the statement made recently by Wil
liam I?. Houston, ex-grand 'master ol
the Colored Odd Fellows, and now a
practicing attorney, with offices in the
Dietz Building, 7th ancl F streets, of
thus city. Prior to practicing law,
Mr. Houston was for Ja number of
years a clerk .in the War Department
here, and as is-uch, became familiar
with military laws and ^records.
Bounty, Prize-Money and Pensions in
* 'Strong-Box.""
Continuing, Mr. Houston said:
"It seems almost incredible that
colored ex-soldiers and sailors, or
their heirs, would fail to file claims
for monies rightfully due them from
the government. In many cases, how
ever, heirs are (ignorant of ithe fact
that any money is due their relatives
wV.io have served in either the Civil
or the Spanish-American War. In
some cases the money due is 'prize
money'; in others it is bounty, arrears
in pay or pension. During the Civ.il
War and dining the Spanish-American
War, there were many colored sailors
who served on American ships that
captured ships of the enemy. Such
are entitled to 'prize money,' and if
they did not receive it, they are still
entitled to .it. Then, there are cases
of colored soldiers or sailors who
served in the; Civil War, enlisting be
I fore a certain period, who are entitled
to a bounty of $100 per year served.
If tfiey we're; not j^aid bounty at
the time of their discharge, the?n they
or their hplrs are still entitled to it,
and can secure it ;now by filing clatim
for it. And, there are many colored
veterans of the Civil War and some of ,
thtf' Spanish-American War, w>ho can
doubtless prove their claim to a pen
sion, or perhaps to some arrears in
pay, for in not a few instances, soi- 1
diere and sailors fa.iled to receive all
due them at the time of their dis
charge;, or perhaps, *if killed, or dying
in the service, their heirs, failed to re- i
ceive all that was due them as pay."
Hound Claims That Have Been Paid.
As. Mr. Houston practiced regularly
before the Departments at Washing
ton, he is familiar with all procedures
necessary to secure wihatev^r is due
colored ex-soldiers and sailors, or their
heirs, from the United Statos govern
ment. Mr. Houston referred to, or
rather, cited three recent instances of
heirs of colored men who served eith
er in 'the Army or Navy branch of the
government, filing claims and securing
the money due them. In' one in
stance h'O cited, a w.idow made claim
for and received over $1,000; in an
other case, a widow made claim and
received over $400; and in a third
case, a widow was paid over $100. And,
he added, that in hi.?' opinion, there
are scores and scores of others, who,
if they will but Hie and prove their
claims, are entitled to a comfortable,
sum of money.
Mr. Houston, noted for his public
spirit and ever willingness to help all
kinds and conditions of mankind, stat
ed 'that he, himself, -would gladly
take tip any case of colored ex-soldiers
or sailors or their heirs, which might
he called to his attention. "The gov
ernment is sure pay," said hp, "if a
claimant proves his claim; hut they
must prove all claims. Wthite eoc
soldiers and sailors, or heirs of the
same, are constantly ? daily ? filing
claims. Hut, remarked Mr. Houston,
it is a rare thing for a colored person
!o file a claim. Why our people are <0 '
slow, ;t is difticul to fathom. The
time to act is now."
Improvements nt Freealmen'# Hos- !
pitnl. j
Not nearly as many p;ople know as '
ought to know that there is at the
nation's capital, primarily, for the
benefit of the Negro citizens of the
Republic, one of the very largest, fin
est and most completely equipped hos
pitals in the world.
This is Kreedmen's Hospital, estab
lished shortly after the Civil War, as
a part of the movement that gavp to
the Negro race Howard University. its
much-needed medical school: and other
facilities for the propagation of the
higher training of the newly-emanei
. . .
pated colored people. Visitors who :r.
come to Wash It j>' invariably ask'
al)oiit this majr ^ /it institution, aid
?It is pointed ^ as one of the eon- :>v- /JI
spicluous "r J? places" of the towft.
It is idea* ^ dialed in North Wash*
iington, c t * rise of one of tib$ c$p
ital's p o* hills, fitting sysmetrfa- >1^
cally ,*n education and <qlvic cen- ? Sjij
ter ' a destined to become famous*
the nai.on over. It. faces the open
grounds of Howard Park, with Horyr-.v. ; l-:j
ard University towering in tne re^rk;i
Howard Medical School to bhe souitih- 1?;
ward, flanked by Mott School on the V'
East and the site of (the new $250,000'' . ^
Normal School No. 2 to the westward", A I
surrounded by t?hie? homes' and churches X { -^
of the representative colored oitizetis . """? 3
of the district. It is one of (the pret- '
tiest and most healthful spits to be
found anywhere. The structure ds of />J|
? v ? > ? VSM
brick and is two stories high, ?o ar
ranged in a series of wings that a ^.aSSi
v'i
" K'f'
!
1904, and covers practically all of the
tract bounded by 4th and 6th, Trum- >. Vs
bull and College streets. For itihie ap- %
propriations that led to the new build- '
ing and its development, the (hospital
authorities are very grateful to ithe
good offices of Senators W. B. Allison
and Benjamin Ryan Tillman. Fos
tered by humanitarians <Ln Congress,
ihe growth of the institution has been
rapid, but solid. Lt has now 278 beds,
i? provided with the most modern
pliances and apparatus for its surgi
cal, medical and chemical depart
ments, and has a corps of lemployeas ^
numbering about 100 peraonB. Its <vlB- ,
iting and consulting statf embraced
: ome of tihe mosit. noted men in. the pr?^
fession, and it lis regarded as no small
honor to be a nvember thereof. The
operating expenses last year were $69,
000, and this year's estimates call fofi
$74,000. The hospital .is a ? govern
ment institution, a buseau of ithe In
ferior Department, and is for all the
people, but social conditions here are
such that 'it come to be known as a
colored institution. The bulk of tits
patients are of our raofc and the m&n- >
aging authorities are colored. 2,900
patients were treated last year, Uaited V
Sta.tes and District; 12,712' prescrip
tions were compounded; 1,767 opera
tions were performed and 983 emer
gency cases were handled. Some of
the most intricate operations known tft.
Ohe science have been performed here.
The entire plant is> valued at not less
.than $750,000 ? three-quarters of a mil
lion ? and it has not. yet reached the
zenith of Lts great possibilities.
Beginning July 1, a "pay ward" was
established, for the accommodation of
persons able to pay, but previously ? v
barred by the law restricting service
to the 'indigent. EJventually a $60,000 t .i
building will be erected especially for '?
the pay patients, if the recommenda
tion of Dr. Warfleld goes through. An
orthopedic ward is ateo one of the new
features asked for, along with an elec
?tric ambulance, an ice-plant and ad
ditional employees, logether with an
appropriation for the beau tiflcat ion of
the- grounds. Not long ago a nurses
home was built on the grounds, at a
cost of $40,000. The Nurses' Training
School Is one of the best bramohes
the institution. It has sent 230 train
ed women to various portions of the
country, and thi* year there were for
ty-two taking the three-year course. A
pathological building, to cost $25,000,
"s one of the possibilities of the near
future. Great pride is taken by Dr.
Warfleld in the new and well-worked
out "card index" system, through
which the records of ,the institution
are faithfully kept and from which
any fact can be gleaned in a moment's
'inie.
Surgeon- in- CWtf Worfleld "A
Mad^ Malt."
Dr. William A. Warfleld, the pro
gressive and ever-alert surgeon-hir
chief of Freedmen's Hospital, has held
the office since 1001. He Is a "self
made man" ;in l he truest sense of <the
term, rising steadily by dint of his
own efforts and indomitable pluck
from obscurity to eminence. A native
of Montgomery county, Maryland, he
started out as a farmer's boy, work
ing from dawn until dark for the mu
nificent salary of twenty-five cents per
'? \*syn
(Continued on page ttirwH
(i ?' ?js

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