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OCR OOIiCHNS BRINO m rr. VOLUME XII CHARLESTON, WEST VIRGINIA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 15, 1912 ? ? t THB ADVOCATE. WK OHEBEFUIaLY publish all CRISP NEWS NOTES PROM . ALL SUCTIONS. IN OBJECTING TO NEGRO OELE . GATES OF PROFESSIONAI i TYPE FROM SOUTH, Praises for West Va. i t . ? Nominee of Progrewive Party Holds TbiM State up as an Example of What the Bull Mooso Hope to Ac complish In Furthering Better R?c 1 ia! Relations. ?Chicago, August 7. ? Col. Theodore Roosevelt went far to tihc front yes t r terday on the Negro question. At nifcht his outspoken utterances re-' ceived -emdoreement from Negroes thHynselves, some of whom were con testing delegates, who had been de prived of seats in the Progressive na tional convention. During his afternoon speech in the Coliseum, Col. Roosevelt, being about to conclude, was asked by a man in the galleries: "What about the Ne groes?" The colonel diverged from his set speech and answered the question in deJtail. He said the familiar Negro politician of the South ? under 'the conditions through which ho has been fostered ? has no place in the councils of tire new party. Recognition in |)ue Time. 'Ultimately, the colonel said, the honest Negroes of the South and the ?wihite men of the south Atlantic and Gulf states will realize the new spirit which has been born in political and social life, and that the same r?qog nition will go naturally to the Negro, as is evidenced in the election of Ne gro delegates to the present conven tion in Maryland and West Virginia, unprecedented in other 'national con ventions. As to the north, he said, the proper relation- already has been established, to the complete satisfaction 6f the representatives of the .white men and of the colored race. The course as mapped out by Col. iRoosevelt in a statement of thirty minutes was ' ratified a few moments later by the delegates when they adopted the report of the credentials committee which leaves the southern states without a Negro delegate in the list. Negroes Pll,(lR'e Support. At the meeting of the Negroes !n the evening <a resolution was adopted approving of the attitude of tihe col onel and calling on the voters of their race to support the Progressive tickei and policies. One of these Negroes said at the meeting it was better for his race to bo treated as men, individually and on their merits, and to exercise tliei: political rights where good can be ac complished, than for two or three col ored delegates 'to strut up and down the streets of Chicago wearing bi<,' badges and having hope of office. 'More than t\Vcnty Negroes called on Col. Roosevelt in the evening to sa.v they would support him in the stand he had taken on the Negro question. Som? of them were delegates, the colonel said,. and others had been re fused seats in the convention. Colonel's 'Stand on Question. Col. Roosevelt's statement before the convention, giving his attitude re garding the Negroes, was this: "Nobody can ask me a question I am afraid of. I heard over therfc, did I not, some query about fchfc Negro question. Now, wait a minute. Any respectful requests for information I will always have an answer for, and during my administration I never did anything I was afraid to bo question ed about and 1 shall not begin in the Progressive party. "There has been distributed here ? letter which I wrote to Mr. Harris three or four days ago. In that let ter I set forth my views and the rea sons back of my views in detail, and I think with a clearness that will pre vent any misapprehension, but I ran give you by example just what I mean by 'the policy f am advocating. "I think the American people is a mighty good people to lead and a mighty poor people to drive. T think we can get the best results from our fellow Americans in o^her sections of tho country by treating them as wo expect them to treat us, and by our selves living up in our own homes to the principles that w? profess,. Question Policy of I'ast. ? "In Republican national conventions hitherto there has been a large rep resentation of colored men, all froin non-Republican slates. Now, just 4. t . >*.? wait; I want you to follow what I say. The virtue of the Republicans of the Republican states taking , only the form of trying to make the Dem ocratic states be good. Do you see what I mean? v "The colored delegates all canve from the states that never cast a Repub lican electoral vote; that never elected a colored man tovpttice, where largely, owing -to the action participated iu for forty-five years by the Republican party, the colored man haB, as a mat ter of fact, gradually lost all his polit ical rights. So that 'the old policy of attempting to impose on the southern, states from without a cer tain rule of conduct toward the Ne gro has, in fact, broken down. "And, friends, I regret to say that every man who has ever been to a national convention knows that the character of the great majority of the colored delegates from the south, from ?those old rotten borough states, was such as to reflect discredit upon the Republican party and upon the race itself.-* (Applause.) * Favors Northern No^ro Delegates. "Now, wait just one moment. I am giving you the explanation as ?min utely as I know ihow. Now, as soon as the Progressive party was formed I at once set about, as many other men in different states did, securing from the ? northern states themselves an ample recognition of the colored men in the states, so that as a mat ter of fact there is in this convention a representation from the Republican states of colored men such as there never has been anything like before in any convention in the country. (Applause.) "Now, just wait a moment; and more than that, a representation of colored men who in point of charac ter, intelligence, and good citizenship, stand on an exact equality with any of the whites among whom they stand. (Applause.) / Praises West Virginians. r "Now, wait a minute. Give me a show. Just before I began my speech >'ou may remember that (here was a good (leal doing (laughter) ? two col ored delegates from 'W;est Virginia came up to shake hands with me. I do not know their names. One is the state librarian of West Virginia; one is a colored business man .from West Virginia who had never taken any great 'Interest irt politick before. Never before .has West Virginia sent two colored delegates to a national convention, and the colored delegates it sent are in character and standing the peers of the white delegates from that state. "Now, we sent colored delegates from New York; they sent colored delegates from Rhode Island. Do you think Rhode Island or West Virginia or New York would have sent them if they had been told thry had to? They wouldn't have. They wouldn't have. You had to let the movement come from within. (Applause.) "Now, wait a minute; just wait a minute. This is a, pre'tty important matter. From Maryland?" Col. Roosevelt was interrupted by cries of "Pennsylvania and New Jer sey also." Continuing, he said: "And Pennsylvania, you have dele gates; yes, and New Jersey, 1 know that. Now, wait; den't ydu tell me what I know. (Laughter.) No KITort at Dragooning. "From Maryland and West Virginia there have come to this convention colored delegates sent because they represent an elrment of colored men who have won the esteem and respect of their white neighbors, so that all the honest and decent men can join in sending the delegates of both col ors; cyid they send them here hon estly and send them hero of their own free will. "That is what we Progressives have finally succeeded in doing in the north. We haye done it. by simply c/ncouraglng the best men in the north to act as squarely by the colored man ] as they would by the white man. We have not done it by trying to dragoon the white man Into that action. "The other system of 'trying to force in the far southern states conditions that we cannot make exist there has failed. I propose to take toward the southern states the exact attitude that we -took toward West Virginia and Maryland, and I believe in adopting! (hath action we shall naturally and spontaneously see from those southern states the repetition of the conditions in West Virginia and Maryland. <?o that in future Progressive national conventions you will see colored dele gates come from the south Atlantic and gulf states precisely as they now come from West Virginia and Mary land. Agrees With Julian Harris. "Now, Jtist. wait a moment. I ask you to look carefully at the letter 1 wrote ? you have had copies of it ? (Continued on page four.) t, % Negroes Endorse Progressive Stand * ~ i Delegates. t*> Jiull Mootif Convention in Fu|i SyiniMitby AVith Action Withholding lieprejientation from Rotten Borough* in the South. Chicago, August 9. ? Pull endorse | ment was given yesterday to the Roosevelt and Johnson itieket by all of 'the Negro delegates to the recent Progressive national convention. A I formal statement signed by the col ored men was issued through "the Progressive national headquarters. -It was signed by the following: J. R. Gleed, N. Y.; J. E. Church man, N. J.; The Rev J. C. Love, N. J.; Dr. 0. .T. Branch, N. J.; G. L. P. Taliaferro; Pa.; J. W. Iloimcs, Pa.; Dr. S. G. El bent, Del.; J. L. Mitcheli, R. I.; J. P. Evans, Md.; L. H. Daven port, Md.; Dr. R. ? Wilder, D. C.; George Collins, D. C.; J. R. Pollard, Va.; J. C. Gilmer, W. Va.; C. H. James, W. Va.; W. A. Le.w'is, Tenn.; Thomas Pearson, 111.; W. A. Bell, Ohio; Biehop J. M. Conner, Ark.; Dr. W, H. Suggs, Ark.; Dr. W. E. Wat son, Ark.;. E. T. Alexander, Ark. Issues Official Statement. "We, the colored delegates 'to the ' t national Progressive convention, held in Chicago, in order to correct cer tain misleading statements sent out by the press- to .the1 country at large, and to urge all American citizens, the support of the Progressive party, de sire to clear the situation," says the statement. "For the first time in history colored citizens of the north and east 'have been sitting as delegates in a, great national convention, a privilege here tofore enjoyed only by the colored delegates from 'the sontli. This recog nition forever fixei* his status as a charter member of the Progressive party ? a new political party ? which knows no north, 110 south, 110 east, 110 west, 110 race, no creed, no sex ? but only American citizenship as a party ' requisite. "By reason of irregularity and non compliance with the call issued for [?the state convention;' the state- of' 1 Florida in which wrere held two ccn v6tttl'0Ti3?ofic colored and one white--' was denied representation. Poiuts to Mississippi Case. "In Mississippi, where two conven tions also were held, one a mixed con vention and 'the other white, the mix ed delegation was denied admission and the white delegation was seated, >'.he mixed delegation admitting they did not claim the legality of their convention because they did no't meet in compliance with the authorized call. "The charge of lily wihitism against the Progressive convention lis false. Arkansas elected a mixed delegation wi/.;h' five colored delegates four of whom attended the convention; Ten nessee sent one, Kentucky one, Mary land two, and 'W^cst Virginia two; thus the charge of lily whitism was made for the specific purpose of en gendering political strength and em barrassment and' with the hope of alienating the colored vote. "We heartily welcome the leader ship of Theodore Roosevelt ? a man of courage, convict ions, and unquestion ed integrity. 'We hail with the high est admiration Gov. Johnson, the giant of .the west, and we greet with loud acclaim Senator Dixon, 'the- magnetic, incomparable political general, a tii umvirate wlnich has done things and will accomplish more." NEWSFAPIOH FLOP'S TO T. It. Huntington, W. Va., August 13. ? Tho Huntington Herald Dispatch, the leading Republican newspaper of Southern Wo^t Virginia, in an "edito rial which will be published Wednes day morning renounces its allegiance to the National Republican party and pledges its suppoit to Theodore Rooso velt. F. A. MacDonald, 'the -editor of' the Herald-Dispatch, is a Republican nominee for .tho Legislature. WKST VIRGINIANS IN LINK Huntington, "W. Va., August 13. ? The first Progressive party club in the state was organized 'here tonight, when ovtr 500 voters, among them many Democrats, assembled and ef fected an organlbation pledged fo Roosevelt. Senator D. U. Smith was elected president. hkokij:y VI I0KTI N(? OF \V. VA. BAPTIST STATU ( H)N V KNTIOX Ai*<?. 2N-:*0. All delegates expecting to attend this convention should notify A. I). Clark, Hockley, VS. Va., so that ar rangement can h'i made for your en tertainment. J. J. TURNER, ? Corresponding Secretary. ANtWiPAPJY - . !6erTHCY0>>N<i-| [SrCRjw?T"TH? ?-Bartholomew In Minneapolis Journal. Uplifting MARKED CTjOSING WEEK OF SUM , MER SCHOOL AN1) OHAUTAU QUA AT DURHAM. Prominent Speakers ? 1 c v * 1 > ? iTh , ? i From All Parts t>f the Country Lec ture oh/I^wI^ of Goncr?l Infcerewt, I Religious fqi/i-ScH-iilar and ^VhuhI , or of IiiHtittftfba is ?*<|>rate^:'d fpr fclooil Work* ' 'k J ?*'. i Durham,- ' N. C., August 12. ? The third annual session of the summer. t * | , school and chautauQua of the Na tional Training School, this city, J .c'osed Sunday slight. The notable .evefits of the. season will be an effec tive 'element in the great work of ra cial ascendancy. The number of lec turers from various sections of tho country that .have given most helpful series of lectures have kindled a new hope and holy enthusiasm in the breasts of hundreds of people from various parts of the country, some from as far South as Louisiana hav ing come to Durham to be inspired by this remarkable movement. The closing week was full of up lifting features. Dr. Webster Davis concluded his series of lectures on "Negro Ideals" with his lecture on "Political Ideals." lie said, some per tinent things that were of vital signi ficance to the Negro's material * ad vance in cut. "The Life of Emerson" was 'the subr ject of the lecture by Dr. J. E. Ford, a scholar, pulpiteer and philosopher and pastor of the gr^at institutional church, at Jacksonville, Fla. The broad training' of the speaker and his exceptional power of presenting facts made tliis lecture a literary feast for the audience made out of the choice products of humanity from f various sections of t*he country. The impres sion that he made upon them gave them a keener perception for the ob taining of many essential things for the development of mind and charac ter. Friday evening Dr. Ford gave a wholesome resume on the events of the summer school and Chautauqua. How this national institution waft born in the mind of President Jas. E. Shepard, was eloquently and succinct ly described by -the speaker and em phasized the wonderful power of the founder of the school to bring to pass such a potent and mammoth In fluence for the religious training and general uplift of the race. That the institution is similar to North field and Winona Lake chautauquag and that it has a unique place in the ac tivities of powerful agencies for the common goo.l of humanity, were among the salient features of his ad dress. He paid tribute to the various speakers; and Dean VV. G. Pearson,1 who has conducted the rummer school so successfully that it is not to be /surpassed by any other school. Dr. H. N. Vass, who has gained national reputation as an authority 011 the Bible and recognized as the greatest Bible lecturer in the raco, concluded his series of lectures on the Old Testament, Saturday morn ing. He is a remarkable character and has an originality that is strik ing. He opens up. th<? mind of those who hear him to the extent that a deeper appreciation of the Bible is aK evidence of his ability to reach thousands of people. His sermon Sunday afternoon was pregnant with practical utterances that make for a life of service. Dr. Vass followed seme of 'tihe ablest Bible scholars in the country and proved conclusively that he is able to sustain his reputa tion in such able company of think ers. The addresses of President Shepard and Dr. D. WIebster Davis, last Sun day evening, were gems. They were' .fitting climaxes to the many Influences emanating from this source of relig ious, ii^.ellectuaV, moral arid social' elements. President Shepard ' waxed eloquent in emphasizing the aims and purpo-^s of the institution. Among the many social features of the summer school and Chautauqua that is a helpful leaven in the life of the race was .the president's re ception complimentary to the faculty and students of the summer school. Thd students and faculty havo been honored by the citizens of Durham by many entertainments and receptions tendered them. Among the prominent factors in these social events were C. C. Spaulding, general nianagor of the North Carolina Mutual & Provi dent Association; Prof. C. C." Am^y, Dr. P. A. Robinson and John Me> rick, Jr. ~ Prof. W. H. SJtimson, treasurer of Biddle University and cue of the leading pedagogues of the race, was among the prominent educators that visited the summer school. Dr. P. A. Long, of Biddl>e University, and a member of the faculty of the summer school of the N. R T, S., entertaine. Prof. Stimson. Dr. Long gave Prof. Stimson; Dr. D. Webster Davis; Prof. Murray, of Jackson, Tenn., and Geo. F. King, press correspondent, a de lightful outing in an automobile last Thursday (evening. Next year the summer school and Chautauqua will begin in June and will continue for four weeks. Indica tions are that the attendance will again outnumber the accommodation of the school and it will be necessary, for teachers to send in their appli cations at early dates so that they can i depend upon being accommodated. Richard Harding Davis, in his viviJ description of "The Two Conventions at. Chicago'/ in the September Scrib ner, says that t>he first thrill of that extraordinary meeting came when a woman, a delegate from .California, for the first time in the history of the United States cast her vote in a Na I tional Convention. I Jason, the mountain koy, the hero of John Fox's serial in Scribner'8? "The Heart of the Hills" ? will in the September number arrive at the Sta'? University at Lexington, Ky. The same town is the seat, of Transylva ?nia University, which has appeared in some of James Lane Allen's stor : ies. * >:.? J htchings by American pain-tern of the present day will be described in the Field of At:, of the Septemb r Scribner by Frank Weitenkampf, Cu rator of the Print Department, of the New York Public Library. 'Ill I ? I I, I I I ,1 ???!!! 1IU JMI1 PUT II HUM Jack The Rjpper ? Reported Captured i ? Man Wlu? Him T^roriwdl Colored Cltizc?s of Atlanta for Kiid^tcca Months With a# litany Murders, is Alleged to Have ifcen Betrayed by His Wife. V Atlanta, Ga., August 10. ? In Henry Brown, a Negro, .who confessed tb is morning that he killed Eva Green and Sarah White, two comely yellow girls, the Atlanta Detective Depart ment beli-ves it has captured "Jack the Ripper" who, has murdered and mutilated 20 mulatto girls hi the last 18 months and who has kept the Ne gro population in a state of terror. Brown is 35 years old. He was cap tured in the West End last Monday, but maintained his innocence until this morning when the overwhelming evidenced forced a -partial concessions, Last year the ripper did not let a month Slip without adding a murder to his account, always using a knife and selecting comely yellow girls as victims. Brown's wife furnished the infor mation that led to his arrest. Brown'* wife says whenever a ripper murder was committed her husband invariably came home lat? and always burned his sbii't or some other article of clothing which seemed to her to be blood -sjained. She finally began to fear for her life and told the p'plice. Although Brown has .confessed only two mur ders, he has added, bj!t by bit, infor mation of other women murdered. He is familiar wiith every.; murder among the Negroes for the last twelve months. He says he saw Mary Put nam slain and that a piece of her clothing was buried near where she was stabbed. The police fou*:id the torn waist ex-] actly where lie said. I WHAT WOODHOW WILSON THINKS OF OUR ITALIAN, j POLISH ANI) HUNGAR IAN CITIZENS. "T.'.v "Th<;i:e .came mutituAes of men of the lowest clans .from tire south of Italy and men of the meaner sort* trdm out of Hungary and Poland, men out of the ranks wheue there was neither skill nor energy nor any initiative of quick intelligence; and they cams in numbers which increased from year to year, as if the countries of the south of Europe were disbur dening themselves of the more sordid and helpless elements of their popu lation, the men whose standard of life and of work were such asf Amer ican workmen had never dreamed of hitherto. * * * Chinese wer? more to be desired as workmen if not as. citizens, than most of the coarse crew that came crowding in every year at the Eastern ports." ? History of the American People, volume k, page 212. ; WILSON THE ENEMY OF LABOR "You know what the usual standard of the employee is in our day. It Is to give aa little as he may for his wages. Labor te standardized by the trades union, and this is the standard to which it is made to conform. No one is suffered to do more than the average workman can do. In some trades and handicrafts no one is suf fered to do more than the east ski 1 ful of his fellows can do within tho hours allotted to a day's labor and > no one may work out of hours at all or volunteer anything beyond the min* imum. I need not point out how economically disastrous such a regu lation of labor is. It is so unprofit able to the employer that in some trades it will presently not b% wortn his while to attempt anything at all. He had better stop altogether than operate at an inevitable and invaria ble loss. The labor of America is rapidly becoming unprofitable und-er its present regulation by those who have determined to reduce it to a minimum. Our economic supremacy may be lost because the country grows more and more full of unprofitable servants." ? From ttarcalaurcate, ?SVr mon n( Princeton L'nivcr&ity, June US, 1909. 1 President. John Finlev, of the Col lege of the City of New York, will be gin in the September Scribnrr "The French in the Heart of America," a series of articles in which lie will up build on the basis of French adven ture and exploration the civilization of 'he Middle West today. Dr. Fi 1 ley was born along a French trail and lias been a life-long student, of the subject. A few years ago he ex pounded i' at the Sorbonne as the Exchange lecturer in France. Nation's ?' : ,SENIXS DRIjBGATE8 TO tHE NA TIONAli NfcXiltO BUSINESS hEAGVK ,AT CHICAGO" " l [ New School Year Is Planned for by Dr. Shepard, Hi? rrosi>cct6 Being Very Bright? For mer Superintendent l>ies. ? Ilepoct of Hill's Cupture Creates Sensa tion. (By R. W. Thompson.) ^ Washington, D. C., August 14. ? The local branch oft he -National- Negro 1 Business League elected a group!: taf delegates Monday, evening to. tb^; Chi cago convention vc>lh,e, National - ? gro Business N ,ue, 'wliich o"pena Wednesday, v^4t 21. Dr. Julia P. H. Colenr -c" resident of tho Hair Vim Cl> c ? Company, will read; a paper ^ ' .e convention on } "Manti factr v. Hair Preparations." ' Th is to address the meeting of th\- National Negro Press Associa tion 011 "IIow Best Can Wholesome, Helpful and High-Class News of Jn- ' terest to the Race Find Admission to the Negro Newspapers of the United States." Dr. W. H. Davis, official^ /stenographer, will, as usual, ".take down" the proceedings of the Na tional League. Hon. J. C. Napier will preside over the. deliberations of the executive committee. A determined effort will be made by the Washing ton delegation to have the nfext con vention of the League held in this city. The delegates will leave .Wash ington Monday, August 19, at 3:40 p. in., in time to leach Harrisburg, Pa., to join the New York party, -which has chartered a special Pullman for the trip to Chicago. Special - rates are offered to a party of ten or more ? going from here. \ ' . Dr. Shepard Planning; for N*w School Year. Dr. James E. Shepard, flushed with the success of his summer courses and ministerial conference at the Ration al Religious Training School, is lay ing ambitious pl&'.is for the com in 3 year at his great Durham institution. At the Summer School, Dr. Shepard had a galaxy of the country's most brilliant lecturers, white arid colored, and. the students left with the- con viction that it was good to have been ' there. Teachers, preachers and stu dents generally will do better work during the coming year because of the thorough training they received at Durham at the hands of the eminent scholars and philosophers Dr. Shep ard gathered around ihlm throughout the profitable six weeks' term. Announcement is made that the fall and winter term of the school will begin October 9, and Dr. Shepard says the enrollment, already unprecedented will tax the buildings to their utmost capacity, and will emphasize, the pressing need of further enlargement. Three new buildings have been erect ed this summer, and plans have been drawn for others, to keep pace; with the constant demand for accommoda tions. Next Monday, Dr. Shepard will bd gin a tour of the New England states, in the Interest of the Ndtlohfcl Religious Training School, covering first the principal cities in Mains and New Hampshire. Because of the nec- " essity for meeting these engagements at once, the doctor will bo compelled to forego his visit to the National Negro Business League at which I10 had hoped to b? able to at tend. Dr. Shepard will stop over la Washington en route northward. Former Superintendent Cook I)ea<1, George. F. T. Cook, for thirty-five years superintendent of the Washing ton public schools, under the old re gime, died last Wednesday at. his rea^ ident. 1212 16th- street. His funeral services were held Friday afternoon at the 16th Street Presbyterian church, Kev. Francis .T. (Jrimke officiating. Interment was in Harmony Cemetery. During Mr. Cook's administration the colored high mid normal schools were established. His demise give# re newed impetus to the suggestion of Dr. Lucy K. Moten that, the new $2~>0,000 colored normal school be named in his honor. - - ; ? Secretary Mien's Phi la tifhropy. A typical illustration of the gener osity and thoughtfulncsa of Secretary Allen in handling matters affecting ^ Continued on page three.)'