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The advocate. [volume] (Charleston, W. Va.) 1901-1913, August 22, 1912, Image 3

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The Negro in the Republican
Presidential Campaign, 1912
/ Hj? George \V. KIliH, K. 11. G. 8. in the A. M. E. Review for
During tho last fifty years the de
velopment of Amciiean resources has
proceeded with amazing rapidity.
Along with the development of our
?natural resources has been the remark
able growth of American industry.
During recent ytears all the great
lines of business controlling the neees-|
saries of life 'nave b;en organized and
concentrated into corporations of stu
pendous size. More and more convpe-!
titio?a ha:- been destroyed and monopoly j
established effecting most of :the com
mon necessaries consumed by the gen
eral public. Through contributions toj
campaigns and active participation in
public affairs these big corporations
and trusts have corrupted politics and
given rise to all those economic and
political evils growing out of the sin
ister alliance between crooked big bus
iness on the one hand and corrupt po- (
litical bosses 011 the other. So that
the functions of government, state and'
national,, have boon perverted almost'
entirely from the protection of the ma- |
ny and the general welfare to the. pro
tection and the promotion of tlip spe-1
cial interests of the favored few. This
abnormal economic and political situa- ,
tion <has justly alarmed the friends of
the people and brought, forth a pro- 1
gressivc movement which threatens to '
* I
control or destroy the two great ex-'
listing political parties.
N The Progressive Movement. '
This Progressive Movement is a fun
damental attack upon the forms and
administration of government as in
terpreted by the servers of favored in
terests and embraces the best reme
dies offered by the advanced thought, j
of the country for the existing indus-j
trial and political evils. St rouge/ j
than party tics it is linked with the
real and vital welfare of t'he great}
mass of the people and is inseparable
from the future progress and happi
ness of the nation. Through the bril
liant advocacy of Col. William J. Bry
an it has finally secured control of
the Democratic party. In Wisconsin
Senator Robert M. La Follette gave
the country an inspiring example jf
what Progressive Principles enacted
into law mean for the general social
and political progress of the people.
Provident Roosevelt introduced Pro
gressive Principles into national affairs
while in oflic? aud gave to the move
ment its decided ascendancy when he
openly champ.ioncd it. from the plat
form. * j
Progressive Principles.
The chief Progressive Principles in
chid? the revision of the tariff in till
interest of the people; the regulation
of :t rusts and public-service corpora
tions in behalf of the general public;
the equalization of the burdens of tax
ation by taxing thp itewer and more
modern forms of wealt'h; the initiation
of legislation by the people which the^
want, and which their representatives
refuse to give because of the influence
of special interests; the referendum
to enable the people to defeat meas
ures antagonistic to the public weal
and which were put through by the
combination of the political boss and
the representatives of crooked busi
ness; the recall to restore to the people
the power to remove from office such
officials as have proven recreant to the
public good; the conservation of our
natural lesourccs for the people in
stead of selling them to private inter
ests for private and personal gain; and
t'he direct primaries for the nomina
tion of such state a*nd national ofliccrs
as will restore to the people the pow
er to effectively rule themselves and
to destroy the financial and political ,
oligarchy%whose domination in politics
has been attended with so mucfi in- 1
dustrlal injustice and political scan
dal. ^
The I'rccon vent ion Campaign in the
Republican Party.
In 1908 President Taft entered upon |
the duties of his office pledged to,
carry out the Progressive policies of |
President Roosevelt. He began to re- (
pudiate them in his inaugural ad
dress when he1 announced that he 1
would not appoint black citizens to j
office in H'he South whei'R the whites ,
objected. He surrender ^* the 'in
fluenco of pupdatdVy we? " ' ur
iff, the conservation of . y arces,
/ i
the control of trusts, <tde such
mi- takes in his appoin .at s and with -
reciprocity with Caiada, that when
the campaign .opened he bad little or
no- course open to him other than 10
fall under the open fjuidancs of those
vhorn he had served secretly at such j
a great sacrifice of the public inter
est. It is believed by many that he
nrant well but his refusal to with-:
draw from the presidential contest in:
compliance with popular demand re- ,
moves all foundation for such a be-:
lief. He displayed a statesmanship of!
sseing dimly what was obvious to oth- .
ers and of acting only when it was too
Ro that elected ?V h electoral votes
of 30 states in lA<w?ident Taft's '
administration after two years droVo
13 Republican states with 162 electo
ral votes from th? Republican to the
Democratic column, with a loss to the
Republican party of something like
2,01)0,320 votes. Early in his admin
istration he made the further mistake
of giving an order making persona
non grata in the departments' Pro- ,
grcsp.lve Republicans in Congress and
then withdrew "after the Republican
losses of 1910 with an admission of
its folly.
Demand for Roosevelt's Nomination.
With such a record the Progressive
Republicans of the country reached
the conclusion that unless- they could
sccure control of the Republican Par
ty and nominate a Progressive the
Demociats would win the presidential
election in 1912. During the latter
part of 1911 the Progressives met in
conference at Chicago and indorsed
Senator Robert M. La Follette as Iheir
candidate for the Republican presi
dential nomination. Senator La Fol
lette began his campaign and after .
several months it appeared that unless
another Progressive 'was brought for
ward President Taft would be renom
inated with consummate .. ease. A.
country-wide demand through six Re
publican governors was presented to
Colonel Roosevelt and he entered for
the nomination with reluctance. The
campaign at once took on new aspects
and the two leading candidates began
what has turned out to be a finish
Importauco of Negro Voter.
In at least a dozen Republican
| states the Negro voter is not only the
balance of power between the two
I great parties, but is a very important
and decisive factor in the Republican
Party. In such a contest the eyes of
?the country were turned toward the
colored citizen. His attitude in this
I -?
contest more than vindicates his citi
zenship and is believed to have much
bearing upon the future civil status of
the American Negro. The average
'Negro voter t'hrcw off the leadership
of the official Negro adviser and lined
up with the advanced and Progressive
forces of his party and his country.
His action therefore in view of what
! happened at Ch.icago is decidedly im
portant and significant.
Both Colonel Roosevelt and Presi
? dent Taft had Negro policies. Both
were president and the issues of the
I preconvention campaign turned chiefly
I on t .ieir official records and their atti
tude toward the Progressive Move
ment and the Negro race.
The Example of Illinois Presidential
In the beginning of the campaign
Colonel Roosevelt announced bis will
?ingness to abide by the will of the
people as expressed in a popular and
fair primary. President Taft through
?his supporters resisted the primary
where it was not already established
' by law and in a nunibqr of states pre
'ven'.ed any expression of the will of
the people. He failed, however, in Il
linois where Colonel Roosevelt's
friends obtained a presidential pri
mary lavv. Here the active campaign
opened with Senator La Follette, Pres
ident Taft and Colonel Roo-cvelt a!l
.'peaking in the state. Colonel Roose
velt defeated President Taft in 1 1 1 i
r.ois more than two to one with a plu
rality of 164,436 and with 121,744
more votes t^an Taft and La Folic tte
combined. The good example set by
Illinois was followed with varying
majorities by Pennsylvania, Ohio, New
Jersey, California, and all the primary
states cxcept IVlassacnusotts, where
Roosevelt delegates won by 7,000 and
Taft was declared to be the preference
by less than 4,000, result ing in each
getting the same number of votes from
that state. It would seem that any
man who had the least regard for trne
wishes or welfare of the people "would
have listened to the overwhelming
voice of these primaries asking Presi
dent Taft to retire.
TVift nn<1 Roosevelt on Brownsville.
The defeats in Illinois and Pennsyl
vania worn so humiliating that Presi
dent Taft nought in Ohio to alienato
the Negro vote^ from Colonel Roose
velt by parading the Brownsville iu
cident in connection with some of the
discharged soldiers. Colonel Roose
velt promptly closed this feature of
the campaign by exhibiting the print
ed report in the matter of Secretary
of War Taft in which report Secretary
'i aft recommended the discharge of
the soldiers at Brownsville and went
so far as to call them would-be mur
derers. Attention was also called to
the fact that President Taft had J*pcyi
in office for three and a half years
and had not reinstated a single sol
dier. The campaign then, so far as.
the Negro was concerned, fell back [
upon the Negro policies of the two
presidents while in office.
Taft and Negro Appointment*.
President Taft had made the new
appointments of Cottrell of Ohio, col- 1
lector of the port in Hawaii; White
field McKkiley, collector of the port
at Georgetown, and William H. Lewis,
assistant attorney general of the Unit
ed States, and besides a few usual Ne
fc;ro appointmpnts had retained toe
following Roosevelt . appointments:
Ralph W. Tyler, auditor for the Nkvy
Department; Charles W. Anderson,
collector of internal revenue i*a New
York City; James A. Cobb, assistant
United States district attorney in
Washington City; S. Laing Wiilliams,
assistant United States district attor
ney in Chicago, and young Matthews,
assistant United States district attor
ney 1m Bo.: ton, In an endeavor to in
fluence the Negro voters in the Mas
sachusetts primaries. Aside from t'h is
the President diiring the campaign
condemned lynching' in an address at
Howard University and sent a bouquet
to Madam Terrell. And -therefore it I
was contended that the Neglo s'hould
support Mr. Taft for rcnomkiatlon.
Tttft DfscriminationvS Against Negro.
On the other hand the Negro consid
ered what was against the President:
(1) in the" discharge of 128 Negro
4th class postmasters; (2) the dis
charge of Henry A. Rucker, the last
colored Georgia official, though en- j
dorsed by the best whites of his s.tate; i
(3) t'he dismissal of Joshua A. Wilson,
colored postmaster at Florence, S. C..'
though endorsed by a majority of
white- in that section; (4) the dis
missal of over 108 colored federal ap- I
pointees in Texas; (5) the discharge
of Mr. Christian, colored postmaster
for 25 years at Yorktown, Va'., over
the protest of white business mtu; (6) |
the reduction of Dr. Joan M. Prathgr j
and Jere Brown in the immigration
service because they wf:re colored;
(7) the refusal of Benjamin Bundy a
consular appointment because of color;
(8) the order to Director Durand not
to permit colored ^numerators to
count white people in the South; (9)
his statement in a letter to Fisk Univ
ersity ihat the Negro race should be
treated separate and distinct from the
white race; (10) all this record of
discrimination and more carried out
in accord with V the Taft Negro policy
announced in his inaugural address
?i'nat colored men would not be ap
pointed to office over the objection of
Southern prejudice.
Roosevelt's Itecord on tiJie Negro.
The record of Colonel Roosevelt on
the Negro citizen w#s just the reverse.
He announced as 'his Negro policy th^t
he would treat colored citizens on their
merits the same as other citizen.?. In
accord with t'flis policy he abolished
the postoffice at Ind.ianola because the
white patrons refused to treat justly
a, capable and efficient colored post
mistress. He appointed Negroes to' of
fice in the South as he did white men
according to qualifications, character,
&s. He forced a reluctant Republican
Senate by repeated nomination to con
firm Dr. William D. Crum, collector
of the port at Charleston, S. C. He
opened up new offices for the Negro
?citizens of the North when it took
courage to do it by appointing Charles
?W. Ande'rson, .collector of iir|iernal
revenue in New York City; "Ralph W.
Tyler, auditor for the Navy Depart
ment, a?nd three assistant United
States district attorneys, in different
sections of the countvy. He condemn
ed lynching not for political purposes
but to stop it and stated in a letter
to Fisk University that the Negro
should be educated as other people.
He repeatedly announced to the coun
try that the door of hope should not
be closed agahist the Negro because
of color, and that all men, black as
well as- white, should have a square
The Judgment of Negro Masses.
The great masses of Negro voters of
the North and border states carefully
con&idcrexl the race policies of Taft
and Roosevelt, together with the fa(/i
that Taft recommended the discharge
of the Brownsville soldier.?, and reach
ed the conclusion that Che Taft Negro
policy was detrimental to the whole
Negro race, and that. Colonel Roose
velt was the real and tried friend of
tli e Negro citizen. The Negroes,
therefore, joined hands with the great
masses of the white citizens avid em
phatically announced in unmistakable
terms as often as they had the oppor
tunity that Roosevelt was the tin
doubted choice of the rank and file of
the Republican Party for the Republi
can> nomination for president of the
United States.
Complexion cf Republican National
' Convention.
By the time the convention met the
Republican Party had been definitely
divided into two bitter and hostile and
waning ramps, representing the two
great progressive and conservative
forces of society. Tin convention was
composed of 1073 delegates anWys- 1
tribnted in varying nmnl)c;s anKvig
lour presidential aspirants. Those
representing Colonel Koosev It and
tbe other Progressives came mostly
from Republican states and were se
lect d by the Republican voters after
a free and fair discussion of the is
sno-! involved, . The great bulk of those
favoring President Taft w^;e from
machine-ridden states where the po
litical bosses prevf.ii led presidential
primaries and selected delegates to the
convention without regard to the
wishes of the Republican voters, or
from the Southern stairs which give
I . . I 9 ' .
no Republican elector&l votes and on
voting territories and where the fed
eral olflee-holding trust selects the del
egates under the Influence of national J
patronage with little or mo regard for
the issues at stake. . ,
Of this 1078 delegates thus select
ed Roosevelt had uncontested and in
structed for 'him1 from states in the
main electing Republican presidents
411, Tal't ?01, I>a Follette 36 and Cum
mings 10; 254 were contested by
Roosevelt or Taft and the remaining
166 were un instructed, ? 540 being
'accessary to a choice.
Injustice of Republican National
, Committee.
From the foregoing it is plain that
Roosevelt would be nominated unless,
semehewj the completion of the con
vention was materially changed. This
was the work assigned by design to
and consummated by t'iie National Re
publican Committee. The only oppor
tunity for the success of such a pro
gram against the k'.iown verdict of the
people was offered in the dispositior.
of the 254 contests by the Nationa)
Committee.. It began its hearing ol
the contests June 6th and concluded
June 15th, 1912. It decided as fol
lows: 235 were given to President
Taft and 19 to Colonel Roo-evelt. The
contests were grouped together wher
ever possible and disposed of without
regard to the evidence with unbecom
ing 'liasic and restriction.
To understand something of the mo
tive of revenge which seems to liavt
such complete control over the Re
publican National Committee it is nec
lessary to know something of its per
sonnel and their political .status, &c.
On the committee, President Taft's
voting strength was 3G at its mini
mum, 14 of whom were from Republi
can states that had repudiated Pres
ident Taft and had declared decisive
ly for Colonel Roosevelt; 6 of the re
maining 22 were from states that
give no electoral votes to Republican
I candidates; and 4 of the 16 left w-ere
( from territories t'li at do not vote at all
Many of the Taft committeemen had
been discredited and retired by Col
onel Roosevelt and their work shows
that t'.iey had resolved to defeat him
| for the Republican nomination even
at the sacrifice of the Republican par
? ty.
The Death Struggle in the ConvCn
i" tioii.
No sooner had the Republican Na
tional Committee disposed of the con
'osly than an appeal in charge of Gov
ernor Hadley was prepared for the
Credentials Committee. In th^ncan
time the Roosevelt forces lined up fo1
the struggle for temporary chairman
Senator Root, of New York, was tlir
candidate of the Taft. adherents. Sen
ator Borah, of Idaho, was-tlre candidate
?of the Progiessives but Governor M *
Govern, of Wisconsin, was substitutec
in an endeavor to unite all the Pro
gressive strength. Senator Root wa
elected by only 18 more votes than
were necessary to nominate tho can
didate for president, the vote belnj;
553 for Root and 502 for McGovern
the election of Senator Root being ac
complished by the assistance of th
delegates claimed to 'have been fraud
ulntly seat-ed by the National Com
The Roosevelt forces now determin
ed to purge the roll of fraudulent del
egates or to take no part in the ac
tions of the convention. Of the 254
contests, at least 72 were -bo unjustly
seated as to constitute ^fraud involv
ing delegates from Alabama, Arizona,
Arkansas, California, Indiana, Ken
tucky, Texas and Washington. The
Committee on Credentials like the Na
tional Committee wa- under the do
minion of the repudiated Republican
bosses and it adopted such unjust rule?
?in its proceeding that many of tlu
Roo-.evelt members withdrew, lit
complexion was 32 for Taf'c and lit
for Roosevelt. However, the contests
were presented to it with the result
that the fraud of the National Com
mittee was confirmed and all the con
tested fraudulent delegates were per
mitted !o remain on the roll ar,;? re
vote in the convention on their own
Tire decision of the Committee on
Credentials was brought up for review
by the convention in the Deneen res
olution to exclude thv fraudulently
mi i oiled delegates from voting on their
cases. The resolution wa 4 tabled b>
a vote of 504 for to 510 against the
tabling of the resolution. By this
vote the convention sustained the
fraud of the National Committee and
the Committee on Credentials and be
came itself a fraudulent convention by
retaining upon its rolls a sufficient
number of fraudui n: volrs to con
trol the actions of thai body. The
Roosevelt foices finally concluded to
take no furthe/ part in the convention
with some exceptions and to sit
through the convention in silent pro
test and : r; that no one but President
Taft was nominated for president.
The name of Colonel Roosevelt by di
rection was not prevented to the eo li
ven, ion and after ail of the nomina
tions wei - mad? Taft and Sherman
were nominated with substantially f V
Taft strength in '.he convention. T.ie
Roosevelt delegates adjourned to a
Ihrge and enthusiastic mass nie?iing
a: OvcfieStra Hall where Colonrl Uoose
velt accepted a nomination tendered
to him by the meeting. The air wa? |
ladeiicd with the feeling that some- 1
Ihing important had happened for the
people and the country.
The Attitude of Negro Delegates.
The aetiiAi of the iNegro delegates
hi the convention was paradoxical.1
Notwithstanding that the great masses
jf the Negroes, North aud South, were'
.or Roosevelt, the N<gro delegates,'
.vith a few exceptions, voted with the
raft forces to sustain the fraud and
.evengc of the discredited v aud de-s
eated Taft political bosses. The OG t
\Tegro delegates from the South were J
Oiore t'lian the balance oL' power bo-r
iwecn the pai-y divisions and could*,
lave easily giv;,n effect in the convcu
.ion to tie wishes of t.ie people in all
<;etio;;s of the country, and especial
y advanced the interest of the Ne
,_,ro race South, which suffers undr
the same kind of a political oligarchy
which had dominion at 'the convention,
a is said that tliey were instructed
.or President Taft and were bouud io
;arry out their instructions. Without
violating their instructions be -it re
jiemt:red tliat men, really at heart
for Taft but instructed for Roosevelt,
/oted in the convention for Root for
emporary chairman and to table the
Jencen resolution to purge the roll of
Jraud, but who still intended to vote
.'or Roosevelt as lustructed. Had the
Negro delegates done .likewise andj
voted for McGovern instead of Root
md again t tabling the Deneen reso
lution, they would not only h^ve saved
he Republican party frowf^fraud and
perhaps from disruption, but Ki?ey'j
would have availed themselves of the j
3est opportunity to servo their race
that 'has been presented in mor? 'than
i quarter of a ctwtury.
Numerous mass meetings were held 1
jy the Negroes of Chicago where rep
resentative Negroes spoke from all
sections of the country, appealing to
?^egro delegates to vote for Roosevelt,
.vho stood for 'the best interest of all
.he people and the Negro race. T-icy
ipparently turned the deaf ear to all
ippeals, and it is generally believed
,.hat they were governed by the influ
jnce of patronage and other personal '
and local considerations of far less
Importauce than tiie civil and politi
?al interests of the Negro people, t
Charles Banks, a Negro banker, dele-i
gate from Mississippi in returning'
$800 ? to Director William 13. McKin-'
ley with a long statement which wa-: 1
not denied, throws a flood of 1 i g "i t
upon the influence which were being
employed 'to induec Negroes to stand
out against their race. n
'The Negro Delegates and the Party
Crisis. |
The action of the gr?at majority of
he Negro delegates in vq}.;-^ for the
? ;'raud of the Republican Nsftional Com*
mittee, for ;V'.V3 Taft candidate for 'tem
>orary chairman, and for the reten
tion at least of 72 fraudulently seated
delegates, puts them on record in a '
peculiar and conspicuous sense against
?eform in our political methods,
Against tlu social and political prog
ess of the great ma-ses of the Amer
ican people .in all the states, aail
challenges t'he Negroes of the country
o come forward at once with a new
ieadcrship, if they would preserve
'heir status as freemen and American
?itizens, entitled to the rights and
privileges of oUer citizens, and free'
(he race from the galling conditions
of the South and th-3 increasing proj
idiee L'.id discriminations of the na- '
ft is true that the ,-amo number of
vhile delegates 'had the same oppor
tunity. But it is also true that the
\egro delegates \v; re the representa
tives of a people and class under spe
cial suffering and injustice as were no
ilher delegates in that convention. J
\nd for I he act ion of t iv: Negro dele- ,
gates, as wc believe against the inte
rs t of the black and white mas.es, the
white delegate had a clear and decid* 1
majority for dcccucy and honesty in
politics and a square deal for (he
Negro as for otlicr citizens. And for
f'.ieir decisive support these delegates
did not even get in the Republican
platform the usual Negro pianks oi'i
any substitutes in the interest, of the
race. What did they get for such an
opportunity to tfcrve the race?
The Negro delegates in the main,
therefore, cho-e not only to go against
the interest of their own race and tho
expressed popular will of tlui Repub
lican party, but to be counted with the.
most daring and baneful element In
American politics. The only consola
tion is that they misrepresented the
Negro rat 3 But they did more. By
tiicir hands the Republican party was
rendered a fatal blow. The party of j
a long line of splendid a*. 1(1 IPu. trious
Republican statesmen was brought lo
an untimely death. And a iuw party
must arise and take up the unfinished
work which tlie Republican' party a.
nobly began. The opportunity is too
great for the people to falter. Their
cause is too just for them 'o fall.
lu nmj/rs.
Not only did Friend Williams, in
his first game of professional bail, J
hold his opponents to no hits in full i
nine innings, but ho did not. allow
one of them to rcach lirst base
throughout the contest. The game
was played bv Bridgeport against the
Steuben ville team, both in the Ohio
and Pennsylvania League.- Williams
went to Bridgeport from Moundsvillc.
His first professional appearance as a
Mutual Loan & Jewelry Co.
720 Kanawha St. - - Chnrleston, W. Va.
OFFICE 805 1-2 Kanawha SI. Charleston, W. Vb. J
Oflice Phone 1102 - - Residence Phone 1118 I
Office Hours: 9-11 a. m.; 2-4 p. m.; (j-8 p. m. I
twirler afforded him the chance
which he took to make a record the
like of which is .not recorded in
baseball history. The game result
ed in a score of two to nothing.
" Orleans, Ind., Aug. 20 ? The two
days' summer meeting of the In
diana Horticultural Society openev
here today with an unusually large
attendance. The visiting members
were entertained at luncheon this
noon at the home of Mr. J. A. Bur
ton and after luncheon they were
taken by him through the society's
experimental orchard. At the busi
ness meetings tonight and Wednes
day morning Senator Joseph Dun lap
of Illinois; Prof. Wendell Paddock,
of the horticultural department of
the Ohio State University; Thomas
?P.' Littlepage of Washington !' D. C.,
and several other experts will deliver
Indianapolis, Ind., 'Aug. 23 The
annual convention of t.lie American
Veterinary Medical Association,
which is to be held in this city 'the
coming week, is expected to attract
about 2,000 members from all sec^
tions of the United States and
Canada. Among those who will
take part in the convention program
are Dr. M. F. Brenton of Detroit,
president of the association; Dr. J.
W. Klotz, of Noblofcjville, lnd., who
'will have charge of the surgical
clinics; Dr. Harry D. Gill of New
'York, who will have charge of the
medical clinics, and Dr. D. E. Sal
mon, who was the first veterinary to
become a member of the United
States bureau of animal industry. ?
28 and 30 Capitol St.
Beef, Veal
Mutton, Pork
Fresh Pork Sausage,
Our Own Make
% ?
Fry Our. Machine Sliced
Hams and Bacon
; : ; 1 'v i r sgg
4 ? * . 9 *
The best qualities in all the
popular kinds of
*?' ? ? 1 - 1 ' ? r ^ 11,1 -? 11 1 r.'-saags
We want your patronage for
we have complete stock in our
lines and you can get it when
you want more.

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