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I'llM'shed ovory Thursday by The Advocate Printing and Publishing Co., Inc. J. C. GILMER, Editor. G. L. Cl'ZZKNS, Business Manager. l<^n(prr<J as second cla?s matter a1 the Post Oflice . at Charleston, W. Va., lender Act of Congress of March HO, 1870. Office: Itoom It K. of P. Building. Phono 52185. HATES BY SUBSCRIPTION. By mall, one yea** $1.50 By matt, six months $1.*MI Br Mail, throe months 50 ( ' J-OPEKATIOX NECESSARY. If the Itcpublici-M pre s of the State is as desirous that the Republican state ticket be elccted as it claims to be, it is puisuing a mighty queer method to accomplish its purpose. With but few exceptions every daily and weekly paper which earrics the names of Teft and Sherman at the head of its editorial columns is bit ter in i:s denunciation of the Pro gressive party and those who have espoused that cause in this State. Now, it is generally understood that the Progressives will plaee the 'names of the Republican nominees for State offices cm their ticket anl work for the. election of each and all. It is also generally conceded that without the support of the Progressives the Republican nominees for State offices stand no possible show to win, their "goose is cooked" now. That being the case, it would seem the better part of wisdom for the "Regulars" to stop their yawpings about the Pro gressives and continual insinuations as to the honesty of tho-e selected as leaders of that party. Both Progres sives and Republicans have one ob ject in common ? the saving of the State from the Democrats, and this can be done only through harmon ious cooperation of the parties inter ested. If eifher fails to do his part the result will be disastrous. So, let's have clone with there de mands for confessions of faith in the Republican party and other require ments being made of the nominees for office. If the Progressives, the major party, is willing to support them without question, the Republicans ought to be inexpressibly glad of it. That Mr. Taft commands a sinking ship even his moM ardent supporters cannot honestly deny. In the inner raost recesses of their hearts they know that Mr. Taft's chances are about equal to those of a jack rabbit in a fight with a bull dog. The Democrats have passed the word down the line that it is upon Colonel Roose velt and not Mr. Taft that their heaviest artillery must, be trained. There can not, therefore, be any ex cuse, except that of regularity, for ?heckling the nominees n'lbout their attitude toward the heads of the two tickets. And as to regularity, some of those who are loudest now in their demand for it, openly, brazenly sup ported the Democratic ticket In the last campaign. Til K PRO'*HKSSl VK PAKTV. It is gratifying to see that here and there in the South as well as in the North is an editor of a Negro news paper of sufficient breadth of vision to take in i*.i its entirety the Progres sive scheme for the political regenera tion of the Negro in the Southern States. One and all, they have long since agreed that under the present system the Negro in Dixie has but lit'.le to hope for as regards the return of 'i!s franchise rights. They have all seen successive Republican administrations gradually yield to the demand of the. white South to be allowed to settle its own affairs without outside interfer ence. Republican cGMgre-ses have no toriously refrained from excrcl.-ing the power given them t^ i educc ion gressional representation where thr right to vote was denied because <>t race, color or previous condition ot servitude. The present occupant ol t'ie White House, they know, bloopec so low to Southern Democratic prej udice as to announce upon his iuau guralion that he would appoir4. in Negro io ofTice where there was ob jection from those whom he was u serve. The Republican plan ot' at tempting to force the South to res peet the black man's right to vote air I ben of tacitly de:-erting him to hi enemies, all are aware, has proved dismal failure. In spite of all thi he has followed the (Jone Old Pari with a blind faith and served it wit slavish devolicvi. This and more the editors of N< gro newspapers throughout the Ian and their readers know. Yet thei are some of them who look with su pieion upon the Progressive plan cut loose from impossible methods at to try new ones which offer son hopes of success. They prefer have meaningless representation national conventions and to be "j( lied" with empty platform pledg and pre-election promises. The hvpocrlse^ they set above the ot spoken declaration that they sh? not be allpwcd participation in t Vr\ *' ' i affair:* of the Progressive paity until they have proved their fitness and that when that fitness is proved they shall be rewarded according to their merits. The trouble is that they have been treated so long as children they do ?.lot appreciate this opportunity to act as men. They have been accustomed to the counterfeit so long that they can not place the true valuation upon the genuine. Therefore the-e charges that Colonel Roosevelt has betrayed ?'je race, that lie is willing to sacri fice it at tbe South with the hope of gaining t lie while vote, that he crazy for power, and a lot of othor rubbish and billingsgate which has no foundation in fact. From a conversation with the nom inee of the Progressive part;* the wri ter knows that Colonel Roosevelt de plores the dire necessity which com pelled him to enunciate the much talked-of principle as -legards Negro representation from the South, and that lie hopes eventually that through hi- party the race may be restored to all the privileges of American citizen ship. No siuh assurance was Mceded. however, to bolster up the faith of The Advocate in the sincerity of the big Bull Moose in his attitude toward t ie Negro. This paper has never been among those which doubted his honesty even when he discharged the Black Battalion, and it will not do so now. For. by his works it knows him. It know? him as a big-hearted, impulsive man, who does the right it Cod gives him to see it; subject, like all other mortals, to err at times, but sincere in his motives because he be lieves them right. For these and other reasons which will be stated from time to lime, The Advocate supports the candidacy of Colonel Roosevelt for the presidency, in the party which he leads it sees fruition of hopes once thought vain, the enunciation of principles long the subject of hopes deferred. NOTES ON RACIAL PKOGKKSS. The Negro firemen of Georgia fear being dismissed because of a bill now pending in ?the State Legislature which seeks to bar them from em ployment on Georgia railroads. A case of peonage was found in Screven county where two Negro la borers were held on a 13,000 acre farm. T'.ic ca.es were worked up by a spccial agi* it of the Department of Labor. A prominent Negro lawyer in Brook lyn. has recently become a Jew, hav ing accepted their, faith.. . , ."in-. . .*7 ' ' Stonewall Jackson; the crack col ored sprinter, of Central Union High School, showed in the national in ter scholastic meet at Chicago that he was the best high school sprinter in the country. The new Bethel A. M. E. Institu tional Church, of Scranton, Pa., of which Rev. Geo. T. Smith is founder and pastor, has broken ground for the new edifice. The Rev. Ezra Tipple, I). I)., has beer, elected president of Drew The o'oeical Seminary, succeeding the I venerable Rev. llenry A. Buttz, D. D., now pr.ident emeritus and professor of New Testament exegesis. It is reported fhat an anvil, used by John Hunyan in 1647 is to be ex hibited at the Los Angeles Exposl . ion. Clark Cniversity and Gammon The ologieal Seminary, Atlanta, Ga., which were combined two years ago under one president, have again been sepa rated, the double task being consid ered too much for one man. The Home Mission Conference and Summer School for Sunday School workers held at Northfield, i< report ed as a great success. Six hundred delegates were present. The t aining school camp for the Colored Hranc'.i of Y. M. C. A. secre taries held at Arundel-on-the-Bay, Maryland, closed last week very suc cessfully. Secretaries W. A. Hunton and Jesse E. Moreland are the lead f-;s in this work. That W. K. Bennett should never have been pei milled to take a scat on the b".ich in Fayette or any other county, is shown by his removal of T. T. Hubbard as commissioner and appointing in his stead one of Sam v I Dixon's Negro henchmen, simply be ll I cause Mr. Hubbard had sufficient de ccuey to sign the petition calling for t'.ie impeachment of Judge B nnett. id J Kanawha Citiwn. rc , . _ Never before," remarked Col to Iloosevclt in his Chicago convent ioi id speech, "has We- 1 Virginia sont twe ic coloied d legates .to the national con ;o ven! ion, and t lie colored delegates 1 in sent are in character and standing ;lu )1- peers of the white delegates from tha es State." The Colonel must certain^ se have had some iMtimate knowledge o if- the character and standing of tin ill white delegates, to make such a re he mark in public. ? Charleston Mail. LOOK OUT FOR THE EN0NE. -Carter, in Philadelphia Timee. The Call For The Skillful Negro TRAINING WOMEN Tuskegee Institute, August 17. ? Whatever her nation in life it is pre* ty eertain that sooner or later the young woman will have something to do with things dome.'.ic. The few vO.io do not are rare in&eod. Taking this as a fact, not stopping to argue whether she will be a 'housewife, a school teacher, a community worker, or eviu a business woman, Tuskegee Institute has so shaped its course for women that both iu a general way and .in a pa.* icular trade, the girl graduate goes forth ready to take her place in the world., The general work all girls who pur sue Lie regular course at Tuskegee must take. They must know how to clean and put a room, in order, how to set a table and wait on it, how to' i cook and sej ye a meal, $nd hqw to caYe for young children. Whatever their particular trade, these brauches i they must study both in theory and in practice. This work begins with , their own rooms which must be kept j tidy, at all times subject to inspection.' They must attend cooking classes cO many hours per week where they take up the theory of cooking and then ac tually cook under the direction of com petent teachers. In these classes much stress is placed on cooki'ng the' ordinary dishes, so as to bring more' delight into the iiomcs of the common people. Along with instruction in netting t lie table and managing the uveal from the point of view of the host. S5 receives much attention. Then they go away to the students' dining hall, thence to the teachers' dining hail, w.iere they aie required to serve a certain amount of time putting \h:ir theories into actual practice. A regular room la set apart for child-study work. Bassinets, pillows, toys and all the material - used in an ordinary nuisery are placed a' the disposal of \he girls. The teacher begins with the study of the child in its earliest infancy, how to amuse, bathe, dress and care for the child in its earliest stages. The Tuskegce hospital and the surrounding homes serve as laboratories foi the students I in \\iese clas-es. They visit observe and then do the work themselves. This course, however, is open to uppei class girls only and not to those just beginning their cour.?\ With her general work and her acad emic work the young women may 'c. loose c.ie of several trades. Of i course young women may pursue stud ies in poultry raping. dairying, fruit growing and th ? like, as many are now doing; but the .tades open par ticularly for girls are: plain sewin-' 'dressmaking, ladles tailoring, milli nery, cooking or domestic science, soap ma 1< >/>g. laundering, mattress making, ba-ketrv, broom making and nurse training. J In all those t:ades a fair balanc-3 1? struck between theory and practice. -A young woman who works in tlfc laun dry, for example, doe* not simply learn ( to wash and iron. She learns !he var ious ( hcmicals. used In washing, hou to b! ach, remove stains and tlie like 1 She learns how to handle all the tip ' 10-date machinery in the laundry, th< ? washer, t ie mangle, th? evaporator 1 machines built especially for certalr ' article.-?, for collars or for shirts. Thn 1 sln> gains a business knowledge of th< ?' ;rade, by lu.udling and checking f clothes as they com? in and agalt s checking them and verifying 'thetn a: - I hey go ou t . When therefore she re ( eives her certificate she is not simpl; ? ? i in utmm nnmnii iiiu?iim?i?wiii mt* k ready to go out and wash and iron but to establish a laundry business wi*h all the modern equipment ^her capital rt'nd patronage will p_rmit. So too it is again, to choose one more example, with the young wom an who makes a specialty of cooKlng o; domestic science. During her qourse she cooks and serves meals. Sh lias her classes in theory and of directing a- meal and then in her chemistry class she makes a specialty Qf the chemistry of cooking. I i. Probably no. call now is louder 'than that for wonjen trailed in one or more of the e branches of industry. Year by year more public and private Schools are putting the teaching of these trades oft their curricula. They rieed teachers/- From Texas, Oklaho ma. Illinois, Tennessee. Kansas, Mis souri and. many other states come annually more demands for such teach ers -.han Tushegee can fill; and the salaries are good. ! As with the boys, the young woman ?is given a chaticc to use any speci il talent she has to aid her through school. If she wants to wait on table to pay part of jjer board such a chance is open to her. If she sings, she is paid for her services in the choir. If ??he plays various opportunities will1 be given her to us?e her talent in this direction. Cm the other hand if she wishes to pursue courses in music these with a slight, extra charge are open to her. Regular Kssons are given in both pia no and voice and any student who proves at all fit is given countless op portunities to appear In public. Cla<?s exercises rOietOricals, public debates, and the social gatherings between the boys and girls afford ample sway for all those who have talent and wish to develop confidence. Most important of all, in all the work whether theoretical or practical the young woman's physical education is no lost sight of. Jus't as it i^ be lieved that 110 woman is really educa ted w it'll out some knowledge of domes Mc life, so it is felt that no girl la ready to go out into the world with out a well trained, graceful body. Ilenc.: a regular course in gymnastics is scheduled for all girls. If 'the young woman attends day school shf j hav so many hours per week for gym I nasty- work. If she goes to nighl 'school, she has her gymnastics before .these classes begin. In all casrs, wher | the weather permits t'ne classes arc , held out of doors, the idea being t< , bring good health and strcjg bodle; rather than lo teach th3 rather fancj Indoor gymnastics. Dumb bell drills wand drills, exercises in running, has ket ball played and marching lend va riety throughout the course. The^e exercises are for all girls bu in later vfars the placing of Negr< schools in the 'hands of Negroes ha given rise to the young womf.n gym nastic teacher. In many of the large Negro city schools, and more especia! ly in Negro private schools and col leges the Negro girl who can teacl gymnastics is eagerly sought. Tus kegee offers special courses to thos who are planning to do this work, tin der the instructor from Sargent' Gymnasium. England has 20,7 57 elementar jtublic schools with 5,500,000 pupilf The 1012 budget for education \1 $72,000,000, of which $1,000,000 1 tor teachers' old age, pensions. POLITICS ANlV POLITICIANS The votorj of Anniston, Ala., liavo negatived a proposal to adopt tho commission plan fof government. Governor Baldwin will be unanl tnouBly renominated by the Demo cratic State convontlon of Connecti cut npxt month,.. A<!Ual E. Stevenson, of Illinois, former vlcc president .of the United States, will take the stump for tho Democratic national ticket. Missouri Progressives arc to meet In St. Louis soon to decide the ques tion of putting Uoos'?velt State and county tickets in the field. Tl?c Vermont election on Septem ber 10 w i 1 give tho politicians thoir first opportunity, to gauge ? the strength of tho third party move ment. , <. . ? . Arthur Cappor, the Republic m nomlneo lor governor of Kansas, be-; pan liis career as a compositor 011 the Topcka newspaper of which he is now the publisher. Congressman Cyrus A. Sullowav, of the First New Hampshire district,1 has the distinction of being the tal!-4 est and largest man of the national house of representatives. j Representative W. C. Redfleld, oT Now York, has been selected to open the Democratic national campaign In Maine with a series of speeches at Portland and other citlos, beginning September 3. i It is estimated that t,he exponse of the rrtcont convention in Ohio to frame a new constitution and e/ the spoclal State election next month to ratify or rcjcct the pronos^l amendments will amount to tjrce* Quarters of a million dollars. The nomination of Governor Thomas R. Marshall for second place on. the Democratic ticket has drawn attention to the fact that Indiana has furnished seven vice-presidential candidates of which number two crats. John Laws, ninety years old, has been elected for tHe thirty-first time as register of deeds in Orange Coun ty, x. C. Mr. Laws was first elect ed during the gold excitement of '4 9 and has held office continuously for sixty-three years. Hamilton Fish, v ex-congressman, former assistant Secretary of tlio Treasury and former speaker of< ti\e New York general assembly, is a can didate for the congressional nomina tion on the National Progressive tick et in the Twenty-sixth New York dis trict. Florida is the only Southern State t which boasts a Progressive party, j gubernatorial candidate. lie is. William C. Hodgps, one of the lead ing lawyers of Tallahasee, and he is making a vigorous campaign ( . -?.?? - - ? ? > V ?, ?? against Park Tramwell, the' Demo cratic nominee. Governor Hiram Johnson, of Cali fornia, who has second place on the ! Progressive national ticket, Is tho sixth Johnson to bo nominated for (Vice President of tho United States. I Tho first was R. II. Johnson, of Ken tucky. who was elected with Van Da ren in 183#, and 4 ye-ars later went Idbwn to defeat with Van Huron, illerschel V. Johnson, of Georgia, wf.8 I the next to appear 0:1 the ticket with ? Stephen A. Douglas In 18G0. In 1864 Andrew Johnson of Tennosee was elected on the ticket with Lin coln. Hale Jqluison of lUlnojs, w? s the Prohibition candidate lor vice president ii\ 189G. rv A WON ltl7N$ 100 YARDS IN 7 ; ? . SECONDS I" In the September American Maga zine, Stewart Edward White writes a most interesting article on lion hunting:. It is based on experiences he recently had on a year's hunt in Africa, during which he saw over seventy lions. An extract from the article follows: I "To the man not temperamental ly qualified, lion shooting is danger ous enough. Tho lion, when he takes the offensive, intends to get his antagonist. Having made up his mind to that, he charges home, general-' ly at great speed. The realization that it is tho man's life or the beasts] is disconcerting. Also the charging lion is a spectacle much more awe inspiring in reality than the most vivid imagination can predict. He looks very large, very determined, and has uttered certain rumbling, blood-curdling threats as to what he is going to do about it. It suddenly1 seems most undesirable to allow that lion to come any closer ? not even an inch! A hasty, nervous shot misses ? "An unwounded lion, charging from a distance, is said to start] rather slowly, and to increase his pace only as hc closes. Personally I have never been charged by an un- ( wounded beast; but I can testify that the wounded animal comes very J fast. Cunninghamo puts the rate at about seven seconds to the hundred yards. Certainly I should say that a man charged from fifty yards or so ( would have little chance for a sec- ( ond shot, provided he missed the first. A hit seemed, in my exper- ( ience, to check the animal, by sheer force of impact, long enough to per-! mit me to throw in another car- ] tridge. A lioness thus took four frontal bullets starting at about Sicty yards. An initial ml3s would probable have permitted lier to close. "Here ?? cjFn^lyj seen, }? a great j sourCe or dansrer-to a flurried or ner jvouB beglnaer. Hq doea not want that lion to got an Inch nearer; he fires at* too Ions a range; miseos, ""and 1b killed or* mauled before he lean reload. This "happened precisely so to two young friends of MacMil lan. . They were armod vwlth double ? rifles, let them off hastily as the j beast Btartefl at them 'from two . hundred yards, and never not an other chance.' If they had possess ed the experience to have waited un til the lion had come within fifty yards they, woi^ld- hav.q l\atl ,t^e al most cortalnty of foVir barrelfe" at close range. Though I havo seen a I'llon missed clean well inside those limits. v. p # . "From such performances are oo called lion, iicclqUuts built.. During my stay in Africa I. heard of . six '?whlto men being killed by lions; * and a number of others mauled. As far na posslblo I triod to determine the facts of each case.v In every in stance the trouble followed t elthe^ ?foolishness or loss' of nerve. 1 be lieve I should be qiilte safe In say ing that from identically the same circumstances any ..of tho good lion men ? Tarleton, Lord Dolamere, the Hills and othors Jwould have ? ex tricatod themselves unharmod. , "This dees not me?an that acci dents may not happen. , Rifles jam ( ? but generally because of Hurried manipulation! ? <one may unexpect edly meet the lion at too close quarters; a foot may slip, or a car tridge prove defective. So may one fall downstairs, or bump one's head in the dark. Sufficient forethought and alertness and readlnees . would go far in either case to preveut bad results." MONTANA PIONEERS HOLD REUNION DeertLodge, oMnt., Aug. 20 ? Thla being the fiftieth anniversary of the discovery of gold in Montana, the annual meeting of the Montana Pion eers, which opened here today for a session of three days, partakes of a double importance, as the commem oration of an interesting event in the history of the State and as a friendly reunion of the surviving pioneers who, in the early days ot t the present Commonwealth laid the i foundation for its future greatness and prosperity. Deer lodge played a rather important part in the early history of this State and many of the visiting pioneers at some time re sided hero during their early exper iences. The citizens have arranged an elaborate program for the enter | tainmcnt of the visitors. LATEST MOVING PICTURES BALCONY RESERVED FOR COLORED PEOPLE 5c. ALL SEATS 5c. 7-11 P. M. If you arc working and Saving your money and putting It In a bank whero you get no Interest, keeping It In a tru*ik or hiding It some where aboutyour house ? You Aro Working for Money. If you are working ami saving your money and investing it in a safe way, whero it will be working day and night whether you are working or not, and making you at least six per cent, interest ? Your Money is Working For You. The Pythian Mutual Investment Association was organized in order to give us an opoprtunity to put the i money we could save together and then put It to work. The above is a picture of our building on the* Capitol ! Square In Charleston. We have Just purchased a splendid three story brick building on one Of the maiti bus i iness streets in the city of Huntington. The first door Is occupied by the Huntington Herald, the largest daily newspaper published in that section of the state, the second floor is used for offlco rooms, while the third floor I Is a large assembly and lodge hall. This building is sure to pay us well. After the Charleston building had bedh occupied only eight months our stockholders were paid a dividend of six per cent. Stock is still on sale at $10.00 per share, either paid up or on the installment plan. Ask your agent in Vour locality about it or write to this ofTice. ?