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The advocate. [volume] (Charleston, W. Va.) 1901-1913, October 31, 1912, Image 1

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OCTOBER 31, 1912
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'?'/ * .* **4Mtv Roosevelt ha* bfeen'.
?" charged with jmrtiaLUy to
ga*u * *Msr. Koosovettj
t practAcaJly the jllrst proMjc^itiJh
under the Hhernwui law during his a
. dmi nistration again vt Mr, Morgan's
No thorn Seenrltles Company which
sought the consolidation o f the Or?
at Nothehi, tlie Nothern Pacific aiul
the Burlington railroad** ; M)r. Roo
sevelt also brought during tlio last
years of his administration the sui
t against Mr. Morgan's New York,
New Haven & Hartford Railroad an
? d -steamship tru*W Which Mr, \Vick~
ersham promptly dismissed during t
he tirst month of Mr. Taft's admits
ietration^*? ?Extract from tlie follow
ing article by >lr. Connolly;
Author of "Big Business and the
Bench," etc.
v Out of all the things that Theo
dore Roosevelt dkl during: his seven
years in the White House, his poli
tical opponents have picked out the
one charge, as the only one they can
irfake stick, that Rcosevelt allowed
the Steel Trust, .in defiance of the
law, to acquire the Tennessee -Coal
and Iron Company. Wo come now
to the question, was Roosevelt a
tool of the Steel Trust in this?
Was he -deceived? Or did he act
the part of a patriot or a- pigmy?
Let ub forget on the one side that he
has been charged with partiality
to Mr. Morgan, and let us forget al
so that in the face of this charge Mr.
Roosevelt brought practically the
first prosecution under the Sherman
law,v 'during his administration
against Mr. Morgan's Northern k Se
curities Company, which sought
the consolidation of the Great
Nothern, the Northern Pacific and
the Burlington railroads; and let us
also forget that he brought during
the last years of his administration
the suit against Mr. Morgan's New
Yor, New Haven & Hartford Rail
road and steamship trust, whitfh Mr.
Wfckersham promptly dismissed
during the first month of Mr. Taft's
administration. v' I say, let us for
get the$e things because we want
to consider this transaction solely
and dispassionately on its merits.
Tfoere iwas a -panic, in Wall Street.
Banks were suspended. Long lines
of excited citizens stretched uj>,a?d
down the streets in the banking dis
trict. Wall Street Was a powder
?magaeine. Every bank that failed
added to the; flame Of public excite
ment. Throughout the country at
large, bankers were so panicstricken
that they refused to pay out cash.
They gave you cashier's certificates
saying you had so much money in
the bank, and on that you traded
for the necessities of life with such
merchants as were willing to accept
it.- ;No one had any cash, and- no
anawaa willing tO -biiy anything .but
the actual necessities of life.
??It- makes no difference now who
or what started that panic ? the un
disputed fact was that it iwas upon
us, threatening wide havoc and des
Two Wall Street banks owned the
stock of the Tennessee Coal and
Iron Company. They were on the
brink of dissolution. There is no
question about that. It. is admitted.
The Steel Trust, wanted that stock.
No one else did. No one else was
willing to buy. Agents of the Steel
Trufet-went to Mr._ Roosevelt^. laid
the facts before him; told him, as he
knew, that it was a violation of tho
law, but under the circumstances
would he consent? It makes no
difference now rwhat their motive
was ? their i>lea was unanswerable,
and Mt. Roosevelt answered it. Ho
said that under the circumstances,
if the sale would help stay the fright
and panic of the people, and 'prevent
the further .destruction of property
and values, he would not object, if
his Attorney-general did not.
Was it the act of a faithless ser
vant? When San Francisco was
?burning down, the first thing the
firemen, did was to get together all
the dynamite in San Francisco and
telegraph to nearby cities for more.
They blew up the buildings in the
?path of the flames which had not yet
caught fire. Why? Because they
wanted to stop the feed of the flames
and save that part of the city that
lay beyond. Were they patriots or
criminals, And yet the very act
they did during the fire, for 'which
they were praised, done when there
was no fire, would have branded,
them as criminals and ma/de them
liabl'-i to a term in the penitentiary.
Mr. Roosevelt did what a'hy man
of saneness and sense would have
done under the circumstances. No
one at the time thought of criticis
ing him for it. It was only four
years later, when the panic l?ad been
forgotten, and he was again a can
didate for office, that the transac
tion was brought out from the clos
et," dressed In nfcw habilamnntH and
made to do service as a political ar
gument. The flame and fire, the
smoke and grime of the time, were
gone ? and here stood a deed that
convicted Roosevelt of inconsistency
and insincerity. Apply the light of
reason to it, and it vanishes like a
hogy of the night. The^ men who
to-day find fault with Mr. Roosevelt
for this might just as consistently
beg the physician to save their lives,
and then refuse tp pay his bill. The
bullet of the assassivi proved that
Theodore Roosevelt did not drink
intoxicating liquors and did not
smoke cigarettes.* It required just
some such . miracle to make tfofipe
people believe tbls fact. A preju
If ?
? V ? ?
fr'dice^ ts the strongest vice of the
i Krupp or Miaxim never in
jtya'oie'd a bullet or .a weapon that
penetrate through It. The
$ prejudices of the average -man will
kill the best grass seed that was ever
sown. Will these people never
realize that Roosevelt is as incor
? ruptibla as it is humanly possible
for a mortal to be?
Death Claims Vice
President Sherman
? Kiut Ooiuoh Peacefullyy After a Iiiri
Kerintf Illness of Month h l>iie to
Bright^ Disease, Heart . l>isen?e
ami Hardening of the Arteries.
Utica, N. Y., Oct. 30. ? After a long
j illnicBs, Vice President of tiiie United
i States, James Schoolcraft Sherman
(lied at his home in 'this city at 9:45
o'clock tonight, of uremic poison,
caused by Bright's disease. *
He had been sinking since early in
the morning, and it \yas realize^ that
death was a matter of a few hours.
Slight relief came after 7. o'clock, but
did not prove real or lasting, and at
last gave only temporary hope.
At 9 o^clock the patient's tempera
ture rose to 100, and' from that time
?his ccwdition rapidly became worse
He was unconscious wh?in the end
came, and had been in that condition
for hours.
All of the members of the family
| were present. In addition to ? Mrs
! Sherman there were the three sons
Sherrill, Richard U., and Thomas M.
i 1 ' ?
Sherman, with their respective wives.
R. M. and Sanford Sfrermaai, brothers;
and Mrs. L?. B. Moore, and Mrs. H. J.
Cookinham, sisters.
Soon after Mr. Sherman's death
Dr. Payette H. Peck, the attending
physician,; issued the following article
"The. Vice President died at 9:48
p. ml, without regaining consciousness
for a moment. Hie died in the pres
ence of his wife, her brother and
sifter, his two brothers and three
sons and their wives. He had been
entirely conscious since 7 o'clock
when lie hatf a period of partial con
sciousness lasting 15 minutes. He
died in uremic coma, as a result of
Bright's disease, heart disease, and
Ball Moose Numerous
| In Tennessee State
. . * O
I Taft Policies Do Not Appeal to Great
Majority of Negroes and They Are
Standing for Roosevelt an<l Pro
| gressivo Party.
Nashville, Tenn., Oct 2 6. ? There
?has never been a new party intro
duced in Tennessee that thas so com
pletely captured the Negroes as has
!the National Progressive Party famil
[iarly known as the "Bull Moose"
| party.
i This was the first thought to be a
, spasmodic move that would soon die
out. It was said that when the
friends of President Taft got all of
his men and made a few speeches
to the Negroes throughout Tennes
see, they would all forget Mr. Roose
velt and his now <party; but despite
j the fact that t;he Progressive cam
! paign managers in Tennessee have
i been as slow and have managed the
' campaign as awkwardly as it is pos
! sible for men to do, and have ap
parently shown no interest in the
matter, nevertheless every day brings
j new evidences of new recruits to the
! Progressive ranks. It is said by some
| V 1 % ,
that tjhe quiet manner in which
things are being conducted had ap
pealed to the Negro more than any
S thing elsfc and thai the thinking men
j don't require great speeches and
masameetings to convince them of
the wisdom of the course mapped out
by ex-President Iloosevelt. and the
Progressive Party; hut that these
men were able to judge for them
selves and understand the princi
ples of the party, and are not waiting
; to be aroucsti or excited to make ur
I their opinions.
j Mr. T. Clay Moore, who is in
(charge of the Colored Progressive
I headquarters in t-his city, says the
! outlook is most encouraging; that
; every day news 's received from dif
I ferent 'parts of the state that makes
jhim feel very optimistic as to the
showing the Progressive party will
make in -Tennessee in November,
1912, ? -Nashville Globe,
* 7 *
i ' ? ' : A
g president!
ill ill#
mm mm.
lKftlflK III IllJIrf^
Cheer T. R. For
Forty Minutes
Colonel's First Appearance Since At
? tempted As?as&in?tion- i*? <>} rooted
WithjQreat Enthusiasm by Thous
ands of Followers.
New York,' Oct. 30 ? Showing no !
physical , evidence of <the shot of the |
attempted assassin in Milwaukee, Oct. I
14, Col. Theodore Roosevelt tonight j
spoke for an hour and twenty minutes I
before a progressive political rally. !
Twemty thousand fellow New Yorkers
were present -to accord him an up
roarious wed come that lasted forty-'
two minutes after his entrance into
Madison Square Garden.
Col. Roosevelt stood at, the edge of
the speakers platform, and could not
make himself heard above the din. ol
In^part he said:
"Friends, perhaps once in a genera
tion, not^raore ofteni, there conies a
chance for the people of a country tc !
play their part wisely and fearlessly
| in some great battle of the age-long j
| warfare for human rights. To our j,
j fathers the chance came in the mighty
! days of Abraham Lincoln, the man,
| who thought and tolled and suffered
for the people with sad, patient, and !
kindly endeavor. To our forefathers!
that stretched from the time when the
first Continental congress gathered tc
the time when Washington was inaug- ;
| urated as first president of the re- j
?public. To us im turn tiro chance hasj
| now come to stand for liberty and i
I righteousness as fai their day thes1:
jdead'trien stood for liberty and right
eousness. Our task is not as grea*
|as theirs. Yet it is well nigh as im
portant. Our task is to profit by the j
! lessons of the past,, and to cneck in !
(?time the evils that grow around us;'
\ lerrt our failure to do so may cause j
j dreadful disaster to the people. Wei
(must not sit supine and helpless. Wei
of arrogance and the brutal selfish
ness of envy each to rmi unchecked \
'< its evil course, if w';i do do so then!
some days mouldering hatred will sud- j
j denly kindle info a consuming flame ;
and either we or our children will be
called on to face a crisis as grim as
any wtileb this republic* has' over seeti.'
f'.-j ? ^ '4 ' < i . I
Hatfield a Winner
And at lieast Three of Five Congress
men Will be Republicans is the lie- j
lief of the Citizen's Correspondent J
After Careful Purvey. ?
Oil- state matters, Dr. H. D. Hat
field,, the Republican nominee toi
Governor, will win over William R. !
Thompson by the biggest majority
ever 'accorded a Republican guber
natorial candidate in this stafc:\ On i
a conservative estimate, I place his t
pHirfclity at 20,000. I have arrived ;
at this view of the political situation 1
.after talking with both Republican !
.and Democratic leaders, and 1 only |
wifiin to qualify it by asserting that j
it is contingent only on the continu- i
ation of the alliance btween the Re
publicans and Progressives, which 1 j
believe is Stronger today than it has
ever been since the beginning of the
Dr. Hatfield has been viciously as- !
sailed in this campaign, but he has ?
force behind him and when he an- ;
nounced at the meeting here last 1
Thursday night that he would keep
a legislature in special session until
it did repeal the present obnoxious j
guard law there was no one who
heard him but who believed that j
' Hatfield would and could do that j
very thing. Hatfield has shown that j
many of the scurrilous charges made j
against him are untrue. For in
stance. it wacb charged that he has !
refused to appoint Democtfktic chal- j
lengers in McDowell county. He ;
shows that under the law he did not !
have the authority. He was charged {
with seeking a pardon for A. 1 >. !
Calhoun, a wealthy Negro ccavicted \
of illicit selling. He hat- proved by i
Governor Glasscock that he made no
effort to free Calhoun and never J
discussed the matter with the state
executive. He was charged with
favoring the retention of the guard
system. He said publicly that it j
must go. Chairman Stuart Walker
of the Democratic state committee, j
has declared him to be a most ob- .
noxious candidate for the governor
ship, but the fifteen Democratic ;
state senators selected Hatfield as
the only Republican senator they
would accept for the presidency of ,
(Continued on Page T2U?M-> i
. . " v1 ? . S
Dixon Predicts
Roosevelt Sweep
# >* ? . - ...... c. ^
"Unless Our Managers are Crazy
He'll Win in a Landslide," Says
Chairman of tlie Progressive Na
tional Committee.
New York, Get}, ^30 ? ''RoosovMtfs
strength will surprise the .-nation; in
?numerous states there will be land
slides for him."
This was iihe answer last night of
Senator Joseph M. Dixon, Progressive
national chairman, to the cries of op
posing campaign, chieftains that he had
pnevaricated in predicting a Roose
velt victory. In til)!-iir replies Repub
lican and Democratic managers refus
ed to consider the Colonel as a ser
ious- cca'.eudtr.
"Without getting excited," averred
Senator Dixon, "this thing looks like
a 'landslide every whl?Te. Talking over
the long distance telephone during the
aftcrnon, I was informed that Frank
Dingley says a Roosevelt' victory is
certain in Maine. New York political
writers admitted confidently that our
chances in th"' empire state looked bet
ter than ever. The New York Herald
conceded Buffalo to its 'this morning,
and 1 am sure from our reports that |
we will carry Brooklyn.
"There is something on. and our!
strength is uot bounded by state lines,;
"Of court?:- we will carry Illinois.
"Why. I walked three blocks from'
the hotel this afternoon for a little
airiug. In th? six squares I covered !
1 counted forty-six Bull Moose pins, j
three Wilson emblem#, and two of the
Socialist party. Does that mean any*
Senator Dixon assorted that his pre
diction of a sweeping victory folr the
Progressive cause was not mere specu
lation, bill based on "cold blooded" ?
fa<ts from every state in the union. j
"Wither the Progressive leaders
throughout the country are crazy or;
we have the battle won," he said. "I
have not permitted myself to get the
lea l bit excited, but T believe I can j
read the handwriting on the wall, and
it spells a Roosevelt. landslide unless
1 am greatly mistaken."
Are Repulsed l?y Rebels in Santo JDo
miugo, and Insurgent** May Cai>~
turc Monte Crietl.
Puerto Plata, Santo Domingo, Oc- .
toiler 30. ? in a battle at Monte i
Cristi last Sunday the government ,
forces were repulsed twice. Tho in
? 1 - \ ' X*
A man entered into a coutract '
iwith a railroad to furnish wood and i
ties to tiie company, to bo takeij [
from the timber lanus in the Missis- j
aippi river bottom, in this bottom, j
perched upon stilts, he built a log
cabin, and with his wue and an oiu j
Negro man who assisted him, lived |
there and worked tor live long years. '?
The railroad company was impecu- j
nious and had paid him on account j
barely Lutlicient to buy meal and ,
bacon for subsistence, when it wont j
into the hands of a receiver. , The \
woodman went in person to the Fed- i
erai CouTt with his claimr He wore -(
a coonskin cap. He was long past 1
the meridiau of life and too poor to
hire a lawyer. He told tne federal
judge the company, owed him over
seven hundred dollars, all his littt^ <
fortune. The last item in his uc- .
count was eleven months old,' when I
the railroad ' deiaulted. Aocordlng :
to the decisions, the payment ol
such claims wa- restricted to those j
which had accri^ed with la six I
months, and the judge decided !
against the man's claim. Thb wood- '
man reached for his coonskin cap, 1
and, almost tottering, left the court j
room, fjo was found later at his
home, hanging to the limb of a tree, ;
dead. The coonskin cap was found !
lying at the foot of the iree. |
That judge was United States \
Circuit Judge Henry Clay Caldwell, i
of the Eastern District of Arkansas, j
appointed by Abraham Lincoln, I
himself of the coonskin-cap tribe, j
Judge Caldwell is now living in hon
orable retirements after forty years [
of continuous service on the Federal }
bench. He never forgot the case of ;
the man with the coonskin cap. He j
reflected that much of our law was I
judge-made law; that there was Just 1
as much law and just as much rea- i
eon and common sense for saying j
that claims against railroad proper
ties in tho hands of receivers were
valid if they accrued within six
years, as there was for saying that
they must have accrued within six
months. He then and there decided
to make some law 'himself. There
after he made it a rule of his court;
that no railroad receiver' -would he
appointed by- him- save upon . the
condition that all cUlma-for labor,,
supplies an,d material necessary, to
keep the roajci in operation, and all
claims for damages, not barred by
the statute of limitations,, should
have preferences over mortgages. It
was a new rule of law, but that was
many years ago; and now, through
legislation in some of the states, and
by judicial decisions in others, that
surgents now occupy St. Pierre, and
it is believed that Monte Cristi must
General Borrias, wifflTKOO Insur
gents. is near Puer to ...Plata ...The.
government forces here are barricad
ing the streets. ?
Communication with Santo Domin
go City is cut off, as the insurgents
do not permit the telegraph lines to
work and the government cannot pro
tect them.
The insurgent forces at Monte
Cristi number l,_00. They have re
ceived 300,000 rounds of cartridges
and $110,000 in gold. ?The inhabi
tants are sufforiu-f; from lack of food.
The capture < f the city would
hasten the fall of the Victoria gov
ernment, as it vo lid relieve a thous
and men from di:rv in the province of
Monte Cristi, and this army would
then move on Puerto Plata and San- :
tiago and thus ond the war in the
north of the republic.
Apparently - a 1 governor of Puerto
Plata suspects \het General Bmilio
Garden i? ma!u 1/ preparations to
capture Puerto tn and he is taking j
all precautions to guard thecitv.
Negro Waiters j
to the Front!
- -- . 1 -- i
Taken on to Bt^k a of
Whites in Hostel Hen of National
Capitol, They Will ?>e Hotaitietl I
Permanently, Say Managers.
Washington, D. C., Oct. 30. ? "It's !
an ill wind that blows nobody good." t
By virtue of a foolish and unreason- !
able si ike on the part of between !
300 and <00 whito waiters in several
of the leading hotels and cafes of !
this city, a lar^e, number of Negro !
waiters taken on at first as strike- j
breakers, have >eon given permanent j
places in the dining rooms of said ?
hotels and cafes. The Haleigh, New
Willard an j Cafe UcpublUjue, within
whose walls a blackface was a strang
er, are now fully equipped with col- [
ored waiters, and the managers say i
they have the experience and relia
bility to hold dottn the jobs for all j
time. The strikers -have attempted
violence, but have been pretty well .
thinned out by Major Sylvester's j
? ? '*? ? -w-,
law; ?nd lt? manifest Justice . lyre
bofK'.marBWng oji. : " . f^v
.. these, whtct* fere
out ot%e conditions now, tfc^e Fro- ' t"
greBsive party seeks to remedy-~-*i<>t . ' ;
because of misfortune in individual - ^
cases, and &?nsk. of a judge herty and'^C
there ? but as a universal practijq$% V
of the golden rule and the square 4 * ;>
deal in the administration ojt .
Other ' ;*i tries are far> atye&ii<jr
uo in s' oforins. In Australia*
for ins v' when, an. employee has
a gri ^ j, he presents it ib th0
arbi' ji court. The employer i? .<
jk ^ cy to answer. There is a
v, % and when the case is Avoided,
? lecision stands tot three years.
^ , judge in Melbourne^ after care- r; ' ;
^ . investigation, gave a goldrbinlug
company the option of paying Uving
wages or closing down his property*
We seek to find some wriy\ by
which the reforms relating to the
employment of women, their scant
and insufficient wage and tjieir ertV
?ployment in nightly occupattpnai-r^'"
shall, be brought to pass '&)?
shall be brought to pass withoutviut^r-' ;
fcrence from judicial tribiunals
??(l on accepted justice. We sefcij*, \n \;;V
short, the right to pass our owi^ays,
based on the will of the makoxfity,
with due regard" to 7iuittan , Tights-.1
and with proper protection for;pr'o>
orty rights; but we place ' human.*! vYv'
rights first, as did Lincoln an<J\ the ' ^
Republican party of 1860.
Hut we stand for still further \re
forms in the law ? for ex?fi$ii$9fc, ... ? \
lfor simplicity of procedure. .fQ^'lesH
expensive trials for the citizen and . ;
for the state not only as a help to . ,
the individual citizen, but aq a les- /
sening of the burden of taxation.
We insist that the trial of the aver- .
age law suit is a battle of wits and > ?
a splitting of judicial hairs, in which
the fundamental justice of the ques
tion at issue is lost sight of. This
we seek to remedy. We also Week
to remedy by legislation some; of the
things which have been left staridi&g ,
from former days and whicli tailed ?
attention in 'the rush of mAterlil
growth and in the accumulation o? ;j I
precedents, it will sur prise^ijijaan^i
American citizens, ,perJiap^-^e^n<wffA^;.v
that a citizen of <?ne M&Wl: mdy
? ? ,
employ another to go. into an adjoin
ing etttte and commit a capital
crime, and yet if he himself , regains
out of the state where the crinie is
committed he cannot be ' j>unislie(r
for his offense in either state. This
is but a sample of the chaotic condi
tion of our laws. ')/:**? . . V ?'
I ?? . Ill I ? F ^ *$u i t ? i4?n i? ? i f ?y? ? >? m . r J
"strong-arm squad" of bluecoafs,
who gave the coloied men ample pro- y:
tectiou, escorting many of them to
-?heir- - ho -^?Uii .-.iioimi at night.
The guests at the hostelrles named :
are delighted with the dhange; Said
a well-known southerner who always
stops at the Haleigh: . ' -i/l
"Negroes should havo the first
chance at this profession of \vaitlng
? -for, when properly learned it is a '??
profession. Their opportunities for
employment in business and other
avenues are so limited that they are ? . v1
entitled to a practical monopoly at /
callings like this, in which they seVve
to better advantage than white men. T*}
The white waiter ubqs his job as a -
means to an end. He is independent,
often superclioua and finds no satis
faction in his work. Ho feels above \
it, and goes into something else 'as ^
soon as he gets in shape to db so. '.'
"Tihe Negro, on .the Other hantj/ y,
makes waiting a life calling. He is v
naturally polite and obliging and is
never happier, than when doing
something to pleiise a gentleman or
lady of what he terms 'class.' He Is
proud to be known as a flrst-clasa ^
waiter, and grows better an be goes. '? ,v
along. Besides, he 'looks the part/
and we southerners feel perfectly at
home when we have him about ns. ?
This foreign waiter fad is" blowing V.,.'
over, and wo are gltd to see the Ne- \
gro returning to the old field in
which he is both useful and orna
mental. Give me colored waiters ev-* .
ery day in the week." ...
in putting colored waiters hi their
dining rooms permanently, Manager
Itillnmn, Weston and others have >
scored a big hit with their "sWellV :!
pfttrens. They assert tiiat, under no
consideration, will any of the white
strikers be taken back. , ' ,
Packed houses have again been the
rule this week at the Howard Theatre
and the "standing room only" tegeii^
is displayed nigHly long before the
first curtain goes up. The monster
f t / % 1
bill is headed by that sterling team,
Hodges and Launch mere, whose act
has a distinct flavor of Broadway and
Hammerstein's. Leona Marshal), n
greatj favorite here, 'Joes a noat fcja*
gie turn, and McI^lSflV^k anil Shad&4gr j
win favor in a *lnfelng< and
(Continued tm p?& three.)
' v, y% a ?, ,

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