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The Charleston advocate. [volume] (Charleston, W. Va.) 1894-189?, July 01, 1894, Image 6

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; ? (iriiiorg.
A Canal Full of Liquor,
S-jnuto? Pfeffer said in a temperanoe speech
that the amount of distilled spirits on hand in
the United States wonld fill a oanal twenty feet
wide, ten. feet deep and fifteen miles long, or
make h lake a mile square and thirty feet deep.
"All that has to go down the throats of the
Amoritfjurpe pie next year; and there will be
another oanal fnll by that time." ? Christian
Guardian ( 7 oronto )
Gno ?ti? of Temperance Sentiment in
? k England.
AAoironlar on temperanoe matters has been
issued 4)/ the president of the Wesley an Confer
enoe. The latest atatistios issued by the Wes
leyar. Churoh gives the number of bands of
hope as 4,035, with an enrolled membership of
420,868, or an increase of 20,721 on the previous
' year. The a4ult temperanoe sooieties number
* 084, ahowing an increase of 148, with an enrolled
membership of 61,176 ; increase nearly 10,000
on the year; ? London Christian.
I Larae Increase of Murders.
. It appears that theorlme of murder is increas
ing lit this country at an appalling rate. It is
stated that the*- number of murders committed
in tht* United States during 1892 was 6,792 ; in
1891 the cumber was 5 906 ; in 1890, 4,290, and in
1S89, 1^507. Th^se figures tell, indeed, an omi
nous fvtoi*y which may well arrest the attention
of thoughtful people These murders, of course,
hive a variety of onuses, but it is safe to assume
that chief among these causes is the use of in
toxicating beverages. Frenzied by drink, men
ate pHpn/ed to commit the most desperate of
crimes With the widely-extended saloon system
in':thls oountry, and the large consumption of
?intoxicants, we have given a cause, and in the
? alsrmijg prevalence of the crime of murder, we
m*y se? tie consequence ? National lemperance
Advocate. J
?The Bacteria Hunt.
This m qEobe madness is reaching the poit . i f
defeating itself. If our water, milk, money, the
street-oan? iji which wo ride, the teeth with wnicn
we rat, ob*er*a* ?? ^euglon and the oscu
slatk?n rff ' ..w~ h* i pireinris> to matiimony are
* . .^ed: with the t-oous of disease, the raoe
should In oome extinct long ago. Yet it
? v iud continues to increase and multiply.
\ : unthirtlclng may flippantly assert that mi
crobes appear to be tolerably good things, if the
?population ikeeps up its regular percentage of
increase *l*i'e living with them; and public
opinion will a? least go the length of saying
^ that the m$robe hunt had better oease. Enough
*of th? p?*tlforous things have been found. Life
# will iot be Vorth having if it is under the fear
.of eiiooiintfcfing the plaguing germs at every
* urn of erer?clay life. Keep our water and milk
?ree of the weds of disease, and the majority of
"nanklnd wijl take chanoes of them in money,
'?lepi2oni? nad other instruments of civilization.
Pi dibit rgti>Dispatch
- Tcrn the SriGOT.
\ **?
Th* lady 0/ the house, in one of our large oity
1 omes; was Suddenly startled by the shrieks of
I er Irtsh servant in the kitchen. Hastening to
' Ker re)ief, shy found the water pouring out from
t*ie pi?>es ant flooding the floor, while Bridget
w'aa doing ho*' level best to arrest its ravages by
capping u? t?e overflowing current in a buoket
s^d dasiiiagit out of the window. But her ef
forts were of -little avail. Doing her very best,
a she was, t&e waters was gaining upon her, and
tl reatening ta submerge the kitchen and de
stroy its oontents, perhaps Biddy herself. Henoe
her tertible strieks for help. Her mistress, tak
ing in the 9it<rati^n at a glance, lifted her skirts,
dished through the rising waters, and turned the
spigot, .ancj tl? water ceased to flow. It was an
eaiy thing to do. It was the natural thing to do.
IUwas the pnff effectual thing to do. When it
? wfs done the $ anger was past. Bridget oeased
to shriek, ?nd the household was at peace.
Which ihitgs lire an allegory. The overflowing
staeam of the 'still and the brewery is surging
th ough the land. Jts waters are submerging
anj destroying ten thousand homes. They are
thyeateqiDg ttttj ruin of preoious interests. The
Christian poo^je are the Bridgets, laboring and
str ving .to ?bw;e the waters in their tin buckets
of -moral so avion, regulation, restriction, tax,
etcC Ajcd in the presence of its increasing flow
anc. its threatening aspect, they are shrieking at
the veryiop o? their voioes in a kind of de?pair
ing\cry for help. O where is the good sensible
housewife who^will turn the spigot ? Poor Bid
diet:, whM a pitiable, and, if it were not so full of
ml^iry and eieaih, what a laughable exhibit we
are Snaking of Morsel ves ! Is it not possible for
the Christian it fin of this land to see that there
is bit one w*y & stop these damsging waters?
The .saloon $ t?o spigot, oat of which they flow.
Tartji the spigot iown, and the overflow ceases,?
Uhrfttian 8tateii*a*.
?be MomesUad.
BRINGING HOME THE COWS.
When potatoes were in blossom,
When the new hay filled the mows,
8weet the paths we trod together,
Bringing home the cows !
What a purple kissed the pastare,
Kissed and blessed the alder boughs,
A b we wandered slow at sundown,
Bringing home the cows !
How the far-oft hills were gilded
With the light that dream allows,
As we built our hopes beyond them,
BriDgiDg home the oows !
How our eye? were thronged with visions,
What a meaning wreathed our brows,
As we watched the cranes, and lingered,
Bringing home the oows 1
Past the years, and through the distance,
Throbs the memory of ours vows ;
Oh that we again were children,
Bringing home the cows !
Charles 0 D Roberts, in IAppincott's.
HAY SHEDS.
It is about the time of year tbat we should, as
the old prophets used to do, take up our parable
on the subject of providing shedding for hay.
It seems to us an absolute waste of raw material
to own land, fence it, pay taxes on it, grow
great orops of grass, buy machinery, furnish the
labor and oonvert it into hay, and then stack the
hay in the open field. We do not believe a staok
was ever built in the United States which did
not waste from twelve to twenty per o*nt. of the
hay, and in many oses from twenty five to
thirty ; nor do we believe tbat the man lives who
can build a staok whioh will not waste at least
twelve per cent. The waste comes not from any
apparent spoiling of the hay, but from the fact
that the heating, which is inevitable, will cause
moisture to settle on the outside during the
night, and this moisture will discolor and de
stroy the feeding value of the entire outside of
the hay-stack ; and the smaller the stack and
the greater proportion of the surface exposed,
compared with the quantity of hay, the greater
will be the waste.
Then comes the danger of settling to one side
or the other, and thus inviting the rains of
heaven inside; the danger of the top being
blown off by vinds ; the waste of hauling from
the staok to the barn ; the waste whioh comes
from cutting a staok in two, or leaving the bot
tom exposed to the snows of winter, and the ag
gregate of all this waste is something enormous
We do not pretend to say that these losses oan
be avoided by using a hay shed, for nothing
short of a barn will prevent some exposure, and
even the top layer of bay in a mow, no matter
how well covered, will be more or less damaged
by the moisture oondenfing on the hay when
undergoing heating and becoming discolored.
By far the greatest percentage of this loss,
however, can be avoided by the oonstruotion of
hay 8hedB.
We have often described in a general way how
these oan be built, and do not oare to enter into
more than a general description, for the reason
that with a general plan given every farmer who
has enterprise sufficient to secure a hay shed at
all can plan one for himself better than anybody
else can explain it for him. We have found
twenty by forty and sixteen feet high to be a
very convenient size. We have used six by six
and eight by eight for the posts, and prefer the
former size. Thirteen feet is sufficient width
apart for the posts, and a moment's reflection
will enable any one to see that for a shed of the
size mentioned but ten posts will be required.
Where pine is used, it is better to get tfce posts
sixteen feet long, and bolt them to oak posts
set in the ground three or four feet, so that the
oak posts, when rotted, can be replaced without
damage to the shed.
These posts can be tied together by four cross
timbers, but the one *t the end which the hay
goes in should be at least two feet below the top
of the posts, so as to allow the horse fork full of
hay full swing in passing in. Sixteen-foot
boards will roof each side of this shed They
can be battened, if necessary, but if the lumber
be reasonably dry it will not shrink enough to
do any particular damage. Some farmers, in
fact, prefer not to batten, and allow the boards
to oup by nailing four inohes from either side of
the board, bo that the water falling on the edge
follows the cup down. It is astonishing how
little water flo^s into these sheds when the
roofs are unbattened. We prefer, however, to
batten.
The horse fork oan be used, the traok being
suspended from the roof, as in a barn, and the
inconvenience of the two inside oross pieces In a
barn of the above size oan be avoided by putting
the hay in in seotions, and taking oare not to let
quantities of it lie aoross the oross pieces. A
shed of this kind oan be braced without oross
pieces, but not without more or less waste of
space.
We have thus described the simplest and
cheapest kind of a shed, and whioh can be built
by any man at all handy with tools. Additional
expense can be added to this shed very profita
bly. For example, feediDg sheds oau be at
tached to it on three sides, preferably the north,
west and south. These should be sixteen feet
wide, eight feet high at the rear, and with a good
slope to the roof, and in this oase the main shed
oould be boarded down to the roof of the feed
ing shed.
It will be seen that a hay shed of this kind,
with sheds around it, will give 2,200 square feet
of shed room, or a floor spaoe of a barn forty by
fifty five This oan be divided into different
sections, and the stodk fed dlreotly out of the
mow into the mangers, thus plaolng a large
amount of stock in one place with the hay all
under one roof. A orib of corn or a bin of oats
oan very easily be oonstruoted in this shed, so as
to have the feed all together. One of the main
advantages, however, of this shed is the protec
tion it sffords against the winter blasts; and
still another, the faot that if abundance of straw
is hauled in, the manure oan be kept through
the winter, and through the summer, if need be,
under cover and without loss. It is vsry easy, if
a farmer wishes to invest still more money, to
make a barn on this general idea, haviDg a large
bay in the center and oattle sheds all around it
In faot, with the exoeption of the octagonal barn,
this plan will give more accommodations than
any other plan of barn with whioh we are ac
quainted. We make these suggestions that our
readers may think over them while they are
plowing the corn and getting ready for the hay
harvest. ? The Homt stead.
Ifte dhuwh.
OUR SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION.
The Sunday School Union of the Methodist
Episcopal Church disburses every year all mon
eys contributed by the churoh for the establish
ment of Sunday schools at home and abroad,
and for the dissemination of religious literature
ia places where it oould not be oiroulated with
out such aid. Jesse L. Ilarlbut, corresponding
secretary, and Robert II. Doherty, recording
seoretary, may be addressed at 150 Fifth avenue,
New York.
# * *
Here are the statistics of the Sanday Sjhool
Union for 1893: We have 28,850 schools, 328,
343 cffioers and teachers, and 2 400,874 scholars.
This is an increase over the previous year of 633
schools, 18,181 officers and teachers, and 40,092
scholars. Of the officers and teaohers 289,542
are members of the oburoh or probationers ; and
of the scholars, 716,149 The number of con
versions reported is 119,741.
A touching incident from Copenhagen : As
one of oar missionaries hastened along the street
on an errand of mercy a door wag opened, and a
fine looking matron of the true Danish stamp
called to him. He paosed a moment, and she
overwhelmed him with thanks for the little pa
pers which her ohildren had brought home from
the Methodist Sand ay- school. "I am not a
Methodist myself," she said, "and possibly
never will be, but I love my ohildren, and I love
all who love them. Your Sunday-sohool has
changed my son, and given him a loving heart,
and the papers he has brought home have led his
father and myself to go regularly to our own
church, which for years was neglected by us."
That Sunday school was founded and has been
supported by our Union. Without the assist
ance regularly given by the Union cur missiona
ries, in Denmark aud elsewhere, would be with
out the religious literature whioh has proved to
be so effective and helpfal a messenger of the
gospel.
* * *
"God bless the Sunday School Union," writes
a missionary from Madras. " You don't know
how muoh good you do. If you could only see
our Sunday-school, perhaps you would come
nearer knowing. It meets in the open air, when
the weather permits, in the shadow of a splendid
tropical tree whioh would have been one of the
wonders of the World's Fair could it have been
transplanted to Chicago. Oar children oome
from wretched huts, poverty-stricken and filthy,
and their fathers and mothers and all about
them are bad Out of these foul environments
we lift them for at least one hour in each week.
If you could see and hear them, and realize
what the Sunday-sohool is to them, and remem
ber that it is your contributions which make this
Sanday-sohool possible, I doubt whether you
oould sleep to-night for joy. My conviotion is
stronger to day than ever before that the San
day-school is the lever with whioh this genera
tion of missionaries is to raise the ooming gen
eration of Hindus to Christianity." If our
friends in Amerioa will provide the means, the
Sunday- School Union will guarantee to estab*
lish one hundred suoh schools at unoooupied
points this year.
* * ?
The same missionary maintains that Sunday
schools do as mufth good to the adults of the
neighborhood as to the ohildren Wherever one
1b establ'shed there la a marked improvement in
moral behavior, and even adalta who do not at
tend ari 'nflaenoed by oar teachings. The illus
trated ^sson leaves and the oolor-printed Sun
day sojr'ool tickets which the Sunday School
Union enables our missionaries to supply, and
without whioh the ohildren oould hardly be in
duoed to come to school, are taken home and
read to the parents. Parents who themselves
oan not read are proud of their children's
greater intellectual acquirements, and ask their
boys and girls to rrad the leaflets to admiring
visitors. "I have been in several huts lately,"
writes he, "where Sunday-school tickets were
taoked to the Inside wall as a decoration. But
the ticket is far more than a decoration, for
through all the hours of daylight it silently wit
nesses for Christ Frequently, when going
from one Sunday-school to another, I have
passed a group of men listening to one who read
from our lesson leaves. These lesson leaves are
the best sort of miniature commentary on the
Word of God. The reader has not only the
Holy Soripture, but it is so explained in nearly
every lesson that the reader who desires to know
the truth will be able to see his way to Christ "
Thus are God's seeds scattered broadcast ; and
the haivest is sure. Your contributiom last
year paid for those lesson leaves and tickets.
THE APOSTOLIC PRAYER-MEETING.
At the opening of the term of Bareilly Theo
logical Seminary the faculty and students began
the work with a half night of prayer, in earnest
supplioation for the baptism of the Holy Spirit
to fit student and teacher for the study of God's
Word, and for all needed spiritual qualification
for the work of the term. Prayer and praise
and words of exhortation filled up the time,
whioh seemed all too short, till the midnight
bell. So impressed were the students with the
blessedness of tbat half night of prayer, that
they have held a meeting till midnight one even
ing each week ever since. For two years a
motto of the school has been, "The Word of
God and Prayer," as the apostles had determined
for themselves. Indeed, the students for some
time have bad a daily evening prayer-meeting
for an hour, whioh, in view of this motto, they
oall the "apostolic prayer meeting." There is
first a short season of prayer, then all study the
Word with close prayerful attention, and the
meeting is closed with prayer that the Word
may beoorae frultful and abound. There is
nothing about the S minary more enconraglng
than this spirit of prayer ? Quarterly BulUtin%
HELPFULNESS.
There is no desolation more complete than that
of the sinner who feels that he has been " given
up" on account of his wrongdoing. Outcast
and friendless, he oan no longer believe in heav
en, sinoe earth has proved itself so pitiless.
A friend of Charles Kingsley says that the
poet was onoe walking at Eversley, when he met
a miserable old man, the ne'er do-well of the
place. Kingsley stopped and talked with him,
kindly, sternly, and yet with a sort of deferenoe.
"I am sorry to say it," he explained, when
the old man had gone on, " but that person is a
perfeot blackguard. There 'sn't a worse charac
ter in the place. He has lost everybody's respect,
even? God help him? his own. That Is why I
am so anxious to act as If he had not lost mine.
Something may bs done for him yet, if we can
only show him that somebody Is reaUy Interested
in him. He may think that God, too, oares for
him."
Few of us show such tender care in trying to
persuade the wretched and the outcast that we
are their friends, eager to help them to a better
life. We are more likely to follow the street
boy's counsel : " He's down I Hit him again !"
? Youth's Companion.
HOW YOU CAN HELP OUR SUNDAY-SCHOOL.
By attending regularly.? Dj I?
By being prompt.? Dj I ?
By teaching a o'ass or joiniog a class.? Have
I?
By speaklDg encouragingly of our school. ?
Do I?
By inducing others to attend.? Do I?
By studying the lesson at home. ? Dj I ?
By joining in the singing and other opening
and olosiDg exeroises. ? Do I?
By handiDg the superintendent the names of
any who are siok, or who for any reason should
be visited.? Do I ? ? BeUcttd.
Ws have somewhere met wl'h a quaint but
exhaustive classification of mankind In respect
to Christ, namely: Believers, half believers,
make-believers, and unbelievers. Half believers
have existed all along the history of the churoh,
and they throng our churches to day, and they
make up the majority of disolpleg now, as they
did In the days of the Son of Man,? Dr. Daniel
Steele.

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