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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, March 11, 1895, Image 3

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Inmates of the Illinois
State Home Break
Thirty-Four Juveniles Hold
Full Possession of the
The Ringleaders Battle and De
molish the Furniture In the
Chicago, March 10. — Riot broke loose in
the Illinois State Home for Juvenile Fe
male Offenders on Indiana avenue to
Thirty-four girls ranging in age from 10
to IS years rose in rebellion against the
matron, Mrs. Dayton. Mrs. Dayton and
her assistants were powerless to con
trol their charges, and were com
pelled to shut themselves in rooms
to escape their almost frenzied assailants.
The girls went through the house breaking
furniture and windows, and smashing
crockery and everything they could lay
their hands on.
The police were summoned and restored
order, but had no easy time, as the ring
leaders fought desperately. Four of the
most prominent of the girls were arrested.
The troubles arose over the punishment
given by Matron Dayton to Mamie Davis,
16 years of age. According to the girls,
however, the uprising was due to a great
dissatisfation among the girls over their
treatment in general.
It arose particularly because of a system
of punishment which included imprison
ment in a dark room 10 by 1- feet in size,
the culprit being secured to the lloor by a
heavy chain and also a system of dieting
in which the offender was not allowed
meat and was half starved.
Tlte Joint Committee's Report Shows
Government Economic Reductions.
Washington, March 10.— A review of the
work done by the Dockery Joint Commis
sion of Congress, created for the purpose
of inquiring into and examining the status
of the law organizing the executive de
partments, has been printed. The greater
number of the recommendations of the
commission so far have been put into prac
tical operation and have been from time to
time made public. The review shows that
the entire cost of the commission aggre
gated $41,264, while the actual annual re
ductions in the Government expenditures
made as a result of its work amount to
. "The reduction," the review continues,
"is not for the time being only, but will
continue through each of the coming years.
The commission, however, feels that the
expedition of public business and added
security to the Government in its methods
of accounting under the new systems in
augurated would. have fully justified its
existence, even if there had been no dimi
nution in expenses."
A census of the departments held here at
the direction of the commission discloses
the fact that in the executive departments
and other Government establishments at
the national capital there are employed
17,999. There are 8027 in the class subject
to competitive examination preliminary to
appointment, and 3265 of that number en
tered the service after such examination,
and that of the whole number employed
5610 have from one to nine relatives each
in the Government service at Washington.
The commission also reported a concur
rent resolution which provided for the en
grossment and enrolling of Congressional
acts by printing, which received the ap
proval of both houses, and the commission
says its value, from the standpoint of both
accuracy and economy, is illustrated by
the fact that not a single error has oc
curred under the system up to this time.
Much space is given to a recital of the
benefits which, the review asserts, have
been accomplished as a result by the com
mission and subsequently incorporated in
a bill approved by the President July 31,
1894. The estimated annual saving result
ing from this reform is put at $239,430.
Recommendations made by the commis
sion and not acted on relate, among others,
to the reorganization of the office of super
vising architect, contested land cases, re
peal of the land contest act, transfer of
duties of receivers of land offices, public
surveys, abolition of the office of solicitor
of internal revenue, bonds of Government
officials, checking of money orders, aboli
tion of naval officers at all ports and the
establishment of a substitute therefor in
New York, and writing and recording offi
cial letters. These reforms, the commis
sion estimates, would effect the annual
saving of $449,929.
Italy Will Use American- Built Frame
Houses, if Cheap.
Washington, March 10.— United States
Consul Bruhl at Catalonia, Italy, has dis
covered a fine market for ready-built Amer
ican frame houses, of from two to five
looms, well braced, of low price. The re
cent and frequent earthquakes in Sicily
and Catalonia have destroyed many build
ings poorly braced. r '
To begin with, after making inquiries,
the Consul is convinced that the people
would readily adopt the American struc
tures as better calculated to resist shocks.
A member of the Royal Earthquake Com
mission has interested himself in the sub
ject, and the Consul is anxious to obtain
illustrated catalogues from the American
manufacturers to lay before the commis
sion. _
Mrs. Glasscock Proposes to Push the
Proceedings for Divorce.
Washington, March 10. Mrs. Carrie M.
Glasscock, whose allegations concerning
Senator Stewart created a sensation- in
Washington several months ago, . an
nounces that she will prosecute the pro
ceedings for divorce against her husband,
Glasscock having withdrawn his own peti
tion for divorce. This will reopen the old
scandal and will be embarrassing for Sen
ator Stewart and his family, who allege
that the Glasscock people are in conspiracy
to extort money from the Senator.
Missed the Eclipse.
Washington, March Preparations
were made at the observatory and other
places in Washington to observe the total
eclipse of the moon to-night, but owing to
the fogginess ofthe weather and the quan
tity of clouds in the sky. no accurate views
could be made. Even the exact time of the
beginning and ending could not be learned.
Employer and Employe Met Through the
Medium of the Postoffiee.
Washington, March 10. — The United
States Consul at Luxembourg outlines the
scheme of an international labor exchange,
which has proven very beneficial in that
grand duchy in facilitating the employ
ment of labor. It was instituted in 1892
and every postoflice co-operates in the
transmission of offers made and applica
tions for employment between wage-payers
and wage-earners.
Offers and applications are addressed to
the nearest Postmaster on special postal
cards and the applications are registered.
The lists are publicly posted in all post
offices, in railway stations, hotels and pub
lic houses. The postoffice assumes no re
sponsibility in the business beyond the
transmission and posting of applications
and offers. The Postmasters inform an
applicant by postal card when an offer of
employment is received. A statement at
tached shows that during two years there
were received through this system 1904
applications for employment and 1701 of
these secured places. During the same
time 3511 employers applied for help and
engaged 4372 persons.
The Perry at Valparaiso.
Washington, March 10.— Captain Shep
herd, chief of the revenue marine service,
received cable dispatches to-day stating
that the revenue cutter Perry, which is en
route from New York to San Francisco,
has reached Valparaiso.
Died From a Dog Bite.
Reading, Pa., March 10. — Mrs. Susan j
Dautrich, aged sixty years, who was bitten I
in the hand by a dog six weeks ago, died
here. She showed all the horrible suffer
ings of a person afflicted with rabies.
Lecture by Rev. Higgina on That Subject
Last Night.
At the First New Jerusalem Church,
corner of O'Farrell and Webster streets,
Rev. F. L. Higgins delivered last evening :
the fourth of a series of lectures on
"Swedenborg," and what he has done for
the world, presenting particularly the j
philosophic aspect of his subject.
"The province of philosophy," said the
speaker, "is to expound the whence, what
and why of creation, and to show the har
monious relation of the chief essentials of I
its complex organization. We have had i
the theistic, idealistic and materialistic
schools of philosophy, but Swedenborg
presents to the world a new and entirely
distinct school. He shows that theistic
philosophy is true in so much as it recog
nizes causes back of creation, but false in
declaring that something came from noth
ing, and that materialism errs in regarding
nature and its laws as being the embodi
ment and sole continent of the ultimate
first cause of creation. Swedenborgian
philosophy recognizes that divine love
alone had power of creating beings capable
of consciously receiving and reciprocating
that love, and hence the human race
• — ♦ — •
American Band Concert.
Many who were disappointed in not
hearing music in Golden Gate Park yester
day made up what they lost by visiting the
Mechanic's Pavilion and listening to the
music by Roncovieri's American Band.
The attendance was unusually large, the ■
music charming, and the pictures which i
were thrown on the large screen above the I
musicians to illustrate several of the num
bers were appropriate and in every in
stance shown at precisely the right* mo
ment. Roncovieri's idea of music and pic- |
tares has taken a firm hold on the people,
as is evinced by the increased nightly at
tendance. Another excellent programme
Along the "Water Front.
The ship Elwell arrived from Nanaimo yes
terday afternoon, having made the round trip
in nineteen days.
The Aryan was towed from Harrison street
to Stewart and the Laurelbank from the gas
works to the stream.
The ship Guilford goes from Sausalito to
McNear's and the William Law to sea to-day.
Actress Dismissed in Consequence, and
.Europe Is Disturbed.
A strange tumult is raging on the Conti
nent. It has been agitating Vienna and
setting Berlin by the ears, and now it has
spread to England.
And it all arose from a mere trifle—
kissing of an actr-ss on the stage. In the
course of a play it became necessary for a
certain actor to repeatedly embrace a cer
tain actress. The act-ess had a husband.
The husband objected.
So the actress refused to be kissed, and
was, in consequence, dismissed from the
theater. Hence tears, recriminations and
tremendous controversies on kissing.
Those who have acted much will proba
bly agree in thinking that to object to a
stage kiss is absurd. It means nothing,
and therefore is nothing, for things are
greatly what we create them by the
thoughts which we connect with them.
To one person a kiss is an epoch; to
another merely a bore. The first kiss of
the lover is an episode never to be forgot
ten by a girl. Thousands of chapters have
been written upon it by lady novelists.
When Faust kisses Marguerite we feel that
the first word of a great tragedy has been
written. .;«.•.!
A refined girl thinks a kiss an intense
intimacy, intolerably insulting, unless
made beautiful by a certain train of feel
ing that prompts it.
But when we come to the lower classes
we find kissing a sort of universal habit,
almost like eating, or getting up in the
The coster girl, beneath her waving os
trich plumes, is kissed by all and sundry
in full publicity instead of being shaken by
the hand. She is not necessarily at all im
moral, though doubtless Mrs. Grundy
regards her with a pious horror.
That kissing was indulged in freely in
former times by very respectable young
people we learn from many sources; for
instance, from the charming old song that
our young girls are so fond of singing,
"Come, lasses and lads."
The fancy positively reels at the thought
of the amount of osculation that most have
taken place. And yet which of us sitting
at a concert and listening to the account ot
it all is shocked?
Old ladies nod their heads and think
pleasantly of their youth, when, by the
way, they never sat in arbors and did such
things. Decidedly there is something in
gratiating about the kiss.
||But the stage kiss? What of that? In
one opinion it is merely a fulfillment of a
stage direction, and the husband who ob
jects to it should at once remove his wife
from the stage. To treat it as anything im
portant is at once to make it objection
Electricity says there is nothing theoreti
cally improbable in the statement that an
Ohio convict has invented a battery which
converts sound into electric power* by a de
vice which "makes it possible to operate
an • ordinary call bell by simply clapping
the hands in front of the battery."
Visiting-cards, invitations, writing paper
envelopes, and all ladies' fine' stationery at
reasonable prices. Our new Columbia pape
terie, a 50-cent box for 35 cents, is the seller
now. The Columbia visiting and correspond
ence cards are the' cheapest 'and best. San
born, Vail & Co., 741 Market street. •
She Sends a Passport to
the Representative
of Venezuela.
Columbian Rebels Attack Boca
del Toro, but Meet With
Protection Given by the Cruiser's
Men to the Interests of
Paris, March 10.— an outcome of the
trouble between Venezuela and France,
growing out of the former's action in hand
ing his passport to the French representa
tive at Caracas, the French Government
has sent a passport to Dr. J. Gilfortoul, the
Venezuelan*charge d'affaires.
Cruiser Atlanta Lands Marines to Pro
tect Americans.
Colon, March 10. — The rebel forces un
der the command of Reiz Garcia made an
attack on Boca del Toro, about 100 miles
north of this city, on Friday last, but were
repulsed by the Government troops.
An attempt was made to set fire to the
town, but this was also defeated. Eleven
of the rebels, including Garcia, were
killed. The Government loss was five
killed and twenty wounded.
The United States steamship Atlanta
landed a force of sailors and marines to
protect American interests.
Government Troops Attack Them and
Inflict Heavy Loss.
Madrid, March 10.— Dispatches received
here from Cuba state that after their de
feat by the Government troops at Baire
and Los Negros the rebels occupied new
positions, in which the Government troops
again attacked and dispersed them, inflict
ing heavy loss.
Capture of Coast Forts and Rout of a
Chinese Army.
Yokohama, March 10.— On Thursday last
the Japanese captured the coast forts near
Yinkow, the port for New Chang. The
forts held out after the capture of Yinkow.
On Saturday the first division of the
Japanese attacked a force of 10,000 Chinese
under General Sung Thien Wang Twai.
For four hours a fierce battle waged, but
the Chinese were defeated after losing 2000
killed or wounded. The Japanese loss was
only ninety killed or wounded.
General Nodzu, who succeeded Field
Marshal Yamagata in the command of the
first Japanese army, has been promoted.
New York, March 10.— cablegram to
the World, dated Tokio, Japan, March 10,
says: China has been informed in general
terms of the conditions upon which Japan
will consent to peace. Japan has been
notified that China is ready to accept these
conditions and to sign a treaty. The cor
respondence by means of which this
agreement was arrived at was carried on
through the United States Ministers to the
two countries; Minister Dun at Tokio and
Minister Charles Den by at Pekin.
Hid Not Fire On an American Ship.
Managua, March 10.— Officials of the
British legation state there is absolutely
no truth in the reports of the firing on an
American vessel by a British ship.
The Financial Salvation Lies
in Union With the
England Is Watching the Nego
tiations With Much
London, Mar:h 11.— Times, in an ar
ticle on Newfoundland, says that the ne
gotiations looking to a union with Canada
will be followed here with sympathetic
interest. Canada can assume the respon
sibility for Newfoundland's debt without
creating the awkward precedent that Great
Britain would create by similar action. To
enter the Dominion is a step forward both
in power and in importance which New
foundland would have been well advised to
have known in the days of her greatest
prosperity. Now she is to be congratulated
if such a way should be opened out of her
misfortunes. ' ••}' :* ; ";•
The details of the French question can
be discussed when Canada's readiness to
federate shall be assured. In view of the
probability of the elections changing the
Government of Canada the Newfoundland
authorities would be unquestionably wise
not to lose time in completing the negotia
No other permanent remedy for their
troubles is likely to be as good as federation.
A Plethoric Condition Exists in the Lon
don Money Market.
London, March 10.— The money market
last week relapsed into its former plethoric
condition. The Rothschilds' Chilean issue
was fully covered within two hours. Any
amount of money was obtained at 1 1-16
per cent. The Canadian Pacific collapse
had a demoralizing effect and drove all
business in the direction of gilt-edged
securities and the mining market, where
another boom seems to have commenced.
Buying orders poured in from the Conti
nent and immense blocks of the shares of
South American ventures were easily
placed by syndicates in Paris at a profit.
Foreign securities remained firm in antici
pation of the Rothschilds carrying through
the conversion into "6% per cent of £21,000,
--000 of Russian 4's.
Home railway securities were quiet, the
traffic reports and Board of Trade returns
being unpromising.
Mexican and all South American securi
ties, except Chileans, were weak. Cana
dian Pacific fell ten points, and although
a rumor that the Dominion was about to
issue a new loan was denied, Canadian
Pacifies remained very weak.
American railroad securities were also in
the worst condition. Heavy sales from
Wall street and rumors of reduced divi
dends depressed the market all around.
. .;.; The European Cotton Trade.
Manchester, March 10.— There was a
considerable increase in the activity of the
cotton market last week, the stiffness in
the prices of cotton inducing holders of
discretionary orders to press in the best
possible manner. Prices generally hard
ened. Business was well distributed over
Indian, Chinese and Korean markets, and
there were moderate sales at South Ameri
can and other minor markets. The home
market continued fair. Yarns were firm,
with considerable forward business. Strikes
are now considered impossible, owing to
the 1 want of unity among the master
spinners. The Continental cotton trade is
active and healthy.
Surviving Armenians Corroborate the
Story of tit Butchery.
London, March 10.— A dispatch from
Moosh to the Telegraph says that a depu
tation of survivors of the Sassoun massa
cres in Armenia appeared before the
commission and narrated the whole
story of the butchery. Their statements
fully corroborated the worst details that
were published. The evidence made a
powerful impression on the commission!
Other dispatches to the Telegraph, de
clare that 600 eye-witnesses, who have been
examined, all deny that the Armenians
provoked the Sassoun massacres and ex
onerates the Kurds from the brutalities.
Launch of the Czar's New Yacht.
Copenhagen, March 10.— The new Rus
sian imperial yacht Standard, which is
building here, was launched to-day in the
presence of the King and Queen of Den
mark and other members of the royal
Rumors of More Armenian Disorders.
London, March 11. A special to the
Standard frem Constantinople says that
unconfirmed rumors are current of fresh
disorders at Kharaasir, in the valley of
heroic or Deified ornaments
of Ancient Marine
The Grecian Warrior Under
the Bowsprit of the
The principal and prettiest ornament of
that graceful and beautiful fabric, a ship,
is the figurehead — that always noble piece
of carving on the bow just under the sprit.
It may be the grand front of the eagle, the
lion, a hero, a god, or merely flowing lines
of artistic beauty falling away from the
upper tip of the stem, as in the "fiddle
head" often seen on ships.
The majestic place of the figure on the
forefront of the vessel's hull, as it is,
further clothes it in the attributes of the
heroic and endows it apparently with
something apart from the base material of
its construction. Always looking ahead
with gaze inexorable over the inscrutable
mysteries of the sea one would feign ask
this voiceless, lifeless sphinx of the ocean
what it sees beyond the round rim of the
watery world, but no answer ever comes
from the immovable lips, and the noble
face forever is turned toward the point of
its seeming longings.
The figurehead arose to its commanding
position on the vessel's prow far back in
the dim dawn of marine architecture,
thirty centuries before Christ. The pre
historic galley, feeling its way across the
unknown' seas, was guided and guarded by
the tutelar divinity of the early sailor, and
the god's head or figure adorned the head
or beak of the rude craft. The capture of
this sacred ornament was one of the ob
jects of the foe, and on the return of a con
quering fleet the beaks of hostile craft
were carried as trophies in triumphal pro
On modern shipboard the figurehead is
still an object of significance and venera
tion, for the old, old traditions are never so
strung in the human soul as they are in
that of the sailor. The deep and dreadful
mysticism of the sea wraps him around as
with a garment, and he lives always in the
invironments of the supernatural.
The figurehead of the ship Spartan, now
in this port, is a noble form of the old
Grecian warrior that filled . the phalanxes
of Sparta with that valor which is still the
theme of heroic song and story. . Even in
the rudely carved face are the lilies of the
indomitable courage that swept the scourg
ing squadrons of Athens' barbarian foe
men from the seas.
Typical American Face.
It may be worth while to add that once
when I said,'' How unlike each other are
our American faces, yet how quickly we
recognize any one of them among
European faces?—l wish I knew why,"
a foreign friend replied, that she could tell
me why. "The typical American mouth,"
she said, "is more sensitive than that of
other races and the chin is slenderer, but
the . main peculiarities are the shape and
setting of the eyes, and especially the mod
eling of the cheekbones.
"\ou have high cheekbones, but they
are narrow, while when they are high in
other races they are broad and flat, as with
the Japanese, or square, as with the Scan
I am afraid that she thought we all looked
a little foxy, but a fox's face has beauty,
and shows a keen sense of humor, as well
as its own sense of cleverness, and besides
every one knows that it is merely a mask.
The Century.
A cough needs quick ana effective treatment.
r. Bull's Cough Syrup furnishes this. '
Mgr. Satolli Gives His
Views on the Subject
to Guatemala.
Desires Changes in the Laws
That Militate Against
the Church.
Intercedes for the Pope In the Mat
ter of Having a Minister at
the Vatican.
New York, March 10.— An interesting
and important communication from Mgr.
Satolli to the officials of Guatemala con
cerning that country's following the course
of Nicaragua in sending to Rome an envoy
extraordinary and minister plenipoten
tiary, has been made public. In the course
of the document reference is made to the
propriety, under the United States con
stitution, of official relations between
Washington and Rome, and an interpreta
tion given to that feature of the constitu
tion relative to the separation of church
and state.
Mgr. Satolli's letter was written while
negotiations were pending about four
months ago. It refers at length to the
difficulties in church administration in
Guatemala, and suggests that certain
changes desired by the Government should
be accompanied by concessions to render
less burdensome the condition of the
church in Guatemala. The document
In the first place allow me to reflect that to
re-establish diplomatic relations between the
Holy See and your Government a concordat
would not be necessary, but that they could be
re-established and maintained without it. Be
sides, it is well to reflect that the holy father
enjoys always, in fact and by international
right, the prerogatives of sovereignty.
In the second place, the separation between
the church and the state (sanctioned by the
constitution) excluded the action of one power
[Sketched for the "Call" by W. A. Coulter.]
over another in civil matters in regard to the
church, and in religious matters in respect to
the state, but does not exclude official relations
between the one power . and the other, unless
by separation is meant the inevitable hostility
or open wrong of the civil power toward the
church and its ministry. It is a point to con
sider that all nations (although some may have
in their constitution the principle of separation
between state and church) maintain, neverthe
less, amicable reports and relations with the
Holy See, and I can also add that although the
Holy See has no diplomatic representative with
the empires of China and Japan it has certainly
found no official obstacle in their diversity of
And the condition of the Catholic church in
the United States, in whose constitution was
incorporated the article of the separation of
state from every religious sect, cannot escape
our consideration. I might almost say in a
sense of surprise that if up to date no official
relations exist between the {Government and
the Holy See, and although the majority of the
population is anti-Catholic, in the meantime
the church is maintaining possibly greater de
velopment and liberty than in other States.
Besides this direct reference to the Uni
ted States, it is said Mgr. Satolli's argu
ment as to the propriety of relations be
tween Guatemala and Rome applies also
to the United States, as he states the con
stitutional provision of both countries is
the same respecting church and state. As
to the concern of the Pope for the church
in Central America the document says:
I am happy to state that the holy father with
much pleasure learns that the ancient violent
prejudices and oppositions to the church are
daily disappearing. Moreover, I must assure
you of the lively concern of his Holiness to see
the condition of the Catholic church in your
State, the great importance of which in Cen
tral America is well known, improved. There
fore the holy father regards as of the greatest
importance, religious and civil, the good exist
ence of friendly relations, and he is not averse
to making all such concessions as may be com
patible with the doctrine of the church, to the
welfare of the faithful and the prosperity of
your country. And, therefore, his Holiness
consents to proceed to the nomination of an
apostolic administrator to the See of Guate
mala going a stranger to every faction and
without personal preoccupation, should put in
order the religious affairs of the vast arch
diocese. The apostolic administrator should j
be a European, selected from among notable
prelates or monks and of tried piety and pru- ;
dence. Being such, he should more readily
succeed in his difficult mission.
Speaking of the desirability of rendering
less burdensome the condition of the
church in Guatemala Monsignor Satolli
says : ; C.
Apropos of which allow me to recall to your
consideration the numerous decrees issued
from the 12th of December, 1871, up to 1884,
and other dispositions up to 1887— decrees and
dispositions of law more or less gravely preju
dicial to the religious liberty which the church
by divine right and almost, I might say, by the
right of mankind traditional for centuries, has
possessed . everywhere decrees and laws that
with mature examination must be recognized
as exceptional, possibly accounted for by tern
porary circumstances, or, that the Government
might secure itself against supposed adversa
ries, among which, unfortunately, the Catholic
church in Guatemala in those times was
believed to be, because otherwise it
would be impossible to understand how such
decrees and laws accord with the separation of
the church from the state, honestly and ration
ally considered. And therefore with a consti
tution so established as to be immutable itself
in the republic of Guatemala, it will not be
difficult to become convinced that the laws
and decrees referred to above should be at
least modified, or that in the matter of these
laws and decrees there should be some amica
ble adjustment with the Holy See. The consti
tution and the Government would thus receive
a most desired seal and guarantee for the
future through the desired agreement between
the Government and the Holy See, an agree
ment that harmonizes excellently with the de
clared separation between church and state
and that would bring peace to the souls of the
population of Guatemala.
In a Church Steeple, Then Buried in
the ltiver; Now Is intMorniondom.
There is a bell now hanging over a private
schoolhouse of a Mormon prophet, in Salt
Lake City, which has a curious and some
what amusing history. It was the first
church bell that ever rang out over the
plains of lowa, having been erected in the
tower of the First Presbyterian Church of
lowa City.
A few years after its installation a
trouble arose between the pastor and the
people over the question of salary, which
resulted in the former's making an at
tempt to capture and carry away the bell
to "square accounts." The good'man had
gone so far as to secure a ladder and ascend
to the roof of the church, when the cnurch
officials got wind of the affair and rushed
to the rescue of their property. They per
mitted the bell to be lowered to the ground,
but then seized upon it, loaded it in a
wagon and drove away. The ladder was
also simultaneously removed, leaving the
enraged parson wildly gesticulating from
his pulpit in the tower. This exciting
event in the early history of lowa City
was promptly embalmed in verse by a
local poet.
The subsequent history of this same bell
has a touch of romance about it. The
'"pillars" of the church, who took away
the prize in the wagon, carried it, as after
ward appeared, to a river near at hand and
buried it in the channel. As it happened,
one of the citizens concerned in the busi
ness afterward developed a sympathy with
the Mormons. He imparted information
concerning the bell to another of like sym
pathies, and through them its removal
was effected. It was conveyed secretly to
the vicinity of Bloomington — now Musca
tine — on the • banks of the Mississippi
River, and there deposited in the chan
nel of a stream known as Devils Creek.
Thence it was carried to a point near Mont
rose, 111., where it remained for some
years buried in the sand. It was then ex-
humed and carried by some Mormons to
Kanesville, in the neighborhood of Coun
cil Bluffs, from which point it was con
veyed by them in their journey across the
plains to its present resting-place.
"It was not until twenty years after that
the original possessors of the bell found
out where it had gone. Upon the com
pletion of the Pacific Railway some parties
from lowa City, in their journey across
the continent, stopped off at Salt Lake
City. There they discovered an old bell
surmounting a private schoolhouse, and
upon its margin the familiar words, 'First
Presbyterian Church of lowa City, 1846.'
Notice of the fact was promptly communi
cated to the officers of the lowa City
Church. Correspondence was opened with
the Mormon authorities, but so high was
the value placed upon it as a spoil taken
from the Gentiles, that, strangely enough",
it was decided to let the old bell remain a
voiceless trophy in the far-off land of its
captivity." Providence Journal.
It Afflicts Those Who Roll Cigarettes
and Has Appeared in Europe.
A new disease has appeared in Europe,
which has been styled smoker's cramp.
It is very similar in its effects to writer's
cramp or scrivener's palsy.
The disease is caused by rolling cigar
ettes with one hand. For many years it
has been common in Spain, although
some smokers are so expert as to make a
cigarette with a single twist of the fingers.
Since a law was recently passed in France
permitting the manufacture of hand-made
cigarettes large numbers of girls have been
employed in rolling cigarettes by hand. It
is is among them that the disease has ap
In Spain, however, it is not confined to
the cigarette girls, but it is a common ail
ment among the rest of th« population
who indulge in the fragrant but baneful
Doric Hall Emblems Laid Away for an
Indefinite Period.
The group of old battle flags which for
almost thirty years have been the center
of veneration in Doric Hall at the State
house were last week removed. When
they will be again displayed is uncertain.
The work of removing them began early in
the week under the direction of the ser
Each color was carefully wrapped in big
sheets of paper and laid away.
The reason for removing them is be
cause that portion of the State house is to
be rebuilt. The colors were placed in Doric
Hall in 1866, just after the close of the
war. In 1886, after part of them had
fallen from their positions, they were rear
W here they will be next displayed is not
decided. Boston Globe.
The consuumption of coal by locomotives
in the United States in 1893 amounted to
50,000,000 tons, or about one-third of the
whole production in this country.
Portions of Old Mexico
Endangered by the
The Alarm Is General in the
Cities of Cordoba, Orizaba
and Kalapa.
An Epidemic of Earthquakes Ex
pected by the People, Who
Are Praying.
Cordoba, State of Vera Cruz, Mexico,
March 10.— The peak of Orizaba, an ancient
volcano, is in a state of eruption. The
signs of disturbance began to manifest
themselves last Sunday night and have
increased in force constantly since that
time. It is now vomiting poisonous ashes,
and thick volumes of smoke are emitted
from a hundred apertures in its great maw.
The eartb for 100 miles around is shaken
perceptibly with subterranean vibrations.
• A great alarm exists among the dwellers
in the cities of Cordoba, Orizaba, Kalapa,
and the dozens of small villages scattered
within the scope of the strange and inter
esting phenomenon.
The shocks as yet have not been of a
serious nature and no damage from them
has been reported.
The rim of the craterglows like fire and
the thick ashes rolling down the mountain
sides have set aflame the grass and vegeta
tion clothing the sides of the summit,
which adds to the density of the smoko
and the grandeur of the spectacle.
For the public safety the Governor of
the State of Vera Cruz will shortly name a
commission of scientists to make all the
investigation into the eruption possible
and to make recommendations looking to
the protection of the inhabitants of the
neighboring villages.
The present eruption is in the heart of
the best improved land in Mexico. The
coffee plantations are not as yet thought to
be in danger, nor will they be unless a fall
of thick ashes occur, which is not consid
ered probable.
Masses are being said in all the churches
of the locality to ward off the impending
danger. Coming soon after the late de
structive volcanic activities in many parts
of the republic the eruption of Orizaba has
many terrors, not only to the people In its
vicinity, but to all living in the great vol
canic belt of Mexico, stretching from the
active volcano of Colima on the west coast
(an unusual eruption), clear to the Gulf of
Mexico on the east. Within this belt are
numbered dozens of old craters, cither in
repose or smoking constantly. It is natural
to suppose that should the eruptions con
tinue the other volcanoes will be affected
and a general earthquake period set in.
The consequence of such a catastrohpe are
hard to tell, but could hardly be anything
less than very disastrous to Puebla, Mexico
City and the hundreds of other towns in
the heart of Mexico.
The German Chamberlain Reinstated
After an Investigation.
Berlin, March 10.— The Boersen Courier
states that the ministry tribunal had ac
quitted Count yon Kobe of the charges
against him in connection with the recent
court scandal.
Yon Kobe was the Royal Chamberlain
at the time the unsavory scandal, in which
he was a principal figure, was causing
widespread comment. His arrest in June
last was the result of four years of police
injunction. During that period members
of the highest German aristocracy were in
the receipt of anonymous letters and postal
cards making the most indecent personal
accusations against the persons addressed
or against their friends. The accused's in
nocence was finally established and he
was set free and restored to his position at
The real authorship of the letters, etc.,
is still a mystery, though Yon Kobe s wife
claims to have knowledge of the writer.
Countess Forced to Steal.
The case of a ruined noble family was
made public this week. Count Stozzi
hazarded the whole of his fortune in big
land building speculations in Rome a few
weeks ago, and for two or three short
weeks was seemingly an assured winner of
millions. But a crash came while his
operations were still open, and he went
under, with scores of families as noble, as
ancient and as reckless.
The Count's young daughter was en
gaged to be married at the time, but he*
lover proved as fickle as fortune, and the
ruined family retired to Bologna.
The young Countess, in order to support
her parents, took a place as chamber
maid, and recently, under stress of pov
erty, stole some of her mistress' jewelry,
and, being tried and convicted, was merci
fully sentenced to only twelve days' im
prisonment^ the Judge admitting as ex
tenuating circumstances the sad change in
her family's fortunes.
To-day and To-morrow, March
11 and 12, i will make a
Special Exhibit of French
. Pattern Bonnets and
P. F. Butler,
808 Market Street, Phelan
§a nip DEVICE.
A Candle-stick, '
A 11-Suu Lamp Chimney,
Make the '
Will withstand a hurricane.
Cannot Blow It Out with
Hat or Fan.
For sale by all Wholesale
and Retail Merchants.
. Sample by mall, 25c.
KENNEDY'S Novelty Agency.
Oakland, CaL 7 '

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