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CLOSED WITH RIOTS.
Disgraceful Scenes in the Legislature of Indiana. FIERCE FIGHTS IN ORDER Revolvers Drawn and Many Persons Very Seriously Injured. THEY SHUT OUT ONE VETO. The Little Scheme of Covernor Matthews That Caused the Dis order and Bloodshed. Indianapolis," March 11.— The Legisla ture broke up in a wild riot to-night, in which almost every member participated. Revolvers were drawn and many persons were seriously injured, Adams of Parke County perhaps fatally. For fully twenty minutes the Statehouse was filled with a howling, surging mob. Men who had been friends and sat side by side during the session became deadly ene mies and made every effort to injure each other. Myron King, Governor Matthews' private secretary ,was locked in the elevator and a big burly man guarded the door and refused to allow him to leave. The police finally drove the man away and the secretary was released. When he arrived at the door of the House at 11 :55 he found it locked. He had an important message from the Governor and a great deal de pended upon its delivery to the Speaker of the House before 12 o'clock. He pounded on the door, but was de nied admission. He cried that the door was locked and requested that it be opened, as he had a message from the Governor. His voice was heard by a number of Demo crats who were in the corridors, and they ran to his assistance. An attempt was made to force open the doors, but the crowd of Republicans who were bent upon the Gov ernor's secretary being kept out with his message resisted with all the force they could command. The heavy oak doors were unable to stand the pressure brought to bear upon them and they were forced open. King, who was in front, was forced right into the crowd of Republicans, who were bent on keeping him from reach ing the speaker. With one accord the men began striking at each other, and the sec retary was in great danger of being killed. "Kill him," cried a hundred voices. Women who were in the gallery screamed and one or two of them fainted. In a mo ment everything was confusion, and ■ friends and enemies alike were fighting. j The sole aim of the Democrats was to get j King through the crowd to the Speaker's desk with the Governor's veto and the Republicans were determined to hold him back until 12 o'clock, at which time the House would adjourn sine die. Inch by inch the Democrats gained ground. Many persons were knocked down and trampled under foot. Revolvers were flourished in the air, but as fast as they were drawn the men holding them were knocked down. The heavy chairs were torn loose by the mob and the desks were broken to pieces. Doors leading to other rooms were shattered by persons in the corridors trying to effect an entrance to the chambers. The police were power less to check the mob, which seemed bent on destroying everything in the room. At 11:57 the excitement was intense. Men were fighting in every part of the room and several of them were bleeding from numerous wounds. The Democrats were gradually forcing King toward the Speaker's desk and the Republicans were growing weaker on account of some of them being injured. A few minutes later King, with his clothing torn almost from his body and his back bleeding, was pushed by main strength through the crowd and thrown heavily against the speaker's desk. He held Governor Mat thew's veto in his hands, but it never reached the speaker. Just as King was about to place it in Speaker Adams' hand that official kicked and beat back the crowd and in a voice which could be heard above the horrible din cried : "The House has adjourned— the House has adjourned." This raised a great cry from the crowd, and everybody made a rush toward the Speaker. The veto was torn from King's hand by a man who dashed out of the crowd with it and made good his escape. This practically ended the riot. Sereral small fights occurred, but the police finally succeeded in driving them from the cham ber. No less than two dozen persons were hurt. No arrests were made. The trouble originated over the attempt this morning to supplant Custodian Grif fin, a Democract, with a Republican. The Governor has three days in which to consider all measures. The bill was de livered to the Governor three nights ago. It was his scheme to hold it to the last minute and then the Legislature could not pass it over his veto, as its statute ad journment would take place at 12 o'clock. The Governor's secretary started with the bill within 10 minutes' timo. Adams, who was injured, is the repre sentative of Park County. He was kicked in the pit of the stomach and had to be carried from the House. Long service has proved the superiority of Dr. Price's Baking Powder. It is with out a successful peer. * HE DEFIES MR. MATTHEWS. Lieutenant-Governor Nye of Indiana Beards His Chief. Bills to Prohibit Prize-Fighting Shut Out by a Peculiar Ruling. Indianapolis, Ind., March 11.— Lieute nant-Governor Nye ruled to-day that the Senate could not pass any bills, as it was the last day of the session. Speaker Adams of the House made an opposite ruling', allowing bills to be passed. There was an animated scene in the Lieutenant-Governor's room at noon after the Senate adjourned. Nye was signing bills wb^en Governor Matthews came in. He was visibly excited and said he had three bills before the Senate which ought to be acted upon. One was against prize fighting. "Under your ruling," declared Governor Matthews, "these bills cannot passed. You should not have made such a ruling." "My ruling was according to the consti tution," and the Lieutenant-Governor reached for a book and read the section. "I am willing to waive my rights under ; the constitution," said Governor Matthews. j "Well, lam not. What is the constitu- j tion made for if it is to be disobeyed? Is j it made for the whole people or just for the Governor of Indiana?" said Mr. Nye. "You made a wrong ruling two years ago." "I say I did not," and the Lieutenant- Governor brought his fist on the table be fore him. "I ruled then that a bill under consideration on Saturday night at ad journment was proper to be brought up Monday." "Well, if those bills are lost I will hold you responsible for them." "I don't care a for your bills. They j have been before the Senate for some time. Why were they not brought up and passed before this?" "I don't know." "I don't either. I know I did not inter fere with them and I will not change my j ruling." LOST HER HUSBAXD OX THE ELB. But Mrs. Annie Crool Will Wed His Brother. Chicago, March 11. — marriage license was issued to-day to Otto Crool, who an nounced the name of his prospective bride as Mrs. Annie Crool, and said she was the widow of his brother. The latter is sup posed to have been among the passengers who perished on the Elbe a month ago. Mr. Crool will become the father of three of his nephews and nieces by the marriage. Mrs. Crool keeps a small grocery. She is young-looking and rather comely. H* XOT READY TO GIVE. Mrs. Lease Determined to Hold On to Her Office. Topeka, Kans., March 11. — Mary Eliza beth Lease, the noted Populist orator, has not made up her mind to give up her place on the board of charities to George A. Clark, although he hffd been appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate. She claims her time will not expire until February, 1896, and if her lawyer can find a law to sustain her claim she will make a fight in the courts. COSTUMER WORTH IS DEAD. No More Will the Famous "Man Dressmaker" Rule Over Fashion. Remarkable Career of the Noted Designer of Woman's Wearing Apparel. Paris, March 11.— Worth, the famous "man dressmaker," is dead. The cause of death was congestion of the lungs. Charles Frederick Worth, costumer, was born at Bourn in Lincolnshire, England. He went to Paris in 1846, and presently started an establishment for the making of fashionable costumes. He achieved great success as the de signer of fashions, and his establishment in the Rue de la Paix was regarded as the first emporium for the latest Paris fashion. He employed not fewer than 1000 workmen, four-sevenths of them inside and the rest outside. M. Worth was himself the de signer of the new styles which emanated from his establishment. Just how his death will affect the fash- ! ionable world will be interesting to note, I for M. Worth changed the fashions of. the feminine world as he pleased. His prices i were not higher than those of many deal- j ers in America, but he left a large fortune. ' He had for his patrons all the great ac tresses and prominent society leaders, as ' well as the dames of many royal families. DEATH OF CJBSARE CAXTU. Career of the Xoted Italian Historian and Author. Milan, March 11.— Csesare Cantu, his torian, is dead, aged 87. Cjesare Canto, the Italian author, was born December 8, 1807, at Brivio, in the Milanese territory, and was destined for the priesthood, but early adopted litera ture as a profession. He was imprisoned in 1833 for the offense of expressing liberal tendencies in an historical work on Lom bardy, and he spent his leisure hours in describing the sorrows of a prisoner in the form of an historical romance, "Mar gherita Pnsterla" (1838), which is only less popular than Manzoni's "I Promessi Sposi." His magnum opus, the "Storia Universale" (35 vols. 1836-12) has been succeeded by a multitude of works on Italian history and literature, as well as works of a lighter character. SEXTEXCEB TO DEATH. Fate of the Turkish Soldier Who Ran Amuck in the Streets. Constantinople, March 11.— Mustapha, the Turkish soldier who while intoxicated recently ran amuck through the streets of this city, killing Mr. Stupee, an American director of the Metropolitan Railroad of this city, and also killing a Turkish official as well as wounding ten other persons.was to-day sentenced to death. The widow of Mr. Stupee was recently granted a life pension by the Turkish Gov ernment. VICTO R V FOR IKS URGEXTS. Peruvian Troops Defeated With a Heavy Loss. Buenos Ayp.es, March 11.— Advices from Lima are to the effect that an engagement has been fought at Cabanillas, Peru, be tween Government troops and the insur gents. The Government forces were defeated with a loss of 300 killed. Tlie Grand Duchess a Mother. . Coburg, March 11.— The Grand Duchess of Hesse, formerly Princess Victoria Melita of Saxc-Coburg-Gotha, daughter of the Duke of Edinburgh, has been safely ac couched of a daughter. The Princess was married to Grand Duke Ernest of Hesse at Coburg in April last in the presence of Queen Victoria, Emperor William of Ger many and other distinguished people. You never need use more than half as much of Dr. Price's Baking Powder as of any other. A single trial will prove this. Peace Prevails in Hayti. New York, March 11.— The steamer Al vin has just arrived from Haytian ports. She brings news that all was peaceful at the time of leaving the capital. In rela tion to the reported rupture between United States Minister Smith and H. R. Hereaux of San Domingo, a passenger stated the report had no foundation in fact. Death of Dr. Greeves. London, March 12.— Dr. Greeves, a well-known "Wesleyan clergyman, is dead. James Temple Is Dead. Chicago, March James Temple, the veteran abolitionist, died last night, aged 70. Admiral Beechey Dead. ; London, March 12.—Admiral Beechey is dead. ".=''•'-'■ THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, TUESDAY, MARCH 12, 1895. CAUGHT IN A SHAFT. Men Imprisoned in the Burning Sultan Gold Mine. ALL THE AIR SHUT OFF. i Many of the Unfortunates Finally Drawn Out Un conscious. DARING ATTEMPTS AT RESCUE. Several of Those Taken From the Pit In a Very Critical Con dition. Minneapolis, March 11.— A special to the j Tribune from Winnipeg, Man., says: The ; shafthouse at the famous Sultan gold : mine, fourteen miles from Rat Portage, ; caught fire early this afternoon and before i the flames were discovered they completely enveloped the building. This, of course, j shut off the air supply to the mine, in I which were working from twenty to thirty l five miners. A messenger who arrived at | Rat Portage from the mine at 8 o'clock i to-day says when he left at 4 o'clock ■ only four men had been brought up. j A number of doctors were working? | over these in the hope of resuscitating them, but with small chances of success. j The other men in the mine were certainly ; suffocated, and practically given up for ; lost. The shaft machinery being destroyed i hindered the work of rescue. The families of the men live at Rat Portage, and there is great excitement as their only communication with the mine is a circuitous and somewhat dangerous wagon trail. Further particulars are ex pected to-night. A later dispatch from Rat Portage says : . The fire is supposed to have been started j by a pipe in the pocket of a coat hanging !on the wall. Foreman Johnson, noticing ■ the fire, called on the men to assist in put i ting it out, but all ran away, being afraid |of explosions. Johnson rushed into the 1 fiery room, removed two boxes of powder ) and then directed his attention to an at i tempt to save the building. There was no lire protection and a bucket brigade was j organized, but it was of no avail, as the | shafthouse was completely consumed. The | fire started at 1 o'clock and until 1:30 no I effort could possibly be made to assist the men in the shaft. As soon as the ruins were sufficiently j cooled, it was found that the timbers lin ' ing the shaft were blazing, and water was : then directed on these timbers, but in the ; excitement the greater portion was falling useless down the shaft. Shortly after 2 o'clock the fire was ex tinguished in the shaft and the men de scended and found six men on the first level, apparently all suffocated. On the lower level they found three more and these men were in , better condition than the others. Efforts were begun to raise them. The first raised was revived after a short time. The fourth man, John Lagier, died shortly after he reached the surface. The others were in a critical condition when brought to the sur face, but all recovered except Dolph Eric son. The rescued are: Alexander Neilson, Randolph Ericson, J. Ericson, P. Strand, W. Prinne, Charles Edlestrom, C. C. Peter son and Charles Coon. Prinne was badly burned. It seems the air-shaft ignited and caused suction of the air from the bottom of the shaft, depriving the men of fresh air and also causing smoke to descend the shaft, and when found all were unconscious and leaning against the side of the shaft. AN INTERVIEW WITH LEO. Interest Taken by the Pope in the Affairs of America. The Reasons for Sending a Dele-, gate Here All Set Forth in Detail. Albany, N. V., March 11.— In a letter written by General George S. Batchellor, formerly Minister to Portugal, are the details of a noteworthy interview with the Pope. The Pope expressed regret that certain' newspapers and public men of America objected to his sending a dele gate to Washington or sending out an encyclical as tending to meddle with the affairs of a foreign government. "This is an error," said the Pope. "I do not seek to meddle with governments ex cept to admonish my people to obey civil law and conform to the authority of the land in which they dwell. I sent a legate to America in order that I might be better informed as to the character of American institutions and the peculiarities of na tional and State governments, and above all to reconcile any conflict, if there should be any, between the government of my church and the government of the land." General JBatchellor writes: "His Holi ness had no criticism to make on our school system. He said: 'lam informed that a liberal party controlling the State of New York chose one of our priests as a Regent of the University, and I am told that the two Senators of that great State represent two creeds— Protestant and one Catholic. How, then, can I complain of the institutions of America? The more I study them the more they please me. I have admonished all my people in America to refrain from strikes, never to resort to violence to redress a grievance, but appeal to the law and the constitution.' " The top notch of success in baking pow ders is filled by Dr. Price's. Highest in every requisite of an efficient leavening agent. NOT TO BE REINSTATED. An Important Ruling Relating to a Striking Fireman. Omaha, March 11.— W. D. Cornish, spe cial master in chancery of the Union Pacific, has decided that Frank Hewett, the Laramie fireman, is not entitled to reinstatement as an employe of the Union Pacific. The case has been watched with a great deal of interest by every employe of the Union Pacific and the decision "has been anxiously awaited. He was a fireman on the Union Pacific fast • mail running be tween Laramie and Rawlins. June 25, 1894, Hewett reported to the company's physician at Laramie that he was ill and asked for a ' layoff. The absence was granted him. July 9 the A. R. U. called out its members in Laramie and Hewett was called to go to work and refused to do so, claiming that his illness prevented him from so doing. The master says in his report that Hewett took active part in the meetings of the strikers and made several speeches, stating that the men should stay out. The master said in his report that the cause of his discharge was his participating in the strike. His attor neys filed an exception to this decision, but the master overruled it. GETS THE BIG PURSE. One More Victory Gained by the Speedy Yacht Britannia. Men-tone, France, March 11. Many peo ple came to-day from Cannes, Nice and other places in the expectation of seeing a race between the Ailsa and Britannia. The Aiisa did not appear. She may have to go to Marseilles for repairs. The race to-day was for a prize of 1000 franc%, offered by the President of France. The course was twenty miles. The Britannia, Corsair and Valkyrie I entered. The Britannia) won the race for yachts in her class, and the Dakotah for the smaller yachts. The Prince of Wales was not present at the racing to-day. The greatest interest was manifested in the little American-built Dakotah as she emerged from the harbor with her mainsails reefed, carrying no top sails, steered by her owner, Henry Allen, who was clothed from head to foot in oil skin. The Dakotah was no sooner outside the harbor than she plunged her bow into the big waves, which immediately swept her deck fore and aft. The Dakotah's com petitors to-day were Rolla II and Bebelle. as under the measurement of the yacht club of France, which were enforced for the first time to-day, the American yacht is rated at eleven tons. The Britannia in her class won easily. The time of the big yachts at the finish was: Britannia 1:14:50, Valkyrie 1:49:20. The Britannia consequently won by 21 mm. 20 sec. actual time. . The Dakotah started at 11:25 a. m., and the times at the finish were: Dakotah 1:18:20. Bebele 1:23:28, Rolla 1:25:22. j But the Dakotah, her time allow- I ance, won by a trifle over ten minutes. FOUGHT WITH A PANTHER. Terrible Experience of Two Young Hunters in Florida. They Were Skinning a Slain Cub When Its Mother Assailed Them. Juno, Fla., March 11.— William Curry and John Crawford, young men who have been spending the winter here hunting, were attacked by a panther yesterday evening. Curry received wounds which are thought to be fatal, while Crawford will lose an eye. The young men were out hunting and their dog treed a young pan ther which they shot, and not suspecting the presence of the mother panther the young men laid down their guns and be gan at skinning the animal. They had hardly begun work when the mother panther, which was crouching on the limb of a tree overhead, sprang upon them. The hunters were crushed to the ground and for a few moments were at the enraged beast's mercy. The animal plant ed its claws in the left side of Curry's face and tore it open. The unfortunate man rolled over, only to receive another blow from the razor-like claws. In the meanwhile Crawford tried to rise, but the panther struck him in the right eye, almost tearing it from the sockett Crawford, although in agony and half blinded, began to strike the beast with his hunting knife. He dealt it blow after blow, the fight taking place over Curry's body. Finally, the knife found the panther's heart and it dropped dead on the uncon scious Curry. Crawford was so exhausted that he could not go for. assistance, and the mangled men lay there till nightfall, when they were rescued by another party of hunters and brought to this place. Curry was found to be frightfully wounded, and the physicians say that the stroke which the panther dealt across the abdomen will likely prove fatal. Craw ford's principal injury is the right eye, which will have to be removed. Curry came here from Illinois and Crawford is from Pennsylvania. The panther is the largest ever killed on Lake Worth. CRAIG QUICKLY PUT OUT. One Blow on the Jaw Wins the Fight for Slavin. London, March 11.— thousand peo ple assembled to-night at Central Hall, Holborn, to witness the boxing match for a purse of $5000 between Frank P. Slavin, the Australian heavy-weight, and Frank. Craig, the "Harlem Coffee Cooler." The betting at the start was 5 to 4 on Craig. After the usual preliminaries the men came from their corners and sparred very cautiously for an opening. Slavin was the first to lead off with a light blow on Craig's head. This led to a rally, in which Slavin got in a couple of heavy punches on his op ponent's ribs. On breaking away Craig failed to land a blow aimed at Slavin's jaw and tried it again without success, but re ceiving on his own jaw a tremendous back handed blow from Slavin's right, which floored him like a log. The attendants tried hard to revive Craig, but upon the expiration of ten seconds he was still lying helpless. Slavin was de clared the winner amid a scene of intense excitement. The fight lasted less than two minutes. Delicate and delicious are all food products into which Dr. Price's Baking Powder enters. The best leavening agent in the world. MINISTER BARRIOS ARRIVES. On His Way to England as an Envoy From Nicaragua. New York, March 11.— Amonc the pas sengers who arrived on the Canard steamer Umbria this morning was General Barrios, the special envoy sent to Great Britain from Nicaragua to adjust the differences between the two countries. Minister Bar rios told a reporter that the troubles in Bluefields bad nothing whatever to do with his visit. He had heard of no recent trouble in Bluefields. Minister Barrios said he would probably return to England in a few weeks. -p Ballot Stuff Sentenced. New York, March John Downs, George King and Charles A. Otis, charged with conspiring to violate the election registration laws, was' found guilty by a jury to-day and sentenced to one year each in Slate prison. George E. Young and Edward Sullivan, who were arrested in the same case, were acquitted. Profanity and Pain Too often go together. Refrain from swearing if you are suffering the tortures of rheumatism, and seek the aid of Hosteller's Stomach Bitters, which wiU expel the tneumatic virtis from your blood. Kidney and malarial complaints, dyspepsia, con stipation, neuralgia and biliousness are all relieved by this sterling and comprehensive family medi cine, which should be kept always on hand for emergencies. ON THE INCOME TAX. Arguments Before the Highest Court of the Land. UNCLE SAM'S SIDE HEARD. Assistant Attorney - General Whitney Says the Levy Is Uniform. EDMUNDS THROWS HOT SHOT. Tells How the Blunders of Congress May Lead Up to Fearful Revolution. Washington, March 11. — Assistant At torney-General Whitney resumed his argu ment in sustaining the income tax law be fore the Supreme Court to-day. Attorney- General Olney, ex-Senator Edmunds and many other distinguished counsel in the case occupied seats at the desk reserved for attorneys. The courtroom was crowded. Mr. McMillin, Mr. Springer and several other members of Congress who had taken part in the enactment of the income tax were among those present. Mr. Whitney addressed himself to the question of uni formity in taxation, in answer to the charges that the income tax violated the., principle of uniformity. He contended that the limit of $4000 fixed by the law was not class legislation. If a subsequent Congress had sought to amend the law by including that those not previously exempted by the $4000 limit, this amendment would no doubt be class legislation, as it would apply to a distinct class. ■ Mr. Whitney reviewed prior de cisions in insurance and other cases, show ing that the interpretation of this court on class legislation would not apply to the income tax. Concerning the exemptions allowed to certain corporations the Assistant Attor ney-General said it was most surprising that this was set up as a ground for in validating the tax. He read from numer ous Federal tax laws showing repeated exemptions in the cases of art societies and many other corporations. The court had sustained tax emption to manufac turing corporations in the District of Co lumbia. Building and loan associations and savings companies were frequently exempted by law, as they we're made up of poor people, to whom the law gave special consideration. During the war the law makers even exempted the mutual insur ance companies from the operations of the general tax law. Mr. Whitney said that the Supreme Court had already overruled the contention that the taxation of land values and rentals, as made by the income tax was in valid. The State taxes were against the land and not against the individual, but the income tax was not against the land but merely against the total income of the individual. As this income came in part from land it was merely an incident. The income tax is in no sense a land tax. It is not on the gross income from land and other sources, but on net income. Whitney took up the claim that the Fed eral Government cannot tax municipal and local securities held by individuals, as for instance, bonds issued by New York City. He said it had been decided in the case of Bonaparte against the State of Maryland that a State could tax bonds of the city or State of New York. If the State could exercise this power, why could not the Federal Government do the same? Whitney concluded at 1:39 p. M. and was followed by Edmunds, counsel against the tax. He spoke quietly and in a conversa tional tone, much as he did when a lead ing figure of the Senate. He stated the contention of his client against the inva sion of his rights and an inspection of his private books and papers. If there was a constitutional provision protecting the in dividual it was the rock upon which the contention against this tax was based. Edmunds read from the constitution as to the protection of private rights. These provisions, he said, were trite, and yet it seemed necessary in these days with such legislation before us to recall these consti tutional bulwarks against an invasion of private rights. In a question of this gravity he would feel disposed to ask the court not only to pursue precedents and follow them in this matter, but to go back and rule upon the entire subject, so vital to sustaining private rights. The worst tyranny of history was that which came in the guise of a relief. He first spoke, of the action of Congress in en deavoring to take away from the courts the right to appeal for protection as was the case in the income tax law. He did not think the time had come when there should be no longer an appeal to the courts from the acts of Congress. It was beyond the function of Congress to pass an act that would strip the courts of their rights, and this was just as true as to the rights of the citizen as to those of the courts. Speaking of the income tax law he re ferred to the provision that the taxpayer was required to make his returns to Dep uty Collectors. He said that the deputy was not recognized as a legitimate officer under the constitution. "I do not, how ever," he said, "mean to dwell on that, but merely refer to it in passing as one of the points of the vice which bloomed in the gar den of the last Congress." He criticized many other features of the law providing for the collection of the taxes, pointing out that it left no room for resort or appeal to the courts, but left to the revenue officers the adjustment, who, he said, were not only the final judges but the inquisitors as well. "It is true," he said, "that these returns are to be regarded as confidential, but how are we to know they will always be treated so? It is not possible to know how they may be treated. Is it not possible they may be handled, for instance, like the con fidences of the United States Senate?" Mr. Edmunds then reviewed the case heretofore decided, which has been re ferred to in the previous argument, and discussed the points involved at length. He was referring to the Hilton case, in volving the tax on carriages, when Chief Justice Fuller called his attention to the fact that Mr. Hilton had an unusual num ber of carriages, 125 as he remembered. "Unusual in numbers, yes," Mr. Ed munds asserted, "but he possessed them as many persons possess virtue and grace." He asfted the court to overrule its former decision in the income tax as given in the Springer case. "Let us," he said, "come back to the true rule of the constitution, We are to expect gradual and indefinite similar departures from the line marked out by the constitution, and we may de part further and further from it until at last, like the mariner after a storm, or the traveler in the wilderness after the stars again come out, we are compelled to read just our course in the new light that is given." He argued that the past Congress had overstepped the limits of the constitution in imposing this tax because, he said, it was short of money. He argued that under the law 95 per cent of the tax would be paid by 2 per cent of the taxable voters. "It becomes," said Mr. Edmunds, "an interesting subject of speculation as to how long the Government can last under a system which allows those who pay nothing to tax their fellow-citizens. One evil step will lead to another until by and by we will have revolution, then anarchy, then a tyrant to rule us as the revolving changes go around." Justice Harlan asked Mr. Edmunds if he had formulated a definition of the dif ference between a direct and indirect tax, and he replied he had. He tnereupon pro ceeded. to give it, saying a direct tax was a tax on any kind of property and upon per sons, not in respect of property in exist ence, acquired or to be acquired ; not on a calling, on the importation of goods, but in respect to the things which belong to the existence of property, while an indirect tax included all the rest, as referred to in the constitution under the head of duties, imports and excises, which would be heavy or light on each person depending upon his will. "Do you not," asked Justice Brown, "re gard a tax that is paid by a person as a direct tax?" and Mr. Edmunds assented. Asked by Justice Shiras to give a defini tion of excise he quoted Jacobs and John son, where the latter says it is a "hateful tax" collected by "wretches." Justice Harlan suggested that the defini tion would fit his (Mr. Edmunds') idea of the income tax. to which Mr. Edmunds re plied that it did in part. Mr. Edmunds closed with a plea for equality in taxation. He declared it to be the mission of the Supreme Court, the tribunal of last resort, to correct such mis takes, and made a last appeal for a return to the principles of equality and uniform justice, even if in doing so it became neces sary for it to reverse a former decision. i Mr. Edmunds closed at 3:30 o'clock and the court adjourned until to-morrow, as Attorney-General Olney, who is to speak next, stated that the hour left was not suf ficient for him. Mr. Olney said in reply to a question from the court that he should not require more than an hour more of the time, while Mr. Carter, who is to follow, said he should, desire to speak for about two hours, and Mr. Choate, who is to close, said he would probably ask for more time than two hours. It is probable, therefore, that the argument will consume all the day to-morrow and a large part of Wednes day. RECEIPTS FROM THE TAX. They Will ' Be Heavier Than at First Estimated. Washington, March 11.— Although the question of the constitutionality of the income tax seems to be still somewhat in doubt, returns are being made faster than officials of the Internal Revenue Bureau expected. Although the law requires pay ments to begin July 1, collectors report a number already received, amounting in all to about $14,000. The fact that the law is still before the courts is believed by the treasury officials to have prevented the payment of a larger amount, and if the doubt is removed it is thought the tax will come in fast and regularly between now and July, when the actual work of pay ments begin. The joint resolution of the last Congress extended the time for making returns until April 15, but collectors have already been notified to make their reports as fast as possible. It is said at the bureau that a careful estimate of the number of persons and corporations affected by the income tax approximates it at 450,000. This num ber will make returns, but perhaps not more than two-thirds will be taxed, as many of those required to make returns have incomes less than $4000, and will therefore not be liable to the tax. It is im possible so far to make an intelligent esti mate of the amount of revenue that will be turned into the treasury from the income tax until all the returns are in, and no at tempt will be made to calculate probable receipts from this source. When the first estimates were made it was believed the number of persons and corporations which would be liable to pay tax would be about 34,000. The preliminary returns, however. it is believed, will show that the number will be nearer 300,000, and that the amount of revenue received will be far in excess of the $30,000,000 which Congress originally estimated would be received from this source. ml Upon the pinnacle of popularity is Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder. It has never been rivaled. DECISIONS AS TO DUTIES. Two Important Cases Decided in the Federal Supreme Court. Questions Involving Proper Classification of Goods by the Collectors. Washington, March 11.— In the United States Supreme Court to-day two decisions were rendered in cases involving the ques tion of the collection of duties. In the first of these, that of Beautell vs. Magone, the Collector of the port of New York, the question involved was that of the confisca tion of rugs woven on looms not fit for weaving carpets, but which had been as sessed as Wilton carpet because the surface was cut so as to give it the appearance of plush. The case was appealed from the Circuit Court for the Southern district of New York, which has sustained the classi fication of the Collector, butjthe Supreme Court reversed the decision. The other tariff case was that of Cooper, Collector, vs. John and James Dobson, in volving the classification of certain goat hair, which the Circuit Court for the East ern District of Pennsylvania had held to be free of duty, contrary to the decision of the Collector. The decision in this case was set aside and a new trial ordered. . Justice Gray delivered an opinion in the case of Catherine Coldey, appealed from the decision in the Circuit Caurt for the Eastern District of New York. This was a case in which Mrs. Coldey asked damages in the sum of $100,000 for alleged libel. The judgment was affirmed. The court announced that the interstate commerce cases, one of which in volves the long and short haul, and an other of which is known as the "social circle" case, had been restored to the docket for reargument at the next term. The court also announced a recess until Mon day, the 25th in st., after disposing of the cases now on hearing. Condition of the Treasury. Washington, March 11.— To-day's state ment of the condition of the- treasury shows: Available cash balance, $184,184,111; gold reserve, $90,903,658. TO FIGHT POPULISTS. Democratic Statesmen Are Hurrying Back to the South. MANY ARE VERY UNEASY. Frightened by the Prospect of a Fusion With Re publicans. FREE SILVER AND POLITICS. It Would Seem That There Is to Be Opposition to the New Party. Washington, March 11. — Democratio members from the South are going back to their respective States to begin at once « fight against the Populists. In Alabama Virginia and some of the other States th 6 prospects of fusion between the Populists and Republicans in the campaign of 189G ia causing considerable uneasiness, and im mediate efforts to counteract the effect of Populist influence will be made. There is a decided difference of opinion between Southern silver men and those of the West. While the latter are determined to make silver the chief issue in the next campaign, the former are conservative and still cling to the idea of bimetallism and the use of both gold and silver as a basis of national currency. There are a few Southern men who are willing to follow or indorse the stand taken by Messrs. Bland and Bryan. They regard the talk of the free-silver party as absolute nonsense, and have no hesitancy in declaring that its formation would de feat the" purpose for which it had been organized. Even Representative Bailey of Texas, who has been classed with the rabid free coinage men and the third-party advo cates, disclaims any sympathy or connec tion with the movement. "I think," said Mr. Bailey, "that in some respects we have abandonded the princi ples of the party and that an effort should be made to insure the carrying out of our platform promises." "But," he continued, "this must be done by the next national convention and can not be accomplished by wandering further from, the straight path in order to gain some advantage for silver. The fight for silver, so far as Democrats are concerned, will be made within party lines." None of the members selected by the House and Senate to represent this coun try in the proposed monetary conference anticipate that anything will be done for several months, and possibly not before next year. Ex-Speaker Crisp lias no idea when the conference will be called, and is giving the matter very little attention. Senators Jones and Teller will leave for the West this week and do not expect to return for several months. The silver men do not believe that a satisfactory agree ment can be reached by the conference, and they are therefore but little interested. Mexican Mustang Liniment. goes to the * very citadel of pain and puts all aches to flight. • Opening- to-day, Tuesday, March 12, I WILL make A SPECIAL EXHI- • BIT of French Pattern Bonnets and hats AND LATEST NOVELTIES IN MILLINERY. P F, Butler, ' 808 Market Street, Phelan Building. MJlffi,,flV , 'S"*^H| I suffered from catarrh $3^4s?4M BAIVVjf of the worst kind ever ffls^fy&!i[s a s| since a boy, and I never ST.. <i *?3L.«i'fcto* hoped for cure, but Ely's &WfFEVE R fof £Jg Cream Balm seems to do fib*. <iMiHB even that. Many ac- BjL^X^ jESk quaintances have used it §2g|R| u 'ith excellent results. Os- i^r*rcv^!^ car Ostrum, 4* Warren KSP^O-^^^a aye., Chicago, 111 CATARRH ELY'S CREAM BALM Opens and cleanses the Nasal Passages, Allays I'ain and Inflammation, Heals the Sores, Protects the Membrane from colds, Restores the Senses of Taste and Smell. The Balm is quickly absorbed and gives relief at once. J A particle is applied Into each nostril and Is agreeable. Price 50 cents at Druggists or by mail. ! ELY BROTHERS, 56 Warren street, New York. TAMAR A IM Kio e z^e h . ,ne *• I n 111 nil very agreeable to take. CONSTIPATION _^__ _ _ __ hemorrhoids, bile, lUll I C II loss of appetite, gastric and In BJ I£ la intestinal troubles and ■■■*»■■ tea " headache arising from them. GBILLOW w 'gffig!g§S^ Weak Men and Women SHOULD USE DAMIANA BITTERS, THE great Mexican Remedy; gives . Health and Strength to the Sexual Organs. Wilts Indian YefetaMe Pills Are acknowledged by thousands of persons wha have used them ,or over forty years to cure SICK HEADACHE. GIDDINESS, CONSTIPA- TION, Torpid Liver, Weak Stomach, PuaplesTand purify the blood. «**j«e»t ana Crossman's SBeciflc Mixture With this remedy persons can cure themselves without the least exposure, change of diet or change in application to business. The medicine contains nothing that is of the least injury to the constitution. Ask your druggist xoi it. Price 91 a 3