CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
DAILY CALL— IO per year by mail; by carrier, lCc
"SUNDAY CALL-11.50 per year.
WEEKLY CALL— «I.SO per year.
The Eastern office of the SAN FRANCISCO
CALL (Daily and Weekly), Pacific States Adver
tising Bureau, Rhinelander building, Hose and
Dunne streets, New York.
MONDAY '.....APRIL 1, 1895
After the rest, work. y y;
Talk straight business to-day. »
Start the week with your best foot fore
Bond the property of the city and set its
Bismarck has used a sword in writing
o the history of Germany.
Talbot Clifton's coach assures the build
ing of the San Jose boulevard.
About as fast as enterprises take shape
in these days, they get a move on. •
Pioneers of enterprise are worthy suc
cessors of the pioneers of the State.
The residents of Hayes City, Kans., have
to burn down their city to keep warm.
Every new industry in a community adds
! to the value of all the other industries.
Whenever you go shopping this week
keep your eye open for California products.
Make *no purchases until you have read
the Call' and know where the bargains are.
# Don't forget that this is a good week to
subscribe to the stock of the San Joaquin
road, y ■ °y --yy
It seems queer that; so many stage rob
beries are. committed in the neighborhood
of Angels; * '■• -> ',
I The Silurian „ who builds him a ship of
cobblestones can have a glorious sail up
While big enterprises are engaging pub
| lie attention, a whole lot of little ones are
coming to the front. • =
Perpetual motion is not so badly needed
cas a. perpetual injunction on foolish at
tempts, to discover it.
The" first pledge to ship over the valley
o road comes from Modesto, and .it is a
% Dedley blow at monopoly.
The:. sum of $250 is a good deal to the
average man. but some of our whole-souled
musicians think it ought to go for a song.
Silurians ride over cobblestones simply
because they are not furnished with a nice,
0 soft rail with a fine edge on the upper side.
It needed the decision of the valley road
directors to run the line by way of Stock
top, to determine San Jose to have a road,
too. . : r ; v '°;
The man wno owns property in San
Francisco ana does not favor public, im
provements has a very poor head for busi
It is better to be in the rear rank of a
*, procession marching forward than to have
a front seat in a crowd that isn't going any
Every proposition made to shippers to
keep them from pledging their support to
the valley road should be subjected to a
close examination as to its paws.
While Nebraska was having the heaviest
snowstorm of the season yesterday San
Francisco was bathing her soul in summer
sunshine and twining roses in her hair.
The young men who are going about
with smashed noses and black eyes have a
.large, easy, debonair way of explaining
that they took a header from a bicycle. •
The. farmer who pledges himself to ship
by any road other than the people's might
profitably inquire whether those who re
quested such a pledge have been conspicu
ous for keeping pledges.
The Nineteenth Ward in Chicago ex
pects to see the dust fly and the garbage go
this year, for an old maid has applied for
the contract for street-sweeping, and the
general belief is that she means business.
Because he told the New Yorkers that
San Francisco is bound to be the largest
City in America, the Nawab Imad Nawaz
Jung Bahadur of India deserves a bigger
name as a prophet than he has as a Prince.
That every stride in civilization brings
out some new order of crime has been
proved at San Jose, where a small-minded
knave took the wind out of a bicyclist's
conceit by puncturing the tire of his ma
chine. ■ y
If the Supervisors intend to get the best
bituminous rock at the cheapest price for
street paving, they must leave the way
• oiX'i for free competition and not put a
joker into the specifications that will prac
tically exclude it.
The Ventura Advocate complains of what
it calls "government by boodlers and by
injunction"; and rightly so, for unfortu
nately there is no way of putting the in
junction on boodlers and establishing a
balance of power. , . - -
Commenting on the efforts^ to make San
Francisco a musical center/the Hanford
Sentinel says : "They have got lots of fog
horns there, surely"; thus leading the
world to believe that our success in music
is a foghorn conclusion.
The frightful snowstorm that is raging
in Colorado reminds us that people who
commit the sin of living in Colorado while
there remains room in California for every
one of them may discover, after they have
frozen to death, that there is such a thing
° as too hot a climate.
The most interesting feature of the
train, robbery , near Wheatland Saturday
. morning . was ■ that the robbers were bi
cyclists. •. The fact that the bicycle is not
only straining to drive the locomotive from
the field by competition, but has actually
. taken to making it stand arid deliver, is
an eloquent , evidence of the march of
progress. ' '- "• y :
- The boom for William C. Whitney as
Democratic candidate for ' President in
1896 is assuming large proportions in the
extreme East - and some of his 1 supporters
have launched the absurd : : prediction 'that
he can carry not only New York, but Cali
fornia, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin 7 and
perhaps Michigan. ■ It will be .: noted ' from
this that old Democracy is getting fresh
\fith the springtime and turning green.
AN INGENIOUS PLAN.
According to the reports from Bakers
field, published in yesterday's - Call, the
Southern Pacific Company is employingan
exceedingly ingenious plan for checking
the .desire of the farmers thereabout to
pledge their freight to the San Joaquin
Valley road. It is this : The Southern
Pacific claims that its grant entitles it to a
"right-of-way of one hundred feet on each
side of its "track. It fenced and used only
fifty feet on each side, and the remainder
has been occupied by the contiguous farm
ers for many years. Their occupation and
use of this strip have never been questioned,
and the county authorities have established
roads over it without opposition. '*".';.'"""'
The Southern Pacific, according to the
report, has recently announced to the
farmers its intention to move * its fences
back so as to include the whole width
which it claims, but as an alternative pro
poses that if the farmers will sign con
tract to ship all their produce over its line
they may have the strip at a nominal
The validity of the Southern Pacific
Company's claim to this strip will be in
quired into in good season. Assuming for
the present that the grant does call for a
strip two hundred feet wide, and tempo
rarily waiving such legal considerations as
are involved in undisturbed adverse posses
sion for a number of years— waiving every
thing except the bold assumption that the
company can take possession of this land —
let us consider the position of the farmer to
whom this threat has been made. It would
be idle to blame the Southern Pacific for
trying by all means in its power to hold
the traffic of the San Joaquin Valley, but it
is. very encouraging to observe that it
regards the people's road as a formidable
prospective rival; and as it is fully aware
of the bitter animosity which the people in
Tulare and Kern counties cherish toward
it, it naturally assumes that the people's
road will receive the generous support and
sympathy of the people.
This alone ought to be a sufficient indi
cation to the farmers who have been
threatened that their support of the peo
ple's road would be a serious matter for
the Southern Pacific, and that whatever
they do in aid of the Southern Pacific will
be an injury to the people's road. It is not
difficult to imagine that we shall hear of
many other plans of the Southern Pacific
for hindering the prosperity of the rival
line. One of the plainest things in the
world is that the benefits which the new
road will bring to the people will at first be
at the expense of the Southern Pacific,
and it is more than likely that the in
creased prosperity and settlement of the
San Joaquin Valley that will in time result
from the building 'ot the new line will be
of great benefit to the Southern Pacific.
But the interests of the Southern Pacific,
or the fact that it will be either injured or
benefited, has no place in the discussion.
The simple problem with the farmer, if he
is inclined to take a strictly selfish view of
the situation, is whether it is more to his
interest to accept the proposition of the
Southern Pacific than to decline it. In de
clining it he has all the chances of benefit
from the uncertainties involved in the legal
phases of his occupancy, but he has some
thing far better and more tangible. It is
that the people's road is to be built for the
main purpose of reducing charges for
transportation^ Of course the Southern
Pacific may shrewdly offer to make a con
tract binding itself to meet any cut in rates
that the opposition line may make. In
this way it would be holding its traffic and
the farmer would be paying no more than
the rival line would charge. But it is not
likely that the .Southern Pacific would
make any. such written contract, and- if it
should, it would probably be worthless and
easily evaded; As for verbal promises, it
would be "foolish to pay any attention to
That the farmers thus threatened would
be doing better for themselves directly by
refusing to accept the Southern Pacific
Company's offer, and that they would re
ceive an additional benefit indirectly from
the greater prosperity and denser settle
ment of the community, no rational per
son would think of denying. The question
beyond this, which affects a man's indi
vidual pride and his regard for the welfare
of his neighbors and the progress of his
State, need not be discussed.* The Call as
yet is unwilling to believe that any con
siderable number of these threatened farm
ers will be found lacking when their man
hood and patriotism are called upon.
AN IMMEDIATE BESULT.
The first local effect that has been pro
duced by the decision to run the valley
road by the way of Stockton has been to
create a sudden rise in the prices of real
estate in that city. : - ' ."-■"•
Stockton's subscription to the road was
$100,000 in cash for shares and f 100,000' in
land. The subscription for shares was a
business-like investment in valuable secur
ities which undoubtedly will yield a com
fortable profit. The land was a gift, but
this also was an investment in which no
sentimental considerations had a place.
From these business-like investments in
an enterprise in which none of the ele
ments of a speculation appear, and from
which there can be no immediate returns,
the city has already reaped a profit in the
advancement of realty values. AYe are
assured that at the beginning of the agita
tion for the new road a number of negotia
tions for the transfer of real estate were
begun, the determination of which de
pended on the decision of flic railroad
directors, and these are to be closed at
An estimate of the percentage of increase
in values has not yet been made, but it is a
simple matter of arithmetic and can be
determined in a few days. We feel , con
fident in asserting that this increase is
already many times "as large as the amount
of Stockton's subscription, and that it will
continue to increase steadily. In other
words, without taking into account
direct prospective : profit ■ from the invest
ment itself, or that which wrll come here
after in the increase of traffic and from the
prosperity of the country contributory to
Stockton, there is the additional and im
mediate gain in the enhancement of prop
erty values in the city, arid this will *be
followed quickly by an influx of money
from outside investors and by generous ex
penditures in local improvements and en
It need not cause surprise that this ad
vancement in . prices has come so quickly.
It was inevitable, and : it will be the same
with every city, town, village: and settle-"
ment through which the road shall pass.
Every one of these which offers an induce
ment sufficient \to secure the road will re
ceive in the enhanced value of its property
much more than it may expend in secur
ing the road. The matter may be regarded
merely as an investment, and the example
and experience of Stockton may be taken as
the criterion. ' The three forms in which
aid may be extended are by , subscribing
for shares, by giving depot facilities and
the right of way, and by soliciting shippers
to sign the pledge to patronize the people's
It would be wise, however, for the cool
headed men of these , 'cities and -^ towns to
repress any tendency toward \ the develop
ment of a ''boom.','/ There is a safe and
TOE SAI FRANCISCO GALL, 3IONDAY, APRIL 1, 1895.
proper .enhancement of values that comes
legitimate!}* from the many circumstances
attending the valley road enterprise/ This
'will come in spite of Silurians and croak
ers, for it is a natural, wholesome and nec
essary .result. But the danger lies in the
possibility of over-enthusiasm arid the cul
tivation of a recklessly, speculative } spirit.
This ''- should be : kept down by all means."
Some parts of California ] have suffered
grievously from "booms," and , men have
lost tbeir heads in the scramble. We have
learned wisdom from the follies of the past,
but it is better to put our wisdom to active
use than to be content with its possession/
A GIANT'S BIRTHDAY.
It is not difficult for a student of human
nature and of the trend of ideas in these
days to believe that not all' of Germany's
heart is in the celebration of Prince Bis
marck's eightieth birthday, which occurs
to-day. The news : that we receive is of
those spectacular demonstrations,' which
constitute news.- If any bitterness lurks
in the c shadow, it is close-housed and
voiceless, and the news-gatherer's function
ceases at its threshold. ''■;'
Carlisle has shown us the force and value
of hero-worship, and the fact that, in one
sense, Bismarck is one of the greatest
heroes that the world has ! produced, is
alone sufficient to explain why even some
of those who may not like him will toss their
caps in air under the prevalent infection of
For having been the moving spirit in
shaking off Austria's domination and in
the consolidation of the German empire—
the two most important and beneficent
events in the history of the Teutons— and
for having organized and maintained a
military force which has been the most
powerful of the agencies for securing the
stability of Germany and of the whole of
Europe, Bismarck deserves the gratitude
of every German citizen.
At the time when his power began to be :
felt the disciples of Prudhon were spread
ing the doctrines of socialism; which had
invaded Germany from France by way of
Russia, and it was Bismarck who, with the
aid of his royal master, William . I, out
lined the idea of collectivism — the organ
ization of the producing classes into vast
industrial enterprises conducted by the
state. This was a modified socialism— in
reality paternalism it seemed to in
dicate the great statesman's desire in his
younger days for the happiness of the
individual, as well' as the strength and
prosperity* of trie nation.
■ As time passed on and his power, in
creased the idea grew stronger and stronger
with him that instead of the ruling power
being an instrument for securing the hap
piness of the people the : people, were an
instrument to be used in securing the
strength of the crown, and this idea was
given direct expression. -in his recent
speech when he declared . that the security
of the dynasty as the paramount con
sideration. During these years socialism
had taken formidable strides in Germany
and had secured a bold voice in the Reich
stag. Against its encroachments; the. Iron
Chancellor opposed the whole weight of his
character, and as in- its higher and more
intelligent form it embodied not only the
sentiment of political liberty but ; also of
those gentler humane considerations which
lie at the basis of Christianity, his iron
methods of repression struck at the heart
of many things which humanity the world
over regards as sacred. "- ' • 'r
It was doubtless this that estranged him
and the great-souled '. Frederick, whose
heart beat for his people as a brother's as
well as a king's, and who loved kindness
better than the sword. The pettish anger
of the present Emperor, which drove the
giant from the Chancellor's chair, was the
act of a boy jealous of his new and mighty
power. For, immeasurably. different from
his royal father, he is the embodiment of
Bismarck's' idea . of the divine right of
kings, and now that experience and re
flection have taught him. wisdom he. raises
a storm among Bismarck's old enemies by
taking the great statesman again to his
heart. •' . .
There will not be unanimous glorifica
tion in Germany to-day, and whatever de
pression of spirit shall exist will be as
much through dismay that the .young
Emperor has virtually proclaimed- his
acceptance of Bismarck's idea as through
bitter reflection upon the course of Bis
marck himself. The ' crown first, the
people. next; that is now what Germany
must face, and in part that is the mean
ing of the great celebration to-day. .
It is interesting that two great men,
Bismarck and Cavour," born nearly at the
same time and both engaged in the same
grand — Bismarck in the unification
of i the : German States and Cavour in*the
regeneration ..of; Italy— should have pro
ceeded on lines that stretched in so oppo-
site directions. -.'.' Both succeeded — Bismarck
by.the use of blood and* iron and Cavour
by the employment, of those broad, mas
terful and everlasting principles which
govern the minds and morals- of men.
Bismarck was the rapier and Cavour the
star. If an invincible' Government, by
whatever t means invincibility be scoured",
is the best thing for. humanity, Bismarck
will be remembered as the greatest-, states
man in history ; but the memory of Ca
vour will be treasured in the hearts of men.
SAN JOSE IS AT WOEK. :
Instead, of being discouraged over the
selection of the Stockton route for the San
Joaquin Valley road San Jose has been
roused to greater exertions than ever. In
view of the fact that the directors of the
road have not yet determined the route by
which the road shall enter San Francisco
San Jose has excellent ' grounds for hope,
and is redoubling her efforts to offer suffi
cient inducements. *
\ Already \ she 7 has | pledged $153,000 for
shares - and proposes to increase ; this to
$250,000. As Mayor. ; Austin has pointed
out, however, the most important-consid
eration is the right of way. c The holdings
through Sari" Mateo and Santa Clara coun
ties are 7 generally ' small and valuable and
if the people's road lias to bear the expense
of securing a right' of way through them
the) cost _i will be very heavy. ; Hence an
energetic committee was started out from
San Jose yesterday to ascertain what could
be done by the citizens themselves in this
most important • branch of the work. An
opportunity is thus presented to the land
owners to show how much they value their
own prosperity and • that ■ of their splendid
county. ': A similar committee frorri i Sari'
Mateo will probably be put'- into the field
at once. But the work should not be left
entirely to these committees. Every prop-"
erty-owner - has ' : an . opportunity \ to. come
forward voluntarily and offer the strongest
inducement in his r power for the road to
run through his land.
THAT 7 BITUMINOUS BOOK.
... It is to be hoped the controversy in the
Board of , Supervisors in regard to the pur
chase of bituminous rock for street-paving
will be settled at the meeting this evening,
and settled right. .The discussion has been
prolonged and, so far a3 the public can see,
there is no reason why it should continue.'
■;•■'.' The issue . involved in the question is a
simple one. It is conceded that an asphalt
pavement when well laid is about the best
street paving devised up to o this time, ;It
is admitted 1 the people desire that "i kind of
paving. \; It is not'deriied that it is econom
ical, durable and convenient. - It is not
questioned! that the supply is abundant,
near at hand, easy of access, and of a qual
ity whose excellence is riot disputed. '-i All
of these things are .agreed' upon by both
sides..' The only issue between the parties
is whether i the rock is to be purchased un
der conditions that allow free competition
or under restrictions that will allow no
competition at all. Il3fe" -~-
. It is to be presumed the Supervisors de
sire to obtain for the City the best material
at the lowest price. If this presumption is
well founded, a free field should be given
for competition, since all human experi
ence shows that prices are lowest and goods
are best, where the 7 action of competition
is allowed the fullest arid freest play. If,
therefore, the Supervisors do not open a
way for competition in the bid's for supply?
ing this material to the city, it will be evi
dent that either they do not wish to get the
best or they.do not wish the lowest price.
That is the situation in a nutshell. The
people understand it that way, and they
are going to draw a straight and strong
conclusion as to the motives and the rea
sons that may impel any Supervisor to
vote against free competition.
.It will avail nothing to juggle with words
in a plain: case of this kind. The Super
visors can, in advertising for bids, require
the bitumen to be of good quality, suitable
for.the work ; they can have inspectors ap
pointed to examine every bit of it and to
reject all that is not up to the standard;
When this has been done to protect the
City, there should be no. further restric
tions. The introduction into specifica
tions of any conditions that would shutout
all bidders except a single combination,
and prevent the delivery of the material in
the City by any system of transportation
except that o.f a particular railroad, will
not be lightly judged. The day for. jobbery
of that kind has gone by ; and as we have
said before, if any Supervisors have formed
a ring for carrying out such a job, they had
better see that it is composed of brass and
triple steel before they expose it to the
force of public indignation.. "\
D. R. Cameron of Hanford is at the Lick, «■'"'
Charles A. Jones, a lawyer of Reno, is at the
John F. Kidder of Grass Valley is stopping at
the Palace.- y.yy:-*-.yyy'y7 7- -• •;>;•
C. 11. Phillips, a banker of San Luis . Obispo,
is at the Palace. y : ■ ■
A. J. McGilvray, a lumberman of Wisconsin,
is at the Palace. .7 ' . • y .■■■•■
L. L. Gale, a merchant of Healdsburg, is reg
istered at the Boas.
Levi Radeliffe, the State Treasurer, is regis
tered nt the Grand. 7/7'
G. W. Gibson, a landowner of Williams, is
staying at the Russ.
D.J.Flanagan, a lumberman of Eureka, is
domiciled at the Grand; * *
J. D. Colby, a mining man from Trinity, Is
stopping at the California.
P. M. Lbubrie, a prominent merchant of Bor
deaux, is at the California. ;-^ - f-^
J. Gambetta, a merchant of Stockton, regis
tered at the Lick yesterday.
John D. Thomann, a wine man from St.
Helena, is registered at the Grand. . •
A. Towle, the lumberman of Towles, and
Mrs. Towle are stopping at trie ('rand.
A. W. Simpson, a lumberman of Stockton,
registered at the Occidental yesterday.
S. Layar and Charles Rippirdan, mining men
from Madera, put up at the Lick yesterday.
John T. Lane, son of one of the owners of the
Ctica mine, came down from Angels yesterday
and put up at the Palace. . -iy
C. W. Hunt, a lumberman of Fort Bragg, and
H. Whitney of New York, who is interested in
lumber there, are at the Russ. , y 7;i y^y
E. B. Cassatt and Mrs. Cassatt and Gordon
Voorhies and Mrs. Voorhies, who came down
with the polo team from Walla Walla, are reg
istered at the Palace. '7.*
Byron Waters, who was lately appointed
claims adjuster of the Southern Pacific, ar
rived from San Bernardino and registered at
the Occidental yesterday. -" £ -j- '\ :
E. P. Colgan, the Controller, and C. M. Col
gan, the Secretary of the Board of Equaliza
tion, came down from Sacramento yesterday to
join the board on its southern trip. They are
at the Lick. .'.,"- -'"■■ > 7 . 'M-fr.
SPIRIT 'OF THE PRESS.
There is a lesson in one of Santa Clara's
arguments in favor of the railroad route being
laid through that county. That is, the large
number of small fruit farms. San Joaquin
County is increasing the number of Its small
orchards, vineyards j and farms and the large
grain ranch is doomed. To bring the railroad
to Stockton will only hasten the change which
only began a few years ago but is already
marked.— Independent. 7 y '•■*. :* y -y;
Alaska, which is a' Territory of the United
States in name, should be made one in fact.
Its mines and fisheries yield' $16,000,000 a
year, yet it has never had a topographical or
geological ;1 survey,' and 7 land cannot be pur
chased or pre-empted. | The climate in j many
thickly populated States in Europe is more se
vere than in many parts of Alaska.— Yreka
Journal. - ' = 7! ' . 7y-y?
| All' Napa needs- is an introduction. A man
who had decided to change his residence from
'Nevada jto "California "was with his family in
San Francisco Tuesday. He read all about Napa
in the Call arid concluded to see this valley
for himself. --;- He came .up,! liked the .looks of
things, telegraphed for his wife, and will prob
ably buy himself a home here.— Register.
Marriage by contract is a thing of the past in
California, and hereafter the. man and woman
who would enter wedlock must marry in the
face of the , world. Such a law ten years ago
would have done much to check the blackmail
that has swept over the State like a tidal wave.
—Pasadena News. ;
One public -spirited business man with a
capital of $1000 is worth ,more to a commu
nity than a dozen millionaires who are dead to
the demands and opportunities of the times.'—
San Jose Mercury. ; • "
\ Patriotic organizations threaten to become
more ' plentiful than patriotism. — Hanford
Sentinel. ':- __ _ ,: y 7 v ','■■"" •;,'
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Anna Dickinsons's suit for alleged false Im
prisonment in a Pennsylvania asylum in 1889
is again on trial at Soranton. She seeks to re
cover $125,000 damages. \'-'-\ "
. James G. Fair proved his right to be called
the ? great : American will-maker, and seems to
have left ■ his testamentary, instructions scat
tered around ;in .every corner of California.—
Philadelphia Times. / ' 77;
Jules Verne is 78 years old. His first novel
was published when he was 35, and he has been
producing; them at the rate of | nearly two' a
year ever since. Verne is very fond of English
literature, and he thinks Charles Dickens the
greatest of all British novelists.
In an interview on the prospects of the Re
publican fg Presidential : candidates, y Colonel
Robert . G. Ingersoll says' that the nomination
in 1890 will goto an advocate of free silver, and
that no candidate nominated on a single issue
can hope to be successful. 7 ... . .
-..*'■• •- ' - ■ . ■ •,.:,;-,' -h*
. Miss Dora Wells is owner and purser of the
Puget Sound ; steamer '• Delta," which runs from
Whatcom to the San Juan Islands and Victoria,
B. C. 7 She makes contracts for freight, collects
tares and sometimes takes a hand in navigat
ing the vessel. , 7 . ,I '7/7'y ; : ■ '/ >;
An English ;' newspaper states that President
Cleveland has made arrangements for a yacht
ing J tour around the world as soon as his term
of office "expires. V Mr. j Benedict ; is < said 7to be
building a large yacht to carry a distinguished
party, ' including j Cleveland and Lamont, on [a
circumnavigating tour. The further statement
is j made that the j tour will begin in 1897, and
that the yacht will first go to , England and
from there to the Mediterranean.
AROUND: THE CORRIDORS.
Among the friends of ex-Chief of Police T. G.
Cockrill there are few .who know that : he" was
the hero of a famous \ bloodless duel, and was
instrumental in keeping two old friends from
slaughtering, each other on the" field of honor.
The Chief happened to relate the story himself
in the corridor of the Palace Hotel while chat
ting with some friends, and he remarked \ that
it was | the j first , time j that the story had been
told in this Stated: The scene of the affair was
one of the banks of the Osage River, near Min
isters' Bend. . -y 7 .'•'-'. '- .7
; "There were two neighbors there— Pat Stan
ton and Billy Schanillcr— had been leik
7 EX-CHIEF OF POLICE COCKRILL.
[Prom a photograph. J
David and Jonathan," said Mr. Cockrill, "until
they had a falling out about a horse. The lie
was passed arid a challenge iollowed. Prelimi
naries Were arranged, although general regret
was expressed that two old neighbors should
seek each other's blood.' I knew them both so
well that I determined to do something to pre
vent the meeting.. An idea occurred to me,
and I talked the seconds over into acceding to
it. It was to fill the gun barrels with poke
berries, which have a dark purple juice resem
bling blood, and let the contestants blaze, away.
"The eventiul morning .dawned, and our
party stood • on ■-, the bank of the placid Osage
and made ready. jj It was one, two— and
they let go. : Each : saw the other drenched
with what he supposed was blood, and then,
feeling what he thought was his own blood
dripping about f him, fell over on the sward.
Friends carted them away, and when they
came td, ho more remorse-stricken men could
have been found on earth.
"'I have killed my best friend,' wailed each.
"By agreement their friends kept them un
der this delusion. Two days later arrange
ments were made for them to meet accidentally
at the. tavern. Pat , stood bewailing his
unfortunate act, when Billy walked in. * , r 7 1*
"They gazed in stunned amazement at each
other for a moment, and then embraced. The
two were united in friendship again until
Schandler came to California. He was pretty
well, known here -for. years. The affair was
known through Kansas and Missouri for many
months as the famous pokeberry duel."
"I have heard it remarked many times In the
East by people who have returned from Cali
fornia, that you folks of the land of gold are
not as reckless with' your money as you were
In the days when stocks were booming and
everybody jingled gold-pieces in his jeans, and
that, furthermore, you could squeeze a nickel
as hard now as a Nantucket man," said H. C.
Middleman of Chicago yesterday to a group of
friends. ' y, ''-J. '. :-■■-,"'
"But," he added, "when I go back I'll com
bat any such statements. . As to recklessness
I won't say, but I have seen several instances
in the past few days. that convince me that the
same old disregard for money still exists in the
Californian's nature. •; I was on a cable-car
Friday and a • stout, '•' ruddy-faced man stood
hanging on to the j rail .of the dummy.
He had ; a ten-cent piece ,7 in 7 his hand
waiting for the conductor to come along. In
some way an adjoining passenger jogged his
arm just as he was about to. hand the money
over and the piece fell in the street. Did he
have the car stopped or jump off? No. He
only glanced back and then dived down in his
pocket and fished up another coin.
"Yesterday I saw two Instances. One of them
was on a Cable-car of the Powell-street line. A
man got on holding a transfer in his hand. He
seemed buried In thought about something and
when the conductor came along shouting 'Fare,
please,' I was surprised to see him go into his
pocket.bring out a nickel and hand it over to the
conductor, who promptly rang it up. Two
blocks further on the man realized that he had
a transfer. He 'muttered something and then
threw the transfer away and/went on thinking.
I know many a man. in the East who would
have hauled that conductor out and raised a
din about the nickel. ;'':*.':'-:'
■ i "Another case" was that of a woman who
stood in front of a store window on Montgom
ery street. She had stopped - to buy a knick
knack from a street vender, and in taking
money from her purse ' dropped a coin, which
fell through an iron grating into the basement
of . . the store. She ■• only .peered down
once,' and then taking her purchase
went '-■ on.'* But the vender was a thrifty
mortal. . Waiting - till . she was out
of sight he went, in the store, and -soon I saw
him come out smiling. '■ Out of curiosity I
asked him j how much he got. It was a quar
ter. "„ Those are only three instances and in
contrast .to what I have seen elsewhere.
Though I am an Eastern man, I must say Jhat
Californians have 7- not come down to an
econemical basis as regards; handling money."
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS.
"But," observed the visitor politely, "I wish
a practical education for my daughter."
j The preceptress smiled -and turned to her
school... y ; 7.;y ... , .';:■■ •'•* . . .-■■-■,
'.'Class in domestic : economy, attention," she
said. "Ready for revolt of hired half-Nel
grapevine strangle— angle of jaw—duck
land—Practical?-' Yes." ;; .'•.-
The terms would be #500 a year in advance!—
Detroit Tribune; 7 ' ■ c ;\ V : ;7 .
"Yes," the literary boarder was saying as the
Cheerful, Idiot : entered 'the .dining-room. "It
had a remarkably dramatic flavor.'-'. ' 7 ' ::.:':■ T
, / "What had?" asked the Cheerful Idiot. *7
"A novel I was reading last night." v
"Oh! I thought you were perhaps speaking"
of the omelet:"— lndianapolis Journal..
j-''.. 7- ..vassab PIE. "
Give me a spoon of oleo, ma,
, _.. And the sodium alkali, ;. • ... ' . •
for I'm going to make a pie, mama,
I'm going to make a pic. •-,.-. -"•'
For John will bo hungry and tired, ma. .:. i
And his tissues will decompose; 7 ' ■ 7 =
So give me a gramme of phosphate,
And the carbon and cellulose. V-;.-'.*y ■ ■'■■■°'o
.Now giVe me a chunk of caseine, ma, L : •*':'
; '•-.;' To shorten the thermic fat; '• -•; " ':"/.
o And hand me the oxygen bottle, mi,
* And look at the themostat: •;.-
And If the electric oven's cold , '
X ; .Just turn It on half an ohm.
For I want to have supper ready. "- >
• 70 . ■ As soon as John comes home. *.y"v ';*''/.':
Now pass the neutral dope, mama, 7,
And rotate the mixing machine, * !
But give me the sterilized water first ; ) ;
i. And the oleomargarine.' ■ ',"<-■ . .'7 ' 7
y. And the phosphate; too, for now I think, '
The new typewriter's quit,
7rr »i ! And John will need more phosphate food
;... .: ,To help his brain a bit. :
° '" '•■.,'■ ' -■ „ Chicago News!'
"I think," said Mr. Bluestreak, "that. if : I
; could \ choose a mode of dying I should select
'\£*? d j L V- murmured Miss Gushfit, "would
like to be killed with kindness." *
'^•-That'a Jail- right," returned" Mr. Bluestreak,
gloomily, "but ; it's easier to- get the poison.-
Smith & Gray's Monthly. • 77 - y ; ; ; \.
Friend- You still employ Dr. Hardhead, 1 see.
y Mrs. de.Style— He's just lovely. My husband
and I both like him. When we are ailing he al
ways reccommends ■ old *: port "■ for , my husband
and Newport \ former-New Haven Palladium.
, Langley^s Directory has 2594 more esriarn
7 ban the opposition. Out Monday. - r -':•• '--i :|
Rev. W. W. Bolton Defines His
'Attitude^Toward- Pen- . . :
. ance for sin." '
IS GROSSLY MISUNDERSTOOD.
A Word Which Ecclesiastically
Means Remission and '
Forgiveness. .;. -y,
. Rev. W. W. Bolton, preaching yesterday
morning at the Church of St. Mary ' the
Virgin on the subject of "The Granting; of
Indulgences and the Episcopal Church,"
stated that the subject of -''Repentance"
necessarily entailed a consideration 'of
"Indulgences," a matter grossly misunder
stood by the world, denounced root and
branch, and assumed by many an Episco
palian as finding no place in the economy
of that church. It was said to be repugnant
to Protestantism ; to have been cast out for
ever at the times of the reformation, and
the Twenty -second Article of Religion, as
was to be found in the prayer-books of the
Episcopal church, was said to condemn it
altogether. -\ -.,,;■"
The preacher pointed out the gross mis
take as to the very meaning of the word.
It is asserted to be a license granted by the
church to commit sin. This comes from the
change in the general use of the word. Now
adays it stands for the giving way to men's pas
sions, but of old, and ecclesiastically, it means
remission, favor and forgiveness. What
Catholics mean by the word is the remission
by the authority of the church of a part of the
temporal punishment due to sin. This punish
ment the church gives in penance. All sin has
to be sufl'ered for. All sin finds us out and re
coils upon the head of the sinner.
In the early days of Christianity the Catholic
church, both publicly and privately, laid pen
ance upon persons. These • were, regulated by
canon law. When these were lessened .or
wholly remitted this was done by an indulg
ence. The original indulgence affected only
what the church under the power of the Keys
laid as byway of penance on a soul. It is" a
part, and an absolutely necessary part, of that
godly discipline which the Episcopal church
desires greatly to see restored. ?* y'7
Quotations were made from the prayer
book to prove this point and special refer
ence was made to the Thirty-third Article
of Religion as showing that such claims
as there are made, both to punish and give
penance and lift that penance, evidence
that the Episcopal church holds fast to the
matter of discipline, which, as a matter of
necessity, curtails a power of granting in
dulgence of such discipline.
Bishops of the preacher's church had all
down the ages used their inherent power,
to cut off sinners from the congregation
and to lift or indulge such punishment.
Reference was made to the Jewish church,
where no indulgence was allowed.of God to
be given. But by reference to the later
Scriptures it was shown that St. Paul cer
tainly used the power to grant indulgence
upon seeing clear evidence of repentance.
The power to grant indulgences lies with
the Bishop, and not with the priesthood. This
is not because it is a greater matter than any
thing that a priest can do, but simply a ques
tion of order and what would work best for the
church at large.
An indulgence. is not, then, as so many ig
norahtly surmise, either a pardon of .any sin
or a license to commit sin. It has to do with
canonical punishment, not with sin. It must
ever be preceded by confession. '■ •.'.?. :' ■*. 7 y-7'- ';"'■ ■".
Should a Bishop excommunicate a party and
assign a penance, and before that penance was
completed the party was fully repentant and it
was felt that read mission should be allowed,
the EpiscopaL church* cldms-tireT»isHrr-te-ftrrt
the remainder of such penance through the
Episcopate. And such is an indulgence
The preacher showed where the main
differences on this matter lay between his
own church and that of Rome and stated
that he only mentioned the differences be
cause the modern development of the an
cient doctrine had caused men to throw
the whole subject over. He condemned
members of his own church for refusing to
scrutinize their prejudices on this head.
Touching on the history of indulgences, he
asserted that never were they sold for cash
by the authority of any church. Sordid
men trafficked in them. "All that was asked
was a voluntary offering from a grateful
henrt, such as is now given at weddings
and christenings. In the thirteenth cen
tury those who sold indulgences weie held
up to scorn and were the butt of ridicule.'
Trie concluded with an an appeal to ac
cept punishment for sin in a proper spirit.
Men fret and fume and grumble at their lot
when they ought to say that such was but the
due reward for their deeds. We suffer now that
our souls may be saved in the day of the Lord.
Justice demands that we shall be "punished, but
the infinite pity of God reaches out even as he
lays his rod upon us, and the punishment be
comes a glorious benediction, if in it our faith
can but see his hand. 7
FRENCH CHRISTIAN UNION.
Reception Given by the Young
Girls' Society of the New '*'
An Appeal for Aid to Carry o On
7 • the Work of the Organ-
The first reception of the .Young Girls'
Society of the French Christian Union was
given yesterday at the home, 1120 Powell
street.: The house ° was crowded with
French people and leading members of the
different evangelical churches of • this city.
The 'reception was really the", inauguration i
of 7 a new society, formed by young ladies "
who have joined the union, those who have
been placed through the union's "employ-;
ment bureau and those who follow any.
of the. classes at the home. ° A' very pretty
"programme was given by the young girls
of the home and members of the union. 7 It
was as follows: 7'; •",' 7'"; i
Opening prayer. Rev. Dupuy; hymn, tlie \
assemblage: reading. of the Word, Madame;
Marie Marshall: address; Marie Marshall, presi
dent of the union; solo.Miss J.Fistcrmans;
recitation; by one of the pupils; hymn, by the
assemblage; recitation, by. one of the pupils;
hymn, by one of the-pupils; trio, violin, violin
cello . and organ, by the Misses ! Ames; - recita
tion, "Stretch It a Little," by one of the pupils;
closing words, Mrs: J. G. Clark ; doxology ; bene
diction. y y ; •7;; v
At the close of the programme there was
a social chat on the work of the new union,
y The ;' home" was i founded last Novem-ber
by Mme. Marie Marshall, who after having
done much missionary work in Paris cjame
to this city to labor among her own people. .
She J has I met : with f considerable \ aid from j
the charitably inclined among the French '
citizens of ■ San 7 Francisco \ and ■ froni the
members 7of the different evangf hca'
churches, but ; much more is needy*! \to
carry on the good work. r . f'lhJ
The object of the union is to advanp' * c
interests of '■■ the . home, - to > provide otec "
tion for young French ■•> girls, thougp sev
eral •■ of other nationalities 7 have ' accept* ;
the free benefits of ; the home. Child renot
all religions are received and treated * I . l * e *
I-. The work of -the - home is divide" into
three classes: | French I kindergarteny every,
day except Saturday and Sunday; trencn
primary classes, Monday, Wednesday ana
Friday ; free industrial- classes, pr< )Viain
manual training for boys and girls.: . > . ,-•■
Boys are i instructed*, how ■ to. maK c Dir ""
cagoe; paper .windmills i and » the '• like, >7 tne
idea being to give introductory 7 loaf. 0 * ; in
the use of tools of all kinds. y^he^ii-ls are
taught 3 dressmaking, millinery " » n0 - i*: tne
like so as to fit them for practical (work in
those lines, y A' free employment ' bureau IS .
connected with the home. > Girls who have
no home and : are 'out; of work are.given
board and lodging at the home until em
ployment can be found. A charge of $2 a
week is made to those who can pay it, but
no one is refused admittance on account of
being poor and unable to pay. The home
is sustained by contributions from* the dif
ferent churches and charitable individuals,
: No 'similar /French; society covering all
these branches exists in the United States.
A move is .being made .to appeal to the
charitably .inclined people who are willing
to contribute toward saving young girls, as
the home|is:rapidly. growing and. the ex
penses are getting heavier; . ;•:
The . officers iof the French Christian
Union are as follows:
"President, Madame. Marie Marshall: -.vice
presidents—Mrs. J. G. Clark, Mrs. <;. Barstow,
Mrs. H. Beckley, : Madame Herera; record
ing secretary, Mrs. W. M. Searby ; financial sec
retary, Mrs. Hutchison; treasurer, Mrs. E. V.
Robbins; board of directors, twenty-one ladies
from the different churches. .* •
There were . several ■ noted local'philan
thropic workers present to assist and 'con
gratulate Mine. Marshall, among them be
ing ..Mrsj. Emily C. Barstow of the Ladies'
Protection and Relief Society, Mrs. Clarke
of the Lick Old Ladies' Home, Mrs. E. V.
Robbins and Miss Margaret Culbertson of
the Presbyterian Chinese Mission, and
Mrs. J. I). "Thornton of St. Joh.ii> Presby
terian Church. '
- Yesterday was also the.first anniversary
of the French Reform Church, of which
Mme. Marshall's son. Rev. £. J. Dupuy, is
pastor, and which holds '< services every
Sunday at the rdodest home' of Mrs.' Mar
shall, 1110 Powellstreet, just; a few doors
from the school of the French Christian
Union. .. ~. ,
, Pastor Dupuy 's address was both retro
spective and prospective and was in a most
encouraging strain. Already the church
has 7 a membership of forty-eight. The
floral decorations were lavish. jy-'
NO PRUNES FROM FRANCE.
The Californian Product Has
No Competitor on the '.- •,
; American Market]'' ,, •'' "
A French Exporter Says They
y Should Be . Sold as a
Native Product. w .. y
P. M. Lou brie, a member of the firm of
Talbot Freres of Bordeaux, France, packers --
of peas, mushrooms, -tomatoes, and other
vegetables and olive oils and prunes, is in
the city. He said that his firm shipped no •
prunes to California and very few .'to the -
Eastern States, while a few years ago they *
did a large business in that line. • 'Cali
fornia prunes have taken the market all.
over the. United States," he said; "where
we exported large . quantities a i lew years
ago there is now very little .sale arid"; of
course, no .French prunes come to Cali
fornia.'' r ° '.'.:••;
Speaking! of -the relative "merits of Cali
fornia and French prunes he said that .the
essential difference" was only in the appear
ance, which was due to the difference in
the mariner of packing.and the care taken. • *
It would; be well, he said, for. the Cali
fornians;to insist that their prunes be sold
as California prunes and get all the credit
for their good name instead of allowing the
dealers to pass them off as French prunes."
The French pack all such articles much
more neatly and attractively : than the
Californians". It was for this reason as j
much as anything else, M r . Loubrie said,
. that they were enabled to compete here with
the finest class, of vegetables which they .
export. -, l ."We French say," he '8854, "that
we" eat as much with our eyes and ou* nose -
as with our mouth.": .7 7 i- 7 .' \
■ ' ' "■ • — -» — » . '• '.*:'..\
l»- - ■ ■* . ----..-• o ..-:-■■. • -• ' - \ ■-.
TERRY EMPLOYES PETITION. A
The* Deckhands of the Sansallto Steam-
I ers Ask, for More Wages; ,.
* Tf^r^Uff jftfi&* *?* JtaJfstytgafeg*
the North Pacific Coast ferry steamers', ply
ing between this city and Sausalito, were
reduced from ?G0 to $50 a month.
The, employes whose pay has been cut
have petitioned President Stetson, of the
railroad company to reconsider his action
statinf that the men employed in a similar
capacity oh the Tiburon, Oakland and Ala
meda "f routes receive $60 a month > for - sev
eral" hours' less work than is daily per
formed by the petitioners.
They also state that while the captains
arid ruates of their steamers alternate in
making the late '^theater trips" they are re
quired to worK every night, never getting
to their respective homes before 1 o'clock
in the morning. ■_- ■■ , ,;'■ . , .
Bacon Printing Company, 508 Clay street. *
CkJEU mixed candies, 25c lb, Townsend's.*
j. F. Ctjtter's Old Bourbon— This celebrated
whi.-kv for sale by all first-class druggists and
grocers. -Trademark— Star within a shield. *
, s*- • j y '■' '■>■- — — — ♦ — - ■
Nice present for Eastern California
Glabe Fruits in Japanese baskets. 50c pound.
Tow'nsend's, 027 Palace Hotel. i 1 ' *
1 - I — .*• ».'.*' -'' ■ y?
The annual army expenditure of Greece
is jLB,OOP,OOO drachma. ; A drachma is about
2Q?ccjts. J ? '
/ok that tired feeling, or 'when yon are weak,
nervous and worn out, Hood's Sarsaparilla Is just
the medicine to restore your strength and give you
a good appetite. It purities the blood.
"Mr». V^insiow's Soothing Symp"
jlas been used over fifty years by millions of moth
ers for their children while To thing with perfect
>uccess. It soothes the child, soften:- the poms, al
jays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Bowels
.md is .the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether
arising from teething or other causes. For sale by I
Druggists in every part of the world. Be sure and
ask for Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup. 25c a
'bottle. : 7 y. *..''... * ''.'--.'. - ■■ -;
■ , LACES.
'Our Lace Counters
Are full to overflowing with
1895 styles —'White, Beige,
Black and Colors, in all widths,
At RB/narkalily Low Prices
jack Dress Drapery 0 Nets,
pure Silk, 48 inches wide, reg-
j u ;ar value $1, °
'NOW AT 50c.
107 AND 109 POST STREET,'
. • ; ';._2_; sfD _- '
\ 220- 222- MARKET ST. .
THE LATEST? DESIGNS
In WOOLENS-FOR SPRING 1895,
" HAVE ARRIVED.. 7 -
H. S. BRIDGE & GO. stairs, opp* Pal .'kotei
.WkstWammmi :■ : : 7 '•7: : '7' > -
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