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FAVO RS HER FREEDOM Senator Call Speaks in the Cause of Cuba. ALL FOR INDEPENDENCE. Residents of the Island Should Throw Off the Yoke of Spain. THEIR BUEDENS TOO HEAVY. Paying: a Tribute to an Army Which Will Now Be Brought to Crush Them. WASHINGTON, D. C v April s.—Speak ing of the mass-meeting held in Jackson ville last night and the resolutions adopted, Senator Call of Florida said : •■.l have frequently introduced in the Senate resolutions requesting the Presi dent of the United States to open negotia tion. with Spain looking to the inde . pendence of Cuba on the basis of an issue ! of bonds from Spain to Cuba as compensa tion, these bonds to be guaranteed to any reasonable extent by the United States. ! ; Secondly, I have called the attention of the State Department to the condition of affairs in Cuba and urged legislation in line with the resolutions referred to and ■shall recommend these resolutions when ever opportunity offers. . •'At present the Cubans have not estab lished any provisional government that ■ .we -could recognize, but the moment they ; '.do organize one that seems to have a! reasonable chance of permanence I shall • strongly urge their recognition as belliger- 1 . Tents. • Nine-tenths of the people of Cuba '•are. in favor of independence, and most of ' them are in favor of annexation tothe ■'■■ yfcfnited' States. Cuba offers one of the i " finest markets for us in the world. It is | .' JOae of the richest and under proper sani- I'tary laws will be one of the healthiest coun tries to be found anywhere, and would be .', a .perfect garden if under our controL I ••; ."The Cubans are courageous, bright and ' ' "quick-witted and make excellent citizens. | •': Iji' spite of the absence of schools in Cuba, ; the people have managed to keep them- ! i selves very high in the scale of intelli- j gence. They pay an annual tribute of I over $22,000,000 to Spain to maintain the ."• army that is to be used to try and crush ! . tii«m. I earnestly, hope for their inde • jf>eiide;nce." '.'■[ -\ CONCEDES THE BEQUEST. -.'Spain to Give Americans Arrested in ';..:■• ■ . Cuba a Civil Trial. .. '^WASHINGTON, d. c, April 5.-The ; .■.S.pa : ni?h Government has conceded the re- j vq&est of the United States that the two \ . , American citizens, August Boleton and ! ' Gustav Richelieu, imprisoned at Santiago ! : ; ■ bYe;.-Criba, be given an opportunity to estab • li|.h their innocence before a civil tribunal, j : : " T-jie.se men were picked up in a small boat j i • near "Santiago by a Spanish cruiser and j I brought to the town and placed in jail. ' " X>nited States Consul Hyatt secured their • i . re}ease, but they were again arrested under • suspicion of having landed insurgents on : ■jth.fe Ctfban coast. Instructions were cabled I Consul Hyatt to protest against a trial , , by . jth'e naval authorities, and to insist upon ; *idefibite accusation of crime, and a civil = trial-.' ' , ■ : '::pPA.XISH TItUOPS ATTACKED. '■■ i 4» Attempt to Cover the Landing of Max- ! ' S. : '..': itno Gomez. " .;.;viIAT>BID, Spac*-. April 5.— A dispatch '•received here from Cuba announces that a ; '.ba.nd.of 700 Rebels, which has appeared in j ; : : t'h'ieicenter of the island, attempted to at- ' •tack the Spanish troops stationed on the .•smith .coast, in order to cover the landing ! .'of Maximo Gomez, who is said to be com- ' ■; ing: south to Cuba from Hayti. CRUISERS SENT TO SYRIA. Missionaries Fear a Massacre \:\\ of Christians by the '"■/; . Turks. Demonstrations to Be Made That •„'; May Queil the Bloodthirsty Natives. WASHINGTON, D. C, April s.— The United States steamer Marblehead, now at Gibraltar, was cabled yesterday by Secre tary Herbert to proceed with dispatch to Beyroot, Syria. The commander-in-cbief t>ftbe European station will sail imme diately on the San Francisco, now at Palermo, for Smyrna. He was instructed to -order the vessels of his command to also visit Alexandria and confer with the United States Consuls and resident Amer ican citizens, and if it is found there are .good grounds for the apprehensions ex pressed in these quarters concerning a probable massacre of Christians to inti mate to the responsible authorities that this Government will afford full protec tion to American citizens living peaceably in that part of the world under its treaty . guarantee-. The orders to the European squadron were issued at the instance of the State De partment, which had received a letter from United States Minister Terrell at Constan tinople suggesting this course. He re ported that the missionaries in S3*ria were in- a state of alarm in view of the turbulent feeling manifested by the Turks, and while no overt acts had been reported he felt it might be a judicious movement to send some of our warships to the towns along the seacoast for the sake of the moral im pression it would make. The Board of American Missions also has been urging the Navy Department to make Smyrna a rendezvous for the Mediterranean squad ron-to impress the natives in that section of the country. It is not, however, the in tention of the department to adopt any ar rangements that will interfere with* the Bari Francisco and Marblehead at the great Kiel naval demonstration unless there ' should appear to be real danger of an out break in Turkey that might jeopardize the lives of Americans. RAIZWAY MEJi TO MEET. ( Plans for Holding the Big Convention of Commissioners. "?'_" WASHINGTON, C, April 5.— A call has been issued by Allen W. Post for the -seventh annual convention of the Railway Commissioners, to be held in this city on May 14 next at the office of the Interstate Commerce Cemmissien. The call is issued under authority of a resoly^ss passed by the last annual convention of Railway Commissioners held in thi; city last May. The Railway Commissioners of all States, and all officers charted with any duty in the supervision of railways are asked t« attend. The session of American railway | accounting officers is also invited. The committee on organization of programme consists of I. B. Brown of Pennsylvania, J. Yantis of Illinois, J. W. Luke of lowa, James W. Rea of California and Edward A. Mosely of the Interstate Commerce Commission. • OF INTEREST TO THE COAST. Additional Pension* Granted in Califor nia and Oregon. WASHINGTON, D. Cv, April The special mail service will be stopped be tween Tollhouse and Pine Ridge, Fresno County. John W. Ebner was commissioned Post master at Mount Angel, Oregon. Pensions have been issued as follows: California: Original— George W. Green, Prunedale, Monterey County; .William H. Joy, Healdsburg, Sonoma County. Reis sued—Samuel E. Cobbs, Elsinore, River side County. Original widows, etc. — Sarah j Macqueen, Freshwater, Humboldt County. ; Mexican War widows — Ellen Smith, San j Jose. Oregon: Original— Lorenzo B. Hoover, Clackamas County; David H. Sexton, Lucky Green, Josephine County. Reis sue—Nathan B. Sweet, Cottage Grove, Lane County. THREE RAILROAD WRECKS. Eight Men Are Instantly Killed and Others Fatally In jured. In Two of the Disasters Cars Were Dumped Into a Deep Ravine. ALTON, 111., April 5.— A fearful wreck : occurred this morning at the Wood-river j bridge on the Chicago and Alton cut-off, ' about a half-mile north of East Alton. A long, heavy freight train was coming down i the grade when the middle of the train bulged out and fifteen cars were piled on top of each other. Four men were killed ■ outright, and two fatally injured. None of them are known, but they are supposed to be tramps who were stealing a ride. The injured men were brought to the hospital in this city. An inquest was held at East Alton. The wreck was caused by the train being too heavily loaded behind. When the brakes were put on the front cars the weignt behind was thrown on the fiat car in the middle of the train, crushing it to atoms and wrecking the other cars. On the train were sixty laborers, most of whom had just quit work on the drain age canal near Chicago. The accident oc curred on the Wood River bridge, an open structure seventy-five feet above the water. None of the train crew were hurt, as only the middle cars went over. ZANESYILLE. Ohio, April s.— Four persons were killed outright and a fifth was fatally injured in a wreck on the Bel laire, Zanesville and Cincinnati narrow gauge at a trestie five miles west of Sum merneld this morning. A coach jumped the track as the train was approaching the trestle, which is situated on a curve. The coach went down five bents of the trestle to a ravine below. Eli Lucas, the engineer, whose family re side in this city, was instantly killed. Mrs. E. Young and little daughter of Summer field and residents of Beallsville suffered the same fate. Jesse Jones, the fireman, was fatally injured. GARRISON, CoiiO., April 6.— A broken flange on the tender of a south-bound Rio Grande passenger train caused a bad wreck near here to-day. The express-car was thrown to the right side of the track and the baggage-car and one coach to the left side, rolling over. Express Messenger S. P. Thomas was" caught under a stove and badly injured. The car caught fire and was with difficulty saved from de struction. A coffin containing a corpse was badly burned. Considerable of the express matter was destroyed. OPEXIXO TAXKTOX J.AMtS. Intricate Questions to Be Investigated by Secretary Smith. WASHINGTON, D. C, April 6.-Tbe proclamation for the opening of the Yank ton lands in South Dakota will not be is sued until there can be an investigation by the Secretary of the Interior of the present contentions. Secretary Smith will deter mine whether the State can select the lands, and whether it will not be compelled also to pay for them at the same prices as agreed upon in the treaty with the Indians. In the enabling act admitting South Da kota the State was granted about 500.000 acres of land. It is an open question whether selections made of ceded Indian lands would not mean that the State would get them free of charge, while settlers have to pay $3 75 per acre. The proclamation will be withheld unta the questions are investigated. ARRESTS TO BE MADE. Detective* Investigating the Carson Mint Steal. WASHINGTON, D. C, April 5.-The j mint and secret service officials are reticent j regarding the Carson mint. It is learned, I however, that tip to this time shortages in j gold have been discovered aggregating 4072 j ounces, which is equal to $80,000. In nearly all the cases gold was abstracted during the process of melting the bars and the false •weights of gold contained therein marked on them/ The gold thus secured was sold to banks at different points west from Carson, a considerable quantity being disposed of at San Francisco. Most of the abstractions, it is said, took place in 1891 ana 1892, but small amounts have been taken within the last two years. Important arrests are ex pected soon. Always at the head of the procession — Dr. Price'e— the best of the bating pow ders. TO BE HELD IX fOREIGX WATERS. Order* for the Final Trial of the Cruiser Minneapolis. WASHINGTON, D. C. April 5.-The triple screw cruiser Minneapolis is to have her final trial in foreign seas, which will be a departure from the old practice. Orders were to-day cabled to the admiral at Kings ston, Jamaica, to put the ship through a thorough two days' sea trial some time between the 23d inst. and May 6, which last date will be just rive months from that of tne original acceptance trial. The trial board will be made up of the following officers of the squadron: Captain Evans, Chief Engineer Harris, Lieutenant-Com mander Alibone, Lieutenant Kellogg and Carpenter Fletcher. Cold for South America. WASHINGTON, D. C. April 5.-The treasury officials were notified of the with drawal yesterday from the New York sub treasury of $115,000 in gold for export to South America. THE SAX FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 3 895. HISSED THE JURORS. Missourians Sore Over the Failure to Convict the Taylors. BRIBERY IS SUSPECTED. Five Who Stubbornly Hold Out for an Acquittal of the Accused. THEN THEY QUICKLY DISAPPEAR Mob Violence or Grand Jury Indict ments May Cut Some Figure in the Scandal. CARROLLTON, Mo., April s.— The jury in the Taylor case came into court at 9:30 o'clock this morning and reported that they could not agree. The jury stood seven for conviction, five against. The Judge thereupon discharged them. At 9:30 o'clock the jury was brought into the courtroom and Judge Rucker asked: "Gentlemen, is there any prospect that yon will agree on a verdict?" "None whatever," replied Foreman George Fleming. 'What do the rest of you say?" said the Judge. "There is no show whatever," replied several jurymen. "Do you stand now as you stood from the first?" asked the Judge, and the jurors replied that the first ballot was seven for conviction and five for acquittal, and the result remained unchanged in all future ballots. Judge Rucker ordered the clerk to enter a disagreement and discharged the jury and continued the case until the next term of court. As the jurors filed out they were hissed, hooted and reviled by the people gathered about the courthouse. It is the general opinion that Carroll County has been dis graced by the five jurors who stood out for acquittal. The jurors who voted from the first for conviction were J. A. Rose, David Jame son. Adolph Aver, Granville Jenkins, Elijah Baker, James H. Creel and W. R. Brammer. The five who stood out for acquittal from the first were Frank Yehle, Barnett L. Hudson, Ben Glover, George Fleming and J. T. Noland. As soon as the jury was discharged tbese five disappeared. It is said by the other jurors that they stole out of town, fearing mob violence. Before leaving the juryroom Frank Yehle made each juror promise not to reveal to any one the names of the jurors who voted for acquittal, but when the seven jurors got out and mingled with the people on the street and learned the state of the public mind and that uniess it was known how the jurors voted each man of the twelve would rest under the suspicion of having been bribed, they told the names of the five. The jurors who voted for conviction say that Frank Yehle sustained all arguments made in the juryroom against conviction, and it has developed that George Fleming, foreman of the jury and one of -those who voted for acquittal, has a niece who mar ried a cousin of the Taylors. Ben Glover, another of the five, is a rela tive of one of the attorneys for the defense. Stories of bribery are multiplied daily, and it looks as though the Grand Jury will have its hands full when these charges are brought before it. A vital question— what baking powder do you use? Dr. Price's is immeasurably the best. THAT BIG ORINOCO GRANT. It Would Seem That England Has No Claim to the Territory. Venezuela Encourages Americans In Securing Products of Great Value. MINNEAPOLIS, Mist?., April 5. — A representative of the Journal who visited Mayor Grant of Faribanlt, Minn., to-day, obtained interesting information about the treaty concessions about the mouth of the Orinoco in Venezuela which Mr. Grant^nd his associates have secured. Mr. Grant denies with considerable vigor the asser tions made in Washington that the con cession is in any way involved in the international complications between Ven ezuela and England. Nearly all of the land which is granted to the syndicate to be improved and colonized has always belonged to Venezuela and has never been claimed by England. Mr. Grant admitted, however, that a small corner of the con cession had been settled on by the English, but it was the least valuable and no trouble would arise out of the fact. He adds that the concession is really eleven years old, having been granted to J. A. Bowman in 1884, who has been interested in it with Austin Corbin. After some work had been done in im proving the privileges granted the revolu tion broke out which finally pnt Crespo in power and nothing was done. The trip wnich Mr. Grant, with Bowman and W. H, Fisher, has just taken was to have the con cession confirmed and the divergent inter ests harmonized. In this they were successful and expect to improve their privileges, if the talk about international complications or a war with England does not interfere. The concession includes valuable iron mines, great forests of mahogany, rose wood, and an island at the mouth of the Orinoco, in which there are valuable as phalt wells. It is also believed that there is gold in paying quantities. The Vene zuelan Congress adjourns June 15, and Mr. Grant expects to go there again before that date to close up the negotiations. COSf ESS ED WITHOUT AUTHORITY' Attempt to Set Aside a Heavy Judgment in a Chicago Court. CHICAGO, 111., April 6. — A motion was made in Judge Goggin's court to-day to set aside tbe judgment which was rendered recently in the Superior Cour» by the National Bank of the Republic against the Walter A. Wood Harvester Company of $26,000. The judgment was entered by confession on a note of the company held by the bank. Attorney I. K. Boyesen, who appeared for the company, told the court that the confession of judgment was not authorized by the company. It was made by Vice- President McGowan and Assistant Treas urer Finnigan, officers of the company who lire at St. Paul, where the principal plant of the company is, but the attorney says these officials have not been authorized by the directors or other officers of the con cern to confess judgment in favor of the bank. C. H. Remy, attorney for the bank, opposed the motion and argued that the confession was legal and that the officers had the authority to make it. Judge Gog gin said he would hear the matter fully and decide it on Tuesday. WITH TREMENDOUS CAPITAL. Heavy Baching Behind the Xeit Telephone Company; NEW YORK, N. Y.i April s.— Thurlow W. Barnes, the active spirit in the new Standard Telephone Company, confirms the statement that the capital of the com pany is $160,000,000 and that there are fifty different companies chartered and organ ized. He further says: "We have 200 prominent capitalists in the United States interested in the com pany. We propose to commence our ser vice this summer in this city with a rate of $3 a month for telephones. It is true that Mr. Searles of the Sugar Company is not a director of the company. He sold out. He was originally interested in the Stand ard scheme, but was bought out by the syndicate. Mr. Searles left last night for Arizona, to be gone a month or more, but among those- associated with the New York organization are his nephew, Ennis M. Searles, and his son-in-law, William Tuttle." . SPENDS A NIGHT IN JAIL Oscar Wilde Arrested on a Charge of Committing a Penal Offense. Marquis of Queensberry's Plea In the Libel Case Is Substantiated. LONDON, Esq., April s.— The jury in the case of Oscar Wilde against the Mar quis of Queensberry found that the plea of justification submitted by Queensberry was proved, and the Marquis was discharged from custody. The verdict was received with loud applause from the spectators, which the Judge did not check. A warrant for the arrest of Wilde was promptly applied for, copies of all the wit nessed statements and the shorthand notes of the trial having been furnished the public prosecution. Early in the afternoon Lord Alfred drove to the bank, cashed a check and re turned to the hotel. Soon after both Wilde and Alfred drove away. Wilde was arreated at the Cadogan Hotel. He was taken in a cab by two detectives to Scot land Yard. Wilde was very pale but cool when he arrived at Scotland Yard. At 8:10 p.m. Wilde was arraigned. The prisoner re mained silent throughout the proceedings. He was then taken to Bow street and placed in the docket in the police station. Here he stood with his hands in his pock ets white the charge against him was being taken. A police inspector then read the charge aloud and asked Wilde if he had anything to say, adding the usual warning that anything he said might be used against him. The prisoner remained silent and apparently indifferent. He was then searched, after which he was locked in a cell. Shortly after he had been locked up one of his friends arrived in a carriage at the station with a Glad stone bag containing a change of clothing and other necessaries, but the police re fused to permit him to leave it. Later Lord Alfred Douglass went to the police station and inquired whether Wilde could be admitted to bail. The police inspector explained that Wilde had been arrested for a criminal offense, which did not allow of bail being *ccepted until he had been ar raigned in court Lord Alfred was greatly distressed by this information. He was told by the in spector that Wilde had a blanket and all requisites in his cell to be as comfortable as the regulations allowed. The prisoner would be allowed to receive food from a hotel until to-morrow, when he will be arraigned on a charge regarding the penal offense. Three deaths from supposed mushrooms last week. How many unrecorded from use of as deadly adulterated baking pow ders? Insist upon having Price's Cream Baking Powder; its purity and goodness have never bee.n questioned. AN ENGINE IN TEAGMENTS. Terrible Force of the Blow Which Dis- abled the Solano. The old Solano lies high and dry on the ways at the Oakland railroad yards, and although somewhat weather beaten from her years of service she is still sound and tight far beyond what it was expected she would be. The Solano has been sixteen years in commission, and during all that time she has never been out of the water. Twice a year the barnacles have been scraped trom her hull by a kind of submarine scraper, but beyond that she has been practically unrepaired. As she is out of the water now, however, she will be given a thor ough overhauling and it is probable that fully $100,000 wii'l be spent on her before she is again put in the water. Planks are being taken from all over her hnll, and the least bit of decayed wood found is scraped out, or the damaged beam is re placed with a new one. It is in the engine-room, however, where the greatest damage has been done and where the most money for repairs will be spent. The accident which caused the damage was a most peculiar one. The engine is one of the same kind as are familiar to all ferry-boat travelers, and on the Solano there are two of them, one to drive each paddle. The piston is about sixty inches In diameter, and the engine has a stroke of eleven feet. The piston had just completed its upward stroke when the rod broke off in the socket by which it is attached to the mechanism of the walking-beam, Steam at a pressure of 45 pounds to the square inch had just been admitted above it, and the condenser, which is immediately under the cylinder, had just formed a vacuum below the piston, which was equivalent to adding 13 pounds more pressure to the square inch. Under this pressure of 53 pounds to the inch the piston, released from the walking beam, was driven down with an original force of nearly 140 tons. The bottom of the piston is slightly convex and the lower head of the cylinder is shaped to fit it accurately, so when the piston struck the lower head it shattered it like glass; it went right on, too, through the condenser and did not stop until it had reached the bed-plate of the engine. When the steam was turned off they could not find a piece of the lower part of the cylinder or of the condenser which a man could not pick up and easily carry away. The sides of the cylinder and the condenser were two inches thick. The action of the blow was exactly simi lar to the stroke from a steam hammer. The piston and its LJ-foot rod weighed 2% tons, and with the force of the steam and the vacuum driving it down 11 feet into a cup wnich it exactly fitted, the effect was to grind the massive steel castings almost into a powder. It will take thousands of dollars to repair the damage it caused. SCHOOL MA'AMS AND ART Teachers Say That Too Much Time Is Given to Drawing. THE PRESENT SCHOOL FAD. Nine Hundred Teachers Discuss Miss Ball and Her Methods. The teachers of the city had a big time yesterday afternoon over the teaching of drawing in the public schools according to the system and method of Miss Ball, the special teacher of that art. They all got together at the Lincoln and Webster schools at 1 o'clock, and after long discus sions expressed their finding of judgments by vote. They were generally in favor of a good deal of trimming. This gathering, which was called a special institute, so that absentees would be fined, was one of the culminations of a long and somewhat restless agitation. ! Prior to the present school year drawing was always down in the course of study, but teachers taught it or not according to their ability to do so, and when they did teach it they generally followed their own j ideas and methods. When Miss Ball came here about a year ago as the agent of the Prangs and that firm's system of drawing she was engaged ONE OF THE WAYS OP A CHILD'S PENCIL WITH NATUBB. [Reproduced from a public school specimen.] as a special teacher to introduce her sys tem and instruct the teachers. She "re s signed her position as agent, and went to , j work at the beginning of the present school . j year. Drawing at once leaped into promi- I nence. Miss Ball called the teachers of ', i each grade together regularly after school I hours, laid out the work for the month and j told them what to do. Drawing has been • : increased in the schools from the lowest ; j grade to the highest, and more drawing i i paper has been used up since July than in j any three previous years. | But Mia Ball found her job a hard one. > She tried to get 900 teachers to pull to gether all at once and all do the same work. At first she was unpopular, because the teachers said she was dictatorial and arro i rant, but lately she has become generally liked personally. Then they criticized her j system and methods in all sorts of way?. One month the children all drew spheres, cubes and cylinders in all sorts of positions. Then the cat was taken up as an elabo , rated cylinder and several thousand pic- ! , I tures were taken, labeled "cat." In many j j classes the teachers tried her advice of tak ing to school a very docile cat, that would sit still on the teacher's desk. Leaves, ' bugs and other products of nature were ■ j drawn, and the children tried their hands • at illustrating stories. , The old board stood by Miss Ball, but with the new administration there com- I raeuced a movement to find out anew the j merits of Miss Ball's work. A meeting of the principals was held three weeks ago, ' at which the majority indorsed the sys j tern "with modifications." That meeting (ailed for the appointment by the Super j intendent of a committee of fifteen to find j out the sense of the teachers of the entire I department and report to another meeting jof principal*. That committee decided to call the teachers all together and they had j their say about drawing yesterday. The I teaohers'of the nine primary and grammar i grades met in separate rooms and held j nine separate meetings. They discussed and voted on several definite propositions. One question was, "How Much Time Should the Children Devote to Drawing?" The time given has been about a half-hour a day. All the grades voted in favor of one hour a week, divided into two or three lessons. The grades were unanimous, too, in favor of plain drawing-paper, instead of textbooks with pictures to be ropied. They all voted, too, in favor of a new wrinkle. The teachers want a special, printed monthly bulletin, illustrating the work to be done during the month, and containing explicit instructions to teach ers. If the teachers get this improvement Miss Ball will become an editress. Another question was, "Do you favor each teacher instructing her class individu ally?" The unanimous verdict was "yes," though one trade adopted a resolution making it optional for teachers to exchange work during the drawing hour, where one was especially skilled in the work. On the great question of whether the teachers should gather at the Normal School to be taught by Miss Ball after their regular school work was ended or should be allowed to dismiss their classes earlier once a month the vote was divided. Six grades voted in favor of gome after school hours, and the second, eighth and ninth grades carried the vote in favor of saving this extra tax on the teach ers' time. This spending the rest of the afternoon listening to Miss Ball once a month when their school work is done is what many of the teachers have been growl ing about," and some prominent teachers said that most of the teachers were a little afraid to vote in their personal favor on that point. A number of recommendations were made by various grades. One of the criti cisms of Miss Ball's system that some teachers have made is that it did not ap pear to tend to any particular good — artistic or industrial. On motion of Miss Pechin. principal of the Cooper Primary School, the fourth erade meeting asked that the aim of the instruction in drawing be clearly defined. Then a graded course of drawing, begin ning with the lowest grade and ending wit li the highest, was demanded. This consensus of pedagogical opinion about how art should be taught in the public schools will be officially considered by Superintendent Moulder, and when the principals hold another meeting be will make a lot of recommendations to the board. The teachers now generally like Miss Ball and approve her system, out there is likely to be a paring of the time that sev eral thousand children give to drawing and a trimming and pulling together of the methods by which the rising genera tion is learning to draw pictures. Miss Ball is an exceedingly bright and talented young woman, who for eight years superintended the drawing work of the Omaha public schools. Then she spent three successful years as agent for -Prang. She explained yesterday just what she was trying to do in the field of art. She said: I am not trying to produce artists. Thou sands of children should not be taught draw ing to develop six artists. My aim is flm to develop the ability to draw as a mean? of ex pressing ideas. It is a practical means of ex pression that can be constantly used in a mul titude of ways through life. One can express ideas by writing though the writing be crude, and so to express ideas by drawing it is not necessary to be an accomplished artist. With a fair ability to draw one can oiten explain to a dressmaker or carpenter how a thing is to be made, for instance, by a little sketch better than by any amount of telling. Then drawing should be taught so as to quicken observation. It can give mental power and it should cultivate the taste. The instruction in the public school should be general and aimed at developing the child's own power to do something with a pencil, not merely to imitate while a teacher stands near him. This gives the groundwork for special training in either industrial or freehand draw ing, and that should be specially given. Next year ray work would be more directed toward industrial drawing than this year. MBS. LE BALLISTER TALKS. She Declares She Ha« Nothing to Con ceal From the Authorities. So far as straightforward defiance goes, Fred Hansted and Mrs. Eeina Le Ballister | have thrown down the gauntlet to the al i leged Senatorial combine in the last Leg j islature, in the pilot bill, and dares either i Senator Seymour or Senator Linder to at tack them as blackmailers. Ever since Fred Hansted, or Young Dutchy as he is commonly called, made : his statement before Foreman La Rue of i the Sacramento Grand Jury, to the effect ! that there had been a Senatorial combine i and that he and Mrs. Le Ballister had j been "thrown down" by Senator Seymour in the matter of the division of the alleged "sack," there ha 3 been blood in the air, but no no one would, in the language of the lobbyist, "give up." Whispers and rumors were rife, but Young Dutchy, Mrs. Le Ballister and Miss ! Minnie Howard declined to say a definite ; word until Hansted was brought before Mr. La Rue in W. W. Foote's law office. ! All this time Mrs. Le Ballister declined to be seen or interviewed. It was admitted on all Eides that the woman knew the facts, but for once the woman declined to talk. When Ed Con roy stated that he had declined to call on Mrs. Le Ballister, because he did not call on "women who were strangers," the bar riers of feminine prudence gave way, and I yesterday Mrs. Le Bailister gave an'inter j view to a Call reporter. | That she was connected with the Legis i lature regarding the pilot bill she would I neither deny nor affirm, but when it came to Ed Conroy's statements, her big eyes . flashed and her white 'hands grasped the j arms of her chair and there was wrath in ! every gesture. "If, said she. "Mr. Conroy says that he declined to call upon me because I was a I stranger to him, he tells a deliberate false hood. "I was introduced to Mr. Conroy in due form, and his intimation is a deliberate to '■ suit." Here Mrs. Le Ballister's eyes grew full of tears, and she said in a "strongly : emotional manner: "I do not want any | publicity. I have done all I could to avoid it, but if it must come I will be ready to tell all I know before any Grand Jury in the State. "I was in Sacramento. I did know Sena tor Seymour, but I absolutely deny that I ever said to Ed Conroy or to' any "one else that I thought he had money to* be used for the retarding of the passage of the pilot bill or that I expected or had a right to expect any money from any clique or set interested in that bill, or that I ever intimated to Mr. Conroy that the men in terested in the prevention of the passage of that bill had better brine up the sack. I met Mr. Conroy incidentally and knew him casually." At this point anger dried the lady's tears and she flashed out: "This I will say. What I know I will tell when called upon by the proper authority. I have nothing to fear. If I have, as is" alleged, been con nected with any deal let it be proved. If I . am interested in any blackmailing scheme let me be definitely accused. "I have accused neither Mr. Conroy nor Mr. Phillips with having been go-betweens. I accuse no one. I only ask to be let alone." "Young Dutehy," or Fred Hansted, when seen last night said : If Ed Conroy says he did not know Mrs. Le Ballister, ne lie«. He not only knew her, but he called upon her and even occupied the seat next her in the legislative galleries. His inti mations that she <ought his acquaintance are wholly and absolutely false. lam in this fight to stay. lam spending my own money, an*i all I want is to have either Senator Seymour or Senator Linder meet my defiance. If I am blackmailing them lot them take the proper course. As to E. A. Phillip*, I can only «ay I have a score-to settle with him. I helped him when he needed help, and now that he thinks I am alone in this fight he deserts me Mrs. Le Bellister will tell all she knows to any proper legal authority, and so will I. While talking Hansted evinced strong excitement and repeated several times the assertion that he was spending his own money and making his fight alone against the concentrated efforts of the "combine." But he declared that if any legal authority would ask him to verify his statements a"s to the "sack," Senator Seymour and the "combine," he would be only too ready to do so. Senator Linder and E. A. Phillips left town yesterday and are believed to have gone to San Bernardino. Just where they went no one of their friends Beemed to know, and when told of their departure Hansted grinned sardonically and said "They don't seem anxious to make a fight do they?" ' Marvelous when undergoing much strain of I Body or Brain. THE IDEAL TONIC: ■••? ..I find it uniformly beneficial, it strengthens the entire system." Emma Juch. j Mailed F7ee.l_ _; I Dcicriptlve Book with Tectimonywd I Portraits • \—m. .2F.JHn^P CELEBRITIES. Beneficial and Agreeable. Every Te»t Prove, Reputation. Arold Subitltntiong. Ask for ' Yin Hariui.* At DrnrgUts and Fancy Grocers. MARIAN! & CO., , Fakii: 41 84. H«»«mann. E2 U 15tifit U«»7»k. Uik> . Ut Oxford StretU «tlßfc,«iWXßfc THE SPHERE OF BOTANY. Tie Breaii of Research Which tie Science Undertaies. ITS IMPORTANCE UNDENIABLE. The Wisest Man Who Has Lived Was a Student of the Trees and Flora of His Time— Ramifi- cations Not Confined Merely to Arrangement and Nomenclature. •■■.■"■"■*■._- ■- ■ . . ••.•■■--.. •"'".'*-■.■ ■ ■'■ .■ .■.■■■.-.■■. ■ ■■ .: The work ■which botanists have done, and that which they are to-day doing, has received scant enough recognition from the people, and yet it is a most important branch of natural science. And from the very remotest antiquity it seems to have been studied more or less. Holy Writ is authority for the statement that King Solomon "spake of the trees, from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon, even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wali"; but perhaps the earliest preserved botanic notes are those of Aristotle and his successor, Theophrastus. These cover the era B. C. 350 to B. C. 300, and from that time right down to to-day the study has never been entirely neglected. The proper scope of botany is admitted to be, not only the naming and arrangement of the entire vegetable productions of the globe, but also the consideration of the external forms of plants; of their anatomical structure, however minute; of the functions which they perform; of their distribution over the globe at the pres- ent and at former epochs, and of the uses to which they are subservient. This 1 alter phase of the subject is the one in which the populace is principally interested ana to which, all things being considered, most attention has been given. It treats as clearly about the ad- visability of eating potatoes' as about the in- advisability of smoking opium. It is this phase of botanic study which has given to as a number of purely vegetable remedies which are as much valued as gold itself, and in the world's economy some of them are more neces- sary than is the most precious metal. Califor- nia abounds in vegetable remedies, and when the very choicest and effective are combined, as they are in the height of perfection in Joy' ■ vegetable Sarsaparilla, and as they are in no other home remedy, then we have a botanic production that is actually priceless. MD FOR WHOM IS IT GOOD ? FOB THE BABY— Because 'it is so mild in its effects it strengthens the little constitu- tions by nature's means. "It acts splendidly in children and can't be equaled."— airs. F. ROMAINE, San Jose. FOB TELE YOUNG MEN— Because It pre- serves the tissues, clears the blood from all impurities which are sure to make their ap- pearance in young manhood. '1 have taken five bottles and now my troubles have left me."— LEE, Third and Market sts. IN YOUR PRIME- if you have neg- lected your health it will stimulate nature to perform her proper functions and brace you up generally. "I find it the most effec- tive remedy I ever came across." CHAS. ELKINGTON, 125 Locust aye. IN LATER TEAKS — there Is no dis- ease on earth that it will not help. If you cuff from indigestion, torpid liver, kidney trouble, dyspepsia, irregular bowels or any- thing else in the wide world, try Joy's.- -: " You cannot make any mistake if you ask for Joy's Vegetable Sarsaparilla, but you will make a mistake, AND A BIG ONE, TOO, if you allow any drug clerk to tell you that he has some- thing else which, is quite* as good. There is nothing else quite as good. Tell him that. Unless you want to have your skin covered with unsightly pimples and hard-looking blotches you must keep away from the sarsapa- rillas that have mineral poisons in them, Joy's hasn't a particle, and if you nave been taken in, and you are now suffering from the effects of having taken a substitute, order Joy's at once. That will make your skin . clear again, and then see that you are not FOOLED TWICE. 0 Millions § ffl sent H YjGn Every year from California 1^ \gTA to P a >" f° r manufactured Head XJWI goods that we have the re- k?N§j IpP^ sources, the capital and the J^^l T^m labor to make right here. If |^M Lb^J we'd only 'get together!" EOS W^m The first step is to liberally L^u ]^rj patronize home industries. fOh f^\ Let's be proud of what we R&v| \^w\ have an( * we'll soon have B*kSfcJ W^A more. Patriotism builds* na- M \£&\ tions and local enthusiasm k^RI y^Tjk builds cities ! fo^ pS standard -KS Hj STANDARD Nfl S^a SHIRTS N3 Br>&! You add to the wages fund f%^ \£&\ of S. F.— while getting the |lH®| fyjk very best value for your f^Vl YJSn money. All dealers sell them. kjSStf USo4 NEUBTADTER BROS., San r%£B fA^l Francisco, make them. L^Bj LAUREL MILL CEHETERY ASSOCIATION.. /CHOICE LOCATIONS IX ANY PART OF THE \J grounds for sale and lots laid out on the Law system or inclosed with* low walls, as purchaser may desire. - ... . •' Perpetual care of plats a specialty. • - Cemetery permanent. • . . ; ' ■• r . . ■ For the purchase of lots or for any improvements apply to the superintendent on the grounds, Cen- tral avenue and Bosh ats.; San Francisco, Cal. ■•**■■' _ T«E NEWPORT, ALAMEDA. POPULAR HOUSE HAS BEEN LKASKD ttnJL a . responsible party, newly furnished and thoroughly renovated; room and board by the w ft or month; »urt bathing. •■ Second -»ye. .tatted narrow-gauxe. »coi-«w«.