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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, May 17, 1895, Image 14

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An Important Meeting
of the Chamber of
The Agricultural and Shipping
Interests Are to Be
John P. Irish Opposed the Resolu
tions as Being Politically
One of the most important meetines of
the year in Sari Francisco was held by the
Chamber of 'Commerce yesterday after
noon. It was cabled to consider the ques
tion of a bounty on the exports of agricul
tural staples and a tonnage bounty, or dif
ferential duty, in favor of American ship
ping, both of which industries are at pres
ent unprotected.
When the meeting was called to order by
V ice-President Craig nearly all the available
Beating room was occupied. Among the
assemblage were many representative men
from the interior of the State. The Hon.
Thomas McConnell of (Sacramento and the:
Hon. George Obleyer of Yuba Cit^ occupied
eeats on tne platform on either side of. the
chairman. ••.:■■: ■ . •
Secretary Clement read letters from A.
P. Edaeh of Watsonville, master of the
State Grange, and E. W. Davis, Superin
tendent of Schools of Sonoma County, ex
master of the State Grange, expressing
their regrets at being unable to be present
»nd indorsingthe movement in the hearti
«st term's; ! : ; . . ..' .
The master of the State Grange wrote as
follows: '-. ; ; .
. ' ■.:,.:- Watsosvlllk, 0&1., May 13.
Hon.W, H. Dinioiid, President Chamber t>f Com
merce, San Francisco, Cal.— Dear Sib: Have re
celved-with pleasure your.invitation to attend
the meeting of the Chamber of Commerce on
the 16th inst. : I deeply regret my inability to
be present, as the most profound interest cen
ters.on tb-e proposition you. are about to dis
cuss, because of its far-reaching magnitude
and the piuUiplielty of beneficial effects its I
speedy adoption and practical enactment into
laws wouldsubserve. ■ • . ■
I am not conversant wkh the evils which be-
Bet the shipping interests other than to know
that our merchant marine has lost its former
prestige, and that out flag has been well nigh
Oriven. f ronl. the seas thn.ugh various remov
able causes, chiefest of which was unfriendly
I fully know the ills' by which agriculture is
beset, and if yours even remotely approach
©urs it cannot fail to produce a bond of union
which should incite both industries to cease
. less effort in the direction of emancipation,
■which efforts should never be relaxed until the
Gtme' measure of justice and equality before
the law is vouchsafed to us as that enjoyed ttf
all other protected industries.
.May the wisdom, integrity and patriotism of
this meeting invite all to" a union of forces
favorable to progress and reform-. And may
victory crown the manly effort for justice ana
right. .. ■
I have the honor to remain respectfully
yours, • . A. P. Roach.
Mr. Lubin of Sacramento was introduced.
He delivered a forcible address. The sub
ject is one to which he has given much
study, and his enthusiasm and earnestness
were reflected in the close attention and
frequent demonstrations of approval of his
auditors. He prefaced his address by say
ing t.hat in the discussion of such a subject
politics should cut .no figure. Said he:
• ■ We all know what is meant by tariff taxa
tion, but after listening- to the Democratic aud-
Republican orators, and then hearing another
discourse on silver, we are pretty badly mixed
up. But our purpose is to consider the ques
tion of protection to our agricultural, commer
cial and shipping interests from the-view point
of what is best to be done to accomplish the
greatest benefits to our interests.
It seems a hard thing to explain that the ex
port price is always the home price. Tne ex
tort price which England would pay us is no
greater on any commodity than sne would pay
for the same thing from tfie country, where the
cheapest labor is employed* The export price
Is obtained in a free-trade market.
We erect a wall, as it were, which prevents
too free a competition between us and the
products manufactured in the cheap labor
countries. In -the matter of staple agricultural
products we must sell them at the free-trade
price in open competition with the agricultural
countries of the world. There is no wall to
protect them. One thing we lose sight of is that
we cannot get one cent more for the agricul
tural staples consumed at home than we re
ceive for the exports. Agriculture is absolutely
not protected. We protect manufactures and
other industries at the expense of agriculture.
The only parallel to the system of this country
is furnished by Kussia. All. the other European
countries grant the same protection to agri
•ulture that is accorded to the manufacturing
and other industries. Ii wheat was brought
to $1 15 a bushel it would not remove the in
justice that exists is the indisputable fact that
one industry is protected at the expense, of an
If you enable one man to sell his products for
a high price and do not make it possible for his
neighbor to sell his goods at an equally fair
price, then the protection is not just or equable.
We are here to-day to take a position which
will be far-reaching in its effect. If the Cham
ber of Commerce has the nerve to pass this
measure the news will go abroad; it will go on
to. Washington and stimulate our representa
tives to make the fight for equitable protec
tion. But if we fail to do this thing its effect
will be 1 felt throughout the State among the
granges' and other industrial organizationsr
yes, and even throughout the length and
breadth of the land.
Captain Charles Nelson followed. He
Bpoke with the earnestness of conviction,
and strongly urged the passage of the reso
lutions. He said :
This nation ought, to have to-day the su
premacy over the thousands of steamships that
yearly cross the Atlantic, but until three years
ago, when a combination of American capital
purchased two English ships, which were after
ward granted American registers, then for the
first time since 1859 did the American flag float
at the peak of the great racers that now almost
annihilate time between this country and
Europe. ' ■
Those two great industries, agriculture and
shipping, the last of which has been knocking
at the door of Congress during several sessions
for recognition, which has to compete against
the subsidized and cheap-labor ships of Europe,
and the first, of even greater magnitude, has
also had to compete against' cheap labor and
cheap capital, without having received any aid
from the general Government, but instead h-as
been crippled by the protective duty levied by
our Government on imported goods for the
benefit of the manufacturers, as well as coal,
iron and other articles too numerous to men
The silver question sinks into insignificance
as compared with this, and then will the cry
of herd times be heard no more; nor will the
question be asked, "What shall we do with our
boys?" as thousands, yea, millions, of them
will seek employment as of yore, and it will be
an honor and not a degradation, as considered
by a great many to-day, to be connected with the
American merchant marine, as well as those
magnificent vessels of our navy, the admira
tion of the world.
These two great industries will speak in no
uncertain voice to Congress, demanding from
it equal fostering and protection, which will
bring- back remunerative prices; prosperity,
not alone to agriculture, but to our whole
country; restore to our merchant marine the
• Highest of all in Leavening Power. — Latest U. S. Gov't Report
P^j^&& 1 1 Baking
place, it once occupied, namely, doing more
than 90 per cent of our commerce, instead of
14 per cent, as it did in 1894.
. On concluding his remarks he offered the
following resolutions prepared by David
Lubin. The motion for its adoption was
recorded by D. J. Staples:
Whereas, Agricultural staples being exports
cannot be protected by a tariff on imports as
are manufacture?, and
Whereas, American ships in the foreign
trade, being built of protected material and
under protection ' wages are at a disadvantage
ih the world's competition with ships con
structed and operated in cheap labor or free'
t'rade : countries; such advantage being beyond
th.c reach of protection by a tariff on imports;
therefore, be it
Revolved, By the Chamber of Commerce of
•San Francisco that the condition of
the staple agricultural and shipping interests
demand the enactment of such legislation as
will put both these great industries upon a
footing of equality with, those now specially
fostered by .the Government. Be it further
. Resolved, That since neither of the two great
unprotected' industries can derive any benefit
from a tarfff on imports, we call upon Congress
to-equaltze the protection system by extending
to agricultural staples and American shipping
that lust measure of protection which they are
entitled to; as long as protection is the con
trolling and public policy of this nation, and
that this be done by an export bounty on the
staples of agriculture ard to American ship
ping- in the foreign trade either by a bounty on
tonnage or a differential duty which shall dis
criminate in favor of American as against for
eign ships, all to the end that a restoration
may b.e brought about of our merchant marine
and that the independent land-owning farmers
of the nation may not be driven into bank
ruptcy and ruin by the competition of the
cheap land and labor countries of the world.
Be it f urtner
Resolved, That the efforts of the chamber be
pledged to the furtherance of a union between
the shipping and agricultural interests in an
endeavor to secure equitable protection for
both at the hands of the Government.
A long letter supplementary to that
written Dy Master Koach of *the State
Grange to Secretary Clement, was read by
Senator Voorheis of Butter County, in
which the writer reviewed the present sit
uation of the agricultural and shipping
interests at length, and assured the Cham
ber of Commerce of his hearty support of
any movement or measure looking to the
improvement of affairs.
The smooth tones of John P. Irish's
voice ; were heard from the back part of
the room, and a. new element of interest
was introduced in the almost certain an
ticipation of an opposition to the passage
of Mr. Lubin's resolutions.
Though in an exceedingly omall minor
ity, as the speaker expressed it, he was
heard with attention. Said he :
Mr. Lubin's argument against protection is
perfect. One class has been taxed for the
benefit of another class. His proposition to
equalize matters by putting an export bounty
on agriculture is, in my opinion, an artificial
interference which is equally as vicious as the
effect which he seeks to remedy and which is
the result of other artificial interference.
In the example of other countries we have a
warning against such a vicious system. In
those countries the system has become so
thoroughly interwoven with the other systems,
banking, commerce, etc., that they do not
know where to let go. Now, then, it has been
said here that the burden of the protection to
manufactures has fallen on agriculture. "B"
pays taxes for the benefit of "A." Very well.
But Mr. Lubin says equalize it by paying Il B"
a bounty equal to the protection " enjoyed
by "A."
It amounts to one thing. We will tax our
selves in order to furnish our surplus products
to the foreign consumer at a cheaper price.
The only way we can compete with the large
agricultural countries of the globe is to sell our
products in the open markets of the world at a
cheaper price.
Will this bounty which is talked about re
dound to the benefit of the farmer?
By no means. When you stei to remedy an
evil resulting from artificial interference by
another system of artificial interference, you
got back to a worse condition than you are in
now. .
The whole system of protection is that a man
shall walk around with another man's meat on
his bones. When you walk around with your
own meat on your bones then you let the whole
system of protection fall to the ground.
Mr. Lubin responded with spirit. He
insisted that taxation must be equalized —
call it tariff or whatever term you may
wish. Colonel Irish's references to free
trade policies cannot be borne out by fact.
There is no absolutely free trade nation on
the globe. England, which has been used
for illustration, is not a free trade country.
"We may all come to it in time ? but until
we do there must be protection to all and
an equalized taxation," he said.
Captain Murray and Chairman Craig
made short addresses in favor of the resolu
tions, and as the question was called they
were passed by a unanimous rising vote.
Walter N. Castle introduced the follow
ing resolutions, which were adopted by a
unanimous vote:
Whereas, The National Grange Patrons of
Husbandry at its last annual session at Spring
field, 111., passed resolutions for the holding of
a conference between the representatives of
agricultural and commercial interests, at
which conference one of the subjects for dis
cussion will be the protection of staple agri
culture by an export bounty; therefore be it
Resolved, That the president of the Chamber
of Commerce of San Francisco be hereby au
thorized to appoint a committee of one to at
tend said conference on behalf of the com
mercial and shipping interests of California
with the end in view of securing such co-opera
tion between the agricultural and shipping in
terests as may be be6t calculated to secure to
each of these industries that just and equit
able measure of protection to which they are
entitled as long as protection is the public
policy of this nation.
The meeting adjourned amid expressions
of gratification ;
The Woman's Chriatiaf Temperance
Union Will Entertain Mrs. Matthews
and Miss Pash.
Preparations are being made for the wel
coming to California of two world- famous
lecturers of the W. C. T. U.
Mrs. Stephen Matthews, national organ
izer of the British Woman's Temperance
Association, will arrive overland from
London to-morrow and on the 24th inst. a
"jubilee reception" in honor of Queen Vic
toria's birthday will be tendered to Mrs.
Matthews by the State officers of the W. C.
T. U. Mrs. Matthews will lecture in the
Third Congregational Church June 12 on
the duties of motherhood, and other ap
pointments will be made hereafter for her.
Miss Ellen Pash will arrive in San Fran
cisco in about two weeks. She is a grad
uate of Girton College, Cambridge, and is
a young English woman of varied accom
plishments. Lady Henry Somerset of
Eastnor Castle, who is president of the.W.
O. T. D. in the British Empire, is the
patron of Miss Pash and recommends her
to the temperance women of the United
States in glowing terms. Miss Pash is also
a devotee of the Salvation Army and spent
several years in its work in India. Her
lectures consist largely of reminiscences of
her. work in England, France and India.
She was presented by the Empress of India
with a shawl as a token of appreciation for
the work she is doing for women.
An Ex-Hawaiian Official Who Will Re
turn to the Islands.
. Frederick Wedenburg, formerly Post
master-General . of Hawaii, who Borne
months ago left Honolulu on account
of friction with the new republic,
has been invited to return to his home in
the Sandwich Islands and expects to do so.
During his residence in San Francisco Mr.
Wedenburg has not taken part in any plot
tings against the Hawaiian Government.
An intimation to that effect was unfortu
nately published in a recent issue of the
Call. This suggestion is an injustice to
Mr. Wedenburg. For the purpose of set
ting him right in this community and
among his own people in Hawaii this ex
planation is given.
Superintendent Ashworth Sur
prises the Red Rock
The New Specifications as to Rock
and Bitumen Exactly Like
the Old Ones.
People are wondering at the sudden
change of heart that has come over Thomas
Ashworth, Superintendent of Streets.
Contractors, architects, quarrymen and
those who supply material for street paving
are surprised at the very sudden and unex
pected conversion of Superintendent Ash
worth to the blue and gray rock fetish.
They have called upon him, or tried to do
so, asking for an explanation of the mat
ter. But they have found him absent
from the City. Immediately after his
conversion to blue rock Mr. Ashworth hied
himself away to the seashore or the moun
tains; no one appears to know whither,
and even inquiries at his residence fail to
disclose his exact wherebouts.
There is indignation mingled with the
surprise, and the red rock quarrymen and
contractors declare they have not been
fairly dealt with by the Street Superin
tendent. They declare, too, that Mr. Ash
worth, in the specifications tiled by him
with the Street Committee of the Board
of Supervisors last Thursday, rescinded all
his previous statements concerning the
unfairness of the Rattler' test for concrete
stone, and showed beyond a question hia
very recent conversion to the false dogma
that Gray Brothers should be permitted to
have an exclusive monopoly in furnishing
the foundation stone for street work.
Rock men are fully awakened on the
question, and an investigation of some
kind will certainly be asked for by those
most interested.
The ordinance that has been in force for
several years made provision for a test of
the concrete rock to be used in street pav
ing, known as the Rattler test. This test
has been proved unsatisfactory by experi
ence, and especially so as it has resulted,
and always will result, in giving Gray
Brothers, dealers in blue rock, the exclu
sive monopoly in supplying rock to be
used for this purpose. Another serious ob
jection to this test is in the costliness of
the material it provides for, since Gray
Brothers receive a much higher price for
their rock than would have to be paid for
much of the rock excluded under the test
and which is known to be equally as good
for the purpose. Citizens wnose property
is to be improved by street work, as well
as taxpayers who are interested in munici
pal economy, have made complaints of this
state of affairs.
And so emphatic did these complaints
finally become that on the 18th of Febru
ary last a resolution (No. 11,847 f third
series) was adopted by the Board of Super
visors, reciting these complaints and the
fact that the board proposed to adopt
specifications for the performance of good
street work and the furnishing of good ma
terials, and requesting persons interested
to prepare specifications and present their
views in writing relative to the material,
its character and the tests to be applied.
These were to be presented to the Street
Committee on February 28, 1895. In com
pliance with this resolution the red-rock
people, at the time specified, presented
specifications, accompanied by their views
on the subject. These specifications
wholly eliminated the Rattler test and de
clared that the only fair test is one that
will measure the tensile strength of the
concrete in its completed form. In full,
the report presented by the red-rock men
was as follows:
To the Street Committee of the Honorable Board
of Supervisors, San FYancfteo: In compliance
with resolution 11,847 (third series) recently
advertised, relative to rock, concrete and
bitumen proposed to be used in the construc
tion of bituminous pavement, and requesting
all parties interested to prepare specifications
and present in writing their views relative to
material, etc., its character and tests required,
and to submit the same to your committee,
we, the undersign - Champion '&. Crocker,
respectfully beg leave to submit the I following
specification and views relative to the rock to
be used in such construction: / ;
Specification— The rock used shall be clean,
sharp, hard and durable, free from > dirt, clay
or other soapy substances ■ and not | subject Ito
disintegration by the .action of air or water.
This rock shall be crushed or broken to an
average size, not exceeding two inches in any
direction. v '•^S^M^pßß9B^ ss^ e *|^S^SS%C9> ! S%s
Views relative to material, .as suggested by
the above specification, and as to its character
and the required :, tests — •, will be observed
that ■ the specification here presented : dis
tinctly eliminates the proposed . requirement
that rock to be " used •in the construction of
roadways must be either blue or gray in color,
and also eliminates the present test, known as
the Rattler test. , V „-* . ' .
First— We assert that , the proposed - limita
tion as to color and the use of the Battler test
so reduces the sources of supply jas| to subject
purchasers to the extortionate ana unjust de
i mands and conditions of a monopoly, and will
impose upon taxpayers and owners of property
hereafter to be improved unnecessary. bur
dens of expense, and unjustly withdraw op
portunity for the pursuit of fair and legitimate
business from : a : large , class ;of ; persons who
have invested large amounts of capital by pre
venting them from entering into full, fair and
honest competition. .. - .
Secondly— We assert ' that there is no rock,
blue, gray or red, in use or - available I for use,
which will stand the Rattler test when fairly
applied, as has been demonstrated by recent
experiment, and we here call attention, in sup
port, of this assertion, to the test made by the
Superintendent of Streets on the 21st day of
February, 1895, in . which ■ all rock, gray and
red, ,hen tested, failed Ito meet - the require
ment and also to the tests made of similar
rock on the „ 23d day of February, 1895, by
your committee. -:.; While on the occasion of the
test last mentioned the ? rock of . Gray Bros,
(gray in color) apparently met the standard as
to loss, there is evidence which cannot be ig
nored—that the rock submitted to the test had
been previously ; prepared, for ; the purpose by
filling or otherwise removing and rounding on
the sharp edges and corners. A sample lof the
rock thus ' prepared was placed in the posses
sion of the ;■ Superintendent of Streets by Mr.
Morgenstern, a member of i your committee,
and ; is subject to identification and examina
tion, which, 'is t hereby requested.". We ' assert
that the Rattler test, or any other test of rock in
preliminary stages, is jot a fair and lust test,
and that the | only . fair test is one which will
try and measure the tensile : strength of the
concrete in its ' completed -■ form, after lapse of
sufficient time for hardening. ■:•<.- *■■■ . ■ . .
Thirdly— We assert that the rock ; commonly
known as red rock possesses | equal merit for
use in street and foundation work with that of
blue or gray rock, and in many respects the
qualities of the first named I are | superior jj to
those of I the last named. v While by the tests
heretofore referred to the loss of rock from the
quarries of Ditrgins Brothers and the under
signed (re* rock) was greater than that of gray
rock, even assuming that the test was fairly
applied, it is undeniable that the rock from the
quarries ;of < Diggins Brothers, Champion &
Crocker ; and ;• other > red-rock quarries has been
in use for years, and is now being used in street
and . foundation : work iby ;■ leading ? architects
and engineers in work of the most extensive
and . important character and with most satis
factory results; aWe : cite 'as instances founda
tion . of Mills , building, Crocker building, Par
rott building, on ; corner of Powell and Post
streets, the new million-dollar Parrott build
ing on Market street," the Olympic Club build
ing, the building of the Native ' Sons of ■ the
Golden West, the '■ Spreckels* « Sugar j Refinery,
the ten-story apartment building corner of Cali
fornia and Jones streets, now in course of con
struction, the foundation for the new barracks
at the Presidio,' foundations for dynamite guns
near Fort Point; the roadbeds of nearly air the
cable-roads I in i this | City are made of red-rock
concrete. The Market-street Railway, Company
has used during the past ten months about
twenty thousand (20,000) cubic [ yards of red
rock concrete in the construction of its electric
roadbeds and foundations for building. f;; ■-,■
' ' We are prepared s, to ; show a large number of
blocks paved with bitumen on red-rock con
crete | during | the ) past | five years, which prove
to be far more superior, in all respects to many
blocks where the concrete is made of blue or
gray rock. We also beg leave to refer to letters
and certificates from leading and distinguished
architects i and engineers, especially -to : the
analysis by Professor Price, which were filed in
the records of this board on a previous occa
sion and which are presumably accessible at
i the present time. r. i. ; .j. ... ,: ■■■■_<:. .; : v
i In view of \ the foregoing, we respectfully
pray your honoiable committee to carefully in
vestigate the truth of the matters herein stated
and in fairness to the undersigned and other
contractors and to the owners of property in
this City, subject to be taxed for improvements
of the character referred to, to adopt the speci
fication and requirements herein urged.
This report was duly filed by the Street
Committee and a disposition of the matter
was postponed till the meeting of March
7, which all the members of the Board of
Supervisors were invited to attend. At the
time appointed, several other members of
board were present, and the matter was
thoroughly discussed. All of the allega
tions contained in the specifications and
written views of the red-rock men were
supported by the evidence of many lead
ing architects, experts and engineers and
other persons having knowledge of the
subject. And all this without dispute
from any source whatever. It was shown
that red rock was as good as blue and gray
rock, and the inadequacy of the Rattler
test was thoroughly established.
Among others who gave their views at
that time was Superintendent of Streets
Thomas Ashworth. He unequivocally ad
vocated the admission of what is known as
red rock to competition, as beiner in many
respects superior to the Gray Bros.'
rock. Mr. Ashworth also emphatically
asserted that he did not believe in the Rat
tler test, and that any test adopted by the
board should be one tb test the concrete in
its completed form. He also stated, at the
same time, that these opinions expressed
by him were but repetitions of those here
tofore given by him openly and repeatedly
at many other times.
At the conclusion of the discussion the
committee took no definite action, but re
served the matter for advisement. Nor
was anything more heard of the matter
until these specifications were filed by Mr.
Ashworth last Thursday. In the mean
time the bitumen matterwas taken up and
an ordinance enacted which was vetoed by
the Mayor. Subsequent to the Mayor's
veto the Board of Supervisors referred the
whole matter, including rock and bitumen,
to Superintendent Ashworth, requesting
him to prepare specifications for all kinds
of material to be used in street work, to
the end that good work and good material
should be obtained. Complying with these
instructions, Mr. Ashworth filed his speci
fications with the Street Committee Thurs
day, May 9. To the astonishment of every
person familiar with the circumstances
and the history of the measures before the
board, these specifications, which were
handed in by a deputy, proved to be. both
in letter and in spirit.'nearly identical with
those which had proved so objectionable,
not only as regards the rock for the con
crete foundation, but also as to the bitu
men specifications vetoed by Mayor Sutro.
In these new specifications the Rattler
test is retained and the prohibitions re
garding the bitumen are the same that
made the vetoed ordinance so objection
able. The essential parts of Mr. Ash
worth's recommendations are as follows:
San Francisco, May 5, 1505.
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of the
City and County of San Francisco — Gentlemen:
In compliance with the request of your hon
orable body, as per resolution No. 12182 (third
series), I herewith submit specifications for
paving roadways with bituminous rock which,
in my judgment, will tend to secure the use of
good bitumen and the construction of proper
and lasting pavements. Respectfully yours,
Thomas Ashworth,
Superintendent of Public Streets, Highways
and Squares.
Following this, under the head of "Spe
cifications — Bituminous Rock Pavements
for Roadway," after describing the '-true
arc" of the roadbed and providing for a
concrete foundation that shall be com
posed of "one part of Portland cement, two
parts of clean sand and seven parts of
clean rock," the provisions are as follows:
The rock must be either blue or gray sand
stone, or red rock of an approved quality, but
either kind must be clean and hard and
durable, free from clay or dust, not subject to
disintegration by the action of air or water,
and free from seams or marked lines of
cleavage. • • • And shall be such rock only
as shall not lose by erosion and fracture
more than 25 per cent of its original weight
upon testing the same by what is known as
the Rattler test, the said test of rock to be made
in the Rattler machine belonging to this City
and County by placing the said rock in said
machine, and the same put In revolving
motion at the rate of not less than twenty
eight revolutions per minute for three con
secutive hours.
All rock losing more than 25 per cent of its
original weight shall be rejected as unfit for
use. * • •
As to the specifications for the bitumen
work, when the new and the old are thrown
in contrast, it is seen that the only differe nee
between the new ones filed Thursday by
the Superintendent and the old ones
vetoed by the Mayor is in a slight change
in phraseology.
The new and the old bitumen specifica
Filed by Superinten- Vetoed by Mayor Rutro
dent Ashmorth Slay 9. April 22.
The bituminous 'rock The bitumen used shall
used shall be of the best be of the best quality and
quality and shall containjshall contain from ten
not less than twelve (12) | (10) to fifteen (15) per
per cent nor more tbanic«>nt of bitumen. The
fifteen (15) per cent of ; bitumen contained In the
bitumen. The bitumen j material shall be such as
contained in the mate-{will not vaporize below
rial shall be such ti::it 250 degrees Fahrenheit,
none of it will vaporize and be of a nature to
below a temperature of make a good cement, and
2SO degrees Fahrenheit,; the material must also be
and of such a quality as clean and free from all
to make a good cement. istone pebbles, mica,
The bituminous rock | earthy, gravelly or veget
must also be free from able matter,
all coarse sand and peb- In reducing the rock
bles, and free from clay preparatory to laying it
and vegetable matter. In shall not be done in open
reducing the rock pre-; kettles or by any other
paratory to laying, jtj process liable to burn or
shall not be done In open, destroy the oil or bitu
kettles or In any other men in the rock. Fur
process liable to burn or ther, the rock used shall
destroy the oil or bitu-'be in the condition as
men in the rock. I taken from the mines in
further, the rock used its natural state, in bulk
shall be in the condition and delivtred on the
as taken from the mines streets where the work is
In its natural state, In] being done, and without
bulk, and delivered in \ having been previously
the streets where thejdisintegrated.
work is being done, and The rock shall then be
without having been pre- heated until U melts and
viously disintegrated, becomes disintegrated.
The rock shall then beland shall be uniformly
heated until it melts and; spread over the founda
becomes disintegrated, tiou of concrete and
and shall be uniformly! rolled whilst warm
spread over the founda-j
tion of coucrete and
rolled while it is warm. |
And now the red-rock people are won
dering what influence it can be that has so
suddenly converted Mr. Ashworth's views
on these matters. His explanations will
possess absorbing interest for a great
many persons. It is asserted that his
present absence from the City is likely to
be prolonged beyond the time set for the
consideration of these apecifications,
which is next Thursday. But possibly the
Street Committee will want to see Mr
Ashworth and hear his verbal statement
before it takes definite action.
When the matter came up before the
Street Committee yesterday, Superin
tendent Ashworth was no more in evidence
personally than he has been for days past.
He was represented by his chief deputy
Andy Donovan. The latter made no ex
planations regarding the why and where
fore of his superior's conversion, and after
the reading of the title of the proposed
specifications, it was decided to report
favorably upon it by Supervisors Dunker
Morgenstern, Benjamin and Hughes
while Supervisor Spreckela registered a
dissenting vote.
A Traveling Salesman Arrested for Fel
ony Embezzlement.
Charles Strickfuss of Strickfuss 4; Oppel,
cigar manufacturers at 1209 Polk street,
appeared in Judge Joachimsen's court yes
terday and swore out a warrant for the ar
rest of Harry Ruth on the charge of felony
embezzlement. Ruth was shortly after
ward taken to the City Prison.
The complaining witness stated that
Ruth was employed by the firm as a trav
eling salesman about two weeks ago. He
was furnished with a sample-case contain
ing about $50 worth of cigars, which he
pawned for $4. During the two weeks he
also sent in bogus orders for goods to the
value of $250. He got the goods and sold
them to different dealers for cash and kept
the proceeds.
Special Baggage Notice.
Round-trip transfer tickets on sale at re
duced rates at our office only. One trunk,
round trip, 69 cents ; single trip, 35 cents.
Morton Special Delivery. 31 Geary street,
408 Taylor street and Oakland ferry defixtf, ♦
pnueni iriATrn i iddadicc
lUnoULIUAItu LlDnAKltof
Many Favor a Union of the Free
Library and the Mer
The Mercantile Association's Debts
Could Be Paid Off Within
Three Years.
The question of consolidating the Mer
cantile Library with the Free Public
Library is now being agitated by a large
number of the reading public.
It started by a resolution presented by
Trustee A. Gerberding of the Mercantile
Library advocating the appointment of a
committee to confer with the trustees of
the Public Library. The committee was
to learn if the latter desire to consolidate ;
if under the law it could be accomplished,
and if so the matter would be submitted to
the members of the Mercantile Library for
final action.
As Mr. Gerberding was unable to be
present it was laid over until the next
While there are a few who oppose this
union there are many who are heartily in
favor of it. As a matter of fact, the propo
sition to consolidate with some other
library has been discussed annually for
the past thirty years. The reason is that
the Mercantile Library Association has
not been a self-sustaining institution and
has oeen constantly running behind. At
the present time it is $75,000 in debt and
with no very encouraging prospects of
paying the interest on the debt, to say
nothing of kee ping up with the times in
obtaining new books.
Mr. Gerberding, who revived the old
question, gives hjs reasons for so doing.
He said :
If we don't do something of this nature what
shall we do? It would be a sbame for the old
est library association in the State to go into
insolvency. We are now paying about $400 a
month interest on our debt, or $4800 a year.
The last printed report of the treasurer shows
that on December 31, 1894, the receipts were
$14,617 31. Of this $6000 was received as an
additional and final loan of the Hiberniaßank.
In order to keep the library going A. B. Mc-
Creary, B. C. Bigelow, W. W. Stow and John
Hunt donated about $1500. So you see our in
come from other sources was not very large.
The disbursements amounted to $12,864 05.
Of this $5048 25 was for interest.
A library that is obliged to depend upon
membership dues will not be a success. All
large libraries must have some outside source
of supply, in the shape of legacies or gifts.
This library has none, and we cannot expect
the gentlemen who have helped us to about
$1500 to do so year after year.
The total subscribing membership on the
first of this year was 1073. The regular mem
bers pay $6 and 158 teachers pay $3, bo the
revenue from dues is only about $5950. Now,
something must be done, and there are many
advantages to be gained in the proposition "I
will submit, if the plan proves feasible.
I would turn over the Mercantile Library As
sociation's building and lot on Van
Ness and Golden Gate avenues and
the library of about 68,000 volumes to
the Free Library, the latter, of course,
to assume all of our liabilities, amounting to
$75,000. Our members would be able to enjoy
the same privileges as now and have the use
of 140,000 volumes of the combined libraries.
As it is, we have none of the modern books,
and will not be able to purchase any to induce
an increase in our membership. While this
consolidation would not destroy the useful
ness of the Mercantile Library, which con
tains many rare and costly workß, it would
give the people of San Francisco tfhe largest
aud finest free library in the United States out
side of the Boston Free Library. I am sure
that our members would be greatly benefited
as ■well as the public.
The legal status of the case has been
looked into, and but few obstacles have
been found. Under the library act of 1880
free libraries may acquire real estate and
other property. The principal question is
how the Free Library would be able to
meet the assumed debt of the Mercantile
Library, and this suggestion has been
made. Every year the Board of Free
Library Trustees asks the Board of Super
visors to appropriate from $65,000 to $80,
--000. As a rule,. of late years, the Super
visors cut these figures down to $35,000 or
$40,000. Now it is proposed that for the
next three years the Supervisors appropri
ate $G5,000. The combined libraries, on a
pinch, can be conducted on $40,000, and
$25,000 would go to paying off the assumed
debt of $75,000,
Mr. Gerberding and several others be
lieve this can be done.
H. H. Moore of 542 California street, for
ten years librarian in the Mercantile
Library, and now an honorary member, is
a strong advocate of the proposition. He
said :
Thirty years ago I urged just such a move
ment. I saw then that the library was not
able to stand alone very long. About 1870 it
was in a bad condition, and the Legislature
permitted us to start a lottery scheme, which
netted us $400,00O.That money was squandered
in getting up a $10,000 catalogue and in othei
extravagant ways. Out of this money the new
library building was built. Now we'havethe
building and nothing to support the institu
tion. In 1870 we had 2000 members, but the
number has dwindled down to 1304. of whom
about 300 are non-paying. I know of many
members of the Mercantile who are in favor of
consolidating with the Free Library rather
than have the association go into insolvency.
A large number favored joining with the Me
chanics' Institute Library, and all these will
be in favor of the proposed change. The propo
sition of the Free Library canceling the Mer
cantile's debt is feasible.
John H.J Wise, trustee of the Free Li
brary, was formerly a stockholder and
trustee in the Mercantile. He saw what
was coming and often expressed a desire to
consolidate with some other library.
Horace Davis, one of the Free Library
trustees, was formerly librarian in the
Mercantile. This prouosition was then a
hobby with him and he favors it now.
William Loewy v a member of the Mer
cantile Library, is another who believes
that the consolidation of the two libraries
is the only way of saving the one of which
he is a member.
At the next meeting of the Mercantile
Library trustees Mr. Gerberding will insist
upon the adoption of his resolution and
have a committee appointed to at least see
what can be done. In the meantime all
interested in both libraries will earnestly
discuss the proposed consolidation.
The Railway Passenger Ticket Men
Perfect Their Organization to Main
tain Fares.
The railway ticket agents met yesterday
in the Palace Hotel and succeeded in per
fecting their organization, which has for
its object the maintenance of passengers'
fares at whatever price may be set.
D. W. Hitchcock of the Union Pacific,
the only ticket agent here who refused to
join the association, was present at yester
day's meeting. He made an offer to sign
the agreement under certain conditions,
and the agents took his proposition under
After some discussion they made an
amendment in the agreement, changing
the fine from $25 to $15 for violation of the
compact in selling tickets at reduced rates.
The question of extending territory over
which the association shall have control
was considered and the association decided
not to extend it beyond Oakland and San
Francisco. There still remains an open
question as to the right of an agent in
eitherplace to sell a transcontinental ticket
at reduced rates in neighboring towns
without violating the agreement.
Mr. Hitchcock joined the association as
soon as the agreement was amended to
suit him.
C. A. Canfield, general agent of the
k Chicago, JMilwaukee and St. Paul Railway,
was elected president, end W. W. Smith,
formerly with the Union Pacific Company,
secretary. • ' .^ _,
An adjournment was taken until May
24 when the Chicago agreement will be
here with instructions to the different
agents, who. will then in all probability
fall in line with the new compact.
< » *« ..■•■'
, — - ■ . '«
Trick Played Upon a Jttl salon- Street
Grocer Which Balked by
a Physician.
Two men entered the grocery of A. J. C.
Wessels, Mission and Lafayette streets,
about noon yesterday, pretending they
were looking for a suitable place to start a
business. . ..
During the conversation the older of the
two opened his purse and drew out two
gilded pennies, representing them as $10
pieces, and asked Wessels to exchange
them for a $20 piece. Wessels did so
and the two immediately left the store.
Wessels discovered the trick that had
been played upon him and gave coase,
while his wife blew a police whistle. The
two men separated and Wessela pursued
the one with the $20 piece, calling out,
'•Stop thief!" A crowd gathered and
joined in the chase. ;
Dr. S. A. Yoiing took in the situation,
and, pulling out a revolver, brought the
fugitive to a standstill. The doctor com
pelled him to go back to the store and
hand over the $20 piece to Wessels. Then
he allowed him to go.
The older man was about 40 years of age,
had a sandy mustache and wore a dark
cutaway suit. His companion was about
24 years of age and smooth shaven. The
police are looking for them.
Another Day of Revelations in
the Trial Against
Some Fruit and Flowers Which
Were Suspected by Mrs.
Plaintiff Loomis, in the trial of his case
against Calvin Somers for malicious prose
cution, yesterday expressed his gratitude
in court at having been allowed to present
several facts that had been oppressing him
for ten years.
"During that time," said he, "my mouth
has been closed in court and I have felt
like a wounded bird with both wings
Attorney Rix had been asking him
whether he did not possess a fruitful and
fertile imagination, and as a sample asked
him why he had said he was afraid to walk
abroad at one time for fear some one
would stick a dagger in his heart.
Loomis opened out on this. He said
that a detective named Dogherty had been
employed by Somers to steal from him a
statement made by Somers of Loomis' in
nocence of McClintock's shootin&, and also
to secure some letters which Mrs. Tread -
well had written to him and which were
believed to be damaging. Dogherty had
first hired one Dugan to take him (Loomis)
into a saloon, "jolly him up" and chal
lenge him to produce the statement, but
Loomis refused to exhibit it.
On another occasion Dogherty took fruit
and flowers from Somers to his mother,
Mrs. Steiger, but the old lady refused to
even smell them when she ascertained the
sender for fear of inhaling some poison.
Then the relations between Somers and
his detective became strained, and Loomis
said Dogherty came and revealed a plot
against himself that had failed.
Dogherty said Somers had told him to
take Loomis out to "Costa's place," on
California street and Central avenue, and
there treat him to a French dinner. There
Loomis was to be drugged and the precious
statement and letters safely abstracted.
The witness had evaded this danger un- j
consciously by stating his dislike for I
French dinners and his inordinate prefer
ence for "plain cooking."
The witness also declared his anguish of
mind suffered on two occasions through
having to ride in the "black Maria" owing
to the false charges of Somers. He ac
counted for the fact that he had not tried
to escape from McClintock at the time of
the shooting by saying that he had learned
in the war not to run away, "Although,"
he added, "we did considerable running at
Bull Run."
"Perhaps Major Mhoon was behind you
on that occasion," remarked Attorney Rix.
"No; the major was engaged in the Red
River compaign at that time," said the
There was another effort before the case
was continued to Monday to secure the ad
mission of the deposition of Mrs. Somers,
ruled out on the score that a wife cannot
testify against her husband.
Officers of the Revenue Marine Who
"Will Cease to Draw Pay From
Uncle Sam.
The board of examining surgeons sent
here from Washington to report upon the
standing of various officers in the United
States revenue service has completed its
work and will report to the Secretary of
the Treasury in a few days. Several of the
officers in the service have been found too
old or incapacitated for work, so tneir re
tirement has been recommended. They
are First Assistant Engineer Wayson, now
awaiting orders at Port Townsend; First
Assistant Engineer Turner of the revenue
cutter Walcott, Chief Engineer De Remer
of the revenue cutter Perry and Lieutenant
Benham, late of the revenue cutter Hart
ley. Wayson has been a sick man for
years, and has not been to sea for a long
time. Turner and De Remer have reached
the age limit, and Benham has been almost
totally blind for several years. The retire
ment of these men will make room for the
promotion of a number of young men who
have been kept in subordinate ranlc be
cause there were no vacancies. It is ex
pected that when the various examining
boards now at work all over the country
have completed their work at least thirty
officers will be slated for retirement.
A Witness Refuses to Tell What Be
Knows About J. Waldie's Death.
There was quite a lively scene in the
Coroner's office for a few minutes yester
day. A witness refused to answer a ques
tion, and had it not been for the interven
tion of one of the jurors he would have
been lociced up for contempt. The con
tumacious witness was Edwin Lee, a sign
painter, and the inquest was on the re
mains of James Waldie, who died from gas
asDhyxiation at 3007 Fillmore street. Some
one wrote a letter to the Coroner insinu
ating that Waldie had been murdered and
asking for a searching investigation. Lee's
wife is a sister of deceased, and it was sus
pected that Lee wrote the letter in ques
When put on the witness-stand Lee was
asked what he knew about the case, but he
declined to answer. Coroner Hawkins in
sisted on a reply, and after a spirited
argument the witness said he had seen
Waldie a week ago Sunday, and he was
then sober, but nervous and despondent.
When asked if he thought anybody else
had a hand in Waldie's death Lee posi
tively declined to answer. He said he
wanted to consult with some of the rela
tives ol deceased before answering. The
Coroner got angry and locked him up, but
finally allowed mm to go andhave his con
sultation. The case was continued till to
morrow morning, when Lee will be again
put on the stand.
Spohr's mother was an excellent judge
,oi music, but no musician.
The Wholesale and Retail
Shops Will Be Closed Next
A Grand Parade will Precede the
Festivities to Be Held at
Shell Mound Park, -
wSS, -*V" m - be celebrated next
Kasnri hou S ewive3 who fail to
have f o BUpply . ° u f meat-tie day before will
■S?S-sic£«i lthoUt: - ° n t occasion as
iw^o^laS 1^ SbOPJn San
Stockton, San Ra?aeL^ -5^ SaD J ° Se '
lite will be closed! an^ U3a^
sHaled by Captain McM, para ? e ' mar
the day's JSSSSSff I .^! ****
San Francisco men "wit] tato???
various contingents from £«Ct :;
and then all will proceed to She S a '
S^^,the picnie.a,™^
in the Call. Everybody connected SS
the getting up of the affair has worked
hard and conscientiously, and Butchers'
day celebration is now an assured -success.
President Sam Hammond has; taken pS
ticular interest in this festival, and- pre
•diets, a success surpassing last year's anni
. versary j at. the Midwinter Fair. CaJE3n
McMenomy asserts that he will have more
men in line than paraded last year, and
further says that the butchers' column will
be one of the finest ever seen in San Fran
cisco, . Entries for : the various races and
games at the Oakland Racetrack are many,
and the contests are expected, to be close
and exciting." . . ■ ; .;•■:• .-■ ■•:■ *?■•
Yale's a
' "• ' y^m <* a'" - • • •'"■■'•
Removes wrinkles and all. traces
of age. It feeds through the
pores ; and builds • up : ; the fatty •
and builds up the fatty •
ibranes and wasted tissues,
ishes : :>tlielv; shriveled X and -
shrunken skin, tones and invig- '
orates the nerves and ' muscles, ;
enriches the impoverished blood
vessels, and supplies youth and
elasticity • to • the action of the
3kin. ' It's perfect.-. • :..: :• > "■■:■■ - ::
Yale's Skin Food,' price *1.60 and $3, at alidraw.
stores. 3SIMK. M. YALE, Health and Beauty
. ; A stubborn hen ;
and so is he who sticks stub-
bornly to old habits and will not .
be moved. •/ . •; .' . . .'.'•. ; .
The man who shoes him has :
bought the shoes from some one ■
else \ arid i must . charge - a . retail
profit, of course. . ... : '••' ,■[
Our method of shoeing is new
and different. We are manu-
facturers. No retail profit here.
■ No matter if your feet are •
hard 'to shoe — out of . our big . '
stock we can fit them' — or we'll
make you a pair of shoes to your •
measure. ■• :{.-.-. - •:'• v■ .•
TORY PRICES. ; . : .^ .•.",. . ■■-
cC- ■i^f-1' ■•'-' " '■■'■■ '••'-■
581-583 MARKET ST.
... NEAR SECOND. ; '• ■ V - •
Open tin BP. H. Saturday Night? tin iQ.
Keeps Refrigerators dry and sweet,
preserves meats, butter, milk, ©to.,
economizes ice, removes " refriger- •
ator taste " and : odor. . Bold by :
grocers a and druggists. -Oi PENN£.
SALTMFQ.OO. Also, Mfra. Lewis'
93f Powdered Lye, Philadelphia. ■ -

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