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VOLUME LXXVIII.— NO. 2.
FORTY-ONE RESCUED And More Survivors of the Colima May Be Found. MANY FLOAT ON RAFTS. Burial of Fourteen Bodies Washed Ashore at Coahuayana. CAUSES OF THE DISASTER. It Is Claimed That the Captain Lost Hl9 Presence of Mind When the Cargo Shifted. MANZANILLO, Mex., June 1 (via City of Mexico and Laredo). — It is now claimed that forty-one persons were saved from the wreck of the Colima. The statement Js current here that the disaster was due <o the captain losing his presence of mind «nd trying to turn ihe overloaded vessel in the trough of the sea. It is generally believed that the steam- Ship San Juan could have saved more of the unfortunate victims of the wreck if such haste in departing from the scene of tne disaster had not been made. The agents of the Pacific Mail here are 6trenuous in their denials of this state ment. They declare that the San Juan cruised about for ten hours near the scene of the disaster, seeking to rescue any sur vivors, and that all that humanity could do was done. They add that the kindest treatment was accorded the seventeen who were rescued and who are now on board the San Juan on their way to San Francisco. The steamer Barracouta is still cruising about in the hope that further survivors of the wreck may be rescued. Five persons were rescued at Maquila, where they still are. The steamer Mazat r lan was dispatched to bring them to some central point. A boat from the steamer which started for the shore was upset, and the crew with great difficulty reached land. The five persons rescued at Maquila and the six men of the steamer Mazatlan's boat which was upset will be brought here over land. Carriages have left Manzanillo for Waquila to bring them. Afarp' victims of the disaster are known to have floated out to sea on rafts, boards and wreckage from the Colima, and it is thought come of them may yet be rescued. Fourteen bodies which were washed ashore at Coatmayana have been buried. The hour of the wreck was 11 a. m. The «cene was twenty-four miles from the near est *hore. The captains of the schooners which weathered the storm, and who are now here, declare that overloading caused the wreck and that the Colima carried a top heavy cargo. It is generally believed that more sur vivors of the wreck will be heard from, aad that the work of rescue will result in the saving of additional lives. A number of those who have been saved Were severely injured by falling timbers during the wreck. They are being well cared for here and all of them so injured will recover. MANY THEORIES GIVEN Veteran Sailors Talk About the Causes of the Dis aster. Captain Merry Thinks That the Colima Had Run Out of Coal and Was Top Heavy. In local circles it was another day of theories as to the causes leading to the wreck of the Colima. Everywhere about town the subject was under discussion, end there is little apparent abatement in the interest manifested by all classes in this latest horror of the sea. Many homes are in mourning as a result of news already obtained, and from many quarters come requests for fuller details reiative to the t disaster. Nearly every one has a different theory D. B. Oriffitllv, First Officer. to advance as to the causes which led to the sinking of the ill-fated steamer. Even among those who possess an intimate knowledge of the Mexican coast, there is nothing like unanimity of opinion. "She went down in a hurricane," said Agent Avery of the Pacific Mail Company yesterday afternoon. "This is all we know. We have no more news than is contained in the newspapers, and are depending upon the press dispatches for our informa tion." "Nonßense," says J. F. Chapman, the veteran shipping commission merchant of g? California street, who by the way, Bailed The San Francisco Call. up and down this coast for years before Agent Ayery was born. "A hurricane on the Mexican coast in the month of May ! Who ever heard of such a thing? It is simply impossible. A man can safely cover the whole course in a canoe at this season. The winds come later." "She was top heavy," says Captain Wil liam Merry, another veteran who knows John Lianghorne, Second Officer. every foot of this coast. "Her coal was about exhausted. Taylor intended to coal the ship before reaching Manzanillo. It would not require much of a gale, you see. T^e captain probably tried to 'wear' ship, and failing, went down in the trough of the sea." • "An explosion of some kind blew out her bottom, and the natural result fol lowed," says Stevedore A. H. Herriman. "She carried a good deal of powder and in a manner expressly forbidden by law." "It is clear to me," says E. H. Winton, another stevedore, "that she broke some of her machinery. Not many years ago a White Star steamer came near going down from the cause which I have mentioned, within halt a mile of the place where the Colima is reported to have been lost. A hurricane is out of the question at this season of the year. No one has ever heard of such a thing." And thus they speculate as to the prob able cause of this accident, which was at tended with such frightful loss of life. All are agreed upon one thing, that is, that the steamer did not strike a reef or other obstruction. "This theory has been put in the back ground by the testimony of many whose knowledge of the coast i? accurate and trifet worthy. The conclusions, as to the depth of water where the ship went down are not so certain. Captain Merry puts the latitude at 18 deg. north and the longi tude at 104 deg. west, approximately, and assigns to this location a depth of about 300 fathoms. Others place the depth all the way from 130 to 750 fathoms. "Of one thing we may be sure," contin ues Captain Merry, "she struck nothing. There is not a reef for miles below Manza nillo. There can be no doubt that she was heavily laden, though I am not proposed to say that she was overloaded. That she was out of ballast may be set down as a self-evident truth. "It must have been the case, from what we know, not from hearsay or even reports from the seen* of the accident, but from our knowledge of the amount of coal the steamer carried. A top-heavy steamer of the Colima's proportions is a bad craft to handle in even a light wind. I have never heard of a heavy hurricane on this coast at this season of the year; still such a thing might occur. The rainy season there com mences about the middle of June, and is always accompanied by heavy winds. One thing is quite certain, the Colima did not SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 2, 1&95-TWENTY-SIX PAGES. QUEEN ANITA OF THE SANTA CRUZ WATER FETE AND SOME OF HER FAIR [Drawn from photographs.] go down as a direct result of a storm. This might have been a contributing cause, but when we know the whole story some other and more feasable reason will be shown." Richard Lambert, ex-Consul at Mazat lan and at one time agent of the Pacific Mail at that port, was seen by a Call rep resentative yesterday. In answer to an inquiry about the late disaster Mr. Lam bert said: "I do not see how I can throw any light upon the subject of this unfortunate calam ity. In five or six days the San Juan will arrive containing the passengers picked up at sea by Captain Pitts. From their state ments only may we arrive at a solution of this unusual, and I fear reprehensible, multi-homicide. "The rainy season don't commence down there until the middle of June, and the presence of a storm on that coast of Mex ico at this time seems to me to bear the impress of exaggeration to say the least. The period for those short but violent hurricanes, called Chuoascos, does not ocour until the latter part of the rainy season. "There is always a strong ground swell of more or less magnitude prevailing all along the Mexican and Central American coasts. There are only two harbors on the coast, Manzanillo and Acapulco; the other ports are open roadsteads, and this con tinual land swell renders the discharging and unloading of cargo while at anchor an exceedingly difficult task. In the absence of a violent storm, which, as I said before, is unprecedented at this season of the year— and I speak from nearly eight years' experience — the capsizal of a large, stanch, deep-water steamship like the Colima at sea in this season is wholly incomprehen sible to me. "It is barely possible that the eruption of the volcano at Colima and the reported adjoining seismic disturbances may have produced local atmospheric conditions similar to those produced by the methods employed to create rain artificially. In that event, however, I hardly think they would be Bevere enough to capsize the Colima, which has weathered many a Ole Hansen, Third Officer. winter storm much more violent than could possibly occur in the summertime on the Pacific Ocean in tropical latitudes. "One is instinctively constrained to look elsewhere for the proper solution of this new nautical enigma. It cannot easily be found in the vicinity of Manzanillo. "The great loss of life so far reported and the heavy insurance involved in this incident will doubtless stimulate searching investigation. About $90,000 of insurance from tbis port, added to ?100,0(X)' by the Messrs. Echegureu at Masatlan in one item alone, the other smaller amounts at Maz atlan, San Bias and Manzanillo, the lives of about 160 passengers, approximately speaking, and the vessel itself will take nearly a million of dollars out of the safe of the Pacific Mail Company, provided it can be shown that the primary cause of the E. D. Beardon, First Assistant Engi neer. accident lies at Second and Brannan streets, San Francisco. "The hasty and perfunctory method of loading these steamships is, and must be, an inexact problem. Through New York and European freights must necessarily be stowed in the lower or second hold accord ing to class, in order to make room for and conveniently handle the local freights car ried to and received at about twenty dif ferent ports between here and Panama. Bulky and heavy articles for intermediate ports are difficult of storage below, but exceedingly dangerous on the upper deck, to say nothing of the glaring inconvenience to passengers. "When aboard the steamships at Mazat lan it was always a query in mind why heavy bulky timbers and other classes of freight were piled on the upper deck when a schoolboy calculation of weight would disclose the fact that the vessel was top heavy and unsafe to encounter any con siderable stress of weather. "Captain Cavarly, the oldest and most efficient captain in the company and a gentleman of scholarly attainments, once positively refused to take some heavy ma chinery from Mazatlan. The reason he then gave, if my memory serves me, was that it would make his vessel topheavy and he dare not cross the Gulf of Tehuan tepec. "The habit of overloading and unwisely loading those steamships in order to show a large increase in net earnings may ope rate as an effective stimulant on the Wall street stock board, but the loss of the Oo lima more than cancels the gains thus made for a period of years. "Mr. Avery, the ticket clerk at the p^ cific Mail office, has had large practical ex perience on the coast as purser. His opin ions about the passenger probabilities are the most intelligent and accurate of any yet published. "If the passengers had proper notifica tion of the pending disaster instead of being kept in the dark until it was too late, and were enabled to embark on the boats and rafts, if they can remain on the boats or rafts or can find an inlet to enter and land, we may yet hear better news; but if they attempt a landing through the heavy surf, unless they • are very strong and good swimmers very few can get to the beach. There is a very powerful vinder tow to be encountered. "I still think that many will be found about Boca Apiza, unless an earlier fate was met. The boat containing Purser Wafer and party may yet be heard from. He was a wise and conservative person." Captain E. H. Win ton, in expressing him self more fully relative to the situation, said: "I know the Mexican coast better than I know the street on which I have lived for ten years. For over twenty years I sailed up and down the coast, and from the climatic conditions prevailing there I am positive that the Colima did not go down from the effects of a hurricane. You might as well talk about an equinoctial gale in the month of April as to assume that a storm would sweep the Mexican coast in the month of May. It is much more probable that the machinery gave out, and the ship being out of ballast r as she must have been, having only a little coal left, became unmanageable. "If she went down in the latitude and longitude mentioned in the dispatches, then she found about 200 fathoms of water. There are no reefs anywhere along this part of the coast, as every mariner knows. If something comes from this disaster that will compel the Pacific Mail Company to pay more heed to the law in the matter of storing their cargoes, then those who went down to a watery grave will not have died in vain. "It is a notorious fact that their ships are grossly mismanaged, and that there is an utter lack of discipline among the crews. I have never been in the employ of the Pa ciiic Mail, so what I say is not prompted by petty motives of spite. A company that had any regard for the lives of its pas sengers would not carry powder stored with general merchandise, and that is ex actly what the Pacific Mail Company has been doing for years. I have great regard for the abilities of Captain Taylor, the officer in command. He should not be held responsible for the lax discipline in vogue. "When the matter is cleared up lam John P. Ebbesen, Chief Engineer. convinced that the causes will be found entirely due to the gross negligence of the company." "It is difficult to say just what caused the disaster until the court of inquiry is heid," said Steuart Menzies. "Particularly is this true," he proceeded, ''with regard to the loading of the cargo. I would not like to say whether the vessel was over loaded or not, because that no one knows except those immediately concerned with the loading of the cargo, though on two points I am willing to express my opinion freely." "What are those two points?" was asked. "The first is that the captain did not seem to know what to do in the hour of emergency. His ship was in the trough of the sea and for some mysterious cause was unmanageable. He should have put out his storm anchor and brought his ship's head up to the wind." "Will you kindly explain what a storm Dr. William Thomas Kirby. anchor is for the benefit of those not versed in nautical parlance?" Mr. Menzies was asked. "Yes, that's so. I do not suppose the term would be intelligible to the dwellers on land. A storm anchor generally con sists of an old spar with a triangular piece of sail attached to it with a heavy weight in turn fastened on to the lower angle of the sail. The whole thing is then thrown over the bow, and has the effect of bring ing the vessel's bow into the wind. Some times the steering gear or some portion of the machinery gets out of order, and with out the storm anchor it is impossible to get the ship out of the trough of the waves, and she is at the mercy of the wind and rocks if there be any near. That is the first point. It seems hard to criticize the acts of a dead man who died at his post, but I am speaking of the accident from a nautical and practical viewpoint. The second count against the management of the ship, as the lawyers say, concerns the breaking of the seas over her. "The captain should have put the crew and the passengers to work if necessary in tapping the tanks and spilling all the oil overooard. That would have prevented the seas from breaking over her. And, again, if the cargo had become shifted or was too heavy he should have tumbled as much as possible of it into the sea." "Do you think the shifting of the cargo was due to the overloading or unskilled loading of the ship?" was asked. "It might, though, as I said, that is a hard thing to determine until the court of inquiry has put the question to the surviv ing members of the crew. As a rule, though, in such weather as they have in those waters at this season of the year the shifting of a ship's cargo might be thought to be due to improper loading. I under stand she carried considerable lumber, and the shifting of that very likely had much to do with hampering the movements of passengers and crew in the hour of extreme peril. "But after all has been said, are we any nearer the solution of the causes which led to the terrible disaster than we were be- Continued on Fourth JPaae, PRICE FIVE CEXTS. SANTA CRUZ'S QUEEN. Miss Anita Gonzales Will Rule Over the Water Carnival. RESULT OF THE VOTING She Wins by a Heavy Plurality* the Contest for the Floral Throne. THOUSANDS OF BALLOTS CAST. Friends of the Beauties Work Strenuously for Their Favorites. SANTA CRUZ, Cal., June 2. — The merry war of Santa Cruz beauties is at an end, and Miss Anita Gonzales has been chosen to preside over the Venetian water fete. Though this beautiful Santa Barbara maid has been in the lead from the begin ning of the contest, it has not lessened the interest in the voting, and at no time until the ballots were counted after the polls closed at midnight was the success of any of the rivals assured. Thousands of white slips were deposited in«the ballot-box to-day. Yesterday Miss Gonzales had received but 1200 votes, whereas to-night she has 5499 to her credit. This shows the interest displayed during the closing hours. I, The counting of all the ballots will not be concluded before morning. A grand entertainment was given this evening by the East Santa Cruz Auxiliary for the benefit of the carnival at Lodtman'a Hall. The hall was packed, and each number on the programme was heartily applauded. After the entertainment refreshments were served, and the evening's entertain ment closed with a social dance. The affair was not only a social but a iinancial success. The electrical illuminations, as far as completed, were tested to-night under S uperintendent Lilly. The people who witnessed the spectacle had a faint insight into the grandeur and magn ificence of what the carnival will be. At present about 1750 incandescent lights are in place. They are strung from tall masts in the bed of the river to smaller poles on the bank, and there also is a large circular belt of lights around each pole. Hun dreds of lights are yet to be added. Street Commissioner George Pratchner has a force of fifteen men at work on the dam at the mouth of the San Lorenzo River, besides the seven prisoners from the County Jail under Deputy Sheriff Cap latzi. who have filled the thousands of sacks, mostly the gifts of the school SCROFULAJ2 YEARS Always Sore. Face Burned Like Fire* Ashamed to be Seen. Four ' - Doctors but Little Benefit. Cured by CUTICURA. For about ten or twelve years I have been troubled with scrofula. My head was always sore, my face was dry and scaly, and burned like fire most of the time. 'My fbody had big red spots on it, and I did not know what to do. I went to four different doctors and they helped me at first. In the fall I got worse again; then I tried other remedies, but they did me no good. I was ashamed to 'go into public. I was a sight to look at. Every one would say, " What is the mat- ter, why don't you take some- ... _,_ j, thing? 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