Newspaper Page Text
CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE, Editor and Proprietor. SUBSCRIPTION RATES-Postage Free : Daily and Sunday i'ai.i., one week, by carrier. $0.15 I ally and Sunday Call, one year, by mail... 6.00 1 ail- and Sunday Call, six months, by mail 3.00 Daily and Sunday Call, three months, by mall 1.50 Daily and Sunday Call, one month, by mail .50 Sunday Call, one year, by mail 1.50 •Weekly Call, one year, by mail 1.50 BUSINESS OFFICE : 710 Market Street. Telephone .^y Main-1868 EDITORIAL ROOMS: 617 Clay Street. Telephone ..Maln-1874 BRANCH OFFICES: 530 Montgomery street, corner Clay: open until 0:30 o'clock. 389 Haves street : open until 9:30 o'clock. 717 I.arkin street: open until 9:3ow'clock. SW. corner Sixteenth and Mission streets; open until 9 o'clock. 2518 Mission street; open until 9 o'clock. 116 IS' inth street; open until 9:30 o'clock. OAKLAND OFFICE: 908 Broadway. EASTERN OFFICE: Pacific States Advertising Bureau, Bhlnelander building, Bose and Duane streets, Ntw York City. THE SUMMER MONTHS. Are you going to the country on a vacation ? If to, it is no trouble for us to forward THE CALL to 5 cur address. Do not let it miss you for you will miss it. Orders given to the carrier, or left at Business Office, 710 Market street, will receive prompt attention. MONDAY JULY 8, 1895 THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL. The holiday season, flies. Remember home-made goods to-day. Trade will soon be picking up for the fall. ♦— — ' Keep your eye on the lottery game and your hands off it. Enterprise in California no longer takes the shape of booms. A good honest home market will make industry begin to hum. The sumrccr thus far has well fulfilled the promise of the spring. San Francisco ought to hold a civic fes tival just to celebrate her harmony. As Dunraven says he is satisfied with his new yacht, we have no right to kick. The Monroe doctrine fits the Nicaragua Canal project as if it were made to order. The more hopeless the prospects of Pemocracy become, the brighter grow those of the country. If you intend to maKe a living out of California you should reciprocate by help ing her industries. Don't forget that the State Fair is com ing and every producer ought to meet it With a good exhibit. The delightful climate of Napa makes it surprising that even the inmates of its jail should try to escape. The Southern Pacific Railroad has its spurs in the park and evidently intends to ride it for all it is worth. The desertion of the bay is a pleasing consideration in view of the fact that all the ships are away bearing abroad the products of the State. The farmer's wife can help solve the tramp problem by giving preference to California-made articles when she goes shopping at the village store. If we buy goods made in our neighbor's factory we put him in a position to do likewise by the home institution which we manage and which gives us sustenance. If all State commissions were as ener getic and earnest as the Bureau of High way?, the ancient demand for "rotation in office" would have fewer promulgators. The discovery of lubricating petroleum at Pleasanton is another of those delight ful suronses which a study of the natural resources of the State is constantly bring ing. Instead of buying another lottery ticket let the dupe of the lottery fraud invest the money in some table dainty of home manufacture and see how much more satis faction there is in it. The frightful cyclones and cloudbursts that are destroying life and property in the East remind us forcibly that we are living in California and the people of the East that they are not. In substituting molasses for tar in the time-honored tar-and-feathers form of ex pressing a personal dislike the whitecaps of Canterbury, N. H., have made a distinct advance in civilization. The generosity with r which The Call's exchanges praise its enterprise in increas ing its pressroom facilities and extending its telegraph service shows what the best of all possible newspaper critics think of ns. It is a singular fact, which may yet lead to international complications, that the first victim of the new Mexican law author izing peace officers to execute highway robbers without trial was an American citizen. Every workman, mechanic or artisan employed in an industrial establishment in this State should be loyal enough to his fellow-workman to purchase only home made goods for his own use whenever it is possible to do so. American railways are not equal to the possibilities of American engineering simply because the earnings are used up in paying dividends on watered stock instead of having a surplus to be employed in im proving the roads. In view of the fact that the Republican National Committee is to decide next De cember on the place for holding the Na tional convention, it is time that all the states west of the Rocky Mountains were organizing a fight in favor of San Fran cisco. What more forcibly illustrates the folly of the habit of buying Eastern articles than the shipment here of a carload of step-ladders from Michigan ? With all the various cheap woods and idle carpenters on the coast it would seem that the neces sity for the importation of step-ladders might be overcome. The Arabic saying that all who have sought Allah have already found him is applicable to the Fresno committee, which will start to-morrow to raise $50,000 or $70, --000 for the Valley road, for its assurance that the amount will be quickly raised ought to mean that it is only waiting for them to call for it- WONDERFUL AUDACITY. The coolness with which the majority of the Board of Supervisors violates the law in a manner that leaves no room for a charitable belief in its incompetency is one of those spectacles which make the visiting subjects of the better-governed cities of Europe marvel. In this country, where there is practically no accountability ex cept to the people as a mass, it is clear that the possibilities of our scheme of govern ment are not properly developed until tiie possible rascality of officers receive as mucli attention as their possible patriot ism and fidelity. Here in San Francisco we have a condi tion against which it will be extremely difficult for the progressive agencies to ex ercise an adequate countervailing influ ence. The Board of Supervisors can do harm which will counteract the efforts of the Half Million Club, the Manufacturers' and Producers' Association and all the other similar bodies combined. Thus, while there is an active sympathy for these organizations, there is no effort to check the one audacious agency which is undo ing their work. Even the elements of shame and secrecy are wanting, and not one intelligent man or woman in the City has the least doubt of the motives which inspire the board. The facts of the con test between the Market-street Company and Behrend Joost fox a street railway franchise out the Ingleside way, to reach the new race-track, may be set in array, thus: The board refuses to obey the law by offering the franchise to the highest bid der. It violates the law by regarding the franchise as an "extension" instead of a new matter, and proposes to sell the "ex tension" privilege forssoo to the company of its choice, thus shutting out the compe tition in bidding which the law requires and accepting an amount which the law does not authorize. It refused a franchise to liehrend Joost over the Ocean road for the reason that a railway would "spoil the drive," but pro poses to give it to the Market-street Com pany. When, thereupon, Mr. Joost asked for a franchise over another route to the same destination it was refused him because there was no assurance that he could se cure a franchise over Mr. Sutro's inter vening land, when there is good reason to believe that he could have secured it, and when that has nothing to do with the matter at all and is no reason whatever for the refusal. As the antagonism between Mr. Sutro and the Southern Pacific makes it impos sible for the Market-street Company to se cure a right of way through his land, not only was there a stronger reason, if any ;it all, for refusing that company the fran chise on that ground, but there was all the less reason to sacrifice the Ocean road to the Market-street Company when there was every reason to believe that Mr. Joost could have got the road through without it. Believing that the Mayor, in view of these gross perversions and violations of the law, would refuse to approve an ordi nance granting the Market-street Com pany a franchise under these circum stances, the board proposes to put the job through by resolution, thus hoping to cir cumvent the Mayor's opposing veto power. Mr. Joost hints that he could have se cured the privilege had he bribed the Supervisors, and leaves the impression that bribery was resorted to in order to secure it. This is merely his assertion. That is a very disheartening array. It seems incredible that the sense of the community will permit these acts to go unpunished and that the privilege which they grant will be allowed to stand. A RECEDING EVIL. While it is gratifying to learn from Chief Crowley that "since The Call's crusade against the lottery traffic began the sale of tickets has fallen off 50 per cent in this City," we are as yet unable to say that the evil has been suppressed. Chief Crowley explains the partial reform by saying that The Call has awakened self-respect and a regard for the laws, but that the greater effect has been produced by The Call's ex posure of the swindling operations of these outlawed concerns. An excellent point made by the Chief is in these words: "Now, if the other daily papers would only follow The Call's example in this matter, or at least refrain from advertising these illegal fake lotteries, we could get the busi ness under our heel in this City." He adds: "If The Call will only keep up its fight a little longer I am in great hopes that every intelligent man and woman in the City will soon become aware of the fact that the best lottery ticket ever sold in this City is a very questionable coupon, to say the very least, and that nine-tenths of all the other tickets are p>alpable, transparent frauds." If the efforts of one paper have proved so beneficent, it is easy to imagine what the combined efforts of all the dailies might accomplish. Regarding the mutter from a strictly business point of view, without reference to its moral side, the newspapers which advertise the lotteries and induce their readers to buy tickets are depriving the community and themselves of a considerable amount of money. We put it in this light in order to appeal directly to that manifest sense which in duces the other papers to encourage the swindles. This can be only the desire to secure the money which the lottery com panies so generously spend on newspapers which support them. The Call is in a position to make just as much money as any of them out of the lotteries, and its prosperity in spite of the fact that it re frains from doing so, seems to prove that lottery money (which is only a species of bribery) is not necessarily essential to a newspapers success. We give the conduct of our contempora ries in this matter so much prominence for the evident reason that without their support the lotteries could do but very little business, and that newspaper sup port is the leading factor in their suc cessful operation. Cupidity is naturally aroused by these fraudulent announce- ments of fabulous prizes won, and so the evil thrives. Such advertising will have to be stopped sooner or later, unless news paper influence prove sufficiently strong to prevent the enactment of a law to suj) prcss the evil, and it would certainly be more graceful and dignified for our con temporaries to abandon their practice before being forced through fear of tines and imprisonment to do so. GEAND JURY EEPOETS. Until Judge Sanderson pointed out the fact nobody seemed to reflect that there is no law either requiring or authorizing grand juries to make such reports as have been customary. "The law," says the Judge, "contemplates action by that body and not the expression of opinion. If pub lic officials ha<i been guilty of offenses cog nizable by the Grand Jury, it should pro ceed against them by indictment or pre santment in the manner prescribed by law, and not by the filing of a report cen suring them, nor, for that matter, prais ing them." Judge Sanderson thus shows not only THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, JULY 8, 1895. his own good sense, but the wisdom of the law. It is presumed that every public of ficer does his duty. If he is found neglect ing or betraying it, he should be punished, and the law directs the Grand Jury to pro ceed to that end. It has been the custom for grand juries to make elaborate reports on the condition and conduct of the County institutions, to give praise where it is due and to point out shortcomings that were not sufficiently grave to warrant action to oust or punish. It has been presumed that the public had a right to this infor mation and that the moral effect of the re port was beneficial. At any event, while the law docs not authorize such reports, they have been accepted as proper. Now and then, however, a Grand Jury grossly abuses the privilege of the custom, and in doing so works grievous wrongs for which there is no redress. An instance of this was the recent report of our Grand Jury on the Supreme Court, which Chief Justice Beatty exposad for its unfounded statement^ It was shown by him that the jury had made no investigation what ever into the subject matter of its charges, and hence that this part of the report had no value. The natural presumption is that all the rest of the report was as care lessly made. It was this outrage that has opened the eyes of the public to the abuse of power and privilege on the part of grand juries, and Judge Sanderson has dropped a hint that may prove of service to the Judges of the Superior Court in future. In the case of the report to which we have referred the Judge was not aware of its character until it had been filed and made a part of Ihe public records. It is so in all cases. Even if the custom of riling reports be not abandoned it would certainly be well for Judges hereafter to scrutinize them before permitting them to go on tile and to exercise discretion with regard to accepting them, otherwise they cannot claim exemi.tion from participation in the wrongs which the reports are likely to in flict. THE RAILS ARRIVE. There is a cause for general rejoicing in the fact that the steamship Washtenaw ar rived in port yesterday with 2000 tons of rails, spikes, fishbars and bolts for the San Francisco and San Joaquin Valley Rail road. The vessel was greatly delayed by stormy weather at Cape Horn, and at one time her loss was reported. But she is now safe and sound in port with her precious cargo, which will be at once for warded to Stockton. This is the first con signment under the contract by which the Valley road is to receive a similar cargo of iron every month. The ships to follow wiil bring the material as it will be needed for construction purposes. Already there have been sent to Stock ton two schooner loads of ties which ar rived in this City from the northern coast. Bridge timbers are in preparation for minor bridges, and the contract has been let for the steel bridge over the Stanislaus River. Everything, therefore, is in readiness for beginning at once the work of actual con struction. Meanwhile, the company's surveying parties are at work in the valley and rights of way are being rapidly secured. The first spike will be driven in a few days, and that will be one of the most important events in the history of the State. It will mean the beginning of a movement to de liver California from a bondage which has operated so effectively against her progress and development, and will be an invitation to public-spirited citizens to show their pride in the State and their wilJingness to advance her interests and their own. AN ADVERTISING IDEA. At a meeting of the Santa Clara County Board of Trade the other day Mr. Stevens reported a novel scheme for advertising, which had produced most excellent re- BUlts; and as it is BO sensible and simple it ought to serve as a suggestion. He said that he had sent some dried fruit to his brother in Vermont, who had distributed it through the interior towns of the State, with the result that a demand had been created and a market secured for a good part of Mr. Stevens' crop. It happened in this case that the grower had a brother, an advantage which all growers do not enjoy; but the essential fact is that a simple distribution of sam pies of the fruit informed the people of its superior quality and induced them to order it for their use. Something like this was done by the Southern Pacific when it sent out its train called "'California on Wheels," but the main object of that enterprise was to induce people to settle in the State by showing them the superb quality of our products. It requires a great deal more money to move to California than to buy what it produces, and hence the task of the Southern Pacific, though expensive and praiseworthy, bore small results. California should never lose sight of the fact that the finding of a market for our products is the first and most essential factor in the prosperity and development of the State. On that proposition and the one of profit hanging upon it, depend the strongest arguments for the growth of the State by an increase of its population. In spite of the fact that the growers have ac complished wonders already in this direc tion, and are now selling fruit in the East in sufficient quantities to make sure of a profit, they have as yet reached but an ex ceedingly small proportion of the con sumers and have not sufficiently educated those whose territory they have invaded. The simple action of the San ia Clara grower carries a whole volume of sug gestion. Every grower has some friend or can secure some reliable agent to do just as the Santa Clara grower's brother did, and thus secure a market for his own pro ducts. Some of the best profits in the State have been made by building up a private clientele. A few winemakers par ticularly never place their products on the open markst, but have worked up a pri vate trade that relieves them from all anx iety and secures them a larger' price than could be otherwise found. The work need not be confined to individuals, but might be prosecuted by companies, societies and unions to an indefinite extent, and the beauty of the system is that in the case particularly of our non-perishable products the remotest corners of the country could be profitably reached. A BEITISH OPINION. Alfred Ross Colquhoun, the well-known explorer and lirst Governor of Mashona land, who has just returned to London after making an inspection of the Nicara gua and Panama canal routes, has, in a recent interview, confirmed the hopes of those who have had the most sanguine ex pectations of the Nicaragua project. Mr. Colquhoun says the Nicaragua route is, from our engineering point of view, a fine one. Of the 189^ mile;?, total length from Greytown on the Atlantic to Brito on the Pacific, the river ways and easily constructed basins will form a total dis tance of 142^ miles, in which ships can travel with little or no restriction. Thus there will be only twenty-six and three quarters miles of actual dig-zing to be done. These statements in a certain sense are not news, for the facts relating to the pro posed route have been repeatedly pub lished, but it must be remembered there was sufficient doubt raised on the subject in the last Congress to induce the Govern ment to appoint a commission to make an inspection of the route to satisfy Congress of the advisability of passing the canal bill. The commission is now in Nicaragua. Mr. Colquhoun, while there, met the mem bers of it and speaks of them very highly. It would seem that he must have drawn his information largely from the sources whence they will obtain theirs, and it is likely therefore that the report of the com mission will be about as favorable as that Which Mr. Colquhoun has made public. Of the benefits to be derived from the canal the British investigator has no doubts. The climate of Nicaragua he found to be healthful, pleasant and fit to enable a European to work during the hot test season of the year. The canal, when completed, will be, he says, universally greater than the Suez canal and will largely revolutionize the shipping routes of the world. The Southern States and the Pa cific will, in his judgment, derive the most profit from it, but all the great region of the Mississippi will be benefited. The greatest interest in this report from a competent expert is the promise it gives of a favorable report from the Government commission to Congress. Public opinion is ready to support the Government in un dertaking the great work, and as Congress is now in the hands of the Republican party— always favorable to American de velopment and progress — we may reason ably look forward to the passage of the canal bill next winter, and after that the prompt prosecution of the vast enterprise to completion. PERSONAL. Mr. nnd Mrs. O. P. Grillin Jr.. of Merced, are at the (irand. Commander J. J. Read of the Olympla is at the Occidental. 11. Hirschfi-ld, a capitalist of Bakersfield, is a guest at the Lick. A . B. Glasscock of Yosemite Valley is a guest at the Occidental. S. F. Wiles, a mining man of Hermosillo, Mexico, is at the Russ. S. G. King, a merchant of Marysville, regis tered yesterday at the Grand. J. 11. Martin, a stockman from Woodland, was one of yesterday's arrivals at the Boas, Thomas R. Vernon, editor of the Delaware County American, published at Media, Pa., is here. William F. Coffman, proprietor of the Yo seinite stage line, registered yesterday at tho Lick. If. Jevne, a merchant of Los Angeles, and Mrs- Jevne registered yesterday at the Occi dental. Adjutant-General Barrett came down from Sacramento yesterday, and is at the Cali fornia. N. B. Wiley, ex-Governor of Idaho, who has been staying in town several days, left for home yesterday. E. D. McCabe, the Governor's private secre tary, came to town with his chief yesterday and put up at the California. George L. Arnold of Los Angeles, a member of the State Board of Equalization, was one of yesterday's arrivals at the Lick. Jesse M. Baker, a State Senator of Pennsyl vania and a resident of Media, was one of yes terday's arrivals at the Occidental. Alfred Daggett, an attorney of Fresno, who was a candidate on the Populist ticket for member of the Supreme bench last fall, is at the Lick. Captain E. W. Holmes of the steamer Wash tenaw, which came into port yesterday with a load of rails for the Valley railroad, registered at the Lick. Commander George W.. Pieman of the navy arrived here yesterday and registered at the Occidental. He sails for the Hawaiian Islands on the Australia on the 9th to relieve Com mander Thomas of the Bennington. H. \V. Van Sendcn, private secretary to the Secretary of the Treasury, and Mrs. Van Benden, arrived here yesterday from Wnsh ington, and are staying at the Palace. Mr. Yn:i Benden has come out to join Mr. Wilder of the Treasury Department, who has been here some days, making the annual count of bullion at the Mint. MEN AND WOMEN. Experts value Mrs. Langtry's jewels at over $830,000. Mitrnon, the eight-year-old daughter of Mme. Emma Nevada, is said to have a wonderful voice and to be a marvelous dancer. Queen Victoria detests the odor of tobacco and smoking is therefore forbidden at Windsor Castle, Balmoral and at Osborne. Lillian Russell, who is spending the summer on Long Icland, has rented a yacht named Take Me. According to the matrimonial record, Lilliau has already been "taken" pretty often. Rev. Father Field, a young Oxford-bred ritualistic' clergyman, is devoting his life to work in the negro shims of Boston. He is going to celebrate his birthday, July 10, dy giving a gigantic picnic to the colored children of Boston. J. Sterling Morton is the most approachable member of the Cleveland Cabinet, just as his predecessor in the agricultural department was the most approachable of Harrison's Secre taries. Morton likes to talk and is also a good listener, caring little with whom he carries on a conversation. King Oscar is said to be the only European monarch who possesses the ideal kingly dig nity. He is a very tall and handsome man, with graceful and easy carriage, a striking courtliness of manner and possesses a most im pressive appearance of dignity. People call Rev. Dr. F. E. Clark, who orig inated the Christian Endeavor movement, "Father Endeavor" Clark, greatly to his dis gust, for it gives people the impression that he is an old and withered patriarch, while as a matter of fact he is only 41 and is in the prime of his strength and vigor. The late Lord Alcester of the British navy was noted for the scrupulous care and neatness with which he dressed. In later years he was known as "the ocean swell." So punctilious was he about uniform regulations that on one occasion he chased along the whole length of the Strada Reale, at Valetta, a luckless mid shipman who was smoking in the streets in uniform. SAID IN REPARTEE. "Oh, my!" cried the woman who was reading the paper. "Here's the ship Golden Eagle ar rives at New York from Africa and they find several large makes in her hold. How strange." "I'd like to know what you'd expect," re torted the president of the temperance so ciety. "Isn't that the ship that sailed for Africa last season with a cargo of rum?"— New York Kecorder. "Did you hear that the daughter of the late Hon. Friend toall, one of the founders of this town, is suffering for the necessaries of life? The people ought to subscribe a fund for her support." "Well, that's too bad, but the town has just built a $10,000 monument to her father. I should think that ought to satisfy her." — Buf falo Express. •'I am very much afraid that Van Daub is never going to make a success of painting." "Why?" "None of his brother artists have any but the kindest things to say about him. They don't seem to be a bit envious."— Washington Star. "Hello, Jones, buying a bicycle?" "Yes." "But you're not going to ride it, are you?" "Oh, no, I merely wanted the earth, and I bought the easiest way to get it was to owu a >icycle."— Detroit Tribune. She— Don't you think my new hat is aspretty as a picture? He— Oh, no; the hat is a pretty frame for the more beautiful picture that goes with it.— New York Tribune. LOVE, LABOR AND NOVELS A Brave Japanese Student Who Is Making and Writ ing Romance. GLIMPSES OF HIS NEW BOOK. Shigal Morikubo Spurns Family and Wealth for His Lovo and His Ambition. San Francisco is full of Japanese stu dents, and many of them are bright and promising, but not one of them is as inter esting as young Shigal Morikubo. Morikubo has a romantic personal his tory and, what is more interesting, he is writing novels portraying Japanese life mixed up with the American style of ex istence. Morikubo is a high-born little fellow who is fighting with desperate resolve a hard way toward fame and he is in love with a pretty and cultured young American girl who makes every minute of his life a season of rapture and a spur to high ambition. This is part of the story of Shigal Mori kubo. He was born in a valley ten miles SHIGAL. MARIKUBO, THE AMBITIOUS YOUNG JAPANESE AUTHOR. [Drawn from a photograph.] from Tokio, twenty years ago. His father was the Isanoshi or chief officer of the Mula of Takahata, a political division of the Province of Kanagawa. The family had held the hereditary office for genera tions and his grandfather attained some I eminence as a writer during the time of i "old Japan." His father died when Shignl wus 3 years old. Morikubo says that when he was study ing geography in a country school in the valley where lie was born he looked on the map of America. He was 11 years old and made up his mind that he was going to see America because its shape, was so funny. When he was 15 he knew more and had better reasons for running away from home and coming here. His family sent him money for two years and then stopped. Then he went to work as a ser vant. A few months ago his family heard that he was going to marry an American girl, ana to save family disgrace acquaintances h^re were sent to him with pictures of fine houses and horses which he might enjoy if he would come home and behave himself, but he laughed at them and was cast off as a hopeless rene gade. When Shigal Morikubo came to San Francisco at IS years of age he knew very little English and went to a Japanese Mis sion School for two months. Then he went to a public Grammar School, but the teacher's appreciation of his presence jarred his sensitive soul, and after two weeks he quit. Since then he has acquired his knowledge of English almost solely by his own private studies, except for six months' tuition under Professor F. H. Hackett. He has carefully read Shakes- Keare, Irving, Hawthorne, Longfellow, tacaulay and other English authors. He speaks and writes the English language with more grammatical correctness than the average half-educated American, but with that odd lack of idiomatic mastery of English that is peculiar to the Japanese who study the language. For a long time he had long hours of work after he began his iirst novel, but he set for himself the daily and nightly task of writing 600 words. Morikubo* s iirst long novel was finished four or live months ago. When he got it done he was consumed with the idea that it would be published and bring him money to go to a university. His disap pointment was a bitter dose, but he has just begun another. He takes paper to the kitchen of kind Mrs. Miller on Devisa dero street, where he is a servant, and dashes off page after page during live and ten minute spells. The completed first novel is crude, gen- ( orally commonplace, and the manuscript is entertaining largely because of the odd use of English, but a hasty glance through the immense stock of manuscript reveals , an astonishing abundance of incident, in vention and almost wild imagination, to gether with flashes of originality and genius that make one pause and wonder. It opens thus: Upon the pleasant shore of a river, under a weepinu vriilow casting a quivering shade on the blue waters, stood a cottage. Within it was seated before the lire, rendering all around sweet and serene, the family. Father, mother and Shigal, the son, and Taki, the daughter, the latter two destined to do and feel wonderful things, are there. The rumored war with China till the four hearts with patriotic flame. Quickly come two vil lains to the humble home, one of whom de clares, "My master demands your daughter to be his." There are noble words and noble acts, and then in the second chapter is a glimpse of a noble but outcast follower of the late tyrant, Shogun, whose dynasty was overthrown in the last civil war. This valiant Kato, true to the fallen dynasty, dwells amid rocks near the "dews of Veno, where the last hope of the tyrant was crushed." All this makes a magnificent start for a novel of Japanese life. Shigal and Taki go forth from home to save their own and the hnmble family's horor. In his preface Morikubo explains that "to write in this foreign toneue is almost frantic," and that he has got friends to "mend sentences" for him, so that most of hia work is '•mended" somewhat in phraseology. He is often entertaining from the very fertility of his imagination. There are things in this story, which is named "Transient Tears," that would seem commonplace at their best on pages written by some men, but which are at least surprising when found in the manu script of an untutored Japanese boy. Scat tered through the pages, that of course are but the monument to raise boyish hopes, are such things as these: Strange is the human conception that in it they make Light dark and Dark darker. Error begins its start at curiocity and ends in illu sion. While no one can see in the dark every one would step into it and after a fruitless search they return and pretend that they had seen something. This is called philosophy and religion. A Japanese proverb says: Even the rustling of the sleeves has some consequence, so our incidental conversation with strangers brings us warm friends and cold enmity. Poverty ana hunger are ever life's concomi tants, sighed the fisherman. The blood is ever so cheap an.l the bread «> dear. In hardihood and in poverty I struggle my way to the River of all good. Advices are better to the ear as medicine is to the tongue. She trembled from limb to limb. Virtue is indeed like the sun to rejoice the heart. My conscience smarts me. Sinners, mother, are long-lived, and so I can not die. "Transient Tears' is chuck full of death, love, joy, tragedy, and brings in beggars, Buddhist priests, Buddhist tem ples, a "Catholic temple," the Salvation Army, beggars, a rich Jewess, refuge in a convent, a footsore, distracted girl in a graveyard on a moonlight night, weeping willows, murders in temples and a few score more of just such things, and if Shigal Morikubo keeps practicing that way a few years more he may some day see his name printed after "By" on a title-page. It won't be his fault if he does not. But he is in an awful hurry to sell a book and get money. One of the works that he has planned is a history of Japan for English people. Poor Morikubo's energy and ambition are marvelous, and maybe some day he will take with him to Japan the white skinned girl who has intoxicated him, drive those fine horses at home, and be a nice novel himself. UP-TO-DATE IDEAS. A novel street-sweeping machine was put into actual work last Monday night, says the Philadelphia Times. It is called the Philadelphia Sweeper. The decided novelties of the machine are that it THE PHILADELPHIA SWEEFEK. carries its own sprinkler— the rear part of the tank holding water; that instead of sprinkling the street in order to keep the dust down the revolving brush is kept dampened all tha time, thus avoiding the mud and water on the streets necessary in the old methods; and the most important of all that the dirt taken up is thrown directly upon the endless carrier, which takes it up and empties it into the tank composing the front of the machine. This tank is removable, and when filled is lifted out and an empty one substituted, while the filled one is carted away, dispensing with all shovel ing and dust. The machine weighs but 1300 pounds, and in its trials has demonstrated its merits in a way very gratifying to those inter ested. The difference in valuation of property at the last census was very remarkable. In some States the assessment was no more than 2o percent of the real value of the property, while in other cases it is believed to have been as high as the selling price. In 1380, according to the returns of the tenth census, the United States was the wealthiest of all nations, Great Britain be ing second ; and there is no doubt that the last fifteen years have greatly widened the gap between us and the English. \ \ _■ ■ . I O \J r\ The pieces of furniture which surround you in your home— these are your constant A-\IVT OT« A XT»-t^ companions. You abide with them; they V-/U IN bTANT are continuously in your sight. If they be artistic and refined in style your home is r>/~\li.im A »tt^»»^ made attractive - y° ur life pleasanter. We PAN lONS sell artistically designed, well made and properly finished furniture at really low • prices. We don't want you to THINK so, / we want you TO REALLY KNOW it— you y must see it to do that. / Carpets . Rugs . Mattings y CALIFORNIA / FURNITURE COHPANY / (N. P. Cole* Co.) / 117-123 Geary Street A HELP FOR GOOD ROADS. Cheap Crushed Rock From Folsom Will Encourage — Improvements. WHAT A. B. MAGUIRE THINKS. State Rock Should Not Compete Unfavorably With Labor San Francisco. The announcement in the dispatches yesterday that the rates offered by the Southern Pacific for the transportation of crushed rock from Folsom to San Fran cisco had been approved by the Governor and the State Prison Directors, and that the rock-crushing plant at the prison would be erected immediately, was re ceived by the good roads enthusiasts of tbis city with much satisfaction. "It means," said one of them yesterday afternoon, "that the expense of street im provements will be materially lessened. At present the cost of rock for street im provement purposes is about $4 a ton. Under the rates quoted for the Folsom rock it will cost laid down in this City not over $ I 05 a ton, and that allows 85 cents for hauling and 20 cents for the cost of getting it out at the prison. "There may be some opposition to the use of the rock on the ground that it is crushed by convict labor, but I do not think such opposition would be well founded. "While a few men now engaged in crushing rock may find themselves out of employment, the increased amount of road work due to the decreased cost will far more than counteract any ill effect." A. B. Maguire, who is one of the most enthusiastic men in the City on the subject of good roads and street paving, and to) whose advocacy and tact is largely due the organization o"f the entire south side in favor of the bituminizing of Folsom street, said: I have always been in favor of macadamizing streets where any better pavement could not be provided, and it hardly matters from what source the crushed rock comes, so long as our local quarries are given plenty to do. Of course, there are objections to macadamized streets in a large city, owing to their dusty condition in summer and their muddy state in winter. There are some roads which might well be paved with crushed rock all the way out to the county limits, such as the San Bruno and Mis sion roads and San Jose avenue. They have some macadam on them now, but are full of holes and very uneven. Now, if these great arteries to the southward could be put into first-class condition, like Point Lobos avenue is, with little expense to the City, it would be a grand thing. The only objection I have to the crushed rock from Folsom is that I fear it might oper ate unfavorably against our local quarries. We all want good roads, but we do not want the bread taken out of the mouths of our own ■\Yorkingmen. This, however, I think could be easily com promibed. Let the Board of Supervisors give the preference for the inside streets to our local quarries, and then, after taking care of them, spend a few thousand dollars to good ad vantage by using the crushed rock from Fol som on the main roads runing southward, which the City could not probably put into proper shape by any other arrangement. You understand my position? It is that San Francisco by all means should have good roads and streets. The tax levy will, however, be fixed at a certain limit. That will allow just so much and no more for street improvements. Well, this appropriation should be so used as to get the best returns without allowing State labor to compete unfavorably against our own labor. I think a small portion of the appropriation could be applied to advantage in using some of the Folsom crushed rock on the main roart% running southward to put them in good condl-T tion — a condition that could not be produced perhaps, by any other method. The fact of the matter is the City ought to have a big crushing machine of its own to con-c vert all the old, worn-out basalt blocks and dis- * carded cobbles into splendid macadam. You know that I am interested just now in only one thing, and that is the bituminizini? of Folsom street from the wharf to Tweiuy nintli street. The only thing 1 care to say mr some of the other streets whose need of* im provement is imperative is that if the City can not afford to pave them with bitumen or basalt blocks the best thing it could do would be to properly macadamize them like the roads in Golden Gate Park. To macadamize them would cost about a tenth what it would to lay basalt blocks. When it comes to properly paving the streets, I would say that if the Board of Supervisors fovors concrete foundations in the future for its pavements, then bitumen is from 5 to 7 cents per square foot cheaper than basalt blocks and infinitely superior to it for ail pur poses as a street pavement. George D. Cooper, who was formerly treasurer of the Merchants' Association, expressed himself as well pleased with the proposed innovation. "I favor good roads, and" everything that tends to improve the condition of the roads meets with my ap proval," said he. "The present matter will not. however in my opinion, affect San Francisco so di rectly as it will the surrounding country. It is usually in the country districts that the roads are so notoriously bad, owing to the great expense of any improvement of them. But now that the cost of the crushed rock is so materially reduced, an era of better roads should ensue, and doubtless will." Bacon Printing Company, 503 Clay street " Wine-drinking people are healthy. M. &K. wines, 5c a glass. Mohns &. Kaltenbach. 29 Mkt.* According to the eleventh census the wealth of the country was distributed very unevenly, the Northern and Western States being far heavier in proportion to popula tion than the Southern. The aged find needed strength In Hood's Sarsa parilla. It vitalizes the blood, invigorates the liver and keeps all the organs of the body In good condition and insures healthy action. "Mrs. Winslow'B Soothing Syrnp" Has been used over fifty years by millions of moth ers for their children while Teething with perfect success. It soothes the child, softens the gums, al- V lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Bowels and is the best remedy for Diarrhcßas, whether arising from teething or other causes. For sale by Druggists in every part of the world. Be sure and ask for airs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup. *Jso a, bottle.