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CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE, Editor and Proprietor. SUBSCRIPTION RATES— Postage Free : Daily and Sunday . all. one week, by carrier. $0.15 - Dally and Sunday Call, one year, by mail... tJ.OO j Xaily an Sunday Call, six months, by mail 3.00 . Pally and Sunday Call, three months, by mail 1.50 Daily nnd Sunday Call, one month, by mail .50; Sunday i a 1 1. one year, by mail 1.50 j Weekly Call, one year, by mail 1.50 : BUSINESS OFFICE: •710 Market Street. Telephone Main— B6B EDITORIAL ROOMS: 517 Clay Street. Telephone Main— lß74 BRANCH OFFICES: 530 Montgomery street, corner Clay: open until 9:30 o'clock. 539 Haves street : open until 9:30 o'clock. 717 -km street: open until 9:30 o'clock. SW. corner Sixteenth and Mission streets; open ■ , until 9 o'clock. - CSIS Mission street; open until 9 o'clock. 116 Ninth street; open until 9:30 o'clock. OAKLAND OFFICE: 903 Broadway. EASTERN OFFICE: Pacific States Advertising Bureau. Ehinelander building, Eose and Duane streets, Sew York City. 1 THE SUMMER MONTHS. Are you coing to the country on a vacation ? If «c. it is no trouble for us to forward THE CALL, to rocr address. Do.EQt let It miss you for you will itiss it. Orders given to the carrier, or lc-tt at. Jiuf:r.es3 Office, 710 Mtrket street, will receive 1 romi t attention. TCESriAV JULY 9. 1895 ■ :i ALL. As the people of a city are, so will the city be. Every county in the State is prepared to report progress. Everybody exp-.-cts a big rise in business when the fall come?. That vigorous policy of Olney's must have had a sunstroke. Time files, but the Valley road managers are keeping up with it. Perhaps Cleveland thinks he ought to have a Pre- rm for every daugh- ter. The coming international yacht race I for the rest of the holidays. . men leave their homes ■me have their homes blown away ing New York to the novel sensation of getting sober one day in the week. The scandal in the consular service shows another imbecility or corruption in the administration. Everybody -trill sympathize with Grover in his disappointment over the fact that it was not a boy this time. V If the people in the cyclone States would reach out for California we would not have to feel for them so much. It would not be surprising to learn that a fe"ar of killing Fitzsirumons will deter Corbett from entering the ring. Protection, bimetallism, reciprocity and the Monroe doctrine are the four pillars of latfonn of true Americanism. British Conservatives hope to win through Kosebery's blunders, and the Liberals have an equal and similar hope in bury. "Shot at a Picnic" is the heading which a contemporary ha? in its news columns, but we are disappointed to learn that the picnic wa3 not hit. In sending an exhibit car through the East the people of Santa Clara County are demonstrating their ability to make a mar ket as well as to grow fruit. If Mrs. Cleveland succeeds in rearing a family of girls who will be as sweet and womanly as she the country can afford to get along without a White House boy. The plans to organize the district south of Market street into one great improve ment club, subdivided into local working bodies, is one of the wisest of all schemes to benefit the City. Since the property-owners along Folsom street decided to pave the thoroughfare with bituminous rock they are wearing a look of satisfaction and pride that strikes gloom to a^ilurian's heart. As the cyclones in the Mississippi Valley start in the West and travel east, there is no chance for the people to keep ahead of ihem, but they might come to the Pacilic Slope and get behind them. As the investiture of official authority gives men a moral power before which criminals quail, the train-robbing industry might be discouraged by swearing in all trainmen as members of a State police patrol. The promptness with which Mexican officers the other day took a robber to the scene of his crime and there shot him without trial shows that the new law per mitting such a course meant all that it 63 id. When we read that Healdsburg is going to place street peddlers under a heavy license we are tilled with envy upon re flecting that the tortures which San Fran ci=cans have to endure on this score de prive life of half its pleasures. If it be true that the real object of Secre tary Lamont's visit to the West is to pro mote interest in Cleveland's third term aspirations the question as to the source from which the money to pay the ex penses of the trip should come is interest ing. That was a happy inspiration which in duced A. B. Maguire to suggest that the City should have a rock-crushing plant of its own, with which to crush the basalt blocks on the streets and convert them into macadam for outlying streets and roads. "While our fruit-growers are preparing to Bend large installments of refrigerated fruit? to London we receive the comforta ble news that American refrigerated meat is bringing a larger price in London than that of Australia and Argentine, and that it costs less to lay it down.' ' By creating new peers while advocating the abolition of the House of Lords, Rose bery set all England laughing, but as there happens to be no real relation between the two facts except to increase the political unpopularity of the peerage. Lord Rose bery seems to have displayed more shrewd ness than those who ridicule him. RAILEOAD METHODS. The Call is not unmindful of the fact that the Southern Pacific Company's spur track to Golden Gate Park greatly simpli fied the work of installing and removing the Midwinter Fair, and that since the fair it has done good service in hauling loam into the park. We do not think, however, that this was the only method by which this latter service could have been performed, and we believe that, valu able to the City as the park is, the menace of the Southern Pacific is equally worthy of attention. Having already exhibited the facility which the park can offer for giving work to unemployed men during pinching times, we believe that it would be better to continue that policy within reasonable bounds than to prefer the Southern Pacific Company as the bene ficiary of the people's money. Even admitting the questionable fact that it has been well to utilize the presence of the spur track, its value disappears en tirely before the menace which the power and methods of the Southern Pacific rep resent. That there is a deliberate scheme to maintain the spur on one pretext or an other few people in this City could be brought to doubt. That the Southern Pacific was moved by any benevolent or public-spirited senti ment in laying this spur or in doing any thing whatever it is not possible for any intelligent person to believe. That it ever has a motive not inspired by greed it is impossible to imagine. And that it will hesitate or ever does hesitate to resort to the most debasing methods to accomplish its purposes we have its long, open, per sistent and scandalous history to convince us. A few months ago we expressed the belief that its power was waning and that it was becoming less and less the baneful influence of former days; that public offi cers were becoming ashamed to be known as the hired slaves of the railroad, sellers of their honor and betrayers of their trusts. We believe this still, and the fact may ac count for the desperation with which it has been recently proceeding. When it buys a Board of Supervisors it uses them openly, apparently realizing that it must make all the hay possible while the setting sun is still above the horizon. We have seen the company shamelessly secure street-railway franchises which it is impossible to believe were honestly ob tained. We have seen it seize our public streets in defiance of the law and hold them in defiance of authority. We have seen the majority of our present Board of Supervisors pursuing a course directly op posed to the interests of the City and di rectly in favor of those of the Southern Pacific. We have seen the most audacious proceedings to prevent rival street trans portation companies from securing a foot hold in the City against the interests and monopoly of the great corporation. And yet the officers in whom the people re posed so vast a trust, and who have bo openly joined forces with the corporation which respects no law and understands the art of bribery so well, openly walk our streets in perfect security while our ami able people are ambling good-naturedly through a labyrinth of pitfalls which their own servants have dug for them. EASTEEN HOME-SEEKEES. It is generally asserted by the Eastern press that the movement of population westwara across the Mississippi Valley has reached the limit under existing con ditions. Indeed, some declare the move ment has already passed the true limit and that settlements have been made too far in the arid region for profitable farming ■without irrigation. Hence it follows that the drift of home-seekers hereafter must be either to the South or to the Pacific Coast, and it is in these sections, therefore, the greatest progress and development will be made during the coming decade. These ideas seem to be well founded. The droughts and disasters in Western Kan sas and Western Nebraska during the last two years go far to confirm the theory that the successful cultivation of those .'amis must wait until extensive systems of irri gation have been devised or until all the better lands in the Union have been taken up. What has been asserted in this regard by the Eastern press may be accepted as a fairly accurate expression of the opinions of Eastern people. It is, therefore, to the Pacific Slope and to the Southern States that young men, investors and home-seek ers, are looking for places in which to settle and make homes for themselves. The Pacific Coast offers to the intelligent classes of the East many inducements su perior to those of the Southern States. It has a better climate, a more fertile soil, a more liberal population, a broader system of education, a more intelligent labor and a social organization more congenial to people of the Northern States. It will not do for us. however, to expect these in/iuce ments to be sufficient to draw population to us without energy on our part in mak ine them known. The South is much nearer to the big markets of the country than we are. It has cheaper land and a greater wealth in coal, timber and iron. Moreover, the Southern railroads, cities and States are eagerly at work trying to attract settlers from all parts of the Union. We must meet this energy on their part by at least an equal energy on our.«, if we would iv the coming decade receive our due proportion of the land-seekers from the more thickly settled States. Three opportunities for engaging in the work of education in regard to the indus tries of the State are now before us. These are to be found in the Atlanta Exposition, the Mechanics' exhibit in this City and the State fair. Of these the State Fair is, per haps, the most important. So far as the State is concerned it will certainly be the most comprehensive and therefore the most instructive. If cordially supported by all producers of the State it can be made an object lesson thai will convince every visitor of the superiority of California over all rivals, and by helping to make a home market for home industries and attracting the attention of strangers to the great variety of oar resources, will go far to hasten and augment the development which we have so much reason to expect in the next ten years. STATE BOAKD OP TRADE. The praiseworthy and successful! effort of the State Board of Trade to have Gov ernor Budd call a meeting of the Super visors of all the counties of the State for the purpose of taking action to make a worthy display at the Atlanta Fair has brought this staid old organization into notice. It had not been heard of in the recent conspicuous movements for bettering the general condition of the State. However, when we take into con sideration the heavy expense required to maintain it and the high character and ability of the men who compose its board of directors it is right to assume that it all along has been working earnestly and efficiently for the good of the State. The display of California products made at the rooms of the board constitutes one of the most interesting sights of the City. In addition to the tine display which it has maintained for several years, it secured a very large number of valuable exhibits from the Midwinter Fair. And still the peopie of the City take hardly any interest IHE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, TUESDAY, JULY 9, 1895. in it, the visitors being mostly from the country, with now and then some traveler who has heard in some way of its exis tence. It thus appears that the most valuable feature of the board — its exhibit — is inadequately utilized, however much good the board may be doing in the capa city of an information bureau for Eastern inquirers. Besides having a considerable correspondence with such inquirers, it is constantly sending out quantities of printed matter. Attention is called to this institution in the hope that the people of San Francisco who are working to develop the State may realize the importance of it and the valu able uses to which it might be put. Taken in connection with the splendid exhibit of the Academy of Sciences, it completes a perfect scheme of visual information con cerning the products of the State. If an increase of funds would enable the Board of Trade to extend its usefulness by becom ing known as one of the most interesting and certainly the most instructive show in the. City, and if the board desires to be come conspicuous, it would be the part of wisdom to supply it with money. In the meantime there are probably not one in twenty of the residents of the City who has ever heard of the exhibit, and not one in a hundred who has ever seen it. They are assured that the exhibit is wonderful", containing features that are handsome, grotesque, curious, instructive, and all in bewildering variety. The rooms are on Market street, a few doors below Second, and no admission fee is charged. WATTEBSOFS PROPHECY. Henry "Watterson has joined the number of those who believe the existing political divisions among the people of this coun try cannot long continue and that sooner or later the conservative elements of all parties will have to combine in order to maintain the established institutions of the country and transmit them in their original strength and purity to the next generation. Mr. Watterson bases his argument upon the assumption that the Republicans when they come into power will be as powerless to control the extreme elements of the party as were the Democrats. This is of course an error, for among Republicans there is no such body of cranks as Democracy gathered up in its thirty years' wandering in the wilderness of opposition, and there fore there will be no great difficulty for the Republican majority in Congress to act together on all questions of importance. Despite the error of his premise, however, the conclusions of the vigorous Kentuckian are interesting and not a little instructive from the light they throw on the aspect of the political situation as seen from the standpoint of a Bourbon Democrat. Mr. Watterson says: "The needs of the time will so reveal the inadequacy of the professional politicians — of the men who are in politics for what they can make out of it — as to drive to the front in such a flood of light that all good men may see in it tne great issue of good money against bad money, of orderly government against agrarian government, and when this time comes all minor matters of sectional inter est and sentimental prejudice will be sent to the rear, while patriotic and enlight ened men, regardless of party antecedents, will be forced into that great channel at the terminus of which stands — has stood always and will stand always — like a marble temple, the free fabric of republi can government as it was designed by the men who fought the battles of the Revolu tion and framed the constitution of the United States." This is both eloquent and good. The channel into which Mr. Watterson foresees all intelligent conservative men will be forced to move in order to make front against those who would warp the nation away from the constitution is, of course, the Republican party. It was not named as such in his article, but it was too well described to be mistaken. The channel is open to all men who have such clear eyes to see it, and Mr. Watterson will be wel come when he comes in. TEMPEBANCE IN IBAN OE. The French Chamber of Deputies has done another of those spectacular and radi cal things for which the race is noted. A careful inquiry having developed the fact that the use of alcoholic liquors and cer tain dangerous stimulants, including ab sinthe, was producing national disorders of an alarming character, the Chamber has enacted a law providing for a Government monopoly of alcohol and the abolition of the tax on all wines, beer, etc., carrying less than 50 per cent of alcohol. This brings fortified wines, as well as spirits, under Government control, and cheapens the price of what are termed beneficent beverages. Until the Government is ready to assume the monopoly of alcohol, it has provided that a heavy tax be levied on the product. This is a promulgation of the idea that' heavy alcoholic drinks tend to encourage chronic drunkenness and that drinks ear- ryins a low percentage of alcohol are inim ical to it. The lat€ Senator Stanford was a strong advocate of this doctrine, going so far as to declare that California, by produc ing large quantities of wholesome wine which could be sold at a low price, would be advancing temperance in America. The manager of a large vineyard and winery in this State once informed the writer hereof that Frenchmen were more reliable work ers about the vineyard than Americans, for although he gave the Frenchmen daily all the wine they wanted drunkenness was unknown among them, while his Ameri can laborers, accustomed to the use of whisky, were likely at any time to get drunk in the adjoining town and be locked up in jail. The great curse of France is absinthe, the deadliest and most insidious of alco holic drinks. It is a decoction of logwood in alcohol, and thus contains two of the most powerful nerve stimulants, their combined effect being far more agreeable than either taken singly. The deadly character of each poison, however, pro duces its effect, and insanity is a frequent accompaniment of the indulgence. Brandy also is largely consumed, but its injurious effects are inferior to those of absinthe, the consumption of which in recent years has been increasing at a prodigious rate. In rural France, where absinthe is rarely used and where light claret is abundantly consumed, the evils of drunkenness to be observed in cities, particularly in Paris, are practically absent. The French Government has under con sideration the idea of carrying the matter &t 111 further, by requiring that the injuri ous effects of indulging in alcoholic in toxicants be taught in the public schools of the country. It will think twice before embodying this idea into a law, for its effect might, be to strike a blow at the wine-making industry itself, which an nually adds so enormously to the wealth of the nation by the sale of wines to foreign countries. Movements for State control of alcoholic beverages have made considerable head way in this country, with results the benefits of which are in some dispute. It is likely, however, that in time, and before very long at that, our whole country will have such a plan in operation, as the evila of drunkenness are abundantly apparent. If this should happen, California would be in a position not only to demonstrate the wisdom of the French discrimination be tween liquors and light fermented bever ages, but to supply the entire country with light wines of the most wholesome kind. In short, every advance of the temperance cause in this country is in favor of Cali fornia's products. PEUIT IN THE OEIENT. The recently issued volume of consular reports for June, which gives considerable information in regard to the Oriental mar ket for dairy products and fruit, affords very little encouragement to any hope of a demand in that section of the world for our products of the kind, and will go far toward putting an end to any illusions that may have been cherished by our fruit or dairy men concerning the results of opening up China to the commerce of the world. From Hongkong it is reported that only about 2000 people in that city could be counted on as purchasers of fruit or dairy products, and what fruit is sent there has to compete with tropic fruits from Ceylon and other places. Apples sent from the United States arrive in a damaged condi tion on account of the climate. In Bom bay California caaned fruits are consid ered the best, and are by far the cheapest. The only complaint made is that the California strawberries are mashed and cannot be recognized as such when they reach Bombay, while the French straw berry is whole. It is hinted by dealers that the French berries ara put through a chemical process to prepare them for ship ping. The Consul further reports that most of California fruits in Bombay are shipped from New York, which of course increases the selling price at the end, and it would seem that there should be a chance to make a considerable saving in this item by shipping them direct from San Francisco. Reports from other parts of China and India do not differ materially from those sent from the great ports of Hongkong and Bombay. Two obstacles stand in the way of any extensive development of a fruit trade in those countries. In the first place the majority of the people are too poor to indulge in fruit, and in the second place those who can afford fruit are fairly well content with that produced at home. In India there is an abundance of tropical fruit, and while the Chinese fruit seems to foreigners to be very inferior it suits the native palate well enough. A curious illustration of the chances and changes in trade is noted by the Con sul at Calcutta. Formerly there was some importation at that port of New England apples, which were sold at good prices. These apples were sent out in ice ships, and could of course be put on the market with practically no charge for freight and but Mttle waste by decay. The invention of a means of manufacturing ice put an end to ice shipments to India, and the apple trade ceased with no apparent pros pect of being revived again. PERSONAL. Dr. L. Michael of Ferndale is at the Palace. Rev. 6. Hlrsh of Vallejo is staying at the Grand. Dr. J. Marks of Ventura ia a guest at the New Western. Dr, A. H. Suggettoi Maryeville is a guest at the Grand. M. G. Turner, an attorney of Modesto, is at the Grand. J. D. McDougald, a contractor of Stockton, is at the Lies. Senator J. S. Halloway of Cloverdale is at the Russ House. Bryant Howard, a capitalist of San Diego, Is at the Grand. J. H. Eckley, a merchant at Eckleys «tation, Is at the Grand. Congressman Joy of Bt. Louis and his bride are at the Palace. Dr. M. S. Charles of Sulsun registered yester day at the Grand. W. Rose, a mining man of Angels Camp, Is staying at the Grand. Dr. and Mrs. H. L. Pace of Tulare registered at the Palace yesterday. Henry Steele, a large land-owner of Pesca dero, is a guest at the California. E. G. Greggs, a banker of Tacoma, and Mrs. Grcggs are staying at the Palace. Louis Dean, a cattle-dealer of Reno, Nev., was at the Russ House yesterday. J. H. Wadsworth, a banker of Yreka, was one of yesterday's arrivals at the Lick. V. S. McClatchy of the Sacramento Bee and ilrs. McClatchy are at the California. Professor D. C. ClarK of Santa Cruz was one of yesterday's arrivals at the Grand. Superior Judge W. A. Gray of Tulare County and Mrs. Gray are guests at the Lick. H. M. Witman, a merchant of Hueneme, and Mrs. Witman are staying at the Lick. C. M. Barlow, a capitalist of Barlow, Or., was one of yesterday's arrivals at the Palace. Louis Dean, a big cattleman of Nevada, is down from Reno and staying at the Russ. Professor B. L. Ryder of the State Normal School at San Jose is a guest at the Grand. Carl E. Lindsay, a prominent attorney of Santa Cruz, registered yesterday at the Grand. R. H. Beamer of Woodland, a member of the State Board of Equalization, is a guest at the Lick. Henry Steele of Pescadero, a prominent creamery man, was registered at the Russ yes terday. State Senator J. C. Holloway came down from Cloverdalo yesterday and registered at the Russ. Ex-Congressman Thomas J. Geary came down from Santa Rosa yesterday and registered at the Lick. A. H. Bar, a leading merchant of Siskiyon, with big stores at Callahans and Gazelle, is at the Grand. Frank L. Coombs, ex-Minister to Japan, came down from Napa yesterday and is stay ing at the Grand. A. M. Duncan, a member of the Board of Supervisors of Mendocino County, came down from Ukiah yesterday and registered at the Grand. Senator E. C. Voorheis of Amaaor County sails for Alaska to-day on the City of Puebla. His wife and daughter accompany him on the voyage. J. A. Wilson, a son of Senator H. C. Wilson of Tehama, was one of yesterday's arrivals at the Grand. Mr. Wilson is a big cattle-raiser, with stock in Oregon and New Mexico. PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT. Mr. SJe of the Chinese legation in Washing ton, an enthusiastic cyclist, rides a woman's wheel on account of the peculiarities of his national dress. Dr. F. E. Clark, founder of the Christian En deavor, is said to dislike very much the name "Father Clark, " as it gives the impression of an old man, whereas he is only 44. Mile. Marie Lafargue, who has scored such a brilliant operatic success in London, was dis covered in the Basque provinces by Comtesse de la Rochefoucauld, who sent her to the Paris Conservatory, where she won the first prize. Ex-Governor Hoard of Wisconsin, who has been talked of for United States Senator, is the cleverest story-teller and the best dairyman in the State. He will not own a cow that will not net him $50 a year. M. Wiasemsky, a fashionable Parisian, has laid a heavy wager that he will ride from Paris to America on horseback. He intends to ride through Siberia to Bering Straits and, at the right season, cross to Alaska on the ice. One of the most heroic and difficult feats ever performed by a woman was that of Miss Marie Louise Evans of Hythe, near Southampton, Eng. On 'Whitsunday afternoon ft boat con taining three persons capsized near the pier. Without stopping even to relieve herself of her skirts, Miss Evans jumped from the pier, swam out to the boat, biought in one of the unfor tunates, a woman; swam out again and kept the other two, a man and a girl, afloat until help came. The girl was sinking for the last time when Miss Evans dived for her. AROUND THE CORRIDORS. Dr. H. Rowe, editor of the American Field, Is staying at the Palace for & few days. He has been on the coast for several weeks for the benefit of h*s health. The American Field, which is published in New York and Chicago, is a sportsman's paper devoted to fishing and shooting. Dr. Rowe, in speaking of those sports in California la9t evening, said: '-The sportsmen of California don't appreciate the advantages they have. There can be no doubt whatever that you have the best shooting and fishing here that there is in the United States. Where can you find a preserve equal to that of the Country Club heie within a few miles of the City? If I had that preserve within 300 miles of New York I should not want any better in come than that from club membership. Yet the sportsmen here have got to adopt proper measures for the protection of game or it will disappear as it has in the States along the Mississippi. It is not many years since Illinois was one ot the most wonderful district* for game in the world, and then Minnesota and lowa. See how depleted they have become through the failure to take proper measures to protect the game." SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS. If New York, drops her first syllable and be comes simply "York," why should not Chicago drop two and become "Go"?— Chicago Dis patch. "Where there's so much smoke there must be some fire," as the stern employer said after the cigarette-consuming clerk hud walked deject edly away.— New York Herald. "She's such an old-fashioned girl." "Indeed?" "Yes. She has a Roman nose and a most pronounced Green forehead."— Detroit Tribune. Theological.— Bessie— Papa, what is a unit? Papa (reflectively) — Well, one is a unit. "Then Kate's young man is a Unitarian, isn't he?" '■How so?" "Because you said he was looking out for number one all the time.''— Texas Siftings. Bacon— What do you call your cat Trolley Car for? Egbert— We count on his being good for nine lives, at least.— Yonkers Statesman. Clerk— Yes, sir! That's one of the best clocks we have in the store. It goes eight days with out winding. Hayseed— ls that so? How long do you figure she'll go when you do wind her?— Harper's Bazaar. Professor— Your brother's absent this morn ing? Student— Yes, sir. Professor— He can never expect to get ahead by absenting himself from his class. Student — I fear it is getting a head that has caused his absence, professor.— Yonkers States man. Mr. Dukane (as Spimns goes by on his wheel)— That poor fellow has the kyphesis bicyclista rum. Johnny Dukane (who knows all about bicy cles) — Oh, no, papa. He has the latest im proved pneumatic— Pittsburg-Chronicle Tele graph. It is all very well to poke fun at the callow college graduate and his commencement ora tion. But how many baccalaureate sermons are preached in any year that make any better showing for originality of thought or capacity to change the course of the world?— Providence Journal. SCHEEL JOINS THE FOLD. The Musicians Union Will Al low Him to Conduct Once Again. Half the Money Is Paid, and the Note Will Be Given To-Day. This afternoon will see Fritz Scheel re instated as a member in good standing of the Musicians' Union. He will be able Eoon again to conduct the park band and nothing will hinder him from making con tracts with Ritter, Roderman and all the rest of his soloists for the Mechanics' Fair. It was the Mechanics' Fair contract, 'or rather the fear- of losing it, that decided Scheel not to kick any longer against the ricks. When the National Council of the Musicians' Union condemned Scheel to pay the $1132 claimed by his Vienna Prater men the conductor was wroth, and declared that he would rather never raise a baton than satisfy what he denounced as an unjust claim. There was a good deal of brave talk about some of the best solo ists in the union seceding, in order to play with Scheel at the Mechanics' Fair, but when it was announced that non-union men would not be eligible for the contract the conductor saw that he would be forced to surrender or ehe pine mute and inglori ous—for what is a conductor without a band? The Mechanics' Fair contract was worth going back to the union for, so Scheel agreed to pay half the $1132 down and to give a promissory note, payable in three months, for the other half. These terms were accepted and yesterday L. N. Ritzau, the most devoted of all Scheel's hench men, paid $506 into the treasury of the Musicians' Uuion, as Scheel himself was not possessed of the amount. To-day the promissory note, indorsed to the satisfac tion of the union, will be given to the sec retary, and that formality having been complied with Scheel will be at liberty to conduct as of yore. The leader's friends believe that the money is as sure to be returned as if it were only being deposited in a reliable bank. The National League has agreed to give the Scheel case a retrial, and as soon as the local lodge has collected its evi dence, which is all in favor of Scheel, a jury will meet either in New Jersey or Philadelphia. In spite of the fact that the Hamburg conductor came very near caus ing a split in the union the local lodge is determined to see that justice is done as far as lies in its power. All along th-<i members of this union have held that Scheel was not responsible for the $1132, and if the National jury reaches the same decision the money paid yesterday will be refunded. Stammered in Both. A young gentleman who stutters slight ly has recently graduated from a military school, of which the discipline is very strict. During his course he had made a fine record, but on one occasion a careless error in writing bade fair to cost him a portion of his vacation. He sought the principal of the school, who, after reprimanding him anew for his carelessness, told him he must take his punishment. "But, colonel," the boy replied, "I st-strstammer in writing as well as in talking." He took his vacation as usual.— Boston Budget. Last year the world produced 553,700,000 tons of coal. To this total Great Britain contributed 185,000,000: the United Btates 170,000.000; Germany 74,000,000; France, 25,250,000; Belgium, 10,500,000, and Austria- Hungary, 10,250,000 tons. Five million tons were raised in Australia, four in Canada and three in British India. Clifford Richardson, official chemist of Washington, District of Columbia, reply ing to an inquiry as to the merits of the various baking powders, says that he con curs with the opinion of the best chemists of the country that the Royai is the best. IN THE YOSEMITE VALLEY Governor Budd Discovered a Combine Between the Hotel-Keepers. HOW GLASCOCK WAS SCORED. The Commissioners Will Permit J. M. Hutchlnes to Return to His Old Home. Governor James H. Budd, president of the Board of Yosemite Valley and Mari posa Big Tree Grove Commissioners, pre sided at the meeting of this long-named body yesterday. It is the first time that he has been present at a meeting of the Commissioners and there was a rattling of dry bones that astonished several people. The others present were: George B. Sperry, vice-president ; Henry K. Field, John Boggs, John H. O'Brien, Max Gold berg, Charles G. Clinch, and John F. Shee han secretary and treasurer. The absen tees were E. P. Johnson and H. J. Ostran dep. The executive committee consists of Field, O'Brien and Clinch. The first flank movement made by the Governor was during the reading of the minutes of the previous meeting, when reference was made to what had taken place in executive session. He entered a protest against executive sessions of a pub lic body such as the Yosemite Commission, and as a result the by-laws were so amended that hereafter there will be no executive sessions, and the records of the last meeting of this character became a part of the regular proceedings. The next surprise occurred when two pe titions were read from the lessees of the Sentinel House and the Stoneman House. A. D. Glascock runs the former and J. J. Cook the latter. Cook asked for more pas ture land for his cows, stating that Glas cock has more than he requires. Glascock was present with two attorneys to secure a ten years' lease of the Sentinel House. He protested that he has no more pasture land than he can use for his own stock. He was astonished when the Gov ernor suddenly asked: "Mr. Gl&scock, why has your hotel been closed for a part of this season, which is a violation of the terms under which you hold the present lease?" Glascock answered that it was a bad year and the hotel had net been paying. He had lost $600 a month on the place. "And yet you want to renew your lease for ten years and lose more money," re torted Governor Budd. "Is it not a fact that you have pooled your interests with Mr. Cook of the Stoneman Hotel?" "No. There is no pool; but — " "Have you not received money from Mr. Cook for keeping your own hotel closed?" Glascock wilted* and replied : "Well, yes, I — that is, there is an arrangement — " "Yes, I have heard so— a sort of arrange ment, as you say, which means that you and Cook have pooled your interests and put up a job on the public and this com mission. I am not in favor of granting you a lease if there is to be any pooling done. The valley and the hotels belong to the public and there shall be no combina tions with public property." One of Glascock's attorneys attempted to straighten out the muddle, for his client was apparently sadly cornered. While in the middle of a pretty little speech about Cook's COW 3 the Governor broke in and put the question point blank to Glascock: "What are your little arrangements with the landlord 6f the Stoneman?" Again Glascock began to flounder aronnd, and, not giving a direct answer, the Gov ernor continued by saying: "There have been too mapy complaints' from visitors to the valley, who said they could not secure any accommodations at the Sentinel. It was only a short time ago that this com mission spent $1100 in repairing this hotel — the public' 3 money, by the way. Here aeain, the secretary has a complaint from Mr. Cook, alleging that when the Sentinel is open Mr. Glascock solicits patronage of the passengers arriving on the stages. This, too, is a violation of our rules, and is prohibited in his lease. I shall protest against granting Mr. Glascock a renewal of his lease except under bonds furnished by him that he will not Violate our rules again." Julius Kahn, one of Glascock's attorneys, denied for his client that the latter solicits patronage, and resumed his address, say ing that there should be two hotels in the valiey in case one should burn down. The Governor said he favored two hotels there, but he was not in favor of granting a lease for so long a turm as ten years. He did not want to Dind any such an agree ment upon his successor, as he did not propose to succeed himself. A four years' lease i 3 long enough. Again he turned upon Glascock and demanded to know his reasons for objecting to tell what were his arrangements with Cook. The informa tion was not given. A long discussion fol lowed as to whether the Sentinel should be conducted upon the American plan, and the Stoneman on the European, or the two hotels be conducted on both the European and American plan. The final decision was that each hotel should be conducted upon both plans. Then came the discussion about the time for which Glascock should receive his lease. Several favored four or five years and the Commissioners decided that the lease be granted for four years at $300 a year, with the privilege bf renewal ; also that clauses be inserted in the lease forbid ding pooling or soliciting on the part of the lessee on the penalty of forfeiting tne lease. Attorney Coogan protested against the shortness of the term and the rental price, but the motion was passed. The executive committee was instructed to draw up the lease and insert the anti pool and anti-soliciting clauses and a clause insisting upon the hotel being conducted on both the European and American plans. More trouble was stirred up when a peti tion from James M. Hutchings was read. The old man was the discoverer of and first white settler in the Yosemite Valley. He was at one time guardian of the valley. He wishes a ten years' lease of his little old log cabia and its five acres of surrounding orchard. While he released all legal claim to the property years ago on the payment of $30,000 from the Federal Gov ernment, still he wishes to call the valley his home. Other boards have denied him that privilege, but still he has lectured all over the world about the beauties of Yo semite, and he wants to entertain these people he has met abroad. At last he went before the State Legislature and se cured the passage of this resolution which he presented yesterday with his petition: Benate concurrent resolution, adopted March 16, 1895: Resolved by the Senate, tne Assem bly concurring, that the UHe of the cabin erected in the Yosemite Valley by J. M Hutch ings and the orchard adjoining, "of aoout five acres in extent, planted by him, be and the same is hereby granted J. M. Hutchiugs for the term of ten years. Governor Budd sat down hard upon this legislative act and said that the State Legislature had no control over the Yo semite Valley, which was a National park. To recognize such a claim would be to establish a bad precedent and would open the door to other legislative privileges be ing granted. - . The attorney for Glascock also inter" posed an objection for his client, as the old cabin and orchard are on the hotel prop erty, but the Governor cut him short by referring to the pooling and soliciting busi ness haying placed Mr. Glascock in a pecu liar position before the board. \ ' --; Commissioner : Sperry said that Mr. Hutchinga had for years been a thorn ia the side of the Yosemite Commission. "'.; At this point Dr. J. T. McLean, presi dent of the Coulterville road, made an earnest appeal on behalf of the gray haired man who first entered the valley and whose * very soul was wrapped up in its grandeur. In the little cabin he lived with his ; family for years, and he is the last of his family now. The aged pioneer had lectured all over the world about the valley, and his writings on the subject have been extensively read. Xow, with only a few years of life remaining, he should be allowed to spend them in his early nome. . Governor Bndd said that he would m no way recognize the legislative act, but he was in favor of granting the pioneer 3 prayer if the latter would abandon the claim based upon the act. Hatchings said he would, and the Governor moved that in making oat the Glascock lease one acre and the little cabin be reserved. Dr. McLean urged the commission to build a much-needed bridge on the old Coulterville road, half a mile from the cascade. The Commissioners acknowl edged the need of such a bridge, but said there was no money for such purposes in the fund. The committee on tenements and build ings recommended many repairs to the Stoneman House and the Coffman <fe Kenney House. In the Stonemau i fire hose has been placed. Last May Governor B'.uld directed Irvine, J. L. Maude and Marten M; composing the Bureau of Highways of the State of California, to examine th< and general features of the Yosemito Val ley, with a view to improving the r such an extent as possible with tL terials and conditions there existing. The bureau' 9 report contains many valu able suggestions concerning the twenty* two miles of road in the valley propt-r. <>r this fifteen miles is heavy with sand ai.-i dust. The remaining mileage is in fair condition. Considerable study was made of the materials for improving the poor part of the road, and a black loam was found that will serve the purpose if sprinkled. The report went into innumer able details with reference to curbi taining walls; bridges and the protection of the banks along Cascade Creek and Mer ced River. The report was referred to the executive committee. The report of the committee on the preservation of the floor of the valley road was prepared by George Kent Radford, a civil eneineer and landscape architect of a worldwide reputation. Mr. Radfofd spent a week in the Yosemite Valley. In hi* re port he says: Looking down upon the valley from Union Glacier and other points enables one to realize what the floor of the valley must have looked like before it was so overgrown and to which it can be restored when properly treated, f •- • The flat surface, the rivt-r, the trees are there, and the roads have been made, the cliff and the foot coverings provided, but a growth of low and useless small vegetation haa been al lowed to accumulate and cover what should be open meadows and glades, spoiling the views, injuring the fine trees and adding the danger of conducting and feeding a fire, should such unfortunately occur by .accident or design. It is difficult to believe that any person of ordi nary intelligence, and possessing a reasonable amount of taste, fan question the advisability, and even neoesMtr, of removing this under growth and opening up the fine effects that are waiting to be looked upon. Here visitors come in various ways and with different ideas anl objects, and it is necessary, if possible, to fore see and provide for these individual tastes and wants. Some go to the hotels and others camp out. For the hotel visitors, provision should he made for garden and lawn with proper plant ing and rustic shelters, grounds ior tennis, cro quet, archery and other outdoor sports. * • • Electric lights should oe provided for tha hotels, etc. The camping grounds should te properly located, cleared and arranged with groups of trees and water, so as to be attractive and under proper sanitary control. • • • The banks of the river must be protected and the wearing effects of the stream prevented. Provision should be made for sprinkling the roads so as to prevent the dust which in some places is now somewhat of a nuisance. Foot trails judiciously laid out amone the tr-". 1 clear of the drives should be provided so that a complete circuit of the valley could be m&de by pedestrians without encountering carriages except at points of common interests. Shel ters, seats, etc., should be built oa these trails and at all points commanding interesting views, and picnic facilities should bejarranged in such places as the Happy Isles, etc. To enable the foregoing objects to be Intelli gently carried out requires the study and prep aration of a plan, and to prepare the plan the foundation of an accurate and complete topo graphical map, which does not at present ex ist, and I am willing to contribute my share t4 this good work, and providing the Commission ers will pay mv traveling- expenses and hotel expenses, and give me the services of two or three intelligent laborers for about tw . months, I will make the survey and prepare a complete working plan free of charge. Mr. Radford's offer was accepted and he will begin work next month. Commissioner Field reported that certain campers had been defacing pine trees by cutting through the bark, perforating it with the words "Camp Hanford." As he knows the campers he was i:\nructed to begin proceedings against them. The matter of repairing the old hotel at Glacier Point and fixing up several bridges w.s left in the hands of the executive committee. The commission will meet again on August 12. Exceeding His Instructions. The curtain had risen on the third act, and the momentary hush that preceded the resumption of the performance on the stage was broken by a stentorian voice from the rear of the auditorium. "Is Dr. Higginspiker in the house?" A tall, heavily whiskered man occupying a front seat rose up. "If Dr. Higginspiker is in the house," re sumed the stentorian voice, "he told me I was to come here and call him out at 10 o'clock!" Whereupon Dr. Higginspiker, looking very red. picked up his hat and cane and walked down the aisle amid loud and en thusiastic applause. —Chicago Tribune. Bacon Printing Company, 503 Clay street * Wi NT-drinking people are healthy. M. &. X wines, 5c a glass. 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