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HOME INDUSTRY MUST BE THE WATCHWORD. Rousing Mass -Meeting at Metropolitan Tem ple Last Night. ENTHUSIASM AWAKENED Co-Operation Urged Between Manufacturers and Consumers. PLAXS TO BRING PROSPERITY. Stirring Speeches Made by Con gressman Magulre, Samuel M. Shortrldge and Others. The mass-meeting held at Metropolitan Temple last evening, under the auspices of the Manufacturers' and Producers' Asscia tion, was a double success. Not only was the attendance so large as to crowd the edifice to the doors but it showed that the association which has for its object the promotion and encouragement of Califor nia industries has the sympathy and sup port of the people with it. Every sentiment which the speakers gave voice to, and each hope for future indus trial advancement, touched a responsive chord in the heart of each person in the audience, judging by the hearty manner in which the applause was bestowed. It was in all respects a representative gathering. In the audience were business men, workingmen and capitalists. They titid their families with them, too, thus showing the spirit of home industry is a genuine home feeling and is appreciated in the domestic circle as well as in the marts of trade and linance. It was this showing which gave the meeting a tone which it would otherwise have lacked and which made the pro moters of the movement "feel good all over," as one of them put it. The speak ers, too, were all men of prominence, and in their remarks were many valuable sug gestions and ideas which Avould bear thinking; over. The hall had been elaborately decorated for the occasion. On all sides the National colors shed a blaze of color over the scene. Long, red, white and blue streamers were festooned around the platform in pro fusion. On either side of the organ the stars and stripes were formed into pretty shapes around large shields. In gilt let ters across the stage was the association's motto, "Home Industry," and the bunting was also strung out around the gallery and -wails. A display on the street was another fea ture of the evening. Across Fifth street was stretched a pyrotechnical piece.which, •when lighted, snowed up the same em blem — "Home Industry — and its display •was accompanied by a discharge of sky rockets. There were many hundreds of people in the street who could not gain ad mission to the hail. When the meeting was called to order tiie scene inside was inspiring. In the framework of flags and bunting; on the stage were seated the following vice-presi dents: \V. \V. Montague, John P. Me-rill, A. S. Hal lidie, Isaac H. Morse, Conrad Herrmann, Arpad Haraszthy, C. A. Murdock, James Spiers, Henry L. Davis. F. W. I>ohrmann, J.J. O'Jsrien, P. ( r . Hale, Kaphael Weill, Charles G. Clinch, J. P. Taylor, Hon. George C. Perkins, Lippman Sachs, P. A. Buell, E. C. Williams, A. MeLaugh lin, John Hammond, G. W. Snyder, W. F. Bowers, J. P. Currier, Julian Sonntag, M. Mo- Glynn, R. S. Moore, Louis Saroni, James Sproule, A. Sbarboro, M. J. Keller, John Sroute, Z. M. Ilerrick, H. E. Holmes, L. Biankenhorn, L. P. Degen, Joseph Ghirardelli, J. O. Miner, Simon Uaruch, \V. F. Robinson, E. G. Dennis ion, Professor Georee Davidson, A. J. Moulder, «'. Meese. W. K. Vanderslice, H. Euler, J. Mc- Mullen, E. J. Leary, William il. Buuker, Joseph Greenberg. In the front row were seated the speakers of the evening— Hugh Craig, Samuel M. Shortridsre, Congressman James G. Ma puire, Horace Davis, Dr. Juliu3 Koebig and others. A brass band made the pro ceedings livelier — if that were possible — h} rendering patriotic airs between the speeches. The following telegram was received from Charles M. Shortridge by the chair man: Coronado, July 12, 1895. To the President of the Manufacturer*' Affecta tion ■: I regret exceedingly my inability to be present at the meeting to-night. I hope and believe the effort of your association will arouse the people of the Pacific Coast to the great importance of purchasing home-manufact ured goods. While it may be quite unnecessary for me to pledge my loyal and earnest friendship, yet not being able to be with you I take this means of declaring my sympathy with the spirit of your association. Its purposes are of the most patriotic nature, and deserve and should re •eive a generous and a united support. Charles M. £hortridge. Henry T. Scott, in calling the meeting to order, made a brief speech, in which he re ferred to the purposes for which the meet ing was called. He stated that the Manu facturers' and Producers" Association had been organized for the purpose of putting new life into the industries of our State and of arousing among the people gener ally an interest in home products and in dustries. The meeting, he said, was the first of a series. The two main objects to be achieved were: First. a systematizing of nur business interests in order that first class goods could be offered to consumers at prices which will be satisfactory, and also of a quality which will compare with any imported product; second, to appeal to all citizens to give California products a chance, thereby keeping a vast amount of money at home so that all may have the use of it. Mr. Scott then introduced Hugh Craig, he said, would explain more fully the objects of the association. Sir. Craig spoke as follows: At a meeting of this kind, when citizens are called together and asked to give their time and attention to the interests of the Manufac turers' and Producers' Association of Cali fornia, it is proper to explain the why and the wherefore and the necessity of such an associa tion. The United States census of 1890 shows that at that date there were in the State of Cali fornia some 8000 manufacturing establish ments employing nearly 84,000 operators, pay ing out in wages $51,000,000 per annum. The competition, however, of foreign importers and domestic manufacturers east of the Rocky Mountains has occasioned a large reduction in the number of these establishments. To such an extent has this been felt in our City and State during the past four years that eariy in the present year a few of the manufacturers of the State called a meeting to consider the ques tion and after sundry preliminary arrange ments for committees called together a con vention of State manufacturers, which was held at the rooms ot the Chamber of Commerce in San Francisco, beginning on the 19th of March last, to take into consideration what steps woula be practicable to foster and protect the industries that were left us and if possible to increase that number. Out of this convention grew the Manufac turers' and Producers' Association of Caliiornia of to-day, and In the short period of its life— not quite four months since its organization— its membership numbers something lite 850, gathered together, representing State indus tries, and employing an average of forty men to each member. Quite a number of these are interests outside of the City. This valuable showing in so short a time encourages the directors of the association to hope that you ■will join with them hand in hand, not only to increase the membership, but to spread far and wide within the borders of our own State and in our neighboring States the fact that within our own boundaries can be produced articles of daily consumption of such quality, quantity and value as to commend local industries to every one of our own consumers." \ ' Consider., for a ' moment what it means to Save 850 members employing 1,000 operators, sp.nd if this z^embersnip can be increased to 4G09, mwe ha ■ a reasonable expectation of ! doing, with anything like the same average to | the factory, that would mean 100,000 men and i women employed in State manufactures con suming local productions, and if the same spirit can be infused into the population of this State, estimated to-day at 1,400,000, not only will it gladden the hearts of the manu facturers and put every iale man in the State to work, but the development occasioned by the increased spending capacity of those em ployed by factories will set the wheels of industry in motion in so many new phases that population will be attracted to our lovely State from every direction. Indeed, the name of the association shows the breadth of its capacity, for it proposes to take in not only the manufacturers, but pro ducers also, and it is well just here to bear this fact in mind, that there can be no lasting pros perity to our State unless the interests of the producer are cared for, and by the producer I mean the man who tills the soil, who is the backbone of our prosperity and advancement. We in the cities — manufacturers, commission men, merchants, dealers, brokers, jobbers of all kinds— are only the middlemen, parasites, barnacles, so to speak, between the consumer and producer. He can dispense wry well with many of us, but we in the cities cannot pos sibly exist without him. The marvelous power for good which this organization can reach when the majority of the manufacturers and producers of this t->tate affiliate for mutual benefits need only be hinted at, and ours is not a State that we need be ashamed of. We need make no apology for the organization we are now engaged in perfect ing. The United States census shows that the average manufactured product per capita for the population of the country is $150, and the average manufactured product of the State of California is #177 per, capita, 18 per cent in SCENE AT THE GREAT DEMONSTRATION IN FAVOR OF HOME PRODUCf S — HUGH CRAIG MAKING HIS ADDRESS. [Sketched by a "Call" artist.] excess of the average for the country. We are citizens, therefore, of no mean State, and although only twenty-second in population, compared with the other forty-eight States and Territories (and we expet shortly to bring in Hawaii, the Republic of the Isles, to round out the even half century., we are tenth in farm products, first in wine, rirst in raisins, first in wool, first in barley, first in beet sugar, third in wheat, third in hops, fourth in hay— and all this has been accomplished in the short period of forty-five year?. In some recent figures worked out by Vice- President Towne of the Southern Pacific Rail road Company and furnished to Governor Budd, the phenomenal growth of this state in irrigation and horticulture is pointed out. This State of ours contains 101,000.000 acres, 40,000,000 of which are arable lands easily cultivated. Jt is not too much to expect that where large ranches are being cut up and good lands with plenty of water placed upon the market at low prices, the phenomenal prowth referred to by Mr. Towne will continue, and with Improved methods of fruit preservation, rapid transportation and cheap distribution, the capacity of our State in horticultural pro ductions is only limited by the ability of the consumer to purchase. Last year th tie was snipped from the southern portion of the Stave 10,500 carloads of fruit, and from the northern portion of the State 24,000 carloads of fruit, together valued at 5K.30,000,000. It can be readily seen that if profitable markets can be found for these products, the increase of our population will be of a very superior character; the farms small in area; and we can anticipate to a certain extent that wonderful prophecy of Wil liam H. Seward when he said he was of the opinion that time would 6how the greatest de velopment of the Anglo-Saxon race upon the American shores of the Pacific Ocean. In a recent report upon the population of the State by John P.lrish and E. \V. Mmlin, tak ing the population of 1890 at 1,200.000 and figuring the increase on the basis of five per sons to the voter at the last election for Gov ernor — and that appears to be a reasonable basis— they estimate the population at the end of 1894 at 1,420,000. Figuring upon the same annual increase, we will have at the end of the century one million ami three-quarters. If, however, we put our shoulders to the wheel, working harmoniously, spreading information as to th« capabilities of our State and the availability of its land for small farms, we may reasonably expect this number to be largely increased, and probably reach 2,000,000. I henr some one say "What has all this to do with the Manufacturers' nnd Producers' Asso ciation?" I wish to show you that we are justi fied in preparing for a large increase in our population, and. if the signs be reliable, these horticultural and agricultural industries are in their infancy only. With the population east of the Rocky Mountains of something like. 68,000,000, hungering and thirsting for our green and preserved fruits, with cheap trans portation and cheaper fuel these must eurely be followed be a large increase of our country population, making customers and additional demands upon our manufacturers north and south. Upon a vecer.t visit to Los Angeles I was much impressed with the growth of manufac turing in that center, from the fact that crude oil has been discovered within the boundaries of the city and was delivered to manuiucturers for fuel at 40 cents per barrel. It is reasonable also, and proper, to ask upon what lines this Manufacturers' and Producers' Association has been working since its organiz ation; what it has accomplished with 850 members up to date, and what may be ex pected of it by those who are asked to affiliate with it, with the hope that their interests may be advanced. Secretary Meade has furnished me with a number of items, only a few of which can be referred to in the short time at my dis posal. The Parrott block, as you are aware upon Market street is becoming a feature in our street architecture, covering a ground area of two and a quarter acres. Making all' allow ances for light, wells and central court it is estimated there will be a floor area to let of something like ten acres. I will venture to say that nowhere in the United Stales in a city with a population of gay 320,000 can be found a more extensive or a handsomer piece of constructive work than can be seen in this building. There is to be a grand entrance with a vestibule and staircase of pol lbhed marble, much In the style of that of the Mills building. This, as you know, was fur nished by Eastern contractors and is imported marble. The same men expected to secure the work for the Parrott block. The officers of this association took the matter upend represented to Mrs. Parrott that California marble, supe rior in quality, was available, that marble THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, JULY 13, 181)5. manufacturers and marble-workers were to be found in San Francisco equal to any in the East, and as a consequence the; specifications were changed to require local marble and the work done in this City. ■. . . ; :■ : The California Safe Deposit Company, at the corner of California and Montgomery streets, are making extensive changes in their hand some building. The wrought-iron columns and steel girders were figured upon by Eastern manufacturers, who expected to secure the contract, until this association consulted with the owners and secured the contract for local firms. , ■ ~ ■ - - : You are doubtless aware that the police force of the City is to be largely increased in num bers, necessitating new uniforms. Hitherto the cloth of these uniforms has been furnished by importers of French beaver or similar material. The attention of the Police Com missioners was called to the fact that our own local woolen-mills were ready to produce an article equal in quality, more durable in wear, at a price that would commend itself to the men of the force. A sample of California cloth was made and submitted to the Board of Police Commissioners and to tests by experts, which resulted in its being declared "the best piece of beaver ever made in the United States and fully equal to the best French beaver. The board ordered enough of the cloth for 100 uniforms, which the woolen-mills are now making. And here I want to speak a word for local woolen-mills. I had occasion ■* to indulge re cently in a new suit, and inquired of my tailor for California goods. His reply was they did not keep them in stock. After some inquiry I found it necessary to go to the manufacturer's office for what I required, there being no specialty made of these goods in the City. When the cloth was sent to the tailor he made the remark: "You will get tired of these goods." . "Why?" said I. "Because they are too honest." "What do you mean?" said I" "Oh," says he, "they will wear too long. They are full width, thirty-six inches to the yard, all wool— you will never be able to wear it out." j - It occurred to me then, and I repeat it now, that there could be no better indorsement of local manufacturers than could go forth with | these words, that they are "too honest." When our own people are satisfied of this, nnd we can make outsiders believe that, there can be no question but what we will find markets for our productions. California fireworks have been pushed to the ' front at recent carnivals through the efforts of this association. California cigar factories are j being kept prominently before the consumer. : Fuel, as you know, next to wages, is an enor mous item in the coat of running factories. Indeed, I think I have heard somebody con nected with the Union Iron Works say that 87 per cent of the cost of a steel ship was paid out for labor. How much goes for fuel 1 cannot say, but recognizing the importance of this item, the fuel committee of this association has | inspected the new coal fields within fifty miles j of San Francisco, as the crow flics, and reported j not less tJian 25,000, 0U0 tons in sight, which is I expected will be landed at our water front at a cost to dealers and manufacturers of from $2 50 to S3 per ton. What this means to this City and this coast can hardly be calculated. This association drew the attention of Gover nor Budd to the fact that in the schedules for State supplies, bids were asked for Eastern goods without recognition of California prod ucts. This association immediately addressed itself to the Governor upon the subject, who i with his usual promptness replied courteously : to the effect, that as tnr as within him lay, the I quality and prices being equal, State in'stitu- I tions should give the preference tn California I products. This is also true of the Prison Com j missloners and the Supervisors of the City and County of San Francisco. As you are aware, there is In course of erec tion at the foot of Market street, the founda tion lor a huge ferry depot, which will be a feature in the appearance of our City. The original specifications call for an iron roof. This association drew the attention of the Harbor Commissioners to the fact that this State produced roofing slate of a quality equal I to the best imported Welsh slate. Thereupon the Harbor Commissioners promised that when the building is ready for its roof preference will be given to this California production. The Supervisors of Santa Cruz County are now erecting a handsome new courthouse. I The specifications called for a tin roof, until their attention was drawn by this association to our California slate. The specifications were then changed, and the California slate takes the place of imported tin. I feel that I have trespassed upon your time and patience long enough. There is one State industry, however, which I hnve not touched I upon, and which brings an indictment against j the California Manufacturers' and Producers' Association and claims that it has been greatly neglected. We ail know, or if we do not we are supposed to be acquainted with the decision of the Bapremo Court oi this State, that newspa pers are run upon business principles and for profit. It is a mistake to suppose that they are eleemosynary institutions. A bright member of the California press hailing from Redlands reads the manufactur ers of the Stßte a lesson to the effect that he has been besieged by manufacturers to help create a sentiment in favor of Caliiornia goods. "Taking up a representative paper," said lie, "I look in its columns for paying advertise ments from California manufacturers, mid find none." He docs iind, however, in one column an ad. from a Boston shoe man, In another one from a Philadelphia shoe man, in another one from a New York baking-powder man, another from a Chicago leather man, auother from a Philadelphia drug man ; and all the way through he finds the Eastern men purchasing space to make their wares known. Very prop erly he comes back upon the manufacturers of his" own State and asks them: "Where is the bread and butter, the little shoes and the shirts to come from for the newspaper man's family and wife if he discards the paying Eastern ad. for the non-paying California manufacturer's boom?" He points out that the columns of his paper and the public press generally are devoted to two distinct purposes one to convey news, information and amuse ment, and the other— the advertising columns —for a fixed revenue for the benefit of the pub lisher from such enterprising dealers, manu facturers and producers as desire to exhibit a description of their wares before the eyes of the consumers, who they must know read these public prints. Now those of you manufacturers, members of this organization and to be members, who are producing goods worthy of home consumption, the cheapest and simplest way to push your wares betore the notice of the people of the State is by a liberal consumption of printer's ink, and whenever in a city or a country paper you see an advertisement of Eastern or foreign goods insert a larger one immediately under neath it or over it or alongside of it of the Cali fornia goods, then go back to your offices, your stores and your warehouses— orders will come— and prepare for a larger business. Newspapers have a weakness for advertise ments. The business manager pays the com positors and the printers and the bills tor ink and paper from what he receives for advertise ments. The story occurs to me of a New England man who 'had a liking for clams. That he might obtain enough of them he moved to the seashore and there ate clams three times a day for twenty years until he became so satu rated with clam juice.it is recorded, that ins stomach rose and fell twice every twenty-four hours with the ebb and flow of the tide. Not, if you wish to touch the heart of tne newspaper man feed him with advertisements, keep him full of them three times a day if you like.it not oftener, and you will find him always at the top of high water to push and boom the products of those who pay for nis printer's ink. At the conclusion of Mr. Craig's remarks Chairman Scott caught sight of United States Senator George C. Perkins at one side of the platform, and called him for ward. The Senator was greeted with ap plause. He said he had not come as a speaker to the meeting, but to hear what might be st.id in behalf of home industry. He spoke as a Californian and one who be lieved that every interest which touches the State should be dear to all, the manu facturer, producer and workingman alike. It was good to see the people of a large and magnificent State like California com ing together and displaying such a hearty earnestness in what is goins to be done toward building up State industries. "We have a magnificent State," said the Senator, "and a beautiful City. We have had blessings showered upon us by Provi dence and we are grateful for them. While we all love our country the man is not true to his country unless he is true to his State— his home— and it is in the home I that we begin to make citizens for a great republic. "Again, a man is not true to his country if he does not patronize the industries and manufactures of his home." The speaker then referred to what the ; Union Iron Works had done for the coast industries. It had dispensed $10,000,000 within the past few years in wages and in other ways. The steamer Pern, built for I the Paciiic Mail Steamship Company at the Potrero works, was referred to as a representative object. All the material in that vessel had been the product of our country. The same company had also j had the steamer China built oii the Clyde, j and no American workman reaped the benefit of a dollar from the work and no American product had been used. "Is not that an object lesson," continued the speaker, "and does it not show how we should stand ? Is it not plain that it is betier to see our mechanics at work? They pay taxes, buy the necessaries of life, send their children to the public schools and educate them in the duties of citizen ship. I say, buy nothing unless it is made iin our iState. If it is a windmill or an en i gine or a bicycle, do not buy it unless it is made in California. I believe in good wages for workingmen and in upholding the dignity of labor. In this grand land of i ours every man over 21 years of age is the peer of any other man if he is a good citizen." Mr. Perkins then went on to say that there was no government existing to-day which hpld out greater possibilities to its people than the United States. It was here that any existing wrongs could be j righted by the people and every one could j get fair ulay. Under these conditions, j Californians themselves would be to blame if they did not advance industrially. They should, in very pride of their State, stand shoulder to shoulder and assist each other. It was a time now for all to feel j neighborly, and for each one when he sells anything, sell it to his neighbor, or if he buys anything, buy it from his neigh bor. This policy was the secret of success in a movement such as the Manufacturers' Association had started. In conclusion he expressed his hearty sympathy with the cause, and pledged himself to do all in his power to assist the movement. The Senator was listened to with close attention, and his remarks were frequently interrupted by hearty applause. Horace Davis was next introduced by Chairman Scott. He expressed surprise at the enthusiasm that was manifest, saying he had scarcely expected to see so much interest taken in home products. He was ! glad to find himself disappointed. He said, in part: There is not a man here, I suppose, who would not like to see every idle man to San Francisco employed, or who would not like to see every "to let" sign taken from the windows. The quickest, way to bring about such a con dition is by patronizing home industries, and it is to promote interest in home manufactures that the Manufacturers' and Producers' Associa tion was organized. Mr. Davis divided the community into three classes— those who produce the raw material, those who lit the raw material for consumption, and the distributor. He showed the benefits the State would de rive if all these classes co-operated with one another. He said he had observed that those nations, the people of any one of which live within themselves, while at the same time sending their products abroad, are the most prosperous. He cited France as an example, and said hard times are felt less there than in any other nation, be cause the people patronize one another more than in any other country. The speaker reviewed the history of the State, beginning with the gold era of 184y, when, a= he termed it, there were only two classes of industries— the gold-digger and the man wno furnished him with supplies. "Everything had to be imported. This state of affairs could not continue," said he, "and the people began to look toother industries. They commenced to raise grain and in a few years sufficient wheat was raised for all the" home consumption." Then the speaker narrated the manner in which other industries were opened up as years went by until raw materials of nearly all kinds were produced at home and people began to manufacture, and then, he said, the real prosperity of the State began. To emphasize the great good that would accrue to the people of the State if they all patronized each other, the speaker cited his own business as an example, the mill ing business. He estimated that there are 25,000 flooring-mil! employes in the State and that the number of people dependent on them as 50,000. "If," said he, "every one bought home-made flour what an in crease there would be in this one industry alone, and the same thing is true of every other industry." Mr. Davis closed with a strong appeal to the citizens of San Francisco to patronize home industries. Samuel M. Snortridge was next intro duced by the chairman as one who might give the association some legal advice upon the subjpet of the evening, and he added, smiling, the audience would en joy hearing the same. Mr. Shortridge responded in his felicit ous way. "I can assure you," he said, "that al though I have not been retained to give any legal advice I would be happy and proud to be a counsellor for you, but on this occasion, when I see such a repre sentative gathering before me, I feel that advice from you to me would be more wholesome. "I did not come here to make an address, but to listen and be entertained. I have been by those who preceded me, and I will not make any extended remarks, for I am anxious, as I know you are, to hear what Judge Maguire has to tell us." Mr. Shortridge spoKe of the purposes of the Manufacturers' Association and the objects of the meeting. He had, he re marked, always been a consumer, and was proud of the fact. Every Californian should be proud of our industries and products. There is no reason why the citizens of this City and State should not be happy, pros perous and lucratively employed as well us the citizens of any other State. [Ap plause.] Nature had been more than gen erous in endowing our* State, and if that was a basis of happiness our people must be happy. But much depends on the people them selves. There can be no happiness where the laws are iniquitous or where public officials are not honest and fearless. [Ap plause.] "But," said the speaker, "let us hope our officials are honest and fearless, or if they are not, will be." [Applause.] "Yes, we will hope they will be honest and fear less, fearing nothing but God, in their en deavors to do right. If so, then we will have prosperity in the Stateand its further advancement will rest with the people themselves in the fostering of their indus tries and products. "This association is designed to popu larize home products — the products of Cali fornia hands, California farms, California workshops. Knowing this and realizing all that it means to us, let us encourage the principle in every way. If we want flour, wine or anything else why send abroad for it? Keep the money at home. Everything can be had here at reasonable prices if the producers and consumers only co-operate. The prosperity of the State depends upon it, and in encouraging this association in the work it is doing we are assisting California products and indus tries." When Congressman Maguire was intro duced by Chairman Scott he received a grand ovation from the great audience, and after a few facetious remarks which put the assemblage in a happy humor, he Baid: "I am here to express my sympathy with the purpose of tne Manufacturers' and Producers' Association. The movement has already accomplished much, and I can see the most glorious prospects for the future. The course the society has taken will arouse the latent patriotism of the whole people and the most gratifying re sults wiil be obtained. "Production and consumption." said the speake?, "are the two great principles of mankind. Every man produces that he may consume and that thereby his happi ness may be promoted. Every man who produces anything produces something that he will consume for his own wants. The man who produces wheat produces also boots, clothing and all the things he needs in life, for he produces that which will purchase them. In doing this every man must do the best he can for himself. If he can do this by patronizing his neigh bor, who also produces something:, he is building up the community and is thus, to the greatest possible degree, promoting his own interest." ; The speaker next alluded to the quality of the articles produced in California, and held that in great part they are equal to those produced in any part of the world. "But, said he, ''we must have concerted action in making this fact known to the world. There is another influence," said the speaker, "which I wish to call to your attention. It is an influence which is the outgrowth of the struggle for wealth abroad, which has been a most potent factor in impeding the development of our industries. The excellent quality of our fruit and certain other products has ac quired a reputation so enviable that dealers palm off a cheaper and poorer article for the California one and make an increased profit. "California's fruitage cannot be equaled and her vintage cannot be excelled. Yet the State is condemnsd in the East be cause of this practice. It is to this evil that your earnest attention should be di rected. California's resources cannot be equaled in the world and the most diver sified industries should be carried on and their development not obstructed by any influence moral suasion can remove." Mr. Maguire turned his attention to the labor subject briefly, pointing out the way he believed labor should be employed that it might be at a profit, and then turning to the theme of the evening said : "I do not believe any Californian should go abroad for anything lie can purchase at home that is just as good and just as cheap as the foreign article. The failure of our people to patronize home industries as they should is, I believe, due to the lack of knowledge of the quality and price more than to any other reason. In com parison with Eastern-made goods I think the average person lias a very poor idea of what those of California really are. It should be one of the duties of this associa tion to enlighten them on this point." The speaker paid a tribute to the achieve ments of theLnion Iron Works, and said that the warships that institution has built are the best in the navy. He again touched on the labor question and continuing with his subject said : "We have here, as elsewhere, a contra dictory and illogical way of looking at home industries. With one hand we build them up and with the other we impede their progress. I would patronize every industryin California, but I would go fur ther. I would set them free from taxa tion." He referred to the case of Louis iana, where fifteen years ago a constitu tional amendment was adopted exempting all manufacturers from taxation for ten years. "During that period," said the speaker, "the people of the world were called to witness Louisana's progress. Taxes stifle industries, whereas they should be given every encouragement, for in their develop ment lies the prosperity of the whole nation." Mr. Manure's peroration was an eloquent appeal to all the people to build up their industries according to the plans mapped out by the Manufacturers' and Producers' Association by giving the home article the preference when the quality and price were equal. Following Congressman Maguire Dr. Julius Koebig spoke as follows: Among the industries for which California Js peculiarly adapted, the manufacture of siiEar from beets oequpies a foremost place. I here wish to contradict an opinion which is as unjustified as it is often repeated, viz., that beet sucar is inferior in quality and sweetness to cane sugar. The great sugar producers of the world to-day are the sugar beet and the sugar cane. The former is essentially a product of the temper ate zone, while the latter is the child of the tropics. The beet has undergone a long and tedious process of development until its per centage of sugar was raised from 4%— 6 per cent in 1845 to 12— 17 per cent and more to-day. Can the beet-sugar industry be successfully carried on in California on an extensive scale"? To answer this question we have to ascertain if sugar beets can be raised in our soils and climate and then if we are in a position to suc cessfully manufacture the sugar therefrom. In reference to the growing of the beets the question has been most successfully answered in the affirmative by the at present existing in dustries in this State, and more especially by the pioneer work done by the Agricultural Experiment Station in Berkeley. The result is that beyond a doubt we can grow beets of a higher percentage in sugar and of a higher coefficient of purity than is jjossible in the less favored European countries. Also the toiinage per acre is generally higher than in Europe. Every careml experiment in this direction shows the possibility of obtaining beets with, at least 10 per cent of sugar and a purity co efficient of eighty-five or more. Vnfortunately'some of the published reports have originated the idea in the public mind that the sugar beet does not only thrive well on the alkali lands of this State, but that these alkali lands are precisely the location to be chosen for the Dest culture. This is a very grave mistake. For the California farmer the beet-sugar in dustry will be of equal beneht. The cultiva tion and delivery oi the beets cost not to ex ceed $25 per acre. The yieid is about fifteen tons. He consequently receives, at per ton, $60 per acre for his crop, or $35 over and above his expenses. At the present price for wheat, grapes, fruit, etc., I believe this is a re turn upon the land which is most desirable, especially since the crop is sold before it is sown. Upon this fact that the farmer as well as the manufacturer is in a position to successfully and profitably embark in this industry, I base my tirm belie'i that in the near future the man ufacture of beet sugar will be one of the lead ing industries of the State. It is true that the present Government pro tection is very limited, but on the other hand, we have the vast consumption of two million tons per year in the United States, of which we only produce a'oout a sixth. Furthermore, ex perience has proved repeatedly that protection will be forthcoming if needed. Three States in the Union, namely, Nebraska, Utah and Wash ington, have already independently granted a sugar bounty for beet-sugar. Besides this, pub lic sentiment seems to point to a restitution of a protection by the National Government. The great importance of this beet-sugar in dustry for California can be best explained at the hand of some figures. A sugar factory of 350 tons daily capacity will require a capital of about $300,000. The area to be planted in beets for its supply consists of 3000 acres. The annual payments for these Deets at the rate of $4 per ton amounts to $140,000. The amount to be expended for salaries, wages and manu fueturing expenses is about $100,000 per year. If ten such factories, for which there is ample room and .splendid opportunity, would be es tablished, it would mean tne distribution of the following vast amounts: In capital for in vestment, if 5,000,00 0: in annual expenditure to the farmers for their crop of 30,000 acres, 01,400,000; for wages and running expenses, $1,000,000. Thette figures in themselves are important enough to prove the desirability of trying our utmost to secure the immediate promotion of this industry for our State with all means at our disposal. This, however, is not by far the entire benefit which will be deprived'therefrom. The large demand for machinery will stimulate our iron industry to a period of unprecedented activity. The demand for fuel will materially advance the development of ourcoal fields and oil beds. jßesides this, the beet-sugar industry where everithas been introduced has never failed to create large and prosperous settlements around the center of its activity, thereby stim ulating trade ana commerce in ail its branches. We are now annually importing 1,700,000 tons of sugar into the United States, for which we pay to foreign farmers and manufacturers the vast amount of about $100,000,000. It Is certainly worth while to try and keep this sum at home for the benefit of our own farmers and manufacturers. We started in, a short time ago, to free ourselves from the grasp of the railroad monop oly. Why should we not follow this up by further advancing our agricultural interests in erecting our own factories for the manufacture of sugar from beets? We will thereby give profitable occupation to thousands of onr farmers and wageworkers; we will offer large quantities of freight to our transportation companies; we will attract the attention of investors and actual settlers to the unrivaled opportunities in our State. In addition to this we will create a market for our home pro ductions far beyond the boundaries of Califor nia and usher in a period of prosperity for our State the nature and extent of which has not been dreamed of by the stalwart pioneers in 1849. California has experienced its first period of prosperity under the American rule through the richness of her gold and silver deposits; the second as a producer of wheat and as a stock raising State. Its third and more lasting period as a manufacturing country is just now beginning, ana I feel confident that Califor nians will not miss the opportunity. At the conclusion of Dr. Koebig's re marks Chairnian £cott thanked the audi ence for their attention and declared the meeting adjourned. A Family Jar. GREAT AMERICAN IMPORTING TEA CO.'S Stores are soiling MASOX FRUIT JAR 3 At greatly reduced prices. ] dozen jars, pints, in box 50c 1 dozen jars, quarts, in box 60c 1 dozen jars, lialf gallons, in box 80c Inspect our Improved Jelly Glasses, 35c per doz. ; He Wore the Trousers. J. W. Brown, alias Pat Murphy, was arrested last night by Detective Cody for burglary. He broke into Auzanhorf's dairy, near the Six mile House, and helped hiruseif to a quantity of clothing and a few articles of jewelry. When apprehended he had on some of the stolen clothes. Brown is an ex-convict. Tho Wave To-day. While the wisdom of the Wave's attitude on the labor question may be open to grave objec tion, there is no questioning the vigor of its editorial tone. An interesting feature of the issue is an article by W. A. Maglnnis explain ing in lucid way the basis of the Supreme Court's decision on the income tax. Under the head of Personalties one finds some curious reminiscences of the Poet Lezinsky, and some entertaining paragraphs about Alvinza Hay wnrd, Mayor Sutro and Mr. Phelan are com mented upon. There is an amusing budget of journalistic gossip, together with comments on the Fair will and other topics of interest. In Society is found the usual budget of gossip abont the resorts, some jolly stories from Del Monte and the Crags, together with the latest from San Rafael and the Vendome. There is no questioning the improvement in the manner and makeup of The Wave. A NEW SCHOOLHOUSE. Finance Committee of the Supervisors Accept Architect "Welsh's Plans. The Finance Committee of the Board of Supervisors yesterday accepted the plans of Architect T. J. Welsh for an Eight-class primary School on the Haight-street lot, and the cleric was in structed to advertise for proposals for the work. Bids are to be made with the un derstanding that the amount to be paid by the board will be limited to the amount to the credit of the special school fund on August 1, 1595, and that the successful bidder will have to look to the Board of Education for the balance of his money. In the matter of the Lincoln School lease the clerk was instructed to request the Mayor, City and County Attorney, and the Finance Committee of the Board of Education to be present at the meeting of the Finance Committee on Friday next to discuss the matter. AN INEXO3ABLE LANDLADY. B. Mills Blames Her for His Child* Dangerous Illness. B. Mills is a very angry man and thinks the law does not provide for all the exigen cies that arise and of which unoffending people must be the victims. He and his wife and two children were tenants of Mrs. Tucker of 113 Fell street until a few days ago. His story Is that he was $7 in arrears for rent, and that in his absence the landlady put his wife and children cut of the rooms. All were clad in their nightgowns, and as a result of the exposure the six-weeic old infant is very ill. General McComb of the Society for the Prevention of Ciuelty to Children informed him that no matter what the sympathies i of the society may be it can take no action in the case, because the cruel treatment was not inflicted by a guardian. The child may die as the result of the exposure. A Dangerous Medicine. August Classen, a lad 16 years of age, was brought to the Receiving Hospital by his father and an officer in the patrol-wagon last night, suffering from a violent attack of insanity. He imagined he was God, and became homicidal in his demeanor when his father attempted to control him. The father, who lives at 1419 Baker street, thinks the malady is the result of a medicine which the boy's aunt gave him for catarrh last Saturday. Jumped Through a "Window. Mary Furrer, an insane woman, recently an inmate at Agnews Asylum. sr»rang through a window and » skylight at 336^ Tehama street last night and was badly cut aoout the arms and limbs. Arrived L.aat Xight. The Pacific Ocean water reached the Lurline Baths on Bush and Larkin streets at 10 o'clock last night* Cardinal Ruffo Scilla, who died the other day, was the head of the princely house of Ruffo di Calabria, His death leaves only three Cardinals who are lav princes in the sacred college — Cardinal Honenlohe, bro ther of the German Chancellor; Cardinal Bonaparte, grandson of Lucien and Senior Bonaparte, and Cardinal Schonborn, Arch bishop of Prague. NEW TO-DAY. SCHOOL SHOES ■ For Boys and Youths — Beaver Calf, strong and very durable. Factory Price: SIZES: 2V a to 6 $1.75 11 to 2 1.50 For Misses and Girls — Pebble Goat; a very strong shoe and ex- ceptionally neat in appearance. Factory Price: SIZES: 11 to 2 $1.15 8 to 10Va... oOc S to 7Vi.... 75C AT THE BIG FACTORY RETAILING at FACTORY PRICES (ROSENTHAL, FEDER & CO.) 58 1-583 MARKET ST., OPEN EVENINGS. \ READ THE SILVER ADVOCATE A WEEKLY JOURNAL Devoted to the remonetization of silver and the promotion of the In- dustrial Interests of the Pacifio Coast. It will advocate the rights of bimetallism and will enunciate per- sonally the views of the most promi- nent men In the city. SINGLE COPIES, 1 0 CENTS. For sale at all news stands, on trains and boata ?2 60 per year, delivered by carriers In the city, or mailed to any address. Publication office, 420 MONTGOMERY STREET Rooms 36 and 39.