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VOLUME LXXVIII.-NO. 51.
ASQUITH THEIR MAN The Liberals May Find a Moses in This Leader. PLANS OF THE TORIES. England May Soon Overlook Her Own Struggles in the Gathering Clouds. THAT AFFAIR IN BULGARIA. Once More There Appears a Good Prospect for War in the East. Copyrightc.l, 1896, by the iCew York Times.] LONDON*, Eva., July 20.— Ex-Secretary H. H. Asquith's turning up with a notably increased majority is in its way quite as dramatic an episode on the electoral battle field as Harcourt's phenomenal tumble at the very outset of the tight. His defeat bad been so entirely taken for granted that bets of 10 io 1 against him were offered satirically in the National Liberal Club Thursday night amid laughter at the no tion that anybody would be silly enough to take them. Naturally the amazement Bt his victory, which is ably a per sonal triumph over immense odds, is promptly followed by the excited conclu- j eion that ho is a heaven-sent mortal who is to lead the Liberals out of the wilder ness, and people talk as if he would be hailed with acclamation at once as the leader of the party. This is not the case. No voice will be raised when the forlorn remnants of the party get together in opposition to Har court's re-election as the House of Com mons' chief, but undoubtedly events have thrust Asquith forward a long way to the front of everybody else or as heir apparent to that post. What is more to the point is that his ad vancement destroys practically every ar gument in favor of the party remaining committed, etc., to the reputation of the disastrous Rosebery experiment. If it be true that the Liberals need a young chief tain, there is no longer the necessity of going to the Lords for one. Asqnith is younger still than Rosebery and will have in the new House of Commons not only the prestige of his splendid electoral suc cess, but the authority, based on the best administrative work done in any depart ment of the Liberal Government. His great fault is a certain steeliness of mind, which is apt to chill human contact, but *be Liberals no longer attach the import ance they formerly did to a genial mien and funny after-dinner speeches. Unless all signs fail Herbert Asquith if ill be Prime Minister before Rosebery is. The discussion as to the cause of this overwhelming rout of Liberalism has long since grown wearisome. If you adopt the theory that the defeated candidates are the best judges of what struck tliem there is practically the unanimous explanation of beer, and not only, they say. did the lower classes rally vehemently in support of the publicans but the recent conversion of many of the great breweries into limited companies has turned thousands of mid dle-class Liberals into small shareholders or trustees of brewery stock, to protect which they and all their friends unhesi tatingly deserted tne party. It certainly is true that all these brewery stocks have gone up during the week; but this is only one phase of the general demoralization that has been steadily increasing since Gladstone, failing to command his own way in tne party, left it to its own devices, and here in London I fancy the increase of rates had still more to do with the crash than the beer issue. The progressive City Council tried nobly to make London cleaner, healthier and more beautiful, but it could not be done for nothing and the small taxpayer re sented the extra cost. There was, more over, in the poorer districts of London especially, the grossest public corruption, some of which will, one is glad to hear, be brought before the courts. Unfortunately ff>ooo has to be deposited as a guarantee before an election petition can be heard, and if Harry Marks, whose victory even Tories blush at, is aliowed to retain his «eat without inquiry it wili be -because his antagonist has no money to pay lawyers. Public indignation in his district ran so tiigh the night of the election that the bal lots had to be carried into another division to be counted, for fear that otherwise he Would have been killed by the mob. The question of what tiie Tory Govern k ment is to do now that they have this ex traordinary majority behind them, is easily answered. To the best of their ability they will do nothing. Chamber lain's congenital restlessness may produce a mock semblance of legislative activity, but the dead weight of Toryism is heavy enough to prevent his accomplishing much in the way of change. It is thought pos sible that Sir Michael Hicks Beach, the new Chancellor of the Exchequer, who is the special representative of the squir archy, may partially undo Harcourt's death duty work. But these taxes once laid are rarely remitted. The school sys tem will suffer most by being pushed fur ther back into the slough of cierical mas tery from which it has just begun to emerge, and an abrupt end will be put to London's aspirations or unification and municipalization of its water and gas sup plies, streetcars, etc. There is much Tory talk about distributing the se:its on the basis of one vote for one value. They are full of the idea. This would enable them to take 200 seats from Ireland, but this would involve either a repeal or the flagrant violation of the act of union, and even then it is doubtful if they would not lose more by the destruction of their own little rotten boroughs in England and Scot land than the thing come to. From all appearances they are going to try the policy of taffy in Ireland. So long as the country is quiet, there will be no attempt to return to coercion, and I hear much of an intention to propose abolish ing Dublin Castle and the Grand Jury - system, siving the Irish County councils instead of the latter, and sending the Duke Of York to hold the royal residence in place of the Viceroy. They may also pass • land bill not greatly differing from John The San Francisco Call. "PLEASE WAIT A MINUTE, PAPA, DEAR; WE CAN'T COME TILL MAMMA GETS THROUGH READING "THE CALL." [Sketched from life by a "Call" artist, illuitrating the fact that this journal is popular with the ladies, and therefore it a valuable advertising medium.) Morley's lapsed measure. These things will be sharply resisted by the Irish landlord party and a certain section of their British friends. But just now, at any rate, their disposition is to tell these gentry to take a back seat. This conciliatory policy, if patiently pur sued, might keep Ireland relatively quiet, even though it changed no votes anywhere in the island. But the chances of hitches and exasperations are too multitudinous for this possibility to be of much value. With a narrow majority the Tories would have been prepared to go a considerable way toward home rule under some other name. Now there is no strategic reason for thinking of such a thing. It is hard to see any ground upon which it would pay them to try to make a bargain with any section of the Irish Nationalists. They are much more likely to find them selves by next spring under the circum stances to club them all impartially and govern the Catholic parts of the island once more by force. This prospect will do much to draw the Irish together again. The victories in Derry and North Tyrone were both gained by special arrangement of ail three Nationalist factions to sus pend animosities and rivalries within the districts involved. It is not impossible to do this elsewhere if stern necessity arises. If Edward Blank would return home and take Dillon with him on a prolonged visit it could be done easily enough, but such continued stupidity as that of presenting the Liberal party with North Tyrone when it is known perfectly well that it could be won by the Nationalists, or the even more painful folly by which David Sheehy, the secretary of the federation, through sheer, bumptious ignorance, sacrificed Kil kenny to the Parnellites, is difficult to bear in silence. Ireland is beginning to under stand this and if its exiled sons will only leave it alone it will put things right of its own accord. It will only be so long as its advertising egotists and sharpers are pro vided with outside money to maintain bands of heelers and run the country in their own way that Irish affairs will re main in the present unhappy muddle. But all these political calculations and forecasts, it should not be forgotten, are subject here to contingencies which no man can foresee. The three kingdoms have been as en grossingly self-centered the past fortnight as if, like the United States, they almost occupied a planet by themselves, and already, however, it is becoming borne in on them that they have eot neighbors. Before the last of these foolishly straggling constituencies declare their belated results next week England will be thinking much more about her affairs beyond her coast lines than of anything at home. Appar ently great events are in the air. Stambouloff 's revolting murder is taken SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 21, 1895-TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. all over Europe, and here as well, to be- ' token the breaking up of the state of i things in the East which has existed since the treaty of Berlin. The circumstances of the crime itself are relatively of little importance by comparison with the fact that the young Czar, Wednesday, even while Bulgaria's great man lay in the death agony, received at Peterhof a Bui- j garian deputation, headed by Stambouloff 's ancient enemy, Metropolitan Clement, and promised that he would not withhold his protection from the Bulgarian people in the future. It is not necessary to sug gest that Russia has put Stambouloff to death, or even that she Jcnew what his assassins, who had been maintained by her money for years, were going to do. It may pass as a coincidence that she finally was ready to reassume the old dominion over Bulgaria at the very moment when the one man able to resist her is hacked to pieces on the streets by bravos in her pay. It is the fact that she is on the point of putting her hand on Bulgaria which counts. Queen Victoria and the Prince of Wales have not sent to the widow of the low-born Bulgarian attorney in a distant and ob scure town which has only known Chris tian rale eighteen years repeated messages of condolence longer than they sent to Mrs. Garfield and Mme. Carnot, for noth ing. Lord Salisbury was not Foreign Secre tary in April, 187S, when 8300 Sepoy troops were brought .to Malta, for nothing. From that day to this England has held itself to have interests paramount to those of all other nations in preserving the status quo in the Balkans and the Black Sea. No doubt under Gladstone this position would not be insisted upon, and even in part waived, but the events of the last few years have made the Liberals quite as anti- Russian in feeling as the Disraelian jingos were. They abominate the Turk of course, but they all come around to the point at least of hating official Russia. Salisbury, returning to power with a great party majority at his back, may securely act as if he had the mandate of the whole nation to oppose the expansion of Russian influence in Europe. I discovered long ago that a prophet never gives dates. In this case it is plain enough that the way has been hewn open for troubles that may involve all Europe, but it is quite another matter to say how long shifting diplomacy or the mere inertia of human nature may delay the climax. If Prince Ferdinand, who is being curstd by unanimous consent as the meanest and most craven sneak and scoundrel produced by royalty since ancient times, does not return to Sofia, the first move in the game will turn upon the discovery of who has the upper hand in Bulgaria and by whom they intend to re place him. Upon this, or alongside of it, will come the development of the form which the Czar's protection is going to take. It will probabJy not be until then that England will be able to make sure what support she can command for the counter-demonstra tion. It is noticeable that while the Par isian press, eager as ever to pay court to Russian taste, abuses the dead Stam bouloff, the united journalistic voice of Berlin, Vienna, Pesth and Rome is raised in violent wrath against his murderers direct and indirect and in denunciation of Russia as above all others responsible for the crime. This newspaper clamor, while it com mits nobody, shows clearly enough how the wind of public opinion is blowing. If the Triple Alliance decides that this affords a proper pretext for overtaction it is obvi ous that the people of Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary will approve with senti mental enthusiasm. Events may, therefore, move slcwly or swiftly, but it seems beyond doubt that the storm cloud of the Eastern question so long hanging as a menace over Europo is at last on the point of breaking. It is always pdssible that the big powers will shelter themselves under combinations and bargains in other people's goods and that the burst cf the tempest will fall only on the States and helpless folk generally. But for ten years back there has been no time when the season of complications that menace an ending in war seemed so closf; at hand as now. By a fortuitous accident it has been dis covered that the spire of Salisbury Cathe dral, which for six centuries has been the most unique in height and perfection in the world, is in imminent danger of fall ing. Up to the time of the Stuarts this vast pile used to settle periodically until finally a deflection of two feet was reached. Since then there has been no change and it became f.n article of faith that the thing was as secure as a mountain, but now sud denly a dangerous state of affairs has been revealed and the Dean issued an urgent appeal to-day for $25,000 for immediate re pairs which he promises shall not be at all in the nature of a so-called restoration. Renan's posthumous memoir of his sister, Henrietta, who died in Palestine in 1861, has not yet found an English trans lator, but it is enjoying exceptional sales in Paris, where critics agree in rinding in the little volume not only the choicest ex amples of his matchless style, but also a revelation of tenderness, sweetness and exalted and innate piety in the man him self transcending anything shown in the rest of his works. Sir Henry Irving's cup overflows this week. Thursday, at Windsor, though j numerous other new Knights were gath i ered with him to receive the formal acco j lade from the sovereign, he was the only j one to whom the Queen volunteered the personal addition of the words, "I have very great pleasure." Yesterday at the I Lyceum he was the central ligure of a j gathering which certainly has no parallel jin human records. There were 4000 men j and women who passed the doors on the I presentation of their visiting cardg as j actors and actresses, which gives one new ideas as to the size of the profession. What was even more remarkable is that it is probably safe to say that there was not one of this huge throng who was not stirred by real admiration and affection for Irving, though to many of them he was merely a name. It is really an extraordi nary achievement in a craft historically prone to jealousies and uneasy egotisms to have climbed as he has Dy force of his own character into an atmosphere wholly free from this taint. It is now understood that "Trilby" at the Haymarket will differ considerably from the American version, but the changes are likely to be amicably agreed upon be tween Dv Maurier and Paul Potter, which at one time seemed unlikely to be the case. The play will be tried first in the prov inces, and will not reach London until the end of October. Murray is to publish in the autumn a work of monumental proportions in the shape of Gibbons' hitherto unprinted lit erary remains, long in the possession of the Earls of Sheffield. These include his journal of 1762-64, a very large correspond ence with his family and intimates, and the full text of all seven of the quite differ ent autobiographies he at various times composed. What is known as his auto biography is, of course, a loose compilation of extracts from all of these, md the pub lication in extenso of the originals will be extremely interesting. Marie Engle, whose success has been one of the features of the late operatic season here, signed yesterday with Abbey, Schof fel <fc Grau for the Metropolitan Opera houae. t Hakold Fkedeeic. OHAMBESLAIFS EEVIEW. 1 This Correspondent Also Sees Dark, Threatening War Clondg Hang ing Over the East. [Copyright, 1895, by the New York Sun.] LONDON, Ekg., July 20.— The assassina tion of Stambouloff, which shocked all Europe except France, is only one of sev eral recent events which have aroused the gravest uneasiness over Balkan affairs and it will not be surprising if Europe's annual summer war scare be uased upon the situation in the troublesome penin sula. The Macedonian situation was be coming a little easier, when this blood v deed was done. The belief strengthens that Russia will recognize Prince Ferdi nand. The opinion also grows that other important events are pending, but nobody assumes sufficient wisdom to forecast their nature. The general reopening of the Balkan question by the powers would be regarded on all sides as disastrous at the present moment. Still signs multiply tbat the Armenian situation soon will become acute again, which, in combination with the crisis known to exist in Constantinople, may compel the powers to adopt drastic measures toward Turkey. Active inter ference once begun will be almost sure to lead to a radical readjustment of all Turk ish relations. The chorus of eulogy in which the press of all countries except France joins over the dead statesman is only less significant than the flood of indignation and contempt poured upon Prince Ferdinand. Rarely have English newspapers indulged in such intemperate vituperation as they heap upon this unhappy princeling. The press of France, which is equally extreme and unnatural in apologizing for the assassins and hardly veils its satisfac tion at the fall of Bulgaria's man of iron, has tbe decency to print Stambuloff's recent words in defense of his harsh measures while he was Premier. The dead statesman said to a French inter viewer a few days before his death: "I have killed only the enemies of my country"; and, mentioning the name of a French general, he added: "He shot 30,000 insurgents in behalf of la patrie and he is honored. I have had half a dozen exe cuted for the same reason and I am called a murderer. You see, sir, one must not be a small nation or a little fish." According to current reports Queen Vic toria once more has demonstrated that she is the most tactful sovereign in Europe. The Shahzada gave a grand demonstra tion at Dorchester House this week, at which the Prince of Wales and all the aristocracy remaining in London were present. The affair was such a success that the young men proposed to repeat. This resolve opened up such a prospect of a prolonged stay that the court decided something must be done, and the Queen rose to the occasion. She sent word to Nasrulla that she soon would be proceed ing, by lier doctor's advice, for her custom ary summer stay at her marine residence on the Isle of Wight, and possibly his Highness might like to take his farewell of her at Windsor to-day, thereby avoiding the fatigue and discomfort of a sea passage. The fchahzada rose to the bait beautifully and duly received his farewell audience, presents and decorations this Continued on Second J'aae. PRICE FIVE CENTS. RIVALRY OF METALS Horr and Harvey Take Up Their Eight-Day Debate. SOME AFT COMPARISONS. Carlisle's Utterances of the Past Read With Telling Effect. AS TO THAT BIG CONSPIRACY. The New York Editor Denied It and the Chicago Author Went In to Prove It. CHICAGO, iLr-., July 20.-After a day's rest for the participants the Horr-Harvey debate was resumed at 1 o'clock this after noon. While paying his respects to his opponent of the day's debate, Mr. Horr said : "Since the opening of this discussion he has done little but read essays prepared and written out, tilled up with a lot of in correct and, as I think, untrue verbiage. It is impossible for me to remember and cail attention to all his carefully written and misleading statements. I deny the bulk of the stuff that you have heretofore printed or that you have prepared and are reading from day to day." Resuming the discussion of the law of 1873, the New York champion quoted from W. A. Shaw's "History of Currency" in reference to the first international mone tary conference, held in Paris in 1867, to show that the subject was being agitated by the civilized nations of the world. All the nations except Holland declared in favor of the gold standard after eight daily sessions. It was after this action, in which the United States participated, that the American experts commenced to examine the question and see what legis lation should be enacted. The bill of 1573 simply carried out a resolution of those civilized nations of the world. The silver men from the start had at tempted to smirch that bill by claiming that the officials and members of Con gress were all false to their duties. There was not a word of truth in the yarn told by the silver people and published in a thousand papers all over the United States that a man named Ernest Seyd had visited tbe United States and brought with him $500,000 in gold, and that he paid that gold to secure the passage of that bill. The al legation had been disproved by the letter which was recently found among the pa pers of the late Congressman Hooper, written by Seyd in reply to Mr. Hooper, who had sent him the identical bill and asked his opinion upon it. The letter showed that he opposed the measure .which his traducers said he had spent so much money to get passed. "The report," said Harvey, "of the mone tary conference at Paris in 1867, will con tradict the history that Mr. Horr has read from. Aa to Ernest Seyd and a letter found among Mr. Hooper's effects since he and Seyd died, it reminds me of this. Suppose, in the years to come, some one would say that John G. Carlisle was a bi metalhst and in proof of it read from Mr. Carlisle's speech: 'The demonetization of silver is the greatest crime of the age and its consequences for evil are greater than all the floods and fires and pestilence of tfie past.' Would that prove that Mr. Car lisle was a bimetallist at a particular time when something might be charged against him when he acted as Secretary of the Treasury under Mr. Cleveland? If that Seyd letter, disentombed by the zealous friends and family of Mr. Hooper, was to prove anything it would prove Mr. Hooper falsified when he said that he had sub mitted that bill to distinguished experts and they had all agreed it was the proper thing to do." He continued reading from the Con gressional Record to show thac Mr.Hooper had worked for the passage of the substi tute bill within the hour of its presenta tion without having been read and without the majority of the members knowing that a fundamental question was involved in the bill. Mr. Hooper reiterated in answer to questions put by members that the bill made no change in the coinage or currency laws. In reviewing the history of the bill in the Senate, where it was called up by Mr. Sherman, he said: "It is evident it was the intention of Senator Sherman to con vince the Senate that careful consideration of the bill was necessary, and in this he succeeded, as appears from something that Senator Casserly said during the discus sion provoked by him about abrasion. It is this: 'I will not contest it with him (Sherman), because it is evident very few Senators are paying attention to this sub ject.'" "A provision had been introduced in the House," said Horr, "and was a part of the &CO'§ COPPER_RIYETED AND SPRING BOTTOM PANTS. EVERY PAIR GUARANTEED fOR SALE EVERYWHERE,.