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CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE, Editor and Proprietor. "~X SUBSCRIPTION RATES-Postage Free : Pally and Sunday Call, one week, by carrier. $0.1 5 Pally and Sunday Call, one year, by mail... 6.00 Pally and Sunday Call, six months, by mail 8.00 Dally and Sunday Call, three months, by mall 1.50 Dally and Sunday Call, one month, by mail .50 Sunday Call, one year, by mail 1.50 \V iikiv Call, one year, by mall 1.50 BUSINESS OFFICE : 710 Market Street. Telephone Main— lß6B EDITORIAL ROOMS: 517 Clay Street. Telephone Main— lß74 BRANCH OFFICES: r?0 Montgomery street, corner Clay: open until 9:30 o'clock. . 889 Hayes street: open until 9:30 o'clock. 717 Larkin street; open until 9:30 o'clock. SW. coiner Sixteenth and Mission streets; open until 9 o'clock. ■2518 Mission street: open until 9 o'clock. llbXinth street, open until 9 o'clock. OAKLAND OFFICE: 908 15 roadway. EASTERN OFFICE: rarifie States Advertising Bureau, Rhinelander ruild'ng, Rose and Puaue streets, New York City. THE SUMMER MONTHS. Are yon coin* to the country on a vacation? I' "oi it is SO trouble for ns to forward THE CALL to your address. Do not let it miss you for you will _.;'-s It. Orders given to the carrier, or left at Business Office, 710 Market street, will receive 1 rem j'l attention. Till HSDAY .TaCC. 1, 1895 THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL. The rumble of the Valley road grows more lusty every day. Every man summoned as a juror in the Durrant case wants a change of venue. The European war cloud in Bulgaria is getting so thin anybody can see daylight through it. Senator Quay seems to have more poli itics on his hands just now than anybody else in the Union. Just a3 the lottery evil was about to be crushed some of our contemporaries are trying to revive it. If the Defender should be beaten all the . nterooard cranks in the country would say, "I told you so." The "Crime of the Century" Company are evidently in doubt whether to call this thing a frost or a roast. The eve of the annual fair is an awk ward time for the directors of the Mechan ics' Institute to fall out. California's exhibit at the Atlanta fair will display sunshine, gold and climate in their most alluring forms. Fellows who wish to have a pudding in betting on the international yacht race are as much at sea as the Valkyrie. Adopting the new charter would prob ably rid us of the acts of the Solid Eight by superseding the consolidation act. Two murder cases now before the local courts make a queer disclosure of some men's conception of a citizen's duty. Belvedere's "Night in Venice," arranged for next Saturday evening, will throw a sickly hue o'er the splendor of the stars. General Schofield's demand for more troops at Sitka makes us fear that Presi dent Dole is about to invade that Territory. Afro-Americans have reason to be proud of their representatives, in the League con vention, for the body is an able one in every way. It is disheartening to observe that some newspapers, which have so much power for good, are exercising it for harm in advertising lotteries. " ' Round the world pedestrians and round the world cyclers in these days may walk a little and wheel a little, but they do most of their traveling on their gall. It is not likely that the throbbing ex citement in Chinatown can be allayed ex cept by a highbinder war and a dead Chi naman for breakfast every morning. The agreement between the Valley road directors and the Postal Telegraph Com pany for a telegraph • line along the road shows that the equipment for business is to be complete. We observe that our City contempo raries, heedless of the awakening of public pride and conscience against lotteries, are publishing lists of the drawings and thus encouraging the swindle. The San Francisco company organized to explore Guatemala for petroleum might find it more convenient and profitable to ascertain what California might be able to offer them in that line. * ' If the methods adopted by veniremen to escape jury duty are a fair indication of the community pride, conscience and sense of citizenship it is no wonder that "solid, eights" are elected to the Board of Super visors: • 'I he New York Sun says if no man is a candidate for the Presidency until he avows himself then Cleveland is not a can didate for a third term, but if a man be comes a candidate as soon as he begins to scheme for t a nomination then Cleveland is a candidate. ' - -. • • The intention of the Southern Pacific Company to secure from the State Board of Equalization a valuation based on the earnings rather than on the physical value of the property makes it proper to inquire if the California Legislature has ever passd an income tax law. While the most patriotic, earnest and progressive forces of the State are inducing the people to keep their money at home, some of the daily papers are attempting to break down the movement ! by adver tising swindling lotteries which take money away and give nothing in return. • A number of New York newspaper men and women propose to make a trip to the Atlanta Exposition in a boat by going up the Hudson River, through the Erie canal to the lakes, thence through the Ports mouth canal to the Ohio, then to the Mississippi and up the Tennessee to the point nearest to Atlanta. The expression of* American patriotism made by Senator Mitchell of Oregon is one of the most suggestive definitions that we have ever heard. "In my judgment this country is great enough, powerful enough, resourceful enough to maintain its own monetary policy, irrespective of the wishes or dictation of Great Britain, or any other foreign power on earth." THE ISSUE JOINED. The Solid Eight have filed their answer to the accusation of malfeasance in office, laid recently before the Superior Court The answer, when read carefully, will be found to be a sort of confession and avoid ance which is practically an admission of guilt and which must result in their swift conviction unless the court shall nullify the statute of 1893. The answer of the Solid Eight may for the sake of analysis and criticism be divided into two parts: First, that which alleges the insolvency and general worth lessness of the San Francisco and San Mateo Railway Company as a reason why its application for the franchise was ignored, and second, a denial of any inten tion to commit a breach of the statute of 1893 in proposing to sell the franchise in question to the Market-street Railway Company. Coupled with this denial there is an averment that the manner in which this franchise is advertised to be sold will not in anyway interfere with free compe tition among bidders at its public sale. With respect to the first portion of this answer it should be plain to all that it pre sents an utterly immaterial issue, ln the first place the statute wisely excludes any exercise of such a pretended discretion on the part of the Board of Supervisors as would permit them to ignore an applica tion for a franchise. That this is true is very evident from the fact that the statute expressly requires the franchise to be granted to the highest bidder. It follows that if the board has power under the statute to ignore an applicant for the fran chise in the first instance, it must also have the power to ignore the bid of the same applicant at the sale of the franchise even though he should be the hiehest bidder therefor. One of the clearest and plainest purposes of the act of 1893 was to take away from the Board of Supervisors the power to exercise this dangerous discretion, in order that they might not do the very thing which the Solid Eight are attempting to do in the present instance. The claim that the first applicant for this franchise is irre sponsible is therefore an unimportant issue in the present controversy, and the elaboration with which it is set forth in the answer of the Solid Eight appears to be nothing more nor less than an effort to becloud the real issue before the court with a mass of in consequential averments. The second portion of the answer pre sents the only issue in the case. That issue is whether or not the governing power of a city, in providing for the public sale of a franchise to construct a railroad upon Its streets, can weave into the fran chise proposed to be granted such condi tions and limitations as to make it valuable to but one bidder and utterly worthless to any but that favored one. This is pre cisely what the Solid Eight have done in the present instance. They have resolved that they will sell a franchise to operate a railroad over several streets, but have coupled with and interwoven into that franchise the requirement that the rail road shall be "an adjunct to and exten sion of and operated in connection with" the already existing lines of the Market street Railway Company. By what pos sible bidder could ' such a franchise be utilized save the one of whose railroad system it must be an adjunct and exten sion? The matter is too plain for argument. For this franchise there can be one bid der, and will be but one bid. If the act of 1893, which seems so clear and simple, is susceptible of the construction which the Solid Eight have placed upon it, then, in stead of a protection and a -benefit to San Francisco, it is an injur}*, a delusion and a snare. If the Solid Eight have a right under this act to advertise and sell this franchise as an adjunct to and ex tension of the Market-street Cable Rail way system when the Market-street Railway Company is the applicant, it follows that they have the right to im pose the same conditions upon every other franchise to be sold, no matter who the applicant may be. It follows further that the Solid Eight possess the power to offer in a lump franchises to run railroads over every unoccupied street in the City of San Francisco with the limitation that the purchaser can only utilize them as ad juncts to and extensions of the Market street Railway system. These conclusions are irresistible, and display the utter ab surdity of the defense which the Solid Eight have offered to the charge of mal feasance in office. The issues are now made up and the cause of the people of San Francisco against the Solid Eight is ready for trial. Let there be none of the Jaw's delay in the submission and decision of this case. The interests of the City and of good govern ment demand a prompt and a righteous judgment therein in order that we may understand, and that speedily, how far officials can go in their disregard of duty and evasion of the letter and spirit of the law. INSURANCE AND MURDER. The extraordinary revelations made in connection with the case of Holmes, now under arrest for defrauding insurance com panies, has called renewed attention to the frequency with which crimes of that na ture have been committed in recent years. No other man, it is true, has ever Been charged with so many murders for the sake of insurance money as have been al leged with seeming proof against Holmes, but none the less quite a number have been as guilty as he in purpose if not so successful in accomplishment. The frequency of the crimes shows the extent of the temptation which the mod ern life insurance system has put in the way of unscrupulous villainy. The rascal who plans to defraud an insurance com pany in this way does not at first contem plate murder. He generally begins by trying to pass off the dead body of some other individual as that of the insured person and thus succeed in collecting the insurance. This plan, however, has its drawbacks. It is difficult to carry out, it is easy of detection, and, moreover, it re quires a division of the spoils between two parties. Murder is much simpler and more remunerative, and sooner or later the rascal who begins by trying to palm off bogus bodies ends by furnishing the real ones. It is evident by the increasing number of such crimes that the punishment of one villain does not deter others. The testi mony at the trial of each new offender always discloses some defect in his meth ods which other rascals think they can avoid, and consequently they enter upon the murderous business with a spirit of self-confidence in their ability to evade the law. This being so it is clearly advisable to devise some means of making it less easy to defraud insurance companies in this way; for if the money could not be obtained from the companies there would be no inducement for the murders and the crimes would not be committed. The subject has given rise to consider able discussion in the East, where the hor ror of the atrocities of Holmes has been more acutely felt than here and where such offenses have been more common. One of THE SAiN CISCO CALL, THURSDAY, . AIWIST 1, 181)5. the best suggestions on the subject has been made by ; the New Yor_ Recorder in proposing the enactment of a law requir ing an autopsy to be performed within twelve hours of the death of every insured person, with the provision that the insur ance company should have a representa tive at the autopsy. Such a law would make detection certain in the case of crimes to defraud the companies,' and thereby very largely put an end to them. A law of this kind would of course be offensive to many people, but the offense would be purely a sentimental one which intelligent people might well submit to in the interests of the general good. At pres ent the whole life insurance system is a temptation to criminals. Scarcely a month passes that we do not hear . from some por tions of the United States of the death of some insured person under circumstances that are suggestive of crime. They are not so common on the Pacific Coast a3 in the East, but they are too common every where. They have been incited by the conditions of the insurance business, and it is time those conditions were changed. A WORD WITH VENIREMEN. A notorious and difficult murder trial generally requires the summoning of a large number of citizens from whom to select a jury. Panel after panel is ex hausted and hundreds of men are exam ined and dismissed in the apparently simple task of finding twelve intelligent and fair-minded men to constitute the jury. In this process days and sometimes weeks are consumed, justice is delayed, expense is incurred, private business is interfered with, and the public is kept on an unwholesome and demoralizing strain. All this would be unnecessary if it were not for two petty and deplorable things. The first of these is that men are prone to shirk their duty. Their business may suffer, they must endure a long and severe mental strain; in a sense they are prison ers and at the end they may have to en counter the reprobation of the public. The inducement, therefore, to avoid serv ing is exceedingly strong, and to secure exemption some men run the risk of hav ing it believed of them fhat they have not told the truth under oath. It requires a certain high order of conscience, manhood and citizenship to resist this temptation to commit one of the gravest public wrongs of which an individual is capable. No man who shirks jury duty can call himself a worthy citizen. As a rule we may judge a man's character and citizenship by his willingness or unwillingness to uphold and assist in enforcing the laws which guard his and his neighbors' deepest interests. The chief means by which it is supposed some veniremen disqualify themselves are by testifying that- they do not believe in capital punishment and that they would not convict on .'circumstantial evidence. With regard. to the first objection.it is con scientiously held by a large number of in telligent men. It is largely a matter of sentiment, and argument against it would be unprofitable. A man's intimate friends may be able to determine whether he has sworn falsely in urging it, and they may judge his honesty and citizenship accord ingly. With regard to conviction on what the law defines as sufficient . circumstantial evidence, the holding of a fixed opinion is largely a matter of- intelligence. A man who has not sufficient intelligence to be willing to convict on sufficient circum stantial evidence generally creates a pre sumption that he is not worthy of exercis ing the right to vote. There - are excep tions, but generally a man's intelligence may be judged by his attitude in that matter. The second loophole is found in the holding of an opinion concerning the guilt or innocence of the accused. Some men will swear that they have an opinion so strong that no evidence could remove it. This is a confession of a most'lamentable lack of intelligence. The Judge and law yers know that approximately every per son in the community who has read or heard of the case has an opinion — generally a very strong one— concerning the guilt or innocence of the person charged with the crime. The question as to whether this opinion is held is generally expected to be answered in the affirmative. It is when the venireman shows that he is fair, hon est and intelligent and has the common sense to hear, understand and weigh all : kinds of evidence and render a verdict prompted by ordinary wisdom and justice that he is deemed acceptable, even though he may have an opinion which strong evi dence 'is required to overcome. Many men overlook the fact that the point of view of a juryman is wholly different from that of a private citizen who forms an ; opinion on an exceedingly loose and im perfect presentation of the alleged facts. A trial is the product of a finely adjusted machine and is as nearly perfect as human science can make it. The man who can not understand this difference and cannot appreciate the vastly greater : difference between a loose opinion as a casual reader and the serious obligations and responsi bilities that rest upon him as a juryman sworn to uphold the law, and swears that no evidence could change his opinion, must expect to create a doubt that affects either his truthfulness or his intelligence. AMERICAN FAIRNESS. In an interview with a New York re porter the other day Governor Oate3 of Alabama made a very interesting remark. Speaking of the reopening of factories and a general revival of business, he said: "The best of it all is that manufacturers and employers generally are voluntarily increasing the wages of their men. It is indicative of the spirit of true American fairness, and presages an t amicable and equitable adjustment of the differences be tween labor and capital." In spite of many instances to the con trary, we are all aware that there is such a thing as a "spirit of true American fair ness" and that it is constantly, manifest ing itself on a generous scale. This refers to the spirit of the whole people and must be regarded as an averaged product of in dividual sentiment. In other words, it expresses a kind of balance. Hence, what ever individual instances of meanness and selfishness occur must be regarded as ab normal and sporadic, antagonistic to the prevalent spirit moving the whole mass, weaker than the power which this general spirit exercises and therefore compelled sooner or later to submit to the discipline exercised by the mass. It is in a wise comprehension of this idea and an intelligent effort to foster it that the hope of the country lies. If we should depend entirely upon the laws to compel fairness among the people our Government would not hold together a fortnight." > The weakness of a spirit of fairness among a people can be generally measured by the stringency of its laws and the centralized strength of its Government. Where : force takes the place of fairness this admirable principle no longer is a motive of conduct. Enforced fairness means the absence ; of a conscience, and the enforcing' of fairness blunts the conscience, In a judicious cul tivation of individual accountability the highest human types are produced. ; This principle has made itself so evident within recent years \ that it has *■ been adopted as one of the fundamental ideas in the con duct of American schools. It is distinc tively an American idea. The picture has another side. Where a spirit of fairness prevails there also will be found knavery preying upon and taking advantage of its confidence and generosity. Thus the very things which distinguish the American people for good distinguish them also for bad, and it is the averaged result of this conflict of principles that finally determines their character. And this we know to be on the side of fairness. Fairness is justice pure and simple— not the justice defined by laws and enforced by courts, but that which gives unwritten expression to conscience. It is a standing marvel to Europe that our laws are ad ministered with so open laxity; that the rascals whom we carelessly elect to office are not radically punished for betrayals of a sacred trust; that political "machines," organized for public plunder, are permitted to name their candidates so openly and to support them so shamelessly in their roguery when elected, and that private interests, without fear of molestation, may secure the most valuable privileges by corrupting those charged with guarding the public good. It is all explainable on the ground that there is a spirit of fairness among the people which has innumerable ways of manifesting itself outside the lines of writ ten justice. That is the stay of the people. It is clear, however, that this safeguard comes from material rather than temper amental conditions; that it is a product of prosperity rather than of a superior innate sense of right; that it is subject to the mutations which may affect its source, therefore that it has its peculiar perils which we can guard against only by lend ing to it the stability , of the law, and that it is every one's highest duty to uphold the law, which is the firmer foundation upon which all National justice rests. PERSONAL. Dr. H. L. Pace of Tulare Is at the Palace. ' 7 Rev. Samuel Hirst of Vallejo is a guest at the Grand. Ex-Sheriff and Mrs. W. P. Harvey of Yuba are at the Russ. Professor E E. Barnard of the Lick Observa tory is at the Lick. S. G. Little, a banker of Dixon, registered yes terday at the Russ. 7i'' W. T. Jameson, a big rancher of Bakersfield, is staying at the Russ. . . , V-i-ji 7 Rev. Caleb Ben-Ham of Napa, registered at the Occidental yesterday. T. L. Reed, a big rancher from Reedley, regis tered at the Grand yesterday. General T. W. Shcehan of the Sacramento Record-Union is at the Occidental. "77 J. P. Houseman, one of the managers of the Vina ranch, is a guest at the Russ. William Gillette, the playwright, returned to the Palace yesterday from Monterey. ■ W. H. Clary, a prominent mining man of Sheep Ranch, and his son, William H. Clary, are at the Lie-. ■ %-.7 : N. A. Covarrubias .of Los Angeles, United States Marshal of the Southern District of Cal ifornia, is at the Palace. Isaac Sierra, a prominent merchant of Guate mala, came in on the San Juan yesterday and went to the Occidental. John M. Vance, one of the leading capitalists of Humboldt County, and Mrs. Vance registered yesterday at the Grand. M. Hunsaker of Pittsburg, Pa., a lieutenant colonel on the staff of the Governor of .that State, is a guest at the Palace. H. M. La Rue, president of the Railroad Com mission, came down from Sacramento yester day and put up at the Occidental. Samuel McMurtrie of Denver, who is inter ested with his brother in cutting tunnels on the line of the coast road in San Luis Obispo County, is at the Palace. Louis Dussand, a son of the French engineer who is building the big drydock jetty for the Chilean Government at the harbor of Talca huano, arrived by the San Juan yesterday and went to the Occidental. - - **~zz UP-TO-DATE IDEAS. To the Editor of the Call— Sir: This is the end view which is left open so the paddles and in terior may be seen. This machine may be any height and of any reasonable length. It can be constructed with galvanized sheet and angle iron. Any handy man can construct it, as it is very simple. 3S£EhS The wind in this city and on the coast blows In one direction as a rule for about ten months in the year, therefore the machine is made fixed firm and solid facing the winds. If the wind should change in the opposite direction the wheel will run in the same direction. Moreover, if the end casings are constructed so THE SAN FRANCISCO WIND-ENGINE. as to catch the wind when in the line of the axle it would give sufficient power even in that direction. This wind engine can be constructed with wind-pressure balance shutters, so that it would work automatically. As any one may see, the San Francisco wind engine is station ary,' so that it differs from all others in that particular. It can be made in compartments, of any height and of any length, with as' few bearings as would be necessary, and by using R. W. Hent frictioniess roller bearings any power could be obtained, from 1 horse to 500 power. My son and I have looked over the patent reports for twenty years, and find that it has not been patented. This can be used for raising sand or water for an overshot-wheel, whereby it would double its power capacity, and also for compressing air. It may also run an electric motor, and can, In fact, be made serviceable wherever power . is needed. I have given this informa tion to the public so that no one can have the machine patented, and for the good of man kind. A. W. Manning. • San Francisco, July 31, 1895. AROUND THE CORRIDORS. One of the arrivals by the San Juan yesterday from the South was Louis Dussand, son of the French builder of the great dock and jetty at the harbor of Calcahuano, Chile. Mr. Dussand yesterday at the Occidental, in speaking of this work said: "Calcahuano is the largest and best port on the coast of Chile, with an Island at the entrance and good facilities for defense. It is expected to be more a war harbor than a commercial port. The work now being done is only the beginning of what the Government proposes to do. A drydock COO meters long and a. jetty costing 13,000,000 francs is the work that my father has been doing." Asked about, the political outlook in Chile he said : "It looked, when I left, very, much as if the Conservatives and the Government were losing strength, and that the Liberals or Radi cals, the old Balmacedists, would come back to power." :■--".■....::- GREEN AND McFEE. THE EDITOR INDORSES THE SALVATIONIST'S FARM SCHEME. To the Editor of the Call: I ; noticed some days ago that some workingmen's organization had resolved against the farm plan of relief for the unemployed because, as ; they . say,- it ■ would afford no relief to ] married men. Captain Mc- Fee, of the Salvation \ Army, is disposed ; to admit that it will not afford relief to them, ex cept that it will take the single men out of j competition. - ..■■■'"'•■' Now there is no reason in the world why it should not benefit men with; families. There would have to be some sort of support for the whole business until ; a start was made. , Men cannot go out without something to eat until that something grows,- although the time will be 'short. After plenty is once established there will be a surplus over what will be con sumed on the place, and the surplus, under proper regulations, could be distributed to the families 'i of men working there ; or, for that matter, the family could be lodged on the farm, each one doing all he or she was able to do toward the common support. I think all this would come easy, and that it is simply a matter of detail, the best way to do which would develop itself as the work progressed. There is another mistake about competition. It would not relieve the married man of com petition. In the great struggle tor employ ment the principle of the survival of the fittest must obtain. The farm would be the very place to. which any one seeking help would go, and hence if the single man is to be found there and the married man out of sight some where, the single man will have the advan tage.. ... 7^vr.^7i7W'- ; " All these difficulties, however, will vanish before such details of management and dis cipline as could be established. Will S. Green. JOAQUIN MILLER. Joaquin Miller, poet of the Sierras, miner.mes senger, traveler, lawyer, judge, dramatist, ed itor, teacher, sweet singer, is a native of Indiana. General Burnside, his cousin, always told the poet that he was born in the same house in Liberty, Union County, in which the General saw the light. A great deal wholly fanciful and fictitious has been written about Mr. Mil ler by those who have taken his lines literally, and he confesses that he has often led sensa tional scribblers on, but denies that he ever was the renegade of the romances. His father, one of the gentlest of human beings, lived sev enty years among savages, and yet never had occasion to fire a gun or utter a harsh word. The poet takes more after his paternal grand father, who, fighting, fell with Tecumseh at the battle of the Thames, under Harrison. The grandson took to arms and roving and as early as 1855 was shot down in battle, and when but 17 lost the use of an arm from in juries received in the Pitt River expedition. It must suffice to say that the poet, now and for so many years a Californian, is not the less an Indianian, and recalls the days of his boyhood in the Hoosier State in fascinating recital. That he had hardy Hoosier-Califor nians in mind is not improbable when he read at the last Pioneer reunion in San Francisco the poem from which I select this apos trophe— My brave world-builders of a world That tops the keystone, star of States, All hail ! Your battle-flags are furled In fruitful peace. The golden gates Are won. The jasper wall be yours. Your sun sinks down yon soundless shores; Night falls. But lo! your lifted eyes Greet gold outcroppings in the skies. J. A. Woodson in August Overland. OUT-OF-TOWN PERSONALS. Avalon, Catalina Island, July 30.— Among well-known San Franciscans who have visited Catalina Island for this season are: Dr. C. G. Kenyon and family, Mrs. Marcus Rosenthal and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Hecht, Hon. C. H. Lindley and family, J. Boas and daugh ters, J. Downey Harvey and family, Mrs. Rut tier and daughter, James H. Doolittle and fam ily, J. W. Hogg and family, Dr. and Mrs. Wins low, Anderson. Miss Hermann, Mr. and Mrs. M. N. Watson, Alexander Badlam and wife, J. L. Latham, Mr. and Mrs. C.B.Anderson, J. W. Coffroth, W. H. Stinson, H. Pearlstein, : Albert Walden, J. S. Partridge, C. J. Leist and family, S. W. Cohen, L. H. Lord, the Misses Harrigan, Mrs. J. A. Zellner and daughter, Louis Schnei- r dor, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Schwerin, F. W. Groff, R. Wagner, Fred W. Becker, R. B. Dickinson, Misses L. B. Kimball, M. Crawford, A. R. McKenzie, John Timmins. Miss Anna C. Tim tnins, Mr. and Mrs. M. Crow, Mrs. Joseph Young. Miss E. M. Young, Miss Lillie Ellis, E. J. and M. V. Arnold, Mrs. M. McXicoll,' Misses Isabelle McXicoll, M. A. Roper, M. Abbie Fol som, L. A. Folsom, Agnes Connoly, J. F. Banks, B.A. White, L. Tieroff, Ella J. Morton, Miss Elizabeth Kitchens, A. Green, Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Lincoln, A. Rosenberg, J. E. Dinkelspiel, G. M. Murphy, J. H.Marshall, Henry Meyer and family, H. Hoy t and H. North, George Mer rill and bride, C. W. Baird and bride, H. G. DinkelsDiel and bride, H. 11. Borcher, R. 0. MacPherson. From Oakland— G. M. Arthur, Henry Lew, H. Kramm, A. F. Behrens, Miss Wilkins, Albert Kayser, Mr. and Mrs. D. H. Muhr, J. Baumgarten, J. Weill, Professor J. D. Adams, J. F. Chandler, Mrs. M. Lasselle, Miss Genevieve Simond, E. Crouch and family. From Sacramento— Dr. and Mrs. M. F. Wiard, Dr. and Mrs. J. R. Lame, C. Iser. F. H. Krebs, Miss Annie Gerber, H. Uhl, F. Gunther. From Bakersfield— J. Britten, H.Hirshfield, J. Barnhart and W. H. Seribnes, y■ '■ > • - : - .7 r 'r - I Other arrivals from the North include: Mrs. \ D. A. Combtein and Miss Taylor, Alameda; A. G. Wilson, Miss Ida L. Downing, Tulare; W. H. Alford, Visalia; Mr. and Mrs. F. D. Frost, Paso Robles; Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Bird, Merced; Rob ert Smilie, Berkeley; Dr. C. A. Ruggles, Stock ton; T. C. Adams, Belmont; N. J. Button and family, San Carlos. El Paso de Robles, July 30.— Among those registered at Paso Robles are: J. Gleassmaa, J. P. Wall, A. A. Watkins, wife and daughter, W. 11. Menton and wife, M. Garnett, F. H. Lynch, F. C. Bell, R. L. Auld, W. H. Barr, George L. Fish, Miss Stewart, G. F. Gray, C. Be gan and wife, I. W. Brown, M. W. Cray, A. Wil son, C. A. Dana, G. Tuttle, Byron L. Rosen hlott, L. Lillis, H. Harriss, Mr. and Mrs. T. F. H. Cuttena, Charles Ulrich, W. B. Stanford, R. B. Watson, General P. W. Murphy, P. J. Dono hue, Mrs. M. G. Argues, Miss Maud Argues, Miss Lolita McGeoarhegan, Miss Mollie Taft'ee, C. R. Argues, Phil T. Fay, Mrs. E.G.Dodge, Mrs. L. Godchaux, Mrs. A. E. Blake. D. D. Ma honey. H. B. Rice, G. W. Rice, H. C. Rumming ton, E. W. Armes Jr., William D. Cremes, L. Williams, J. M.Mullerand wife, M.L. Johnson, G. Hall, Mrs. A. D. Towne, Miss Towne, Kitty Quigley, Colonel Luis Glass and wife, R. A. Thompson. Santa Rosa, Cal., July* 31.— Goodwin of San Francisco has been visiting her relative, Mrs. E. Gardner, on Carillo street. Hon, James W. Oates and family have returned from San. Francisco, where they spent several weeks. Miss Barker of San Francisco, who has been visiting Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Berry, returned home Monday. Mrs. C. G. Ames, accompanied by Miss Ames and Miss Henley, have gone to Sausaiito for a month's visit. Miss Marguerita B. May of San Francisco, who has been re cently appointed a teacher in Santa Rosa High School, is a niece of Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Stanley. Her sister, Miss Lizzie May, is visiting here this week. F. B. Standish, who has charge of the art department of the San Francisco Chronicle, and Mrs. Standish were at the Occidental on Monday. A. L. Gates, who has charge of the pharmacy department at Folsom State Prison, was in town Sunday. Harbin Springs, July 30.— The latest arrivals at Harbin Springs are: Colonel Hagar, Mr. and Mrs. Tubbs, Mr. and Mrs. Jacoby, Mrs. Waller, Mrs. M. B. Moraghan, Miss Eugenic Moraghan, Mis. Edison, Stewart Menzies, Mr. Grunberg. Mr. Dick, M. Lewis, Mr. and Mrs. Abrams, Mrs. Mahoney, Miss Mahoney, Miss Gorman, Mr. Came, Mr. Hyman, Mr. and Mrs. Stoudy, Mr. Malone nnd son, Mr. and Mrs. Goady, Miss Goadv, Mr. and Mrs. Madison, Mr. and Mrs. Morton. Hopland, July Among the recent ar rivals at Duncan Springs are : Miss Ellis, James M. Kelly, James F. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Somers, Dr. and Mrs. W. E. Taylor, W. B. Hunt, Dr. J. Herbert Reeve, San Francisco: E. F. Robinson, Lytton Springs; Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Heald, Cloverdale; J. McCoy, Red Bluff; Mr. and Mrs. L. W. Burns, J. T. Campbell, Santa Rosa; H. Hill, D. L. McAlpine, Glen Ellen. Chico, Cal., July 31— Mr. and Mrs. HP. Brisco left for Klamath Springs to spend the summer. Mrs. Henry Heath will summer at Santa Cruz. Ornn Gowell, the capitalist, of San Francisco, and president of the bank of Chico, is in the City. Mrs. Z.W. Burnham and daughter have left for San Francisco, where Miss Burnham will enter Mills Seminary. The Misses Amy Howard and Hattie Woods of San Francisco are visiting in Chico. New York, N. V., July Californlans reg istered at hotels to-day were: San Francisco, Mrs. L. B. Overacker, Fifth-avenue; C. F. Beal, Gilsey; J. C. Campbell, R. W. Campbell, Hol land; L. C. Morris, Hotel Warwick; C. E. Hel ler, Metropole: Dr. E. B. Belden, Park avenue; A. Lademan, Astor; California, B. Hazard ; W. P. Hammatt, Broadway Central. . • Salt Lake City, Utah, July 31.— At the Knuts ford: Mrs. R. Bacon of Berkeley and B. P. Smith of Los Angeles and Hans Scheibe of San Francisco. At the Templeton: Mrs. Rickoff of Berkeley and : Mr. and Mrs. N. Thomas of Oak land, v =: ; .-* .-. . ';.--. -;,;:. :-.' . , :• ' . PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT. Lord Salisbury, the new British Premier, weighs about 280 pounds. William Strong is the only retired Justice of the SuDreme Court, of the United States now living. .; He is 86 years old. Professor Cesare Lombroso. the noted Italian criminologist, has discovered that one of the most striking characteristics of criminals is the absence of wisdom teeth. ; The Richmond Dispatch says that Captain George W. Couch of the steamer Old Dominion is the oldest steamship captain in the world, not in point of years, but in length ' of service, having been in commission forty-nine years. Music and Musicians. It is difficult to say whether Arrigo Boito shines most as poet or composer. | Of late years he has been' heard of most frequently in the former capacity, as his magnificently dramatic librettos for "Othello. and "Falstaff" have caused his name to be bracketed with Verdi's in air the glories arising from those works. His translations are worthy of Shakespeare. Years ago Boito produced "Mefistofele," the opera on which his fame as a composer rests. The work was strongly tinged with the modern spirit, and was considered such an innovation in Italy at tbe time of its production that when Boito conducted its first representation at the AKEIGO BOnO, COMPOSER OP, "NERONE." Scala the public tried by a storm of hisses to force' him to lay down his baton, but Boito, with . sublime obstinacy, went on conducting, though neither he'nor any one else could hear a note of what the orchestra was playing. De spite this first fiasco it was not long before "Mefistofele" took its place as one of the operas of the century, many musicians preferring it to Gounod's "Faust." What has produced much comment and wonder is that Boito has never produced a second lyric drama. For the last ten years he has been known to be laboring on the score of "Nerone," and for six or seven years he has been exposed to the satire of the Italian comic papers for never being able to make up his mind to finish his opera. It was not sloth that caused the delay, for Boito is a worker, but the desire.to continually elaborate and add to the beauty of his music. | It is now definitely announced, that Boito has finished his new opera "Nerone,",. and that the work will be produced next season at the Scala. The Cornell crew who competed at Henley, on the Thames, recently, were followed across the Atlantic by the College Glee Club, and the band of banjos and mandolins, accompanied, according to the London Truth, by "two very beautiful young ladies, assumed to be Univer sity 'extras,' and who, dressed in white, with scarlet ribbons, played the banjo and pretended to be plantation melodists." The Cornell musical contingent arfcsed considerable at tention in London, but they made a mistake in giving their recital in St. James Hall, which is exclusively sacred to the highest class of music. "Margate Sands," aays Truth, "is the place for the ban joist, and in fact the American students propose at once to tour through various seaside resorts. The mandolinists will be popular enough in a boat hung withgayly colored lanterns at night at Henley; the two Misses Leech would have made a fortune in fashionable drawing-rooms in June; while it seems that -the -glee singers, whose serious songs fell flat, and whose comic songs were not understood in our classical recital hall, fairly turned the heads of the members of the Savage Club on the previous Saturday night. Comic part songs are in England associated with smoking concerts, although the American students quite predisposed every one in their favor." -7,*:; The Cornell singers are considered to have struck out a distinctly novel line in part sing ing by their introduction of a four-part song, well known in America, which advertises, a patent medicine. In London this madrigal is considered the latest importation from the United States. The following is one criticism of the work: "There is little abstruse workmanship about it, and the piece starts quietly enough with 'Misses Win, Misses Win,' and so forth, until the full choir burst Into 'Mrs. Winslow's Sooth ing Syrup,' ending in a majestic ' chorus. The idea opens up infinite possibilities. The polyphonic pill, the monkey brand march, the corset carol, the Schweppe's scherzo, the anti tat allegro, the navy-cut nonet, the sanitas suite, the Liebig largo and the Apollinaris aria are only a few of the compositions we might expect if British tradesmen were as enterpris ing as their American colleagues. Large man ufacturers have aire a dy employed Royal Acad emicians to illustrate advertisement boardings, but in the setting of advertisements to music there would seem to be a fresh; and splendid field for. the British composer, who is ever lastingly complaining that managers will not accept his operas and that symphonies do not pay." :.'-■-- .'- In Europe this season eminent conductors have been played off against each other in a quite unprecedented manner. Speaking of this Joseph Bennett says: "It becomes inevitable, as soon as the chef d'orchestra lifted himself, or was forced up by others, from the position of a student-translator, hidden as much as possible behind the work interpreted, into the position almost of a creative artist. As prime donne are rivals so now are conductors rivals, and as each 'first woman* seeks to outshine her colleagues so does the conductor, impelled by the exigencies of his position, try, as the vul gar phrase is, to 'go one better' than others. In this he is supported : by a curious and not very thoughtful public, who delight in some thing new and are little concerned as to its character or tendency. So lar, perhaps, small harm has been done, but the conductor of the present time goes on tour like a tenor and is more in evidence than the music for which old fashioned folk suppose him to exist. I appeal to men of experience and common-sense as to the danger involved in this." Miss Zelie de Lussan will be one of the artists of the Carl Rosa troupe on tour in England this month. She has been suffering from in disposition and had to disappoint Sir Augustus Harris at the last moment the other night,' when "Falstaff" had been advertised for Covent Garden. In De Lussan's absence it was hurriedly decided to give "Faust," and Mme. Melba was required for Marguerite. j She had left her house on the upper reaches of the Thames, but whether she had gone up or down the river the servants could not say. A small fleet of boats were requisitioned and Mr. Glover, the conductor, secured the prize. As the prima donna was '.'lazily drowsily" reclin ing at the back of a gig a stentorian voice rang out across the clear waters of the Thames "Madame Melba, sure you're wanted at the Opeera. Will ye obleege the management to noight?" and Marguerite's boat was taken in tow by a friendly launch. La Revue de Paris has given the first instal ment of Gounod's "Memoires dun Artiste"— practically the great French composer's auto biography. He commences with an eloquent expression of gratitude to his mother, to whom he asserts the credit of all he has been able to ac complish is due. "it as she who -nourished me, brought me up and formed me-not, alas!' in her image-that would have been too beau tiful. It was not her fault, however, but mine that anything was lacking." :.■ Some Interesting facts about the newest German composer, are given by a correspond - ent' writing from Cologne: "On Sunday, the first day of the Lower Rhenish Festival, every one was asking, ' Has Humperdinck arrived*' No one, however, had seen anything jof him* and further, no one seemed to know any thing of his movements. The composer of 'Hansel and I Gretel' does not like being lionized, and therefore sent no herald to announce his arrival. When he did come he went quietly to the home of his sister, Frau Wette, for whose children Humperdinck's fairy opera was writ ten, and what interested him most when he sat down to join the family coffee party were some photographs of his charming little nieces taken in 'Hansel and Gretel' costume. Hum perdinck's wife, by the way, is a bright, ener getic little woman, and it is quite evident that she is her husband's man of business." Preparations are going forward for next, year's performances at Bayreuth, when tbe twentieth anniversary of the foundation of the Festspiele Is to be marked by the resumption of the "Xibelungen Tetralogy." Dr. Hans Richter, who conducted the original perform ance under Wagner's personal direction, is to be again the conductor. The gifted barytone, Herr Gura, bas received notice from the authorities of the Munich H'jf theater that his services will not be required after the present year, on the pretext that be Is no longer in his first youth. But Gura feels that his vocal powers are not exhausted, and he intends to continue singing. Haydn's opera "Der Apotheker" was re cently presented at Dresden. The perform ance, which was the first that ever took place in Germany, is said to have been highly suc cessful. The musical writer, Dr. Hirschfeld of Vienna, shortened and arranged the opeia with great skill. Gemma Bellincioni, the Italian prima donna, suggested the plot for the four-act opera, "Eros," which was recently brought out in Florence. The score was by Nicolo Massa, who did not live to see the work produced. The late Carl yon Suppe left the nearly com pleted score of an operetta, which is to be finished by a competent hand and will be mounted for the opening performance of the new Carl Theater in Vienna. Richard Strauss has just completed at Munich a new symphonic poem entitled "Till Eulenspiegel." The work was originally conceived as a comic opera. v 7.■' "7 7- ' * OPINIONS OF EDITORS. Capital is a splendid thing to be equipped with for the battle of 'life, but foresight, energy snd good habits are the best capital a young man can start with.— Oceanside Blade. The Republican party is a party of the people and for the people. The Prohibition party is a one idea party. The Democratic party is a party of no ideas at all and the Populist party —is dead.— Lake Star. The world has no more use for the girly-boy who parts his hair in the middle and wears corsets than it has for the woman who expects to conquer the world by wearing trousers, but it does admire and does need manly men and womanly women.— Colusa Herald. One of the fruits of the Democratic adminis tration is the putting of the United States army upon half pay on account of lack of funds in the treasury. It is only fair to say, however, that the special deficit in the army appropria tion is due to the extraordinary expense of put ting down riots in various parts of the country caused by the Democratic panic— Portland Oregonian. Stockton has not a vast amount of water front and should guard it most carefully, for in it lies the chief wealth of that city. It may be that the Southern Pacific is not behind the Corral Hollow Company's demands, but whether it is or not, that water front— and the interests of the Valley road as well— should be most carefully guarded in whatever, ia done.— Fresno Republican. 7 . , .- 7 7. . :~773-'>? SUPPOSED TO BE -TUMOROUS. Sure of Him— "lsn't he rather fast?" asked the anxious mother. ,'77! '7? 1 "Yes, mamma, .in one sense of the word. I don't think he can get away."— lndianapolis Journal. "Isn't that Colonel Jones with his shotgun?" asked the editor. "It is," replied the foreman. "I think you are right," said the editor. "Suppose you crawl in the stove there and I'll just step upstairs and see if the roof doesn't need repairing."— Constitution. '•'No," said the microbe, "traveling is not what it used to be. The quick, fin de siecle kiss keeps one constantly on the gui vive." His very air betrayed the shattered nerve.— Detroit Tribune. Old Bullion— lt galls me to think that my money goes into your spendthrift hands when I die. Young Bullion— mind, governor; it won't stay there long.— lndianapolis Journal. Hnggins— Miss Bosting rather cold? Kissam — Cold? All she needs is some pem mican and a relief expedition to be a regular Arctic exploration.— Puck. *" . Mamma— l don't think the baby is nearly as cross as she used to be. He scarcely cried at 1 all last night. Papa— No; I think he's getting blase.— Puck. Bacon Printing Company, 503 Clay straat * -•-•■-'-•-77 - — •> — • — _ 3000 patrons attest that Dr. Eddy's method of extracting teeth has no equal. Nopain.no danger, no alter effect. 822 Geary street. • Ocean Excursions. Steamship Pomona, to Santa Cruz and Mon terey, leaves Saturdays, 4 p. m., due back Mon days, sa. M. Ticket office, 4 New Montgomery street. --• i 7 -••>-•;*;. • — ♦ — E. Martin <& Co., the liquor merchants, are at 411 Market street. The fact that their re moval has' not resulted in . the loss of any of their old patrons is the best evidence of fair and honest dealing. The high standard of their wines and liquors has long been estab lished. * • — ♦ . "Henry," she cooed, "have you ever been engaged before?" "Why?" he asked, surprised; "you don't think that this is the first vacation I ever had, do you?"— -Puck. j . Cleanse the vitiated blood whenever you find its Impurities bursting through your skin in the form of pimples, eruptions and sores. Hood's Sarsaparilla is the best blood purifier. • — ♦ — • — ■ — No well regulated household should be without a bottle of Dr. Siegert's Angostura Bitters, the celebrated appetizer. , ' 7.77 7 — » ■» •— '■ . "James, are you cooking dinner?" I "Yes, sir; the cabbage is boiling in the mill pond, the eggs frying in the sand, and the beef roasting on the roof!"— Atlanta Constitution. LA BELLE CREOLE CIGARS MANUFACTURED BY S. HERNSHEIM BROS. & CO., NEW ORLEANS, LA. EIMLDO BEOS. & CO, PACIFIC COAST AGENTS, 7 300-302 BATTERY ST., S. F. ■ Branch Store— 29-31-33 South First St., San Jose, Cal.