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DAVID M. POLTZ, Special Agent.
MONDAY.. OCTOBER 21, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
Live through this week aid you may see
the end of the Durrant trial.
We may as well call our town the me
tropolis of midwinter baseball.
Bicycle records are keeping pace with
the thermometer and getting lower every
Eastern baseball enthusiasts are invited
to come out of the cold and get on to our
In his fight against the milk fakirs In-
Fpeotor Dockery has the cream of public
opinion with him.
The banks are all right, bnt there is a run
en the Bank Commission that may cause
it to be suspended.
Either Buckley or the Junta should quit
politics and organize a baseball nine, for
the town wants a rest.
Olney's vigorous foreign policy seems to
have been designed solely for home talk
and campaign purposes.
The baseball Reason opened well, for
there wore lots of spectators at the game —
nnd we beat Los Amreles.
Gorman declares he is making the fight
of his life, but at this distance it looks
more like his death struggle.
The fight against Tammany in New York
is composed of all the elements of success,
but they do not seem to mix well.
Tn making your purchases this week re
member that when you help the home
martcet you help your own market.
The Kaiser's tour through Alsace and
Lorraine must have had something dra
matic about it, for it met with a frost.
Pity the fate of a poor old public func
tionary who ha? to write Presidential mes
sages just a? the duck-shooting begins.
The rent in the Democratic party is big
enough now to allow all intelligent men
who have been caught in it to come out.
If all the stories of South African mines
are true the gold standard may soon be
below the silver one in the bullion market.
The East is a little bit ahead of us in
the opening of the football season, but
our time is coming as sure as Thanks
llow often in these days must the Sul
tan wish he were the President of the
United States and had a chance to go
With so much Mayoralty timber offered
them the people of Sacramento will have
none but themselves to blame if they get a
As the European powers could acree
\ipon nothing in regard to the protection
of Armenia, of course Turkey readily con
sented to it.
As Senator Sherman has published his
memoirs he must have an idea of retiring
from politics as soon as his present term of
office is over.
The round-up of the Round Valley lynch
ers may teach the lawless element among
the cowboys that the law also knows how
to handle a rope.
Mr. Huntington evidently has a monop
oly of the standpoint from which he views
the railroad question, for no one else can
Bee it in that light.
Japan is evidently of the belief that the
Eastern question will never be settled un
til she has whipped everything that bor
ders on the Pacific.
It is worth no*ir.g that as soon as Eng
land gave Sir Henry Irving his title he
came to this country on a starring tour to
get money to support it.
Ever since it was announced that David
Bennett Hill is to take part in the Ohio
campaign the Democrats have had hopes
of success in New York.
In his criticism of local art Solly Walter
was correct in saying "a hand-painted
picture is as good as a lithograph," but
the rule has its exceptions.
It is pleasing to have the throne of
Napoleon 111, but where is the museum
big enough to hold all the men who think
they have the right to sit on it?
Now that the theater train has been
taken off, the San Josean can be recog
nized in town by the way he whistles "We
Won't Go Home Till Morning."
This week we may expect to hear from
Cleveland at the Atlanta Exposition and
learn what he was thinking about all sum
mer when the fish wouldn't bite.
It will be a paying business for the whole
City, and particularly for honest milk
dealers, if milk adulteration is made too
unprofitable for anybody to try it.
As the fight between Corbett and Fitz
sirnmons would bring a large amount of
money to Hot Springs, a belief is growing
there that boxing is no worse than foot
The unhappy wanderings of Corbett and
I'itxsimraons in search of a ring are as
nothing to the wanderings of Charles A.
Dana and Henry Watterson in search of a
THE VENEZUELA PROBLEM.
Even when the reports of British aggres
sion in Venezuela have been largely dis
counted enough remains to justify a
feeling of irritation in this country and to
prompt a keen desire on the part of people
to know what the Cleveland administra
tion has done or intends to do in the
The fact that the British Colonial ad
ministration is now in the hands of Joseph
Chamberlain is an assurance that some
thing is going to be done wherever pos
sible to extend the power and the domain
of Britain's Colonial possessions. Cham
berlain is not an idler nor a dawdler. He
is one of the most progressive and aggres
sive of modern statesmen. He took the
Colonial office under Lord Salisbury with
the intention of making his influence felt
in the Government. He will make his
office, if he can, the dominant one in the
Cabinet, and to do so it will be necessary
for him to develop a Colonial policy of
such force and vigor that it will not only
attract the attention of Parliament but
win the enthusiastic support of the British
Bold as Chamberlain undoubtedly is he is
too sagacious a man to run against any
resolute determination on the part of this
country. The only danger in the Venezu
ela affair, therefore, is that he may mis
take tne indifference of the Cleveland ad
ministration for the real sentiment of the
people of the United States and go further
in advancing British aggressions on Ven
ezuelan territory than we can permit.
Under these circumstances the delay of
Cleveland and Olney in giving a clear
warning to tho British Minister at Wash
ington that the United States will not per
mit any European power to acquire addi
tional territory in any part of America may
prove a costly blunder to both countries.
There is nothing in the problem difficult
of solution or requiring deep diplomatic
study to understand. The most literal and
simple construction of the Monroe doctrine
fits the case exactly. Olney has only to
follow the precedent set by Monroe's Sec
retary of State, John Quincy Adams.
Whatever land England held in this hem
isphere at the time the Monroe doctrine
was promulgated she may still hold un
fretted by us, but not another square mile
of American land shall she or any other
European power annex. Britain's dispute
with Venezuela must be submitted to arbi
tration. Cleveland and Olney owe it to
the people of both countries to make the
attitude of American people on the subject
fully and distinctly known. If there is
any vigor in the administration policy at
all it should be shown now, and shown in
the form of an ultimatum.
ME. MILLER'S VIEWS.
The greatest land monopolist in Califor
nia, Henry Miller, who has done less in
proportion to his holdings and opportuni
ties than any other man in the State to
ward developing its resources, denounces
the Wright irrigation law as a thieving
measure, and declares that wherever it has
been put in operation the people are bank
rupt. He confesses to the expenditure of
large sums of money— used in a "perfectly
legitimate way" — to defeat the operation
of the iaw and influence legislation at Sac
ramento. Such use of money and such
opposition to the Wright law were to have
been expected from a man who has done
comparatively so little for his State.
The ground of his opposition to the j
Wright law is that while all the property j
of an irrigation district is taxed to make
the law operative only part of the property
can receive the benefits of irrigation. This
is both an unfair and strictly Silurian state
ment of the case. He is willing that those \
who desire irrigation should be permitted
to construct their own works, but does not
believe in forcing it upon those wlio do not
want it. He enumerates several suppos
able instances in which it can do injury,
but they are not worthy of notice; his evi
dent animus destroys the force of his argu
If the splendid empires of uncultivated
land which this inconceivably rich man
haa fenced against occupation and devel- j
opment were brought under the operation j
of beneficent laws they would be divided |
into small and prolific farms furnishing
homes and sustenance to many thousands j
of useful citizens. The Wright law is one
that would tend to have that effect. The
Wright law is obnoxious to Mr. Miller. As
his enormous fortune has been acquired by
securing vast bodies of land when they
were cheap and holding them against de- I
velopment, he would be the last man in i
the State to love the Wright law. His I
fortune has been largely helped along by
the enterprise of contiguous owners, who,
by developing their own lands, made Mr.
Never by precept or example has he as
sisted in discovering and developing the
strange and fine resources of the State.
His methods have been those along the
lowest levels of rural industry. His thou
sands of miles of barbed-wire fences area
more formidable barrier to the progress of
California than the Sierra Nevadas them
selves. It will be time enough for Mr. Mil
ler to address the people of this State on
the subject of laws which they enact for
their own good when he ceases to use his
money at Sacramento, refrains from inter-
fering with the operation ot our laws and
displays some of tnat public spirit without
which he is more an enemy than a friend
of the people.
A SEKIOUS SUBJECT.
A discussion is now going on in Eng
land concerning the advisability of send
ing consumptives to the Riviera, and out
of it there has come some information that
it will pay California health resorts to con
sider with more than ordinary seriousness.
It is conceded in the discussion that the
climate of the Riviera is excellent, and
that when it first came into notice as a
health resort consumption was almost un
known there. But consumptives have
come and gone by the thousands in later
years, and now it is said the dieaded
bacillus of the disease has established
itself in that beautiful land and contami
nates the air and the soil. The natives,
particularly the washerwomen, have been
attacked, and, so far from being a health
resort any longer, some authorities main
tain it is really a dangerous place for per
sons with weak lungs to visit.
This is the substance of the discussion as
it comes to us in our London exchanges.
It is certainly a matter of serious import
to us, for nearly the whole of our State is
a health resort. If the statements con
cerning the Riviera are true it behooves the
local Boards of Health to be extra careful
and watchful in localities where consump
tives most resort.
THE TAMALPAIS KOAD.
It is gratifying to learn that the pro
jectors of the road to the summit of
Mount Tamalpais have abandoned their
original proposition %o employ the cog
system, and that a route has been discov
ered over which an electric road may be
constructed with an 8 percent grade. The
whole scheme is admirably planned. The
road is to begin at the bay, between Sau
salito and Mill Valley, and traverse the
thickly settled region of Mill Valley before
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1895.
beginning the ascent of the mountain,
which will be attacked on its northeastern
flank. A line of steamers will be put on
between the bay terminus and the City,
thus making the new road independent of
existing lines, but at the same time accessi
ble l>3' means of them. Fortunately abun
dant water has been discovered near the
summit. A hotel and observatory on the
summit will complete the scheme.
It is safe to predict an immediate and
rapidly increasing profit for the undertak
ing. The views will be the finest of all
that are easy to secure hereabout, and can
not be surpassed by any other in California
with the exception of those from the sum
mit of Mount Diablo.
\Ve hope that the awakened spirit of
progress in Oakland will be made to con
template such a scheme for Diablo as that
which has been practically decided on for
Taraalpais. It is not at all to the credit of
Alameda and Contra Costa counties that
they have never constructed a wagon-road
over the Contra Costa ranee from Oakland
to the base of Mount Diablo on Walnut
Creek. Such a road would open the way
for an electric line connecting the two
points, and would make its extension to
the summit of the noble mountain practi
The Calaveras Protped rejoices over the
advent of an era of railroad building in
California. After showing that one great
railroad has dominated the State and ex
tended its feeders only where trathc is as
sured, it contrasts this policy with the
more progressive one of the middle West
ern trunk lines, and adds:
"It seems as though California were at
last awakening to the fact that all things
may come to those who wait. They really
come much sooner to those who meet them
half way. The new line of road through San
Joaquin Valley has already given an im
petus to th.it section never felt before. All
along the line of the new road towns will
spring up, and various industries will fol
low as a matter of course. The great land
tracts will be broken up into small farms,
because small farms will be the more pro
fitable, when all are in easy reach of trans
portation. Our State is twenty-five years
behind the times, owing almost wholly to
this lack of transportation and the conse
quent concentration of industries. Farm
ing has ceased to be profitable, because the'
one great crop, wheat, costs more to mar
ket than it will bring. The railroads will
change all this, and where one crop is now
profitably cultivated the teeming soil will
produce a hundred.
"The new road now in process of con
struction will bring others. Already there
is talk of another great overland route, to
enter our State from the northeast. When
this comes, as come it will in the near
future, it will also send out its branches
and revolutionize the northern portion of
the State, as the southern portion is now
being revolutionized by the iron horse.
One of the most encouraging signs of the
times is the fact that the great treasure
vaults of San Francisco are being opened
and the accumulated millions are finding
their way into the channels of legitimate
investment. The gold that has come from
our mountains is being used to develop the
State. With good roads reaching to every
part of our vast empire will come the
intelligent population that is so much
needed to start the wheels of progress.
We believe the era is now upon us, and
that the next twenty years will see a
greater growth in California than has the
past forty of its history."
The San Diego World calls attention to
the interestinc fact that it would require
only 225 miles of railroad building to give
Southern California connection with .Salt
Lake. This information will be encour
aging to those who think that the whole
distance, 750 miles, would have to be
covered. The World shows that the dis
tance from Vanderbilt, the terminus of the
Nevada Southern Railroad, to Milford, the
terminus of the Union Pacific Railroad in
Southern Utah, is only 225 miles, of which
nearly one-Jbalf, 100 miles, is already
graded from Milford southwesterly to j
Clover Valley, and that the remaining 125 i
miles from Clover Valley to Vanderbilt is
all easily graded and can be built quite
rapidly. The World accordingly urges the
people of Southern California to bend their
efforts toward the closing of the cap.
According to the Fresno Republican the
Supervisors of that county have essayed
the task of building a scientifically con
structed wagon road. It will be only four
! miles long, but that is but a beginning.
I Tim is the way in which the road is to be
made: "Teams with road-plows will be set
to work and the present road will be broken
up. The high places will be dragged down
and the low places filled. The road-bed
will be made smooth and dry above wet
weather pools. It will have the proper
slope both ways from the center, so that
no water will stand on the surface. There
will be a thorough mixing of soil. Where
there is too much sand clay will be hauled
in and mixed with the sand to the proper
degree. Where the soil is clay and liable to
become muddy in the winter sand will be
hauled in and mixed with the clay. By
this means' a road will be made which
will be neither sandy in summer nor
muddy in winter. A 20.000-pound roller
will be kept at work while the road is in
process of construction. After the road is
leveled and given the proper slope toward
the sides the roller will pack it to a hard
This represents a detachment of the corps starting on a twelve days' march through the Nubian Desert from Wad
Halfehto Xornsko. The men and camels were in such good condition and training that they reached Kornsko two da.™
M°Ue E r x th e a dition tim 6 *"* f ° r ar " VaL Tb ° Camel Corps ' " will be ren »>mbered, was first started at the time of the
[From a photograph taken by Arthur 0. Ftrard at Port Said for Ihe London Illustrated tfeus.]
ness almost like rock. A scraper will be
used to fill in any small depressions which
may develop under the enormous pressure
of the roller. When the work is done the
road will be as near perfect as it can be
made with the material at hand. The
grading will be finished this fall. From
time to time during the winter, as the
rains get in their work, the scraper and
the roller will go over it again and again.
When summer comes the road *vili be
treated as Kearny avenue formerly was
treated. A ditch along the side of the road
will supply water and the sprinkler will
pump it up and shower it on the road,
thus keeping it damp all summer." The
expense, which will be small, is to be
borne by the wayside vineyardists.
The Ventura Democrat has issued a su
perb edition of forty-eight pages, printed
on handsome book paper, profusely illus
trated with half-tone pictures 1 , and neatly
sewed and trimmed. The issue is an artis
tic production from beginning to end.
It must have cost a small fortune,
and the people of Ventura County are to
be congratulated on having so intelligent,
enterprising and public-spirited a journal.
It gives a complete description and review
of all the many industries and resources
of the county, and if judiciously distrib
uted will produce the most beneficial re
Dunn (fc Lemmon, publishers of the Car
son Tribune, have dissolved partnership.
Mr. Dunn has gone to Santa Cruz, and Mr.
Lemmon remains in charge of the Tribune.
He announces that the paper will soon ap
pear in a handsome new dress. The Trib
une has been always famous for the fear
lessness with which it speaks out, and
while this admirable policy is to be con
tinued, Mr. Lemmon announces: "The
public may rest assured that no one unde
serving of praise will ever receive it in the
columns of this paper. Praise bestowed
indiscriminately upon everything from the
mere idea of policy has no weight, and the
intelligent person does not care to receive
I commendation at the hands of one who
protests against nothing."
The Arizona Republican, published at
Phoenix, gives a glowing account of the
wonderful resources of the Salt River Val
ley. It speaks of the famous ruins of the re
markable irrigating system which assured
the prosperity of a prehistoric race and
holds them up as an enticement to modern
engineering skill. As an evidence of the
wonderful fecundity of the soil it declares
that five acres can be made to support a
lamily in comfort.
The Independent Calistogian heartily
seconds The Call's suggestion that the
conspicuous abilities of commercial trav
elers might be employed with profit in
pushing the sales of California fruits, and
adds: "While it is true that the con
sumption of the United States is only
meagerly supplied with California fruits
and deserves the close attention indicated
the fact that San Francisco is one of the
really great seaports of the world suggests
the idea that greater scope should be given
the efforts of the fruit growers— a scope
that is practicable only by organized
effort, and that is to have tiusted agents
in all the leading consuming points. Only
in this way can they keep in close touch
with their trade and avoid the exorbitant
profits of middlemen. Profitable experi
ence can only be gained by experiment.
Try the 'bright and hard-working men'
whom The Call refers to and then wait
for the results which experience in other
lines of trade has proved, after long con
tinued effort, to be successful."
E. F. O'Neal ha? retired from the con
trol of the San Luis Obispo Breeze, he
facetiously explains that he was moved to
this course portly through consideration of
the fact that he has a daughter approach
ing the marriageable age and that it is
necessary for him to begin the accumula
tion of a dowry "that will enable her to
ensnare a titled husband from the horde of
foreign bummers who are invading the
land, and are rapidly robbing us of our
i surplus silver and accomplished feminine
! beauties." He cheerily says of his suc
cessor: "Under the new management, so I
am informed, Mr. liaumgardner will wield
the editorial pencil. It is true that he
moves in an orbit of a peculiar and eccen
tric character, but time will rapidly soften
down what now appears strange in his
mental make-up, and at the same time add
to the beauty of his physical outlines."
The Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel celebrates
its entrance upon its twenty-fourth vol
ume by arranging to receive telegraphic
news up to midnight. This is a wise stroke
of enterprise which the intelligent people
of Santa Cruz will appreciate.
The Willows Journal, after giving an
able account of the natural wealth and
splendid attractions of Glenn County, and
showing that wheat-farming will be super
seded by scientific fruit-growing, gives
this interesting news: "Necessity is a stern
commander, acknowledging no law but
compliance. Having placed the seal of
condemnation on the old order of things a
new one must succeed. Our unrivaled soil
: has attracted the attention of enterprising
| men with plenty of capital. Around this
magnet there is now crystallizing a well
planned enterprise covering many thou
sands of acres of our very best soil which
will be subdivided into suitable tracts for
homes. Irrigation will be no longer a
dream, but a reality, and a development
CAttfiL CORPS AT WADI HALFfiH, UPPER £QYPT.
and succeeding prosperity beyond any
thing hitherto known in the State, is an
assured fact. Glenn County will receive
the greatest benefit from this aggregation
of money and brains. When? Well,
gentle reader, tbe scheme has passed the
period of speculation. Look out for re
sults any time."
The Portland Oregonian, in announcing
that the census by the County Assessor
gives Portland a population of 81,342 and
Multnomah County a population of
92,950, shows that this is a gain of nearly
10,000 for Portland since the Federal census
of 1890. This is a remarkable gain, and
although our contemporary gives no ex
planation of the fact, it might be profit
able to San Francisco to ascertain it.
The Plumas Independent has had its
fourth birthday, strong and hopeful. In
speaking of the time when the paper was
started it says: "While the conditions
which seemed most favorable to this
county at that time have not yet reached
fruition, and while its fondest hopes have
not yet been fully realized, it enters on
its fourth volume with the faith that the
day is not far distant when a changed con
dition of affairs incidental to modern
methods will bring to our mountain fast
nesses the busy hum of industry and wake
the echoes with the clangor of thronging
J. D. Boedefeld of Colusa is at the Grand.
Frank Mattison of Santa Cruz is in the City.
John Pugh of Los Angeles is at the Baldwin.
Matthew Gage of Riverside is at the Occi
J. Pentecost of Middletown is registered at
J. J. Burke, a raei.ig man from New York, is
a guest at the Palace.
John P. Jones, the Southern Pacific's agent
at Portland, is in town.
William deCanteilan, Deputy Sheriffof Hum
boldt County, is in town.
H. Sherwood of Fresno is in the City. He is
registered at the Baldwin.
I. Ivancovich, a merchant from Hanford, is
among the arrivals at the Russ.
Mr. and Mrs. J. 11. Macdonough and their
child left for the East yesterday evening.
Colonel S. Romanoff, Carl Konigsbersrer, his
son, Edgar Konigsberger, and D. Poxotelow
are registered at the Palace from St. Peters
CARL ON WESTERN ORGANS.
William C. Carl, the New York organist who
was out here lately, has this to say to a repre
sentative of the New York Musical Courier
concerning his Western trip:
"How did I find the appreciation of organ
music? Very keen and discriminating, but
west of the Rockies the taste of the public is
se'.dom put to the test. If only a continued
regular series of organ recitals could be given,
the people there, I think from my experience,
would come to demand organ recitals. At
present the curiosity excited by the advent of
a newcomer develops so quickly into an in
tensely live musical interest that It seems a
groat pity that good organ recitals are not the
rule there instead of the very marked excep
"With one exception every organ met -with
was in a church. The exception was in a
private house in Denver where a musicale was
"How do you account for dearth of organ re
citals in the West? Is it because cabable organ
ists are rare?"
"Not at all," replied Mr. Carl. "Some of the
best organists in the country I found settled
there. There are n. great many scholarly Eng
lish organists distributed west of the Rocky
Mountains, but except in rare cases they
seem to have dropped into the habit of playing
nothing beyond the church service. Org-Mi re-
Citala are not in vogue, and if an occasional
one be given by a resident organist it exciter
little or no interest. "
"How <Jo you lind the organs?"
"In most cases originally line instruments,
put in by the best builders, but in some cases.
I am sorry to say, in a deplorably bad con
dUion. Except in three or four churches,
which had their organs kept in steady repair,
the remainder had not been touched from the
day they were set up in the building. The
average state of i:egleet was something dread
ful. Whose fault, you ask. Well, that of the
church, if any one can be blamed severely
under present conditions. The chutch will
not pay for repairs, and the builders naturally
cannot afford to look after their organs for
nothing. But, you see, placed at such distances
from tuning and repairing centers as most of
the organs I allude to are, it makos it very
difficult for the ebnrefc to assume the expense.
The fact also cannot be ignored that in some
HUI the church does not realize the neces
SUPPOSED TO BK HUMOROUS.
A policeman called at a glove store and said
to a lady clerk: "I wain a pair of kid gloves,
miss." "What is your number, sir?" "Four
hundred and twenty-nine, miss," was the re
ply.—Our Dumb Animals.
Teacher— Willie, what are the different kinds
of time in use?
Willie— Four kinds— sun time, standard time,
fly time, ana the monkey and parrot time.—
Willie (who was traveling alone for the first
time, to the conductor)— What is the meaning
of '"W" and "R' 1 on the sign posts along the
Conductor— Ring and whistle.
Willie (after a pausej— l can see how "W"
stands for wring, but I'm blessed if I can see
see how "R" can stand for whistle.— Harper's
Jack— Kell, did you propose last night?
Tom— Must have done it. I know I meant to
do it, and I know we're engaged; so whatever
I said must have been all right.— Puck.
"I was sorry, Willie," said his Sunday-school
teacher, "to see you keep your seat when the
superintendent asked those who wanted to go
to henvon to rise. Don't you want to go to
"Then why didn't you rise?"
"Cos he didn't have no ritrht to tell me to
rise, ma'am," answered Willie. "He ain't no
Angel Gabriel."— Pittsburg Bulletin.
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
George C. Perkins, the Chicago manager for
the United Press, left Saturday evening. Before
leaving he said to a Call reporter, who inter
viewed him in the grillroom of the Palace
"I have been studying the press of this Slate
since I have been here, a matter of six weeks.
I find that the new Call :s making a hit all
round, and the public has noticed the change
and improvement in the paper. It is very evi
dent The Call made no mistake in getting the
[Sketched from life.]
superior news service of the United Press. The
editors with whom I have spoken here express
themselves as highly pleased with the United
"We have now about 420 papers on the
string all over the country, and are making
fresh accession! daily. The Associated Press
has only 350. The principal Now York papers,
the Herald, Sun, Times, Tribune, Recorder and
Journal, are United Press papers. We have on
our list nearly all the papers east of the Alle
ehenies, and nearly all in the South.
"The war seems to have settled down to
a question of endurance, in which the
more modern and s.uperior methods of the
United Press are likely to prevail. The
antiquated and expensive methods of
the Associated Press handicap them to
such an extent that they are continually on
the financial rocks.
"We have had several notable beats lately
owing to the superiority of our system. The
unreliability of the Associated Press service
was amply evidenced at the time of the recent
international yacht ra^e in New York, and its
bad break in reporting that an attempt had
been inado to assassinate President Cleve
"There is a good story on the Examiner,"
said J. Ross Jackson, the ex-newspaper man, to
some friends in the Palace yesterday, "and
although I'm out of the business I can't over
look its merit on that account. It appears that
a druggist named Putnam was killed in Wil
lows recently by a man named Sehorn. The
telegraphed report came to The (all and also
to the Chronicle. The next morning, when
Managing Editor Hamilton of the Examiner
was looking over the record of the day, he dis
covered that his paper had been 'scooped' on
that particular item. He thereupon sent for
Mr. Corey, the coast editor of the paper.
"'Mr. Corey,' he said, with a dignified look
on his face, 'have we a correspondent in Wil
" 'Did he send in a report of that murder ?'
" 'Fire him.'
"'N<>. By telegraph. We can't dispose of a
man like that too quickly. A correspondent
who doesn't know that a murder has been
committed in his town isn't fit for the position.
"Mr. Corey went to his record-book of corre
spondents and presently returned to the man
" 'Mr. Hamilton, there are certain circum
stances in this mans favor that—'
"'There ore no circumstances that would
justify such an exhibition of incompetency.
Bounce him, I say !'
" 'But, Mr. Hamilton, this case has no paral
lel. That man had a good excuse for overlook
ing the importance of the story.'
" 'Well, what was his excuse?' inquired the
editor, becoming nervous.
" •Well, 1 answered Corey, scratching his chin
a moment, 'he was the man who got killed.'
"Mr. Hamilton lapsed into silence and went
on reading some proofs of the story of Mr.
Hearst's latest investment in newspapers."
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Calling Out the Militia— A. W. C, Vet
erans' Home, Vountville, Napa County, Cal.
The President of the United States has the
power of calling out the militia and ordering
it for duty out of the State in which it is organ
ized. The statutes provide that "whenever the
United States are invaded or are in imminent
danger of inyasion from any foreign nation
or Indian tribe, or of rebellion against the au
thority of the Government of the United States,
it shall be lawful for the President to call
forth 6uch number of the militia of
the State or States most convenient to
the place of danger or scene of action he
may deem necessary to repel such invasion or
suppress such rebellion, and to issue his
orders for that purpose to such officers
of the militia as he may think proper."
Another section says that ''whenever by rea
son of unlawful obstructions, combinations or
assemblages of persons or rebellion against the
authorities of the United States it shall be
come impracticable in the judgment of the
President to enforce by the ordinary course of
judicial proceedings the laws of the United
States within any State or Territory it shall be
lawful for the President to call forth the mili
tia of any or all the States and to employ such
parts of the land and naval forces "of the
United States as he may deem necessary to en
force the faithful execution of the laws" of the
United States or to suppress such rebellion in
whatever State or Territory thereof the laws
of the United States may be forcibly opposed
or the execution thereof forcibly obstructed "
After Many Years— lf Anna Smith should
marry a man, live with him as his wife for
thirty yeais, ...-d at the end of that time
another woman should appear and claim to be
the lawful wife of the man Miss Smith mar
ried, it would depend upon circumstances if
she would have the right to claim any
of the property acquired by the man
she claims as her husband after his mar
riage with Miss Smith. It would have to
be ascertained if the husband knew for seven
years prior to his marriage to Miss Smith that
his nrst wue, n she was such, was alive ana
knew of her whereabouts, if he during the
thirty years had contributed to her support, or
whether the nrst wife had deserted ncr hus
band and had not let him know where she was
during seven years prior to his second mar
Murder Trials-L., City. It is the duty of a
jury that tries an individual for murder and
finds a verdict of guilty to declare if the pris
oner shall suffer death or be imprisoned for
ivrfi If i- he lry d e™«ies that the prisoner
shall su frer the death nenalty the verdict is.
we hnd the defendant guilty as charged,"
but v n decides that imprisonment shall be
the punishment then the verdict is, "we find
the defendant guilty as chareed am', iix the
penalty at imprisonment tor life." ruder the
Jaw a defendant cannot be tried for murder or
lor any other criminal offense with less than
Paid Writers— A. F. E., Alameda. Cal. If
you have the ability to write for a newspaper
do not waste your time reading articles con
taming -'sensible advice to any one wishing to
become a paid writer for a newspaper," but
write one or more articies.and submit them to
a first-class journal, and if they poaaeM any
merit it will not be long before that merit will
be recognized. Jf your style and language
show that you have an apitude for professional
journalism, room will be found for you.
Articles of Confederation— L. K. R., City.
On the same day on which the Continental
Congress appointed a committee to frame a
declaration of independence it appointed an
other to prepare articles of confederation. The
committee soon reported a scheme, but it was
not till November 15, 1777, that Congress adopt
ed the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual
.Union. it was submitted to the states l<u ra.U
firatlon, nnd it was provided that it should t.r>
conclusive when signed by the fit-legates of nil
the States, as these should authorize the ratifi
cation. On July 9, 1778, 11 was ftigned on be
hall of New Hampshire-Massachusetts Bay,
Rhode Island and Providence plantations, Con
necticut, .New York, Pennsylvania, Vireinia
and .South Carolina. It was signed for North
Carolina July 21, for Georgia July 2-! and fur
New Jersey November 26. One delegate fur
Delaware signed February 12, 1770, and the
other two on May 5. On March 1, 17dl, tho
delegates from Maryland signed, and on the
following day Congres assembled under its
new power. By this instrument the United
States were governed before the adoption of
Uncle and Niece— R. <<.. City. A marriage
between uncle and niece that is allowed In a
country outside of this State ii regarded as
valid in this Stntc. The Civil Code says: "All
marriage contracted without this State, which
would be valid by the laws of the country in
which the same is consummated, is valid in
Drainage — A. B. Concord, Contra Costa
County, Cal. The answers to correspondents'
department has not the space to quote the
law in regard to drainage of lands In this State
and to the changing of watercourses, conse
quently cannot lurnish the desired informa
By-Laws— E. 8., City. Beneficiary societies
are bound by the constitutions and by-laws
that regulate them and the courts will require
them to carry out the provisions of the same,
providing the members carry out on their part
all of tneir obligations.
Maguire's AVritings— K. X., Vallejo.Cal. The
following is a list of books and pamphlets writ
ten by Congressman J. G. Maguin : "Ireland
and the Pope," "Direct Taxation of Land Val
ues." speech on silver and speech on Chinese
Mortgage— S. 8., Oakland, Cal. Under
the constitution the mortgage given on prop
erty to secure the payment of a debt is as
sessed or taxed to the owner of the property,
and such tax may be paid by either party.
California-street Road— E. D., City. The
California-street Railroad is owned by a num
ber of shareholders, but it is not under the
control or management of the Market-street
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE.
FLEA FOR SKIMMED MILK.
To the Editor of the San Franc i>co Call— Pir:
In reading The Cam. of recent date I notice
that it is against the law made of late to sell
skimmed milk. That part of the law seemi to
me to be an injustice to the jinblic. There is a
large portion of the people in ihis City that get
along with skimmed milk, and experience
teaches that there is no harm resulting from
its use. The Health OfUeers claim, I believe,
that it is unwholesome, but that is not true.
It is certainly less nutritive than milk with the
cream, but it can be proven by many
doctors that they recommend it for
different complaints. For instance, a
person with a weak stomach is often
notable to digest unskimmcdmilk; give him
skimmed milk, and he can drink large <iuttn
titlesofit and he will not starve on it either.
Doctors are nble to substantiate tnat bkii:,i:,.- !
milk exclusively will cure some forms of
dropsy and other complaints. Poor people art!
obliged to subsist on an Inferior quality of all
products: Flour, of whiah there are rive
different grades. And such potatoes! What
nourishment is there in an inferior potato?
According to our medical gentlemen hardly
any. They are almost all water, but wo subsist
on them all the same and are glad to have
them. If the consumer of skimmed milk wns
allowed a voice in the question he would shy,
You may rather roo me of Sprinrr Valley water
than of my >ki turned milk, because the water
has such a tilthy taste that it is sometimes un
lit to drink. Yours very truly, C. BBOW.
Bacon Printing Company, soß Clay street. *
Baby cream, 15 cents a pound. Townsend'B.*
Typographic. \ i. elocution. Making the types
speak! The Roberts Printing C:o., 230 Sutter. •
Special information daily to manufacturer*,
business houses and pul>ii<' men by the PreM
Clipping Bureau (Allen's), .">!(> Montgomery. •
California Wines in cases and barrel* fur
Christmas delivery free to any part of Germany
or Switzerland. A. Repsold & Co., 517 I alt
fornia st. Order early.
Experiments are still being tried in Enp
land in preserving fresh fruit in borax. It
has been found perfectly Mic/cesvful with
cherries and is now being tried with veg
Hoon's Sarsaparilla not only purifies the blood
but also imparts new life and vittor in eviry tano
tion of the body. Now is the time to take it to
fortify the system atruinst attacks of sick!.-
" Mrs. XV inflow's Soothing Syrnp"
ITas boon used over fifty years by million* of moth
ers for their children while Teething with perfecs
success. It soothes the child, softens the gums, al
lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Bowels
and is the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether
arising from teething or other causes. For sale by
Druggists in every part of the world. lie sure aril
ask for .Mrs. Yv'inalow's Soothing s>yrii\ '2ia *
Hallam consumed thirteen years in
collecting the materials for his "Literature
TO-DAY and TO-MORROW will
be SPECIAL SILVERWARE days
at the now famous auction.
See the beautiful display of the
bright metal wrought by artists' hands
into a thousand varied shapes and
forms, plain and elaborate, for use and
When you see what you want have
it sent to the auctioneer. The price
may be less than half what you ex-
DAILY AT 2 P. M.
AND ALL KINDS OF
HOUSEHOLD GOODS !
AT PRICES TO SI IT THE TIMES.
HARDVO3D BEDKOOM SETS. . . $20.00
PARLOR SETS, B^cTs^red- • -$25.00
SOFA BED) from $7.00
RANGES from $10.00
4-ROOM OUTFIT from $85.00
It Pays You to Give Us a Gall Before
CASH OK INSTALLMENTS.
KRAGEN FURNITURE CO..
1043 MARKET STREET,
Between Sixth and Seventh.
jar D£B9 *vipiiBo*