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VOLUME LXXIX.-NO. 8.
OLD WORLD POLITICS Harold Frederic Reviews Events in European Nations. FLIGHT OF SAID PASHA. It Has Given England a Chance to Reassert Herself in the Levant. MAY NOW BULLY THE SULTAN. Struggles of the Leaders of Cliques in France and Germany Vividly Portrayed. [Copyright, 1895, by the New York Times. 1 LONDON, Eng., Dec. 7.— The pic turesque episode of little Said's flight from the Sultan's reach to a refuge inside the British embassy gives a welcome dash of personal interest to a situation which had grown to become tiresome in its menacing and yet meaningless strain upen every body's nerves. Here at last is a promise of something tangible and definite. Those who describe Said as pro-Russian and express surprise that he should turn to the English for safety are mistaken. In Sir 'William "White's time Said was his closest friend, and it was White who made him Grand Vizier. Since White's death the British influence in Constantinople had gone to pieces, and possibly Said may have listened to Russian whisperings, but now that England is disposed to reassert herself in the Levant, Said naturally flung himself under the shelter of the union, with his oldest boy in arms. This unexpected sensational incident throws quite into the background now the nearly three-week-old demand for double guardships off the Golden Horn, for Eng land has isolated action thrust upon her quite independent of the so-called Euro- pean concert. There is a report from a rather doubtful source to-night that the Sultan has conceded the tirmans asked for to Jet additional guardships through the Dardanelles; but even if this report be true Said's presence in the English em bassy creates a far more interesting new complication. There has been an enor mous increase this week of pro-Armenian excitement here, due to ihe Armenian ex citement and the publication of a set of ghastly photographs of slaughtered heaps of vict'.n;s, and the popular pressure for English action, independent if necessary, has becprne co powerful that Lord Salis bury caii hardly disregard it. The episode f I Said's protection gives him a chance to bully the Sultan on grounds admirably suited to tickle British fancy and generally to take a line of his own, which will fece the other powers to acquiesce or show their hands. Reports of hurried Russian preparations for action in the Black Sea continue to multiply until it is extremely likely that the coming week will disclose that Russia and France have separated themselves from the other powers in their attitude toward the Sultan. Very probably it will be found, also, that Germany at least de clines to say that she thinks they are wrong, but for the moment it is risky to predict what Germany's foreign policy will be on any given question. Growing ex citement continues to be observable ail over Germany. It is believed that the minor .States have outvoted Prussia's rep resentatives in the Bundesrath on the question of providing another socialist leg islation for the whole empire with the re sult that the subject was not mentioned at the opening of the Reichstag Tuesday. All sorts of rumors are afloat of impend ine demonstrations by the Grand Duke of Baden and other important German princes of their disgust at what is going on in Ber lin. The Emperor's speech to the Grena dier officers at Breslau Tuesday, which has distanced all his previous exhibitions of how a constitutional monarch should not believe, has added acutely to the impres sion of a crisis of some sort approaching. It is apparent that a tremendous struggle is going on behind the court curtain as to whether Yon Koeller, Minister of the Interior.who is responsible for the amazing onslaught of the Social Democratic organ ization, shall be dismissed or not. He is in a semi-suspended state now in obedi ence to a demand said to have been made by Hohenlohe, backed by practically the entire Ministry, but the whole pack of court favorites, with the Eulenburg fam ily at their head, are bringing to the Kaiser night and day appeals to keep yon Koeller and defy and crush all elements of oppo sition as the Kings of Prussia were accus tomed to do in the past. Truiy, William may be said to be at the turning of ways. The Parisians take it for granted that Ilanotaux is to return to the French For eign Office, the death of Berthelot's daugh ter giving to him a decent pretext for re tiring. It was on the Madagascar treaty that Hanotaux retired, and here his ad vice after being condemned, has been fol lowed. Laroche, who is going out as a resident-general, is a Protestant and will be careful to avoid tliose entanglements with English and American missionaries which Hanotaux declared would follow if the Clericals and Chauvinists had (heir own way, but in the Levant and the Far East he is anti-British, and if he resumes the for eign portfolio it will bs remarked as of evil omen here. It is difficult to throw any fresh light on the Venezuelan embroglio from this side of the water. A report was Bpread about Thursday evening that Salisbury had writ ten an exhaustive criticism of the Monroe doctrine pretensions, which appeared to have an authoritative source, but you will know before we do what he has said. So long as the matter remains in the discus sion stage English opinion wiil be unani mously against the idea of suffering any part of British Guiana as defined by the Schomberg line to be regarded as in dis pute. That much is perfectly certain. At this time English politicians are unable to believe that the American Government intends seriously to press such a sug gestion, and the better class of journals refrain from conimenta which The San Francisco Call. SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 8, 1895-TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. would tend to lessen the chances of friendly understanding. From the be ginning Chamberlain has had special charge of the Venezuelan affair, and though this latest official pronouncement on it comes from Salisbury, it is based on a brief prepared by the Colonial Secretary. His energy in other directionscontinues to attract admiring attention. He dwarfs everybody else in the Cabinet, and seems to be the one to whom every vexed question naturally drifts for settlement, like Pier pont Morgan in New York financial circles. Each day we hrar of some new achieve ment to his credit. Now he is stirring up the Colonial Governors around the globe to systematic study of foreign imports which might be British; now he is decid ing to help Canada to establish a 20-knot steamer line to England; now he is tixing up the Stckes affair with the King of the Belgians, or consolidating, by a stroke of his pen, the scattered states of the Malay peninsula. He and his wife have been visiting the Queen twice in one week, which is an unprecedented show of royal favor; but it quite matches the popularity that he is evidently earning everywhere else. It is such a novelty here to have an administrator who actually administers that it is not easy to set bounds to the reputation that he may not win if his luck continues and he does not bustle into some hornet's nest which will alter the public, feeling toward him. It is now said confidently that the ship building deadlock will be brought to a conclusion next week. There are rumors that large Chinese orders have been placed in Germany, the difficulty about ready money being met by political compensa tions in the Far East, not specified. I have it merely as a talk among the New castle builders; impossible to verify. It is more certain that Argentine has placed orders here for a large number of torpedo catchers, probably at Chiswick,but the ex act location of the order is keDt a profound secret. Ostensibly, one of the two seats of Southampton, won by the Tories in July, is vacated by the election judges, on the ground that a Tory agent gave a voter a half-dollar railway fare, and the candidate in whose interest this was done permitted himself to be drawn about by a procession of drunken costers. The truth is, though, tbat the whole election there, as in a hun dred other provincial towns, was made one colossal debauch by free beer on the Tory side, and if the judges regarded the spirit instead of the letter of the corrupt prac tice act the borough would be disfran chised altogether. It is not known if Sir Francis Evans, whose American wife so distinguished herself in the previous bye election, will consent to be the Liberal candidate for the vacancy. He might win, but as a rule constituents punish candi dates who put them to the expenses of an election-petition trial. It is understood that when the French census is taken next year it will show, for the first time in the history of France, a smaller population than the British islands. There was only a difference of about 500,000 in IS9I. And this has been made up nearly twice over by the superior British birth rate since. Economists have been pointing out to the French for years, without mucn effect, that their relatively diminishing population made it impossi ble that they should ro on spending vast sums to maintain a fighting equality with people getting so much bigger than them selves. Perhaps this beine jvertaken by the British, who, with the beginning of the century, had only 16,000,000 to France's 27,000,000, will appeal to the French imagi nation. No one understands here whether young Winston Churchill is with the Spaniards or with the rebels in Cuba, but in either case it is not seen how he can escape a wigging from the army ofiicers here. His friends would not regard it as a misfortune if it led to his leaving the army, for they have high hopes that he will do remark able things in politics. His excited speech to the midnight swell mob, who rioted in the Empire Theater last year to show their disgust for the County Council puritans, though hardly adapted for pub lication, is still recalled fondly by them as revealing oratorical talents hardly inferior to those of his father at his best. Carlyle's centenary has called forth a rather notable speech from John Morley and a great flood of appropriate comment from lesser essayists, who differ stormily concerning the eventual rank that the sage of Chelsea is to receive in the British pantheon. The book-bellers report a con siderable revival in the demand for his works, especially "Sartor Resartus" and the essays, but whether this is a temporary flurry or a permanent sign it is hard to say. The decision in the Queen's Bench that no trademark monopoly in "Trilby" aprons could be asserted by one manufac turer against others is a solitary indication thus far of the tendency here to rebaptize things in honor of the new vogue, and per haps it will go no further. The Pall Mall Gazette makes a final appeal to the self respect and common-sense of the British nation not to go mad like the Americans over the "Trilby" craze, and this may stem the rising tide. Hall Caine's report of his Canadian copy right arrangements in a column and a half of tbe Times to-day has not yet been commented on here. The writers whom I have thus far talked with have come to no definite conclusions as yet, but lead to the notion that a compromise will not be accepted with enthusiasm here. Wiiliam Morris is now putting through the Kelmscott press a vellum edition of Chaucer, which will cost the purchasers $600 per set. probably an unequaled price for a new book. All the 425 copies of the paper edition, at $100 each, have been sub scribed for in advance. His own "The Earthly Paradise" is also to have a vellum edition, the price of the eight volumes being $275. Paris is much interested by the appear ance of a new Cherbuliez novel, "Apres Fortune Faite," owing to the fact that when Mrae. Cherbuliez died last year the author locked up the completed manu script in which she bad been exceptionally interested, and declared that he could never endure to see it printed. Like Ros setti, however, time and the publishers have conquered his grief. The work is spoken of as quite the most remarkable product of ftis pen. Lady Eastlake's "Journals" have the monopoly for the moment of the review ers' attention. There is a good deal of pleasant rivalry to wade through, but there are also numberless smart, clear-cut glimpses of great people, which make the book extremely worth the while for read ers of memoirs. George Gissing has slowly won his way [Continued on Third IHigc} UNCLE SAM — "TOUCH IT, IF YOU DARE!" TO AVENGE WRONGS Armenians in America Very Anxious to Fight the Turks. WAS NOT EXAGGERATED. For Every Ten Persons Reported Massacred Many Times That Number Were Slain. STORIES TOLD BY SURVIVORS. "There Is a Sea of Blood All About Us" Wrote One Sufferer at Adena. HAVERHILL, Mass., Dec. 7.— The local Armenians are much interested in the proposed movement in this country to form a military organization and to go at once to their country and avenge the ter rible wiongs to their countrymen, and will take action at once. George Kazanjian received from a friend at Harpoot a few days ago a letter giving particulars of the terrible condition of affairs. In this letter the friend states that the attrocities have not been exag gerated as claimed, but alleges that for every ten persons reported to have been massacred there have been many times that number butchered of which nothing has been said. Makals Esperian received a few days ago a letter of similar import, and Martin Abedian received one from his father at Adena posted in the French Postoffice, stating that in order to send the letter he was obliged to risk his life, and that he knew not if he would ever write again. The father of Nisban Garabediad closes a letter to his son with the sensational state ment : "There is a sea of blood all about us and we are in the center of it." LONDON, Eng., Dec. 7.— Advices from Constantinople, nnder date of December 3, are that the American colony there is pre paring to send a petition to the United States Government to send an American cruiser to the Bosphorus. The petition is entirely unofficial, and United States Min ister Terrell has given no encouragement to the promoters of it, as he regards the proposal as fntile. It is stated in the same dispatches that Minister Terrell believes that a United Statea dispatch boat could be procured if the American colony sent a petition to their Government asking that such a ves sel be sent to their assistance. MASSACRE AT TREBIZOND. Mlaa JSffle Chambera of Jo to a Writes of Terrible Occurreneea. COUNCIL BLUFFS, lowa, Dec. 7.-The following letter was received in Council Bluffs this morning from Miss Effie Cham bers, formerly of Tabor, lowa, on the re- cent massacre of Armenians at Trebizond. The letter bears date of October 18. She says : "For the past week our honse has been filled to overflowing with refugees who have fled for their lives, frightened almost to death by the dreadful things that have occurred here lately. The massacre came about almost like a thunderbolt dropped out of a clear sky, and even now, though the house is filled with so many newly made widows and orphans, I can scarcely realize that a week ago these streets were filled with a clamorous mob of armed men, savagely hunting down and slaughtering their feliow-men in the most fiend ish man ner. "The beginning of the excitement was this: Tuesday a discharged TurKish offi cial from Van "was stopping in the city, ostensibly waiting for a steamer to take him to Constantinople. He is a bad man and much disliked by both Turks and Armenians. This man in company with our own vali was walking in the streets when they were iired upon bix times in succession by a young man in a coach man's uniform. Of the six shots one struck the man fired at, wounding him in the leg, another hit our own vali in the hand, a third hit a Turkish boy in the crowd of comers and goers, a fourth an Armenian boy, and the other two seemed not to have struck anybody. After the sixth attempt he turned and fled, rather slowly, however, keeping the crowd back with his weapon, which was not a very difficult matter, as the men in this coun try are not fond of ahootingr-irons unless in their own hands. This happened near the police station, and although notice was immediately given those worthies there did not want to get hurt either, so they moved very slowly until confident the man was beyond their reacb, or rather they were beyond reach of his revolver. Then they began to manifest a desire to find him, breaking into nouses and stir ring up things generally, but they could no t — or a t least did not — find the offender. "Tuesday morning, with my assistant and the little ones gathered about me. I was thinking of nothing bur the work be fore me when I beard the ret>ort of a gun near by, and Dr. Tarmalee and son burst into the room with b.lanched faces, saying in English: 'It has begun! It has begun!' At the same time the Armenian teacher, who had been upstairs, rushed into our school on the lirst floor, telling the same thing in Armenian, adding that they were killing Armenians in the streets, and that they would kill us all, too. "What are the results of this outbreak in Trebizond? Five hundred or more men are killed, which is about a fourth of the Armenian population of the city. The business of the entire community <s de stroyed, their shops pillaged and their homes ruined. Many who were in com fortable circumstances have absolutely nothing left, while the poor people who worked by the day for their daily bread are absolutely destitute. The outlook is dreadful. It was also cruelly done, too. "Thursday two women succeeded in carry ing a letter to the Consul, aud two guards were sent to us. When these women ar rived at the consulate, they found it sur rounded by soldiers who demanded to know what they wanted. They replied, 'Hots' (bread) and were allowed to pass. "If you could see the utter ruin and despair into which they are plunged it would make your heart ache. And yet they do not sit down with folded lianas, but many have already gone back to the shattered homes and others will soon do likewise and endeavor to repair home and fortune as soon as there is anything like safety. But they are hopeless. The Gov ernment can make no promises they will trust. "One man said to me, 'I have no faith in the Turks; their promises are good for nothing.' His wife said, 'It seems as if the Lord had forgotten us too.' 'No,' said her husband, 'don't say that; he knows what we need.' I thought of Job. Surely his faith and patience are repeated again and again among these people. 1 ' Miss Chambers closes her letter with the request that the friends in America will uphold them by prayers, and expressed the hope that relief may soon be devised for those down - trodden and oppressed peop le. CHARGED WITH TREACHERY. * That Is Why the Sultan Want* to Get Said Faaha. NEW YORK, N. V., Dec. B.— The Her aid's special cable from Vienna says: In formation has been received in regard to the incidents which led to the flight of Said Pasha as follows: A num ber of functionaries of the palace showed to the Sultan an anonymous letter add ressed to the president of the council, asking him to take certain steps in regard to the crisis. His Majesty believed that Said Pasha was rcally,in communication with certain persons outside the palace and ordered his arrest. His belief in the treachery of Said Pasha was increased by anonymous denuncia tions accusing him of being engaged in»a plot for the reinstatement of the deposed Sultan , Marad V. Austria will take advantage of the com plete accord among the powers to start en ergetic measures with a view of simplify ing the situation. Dispatches received here state that Govo rebels are surrounded by Turkish im perial troops and their surrender is ex pected. A form of fever, known in Tur key as hunger typhus, has broken out at Erzeroum. Recent heavy falls of snow in the upper Armenian districts, ravaged by the Kurds, are the reason that no dispatches have been received for some days past. Courtray of France. PARIS, Fkance, Dec. 7.— The Journal dcs Debats says that the French Govern ment consents to communicate to the United Slates the contents of the docu ments in the case of John L. Waller, ex- United States Consul to Madagascar, now serving a term of imprisonment in France. This action, the Journal says, is taken as a mark of courtesy to the United States. Tli? Bimetallic Congreaa. PARIS, France, Dec. 7.— The Inter national Bimetallic League has received information that British and German dele gates will attend the Bimetallic Congress, to be held in Paris on December 10, 11 and 12. HANDS OFF, THEY SAY Britons Who Object to Any Interference by This Country. ATTITUDE OF SALISBURY May Deny the Right of Uncle Sam to Enter the Vene zuelan Dispute. OPPOSITION TO ARBITRATION. Meanwhile the Little Southern Re public Is Preparing to Fight the English. LONDON, Esu.. Dec. 7.— ln accordance with unvarying precedent the reply of Prime Minister Salisbury to the note of the Hon. Richard Olney, the American Secretary of State, on the Venezuelan dis pute, will not be issued by the Foreign OMice until it is presented to Parliament. It will be a surprise to every one if Lord Salisbury in his reply has not firmly de clined to admit the right of the United States to interfere in the dispute between Great Britain and Venezuela, and espe cially to insist tnat the whole case shall be submitted to arbitration. The general public takes small interest in the dispute or the attitude of the United States in the matter. Not the remotest reference has been made on the political platform during the period that the Prime Minister has been wrestling with Mr. Olney's note and the reply thereto. The comments in the press also indicate the line of British opposition, which according to the news papers is unanimously against any arbitra tion concerning the territory within the Schomberg line. The Statist says: "Neither for its own sake, nor ours, is it expedient for the United States Government to put forward a claim of right to dictate how we shall conduct a dispute with another country relative to territory that fias long been held by the British. The United States Government is entitled to offer its good offices, but there is a wide distinction be tween these and interventions based on the ground that the United States has the right to forbid any Government in the world to enlarge the area under its juris diction in a part of the American Conti nent. • Still, there is no occasion for heroics. The bit of territory in dispute is of small value, while good relations with the United States are of the highest value to us and civilization." The Spectator says: "President Cleve land addresses Great Britain in the tone of a master in laying down principles so absolutely. His sentences read as if Great Britain had been ordered to choose ar bitration or war. Negotiations will not be carried on in that tone unless the Presi dent and the American people are seeking war, a crime of which we would not even mentally accuse them." The Economist, treating of the same sub ject, declares that Mr. Cleveland's words mean that Great Britain must not defend what she considers her own soil against any Spanish-American State, under the penalty of the United States declaring war. It is impossible for Lord Salisbury to yield to such pretensions, yet it is more difficult for him to deal with them so as to avoid exasperating American feeling. His only sensible course is to repudiate seeking for any extension of territory and do nothing, leaving on Venezuela or the United States the responsibility for aggression. PREBARIXG FOR WAS. Venezuela Snid to lie Bached by Four Southern JS'ationa. CARACAS, Venezuela, Dec. 7.— After a council this morning it was decided posi tively to refuse to accede to any further demands of England and prepare for the defense of national territory against fur ther incursions. Orders to that effect are already Issued at La Guayra, Puerto and Cabello. The defenses were ordered in creased and troops concentrated on the coasts and frontier. Leaders of the oppo sition to Crespo are tendering their services in case of war, which now appears un avoidable. It is rumored that the troops on the frontier will recapture the national territory now occupied by the English. It is semi-offidally stated that already four nations have promised aid to Venezuela in case of war. JJV CLE VELAND>B ABSENCE. Congress to Slake an Effort to Secure Salisbury's Heply. WASHINGTON, D. 0,, Dec 7.— Great disappointment is expressed by members of the House to-day tnat the President should have left the city yesterday and thus have delayed laying before them the information contained in Lord Salisbury's reply to Secretary Olney's letter, which reached Washington last evening. Such of the representatives as feel a teen and patriotic interest in the Venezuelan boun dary question— and these constitute prac tically the whole House— have expected that the British Premier's answer would be immediately forwarded by the Presi dent in a special message to Congress. The President's absence will prevent the House for possibly ten days from leceiving this information, unless some other method of procuring it is reached. Mr. Livingstone of Georgia, who is con spicuously friendly to Venezuela, believes that he has evolved a plan which will get the Salisbury letter before the House by next week. This plan looks to the intro duction of a resolution when the House reassembles on Monday, calling upon the Secretary of State for his letter to Lord Salisbury, written in July last, and the British Premier's reply, received yester day, if this be not incompatible with the public service. Mr. Livingstone will ask the immediate consideration of his resolu- tion, which, if it be adopted, may be fol lowed by the correspondence within the next twenty-four or forty-eight hours. SAZISBUJiT'S COMMVNICATION. It Wat Delivered to Olney by the British JCmbasaador- WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 7.— At 11 o'clock to-day Sir Julian Pauncefote, the British Embassador, came to the State Department bearing one of the character istic blue envelopes with the accoroDany ing red seal which form the distinguish ing features of the British diplomatic cor respondence, Lord Salisbury's reply to Secretary Olney 's note in regard to the proposed Venezuelan boundary arbitration. The document was in print with the usual wide margin for notes, and printed in the customary legible type pertaining to such communications. The British Embassador was saved the necessity of going through the formula of reading to Secretary Olney the exceedingly lengthy and argumentative communication of which he was made the official bearer, by perceiving that Secretary Olney himself had a duplicate in his hands, which had been transmitted to nim by Embassador Bayard by the same steamer, as that which conveyed Sir Julian Pauncefote's missive, and which Ijad consequently reached him last night. This materially shortened the official ceremony. The presentation of the note barely occupied ten minutes. The reading of it would have consumed several hours. Sir Julian Pauncefote left the department before 11:15 o'clock. Secretary Olney himself shortly afterward disappeared and his confidential clerks declared with much emphasis for some hours afterward that the British Embassador had not been at the State Department that day and that the British note had not yet been received. IN THE CAUSE OF CUBANS Generals Maceo and Gomez Show Masterly Skill in Their Plans. They Raise the Blockade on Santiago de Cuba in Order to Guard Other Sections. BOSTON, Mass., Dec 7.— A dispatch to a morning paper from Santiago de Cuba states thai the blockade to which that city has been subjected for nearly three months past has at last been raised. The blockade has, while not absolutely preventing the sending of troops out of the city, been very strictly kept by the insurgents' army of the east under General Maceo, who has virtually overrun the whole east. The cause for this sudden action upon the part of the insurgents is the result of the campaign mapped out at the confer ence between the leaders of the party held near Matanzas last week. At this confer ence it was decided that as the east had practically been conquered the united patriot army should fortify the mountains on the direct approach from Havana, and thus prevent the regulars from making any further gains toward the east. In another manner both General Maceo and General Gomez have shown masterly skill. While they have practically raised their blockade of Santiago de Cuba, that city will in no wise contribute to the Span ish success. It will be imsossible for it to be reinforced without taking away the army lyine between the insurgents and the capital, such a proceeding almost to a surety entailing a severe repulse to the regulars and a very certain chance of the capture of the capita!. General Campos needs his whole army to protect the road to the capital and in his aggressive cam paign toward the east it would be an im possibility for him to lessen his torces in any manner. . • The reports that have been circulated a 9 to the destitute condition of the insurgents are denounced by both the patriot leaders as mere fabrications of the Spanish au thorities. General Maceo in an interview stated that the patriots were in better con dition than ever before for a long struggle, and that the most unbounded confidence in early success prevailed everywhere. Emperor William Returns. BERLIN, Germany, Dec. 7.— Emperor William, wno was on a hunting expedi tion in Hanover, suddenly returned to Berlin this aflernoon. It was not expected that he would return until Tuesday next, when action would'be taken on the reten tion or retirement of Herr yon Koeller, Prussian Minister of the Interior. It is believed that his return is due to the fact that the ministerial crisis haa become graver. Wreck of a German Bark. LONDON, Eng., Dec. 7.— Tne German bark Libertas was wrecked off Callantsoog, Holland, last evening by the heavy gale that has prevailed throughout Northern Europe for severs 1 day s. Only two of the bark'a crew were saved. Four bodies from the wreck, have been washed ashort. PRICE FIVE CENTS. SPEAKS FOR ALLISON General Clarkson's Views on the Candidacy of the Senator. BELIEVES HE WILL WIN. Is Just the Kind of Republican Required for the Presi dency. HIGH STANDARD OF PRINCIPLES Others Who Comment Favorably Upon Selecting Such a Man as the lowan. WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 7.— General Clarkson to-night gave The Call corre spondent the following interview: "In reply to inquiries concerning the prospects and possibilities of Senator Alli son's candidacy for President I would say that I consider him to have a fortunate place in the Presidential field. He has a great deal of affirmative strength, has the good will of all elements, is the second and third choice of a large proportion of the supporters of other candidates, and has a record without a flaw and a standing in the party without enemies. He is aa strong affirmatively on the tariff and finance as any of the other candidates, and has some negative qualities that others do not have. '•He is a stanch Republican of the Abra ham Lincoln sort, who believes in Repub licans for every office, and that the Repub lican party in power can serve the country best by carrying out Republican principles. This is a Republican Government based on party responsibility. We have had for many years a new theory in some quarters that the President must always be doubt ing the honesty of his own party and the soundness of its principles. In lowa we believe instead that the Republican party has no principles and no ambitions which, are not conservative of the interests of the country and of the Government. We have Republicanism without apology, and we believe in men who hold offices at the gift of the Republican party, not forgetting their own party in the days of their powei. "It is a fortunate thing for the Repub lican party and this contest that every candidate in the field is worthy to be President and would make a good Presi dent. It is to be a contest without bitter ness or acrimony. I do not believe any man will have votes enough to win at the start. The strongest man on the third or fourth or a later ballot will be the one who wins, and we in lowa and many Repub licans all over the country hope and be lieve that this man will be Ailiaon. The people of the far West and of all portions of the West know that he understands the development of new States and their in terests, and is always in sympathy with the people of such States and their aspira tions. "The people of the East know that he is sound on every public question, and trust him as fully as the people of the West. Otherwise he is strong in his National character, and he is not a sectional man in any sense. This was shown in his attitude in voting for and carrying through the sugar bounty last winter in Congress, for he believed in the National system of protection — one for the South and the West as well as the East. It is the breadth of Allison that makes him so strong. We ad mire his competitors and believe in their Republicanism, and are proud of a party that can furnish so many strong candi dates, but we believe in Allison and believe that he will win." The candidacy of Senator Allison for President is the subject for discussion throughout the East to-day. Many East ern newspapers comment favorably, and around the hotel corridors to-night where the big representation of politicians con gregated his candidacy was most favor ably regarded. It i 3 asserted that of all the Presidential possibilities suggested, in these discussions to-day, Mr. Allison is the most popular. He seems to be the first choice of many and the second choice of nearly all. The Star devotes a column of its first page to Mr. Allison, in course of which it says: "The announcement that Senator Allison is to become an active candidate for the Presidency and that his friends will push his claims to nomination is the subject of much approving comment in political circles. It is regarded as an emi nently wise and proper thing to be done. Mr. Allison, it is held, being leader, must make his play among the leaders. He is much too distinguished a veteran to make a successful play either on a compromise or mark his lines, and hence, if he is to win at all. it must be as an open and IFVKTDMIW &co'§ COPPER RIVETED OVERALLS AND SPRINfBOnOH PANTS. EVERY PAIR GUARANTEEtt ." fOR SALE EVERYWHERE,