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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, December 10, 1895, Image 1

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VOLUME LXXIX.— NO. 10.
WHICH CITY WILL GET THE CONVENTION?
Busy Day of the Rival
Boomers Just Before
the Battle.
NOMINATIONS IN ORDER.
Californians Will Present the
Claims of San Francisco
This Morning.
THE PROSPECTS OF A VICTORY.
Many Republicans of the Nation Now
Support the Metropolis of
the West.
WASHINGTON. D. C, Dec. 9.—An
other day of hustling by San Francisco's
convention boomers, and to-night they be
lieve their prospects are better than ever.
They held another meeting to day, and in
consequence of the many objections they
had heard against a $50 round-trip rate
from Chicago to San Francisco decided
that they would make the price $25. They
made this announcement to-night:
They calculate that many delegates will
be willing to pay the regular rate of $50,
but if there are delegates who feel they
cannot afford to pay so much, they will be
given a round-trip ticket for half that
THESE MEN SAY VICTORY IS IN SIGHT.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 9.
CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE, Editor CALL. San Francisco: I believe
that San Francisco will win to-morrow. But if it does not, the reasons
which are argued against the Pacific Coast are such as would forever
prevent a National convention from going there. The principal reason
is the difference in time between the East and West. Californians,
with their indomitable will and energy, can do much, but they cannot
change the order of the revolutions of the earth or the sun. This
difference in time and the distance between the East and West must
necessarily cause inconvenience. But if these inconveniences of news
papers are to prevent a political recognition of the Pacific Coast this
time, they must necessarily always produce the same result. I am
therefore in favor of an uncompromising vote for San Francisco by its
friends from first' to last, win or lose. If we win, well and good ; and if
we lose, let us go down with our flag flying and our guns firing.
We protest against so outrageous a proscription of San Francisco
and th&Pacific Coast. I believe, however, that we will win. > r<
H H. Z. OSBORNE. i^
— i •,. — ♦ „ -jf^-.^.
V WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec 9.
CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE, Editor CALL, San Francisco : We
are greatly encouraged to-night. Three members of Congress from
Kansas, friends of mine, have just called at our headquarters and
brought with them their committeeman, saying : We have come to
deliver him to California and claim the reward." The reward is
duly paid. It looks to-night as though we had secured additional
votes, as follows : Kentucky, Kansas, Florida, South Carolina, New
Mexico and Montana. Nothing is sure, but we are elated.
[\ ROBERT A. FRIEDRICH.
m
WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 9.
CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE, Editor CALL, San Francisco: The
situation at midnight is very favorable for San Francisco. We count
on nineteen the first ballot. If the barometer of the lobbies can be
believed we shall win ; but don't run up the flag yet.
N. P. CHIPMAN.
amount. The San Franciscans estimate
that not more than 500 delegates would
take advantage of this reduced rate, the
others being able and willing to pay $50.
But if 500 delegates should ask for the
cheaper rate the expense of transporting
them would only amount to $12,500, and
they believe that the local committee in
San Francisco and Californians generally
will sustain them in making this offer.
General Chipman said to-night:
"We believe that we will be supported in
this action by every Californian who is
anxious for the convention. We came
here to win if possible, and rather than
fail we made the inducement of a $25 rate.
"It will amonnt to less than $20,000 at
the outside, and we must pay this to the
railroads to make up the difference be
tween the $25 and $50 fare. We wired the
Pnllman Company to-day and tried to get
them to reduce sleeping-car fares, but they
telegraphed back that it would be impos
sible.
' 'We have also offered to pay the traveling
and hotel expenses of the National Com
mitteemen, and have agreed to discharge
the National Committee's debt, which
now amounts to $68,000. We have also
given aSsurances that with twelve to fif
teen transcontinental wires and the du
plex, quadruple! and 'Wheatstone' sys
tems of telegraphy, we can handle 3000
words of specials."
The Californians claim they will have
twenty or twenty-one votes on the first
ballot, or four or five more than San Fran
cisco's nearest competitor will have. They
are counting upon the votes of the follow
ing States and Territories: California,
Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Idaho,
Alaska, Montana. Arizona, Wyoming,
Colorado, Utah. Kansas, lowa, Maine,
Minnesota, North Dakota, Michigan, Ken
tucky, Connecticut and Delaware, New
Jersey and the District of Columbia.
They believe that the following are
"probable": South Carolina and Florida.
Mr. Long, the Florida committeeman, was
heH< ved yesterday to be certain to support
San Francisco, but io-day his vote is in
doubt.
General Friedrich has no doubt that
Kansas will be for San Francisco. The
Kansas delegation called at San Fran
cisco's headquarters to-day, and their cor
diality and protestations of friendship en
courage San Francisco to rely on the
Kansas vote.
"They virtually premised me that San
Francisco should count on the vote of
their committeeman," said General Fried
rich to-night.
The California boomers called in a body
on xhe Piitsburgers at their headquarters
to-day and were given a warm welcome.
'lhe Californians on leaving gave three
The San Francisco Call.
cheers for Senator Quay, who, they have
been told, would favor San Francisco as
his second choice. Each delegation is
"jollying" up the other and these love
feasts inspire each gang of boomers to be
lieve that his city is bound to win.
' San Francisco has certainly received
many protestations of friendship, but
some of them should be taken with a few
grains of salt. So many have called at
the San Francisco headquarters to-day
with kind words for the Golden Gate
metropolis that the San Francisco com
mittee feels quite elated to-night; but
others are doubtless able to diagnose the
situation and form better prognostications
of the outcome than the immediate mem
bers of the committee of boomers.
The contest between St. Louis and Chi
cago is nip and tuck. St. Louis hotels
promised to entertain negro delegates,
which removed one great objection to that
city, and as Missouri has ten Republicans
in this Congress it may be determined to
assist the anti-Republicans of Missouri to
drop the State in the Republican column
by holding the convention in St. Louis.
On the other hand Chicago is considered
the ideal convention town by a great
many National comniitteemen and promi
nent Republicans generally, and, if Chi
cago secures the convention, she will win
on her merits, as the Chicago people are
indifferent and have only raised $34,000.
Their committee here is resting its case
with sublime confidence that the conven
tion will come to Chicago as a matter of
course.
Colonel Trumbo this morning spoke
before the executive committee In favor of
Salt Lake. He said the city would give
$50,000 and would tender the finest conven
tion hail in the country— the great Mor
mon Tabernacle or the Saltair Beach
pavilion, which would be suitably fitted
up. He promised, also, sufficient accom
modation for delegates and visitors with
no advance rates.
His speech was listened to with great at
tention, but the executive committee in
formed him that Salt Lake could not win,
and that its continued candidacy would
only serve to weaken San Francisco in the
first ballot. Thereupon it was decided not
to present Salt Lake before the committee,
and influence will be exerted in behalf of
San Francisco.
Colonel Trumbo has been the recipi
ent of marked attention and has been
congratulated by many who do not believe
he can be defeated in Utah. He has been
taken into the counsels of Thomaa C. Platt
of New York, Senator Quay, General
Clarkson, Joseph H. Manley, General Fes
senden and other National leaders.
BALLYIXG OF THE CLAXS,
The Selection of a Convention Site Post
poned Until To-Day.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 9.— lt did
not take the Republican National Com
mittee more than ten minutes to-day to
discover that the plan of facilitating the
work proposed by Messrs. Carter and Man
ley, which looked to the placing of the
different cities in nomination to-day, was
not satisfactory. All of the number with
out exception insisted that they were not
ready to present their claims, nor would
they be until to-morrow.
Nevertheless the meeting was held.
After some delay a quorum was secured.
Chairman Carter called the meeting to
order and stated that the purpose of mak
ing the nominations this afternoon was to
permit a number of gentlemen to return
home who would otherwise be compelled
to ramain in Washington until after this
had been done. He was willing, however,
in view of the opposition, to postpone thi9
matter until to-morrow. Mr. de Young of
California moved that when the committee
adjourned this afternoon it be to meet at
10 o'clock to-morrow morning, when the
nominations shall be made.
Mr. de Young also moved that while the
number of speakers should be limited, not
more than one hour should be allowed to
each city to present its claims. Both mo
tions were adopted.
Upon motion of Mr. Habn of Ohio, a
committee of five was appointed, consist
ing of himself as cnairman, Messrs.
de Young of California, Clarksou of
lowa, Manley of Maine and Camp
bell of Illinois to draft a tele
gram to W. O. Bradley of Kentucky,
one of the members of the executive com
mittee, congratulating him upon his
election as Governor of that State and ex
tending the hope that his inauguration to
morrow may be attended by all the favur
SAN FRANCISCO, TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 10, 1895.
ine conditions which his personal and po
litical worth demand. The meeting then
adjourned.
A meeting of the executive committee
was held this evening in Chairman Man
ley's rooms to discuss the arrangements
for to-morrow's meeting. The National
Committee will sit in open conference to
hear the claims of San Francisco, St.
Louis, Chicaeo, Pittsburg and New York.
At the conclusion of the speechmaking
the committee will go into executive ses
sion and select the convention city.
There is as much uncertainty to-night
concerning the location of the Republican
National Convention as there is respecting
the candidate the convention will nomi
nate. The Chicago boomers, who were
quiet and not at all self-assertive this
morning, are to-night buDbling over with
good feeling. They are as certain as they
can be of anything that is not an accom
plished fact that the committee will locate
the convention in their city.
A visit to the California headquarters
shows the delegation from that State
equally confident of success, and at mid
night they are predicting that the battle
is nearly won. Mayor Rader of Los An
geles expresses the sentiment of his asso
ciates in saying that the Californians have
taken the word "fail" from their banners
and substituted therefor "success."
The St. Louis people smile contentedly
when these circumstances are related to
them and utter the simpie exclamation,
"Wait." They seem to understand the
reasons which account for the hopefulness
of tne Chicago and San Francisco people,
and say they will checkmate them when
the balloting begins to-morrow.
Nor have the Pittsburg contingent been
idle. Their delegation is numerically very
strong and of the members has
worked untiringly during the day to se
cure promises in Pittsburgh favor.
The New Yorkers who arrived late to
night set immediately at work. They are
more moderate than the other contestants.
The don't say what they expect to do, but
assert that they will make an honest effort
to secure the Convention, notwithstanding
the current belief that their visit to Wash
ington is more in the nature of a junket
than for any serious purpose.
The Chicago and San Francisco delega
tions will use money freely to secure their
object. The friends of Chicago say to
night that they will spend $100,000, if by
doing so they can secure the convention.
The major part of this sum will be applied
to the National committee's debt and the
remainder, they say, will be tendered to
the committee to be disbursed as they
may see fit.
But San Francisco is even more gener
ous. Tne San Franciscans are ieady to
furnish the money to extinguish the com
mittee's debt of ?68,000, to carry the mem
bers of the committee from their homes to
San Francisco and return, poying all their
expenses from start to finish, and will in
addition guarantee that round trip tickets
may be purchased from Chicago, St. Louis
and New Orleans to San Francisco and
back for $25.
As the railway companies will not make
a rate of less than $50, the San Franciscans
will stand ready, therefore, to advance
$25,000. additional to make good the differ- 1
enc*.' '
Senator Carter of Montana was asked
this evening how the National Committee
would consider propositions of this char
acter from Cuicago and San Francisco.
He replied, with marked emphasis, that
they would not be considered at all ; that
the committee don't propose to be bribed
and that the convention is not for sale.
To accept such offers, he added, would
create a national scandal which would
work great injury to the party and he ad
ded that he for one would not countenance
such a proceeding.
St. Louisans say they are entirely famil
iar with the plans of the Chicago and San
Francisco delegations and have every as
surance that not only will these proposi
tions not be accepted, but that they will
work to the injury of the cities which pro
pose them.
The New York delegation arrived at 9
o'clock to-night. They were headed by
General Daniel Butterfield and represent
the best commercial element of the me
tropolis. The delegation is composed of
such well-known citizens as General Dan
iel Butterfield, Judge William Henry Ar
nanx, James H. Bresliu, Simon Ford, E.
L. Merrifield, F. B. Thurber, James Tal
cott, C. C. Hayne, Murat Halstead, Robert
Durlap, Sheppard Knapp, E. T. Hall, H.
Angier, Donald McKay and F. 8. Gardner.
Others of the delegation who are ex
pected to arrive to-morrow are: John V.
Vrooman, George J. Seabury, John C.
Cummins, Fordham Morris, Oscar S.
Strauss, Austin Corbin. William It. Grace,
John H. Btarin, Samuel W. Fairchild,
Jordan L. Mott, W^. R. Ladow, Hugh R.
Garden, General Anson G. McCook,
Chauncey M. Depew, Roger Maxwell and
Joe H. Inman.
General Butterfield said to-night to a
United Press reporter that New Yoric City
earnestly desired the Convention. Bhe
will make a similar attempt to have the
Democratic Convention located within her
limits. General Butterfield will to-morrow
present New York's claim to the commit
tee. The New Yorkers, he said, under
stand that they are regarded as not being
sincere in desiring the Convention, and
this matter was broadly discussed by the
committee during the trip o ver this after
noon.
The California delegation held a meet
ing this afternoon, at which reports from
the individual members were read and
general satisfaction expressed at the grat
ifying condition of affairs. The delegation
then visited the Pittsburg headquarters in
a body. There they met Senator Quay, to
whom they were presented by Mr. de
Young, and who in turn made them ac
quainted with the Pittsburg contingent,
whose headquarters are especially attrac
tive by reason of their location and their
esthetic appointments.
From there the Californians proceeded
to the St. Louis headquartars, where sim
ilar introductions followed. To-night the
Pittsburg and St. Louis delegations re
turned the call with due solemnity. The
utmost good feeling exists between all the
rival claimants, and so far, notwithstand
ing the earnestness with which the contest
is waged, not a single word of disparage
ment has been uttered by one delegation
of the other.
The executive committee, of which Man
ley of Maine is chairman, held a brief
meeting to-night agreeably to the under
standing reached this afternoon, but it re
sulted in nothing of public interest. The
committee which was appointed to-day to
draft a telegram of congratulation to be
sent to Governor-elect Bradley of Ken
tucky to-morrow had not completed their
work at a late hour to-night, but will do so
in time for its early transmission Tuesday
forenoon.
ONE MORE MASSACRE.
No End to Depredations by
Fiendish Turks and
Kurds.
CAESAREA THE SCENE
Of the Most Horrible and
Cruel Onslaughts Yet
Reported.
STORIES OF GREAT SUFFERING.
It Is Said That 30,000 Armenians Have
Been Slain Under the Noses
of the Powers.
BOSTON, Mass., Dec. 9.— Rev. Judson
Smith, D.D., secretary of the American
Board of Foreign Missions, received the
following cablegram from a representative
of the board at Constantinople to-day:
"Massacre at Cresarea; missionaries un
doubtedly safe. No further particulars."
Later— A dispatch received 'to - night
brings the information that the foregoing
will by no means give an adequate sum
mary of the affair, as the details which
will arrive later prove the massacre to be
one of the most horrible and cruel in the
already long list. The gravest apprehen
sion is felt for the American missionaries,
as even if they escaped th« massacre the
late information brings to the board the
intelligence that their personal effects
have been destroyed and placed them in a
critical position.
The missionaries stationed at Caesarea
are: Rev. James L. Fowle, "Woburn,
Mass. ; Mrs. Caroline P. Boyle. Auburn
dale, Mass. ; R«v. William 8. Dodd, Boon
ton, N. J. ; Mrs. Mary L. Dodd, New York ;
Rev. Henry K. Wingate, Minneapolis;
Mrs. Jane C. Wingate, Marsovan, Turkey;
Miss Sarah A. Glosson, Arlington, Mass. ;
Miss Fannie K. Burrage, Pittsford, Vt. ;
Miss Cora A. Mason, West Superior, Wis.
The station is one of the farthest re
moved of any of the Asian missions and
the inhabitants are mostly Armenians,
but in the mountain:* near the city are
bands of. Kurds and Turks, who, for the
most part, are : bandits of the worst kind,
and would Beize the present opportunity
above all others |to carry out a massacre
for the purpose of plunder. The American
board at once telegraphed the State De
partment, giving notification of : the : mas
sacre and an appeal for urgent investiga
tion. , .;!v; :^s'--; '.'--■■■■? : y i : : '*''*}i.-?- y :'£ > "^■■'
ton this morning itpm «*' AmerkMi in
Constantinople .- describing 2 the situation
there and in the interior of Turkey :
"HappUy men can be kept alive ia tbese
regions on cents a day per / head^'Jbat
we are troubled to get money. . All the
merchants are ruined so that drafts can
not be longer cashed. We , have} tried to
, uti lize \ the European : administrations 'of
the tobacco monopoly and the publ . ic debt,
which continually to remit money
here. But they say that their receipts are
too small to meet our needs. „; ; , T
'££ "We , v I are now trying the expensive
method of sending the actual gold by post.
There is need of the greatest haste in get
ting some effective relief into the field.
The people will be dying of exposure and
starvation very soon. Moreover, the Turks
are trying by every means ■; in their power
to force the survivors to become Moham
medans. -■ They are offering aid }on this
condition in some places and in others are
pickmg up the desolate widows and ; or
phans , and a simply takine ' possession of
them; in order to make them Mohammed
ans without any will of the captives." C.v
■A native letter from ti:e district of Har
poot says that in one group of villages 600
Armenian men have been ; made Moham
medans, the ceremony being done by force.
All relief work will have to be done under
the protection of the British and American
Governments, otherwise the Turks : will
never permit such interference with their
plans, which are to keep foreigners from
contact with the people and let such starve
as will not accept the conditions offered
by the officials. There may be very soon,
say in the spring if not before, a European
war over the dismemberment of the empire.
"So long as the powers merely threaten
the Sultan with fleets unprovided with
means of climbing mountains, he simply
chuckles and proceeds with his cruelties
and outrages, while suavely declaring all
the time that neither cruelty nor outrage
exists save in the imagination of the Eng
lish Liberals and of the American mis
sionaries. Many of the Christian families
are laying in stores of food and water for
a siege."
BOSTON, Mass., Dec 9.— The following
information has been received here: There
are a few things to be particulary noticed
in reference to the horrible massacre at
Erzeroum on Wednesday, October 30:
First— lt was done by the regular sol
diers, assisted only to some extent by the
populace.
Second— lt was accompanied by a syste
matic plundering of both houses and
shops, done for the most part by the sol
diers.
Third— The attack on individuals with
tbe intent to kill, which is shown by the
large number killed, as compared with
the wounded. There are a few wounded
treated by their friends who escaped being
plundered.
Fourth— The attack began at aoout the
same moment all over the city, a few
minutes after noon. It ceased at the
same time, about half an hour before sun
set. That is, it began about 12:30 r. m. and
stopped at about 4:30 p. m. or a period of
about four hours.
Fifth— After the order was given to
cease there was no murdering or plunder
ing except in a few instances or in very
exposed places.
Sixth— The Armenians were attacked in
their places without any preparation for
defense. They made no attack and were
shot or cut down like animals in a trap,
without any opportunity for resistance.
The claim is made that the soldiers
broke ranks and rioted. In such a case it
was a most maryeiously syst matic and
well-conducted military riot. The follow
ing is the story of a soldier who took part
in it:
"At 4 o'clock (a la TurJc, which would be
about 9 o'clock) the bugle sounded and we
fell in. This was unusual, and we won
dered. We were toid to sharpen our
swords and get our arms in order for use.
We wondered all the more at this, but,
being soldiers, we obeyed orders. About
7 o'clock the bugle sounded aud again we
fell in.
"Then we were told that we were going
to war with the Armenians; that they had
risen in rebellion and had attacked the
Government house. We were marched
out and ordered to attack the houses. We
attacked, but saw no enemy. Whenever a
poor Armenian was seen running away we
were ordered to fire, and we simply shot
down or sabred those who were running
for safety. We broke into the houses and
plundered them. What have the wretched
Armenians done, and what can they do?
The central Government gave the order
and it has brought incalculable injury on
itself."
The following letter is from a corre
spondent in Western Turkey, who writes
to Bostonians concerning the situation in
Bardezag:
"More than 30,000 people have been
fiendishly butchered under the very noses
of the representatives of the so-called great
powers; their goods have been carried off;
in many cases their houses and even whole
villages have been burned; soldiers have
joined in the massacres, and have helped
to carry off and dispose of the goods; the
great 'blood-letter' of Constantinople
grins and snaps his fingers in the face of
Europe, and with unblushing effrontery
proclaims through the newspapers of his
empire that the reports spread abroad in
Europe that there are disorders in his em
pire are lies, there being only slight dis
turbances in the far-distant borders, and
these will all be satisfactorily arranged in
ten or twelve days.
"The Christian (save the mark) powers
sit by licking their thumbs and pretend to
believe that the poor slaughtered sheep,
whose blood is sweet to the taste, are re
sponsible for the ravenous appetite of the
wolf. More than 20,000 widowed women,
dishonored brides, fatherless children, in
firm people, skilled artisans without
tools, farmers without fields to till and
merchants without goods to sell, are now
crying to heaven for pity; thousands hav
ing no roof to cover them, or friends left to
afford them shelter, are wandering in the
hills and forests and dying every day by
scores, and that blood of martyrs is cryine:
for vengeance apparently in vain. But
relief will surely come."
CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, Dec. 9.—
Notwithstanding - the general' belief that
the ex-Grand Vizier, Said Pasha, would
persist in his reported determination to
leave the country an important change
was made in his plans to-day. It appears
that the Sultan has at last persuaded him
to forego his intention of remaining under
the protection of the British Embassador,
for this evening he left the • embassy and
returned to : his residence. It is believed
here that the resolution adopted at the
meeting of the representatives- of - the
powers •on Thursday, to >the : . effect that
the powers would support him should he
again J accept i the J post Grand Vizier,
was an important factor in causing him to
j»>a^^i:iii4t T cl«bu»*Uo* tQ«xp«mat*
MmwiU. . A» yet • Chtn i» • no indication of
what futnr* course will be. It is offi
cially stated to-day that there is perfect
quietude in : all ) the provinces except \ Zei
toun, where the Armenian rebels are still
in possession of the town. ;;..' <ZX&'\% U£ !
t PARIS, Feaxce, Dec. 9.— The Courier dv
Soir publishes a dispatch from Constanti
nople, stating that the Sultan has signed
firmans, with reserves, permitting *: the
guardships to enter the Bospborus. V
SURPRISED BY NATIVES
i
Slaughter of Five Companies of
Italian Troops in Abys
sinia.
It Is Known Seven Hundred Were
Killed and Three Hundred
Are Hissing.
ROME, Italt, Dec. 9.— The Govern
ment made the announcement in the
Chamber of Deputies to-day that the five
companies of Italian soldiers composing
the column under command of Major
Tosselli, operating in Abyssinia, had been
surprised and surrounded by a force of
25,000 natives, and tbat only a small por
tion of the command had succeeded in
breaking through the beleaguering lines
and making their retreat to Makaale.
The fate of Major Tosselli and that part
of his command remaining with him is as
yet unknown. General Barateri command
ing the Italian forces in Abyssinia is con
centrating his troops at Makaale, which
place is well fortified and amply supplied
with provisions and is prepared to repel
the forces of the enemy which are moving
in that direction.
General Mocenni, Minister of War, has
received information that General Ari
mondi, after being joined by the survivors
of Major Tosselli's command, was obliged
to retreat, the enemy having begun a flank
movement that threatened to cut off his
communication with. Makaale. The ADys
sinians are advancing on Adigrat.
The Cabinet to-day discussed the defeat
of Italian troops and decided to send rein
forcements, ammunition and artillery to
them by a fast transport, which will prob
ably start to-morrow.
Tbe public is much excited over the
news of the defeat. It is supposed that
Ras Makonnen's recent overtures for
peace were a ruse, of which Major Tosselli
was the victim. It was announced this
evening that General Arimondi, who went
to succor Major Tosselli, engaged the
Abyssinians and stopped their advance.
Tbe enemy's loss was severe. General
Arimondi has safely reached the vicinity
Of Adigrat.
LONDON, Eno., Dee. 9.— A dispatch
from Rome to the Central News Agency
says that tbe force that went to the relief
of Major Tosselli repulsed successive
bodies of Abyssinians, but could not reach
Major Tosselli. The latter's troops had
exhausted their ammunition. As soon as
the enemy learned this they charged upon
the Italians, nearly all of whom were, mas
sacred.
It is known that fourteen Italian officers
and 700 men were killed, while 300 are
missing. General Barateri is hastening
to engage tbe enemy.
The Daily News has a dispatch from
Rome which virtually confirms the report
that fourteen Italian officers and 700 men
were killed by the Abyssinians. Tbe dis
patch added that the reinforcements that
REFORMS DEMANDED BY AMERICAN LABOR.
will te sent to the Italian troops will com
prise six battalions numbering 5000 men.
MANY VICTIMS OF A SWINDLE.
Spurious Drafts Circulate in a Peculiar
Manner in Kansas and Okla
homa.
WICHITA, Kass., Dec. 9.— Abner Bourne,
cashier of the Citizens' State Bank of Har
per, reports a swindle of considerable mag
nitude that is being worked on the country
banks throughout Central and Western
Kansas and Oklahoma Territory. Already
over a dozen victims of a mysterious swin
dler, known by the name of George El
wood, have reported losses of $100 each
through his manipulation. The scheme is
earned on by means of drafts made pay
able to Elwood's order. They all originate
from a bank at Jamaica, lowa, and are to
all appearances genuine, but when banks
send them back to Jamaica they are pro
tested and returned without explanation
of any sort. Elwood evidently has a con
federate at Jamaica.
FOUNDERING OF A TUG.
The Campbell Went Down and All of the
Crew Perished.
DULUTH, Minn., Dec. 9.— News was re
ceived here this afternoon of the founder
ing of the tug Pearl S. Campbell, of the
Inman line of this city, off Huron Island,
Saturday morning. The lost are: Captain
W. L. McGilvra, master; John Lloyd, first
mate; George McCort, chief engineer; Fred
England, second engineer; cook, name un
known; two firemen, names unknown.
SPECULATORS ON THE JUMP.
Millions of Shares of Mining Stock Sold
in Colorado.
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo., Dec. 9.—
Speculation in the Cripple Creek gold
JOHN McBRIDE, PRESIDENT OF THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR
mining shares reached phenomenal pro
portions to-day, nearly 4,000,000 shares
being sold on the three exchanges here.
The cheaper stocks were the favorites, and
those having well-located properties were
in great demand. Among the higher
priced issues Anchoria Leland displayed
the greatest strength, $2 75 being paid.
Portland ana Isabella both receded sev
eral points, due solely to the desire on the
part of the holders to take profits. The
local exchanges are taking steps to strike
from their lists such stocks as have no
present or prospective value, of which
there are very few.
DENVER, Colo., Dec. 9.— The mining
stock market to-day indicated a decided
tendency to slump, many good stocks
dropping several points. The buyers and
sellers are yet too far apart for active
trading. Reports from the new camp of
Cotton wood, in Oilpin County, are encour
aging in the assays made from the float
found on the hillside. Claims have been
staked for a distance of several miles,
and indications of vein formations have
been discovered. Until some shafts are
sunk nothing definite can be said of the
new district.
JZEAD OUT O> THK PiJ?TI.
Addlekm and ' Supporter* Denounced by
the Republicans. ' i\.
WILMINGTON, Del., Dec. 9.-Bix or
seven hundred Republicans of prominence
have signed a statement reading J. Edward
Addicks out of the Republican party. The
statement reads :
"We hereby unqualifiedly condemn the
methods employed in this State by J.
Edward Addicks to gratify his selfish po
litical ambition, and particularly his
treachery to the Republican party in the
late Senatorial contest; and we hereby de
clare that J. Edward Addicks has for these
reasons placed himself in antagonism with
and outside the Republican party, and is
not entitled to be recognized as a member
of it."
The statement also reads out of the
party Robert J. Han ley, who is charged
with co-operating with the Democrats of
the General Assembly to defeat the elec
tion of a Republican Senator. Hanley
is a State Senator and managed the "Ad
dicks or nobody campaign" last winter.
HAJtVET IX TENNESSEE.
The Silver Champion Spoke to a large
Audience.
NASHVILLE, Tesn., Dec. 9.— W. H.
Harvey, author of "Coin's Financial
School," spoke at the Masonic Theater
to-night. He arrived here this morning
from Chicago, and this afternoon held a
reception at the Nicholson House. He
was called on by a large number of free
silver men of this city and other parts of
the State.
To-night the theater was crowded. On
the stage were many of the most promi
nent free-silver men in the State. Mr.
Harvey spoke for two hours and fifty
minutes and held the close attention of
his auditors. He was liberally applauded.
PRICE FIVE CENTS,
Interesting Address Made
by President Mcßride
of the Federation.
DUTY OF WORKINGMEN.
Urged to Co-operate in Electing
Officials Favorable to La
bor's Interests.
PRESIDENT CLEVELAND SCORED
Frequent Bond Issues Classed as the
Greatest Crime of the Nine
teenth Century.
NEW YORK, N. V., Dec. 9. — The
fifteenth annual convention of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor opened this morn
ing in Madison-square Gardens. Labor
leaders from all over the country, Canada
and Great Britain were present to lend
prestige to the importance of the conven
tion as an assemblage of leading represen
tatives of the organized working class of
the United States. The greatest interest
has already been shown in the election of
officers, friends and candidates earnestly
canvassing for votes. Samuel Gompers,
ex-president of the federation, is sore to
be a candidate again.
The convention opened in the assembly*
rooms shortly after 10 o'clock. John Mo
Bride, president of the federation, called
the convention to order, j. W. Sullivan
of this city delivered an address of wel
come. President Mcßride responded in
appropriate terms.
The committee on credentials being an
nounced the convention took a recess until
2 o'clock in order to give the committee
time to prepare a report. Tnere are only
one or two contesting delegations.
Upon the reassembling of the conven
tion the committee on credentials reported
in favor of seating eighty-three delegates,
and that there were six protests, for the
consideration of which the committee
asked for further time. The report was
accepted.
President Mcßride announced the com*
mittees, after which he read his annual
report. In opening he said: "Meeting
as you do in this great city of New York,
the metropolis of America, the center of
wealth, pauperism and crime, where de
pendence on the part of labor almost
eliminates that spirit of independence
needed to assure good citizenship, where
political jugglery with the people's inter
ests on one hand and reform movements
that do not reform on the other, eclipse
the labor movement and render it difficult
for organized effort to progress as it should,
you will be permitted to cast your eyes to
Bedioes Island and feast them upon the
statue of Liberty Enlightening the World,
and to take a glance at that noted thor
oughfare called Wall street, where men
learn to prey upon their fellow-men, where
a few men concoct schemes which, when
put into operation, enable them to demand
and collect tribute from the people of all
sections of our country, and to our shame
be it said, frequently defy the Government
by threatening to throttle it financially— a
threat that, because of our peculiar system
of finances, they are able to exact success
fully.
"The duty assigned to you by your con»
stituents should be done fearlessly, but
with a proper regard for the rights of all
men. The task which you have before
you is not a light one, but prompted by
the aims and purposes of our grand organ*
ization to alleviate labor's ills, ameliorate
its conditions and improve its environ
ments, the work to be done should be a
work of love."
On the vexed question of political action
which has attracted so much attention of
the public and in which nearly every dele*
gate has been instructed by his respective
organization the president spoke at length,
adopting in a measure the views of both,
the conservative and socialistic factions.
This is what he said:
"Have we a political programme? This
is a disputed question. The Denver con*
ventiori by separate and distinct votes
adopted twelve declarations of political
belief, but a motion to adopt as a whole
was defeated, and in consequence of this it
is held by some that the previous declara.

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