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Novelties IN THE Realms OF SCIENCE LITERATURE AND ART. NA.VIG ABLE balloons operated by electrical motors are a success iand in the time of emergency would become vastly more so, says a writer in the Fittsnurg Dispatch. As far back as ISB4 two French army officers showed what could be done in this respect, steering a big balloon around freely and making five and a half miles in twenty-three minutes. Such bal loons as this could be admirably operated and could drop explosives or suffocating icais at will upon any ship. Recent trials in Austria have shown that it is well nigh if not altogether Impossible to train guns up into the air and hit a balloon, even if it be "stationary." Balloons steered around by electric motor can go out boldly to sea and a* freely regain the Bhore. Half a dozen of them would be worth untold millions, but the very finest could be had for $100,000 apiece, fully ped. Trolley fort? are a feature worthy of con sideration to coast defense. It is not new TIIF. TROLLEY FORT IN OPERATION. to ironclad a locomotive and car, and run i them over a track, but it would be new to adapt the liirht a;:d simple trolk-y to a sys tem of movable patrol forts, each covering ' miles of coast, and each equipped with as heavy a gun as could be mounted on a big trirk of broad gauge. Dynamite shells can from such a trolley fort at any point along twenty miles of i the v i- j 1.-eing located midway. Ail the machinery for tiring dirigible tor- . es could also be handled comfortably on such a trolley fort. The recoil even of rtillery is easily provided for. If the road were shorter very weighty pieces of on I . nance could be rucvi-d tbus up and li-'wn a mile or two of earthworks or ma- Bonry. KUHBKB OF WORDS IX USE. Those in General Use Are Few, but Some Men Command Many Thousands. It is generally recognized that the num ber of words which we commonly use in our daily lives is comparatively small, per haps not more than 2000 or 3000 words, but instances of individuals who are ac quainted with and can use larger vocabu laries are not unusual. Some stenographers have declared that they have memorized and have instant use of as many as 5000 or word signs, while others in special work or research have acquired larger vo cabularies. Dr. Eugene Murray-Aaron, in his enter taining "Butterfly Hunters," has brought together an interesting collection of facts in this regard. The volume is not one that takes particular note of language, but ia one of adventure in the Antilles. The doctor, who has charge of a party of boy naturalists, gives to them much infor mation on a very wide range of topics, in formation which will, much of it, be new to the old as well as young. "It has been estimated," says the doc tor, in instructing the boys, "that Victor Hugo remembered and used accurately over 8000 worda in his ordinary work as a writer; Cnvier, the French naturalist, and Louis A.gassiz, the Swiss zoologist, could promptly give the names, according to careful estimates, of over 5000 animals, in addition to the ordinary words they knew perfectly. It has been said of Dr. Asa (iray, the great botanist of Harvard, that be knew quite 8000 plants by name and at Bight. "But by far the most remarkably trained memory with which I have had acquaint ance was that of Dr. Joseph Lefuy, for many years, and until hi.s death, president of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Pniladelphia. Dr. Leidy was not only a foremost geologist and mammalogist, having hundreds upon hundreds of the terms of these sciences upon his tongue's end, but he was a very good student of birds, reptiles, fishe3, insects and lesser thing?, and remarkably ready in rernem berintr where their different species be longed in tb? great order of nature. "Besides this he was an authority on miscroscopic life, especially minute para sites, was a fair botanist, one of the lead ing physicians and anatomists of his time, and a perfect encyclopedia of geography and exploration. Add to this a" good memory for names and faces, and a fa miliarity with several forei: n languaees, and you get some idea cf this man's pow ers in that respect. After a long con versation with him one day on this sub ject. I estimated that his memory enabled him to use 25,000 words at will." Dr. Murray-Aaron gives the details of this esiiruate, which allows for English, geolopital and general science, 3000 words each; three foreign languages and geo graphical, U'ooo each; and technical and n-edical, 5000 each. This estimate does not peern to be an extravagant one.— Pittsburg Dispatch. Decorating a Room, To make a room appear higher the plane surface of the ceiling should be decreased by the moldings of the cornice, by panels, or, in the absence of these, by bands ol color performing the .*arae office. A verti cal system of lines should l>e adopted in mural decoration, and the mantel hhould be lover. To make a room appear lower exactly the opposite treatment should be adopted ; that :s, to increase the plane ceiling, adopt a horizontal system of mural decoration, with v da io ai)d a bigb uiantd. To make a room appear wider is accom plished, to a certain extent, by making it apt ear lower; but wbere tins is undesir able, or wbere it is insufficient, the effect can be reached by adopting a mural dec oration on a graduated ±ci\e of form, de creasing upward, so that two or mere pat terns at tte top like those at the foot are found to occupy the same space as one at the foot, and this effect can be much in creased by a gradation of color upward from dark to lieht. To make a room ap pear narrower is accomplished, to a certain extent, by making it appear higher, but where this is undesirable or insufficient, it can be obtained by adopting a strongly drawn large pattern in strong color for mural decoration. To m:ike a room appear longer is to an extent accomplished by making it appear lower and narrower, but where this is un desirable or inefficient the effect may be obtained by decreasing the scale and strength of color of the mural decoration adopted at the ends. To make a room appear shorter is ac complished to an extent by making it ap pear wider and higher, but the effect can be achieved by increasing the scale and strength of color of the mural decoration adopted at the en-is. Any of those effects can be modified or increased by the treatment of the floor sur face, whether by the carpets, the rugs or painted boards, or by parquetrie floorine ; lines running across a room, or rugS laid down at intervals, having the effect of shortening, and consequently to an extent of heightening and widening a room. Lines running in the length increase this dimension, and to an extent reduce the height and width. A polished floor in ■s tne apparent height of an apart ment by reflecting all vertical lines and prolonging them. — English Mechanic. GET A FREE RIDK. A Car In Denver Especially for the Use of Horses. Here is a street-car for the accommoda tion horses which is the very latest thing in the West. Such a car is now in opera tion in Denver, and it is pronounced a great success by all able to give an opinion on the subject. The iiorses themselves are durub, but if their judgment could be had it would no doubt be favorable. The riding car for the horses consists of a platform mounted on small wheels, pro tected at the sides by a sufficiently high railing, while the front and rear are pro vided with gates. These permit the horses to get on and off the car without backing. "When the regular passenger car has been drawn to the top of the long ascent, the horse car is hooked to the forward end, the horses, are driven aboard, and by a few deft turns of the brake the descent is made safely. At first the horses showed some hesita tion about embarking on what appeared to be a perilous adventure. But they soon became accustomed to it, and an? said to even enjoy the experience, expressing their pleasure by broad smiles and prolonged whinnies. • There is no reason why this plan should not be adopted with protit elsewhere. There are many car lines which run for almost their entire length on more or less steep inclines. The additional force re quired to be exerted in drawing a car up hill is turned into a propelling force when the car begins the descent. This force might well be employed in giving the horses a ride, and thus saving wear and tear on their feet. It might be supposed that the addi- j tional pull imparted to this human pas senger-car, when on the down grade, might | cause the brake to but this is not the j case. It is only necessary to make the brake a little more powerful than that on the ordinary streetcar. Having arrive; at the foot of the incline, the gate of the horse passenger-car is un fastened and the animals once more taKe their places in the traces, drawing both i cars behind them up the hill. The entire | load is not much heavier than a single car | on a level street, as the car in which the horses ride is very light. Story of a Bell. The old bell of St. John's Episcopal TUE CARIIOUSES 1 OWN CAR. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, JANUARY 19, 1896, Church, Ellicottville, N. V., has an inter esting history. It hung originally in a monastery in Malaga, Spain. The monast ery was sacked in 1832, and this bell, with others, was shipped to New York. Nicholas Devereaux, agent of the Holland Land Company at Ellicottville, bought it and sold it to iSt. Jonn's Episcopal Church. The inscription on it is as follows: "Abe soi labos del angel qve en alto svena Maria Gracip plena Bargas Mefeci Malaga, 1708." The meanins of tnis was a mystery for a long time, until Bishop Coxe studied it, and saia it was in corrupt Spanish, in which b was often used for v, and which changed many other j letters. "Thus," he said, "abe" should be "aye" and "Jabos" should be "la vos." The inscription put in pure Spanish fol lows: "Aye (soi la voz del angel qve en alto svena) Maria, plena gracia." The English translation he made thus: "Hail (lam the voice of the angel who on high stands forth) Mary ! full of grace!" The last words, of course, mean Bargas made me, Malaga, 1708." — New York Tribune. Victor and Vanquished. I. Through the crowded streets returning, at the end of the day, Hastened one whom all saluted as he sped along his way; In his eye a gieam of triumph, in his heart a joy sincere, And the voice of shouting thousands still resound ing in his ear. Passed he 'neath a stately archway toward the goal of his desire. Till he saw a woman's figure lolling idly by the lire, "I have won!" he cried, exultant; "I have saved a cause irom wreck, ■. - Crushed the rival that 1 dreaded, set my foot upon his neck! Now at las the way is open, now at last men call rue great, 1 am leader of the leaders, I am master in the State!" Languidly she turned to listen, and decorous was her pretense, And her cold patrician features mirrored forth In difference : •■Men are always scheming, striving for some petty end," said she: Then, a little yawn suppressing, "What Is all of this to me?" 11. Through the shadows of the evening, as they quenched the sunset glow, Came the other, faring homeward, with dejected step and slow, Wistful, pec-ring through the darkness, till he saw, a.- oft before, Where a woman stood impatient at the threshold of the door. "I have lost!'! he faltered faintly. "All is over," with a groan; Then he paused and gazed expectant at the face beside hisown. Two soft eyes were turned upon him with a woman's tenderness. Two white arms were flung about him with a pas sionate caress. i And a voice of thrilling music to his mutely ut tered plea Said "If only you are with me what is all the rest to me?" 111. ' All night long the people's leader sat In silence and alone, Dull of eye, with brain unthinking, for his heart was turned to stone; While the hours passed all unheeded till the hush of night had < eased And the hazard light returning flecked the melan choly east. tout the other, the defeated, laughed a laugh of merriment. And he thrust bis cares behind him with an infinite content: Reckin? not of place and power and the smiles of those above, For his uarknisj was illumined by the radiance of love. Each 'had grasped the gift of fortune, each had counted up the cost, And the vanquished was the victor, and the winner he that lost. llenky Thdrstos Peck In the Bookman. NEW SYSTK3I OF COUNTING. Numerals Represented by a Series of Motions "With the Arms. Here is something new in the way of a deaf-and-dumb mode of represent figures THE QLEER NEW SYSTEM OF COUNTING. and numbers, says the New York World. It is a new system of numeration resem bling in no respect the Arabic or the Roman, being less simple than the first and more simple than the second. The children in the French calisthenic schools have become so proficient in it that they can strike an attitude that will represent any familiar date in French history or in any other History, as far as that goes. >>"o. 1 is formed by extending the left arm in a straight line from the shoulder so as to form a right angle with the body. ; No. 2 is made by dropping the left arm half way between its former position and the i hips, so as to form an acute angle with the J body. No. 3is made by raising the arm j the same distance above the shoulder as it has just been below the shoulder, thus forming an obtuse angle. These are the three fundamental rules, and all the fig ures that follow are variations of these. The series four, five and six are created | by analogous movements of the forearm v ilk V pper arm neld horizontally. In iso. 4 the forearm makes a right angle with the upper arm, in No. 5 an acute angle, in JNo. ban obtuse angle. Then lowering the upper arm, so that it will make an acute angle with the body, and, repeating the movements of the forearm, executes the series of 7, 8 and 9. Having thus regulated the units the tens are next provided for, and the very simple method of determining these is" by the movement of the right arm exactly"simi lar to that which we have just seen in the lelt. *or the hundreds the same move | rnent is gone through with the left leg and for the thousands with the right leg. ■i W r the application of these indi vidual figures to make up a complete num bs r, say 1895 for example. It must be understood that these numbers are sep arated into units, tens, hundreds and thousands, and we make them represent a thousand and eight hundred, not 1800. inus one thousand is indicated by the right leg being elevated to a right angle with the body; eight hundred by the left leg being raised to an acute angle with the body and the knee bent so that the foot hangs down perpendicularly on a line with it; and ninety by the right'arm held at an acute angle with the body and the forearm at an obtuse angle with the upper arm. W hat the practical utility ol this method is supposed to be is not disclosed, but as it affords the children in the French schools considerable amusement and at the same time impresses the numerals upon their mind, it has doubtless been found useful in their training. Several efforts have been made to formulate an alphabet in somewhat the same way, but that has been found thus far too difficult, because of the large number of characters to be repre sented. An Ice Bicycle. A bicycle has been invented for travel ine on ice or snow, says a New Yore paper. The long runner or skate, which replaces the front wheel of the bicycle, in itself is made for ice alone, but when the machine is used on snow-clad roads a metal shoe is The Ice Bicycle. fitted over the skate, and it is claimed that the machine will carry a rider over the ground, or rather enow or ice, at a greatei speed than the regulation wheel. Miss Davidson, who is young and en thusiastic, mounted the ice wheel at a rink last evening with but little difficulty, and, after a few "wobbles," started off around the rink gracefully. The half dozen spec tators were astonished at the perfect work ing of the machine. After two or three The Latest Thing in Bicycle Lamps. turns about the rink Miss Davidson did a few fancy moves and then dismounted. i GROWTH OF BRITISH POLICY. The Modern Carthage Was Founded by William 111. The unparalleled settlement accom plished or at least organized by William 111, which dealt so successfully with ques tions so fundamental, which at the same time settled the succession of the crown, waged war victoriously against France and Spain and established the state of Great Britain by the union of England and Scotland, had created, as we have seen, a commonwealth predominantly commer cial. The Britißh policy which, in spite of some Hanoverian excursions, had ceased to be dynastic, and had established itself upon the national interests, recognized those interests in trade. The eighte -nth century was to show that in the notion of trade was involved the empire of the seas and a vast colonial dominion. But this was not, as yt;t, distinctly comprehended. Daring the early part bf the eighteenth century, that is in the rei~nofAnne.it was only visible that the Britannic state showed* a military and diplomatic skill which was wholly new, and interfered in Continental affairs with more decision than had been its wont under either the Tudors or the Stuarts. When the period of war was over the house of Brunswick speedily succeeded to an insular kingdom, possessing far more consolidation at home than it had ever known before. When, after a few years, France recovered under the guidance of Fleury from the serious blows she had re ceived, and it seemed that the age of Louis XIV was to be followed, as it had been pre ceded, by the age of a great cardinal, the total result of the remarkable transition which ■ England had undergone became measurable, and the Europe of the eighteenth century displayed its chief in ternational features. Looking about Dim, Frederick the Great expressed the conviction that all the states of Europe were drawn in the train either of England or of France, and that the standing hostility between those two states ruled everything. This grand riv alry between Englishmen ami Frenchmen reminded Frederick of the Punic wars. The French, restored to their old influence by Fleury, struck him as the modern Romans. Great Britain, he admits, cher ishes no designs of Continental conquests; she desires only to push her trade. k She is, he sees, the modern Carthage: but to his mind it is a great evil that all the states of Europe alike are forced to take part in the grand rivalry which em braces the globe. Frederick was thus the very first to form the conception which in the first years of the nineteenth century possessed the mind of Napoleon and led to a Punic war indeed, which had its Hanni bal, and had also its battle of Zama. The international situation which led to this result was already visible before the middle of the eighteenth century, and had begun to exist earlier still. It is the con sequence of that transition which is con sidered in these volumes, and the outcome of which was the establishment of a com mercial state, including the whole Britan nic world. The modern Carthage was founded when the revolution of 1688, fol lowed by the Hanoverian succession, had established a secure Government with a na tional and no longer a dynastic policy; and when this had acquired Britain, instead of England, for its territorial basis, and was able also to draw in its train Ireland, not, indeed, united or satisfied, but pacified and withdrawn from the influences of re action. When, as time passed on. this great Britannic state defeated in the field the combined powers of France and Spain and began to be acknowledged as the leading maritime power, while, at the same time, with omnivorous energy, it devoted itself to trade, a state appeared which resembled the ancient Carthage as much as the great states of the modern world can resemble the small states of an tiquity. — Review of Professor Seeley's "Growth of British Policy" in New York Sun. ORIGINALITY ON THE BENCH. How a Nebraska Judge Dispenses Justice. No more unique figure is to be found in the American judiciary than Judge Gashn of Nebraska, and many are the stories told of this interesting personality. When first elected to the office he was long on sense of justice and a determination to bring about a more orderly condition of affairs in his district, but somewhat short on his knowledge of law. The latter he remedied in later years by persistent study, but the former characteristic he still retains. His methods of administering justice were decidedly peculiar and original, but seldom led him amiss. Criminals brought before him were tried and bundled off to the penitentiary with such celerity and given such severe sentences that he made short work of the lawless element. Succeeding these came the shark who sought to rob the honest settler by the forms of law, and the Judge soon became recognized by this class as no less an enemy than he had proved himself to be to the criminal element. Concerning his methods of dealing with them the follow ing story is told: A 4-per-cent-a-month money-lender had, through the instrumentality of a small loan, secured about everything a home steader possessed except his farm, but with all the payments the loan refused to prow less. Finally action was brought in court to enforce payment of the alleged balance by means of a judgment against the man's farm. A jury had been secured which understood -its business, and in spite of the instrvictions of Judge Gaslin, which favored the defendant, brought in a verdict for tbe plaintiff. The Judge looked surprised, but was equal to the emergency. ''Mr. Clerk," he said, "that verdict is set aside. It takes thirteen men to steal a man's farm in this court." On another occasion a man who had drifted over into Nebraska from Colorado, who was not familiar with the manner of administering justice on the Nebraska side of the border, appropriated a horse which he found hitched to a post in front of a country store. The horse happened to be the property of Judge Gaslin. The thief was captured and later bound over to await trial in the District Court. A few days after Judge Gaslin met a fellow Judge from another district and requested him as a favor to come into his district on a day specified and sentence a horsethief, as Gaslin said he felt a little delicacy in sentencing a man for stealing his own horse. The fellow-jurist assented and incident ally inquired when the offender was con victed. "Oh, he isn't convicted yet," replied Gaslin, "but I'll 'tend to that part of it," and he did. — St. Louis Globe-Democrat. A QtTAIXT NEW ENGLAND TOWN. Where the Individualism of Early Days Is Experienced. The very name "Salem" is an index of its character, as well in sound as in signifi cation. How differently does its measured cadence strike the ear, with how much more of dignity, comfort, tranquillity than that of its brisk neighbor, Lynn, whose sharp monosyllable causes one an inadver tent shock as the brakeman announces these two contrasted sister cities to the traveler upon the Eastern Kailroau. The story is told of Phillips Brooks (with more authenticity than belongs to most of the stories attached to him) that coming into Salem from Boston one evening he re marked to a friend: "What do you sup pose I saw coming up your quietstreet? — a little dog going over to Lynn to bark." The adjective which is oftenest used of Salem is "conservative." It is well ap plied. Her very appearance is expressive, not of decay, but of conservatism. Her old buildings and dwellings are not left to disuse and ruin. Far from it. They are tenanted with as much complacency and pride (and at as high rentals) as if there were no finer upon the continent — and, indeed, there are not, if you accept the criterion of those who say that the best house is one that has been the longest lived in. In truth, many of the old houses are BREASTPLATE OF AMENEMHAT 111. (TWO-THIRDS ACTUAL SIZE.) ABOUT FORTY^FIVE ULNDUED YEARS OLD. possessed of great charm and beauty. Old and exquisite carvings, generous fire places (too often walled in), wide hall ways, handsome staircases, old-fashioned plate and china, antique furniture and bric-a-brac, brought home from distant lands, combine to lend many of these old residences a rare attractiveness. In others are to be found tokens of age of a different kind, such as low ceilings, narrow stair ways, uneven floors, diminutive window panes and other tokens of the inefficiency of bygone days. One virtue they all pos sess, the beautiful and the ugly alike, and that is individuality. Nowhere, certainly, can there be found clear er expression of the individualism of early New England than in the diversities in appearance and construction of the dwellings of this old Puritan city. Fronts of a thousand different designs; ells and lean-tos of the most peculiar pat terns; roofs of all descriptions, hip-roofs, curb-roofs, gable-roofs, shed-roofs; win dows of all sizes and shapes; doorways of diverse types, many of them quite artistic; chimneys that often look as if they were the original structures and the houses built round them, and interiors of equal diversity , amuse as well as interest those who have not been accustomed to these old dwellings from their youth up. There is a deal of picturesqueness about them as well as a deal of distortion and homeliness, much as it was doubtless with the humanity which built them.— Boston Transcript. ;the oldest jewelry. Specimens Made Before the Days of Abraham. It is to J. de Morgan, the antiquarian explorer and historian of the Caucasus, and now director of the important excava tions at Dashour, near Memphis, in Egypt, that we owe the discovery of what must at present be accounted the oldest specimens of the jeweler's art known to exist. Until his first find of last year the most ancient Wees of jewelry known were j those discovered by M. Mariette, that had once belonged to Queen Aahotep, mother of the King Amosis of the eighteenth dy- j nasty, who lived about 1700 B. C. *■ Mr. de Morgan has brought to light, 1 AN ENGINE ON THE TOY RAILROAD. among other things, so many specimens of jewelry that we may now be said to possess a complete knowledge of the art as it was before the time of Abraham, which, according to the most received chronology, was about 2300 years before Christ, while the dates to be assigned to these finds range from tne reign of Amenemhat 11, who began to rule 2714 B. C, to that of Amenemhat ill. who died B. C. 2578. The period v.as for Egypt one of expan sion and conquest. The unruly tribes of the Soudan and of Sinai were brought into subjection, and were compelled to pay a tribute of gold and gems. Much later we learn from inscriptions that even Assyria was obligea to forward to Egypt quantities of lapis-lazuli and other stones. In the Dashour jewels lapis-lazuli, tur quoise, carnelian and the Egyptian emerald are most frequently used, and ail except the latter came most likely from countries beyond the borders of Egypt. They were used for engraved beads, which were strung into necklaces, bracelets and netted breastplates of the richest effect; but were besides set in solid gold, wrought into cloisonne-like com partments to receive the stones, which were cut to the shapes demanded by the design. One of the most beautiful of these iowels of gold and inlaid stones is the breastplate bearing the cartouche of Ousir tasen 11. The royal cartouche, with the beetle (signifying immortality) and other signs, is supported by two crowned hawks, banded with turquoise and carnelian. The sacred asp is coiled over the back of each hawk, bearing on its neck the "tau," another emblem of immortality. The whole is inclosed in a frame of an architectural character. In addition to this breastplate and that of Amenembat 111 were found the jeweled clasps of Queen Noub-Hotep's necklace, in the form of hawk's heads of solid gold, a hawk with wings spread, and a clasp made of two jeweled lotus buds of exquisite workman ship. The inscription on the breastplate reads: "Amenemhat 111, the good god, the master of the world and of the two countries (Upper and Lower Egypt), subduer of the nations and slaughtereitof the Mentis and Satis." These two specially mentioned tribes were inhabitants of Sinai and Arabia. The de sign represents the King crushing with his club these bitterest enemies of Egypt, while the sacred hawk hovers over and protects him. This is the oldest page of history written in gold and gems. The minutest details of the figures are engraved /with the utmost skill in the gems which compose the ornament.— Art Amateur. Trains Delayed by the Wind. Trainmen say it is not the "head-on" winds that delay the cars, as the engine presents a small portion of itself to it, and, breaking through, the train can be ea?ilv pulled along after it. But when the wind strikes the train at an angle of 45 deg. the trouble begins. The wind uses the whole side surface as a leverage and gives the engineer lots of trouble. The cars sway over to one side and are dragged along with difficulty. The engineers estimate that in going 100 miles an extra ton of coal is used in a strong wind at an angle, and even then it is impossible to keep on schedule time. The wind most disastrous to travel on the Consolidated road is that from the northeast. It strikes the trains cornerwise and makes the engines strugele and strain to counteract its force. This is felt especially in crossing the Connecticut River, where the wind has a full sweep, and all the New York trains are a few minutes late when the southeasters are in force.— Springtield Republican. People You Have Heard Of. The young man who cast his eye on a young lady coming out of churc h has had it replaced, and now sees as well as ever. The man who could not trust his feel ings is supposed to do business on a cash principle. The lady who went off in hysterics came back on the L road. The gentleman who went too far in an argument was brought home on a stretcher. The man who wrestled with adversity wore out the knees of his trousers and got worsted. The man who jumped on the spur of the moment was soon glad to sit down again. The girl who burst into tears has been put together. The young man who flew into a passion has Dad his wings clipped. The young man who was taken by sur prise has returned. The man who painted the signs of the times is now out of a job. It is rumored that distance lent enchant ment to the view and now the view refuses to return it. The man who was moved to tears com* plains of the dampness of the premises and wishe3 to be moved back again. — Life. A Toy Railroad. There is in China one of the smallest railroads in the world. The gauge is less than two feet, the cylinders are sxlo inches, the drivers 24 inches in diameter and the water-tank Holds 90 gallons. If this was the standard-sized engine in this country hardware stores would keep them, same as they do sausage-cutters. Railroad rnanacers would order k them by the gross, and locomotive engineers would be thicker than flies in a dog-kennel. — Locomotive Engineer. Aluminum Coffins. Coffini are now made of aluminum. Like the modern square burial casket, the aluminum coffin is made of uniform width, with square ends and vertical side» and ends. It is finished with a heavy molding around the bottom and at the upper edge, and with pilasters at the cor ners, ana has a rounded molded top. It is provided with extension bar handles. The aluminum casket is not covered, but finished with the metal burnished. It is lined in the usual manner. The weight of a six-foot aluminum coftin is 100 pounds. A six-foot oak casket weighs about 100 pounds, and a cloth casket of the same size with a metal lining about 175 pounds. Other metallic caskets weigh from 450 to 500 pounds. The cost of aluminum coffins | is from $750 to $1000. NEW TO-DAY. A TOBACCO HEART. Thousands of Americans Can't Get Life Insurance Because Tobacco Has Destroyed the Heart Action and Wrecked the Nervous Sys- tem. Engineer Bates Discovers a Never-Failing and Easy Remedy. Delanson, N. V., Jan. 18.— Engineer O. H. Bates stepped off Engine No. 275 to- day, with a long oiler in one hand and a bunch of waste in the other. Not a by- stander there could help remarking big youthful, healthy look and active, vigor- | ous movement, and contrasting his ap- pearance with his condition of two months ago. "Say, Colonel, how well you look!" "Yes, I am well; better than I have been for years." "What have you been doing?" "Oh, not much; No-to-bac cured me of the tobacco habit, after using it 43 years and braced me mentally and physically) in fact, made me a new man in more ways than one. I had no appetite; couldn't sleep; now I sleep like a baby and eat three times a day with a relish, for the first time in years. My heart action is regular and no longer a bar to increased life insurance. You know throttle-pulling requires a pretty steady nerve, and my nerves are O. K. now. One box and a quarter of No-To-Bac cured me completely in ten days, after using tobacco forty years. No-To-Bac is sold by all druggists. I see the No-To-Bac stander on nearly every druggist's counter, and made by the Ster- ling Remedy Co. of New York and Chi- cago. You ought to get one of their little books called 'Don't Tobacco Spit and Smoke Your Life Away,' and post your- self. They send them free to any one that writes. It cost me $1 to get cured, and I spent three or four dollars a week for to- bacco. If I had failed to get cured I would have gotten my money hack, as the makers guarantee three boxes to cure any case. I have recommended the use of No- To-Bac to many of the boys on the line and every one of them who got the genuine article, so far as I know, has been cured Look out, don't let some of the imitations be palmed off on you for No-To-Bac." The cab bell rang, the engineer ciimbed up quickly on the footboard, stuck his head out of the cab window, pulled the throttle half an inch and the big train rolled away.