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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 24, 1896, Image 1

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VOLUME LXXIX.— 55.
AN ALLIANCE
WITH TURKEY.
Said to Be Offensive and
Defensive on the Part
of Russia.
BASIS OF THE TREATY.
Amounts to a Reduction of the
Ottoman Empire to a
Vassal State.
.RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED.
Meanwhile the Porte Declines to Ad
mit Aid for Armenians Sent
From This Country.
LONDON. E>:g., Jan. 23.— A dispatch
from Constantinople to the Pall Mall
Gazette says:
An offensive and defensive alliance has
been concluded between Russia and Tur
key. The basis of the treaty is on the
Unkiar-Skelessi agreement. The treaty
has been signed here and ratification has
been exchanged at St. Petersburg between
Aarej Pasha and the Czar.
M. Caiabon, French Embassador to
Turkey, had an audience with the Sultan
on January 21, which lasted two hours.
This tends to show that France is in all
probability a member of the new alliance.
The Gazette's correspondent is believed
to be inside of the British embassy. The
nkiar-Skelessi agreement dates back to
1533 and amounts to a reduction of Turkey
to the position of a vassal state. The
treaty bound the Russian and Turkish
Governments to mutually assist one an
other to resist foreign aggression and to
help each other in case of international
dangers. Turkey was at the time of the
conclusion of the agreement in a state of
collapse.
Russia waives the matter of assistance
promised by Turkey and receives instead
permission in the event of Russia's being
at war to close the Dardanelles to warship*,
of all nations. The Western powers refused
to recognize the treaty, which was soon
tacitly abandoned. The Pall Mall Gazette
guarantees the reliability of the sources of
information of its representative at Con
stantinople. '"/.-ijTfi
The Standard publishes a dispatch from
Constantinople under the date of January
22, which says that the Turkish Ministers
assembled at a meeting Tuesday evening,
the alleged occasion of which was the re
ceipt by the Porte of a telegram from
Shakir Pasha, the imperial Commissioner
appointed to carry out the reforms in
Armenia, reporting tbat the Armenians
are reduced to the last extremity and are
being decimated by hunger and cold and
are committing revolutionary acts out of
cheer despair.
It is reported that the Sultan's favorite
izzet has been directed to formulate a re
ply to the letter written to the Sultan by
Queen Victoria.
The Porte has given out the information
that two Armenians, believed . to be mem
bers of the Armenian revolutionary com
mittee, have murdered the Armenian
Bishop of Boghes.
The correspondent of The United Press
at Constantinople under date of January
22 writes as follows: 'Ay'pA
The United Press is given to understand
that United States Minister Terrell has
not received the assent of the Porte to his
pressing demands for the admission of. the
American Red Cross Society into Asia
Minor for the purpose of distributing re
lief to the ■ suffering' Armenians. The
European : embassies in i Constantinople
have not recommended the work, of the
Red Cross Society and the British em
bassy finding that Russia objected to the
society undertaking the work of relief
withdrew* its encouragement, in order to
preserve the entente of the powers, it was
alleged. > -"*": ; *77
A telegram received here to-day from
Aintab says that the foreign Consuls, who
were delegated to' mediate between the
Turks who are besieging Zeitoun and the
Armenians who are holding the town, have
arrived at Aintab. Some of them had all
their baggage stolen en route.
A letter received here from Marash says
that the Turks have been severely beaten
and repulsed. Near the Hot Springs the
commanding officer of the Turkish soldiers
placed the regular men in the front ranks
and ; the . reserves, next. As they were
marching against the Armenians a terrific
explosion - occurred and many of the
soldiers were blown to atoms. It is
probable that dynamite was used. The
Turks say that flames suddenly burst from
the earth.
Other accounts confirm the surmise that
dynamite was used against the Turks.
They were caught in a defile, and a large
number of them were killed. The Turks
afterward succeeded .in capturing the
barracks and cut off the water supply from
the Armenians. Tp..y; -. _**\ Ay./ A
BELIEF FOB ARMENIANS.
The National Committee to Act Through
Secret Agencies.
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 23. — The
National Armenian Relief Committee has
issued an announcement stating that the
•work of raising funds ana of organizing
relief committees throughout the United
States will be pushed with redoubled
efforts and all haste. In case , the Red
Cross should be prevented from entering
upon the work the committee is able to
give assurance that all the funds at its
disposal will reach the sufferers through
other responsible agencies.
Individuals and . local committees inter
ested are urged to communicate at once
with the National Armenian Relief Com
mittee, New York, in order that informa
tion may be given them as to 7 the best
methods of organizing and raising funds,
the condition of the sufferers, and so forth.
The Mayors of cities and clergymen and
others are asked to take immediate steps
to form local relief committees on a strong
representative and permanent basis. Such
committees have already been formed and
The San Francisco Call.
are actively at work in New York, Balti
more, Washington, Chicago, Detroit, New
Haven and many other places.
Jrov.MiATiosr ji-ox the STOBJf.
Seasons for the Belief That a Treaty
Has Been Arranged.
LONDON, Eng.. Jan. 23.— Dispatches re
ceived here show that ignorance is de
clared in official quarters in Paris, Berlin
and Vienna of an offensive and defensive
alliance having been entered upon by Rus
sia and Turkey. In some quarters the re
port is characterized as ridiculous.
' Nevertheless, it is widely admitted that
the recent known exchange of communi
cations between Russia and Turkey justify
the expectation of some agreement be
tween the two powers. A dispatch from
Paris which the Standard will publish to
morrow says that inquiries made in that
city failed to prove knowledge in official
circles of the existence of such an alliance
but brought forth a denial that it was pos
sible for a treaty to be concluded on the
lines of the Unkiar-Skelessi agreement, as
that would imply an inevitable war.
■ The Berlin correspondent of the Daily
News says he linds such an alliance is re
garded as not improbable, which is con
firmed by the Post's Berlin representative.
The Vienna correspondent of the Daily
Telegraph says that the rumor is in no wise
new, it having been in circulation for some
time in Vienna in various forms. This
correspondent adds that inquiries have
resulted in the expression of a con
sensus of opinion that no such
treaty has been concluded, but he further
says that none is needed, as the cordial,
unstipulated agreement between Russia
and Turkey, based upon mutual interests,
is firmer and more complete now than at
any time since the war of 1877.
The Daily Graphic says the report was
received by a London daily paper some
weeks ago from Rome. Inquiries failed to
establish the truth of the dispatch, and it
was therefore suppressed.
IT IS SOT BEAiIEVED.
Xothixnj Known of the Alliance at the
Foreign Office.
LONDON, Esq., Jan. Foreign Office
officials profess to know nothing of the al
leged offensive and defensive alliance
between Russia and Turkey . and attach
no importance to the statements concern
ing it, published in the Pall Mall Gazette.
The Stock -Exchange opened favorably
to-day, but afterward relapsed upon the
strength of the rumors of an offensive and
defensive alliance between Russia and
Turkey. American railroad stocKs opened
strong, but receded and closed quiet.
Mining shares were virtually without
movement. Ay'-i//;; v.- 7 'i;7-'^7
WICHITA HAS A HEALER.
He Lives itj a Mansion and Commands
Secrecy as the Only Reward for.
His Cures.
WICHITA, Kaxs., Jan. 23.— Wichita has
a healer. Fourteen cripples have thrown
away, their crutches and are singing the
praises of .Bartholomew . Cor win, aged 93
years, who has been a residwit of Kansas
since 1858. Like Schlatter, Corwin will
not accept money for his cures, and his
only admonition to "his beneficiaries is
"See that you tell no man of the wonders
that have been performed." H. A. Post, a
well-known letter-carrier, says that his
wife and son were healed by the old man's
touch. Mrs. Threshold of South Waller
street claims that she was cured of a can
cer, and a dozen others, well known here,
were, relieved of various diseases by Barth
olomew. ' Bartholomew is well to do and
lives in a fifle home. .;■ ■ -
Assigned to His Son.
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 23.— William
Foster Jr., engaged in the mining and
manufacturing business, with principal
offices at 14 6 Broadway, made an assign
ment ' to-day to Bell W. Foster, his son.
No preferences are given, although it is
said that more than $400,000 is involved.
It is believed that the assets will be found
to be largely in excess of the liabilities. •
One- Fare Bate for Fighters.
CHICAGO, 111., Jan. Western roads
have agreed to make a one-fare rate for
the round trip to El Paso, Tex., on the oc
casion of the prize-fight carnival, to be
held at Juarez, Mexico, February 12. ;^ "
NO LAW TO TRY THEM
So Dr. Jameson and His Raiders
May Not Be Punished for
the Invasion.
Additional Assurances Regarding Ham
mond's Treatment by the Boer
Government.
LONDON. Eng., Jan. 23.— The Morning
News will to-morrow say that the law
officers of the crown are unable to find an
offense in the English law for which Dr.
Jameson, the leader of the raid into the
Transvaal, can be either civilly or crim
inally tried. The law officers, the 1 paper
adds, have advised the Government to ap
point a commission of Judges similar to
the Parnell commission to inquire into
the whole matter. 7/7
The News further says that the com
mission will probably appoint a sub-com
mission to go to South , Africa to collect
evidence and examine witnesses.
WASHINGTON. D. C, Jan. 23.-Cap
tain W. L. Merry to-day telegraphed Sen
ator Perkins asking him to prevail upon
Secretary Olney to cable President Kruger
of the Transvaal asking whether Tilgh
man is under arrest, and also asking bet
ter treatment for Hammond, whose fam
ily is not permitted to see him.
Senators White and 7 Perkins at once
took the casein hand and sent a joint letter
to Secretary Olney setting forth the tele
grams referred to and , stating that they
had assured the people of California that
no effort of the State Department is
being spared to protect all American citi
zens who ■ are under arrest. If it would
not be proper to cable Kruger, the Cali
fornia Senators " asked that the United
States consular agent at Johannesburg
cable information concerning Tilghriian
and ask for more consideration for Ham
mond.
Senator Perkins to-day received \ a mes
sage from Secretary Olney informing him
that Embassador .-Bayard 7 cabled '7 to-day
that according to his ; present 'information
uniform, humane and indulgent personal
treatment is being extended to all pris
oners, including Americans, by the Boer
Government. '.*-.-; " 7*f '-**"
SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 24, 1896.
■- - • ' • : '■--■■_, ......
'WHEAT IS T7JI=» !
SILVER MEN
AND POPULISTS
Will Hold Their Conven
tions Simultaneously at
"■"": ""* : , St. Louis. \
A VERY BITTER; DEBATE;
It Was Started at the Washing
ton Conference by the Speech
of Mr. Hatch.
DEFEAT OF JOSEPH BLACKBUBN.
Champions of White Metal Do Not
Relish the Situation in the
Blue Grass State.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. ; 23.-The
morning session of the free-silver confer
ence was wholly given over to an acrimo
nious debate between the Populists and
silver men, the committee on reeolutions
being still occupied with framing its re
port and it being deemed impracticable to
transact any business in its absence.
The discussion was provoked by the
declaration of ex-Congressman Hatch of
Missouri, who has come out squarely as a
candidate for the Presidential nomination
on the silver ticket, and who in an impas
sioned speech has blamed the Populists
for the defeat of that sterling silver candi
date Joseph Blackburn of Kentucky.
Ex-Vice Presidential Candidate Field of
the Populist party vigorously combated
Mr.. Hatch's statements this morning, and
caused considerable excitement and bad
feeling by his pointed references to influ
ences exerted • in the j Kentucky campaign
by President Cleveland, Secretary Carlisle
and others. . .7; y : pypp- .
Amid frequent interruptions and much
enthusiasm Mr. Hatch replied in his own
defense and hotly reiterated his criticisms
of the Populists' action in putting a
ticket in the field which had barely drawn
enough votes from the Democrats" to elect
a single gold standard Republican.
Senator Marion Butler of North Caro
lina repudiated the alleged facts set forth
by Mr. Hatch. He had been present in
Kentucky before the campaign and de
clared that his party had not decided to
enter the contest until after the Demo
crats had up a straddling platform indors
ing a bond-issuing administration, and
until Hardin had interpreted the plat
form directly in opposition to its proper
intent as recognizing metallic parity.
The committee, on organization subse
quently reported on holding a convention
at St. Louis July 227 7 The appointment of
delegates based upon 7 the silver strength
as ascertained from the American Bimetal
lic Union was determined upon as follows:
Alabama 40, Arkansas' '■; 15, Colorado 83,
Delaware 3, Georgia. 50, Illinois 50, lowa
21, Minnesota 45, Missouri 38, Nebraska 51,
New Hampshire (i. New York 44, North
Dakota' 12, Oregon 17, Rhode Island 8,
Tennessee 24, Vermont 8, Washington 17,
Wisconsin ' 25, New Mexico 8, District of
Columbia 4, Arizona 6, California 39, Con
necticut 19,'. Florida 3,; Idaho 10, Indiana
30, Kansas 60, ' Louisiana 15, ; Maryland 9,'
Michigan 34, Mississippi 15, Montana 18,
Nevada 40, New Jersey 12, North Carolina
75, Ohio 40, Pennsylvania 15, South Caro
lina 20, Texas 75, ; Virginia 50, West Vir
ginia' 0, Wyoming and Utah 30. .
• The silver convention adjourned sine die
this afternoon. After 7 appointing com
mittees on organization and linauce and .
asaam ...-^....t .:»... .t»-.4__. .____.__*:-
an executive committee an address. to the
country was adopted setting forth the
principles of the party.
The present issue was declared to be be- .
tween the gold standards, gold bonds and
bank currency, on /the 'one; side and the
bimetallic standard, no bonds and Govern
ment currency, on the other. The present
treasury policy is denounced as a blunder
worse than a crime, and an appeal made
to the people "to leave in abeyance, foi the
moment all other questions,, however im
portant and momentous they. appear,
and sunder, if need be, all former party
ties and affiliations aitdMtnite ; in- one su
preme effort to free .themselves and their
children from the domination of the money
power." .•:;;.'. V; / .: ■ .--.'.: //py--
jporurisT coxrEJfiiox.
An Official Call Issued : for the Bally' at
'- 7 st. Bonis. ?■*-.;;• Vi -. ■'■ .
J TERRE HAUTE, Ind.. Jan. 23.-Chair
man Taubeneck ..of,. the Populist National
Committee was here to-day, and, with
Treasurer Rankin; prepared the call for
the National convention at. St. Louis,
which they furnished, as follows: -
The members of; the People's party and all
others who favor its principles are invited to
assemble in their various States and Terri
tories and choose delegates and alternates, un
der the methods and upon the basis of appor^
tionment as hereinafter prescribed, to assem
ble in National convention at St. Louis on July
22, for the purpose of adopting a platform and
nominating a candidate for President
and V-ce-rresident, and • transacting . such
other business as - may properly come
before them. The number of delegates
apportioned to each State .by the
National committee under the basis adopted
is as follows: Alabama '54, Arizona 4, Ar
kansas 20, California 39, Colorado 45, Con
necticut 7, Delaware 3, Florida 8, Georgia 01,
Idaho 7, Illinois ,54, Indiana, 30, lowa 30,
Kansas 82, Kentucky 25, Louisiana 15, Maine
9, Maryland 9. Massachusetts 21, Michigan 29,
Minnesota 53, Mississippi 15, Missouri. 3B,
Montana 11, Nebraska, 51, Nevada 7, New
Hampshire 4, New-J ersey. 12; New York 44,
North Carolina 95, North Dakota 25, Ohio 49
Oregon 17,, Pennsylvania 42, Rhode 'lsland '4;
South Carolina 17, Tennessee 24,. Texas 95,
Vermont 4, Virginia 53, Washington West
Virginia 8, Wisconsin 25, Oklahoma. 7, New
Mexico 4, Wyoming 7, District of Columbia 4,
Utah 5. : "A/y:: * ' •' _ . .
The State committee in ' each State and Ter
ritory is charged with the duty of promul
gating this call in their respective States and
Territories j£ and .determining .the "method; ot
choosing said delegates whether by State con
ventions-at-large or in Congressional districts
or both. The officers of the State and District
conventions are requested to' send names of
delegates as soon as chosen to the chairman of
the National' committee. All credentials 'to
the National convention shall be sighed by
the chairman and the secretary 'of i the con
ventions which selected the delegates. y- *-. ■
j.:ll.j r ,Taubeneck,-, chairman; J. H. Turner,
secretary; Laurence J.'McParlin, secretary; M.
C. Rankin, treasurer. ".'. A.-.. 77. .•• '•'.-*
MONEY TO SUCCEEED GEORGE
The Congressman to.Be Selected Senator
From Mississippi. ....
. JACKSON, Miss., Jan. . 23.—Congress
man , Hernando ue ; Soto Money was to
night nominated by« the Democratic cau
cus as -United jj States „ Senator to succeed
J. Z. George. The contest was : bitter and
prolonged one, extending over two weeks,
Money being several times within a few
votes jof the„ nomination. ! The twentieth
and last ballot resulted: Money 84, *Lo wry
36, Allen 35. Hooker 3, Y*-rger 1. ,_
.- This insures Moneys election, as the
Legislature is Democratic, with, the excep
tion of two Populists. Money is an ardent
advocate of the free coinage of silver at the
ratio of 16 to 1. ;
CHIEF ALEXANDER 'IS ; SHORT.
An Irregularity in the Accounts of the
■'• Osage Indian" Treasurer. '
PERRY, 70. T., Jan. 23.— News from
Pawhuska is that Chief ; Alexander Tall, a
full-blood Osage Indian, Treasurer of that
tribe, is short in his accounts from $3000 to
$4000. ,■; The Osage "Council-- has been called
in session tor investigation and has ap
pointed-William Collins to take charge' of
Chief Tali's books. 7„7 L. r ' • *- -• '
Aground in the Clyde.
GLASGOW, Scotland, Jan. 23. — The
British steamer. Grecian, . Captain Moore,
from New York, January 9, for Glasgow,
ran aground in .the*. Clyde this morning 'at
high tide, in a dense : fog. '*■ Two .tugs have
been sent to her assistance.' ** '.*.
INJUSTICE OF
THE WRIGHT ACT
An Opening Argument in
I the Celebrated .-. /: Case ...
- From California. Iff*
'''• t ' : ' •■;■ ■".-■•._• . :■.■«.*:> ."-',■ .
ATTORNEY BOND BEGINS.
Points Out the Unfair. Provisions
of the Law of Irrigation
- • Districts.
ASSESSMENTS ARE NOT JUST.
Lands Not Benefited Heavily Taxed,
While Property Enriched Es
capes Entirely.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 23—There
were few spectators in the United States
I Supreme jj Court to-day; when arguments
commenced in the Wright irrigation case.
The case came up unexpectedly, as it was
believed it would not be reached until
Friday.- There will be a big crowd in at
tendance to-morrow to hear 'ex-President
Harrison's argument.
Thomas H. Bond of Lakeport, Cal.,
made the 'opening argument to-day. He
explained the case thoroughly! and : then,
in; the course of his argument, declared
that ■ the Wright act combines, the vices
and- iniquities of all the special assess
ments for ..local i improvements that had
ever fallen under his observation. . It ex
empts mortgages, personal property, or
chards, vineyards and growing crops from
taxation. ■■.: V- 7 . . . ■ A-
, The 5 very things which are produced by
irrigation are exempt under its provisions,
while jj brick, stone, a lake tract of swamp
land, or other property, including whole
towns j and cities, which by no possibility
can derive any benefit from the system of
irrigation devised by it, may bo taxed for
all they are; worth to construct works of
irrigation j and "charged perpetually to
maintain and to operate them, and to pay
salaries of officials and defray all other ex
penses for irrigating desert lands.
. The, peculiarities of assessment provided
for under the Wright act, he said, are as
follows: It „is. unlimited, the 7 property
must be assessed as a basis for taxation for
its full cash value. It is noi levied accord
ing benefit, but in an inverse propor
tion to benefit, property very valuable pay
ing a large tax,. though ,it can receive no
benefit, and worthless property 'which
might be benefited paying nothing.
. The assessment is .perpetual. It '- not
only ; may but it must be levied for all
time to come upon .propeity.to pay for the
expenses of , the operation of the works and
the paying of . salaries of officers. Ji It is
levied on houses, railroads, churches and
other structures on lands which are as
sessed 7 according to their value and not
according to benefit. : 7 7 -■■„-., '- ,
The so-called improvements are : not
improvements on ,. or - of . the. property
assessed, which enhances its value. The
dams, ditches and canals, the ? only j works
which a district can construct, are not
improvements '.' on ■-' or ; of *• the 7 property,
which necessarily. enhance the value of tbe
property.': 7\7l' '7/ "• ' ' - '.T 7:'y^7^T r 777T7T
."This," Bond continued, "we say, is to
take property without due process of law,
and is repugnant to the fourteenth amend
ment of ; the Federal constitution. Coun
sel on the other side claim that whether
the land is or is not benefited is a question
of fact which we do not deny, but whether
the land which it is conceded by no possi
bility can be benefited may be taxed for all
it is worth for local improvements, and to
maintain and -operate the works-forever
aiterward, is a question of law and a Federal
question — a question whether it' is not
taking property without due process of
law. ■
"To validate the bonds means to de
clare that the assessment providing for
their payment is legal' and constitutional,
for as long as any question remains un
decided as to the only means provided for
payment of bonds, it cannot be said that
the latter are valid. To validate bonds
means more than to adjudge that they
are genuine and perfect in form, for if
there is no means of paying them they
would be valueless and the object of the
statute would not be attained, for the ob
ject of the statute is to give an assurance
to investors that there will be no litigation
in the future, and that no resistance will
be made to the payment of bonds when
they mature, so that they may sell to
greater advantage than they otherwise
would, and therefore to validate bonds is
to determine that the assessment under
the Wright act, the only means provided
for their payment, is constitutional and
legal. „;-'• 7y, AyPpy
"We insist that the decision of the State
court construing the act which was passed
after the obligation was incurred impairs
the obligation of the people of the district
and is in violation of the constitution of
the United States. By exempting nearly
one-third of the district from taxation it
materially increases the burden of the
remainder. Our contention is that the
people at the bond election incurred an
irrevocable conditional obligation by au
thorizing the board of directors- to con
tract ade bt of $800,000 and pledging all
their land, 108,000 acres, for its payment.
We understand that conditional obligation
is within the inhibition of the constitu
tional provision which denies the right of
a State to impair the obligation of the con
tract. The conditional obligation may
ripen into an absolute one by the affirm
ing of the judgment in this case."
Bond was followed . by A. L. Rhodes for
the bondholders.
Justice Field asked Rhodes many ques
tions in order to arrive at a thorough un
derstanding of the case. Rhodes finishes
his argument to-morrow and will be fol
lowed by General Harrison. George Max
well of San Francisco then argues against
the act. This will probably take up all of
the session.
The court adjourns over until Monday,
when Attorneys Wright, Choate and Dil
lon will deliver their arguments.
KILLED BY THE FAILURE.
Cashier Oscar J. Smith of a Defunct
Bank Expires From Nervous
'Prostration.'
GRAND ISLAND, Nebr., Jan. 23.—
saddest chapter in the recent closing of the
Bank. of Commerce occurred last night
when Oscar J. Smith, the cashier, died as
the result of nervous prostration brought
about by the failure. He has been ill
since the first of the year, but knowing the
critical condition of the bank, remained at
his post until work and worry prostrated
him.. The announcement of the failure
made to him at his home, was followed by
delirium in which he raved, 'constantly
talking to' imaginary customers and trying
to explain the t intricacies lof . the broken
bank's affairs. ;.,
j He was a young man, prominent in this
city and much respected. His parents live
at Delaware, N. J.
In Favor of Keeley.
PONTIAC. 111., Jan. 23.— The jury in
the case of Marshall vs. the Leslie E. kee
ley Company, which has been on trial here
for ten days, brought in a verdict for the
defendant. Marshall claimed $50,000 dam
ages from the Keeley cure institution at
Dwight. III.", for alleged results following
the "gold cure" treatment of his wife for
the morphine habit.
Gaumer Befused to Fay.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, | Jan. 23.— The
United Press account ,of the bribery in
dictment last night it was stated that the
claim: was that Senator Obi had asked and
received from Senator D. H. Gaumer of
Zanesville $250 to vote for a bill in which
Gaumer was interested. The latter part is
incorrect. ' Senator Gaumer refused to
pay it. . -■■: ' "■'■.-■■' .. . ..;.!!:.;;;;•
WOMEN LEADERS MEET
Opening Session of the Convention
of the National Suffrage
Association.
Reports Give Indications of the Prac
tical Success of the Move
ment.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 23.— At the
opening session of the twenty-eighth an
nual convention of the National Woman's
Suffrage Association to-day 100 delegates
were in attendance, including the most
prominent leaders in the movement from
nearly every State in' the Union. Susan B.
Anthony of Rochester, N.Y., in calling
the meeting to order was heartily wel
comed and the . convention . proceeded di
rectly to the routine business of the asso
ciation. -.-;
.The report of Rachael . Foster Avery of
Philadelphia, who has been corresponding
secretary of the organization for the past
fifteen years, gave many indications of the
practical success of the movement and in
stanced : particularly the case of Utah,
which was held to demonstrate the ad
visability securing the; aid of political
parties through planks in their platforms.
■ Mrs. Avery's reference to the woman's
Bible led to a discussion rather livelier
than: is usual in a suffrage convention.
Mrs. Colby, moved the adoption of the re
port, with : the exception of the portion
quoted.
Mrs. Lillie Devereux Blake of New York
earnestly ; championed Mrs. - Stanton's
book, declaring that much of the criticism
of : the woman's Bible arose from the
densest ignorance. '
; When Mrs. , Blake asked every woman
present who had read the book to hold up
her hand; only eight 'hands appear ea/and
Mrs. Blake declared, in a caustic manner:
"We are a nice body to pass criticism on a
matter of this sort— now, aren't we?"
. After several addresses severely com
menting on x the book, Mrs. Harriet Taylor
Upton of Ohio moved ;to lay the whole
matter on the table, which was carried by
a vote of 59 to 16! / ...-■•..• , *
. The afternoon ( - session resolved itself
into a" training school for organizers, un
der the instruction jof Mrs, C. C. Catt of
New York. •
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ARE YET READY
TO ARBITRATE
British Statesmen May Find
•Graceful Means to
Back Down.
SUCH IS THE REPORT.
The Times Claims That Lord
Salisbury Made Specific Of
fers to Settle.
WILL MODIFY THE. DETAILS.
President Cleveland Regards the Davis
Resolution as 7 Mischievous
and Unfortunate. .. '■.- 7 7-v
LONDON, Eng., Jan. 23.— Times
will contain, an article discussing the
Anglo-American situation in the light of
the latest developments. 7
It does not adduce any new views, but
recognizes the efforts of "the Government
at Washington to bring about a peaceful
solution of the question. It sees much
significance in the anger of the jingoes at
their efforts.
It again contends that Lord Salisbury's
dispatch, far from refusing, made a specific
offer to arbitrate the Guiana boundary
dispute and declares it to be no secret that
the Prime Minister is quite prepared to
consider favorably any fair and frank sug
gestion modifying the details.
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 23.-A Sun
special from Washington says: . The state
ments so repeatedly made' during the past
few days to the effect that Secretary Olney
has been notified of the desire of the Eng
lish Government to recede from its atti
tude on the Venezuelan question, and that
it had found a means of gracefully backing
down, whether true or not. will have little
effect upon the determination of the Sen
ate Foreign Relations Committee to pass
the Davis resolution. v - •
In the first place it cannot be learned
that Secretary Olney has received any
such intimation from the English Govern
ment, and the Senators say it would not
affect the action of the Senate if he had.
The members,' of the Foreign Relations
Committee say that the resolution was
framed chiefly for the purpose of meeting
the argument," so persistently {advanced,
that Congress had never given an expres
sion of opinion on the subject of the Mon
roe doctrine and that, therefore, it is high
time to put a declaration on record.
The resolution of the committee is a
concurrent one, requiring the indorsement
of the House of Representatives, but not
the approval of the President. It is in
tended merely as an expression of the
sense of Congress, not as a law to be placed
upon the statute-books. Its authors will,
therefore, press it to a vote whether or not
Lord Salisbury decides to suggest a
method for the settlement of the dispute
with Venezuela by arbitration or other
wise.
A World special from Washington, says:
President Cleveland has authorized Sena
tor Smith of New Jersey to make public
his opinion of the Davis resolution, re
ported by the Senate Commute on For
eign Relations. The President's opinion
is this: ■ ■ ■ _ '/A/4'
"I regard the Davis resolution as mis
chievous, inopportune and unfortunate."
Cleveland believes the policy adopted
by the Senate committee" on strikes at the
heart of the principle of arbitration. Sen
ator Smith has prepared a resolution de
claring the United States does not intend
to establish a protectorate in South Amer
ica, nor to become responsible in any de
gree for the conduct of other American
nations. Hi. discussed the substance of
the resolution with the President yester
day.
Secretary Olney has privately expressed
his disapproval of the action of the Senate
committee.
IBJSHMEJf ABE BE AIX Y.
Charters to Councils Anxious to Fata
Erin's Foea.
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 23.-General
Secretary John P. Sutton of the Irish
National Alliance recently forwarded
charters to these councils of the organiza
tions:
Irish Knights of Alaska, Seward City,
Alaska; Robert Emmet, St. Louis, Mo:;
St. Louis Central, St. Louis, Mo.;
Fontenoy ' of New York City; Al
fred "F. Lee, Columbus, Ohio; Sars
field, Minneapolis, Minn. ; Wolf Tone,
East Boston, Mass. : Wolf Tone, New v 0 rk
City; Grattan, Clinton, Mass. ; Thomas
Francis Meagher, Butte City, Mont.;
Parnell, Birmingham, Ala.; Robert Em
met, Fond dv Lac, Wis.; McArdle, Tol
uca, 111.; Anaconda, Anaconda, Mont.;
O'Neill, San Francisco, and Lyman, Law
rence, Mass. 7 77 :;. p'p
President William Lyman says that
every council will begin the work of mili
tary, organization, so that the Irishmen
may be ready in case their services are
needed against England.
FBOTECTEO B V THE POLICE.
Agitator Ahlwardt in ' Danger From
Enraged Hebrews. ■ ,
NEW YORK, N. V.. Jan. 23.-Herman
Ahlwardt, member of the German Reich
stag, who came to this country to start an 1
anti-Hebrew crusade, opened his campaign
in Jersey City to-night' at Proessers Hall
on Central avenue.
Several Hebrews asked Chief of Police
Murphy to prevent Ahlwardt from speak
ing, threatening to do the ; latter injury,
but the Chief said that he would not - in
terfere.
A strong police force under Inspector
Lange was present, however. Their ser
vices were needed, for the Hebrews in the
hall hooted A! ward whenever he referred
to their religion, and finally threatened to
kill him and burn down the hall.
Befora serious consequences . arose, how
ever, Inspector Lance had ordered the
hall cleared and ejected those who raised
the disturbance. Then the lecturer was
allowed to proceed.

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