VOLUME LXXIX.— NO. 56.
APPLY THE LASH
TO THE SULTAN.
Senators Protest Against
the Cruel Massacres
CULLOM IS APPALLED.
Crimes Unparalleled for Ages
Committed in the Turk
FRYE'S MOST FIERY SPEECH.
If Necessary the United States Should
Send. Warships to Protect
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 24.—
concurrent resolution reported last
Wednesday from the Committeee on
Foreign Relations on tho subject of the
Armenian outrages was taken up in the
Senate to-day and was passed after a highly
Cullom (R.) of Illinois, a member of
that committee, addressed the Senate. He
faid that he was amazed, astonished and
appalled at the brief accounts which he
had had of the awful carnival of havoc,
destruction and bloodshed which had pre
vailed for a time in a country with which
the United States maintained amicable
relations. The concurrent and accumu
lated testimony of hundreds and thousands
of intelligent people, Christian and Jew,
Catholic and Protestant, European and
American, made it absolutely certain that
a massacre of innocents, unparalleled for
ages, had been perpetrated in the Armenian
provinces of Turkey ; fire and sword had
swept away over many square miles of
territory the last vestige of Armenian
Over 200 villages the demon of dam
nation and fanaticism had spread ruin,
desolation and death. The English Gov
ernment had a direct obligation resting on
it to protect the Armenians, and yet noth
ing had been done by it nor by any of the
other powers looking to the enforcement of
their treaty obligations beyond mere dip
lomatic correspondence between them and
the Sultan. It had therefore seemed to the
Committee on Foreign Relations that it
could J3o nothing Jess than appeal to the
powers' to" carry out their pledges as it did
in the concurrent resolution. As to the
right of the United States to protect its
citizens everywhere, no odds were asked
from any nation on earth.
Cullom quoted from a speech of Daniel
Webster these words: "There is some
thing among men more capable of shaking
despotic power than the lightning, the
whirlwind, the earthquakes, and that is
the excited and aroused indignation of the
whole civilized world. "And he added that
he knew of nothing which had happened
in the world for centnries that more called
for interference than these slaughters of
Blanchard (D.) of Louisiana thought
that the resolution did not go far enough,
and intimated that the Committee on
Foreign Relations had been slow in its re
port. The committee was defended by
Frye (R.) of Maine, wbo made a very fiery
speech against the Sultan and against the
European Governmenst, which had not in
terfered to protect the Armenians. He said
if he had his way the American Congress
would -nemonalize Russia to take posses
sion of the Armenian provinces and would
inform her that the United States would
stand behind her in doing so. And he de
clared that if it were necessary to protect
American citizens and their property in
Turkey he would order United States ships
of war, in spite of ports and in spite of
agreements as to the closing of the Dar
danelles, to place themselves before Con
stantinople and to give that protection to
which American citizens are entitled.
The concurrent resolution was passed
without a division and now goes to the
House. It expresses the earnest hope that
European concert may speedily be given
its just effect in such decisive measures as
shall stay the hand of fanaticism ana law
less violence and shall secure the rights of
the unoffending Christians of the Turkish
ENGLAND ALMOST ISOLATED.
It Is Said That Italy Is -Vote Her Only
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 24.— dis
patch to the Sun from London says that
the report of an alliance between Russia
and Turkey has caused a great political
sensation. A few years ago such an al
liance would have promptly resulted in
a declaration of war, but now it is be
lieved tbat the only action that will
be taken by England will be a vigorous
England's only ally now will be Italy.
France is believed to be committed to the
new Eastern alliance, and Germany will
not be friendly to Great Britain. It is be
lieved that the next step will probably be
a demand by the three allies, Russia, Tur
key and France, for England to evacuate
Egypt, and then a serious European crisis
THE BRITISH CABINET MEETS.
Information Received Erom the Elying
LONDON, Eng., Jan. 24.— A meeting of
the Cabinet was held at the Foreign Office
at 3 o'clock this afternoon. Lord Salisbury
presiding. Previous to the Cabinet meet
in-; a conference was held between Right
Hon. George J. Goschen, First Lord of the
Admiralty, the. Naval Board and Rear-
Admiral Alfred T. Dale, commander of the
flying squadron. /z-z-A/Ty/
ONLY AS INDIVIDUALS.
How Red Cross Workers Can Distribute
Aid to Armenians.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 24.—Secre
tary Olney has received from Mr. Terrell,
United States Minister at Constantinople,
a cablegram saying that while the Porte
refuses permission to the Red Cross So- .
The San Francisco Call.
ciety as such to distribute relief to Ar
menia he will permit any persons whom
Mr. Terrell names and approves to dis
tribute relief, provided that the Turkish
authorities be kept informed as to what
they are doing. This concession of the
Turkish Government materially simplifies
the Armenian situation with regard to the
efforts of Clara Barton in the discretionary
power given Minister Terrell. The Minis
ter will undoubteuly designate Miss Bar
ton and the members of her party now on
their way to Southampton.
HEAVY SNOW AND FLOODS.
An Unusually Severe Winter in Asia
CONSTANTINOPLE, Tubkey, Jan. 24.—
The representative of the United Press
learns that the moratorium recently grant
ed by the Government will not be renewed
and that all obligations will have to be
met at the expiration of the time for which
the moratorium was granted. The Levant
Herald says the winter in Asia Minor is
unusually severe. Heavy snowfalls and
floods have blockaded the roads and travel
is often impossible.
Four of the Consuls at Aleppo made the
journey to Aintab, and were a full week in
traversing the distance. Ordinarily it
takes only three days to make the journey.
Their muleteer was frozen to death. The
Consuls expected to reach Marash Sunday.
TAyTAMOUXT TO A TREATY.
An Understanding Reached Between
Russia and Turkey.
LONDON, Em*:, Jan. 24.— dispatch to
the Central News from Constantinople
says that in an interview to-day Halil
Rafaat Pasha, the Grand Vizier, declared
that the rumor of an offensive and defen
sive treaty between Russia and Turkey
was absolutely unfounded. Such a treaty
had neither been concluded nor meditated.
In well-informed circles this statement
is believed to be probably a mere diplo
matic quibble. The arrangement between
the two powers may. not be embodied in a
treaty, but it is coming to be generally be
lieved that an understanding exists be
tween them that is tantamount to a treaty.
THEY WILL FIGHT A DUEL.
M. Henri Rochefort and M. Edouard Dru
mont to Meet on the Field of
LONDON. Eng.. Jan. 24.-The Chronicle
will to-morrow publish a dispatch from
Paris saying that a duel is impending be
tween M. Henri Rochefort, the widely
known editor of the Intransigeant, and M.
Edouard Drumont, also a well-known
literary man. V ;. ii"
The trouble arose from a violent news
paper squabble between M. Rochefort and
Mme. Severine, a writer for the French
press, M. Drumont having constituted
himself the champion of the latter. ;...•>•
Both M. Rochefort and M. Drumont
have fought duels before.
i CRUELTY OE BESIEGERS.
Shoans Cut off the Hands of Hires
■ -*■•'-''■ •' Captives. ■ t [ .
ROME, Italy, Jan. 24.— Advices, from
Massowah state that the situation at
MaKalie is; unchanged. The Shoans in
vesting the Italian fortress have redoubled
their vigilance, to prevent the Italians
sending out any. news. The Shoans cut
off the hands of three men they captured,
and also captured and shot a messenger
who was endeavoring to get into the
Italian fortress to carry news to Major
Galliano, the commandant, of his promo
tion to colonel.
Condolence to the Queen.
LONDON, Exg., Jan. 24.— Foreign
Office has issued the following :
"The President of the United States of
America, having, received through. Sir
Julian Pauncefote, the British Embassador
at Washington, the mournful tidings of
the death of his Royal Highness, Prince
Henry of Battenburg, immediately made
expression through the Hon. Thomas F.
Bayard, United States Embassador to the
Court of St. James, of his sincere condo
lence to the Queen."
Rioting at Eort au Prince.
KINGSTON, Jamaica, Jan. 24. — The
steamer Hordel has arrived here from
Gonaives, Hayti. She is specially char
tered to bring to this port a party of Hay
tiens. The captain* reports "continued
serious rioting in the streets of Port au
Prince for the past few days. Gonaives is
quiet as yet. The. Government is exer
cising a strict censorship over news.
SHOT A FARMER'S SON
Brutal Murder and Robbery Com
mitted by an Outlaw in
Rattlesnake Bill Believed to Be the
Culprit and a Posse Is in
WICHITA, Kans., Jan. 24.— A brutal
murder occurred at Isabella, Oklahoma,
last night, the victim being Howard Rob
erts, the 14-year-old son of J. C. Roberts.
The murder was committed by a masked
bandit, who rode up to Roberts' door late
at night and called upon him toopeu.it.
Roberts refused to comply and the robber
began to fire through the door. Finally
the robber kicked the door in, and cover
ing Roberts with his revolvers, demanded
his money, but the boy failed to find it.
Exasperated at the delay, the robber de
liberately shot him in the mouth. The
boy's tongue was almost torn away by
the bullet, which passed through his neck.
"Get me the money you got for your
cattle to-day or I'll serve you the same
way," said the bandit. Roberts hastily
complied, giving up $280 and his gold
watch. The murderer then jumped upon
his horse and firing several random shots
toward Roberts galloped away.
A posse of several hundred farmers fol
lowed the bandit's trail, all day and his
capture seems certain. The boy lingered
in creat agony through the nieht and died
at 1 o'clock this morning. The desperado
is thought to be Bill Thompson, alias
Rattlesnake Bill, an old cowboy, who has
committed several murders in the Terri
tory. Rattlesnake Bill was pursued into
Mexico by the officers two years ago. '.'
Reported in Bad Repute.
YORK, Pa., Jan. 24.— York Build
ing and Loan Association' is reported to be
in bad repute. It is said sllß,ooo: has been
paid in and probably not a cent of this will
be saved to the ones who paid it.
SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 25, 1896.
John Bull — "Well, I'll be blowed!"
That Is Recommended for
the .Americans Impris
oned at Pretoria.
■•■ '-.■>.;...,:.. ■-,-.■■
Secretary Olney Not Permitted
to Relax Efforts to Secure
TELEGRAMS ARE YET RECEIVED
Nearly All the Members of the Reform
Committee Will Be Released
on Bail. ." .
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 24.— The
resolutions adopted by the Gold Mining
Exchange at San Francisco concerning
John Hays Hammond . and other Ameri
cans arrested by the Boer Government
were received by wire this morning by
each member of the California delegation.
Senators White and Perkins prepared, a
letter to Secretary Olney, transmitting the
resolutions, and it was signed by Repre
sentatives Johnson, 7 Loud, Maguire,
Bowery, McLachlan, Hil born, Barham
and the two Senators. The letter was as
"The members of the above, association
are permanent citizens of California and
men of standing. We have informed all
our friends and all who have correspond
ence with us that the State Department is
exerting itself to the utmost in behalf of
the accused Americans in the Transvaal.
There is one matter suggested by this dis
patch which possibly may be worthy of
further consideration, ' vi--. : The employ
ment of proper counsel to guard the inter
est of the accused. It ; may. be that the
fact that Hammond and others are de
tained renders it difficult for them to per
sonally act in their own defense. >
"We desire to further suggest for your
determination that possibly our people
would be better satisfied if counsel were
employed at our direct instigation. It is
asserted with some force that the great
interest taken in this matter by our Gov
ernment would .be more obvious and ac
centuated if we pursue that course, than
it would should we rely upon the friendly
offices of others, however ' potential these
miehtbe.". - ,"■,.';,;-/,
Senator Perkins said to-night:
"It is well known here that Secretary
Olney. has taken a very great interest in
the case of the imprisoned Americans, and
is making every effort in the power of the
State Department to assist them. Our
Consul and consular agent in South Africa
have been telegraphed "to e*xerclse every
means at their disposal to secure fair treat
ment for the accused."
Telegrams urging action in their behalf
still continue to pour in upon Perkins.
Hamilton Smith has telegraphed seven
times from Monte Carlo. All or nearly all
of these have been placed before Secretary
Oiney, and be is kept advised of all the
news that may come into possession of the
LONDON, Ej*g., Jan. 24. — The Times
will to-morrow publish a dispatch from
Pretoria saying that all the members of
the reform committee who were arrested
at Johannesburg would be admitted to
bail on Friday, with the exception of Louis
Phillips, president of the Chamber of
Mines; Colonel Francis W. Rhodes, brother
of Cecil 7 Rhodes. ex-Prime ' Minister of
Cape Colony; Percy Farrar, proprietor of
the South African paper, 2 Country Life,
and John Hays Hammond, the American
mining engineer. . The dispatch adds that
the inquiry in the case of those arrested
will probably take place on Wednesday
next, after which most of the accused will
PRETORIA, South Afbica, Jan. 24.—
General Jubert, commander-in-chief of the
forces of the South African Republic, in a
speech at Heilbron, in which he thanked
the burghers, said that ';[ the raid of Dr.
Jameson and his followers was not the
work of honorable British residents, but
was a cunning; and insidious attempt to
overthrow law and order? \ % - . , , ; .
Dispatches from^pba^nfiaburg j repre
sent matters as qtiict ther*, but a feeling
of unrest prevails throughout the populace
and the unemployed are becoming danger
ous. They are leaving . the "city |in small
parties, but their destination or object can
not be ascertained. r ,
(P-z-iAP- » .... ■•....•....
THOMAS MEIN ARRESTED.
Held as One of the Chief Conspirators in
POTSDAM, ; N. . V., Jan. 24.— A dis
patch received here announces the arrest
and imprisonment .of ■■■ Thomas Mem, - a
native of Louisville, St. Lawrence County,
as one of the chief conspirators in Dr.
Jameson's raid- No ! details have been
received by his brothers, except that bail
in his case has been refused. Mr. Mem's
brothers will try to secure his release
through the Department of State.
Thomas Mem is about 50 years old. He
is well known. as a mining engineer. He
went to California and engaged in gold
mining about thirty years ago. He man
aged some of the largest gold mining prop
erties there, and later took charge of sev
eral large mines in Venezuela. From
Venezuela he went to Alaska, and thence
to South Africa. Mr. Mem had control of
6000 men in South Africa.
ESCAPED FROM THE MOB
Two Murderers Had a Close Call
in a Suburb of St.
The Constable Surrendered, But the
Prisoners Whipped Up the Horse
■". in Time to Escape. 7 '
St. LOUIS, Mo., Jan. 25, 1 o'clock a. m.—
An almost successful attempt was made
last night; to lynch Sam Foster, colored, <
and Peter Smith, ; white, who murdered
B. E. Atwater of Chicago, Thursday night,
at Webster Grove, ; a suburb. After the
inquest yesterday, the situation ; became so
threatening that it was decided to bring
the prisoners to this city for safety. They
were handcuffed together and started for
the city' in a wagonette, driven by Con
stable Fielson. • Ppzy p,..- .
When within six miles of the city limits
at 7:30 o'clock p. m. the conveyance was
stopped suddenly by a mob of sixty armed
men who demanded the prisoners. Con
stable Fielson surrendered, but the prison
ers began whipping the horse and started
off on the run. A volley was fired after
them and one shot struck the negro in the
right hip. They were not pursued and
the horse fell, it being impossible tor them
to escape. They were finally overtaken
by Fielson and brought to the Four Courts,
this city, at 12:30 a; m. Foster fired the
shots that killed Atwater and admits his
guilt. Smith decoyed the dead man r to
VIOLATED BANKING : LAWS.
Books of a• ' Defunct Nebraska, Concern
yzyP Fraudulently Kept. A/:
BEATRICE, Nebe., Jan. 24.— State Bank
Examiner McGrew' has filed' his report on
the Bank of Blue Springs. He says 7 that
the bank is absolutely insolvent and has
been conducted in an unsafe and unsatis
factory manner;' that its books have been
falsely and fraudulently kept, f and that
false "statements have been made to the
State Banking Board 7 and published in
violation of thf. law." . v;.'\ 7 V " *
' ■'" He recommends the immediate appoint
ment: of- 1 a temporary receiver, and also
calls the attention of the County Attorney
to the flagrant violation Jof | law by 'J.* C.
Williams, president of the bank.
NOTED MEN TALK
General Harrison Argues in
'Support of the Wright
40-7y7'::i;p6Act ' :.y: ..■-;-;;":
JUST CLEAR, COLD FACT.
Says California Had a : Right to
/a Take Charge of the , Water
ESTABLISHED BY DECISIONS.
Ex-Chief Justice Rhodes Also Upholds
the Constitutionality of the
• ""..' : .. Law.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 24.— The
fact that ex-President Harrison was to ap
pear as an advocate before the Supreme
Court, of the United , States in the Cali
fornia irrigation cases was largely respon
sible for the throng which gathered about
the chamber "to-day. It was announced
before the court was opened that the time
for argument had been a second time ex
tended and that eight hours would be de
voted to the consideration of the cases.
This extension, it was expected, would per
mit. B. Percy Wright, who has charge of
the litigation in California, to take part in
the argument ' to-day and give Monday's
session to Joseph H. Choate and ex-Judge
J.F. Dillon in which to close the argu
ment for the two sides respectively.
Ex-Chief Justice Rhodes of California
resumed his argument in support of the
irrigation law and the validity of the pro
ceedings of the several district boards of
trustees thereunder. He reviewed the
history of public improvements in various
parts of the country to illustrate the con
tention that it, was not in Itself peculiar,
although applied to irrigation, and that
this analogous legislation had been, like
the Wright law, sustained by the courts.
Rhodes ' spoke almost :. an hour and was
followed by ex-President Harrison, who
advocated the constitutionality of the law.
He began his argument by saying:
"Notwithstanding all that has been said
about these cases, as to their nature, they
are in fact nothing but tax cases, present
ing the question whether or not the State
has power 7by its executive act to take a
portion of the citizens' property for -the
use, of the public. If there is anything
clearly established by the decisions of this
court it is that .the taxing power of the
State is a full one, the only limitations of
which are to be found in the constitution
of ►; the 7 State ;or of the United States. If
the power to levy the tax is challenged the
court -look for the limiting clause in
the State or Federal constitution. I If this
is not found to be something that contra
venes the j power, |as j used, then it must
pass the court unchallenged." ; ,
. As to the subject of the law General Har
rison said that in his opinion there was no
matter of a clearer use and purpose than
that of irrigation, and it was fully compe
tent by legislation to take charge of the
water supply for the purpose of using it
under ' regulations for the \ improvement
and development of ■:' the arid lands within
its - limits. If that legislation was so con
structed as to lie within the" limitations of
the State's authority and power, then,
said the speaker, it must pass the court.
"This court," he said, an opinion of
Justice Field so often quoted, 'is not a
harbor of refuge for ships laden with pas
sengers dissatisfied as to the expediency or
desirability of State legislation.' "
General Harrison proceeded to discuss
the first and second sections of the law to
demonstrate his assertion that the legisla
tion was wholly within the limitations
placed upon the authority and power of
the State, and the Supreme Court of the
State had so construed the statute several
times, which construction, he said, be
came a part of the statute for all the pur
poses of the Supreme Court of the United
General Harrison occupied the attention
of the court for a few minutes less than an
hour, speaking without interruption. His
argument was purely a legal one and, be
cause of that fact, to some extent a disap
pointment to his listeners.
George H. Maxwell followed, speaking
for the aggrieved property-owners, who
invoked the protection of the fourteenth
amendment against the operation of the
Wright law, and he was followed by C. C.
Wright, the author of the act, in support
of the law. Maxwell and Wright did not
require all the remaining time of the ses
sion in which to make their arguments,
and Mr. Choate began the concluding ad
dress in opposition to the law at 3:45
o'clocic, speaking fifteen minutes before
the court adjourned until Monday.
The proposition on which Choate should
base his argument, he said, was that irri
gation for a district which did not need it
was not public use nor necessity, and that
a law which provided an irrigation system
for a district not needing it and assessing
the contiguous property to pay for its con
struction was an unconstitutional law.
DWYER MUST PAY DAMAGES.
David Gideon, the Racing Man, Obtains a
Verdict for Fifteen Thousand
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 24.— The suit
brought by Day"'* Gideon, the racing man,
against * hilip J. Dwy.-r, president of the
Brook yn Jockey Caio, for $50,000 for slan
der, was tried before a Sheriff's • jury to
day. 77 'p7.
The defendant was not allowed to tes
tify as to whether he had used the words
attributed to him when he is supposed to
have said to Mr. Gideon: "You are no
sportsman. You were ruled off the track
at Nashville for fraudulent practices there
and had to leave the town."
The jury was out ten minutes and re
turned with a verdict for the plaintiff, Mr.
Gideon, for $15,000. An appeal will be
taken to the Court of Appeals.
ACCUSED OE JtEISG A SPY.
Arrest of a Correspondent in Caracas
. ■■' \p/ ,. While ' Taking I'hotographs. /it' " ?
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 24.— The Her
ald's correspondent in Caracas, Venezuela,
cables as follows: : ,'777 7
"I was arrested on Wednesday in La
Guayra while having some photographs
taken in the street. The pictures were
such as would depict scenes in the public
thoroughfares, but the camera apparently
excited the suspicion of the authorities.
"One of the prominent citizens of the
town followed me to the court where I was
taken... He knew me and tried to explain
that I was engaged in entirely lawful and
harmless work, but the Judge would not
permit him to . remain. j I was privately
examined by the Judge of the district;
He refused to believe that I was an Ameri
can, and stated that be had been informed
that British spies were already in the
country in large numbers,' and that one of
their chief purposes was to obtain photo
graphs of all works of defense.
"He added that to use scything but the
most rigid caution and scrutiny at such a
time as the present would argue that he
was lax 'in his sworn duty.' I was then
dispatched on a late train to Macuto, !
where President Crespo and his Cabinet
are staying. 7 "7.
"As soon as the chief officers of the Gov
ernment heard of my arrest and arrival in.
Macuto immediate orders were issued fo
my release, which was followed by the re
ception of an elaborate apology from the
Government. The police later stopped me j
when 1 attempted to get some photographs j
of bathing scenes on the beach at Macuto." I
DROWNED IN A STREAM.
The Fate of a Family in a Covered
' FORT WORTH. Tex., Jan. 24.— News
was received here this morning of the
drowning of an entire family in Prairie
Dog Fork of Red River, in Randall
County, on Wednesday. Joseph Wicker,
wife and two children attempted to ford
the stream in a covered wagon, but the
waters, swollen by recent rains, swept the
wagon down. The father attempted to
swim ashore with one child on his back,
but he sank to the bottom with his human
The mother and the other child re
mained in the wagon until it was over
turned, and both were drowned. Another
family, in a second wagon, turned back in
time to save themselves. They could give
no assistance to the Wickers.
THROUGH AN OPEN DRAW
Fearful Plunge of a Fire
Engine Into the Cuyahoga
Two Members of the Crew Were
Injured and the Horses
CLEVELAND, Ohio, Jan. 24.— A fire
engine with a crew of live men responding
to a call plunged through an open draw
of the Seneca-street bridge at 2:25 o'clock
' Al Rose, driver, and ' Charles Cooledge,
one of the crew, were badly injured, but
the other three members of . the crew
miraculously, escaped by jumping.
: At j 2:20 o'clock this morning an alarm
of fire was turned in from Barrett's lum
ber yard, and Company No. 2 responded.
The route selected was by way of Seneca
street hill, at the bottom of which a draw
bridge spans the .Cuyahoga River. The
fireboat John Farley had started for the
Barrett yards. and in response to her sig-,
rial the draw was opened.
v The speed of the engine coming down
the steep hill was too great to be checked
in time to avert ; the plunge: The fireboat
saw the approaching /engine and stopped,
otherwise there would have been a collision
between the boat and engine oil the sur
face-, of " the river. The - engine with its
team arid the two men on the driver's seat
shot over the end of the bridge and down
forty-five feet to the water. The horses
were drowned. ; 7
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TOOK A GARRISON
Cuban Insurgents Defeated
the Spanish Forces at
THREE WOMEN KILLED.
An Invasion of Many Towns in
the Province of Pinar
GEN. MACEO SOUTH OF HAVANA.
The Cruiser Reina Maria Christine
Has Bombarded Camps Near
HAVANA, Cuba, Jan. Details of the
attack by the insurgents upon Sabanilla,
between Matanzas and La Union, on
Wednesday last, have been received. Tb«
rebels burned the station and two or three
houses and looted several stores. The
garrison was surprised and defeated after
a hot fight, losing many killed and
wounded. Unfortunately three women
were killed by stray bullets.
Thirty-eight refugees have arrived here
on the schooner Maria Carmen from
Guane, on the south coast. They report
that the insurgents under the command of
Maceo, Miro, Gil, Tamayo and Zayas have
invaded many towns in the province of
Pinar del Rio, taking horses, arms and
supplies. Bands under Oliva and Laso
are operating on the north coast. Antonio
Maceo and his force are south of Havana.
The cruiser Reina Maria Christine has
bombarded rebel camps near the coast.
Three employes of the Western Railroad
arrived here to-day. Trains on that road
having stopped running they were com
pelled to walk all the way from the pro
vince of Pinar del Rio. They say that
stations, bridges, cars and other railway
property have been destroyed in the vicin
ity of San Cristobal. The tobacco crop has
not been injured directly, but the rebels
destroyed the means by which it could Do
operated. - :/T44 '-.■ 4-r.y
Maximo Gomez, the insurgent' com
mander-in-chief, is still betwesn Gnnnez
and Batabano, southeast of Havana.
Three columns of troops under Colonels
Linares, Aldecoa and Galvis," sighted
Gomez's camp on Wednesday and made
an attempt to draw the rebels into a fight.
Gomez,' however, declined battle and with
drew leisurely, but still quickly enough to
prevent the troops from catching him had
they been inclined to make the attempt.
Colonel Sanchez reports that the force
under his command has had a fight that
lasted six hours with a rebel band under
Aulet, near Cienftiegos. He states that
the rebel loss was twelve killed and fifteen
wounded. j The Spaniards lost eleven
The general-in-ch-'ef to-day transferred
the press censorship from the political
office to military headquarters, giving as a
reason for doing so the quality of work
weighing upon the political office. Staff
Major Suarez lnclan is the new censor, he
succeeding Secretary Casanas, who has
treated the newspaper correspondents
with great courtesy. ■■' "7yp' J
An order was issued to-day prohibiting
coasting vessels to enter or leave the har
bor between sunset and sunrise.
The new military hospital that will ac
commodate 1000 patients, was opened here
- .: . ♦
VESSELS WILL BE ARMED.
Captains Who Resent Being Overhauled
*!/ the Spanish.
PHILADELPHIA. Pa., Jan. 24.—Cap
tain W. W. Keer, the counsel of the Hart
line of steamers, declared to-day that tho
steamers of that line will be fully armed
with guns, which will be used against the
Spanish if necessary. He said the acquittal
at Charleston yesterday of Captain Hughes
of the steamer. Laurada, of the charge of
carrying arms and men to Cuba will be
followed with similar verdicts here next
month in the case of the steamers Leon
and Horsa, because, as was shown in the
Laurada case, the vessels of the line have
done nothing wrong, and that the
"trumped up evidence" can justly have,
no weight with the jury.
INCREASING THE DUTIES.
Spain Raising Money to Meet the War
MADRID, Spain, Jan. 24.— 1n order to
meet in part the expenses of the war in
Cuba, the Government has decided to in
crease the customs duties on goods im
ported into the island. The largest in
crease will be made in the duties on goods
imported from countries other than Spain
and the Spanish colonies. ';•;:.'";
OP EOS ED THE RESOLUTION.
j Some South ' Carolina Statesmen Not in
Sympathy With Cubans.
COLUMBIA, S. C, Jan. 24.-To-day in
the House of Representatives a stir was
created by opposition to the resolution ex
pressing sympathy for the Cuban patriots
and calling on Congress to recognize them
as belligerents. The few opponents of the
resolution took the ground that it was
none of their business to call on the Na
tional Government to recognize the Cubans
as belligerents. The resolution was adopt
ed by a rising vote, ninety-eight members
voting in favor of it. Two voted against
it, some eight or ten not voting. -: , •
To Open West River.
PEKING, China, Jan. 24.— The Chinese
Government has agreed to comply with the
demand of l Great Britain that the West
River be opened to commerce, but makes
the condition that China be allowed to re
tain the territory ceded under the Bermah-
Chinese convention of 1894. The. matter
has been referred to Lord Salisbury, the
British Prime Minister.
Cholera in Russia.
: ST. PETERSBURG, Rr-psiA, Jan. 24.—
The official cholera statistics for the week
ending January 18 show that there were
twenty-four new cases and ten. deaths. .',.
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