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CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE; Editor and Proprietor. SUBSCRIPTION RATES-Postage Free: rally and Sunday Cam., one week, by carrier. .JO. "Daily and Sunday Calx, one year, by ma 11 . . .. 0.00 "Daily and Sunday Call, six months, by mail.. - .00 Dally and Sunday Cai;, three months by mall 1.50 Daily and Bnsday Call, one month, by mail.. .65 Sunday Call, one year, by mall 1.50 Weekly Call, one year, by mall 1.60 BUSINESS OFFICE: 710 Market Street, San Francisco, California. Telephone Main— lß6B EDITORIAL ROOMS: 517 Clay Street. •Telephone Main— lß74 BRANCH OFFICES 830 Montgomery street, corner Clay: open until S :S0 o'clock. 589 Hayes street; open nntil 9:30 o'clock. 717 Larkin street; open until 9:30 o'clock. SW. corner Sixteenth and Mission streets; open tmil 9 o'clock. £6 lb Mission street: open until 9 o'clock. ill* -Ninth street; open until 9 o'clock. OAKLAND OFFICE : 908 Broadway. EASTERN OFFICE: looms 31 and 82, 34 Park Row, New York City. DAVID M. FOLTZ, 6pecial Agent. . SATURDAY JANUARY 25, 1896 THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL. The wheat pit is no longer in a hole. Oh, yes Republican victories always bring prosperity. The new Senator from Alabama is named Money, and of course he talks. Things are finding their level— England comes down and wheat goes up. There will be a bounty on exported grain this year and the foreigner will pay it. Krueger will give the Americans a fair trial— the old man has brains in his head. Now that King Wheat has arisen he will command gold to come our way, and it will obey him. .'/T- A/4 A After the advance m wheat will come the advance in fruit, and every rural in dustry will prosper. The competing railroad did not bring the good times, but it will enable the farmers to profit by them. If the reported alliance between Russia and Turkey be true then the Czar holds the joker and the game is his. The House has got so well along with its work the session can be made short with out leaving any business undone. Now that Kentucky proposes to repeal the Southern Pacific charter, Huntington will have to order out his flying squadron. All that is needed now to prepare the way for prosperity is a protective duty to head off the importation of foreign goods. Some Californians favor Government ownership of railroads and some object, but all are united against the funding bill. Ahlwardt has resumed his agitation against the Jews and as a consequence the egg market in New York will have another boom. The Gorman Waterloo in Maryland has given history a chance to repeat itself. It is a Wellington that triumphs and goes to the Senate. Salisbury still shows an unwillingness to arbitrate with us, but if Venezuela wishes any concessions just now she can get them without trouble. ""v Republicans, Populists and silver men all will hold their National conventions in St. Louis, but Democracy will go off alone to die in Chicago. The Indian has given another evidence of ability to acquire arts of civilization. Chief Tall, treasurer of the Osage tribe, is Bhort in his accounts. As if they did not have fights enough in their own party, the Democratic silver men have now begun to monkey with the animals in the Populist menagerie. It is announced that the Davis resolu tions on the Monroe doctrine do not suit Cleveland, but perhaps they were not in tended to suit him. Davis is not a cuckoo. It is pleasing to learn that the House has at last succeeded in adopting a set of rules, but all the same it seems to have been getting along very well without any. As it will be a year before Foraker takes his seat in the Senate, Sherman will have time to issue a revised edition of his book before he has to introduce his colleague with the proper eulogium. The latest move in European diplomacy shows why Russia would not co-operate with the Western powers in settling the Turkish question. She knew she had a lone hand and was determined to play it alone. The convention of the National Associa tion of Manufacturers has requested the Senate to pass at once the emergency rev enue bill, but of course the Senate is too busy listening to itself to near what other folks say. The British insisted that Krueger should send Jameson to England to be tried, and now that Krueger has consented and Jameson is on his way home England dis covers she has no law by which: to try him. Is that a square deal or a shuffle ? The Populist National Convention will make an innovation in the basis of repre sentation at such gatherings. The various States will be allowed delegates in propor tion to the Populist vote cast at the last election. The result will be a smaller con vention than that of the other parties, but perhaps it will make as much noise. Among the publications of the new year intended to call the attention of capitalists and home-seeKers to the State none is more deserving of commendation than "California, Her Industries, Attractions and Builders," compiled and edited by J. C. Hoag and W. E. Gray. It is a hand somely illustrated work and should re ceive a wide circulation in all parts of the country. The dispatches from Washington state that on Thursday Daniels made a great speech in the Senate on the Monroe doc trine and that immediately afterward when a motion was made to fix a day to take a vote on the bond bill objection was raised that there were not enough mem bers present to decide the matter. ■ It ap pears, therefore, the big speeches are be ing made to empty benches and that the Senate does not take interest enough in it self to attend to its own talk. BUSINESS AND POLITICS. The National Convention of American Manufacturers at Chicago adopted a series of resolutions to which Congress ought to give prompt attention. All of -, them con cern the business welfare of the country and some of them are of pressing urgency. Moreover they relate to matters which can be dealt "with at this session, and, therefore, are more deserving the consider ation of Congressmen than issues like that of silver coinage, which cannot be setted as Congress is at present consti tuted. The resolutions ask that the Interstate Commerce Commission be directed to pre- para freight classifications which shall be uniform throughout the Union, that there be established by the Government a Department of Manufactures with a Secre tary of Cabinet rank at the head, that States be prevented from imposing inequit able conditions upon corporations created by other States, that the Senate pass promptly the revenue bill provided by the House for the relief of the treasury, and finally that in reforming the tariff Con gress shall grant to the sugar industry fair legislation and liberal encouragement. There can be no question of the import ance of the measures proposed. It is parti cularly urgent that the emergency revenue bill should be passed without further de lay. The bill is certainly not all that is wanted in the way of reform, but it will be a great improvement on the existing tariff. It would not only provide abundant reve nues for the Government and put an end to that borrowing of money which has so largely increased the bonded debt of the Nation, but would afford also something of protection to home industries and by checking to some extent the imports of foreign goods would turn the balance of trade in our favor and put an end to the export of gold. In these resolutions we see politics as it appears to the business men of tbe coun try. They fairly reflect the general senti ment of the people. There is an increas ing conviction that a return to a thor oughly comprehensive system of protec tion is more important to the country just now than even the remonetization of sil ver itself. At any rate there is a chance to do something in the way of tariff re form at once if the Senate would only re solve to act on the emergency bill, while it must be clear even to the most ardent ad vocates of silver that the discussion of free coinage is only a waste of time and en ergy. • The request for the establishment of a Department of Manufactures, with an offi cial head having a seat in the Cabinet, raises a new issue, but is not unreasonable. The manufacturing industry has now be come one of the greatest in the Nation, and is certainly entitled to a voice 'in the Government. The need of such an official is seen in the present danger to our indus tries caused by Oriental competition. Had we at this time a Secretary of Manufac tures he could at once through our Consuls investigate the. nature and extent of the competition and inform Congress what legislation is needed to guard against the evil. Lacking such an official the manu facturers must look out for themselves and ask Congress for help as best they can. This has been done in the present instance by the Chicago convention, and it remains to be seen what attention will be given to the requests. NATIONAL HIGHWAYS. The League of American Wheelmen can not find a wiser or more patriotic thing to do than to throw all its influence into the fight for the bill now before Congress in reference to highways. The bill provides for a commission charged with the follow iug duties: It shall be the .duty of this commission to inquire generally how the Government may further promote the im provement of highways, and among other things to consider the expediency of and best methods of providing for: (1) The scientific location of highways upon the public domain*; (2) the employment of the Geological Survey in the discovery of road materials; (3) the free testing of' all road material offered; (4) construction of model roads and instruction in road-making at agricultural colleges and experimental stations; (5) the same at the Military Academy, and when practicable at all institutions having a military instructor. 1 ' Evidently the leading idea of the bill is the military necessity of good roads. That is excellent, but a far greater value which they would represent would be purely commercial. It is an extraordinary fact that although our civil war disclosed the great need of good roads no heed was given the terrible lesson learned from the use of bad roads. The suffering, delay and expense which they entailed must have been enormous. It is undeniable that the bad roads of this country have been an important factor in the development of railroad monopolies and the retardation of inventions making wagon roads available for traffic purposes. Recently traction engines have been brought out which give great promise of remarkable advances in that direction, but it is evident that in the absence of good roads they will be ; useless. Even with horses for the drawing power a good wagon road is almost as valuable as a regulator of rail transportation charges as a river or canal. Had the Sacramento and San Joa quin valleys, for instance, been provided with excellent roads there would be very much less cause for complaint on the score of railroad extortion than there is at present. If there were the least element of ex periment in the proposition of good roads it might be expected to encounter intelli gent opposition, but there is not. Every one of the , old countries of Europe has demonstrated tne value of good roads and makes enormous annual expenditures in their construction and maintenance. This Nation is behind all others in the world in this regard except the most backward and unenlightened countries of the Orient. A DESPERATE EEFORT. All the evils of railroad power and tyranny are crystallized in the funding proposition pending before Congress. The overwhelming importance of the situation is so well understood by Mr. Huntington that it is not surprising to see him focusing all the resources at his command in the struggle. If he succeed in securing the passage of this bill he will close his wonderful career with an achievement more daring in its conception than any other financial proposition that ever rose between the Government and any of its citizens. Compared with it the marvelous skill with which he secured an appropria tion for the building of his railroad and the incredible deftness with which he pocketed its earnings instead of employing them in the payment of his debt \ will ap pear mean and insignificant. The passage of a funding bill would be so gross a wrong perpetrated by the Government upon itself with wide-open eyes and a full knowledge of how it has been swindled in the past that it will stand in history as the most remarkable thing that a citizen of the United States ever accomplished. It will not concern Mr. Huntington to ' reflect that j coming generations, while marveling at the power THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1896. which he exercised, will not regard his achievement as being any the less ; in famous. The wonder then will be that a man with ability and power of so remark able an order had not made himself the idol of the country by employing his splendid talents for the country's good. The defeat of the funding bill would be the downfall of the invincible power which this company has exercised for so many years. It would result in a breaking of the bonds which shackle the prosperity of California, and would open these broad and fertile acres to the enjoyment of mil lions of our people. In the defeat of this bill we have everything to gain and noth ing to lose— not even a risk to run. Mr. Huntington's interests are equally as great, and one ' side or the other must go down in this tremendous struggle for ex istence. California is not making as hard a fight as it might. The local governing boards throughout the State are not putting forth their strongest effort. The Chamber of Commerce of San Francisco, composed of leading citizens, upon whose activity in the premises so much depends, has set an example to every similar organization in the State. The work being done by the Committee of Fifty of San Francisco should be sufficient to inspire every other community in California. THE SUNDAY CALL. To-morrow's issue of The Call will con tain a number of special features of inter est. Among them is an exhaustive article on "The Amateur Photographers of San Francisco," profusely illustrated with some of the best specimens of work turned out by these artistic enthusiasts. The story of the old "Monadnock," from the time she came around the Horn to a description of the work that has been done on her at Mare Island during the last twenty years, will be told, and an inter esting history it is. "The Song of the Sword" is a strong, stirring poem 4 by J. L. Simpson. Miss Russell gives another of her read able chapters on horse guidance. W. C. Morrow contributes an extraor dinary account of a San Franciscan who lost four years of his life. The page devoted to the most recent de velopments of the sciences and arts has proved to be one of the best features of the Sunday issue. The children's page, the atrical news and gossip, the literary depart ment, articles devoted to fashions for men and women, are some additional special attractions, and besides these will be ex haustive reviews of the great questions of the day at home and abroad. The Sunday Call is particularly well adapted to send to friends at a distance. PERSONAL. G. Peleier of Paris is at the California. Dr. J. Manson of San Jose is In the City. J. E. Crowan of St. Louis is at the Baldwin. G. H. McCausland of London is at the Occi dental. 8. B. Herman, a merchant of Portland, is m the City. jA}A H. L. Lloyd, a mining man of Mexico, is in the City. E. C. Creller, a mine-owner of Grass Valley, is in town. A. Newhouse, a business man of Fresno, is at the Baldwin. Dr. Victor S. Vick of San Jose is registered at the Palace. Charles E. Ely, a business man of St. Louis, is on a visit here. Ex-Judge S. F. Geil of Salinas was among yesterday's arrivals. R. Rowlands, who owns mines near Placer ville, is at the Grand. L. H. Albrecht, a business man of Nogales, reached here yesterday. Dr. T. Edward Clark of Soquei is in the City, accompanied by his wife. D. E. Heller, a mining and, business man of Butte, Mont., is in the City. :?.-;: Ernesto Theodore, a business man'of Quezal tenango, is at the California. , Fred Cox, the wealthy banker and cattle owner of Sacramento, is at the Grand. C. S. Masteu, a railroad man of Phoenix, Ariz., is among recent arrivals at the Grand. The Rev. Father Marshall of Sacramento and Rev. Father Guereri of Sonora arrived here yesterday. N. Wines, a stage line owner and United States mail contractor of Santa Barbara, is at the Grand. H. B. McCann, the well-known stationer of Auburn, is In the City for a lew days, on a business trip. ,' ■ James Townsend, a wealthy business man of Fort Benton, Mont., was among the arrivals at the Palace last night. ■..•'- • • Martin Winch, a wealthy resident of Port laud, nephew of S. G. Reed, the millionaire who died recently at Pasadena, is at the Lick. R. R. Sherman, one of the old residents of Helena, Mont., and who Is interested in min ing and also extensively in horse and cattle raising, is at the Baldwin. J. T. Flynn of Portland, who has been for some time in Los Angeles, says the oil industry there is advancing apace. There is a feeling there, he adds, that San Francisco, ought to use this oil for heating and motive purposes. The output there is now much greater than formerly. Professor Lolsette of Chicago, whose speci alty is the cultivation of the memory and will, and who arrived here a few days ago on the Coptic from the Occident, is quite ill at the Palace. He caught cold on the voyage and now he has a complication of ills, but hopes to be well soon. 0T ,.". * ."- P'f -, » W. H.Bancroft of Salt Lake, formerly gen eral manager of the Rio Grande Western Rail road, and now general manager of the Union Pacific, is at the Palace. He is accompanied by W. S. Anderson and Miss Kasen of Salt Lake, and Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Weston of Hornelsdale, Pa. They came in a special car. CALIFORNIANS IN NEW YORK. NEW YORK, N.Y., Jan. 24.— Among to-day's arrivals were : S. Sassman and wife, Misses Suss man, Mrs. L. Warmser, Windsor; J. F. Wilson, St. James; J. M. Chase, Grand Union; A. L. Moore, Westminster; H. Curtag and wife, Nor mandy; J. W. Edwards and wife, Brunswick; J. P. Kelly,' Holland; G. Martin and wife, Metropole; R. H. Putnam, Sinclair. TOO MUCH INVENTION. The age of invention has conferred many blessings on mankind. No one will dispute ihat ; yet when we contemplate some of the lengths to whicn the inventive faculties are leading us, we are driven to the thought ex pressed by a thrifty resident of the riot dis trict in 1877, who, after he had filled his house with merchandise from the destroyed rail road cars, saw the flames reach his own dwell ing and its store of illicit wealth, and ex claimed, "Be jabers, this thing has been car ried too far!" That thought is made especially pertinent by the reports of two new Inventions. First, as the least impossible and intolerable of the two is that statement of the discovery of certain rays of light which are claimed to have the power to bring the' interior of the human system in view." This may have its uses for surgeons and • other - disagree able pry era into our anatomy; but for general use . we must protest that we do not want our departments of the interior brought into the sunlight of publicity. Beauty is well known to be no more than skin deep; and the most prepossessing specimen of the human race would be a loathsome object. How much more terrifying is the idea of hav ing lungs, liver and other essential : parts of the human, which are made to be used, but not seen, exposed to view! This, however, is a tolerable matter beside the dreadful exposures threatened by the al leged invention which will transfer thought without the trouble of, using speech for that purpose. This is a threat to the peace of man kind. The experience of • humanity testifies that" the check -upon undue' exposure of actual thought by the Imperfect medium of speech is all too slight. II the arrangement of electric currents asserted has been devised by the inventors so 1 that our thoughts will project themselves on surround ing objects, whether we will or no, complica tions of life will be inextricable. Suppose two men were to meet each other, provided with the apparatus which will reveal exactly what each thinks of the other. Our ,~ streets will become a universal Donnybrook Fair, and the reign of order will be ended. Besides that, the infliction of having the ordinary vacuity of thought not only ex posed, but recorded, would be a calamity to mankind. Too many people, even with the re straints of speech, are suffering from indecent mental exposure; but if all thought is to be made plain life will not be worth living. •• A commission de lunatico inquirendo should at once be appointed to decide whether this inventor is not a wild-eyed crank. If he has not the excuse of innocuous insanity, he and his invention should be gently but firmly put out of existence. As to the other, if it exists, It may be tolerated for limited uses, with the distinct understanding that life is not to be converted by it into a universal chamber of horrors.— Dispatch. SONG OF THE SHOPPERS. We are shoppers and you'll find us Everywhere about the town, A S? we always leave behind us Clerks with smile and clerks with frown; Bundles In our arms we carry, Though we sometimes have them sent, W hile about the stores we tarry 1 111 our money is all spent. longest way to us Is quickest, If it leads by bargain stores; And you'll find us in the thickest Of the crowd before the doors Where they sell at slaughter prices, Advertise big mark down sales At tremendous sacrifices. Of some big concern that fails. We make business for all mortals, : And, if we should cease to shop. Factories would close their portals, And the wheels of trade would slop; But we keep the money flowing. Buying eoods from every clime, Thus we keep the world a-going, Buying, buying aU the time. \\ c go shopping, we go shopping; We shop on from morn till night, IS ever stopping, never stopping, , Till the shops are closed up tight; Sometimes trying, sometimes trying To buy at a sacrifice. Oft-times buying, oft-times buying Everything, at every price. Ladles' World. PARAGRAPHS ABOUT PEOPLE. Mme. Melba's companion and secretary was married in New York last week .to a young Englishman. The singer's gift was a wedding breakfast and a check for $1000. Jules Simon, the distinguished French states man, is in better health at 82 than for some years past. He enjoys his old age, and it is said that he is becoming a better orator every day. . . "777. - The Ameer of Afghanistan has been devoting considerable study to the subject of electricity, and has determined to personally superintend the introduction of the electric lighting system into Cabul. ',""'.*■•' Justice Wright, the English jurist, is rather eccentric in some of his ways. On his estate in Hampshire there is struck up an extraordi nary notice board: "Trespassers will not be prosecuted." : yy-7 Hon. William M. Evarts is now nearly 78, and he is in practical retirement on account of trouble with his eyes. His general health is good, and he attributes this to his lifelong habit of getting up late and never taking any exercise. M. Eckholm, after ordering in Paris the bal loon with which, in company with M. Andree, he intends making an ascent fromNorskoarna, has left Norway. His newly married wife was anxious to ascend with him, but this would have necessitated too large a car. The King of the Belgians Is seldom seen in the theaters of Brussels, caring little for theatrical performances. He objects, too, to sitting in the royal box at the various houses of amusement. The Queen, on tho contrary, is passionately fond of the theater, and rarely misses a first night. The Norwegian Consul at New Orleans makes it a weekly custom to invite the captains of whatever Norwegian vessels may be in port to share a box with him at one of the theaters on Sunday evening^; He frequently has a dozen seafaring guests with him on these occasions, and is naturally very popular with Norwegian shipmasters. ' Queen Victoria has called the barony of Beaumont out of abeyance in favor ol the little year-and-a-half-old elder daughter of the last lord, who was killed while shooting in Septem ber. The barony dates from 1309, but had been in abeyance from King Henry Vll's time to 1840. The birth of a posthumous daughter threw it once more into abeyance last year. There ore now four Lady Beaumonts— the baby peeress and the widows of the last three peers. The youngest daughter of a revolutionary soldier, so far as known, was discovered at Lebanon, Conn., recently, and added to the membership of the Willimantic Chapter of the Daughters of the Revolution. She is Mrs. Au gustus Avery, and is 56 years old. Her father was 74 years old at the time of her birth. He was doubtless one of the youngest soldiers in the war.' There are only eight other daughters of revolutionary soldiers belonging to the order.'-, HUMOR OF THE HOUR. Friend— must be awful to have the news papers keep saying such things about you. Political candidate— Yes, but supposing they didn't say anything at ail!— Soinerville Jour nal. IpApyPp, Comedian— can always tell when I've got off a really good joke before an audience. Manager— How? Comedian— lt is always received with such deathly silence.— Roxbury Gazette. "Oh, Baroness, haye you heard it yet?" "Is it a secret, your Excellency?" "Yes." "Then I have heard it already.— Fliegende Blatter. /'■■;z4-< J?f':VV V\<?; ?,« '** "Whefe are you going?" said the banana peel to the passer-by. "Oh, just taking a little trip!" replied the passer-by as he sat down on the sidewalk.— New York Tribune. 'Ty/py.pryPr The Phrenologist— Your bump of self-esteem is enormously developed. - .. . The Patient— Do you blame It? The other day my wife sent me downtown with a piece of goods to match, and she says I did it better than she could have done it Herself.— "So we are not going to have war, Mrs. Trun mer?" "No; the prompt action of our Woman's Club stopped it; we telegraphed the President that he was a mean old thing."— Chicago Record. "He seems to feel hurt about something." ' "He is." '-..-.- "What's the matter?" "He's the only man in his ward who hasn't been asked his opinion about the Monroe doc trine."—Chicago Post. "Any amusement in this town to-night?" asked the stranger. ■' . V t', ".-'--V 7-,>:47 "1 reckon there's going to be a lecture," re plied the grocery man. "I've been 6ellin' eggs all day."— Atlanta Constitution. First young lawyer— l don't see how you hap pened to lose your case. The law was plainly on your side. y* - AypAAp '.'.., Second young lawyer— I know It was, and that was what I depended on. But I for got all about the jury.— Somerville Journal. Husband— Don't you know that every time a woman gets angry she adds a wrinkle to her face? ' " -*'* '.-'■ ":' /.'■■ T/y/y, Wile— Yes;' It's a wise provision of nature to let the world know the kind of ; husband she's got.— Photos and Sketches. "I see you are advertising - ; State Senator Spuggs, who thinks he has been cured by your medicine, as a man of National reputation," said the: captious man. "How can you afford to lie so?" * • ' : ' "Well," said the patent-medicine maker, "he will be of National reputation by the. time we get through advertising him."— lndianapolis Journal. ''/'''■''■"■'.".':." //'/ Dealer in antiques— Here are two very rare revolvers. A7'/A.LA47AT./77 ', .: V Customer— What is their history? ...zpT. :■ "They were carried by Columbus.'.' . "What! Revolvers weren't invented in Co lumbus' time." "I know. That's what makes them so rare." —Philadelphia Record. EDITOR HAWLEY IN TOWN The Well-Known Newspaper Man Here on a Business Trip. MADE HONEY IN COLORADO. He Tells of Odd Journalistic Conditions in a Number of the Prairie States. N. TV. Hawley, . formerly owner of the Denver Times, and till recently owner with Mr. Kohlsaat in the Chicago Times- Herald, is at the Palace. He is accom panied by Mr*. Hawley. He has been visiting Denver, Cripple Creek and Los Angeles, and will leave again in a day or two for Los Angeles. He is on the coast in a business way, but says the enterprise on which he has been figuring has not -developed sufficiently to make an announcement regarding it. Mr. Hawley made a good deal of money out of the Denver Times. It is supposed that he made considerable in Chicago. 11. W. Hawley, Formerly Owner of the Denver Times, and Latterly Interested in the Chicago Times-Herald. But he says he was well enough satisfied to sell his stock to Mr. Kohlsaat and thus let him have full control over the Times and Herald as consolidated. The enter prise seems to be doing well, he says, but the new Chicago Democratic morning paper, the Chronicle, is having signal suc cess. "It is a little short on advertising, but Mr. Seymour was telling me the other day," said Mr. Haw ley j "that he was sure he would get a large amount the coming Bpring. "As for the newspapers in the towns and cities of the Middle West, those occupying the evening field now have as a rule a larger circulation, more influence and are more profitable than the morning papers. It is so in Minnesota, lowa and Missouri, with scarcely an exception. I am informed it is true of many other States. "The reason is that most of the evening papers nave been published for 10 cents a week. They got big circulations, and a couple of years ago when* times got hard people who had been taking the morning papers at a greater expense discontinued them and took the evening paper, with per haps a Sunday paper, and the cost of both was less than the morning paper. This is tbe case in St. Paul and Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Journal, an evening paper, has increased its circulation over all of the other Minnesota papers. In Kansas City the Star is another illustration of an even ing paper going to the front. "Of course the situation is different in San Francisco, and this is a field that I have looked upon with some inter est. Preston Harrison alluded to it not long ago." Mr. Hawley is scarcely 40 years old. He is tall, with dark hair and eyes, and is a pleasing talker. He will be in Los An geles for some little time. He says times are improving in the East. It was very cold when he left Chicaco. In Cripple Creek lately a large amount of Eastern capital has been invested, though, he says, the Colorado people own most of the big mines. LADIES' YOKES. A dainty device to brighten up a dark or an old gown is shown here. It is a yoke which may be made of lace, embroidery, batiste or linen, and edged with lace in one of the many ways shown here. •'-,,„-, * A yoke of ecru lace with a collar of rose vel vet had strips of fur velvet over the shoulders. the ends of which were long enough to tuck under the belt,* also of rose velvet. . A yoke of green velvet was edged with lace. The collar was of chene , ribbon, . of which a belt was also made. A charming, yoke for evening wear was of yellowish : lace. A ruche of crushed- roses formed * the collar, and . a bow of the same was set over the shoulders. Ruffles of white chiffon were added all around the edges of yoke. A yoke of embroidered linen may be trimmed with a ruffle of ribbon live inches" wide, in the style Introduced by Paquin. The ribbon is put on easy across the front and back, the corners turned in square and then gathered over the shoulders, Striped, plain or chene ribbons are used. ■ ■■■■■.■ - : : ' -■.'• ''«";".■--' ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. It Was Wednesday— A. S., City. The Ist of April, 1863, fell on a Wednesday. Seamen Not Exempt— J. W., City. The law of this State does not exempt seamen from the payment of poll-tax. A. P. A.— L. J., City. The initials. A. P. A., stand for American Protective Association and not for American Protestant Association. Ex-Soldiers— H. W. There is no law on the statute-books of California that exempts old soldiers from payment of polltax to the State. •--.'•:•■; >i -y- ! -y-/ Tennyson— J. A., City. Alfred Tennyson was born in Somersby, Lincolnshire, August 6, 1809. He died at Aldworth House, near Has selmere, Surrey, October 6, 1892. On a Pirate Ship— C. S., City. The question asked as to the nationality of aJaoy born on a pirate ship was asked, by another correspon dent and answered in The Call, January 10. A Pilot— R. W., Stockton, Cal. To become a pilot in this State the applicant must be 21 years of age. One between the age of 18 and 21 though qualified in all other respects can not obtain a license. Fortifications — A. F. A., Oakiana, Cal. Information about the fortifications in and about the harbor of San Francisco is within the knowledge of the officers at army head quarters in this City, but they will not im part it. ' Why Painted White— a. S.. City. A naval officer says that the reason that the vessels of the United States navy are painted white is that it is a color that cannot be distinguished so readily at a distance as black, and therefore in case of war an enemy could not locate the vessels as easily as if "painted the darker color. ; " . ..-v. - Problems and Puzzles— J. G. S. and C. W. A,. City. It is a rule of this department not to answer problems in algebra or of puzzles of any kind, and for that reason the answers asked for are not given. Cross Eyes— A. C. R. t City. Strabismus, or what is commonly called cross-eye, arises from various causes, and it is claimed that the de fect may be remedied by operation. It is also snid that the use of certain spectacles will remedy the defect. A person so affected should consult a specialist or an optician. Wheat— A. S.,City. The amount of wheat raised in California in 1895 is eiven as 26, --218,000 bushels, and the value of export of wheat Is given as 5*>9,981,394. From a com parative table prepared by the Department of Agriculture -for 1894 California stood the fourth State in the Union as a producer of wheat. ' s--yp-->/--. Eating-Hovse— R. H. S., City. The proprie tor of an eating-house, like an inn-keeper, must receive all persons who visit his place for the purpose of being accommodated; but' he would have the right to reject any one who was drunk, disorderly, or a person known to be of bad character or one who was offensive. Art Gallery— A. S., City. There is in .this City the art gallery- in the Hopkins Insti tute of Art, that is open every day except Sun days. There are a number of 6tudios in which are exhibited the works of artists, and in au dition there are artrooms owned by dealers in art goods where many pictures are on exhibi tion. This department cannot, however, ad vertise such places. • ' Ducks— C. D., City. Ornithologists deter mine the difference in ■. birds by measurement, not by weight. According to their measure ments the length of the mallard duck is from 20 to 25 inches, wings 10}£ to 12 inches and bill from 2 to 2 4-10 inches, while the canvas back is in length 20 to 23J4 inches, wings 8% to 9 l 4 ' inches and bill 2 1-10 to 2 /_ inches, which makes the mallard the larger. Pigeons— J. S., City. The authorities never "employed a man to walk on the roof of the City Hall to shoot pigeons because they made so much dirt." Possibly at some time some one has gone on the root ami slaughtered pigeons at a time when they were very thick on the roof and were a nuisance, but he did so on his own account and nob as an employe of the City specially appointed for that purpose. Orlinski— Vf. A. 8., City. It was on the Oth of December, 1857, that Alexander Orlinski, a notorious burglar, escaped from the City Prtson in this City after having struck Jerry B Moore, the prison-keeper, on the head with a wooden bar. He had been arrested on the ith of that month on several charges of burglary He was not rearrested until the 18th of the month. Board of Health— J. J. E., City. The mem bers of the Board of Health of this City are appointed by the Governor for a period of five years. It has been held that the power that appoints has the power to remove, but it is not the rule for a Governor to appoint a man to an office and then remove him as a whim might move him. If any member of the Board of Health is guilty of any wrong-doing or neglect of duty the Governor could undoubtedly re move him. ■•■--•--• Accepted Streets— J., City. The City will not accept a street that has been laid with bitumen and that has not granite curbstones The present Board of Supervisors could not declare illegal a street accepted by a previous board and Superintendent of Streets; but if it discovered that within a reasonable time the street that had been accepted. was not ud to the specifications, the contractor could be requested to do the work anew, with the un derstanding that if he did not he would never again be allowed to bid for or perform any street work. ' ■ ."• To Join the AiuiY-Reader, Stockton, Cal. A man; wishing to j enlist in , the United . States army, if in the infantry or artillery, must be not less than 5 feet 5 inches in height, weight from 128 to 190 pounds; for the cavalry he *. If you want a sure relief for -ains in the back, side, chest, or limbs, use. an ■ .. -' ' ' w Allcock's morons . II %^-%j %^§S. o Plaster Bear in MiND-Not one of the host of counterfeits and unit*, tions is as good as the genuine. «**»•* must be not less than 5 feet 4 inches nor more than 5 feet 10 inches .in height, and weight not to exceed 165 pounds. Enlistment is for three years in every branch of the service Original 1 enlistments are by citizens of the United States or foreigners who have declared their . intention to become such. The qualifications are that they- must be able to speak, read and write the English language. Upon examination by the physician the mo bility of the chest must be from two to two and a half inches, according to the size of the indi vidual and height and weight. The First Shot— 8., City. According to Brevet Major-General Doubleday the first shot of the War of the Rebellion was the one fired from Fort Moultrie upon the transport Star of the West, when on the morning ot the 9th of January, 1861, she was approaching Fort Sum ter with re-enforcements and provisions. The first fire on Sumter was April 12. Sister-in-law— E. J. G., City. The law of England says a. man may neither marry his sister nor his deceased wife's sister, for both are related to' him in the second degree, nor his sister's daughter, nor his deceased wife's: sister's daughter, for botn are related to him in the third degree, Lord Houghton on the stn of May, 1879, moved to a second reading a bill to legalize marriage with a deceased wife's sister, in which the Prince of Wales in present ing a petition from Norfolk signified his ap proval. The Bishop of London and Lord Cran brook opposp.d the second reading of the bill, and Lord Houghton's motion was lost by a vote of 101 to 81. The Prince of Wales, the Duke of Edinburgh and the Bishop of Ripon voted for the motion and fourteen Bishops voted against It." :-•" -■•'-•' Expenses of the Park— S., City. The re port of the Park Commissioners for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1895, shows that receipts from all sources were $229,051 14, and the disbursements $228,643 24, of which $114, --259 65 was on construction account, $108. --683 59 was on maintenance account, and $5700 salaries of superintendent and secre tary. The following is the monthly salary-roll as it appears in the Blue Book of California: Superintendent, $350 a month: secretary, $125; foreman of construction. $125 ; foreman of grounds, at the rate of $4 a day; second foreman of grounds, $3 50 a day; foreman of nursery, $3 a day; foreman of conservatory, $3 a day; four foremen of grounds, $3 a day each; two foremen of grounds, $2 50 a day each; carpenter, $3 40 a day; carpenter, $3 a day; painter and blacksmith, each $3 a day; six policemen, $80 a month each; eight police men, $75 a month each; engineer, $100 a month; curator of museum, $100 a month; taxidermist, $60 a month; guard, $60 a month; la borers, about 200 at $2 a day. Total number of employes, 225. No record is kept of the nationalities of the employes. P., -. : Barry's Star With Supplement. "Old Pard" Bassett on the judicial arm and railroad methods. Sham reformers flagellated. Bigoted Brown's baseness. "Origin and Re sults cf Landlordism in England," by Hon, Joseph Leggeit. Other live articles. * Stout people have a greater chance of long life than thin ones. (-fecial Information daily to manufacturer*. business houses and public men by the Pre** Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery. * Miss Old un (playfully)— l'm older than you think I am. Miss Caustique— doubt it.— London Tit-Bits. j At this season a good blood medicine is needed to give—strength and a feeling of health and vigor to the whole system. To do this nothing equals Hood's Sarsaparilla. Try it. "Brown's Bronchial Troches" . are tin equaled for clearing the voice. Public speaker} and singers the world over use them. The most efficacious stimulant to excite the appetite are Br. Siegert's Angostura Bitters. Be ware of counterfeits. Keep looking young and save your hair, its color and beauty with Parker's Hair Balsam. Pa brer's ginger Tonic the best cough cure. To reduce your weight, use Vrettos' Belt. NEW TO-DAY. reaTestate FOR SALE BY Tlios. Magee & Sons; REAL ESTATE AGENTS And Publishers "Real Estate Circular." 4 Montgomery Street, CUM TRUST BIILDIXG, COMER MARKET. PAYING BUSINESS INVESTMENTS. Washington St., nr. Battery; double front: 40x 120, with substantial brick building, renting lor 8240; $35,000. Rents $'ii6B; price $28,000; Clay st., nr. San- some; large lot and building. Sacramento st.; rents $100; $10,000: between Kearny and Dupont; rented to Chinese firm who have been there nearly 20 years: lot 25x137:6, and good 2-«»tory and basement; brick. $27,500— Bents Bl7s; Taylor St., bet. Post and Sutter; boarding-house; 42 rooms: large"lot. Sutter >-t., >*. side, bet. Mason and Taylor: 22 -6x 80 to rear alley, and fine 3-storv dwelling; 18 rooms: in good order; rents $100; underlease: $17,000. " ■ -■ - Geary-st. corner; 28 feet front; rents $123; nr. Taylor st. ' lor.rth-st. corner renting for $225 : $35,000. Bents $486 60; corner Geary and Barkin: 120x 120; 2 comers covered with stores and dwellings Make offer; Eliis-st. corner; rents $274 50 ; $30 000: 90x125; covered with « 2-story dwellings and 9 flats: both streets In good order; must be sold to close an estate. ..... Polk-st. corner; 30 feet front: good store and business corner; new building; rents $160: 2 ten- ants: $28,600. WESTERN ADDITION — 85000 TO 810,000. Octavia St., west side, bet. Broadway and Va- llejo; 25x112:6 and 2-story 8 rooms In very good order; flne view of bay; street bituminized: only $6000: easy terms. . $6000— Very fine house and lot 25x100, McAl- lister, near Baker; very easy terms; only $1500 cash. . Clay St.. bet. Scott and Devisadero: flats well built and cost $4 00; rents $57 60; and lot 25x125- -$6500; fine neighborhood. Octavia st. and Hickory ave. corner and 2-story and basement house in good order: bet. Oak and Fell: $5125. Clay st., X. side, bet. Fillmore and Steiner; 25x 102 and good 2-story of 7 rooms and modern con- veniences: $5000. Sacramento st., bet. Broderick and Baker: 27:6 x127:8 and very fine 2-story: well finished In nat- ural wood: finely papered and frescoed; 8 rooms and modern conveniences; only $7175; street in order: cable-cars pass. Ashbury st., near Waller: In the best block; tine new flats, which cost $4500, and lot 27:4x106; street in order; $6800; $1500 cash, balance at liy. percent. Post st., bet. Polk and Van Ness; 37:6x120 to l^?. r reet ana very 600d 2-story residence: $10,000. LOTS- 81200 TO 83500. Fifteenth st., N. side, 1 block from Market; 25x115; $1600. * Very cheap; $2250; Oak st., facing the park: near Ashbury st. ; 25x100. ' ™,\ e . ry cheap: Tot 37:6x96:3; on Lagnna, near W aller: 1 block from Market St.; only $3750. $3000— Steiner St.. W. side, bet. " Pacific and Broadway; 27:6x110: street work done; flne view Broadway, near Fillmore St.; 25x127:8, $3125. or any size: good view. Elchteenth st., bet. Sanchez and Noe; 25x114- -$l2OO. ' "" JLli *. ffi ffc ___, If *%/■ m%\ special X Lsn . Saturday, Jan. 25th. To-day only. J « Ladies' Kangaroo Button iff Shoes, strong but neat, all Ll the go, 2-V to 7, worth $2™; \w, to introduce 'em $1.35. //I Watch for Smith's Weekly Specials IH In to-morrow's Call. * " Smiths' Cash Store, *•*-« 41 4, 416, 418 FRONT ST, S. F.