General of Cuba, sailed from this port to
day for Havana, together with a cavalry
force of 1000.
A large crowd witnessed the embarka
tion of the general and the troops. They
were enthusiastically cheered.
VICTORIES F O li IXB VR G EX TS.
Several Engagements in Which the
Spanish. Met Defeat.
SANTIAGO DE CUBA, Cuba, Jan. 18
(via Key West, Fla., Jan. 25). 1n the en
gagement that took place on the lltti inst.
on the sugar estate Las Chilvas, near San
Luis, between a Spanish column 800 in
number under Colonel Sandoval and 400
rebels under Colonels Sanchez and Deme
trio Castillo, the Spaniards had nine killed
and pity-four wounded.
. The rebel loss was three killed and
eleven wounded. The rebels captured
fifty-eight mules laden with ammunition
andprovisions. On the 16th inst. General
Pando left this city on board the steamer
B. Estenger with 400 soldiers. He re
turned the same evening from Aserradero,
where twenty-one soldiers were wounded
by the rebels, who fired at the steamer
from the sea beach while she was trying to
On tue 17th mst. fifty soldier.* of the Bat
talion Luchaua leit San Jose, Guantauamo,
to protect the men rriiiding cane on the
sugar estate ;it Soledad. They were sud
denly attacked w;sh machetes by a rebel
party of 10y men under Captain Wilson of
Periquito Perez's forces.
Aiter a severe tight the Spaniards ran
away in preat confusion, leaving ten killed
and twenty-four wounded. The insurgents
■ killed and six wounded.
"o are so many soldiers sick in
Guantanarao that the hospital is crowded
and they have brought some here.
of Generaf Pando's
I ara and Holguin have been the
imprisonment of several prominent per
sons. In Holguin they arrested the whole
family of Jose Ramon Manduley, cotu
posed iher, mother, four daugh
ters and three sons, who have all been
exiled from the country, as well as Dr.
v.in Zuyas, Felix Hernandez and
On the 11th i:..<t. 000 insurgents under
Kabi a::d Lora had an engagement with a
Spanish column 1500 strong, under Gen
eral Gasco at Cacao. Twenty Spaniards
killed and ninety-four injured. Nine
Spaniards deserted and joined the rebels.
The insnrg< nts had five killed and sixteen
wonnded. They captured fifteen Mausers,
thirty Remington rilles and (5000 rounds of
< : SORSHII' OF CABLES.
Xo P -ftrenc- in Military Bfni nwwfl I'er-
uiitttd to Pass.
HAVANA, Clba, Jan. 25.— The censor
ship of foreien cables is far more strict
than ever before. The new censor's orders
are to allow nothing to go creditable to the
insurgents or di.-creditable to the Spanish
troops, nor any reference to military move
Matter permitted to pass by his prede
cessor is stopped. No reference to the
gravity of the situation is allowed. News
published i:i Havana papers is not per
mitted to be sent abroad.
The Cubans disbelieve the report that
Gome/: was shot through the leg last Fri
day, and say he has beer, in the Saddle
daily since. The only information comes
from prisoners' statements.
Some portion of Gomez's people yester
day attempted to crns 3 the railroad be
tween Havana and Batabano, which is
now a military trocha. There are heuvily
fortiliec funs at all stations and ironclad
cars at other points. I lie line was recentiv
strcii^tUene-1 for the purpose of keeping
Maceo in the vest and Gomez in the east.
The situation in tinar del Rio Province
is grave. Nearly all the towns have been
invaded an J few troops are in the prov
ince. The capital is practically surrounded
and food is scarre. Convoys have been
captured and the escort driven back to the
city. Forts and barricades are being
erected for defense in case of an attack.
The*esiueiits of tne interior are fleeing
to the coast. The exodus of Cubans from
Havana continues, largely due to fear of
extreme measures upon the arrival of
•icueral Pando has uot taken charge of
general tield operations, but has pone di
rect by steamer to Santiago to resume
command of the eastern district.
The rebels' eastern columns have not
reached Gomez, but are expected daily.'
There is some talk of a battle after re
union, but it is doubted. The work of
constructing a circle of blockhouses in the
rear of Havana is being pushed, thoueh no
attack is expected. is the only es
tate grinding sugar in the entire island.
THE ST. PAUL,
I ' ji-ij m First Page.
let fro her anchor and lay anchored until
9 o'clock, when she started on her way
home. During t!ie time that she lay at
anchor Captain Walker says he saw sig
nals and rockets, but did not know that
they were being sent because of the St.
Paul's having gone ashore. On their way
up the stranded vessel was plainly in view
and the cause of the signaling became
evident to the officers of the Cunarder.
Captain Jamison wa9 interviewed this
evening and asked if he thought the ship
had run aground through any negligence
on the part of her officers or the pilot. He
absolutely refused to make any reply to
this question, but stated that he was on
the bridge at the time the steamer struck,
aud that the ship was in charge of a pilot,'
consequently the accident could not be
laid at his door.
"The steamship," he said, "was going at
the rate of about three knots an hour, and
during the greater part of the night sound
ings were made. Just before she struck
the leal gave a sounding of seventeen
The captain also stated that he had
made a thorough investigation of the ves
sel's compartments and could find abso
lutely no trace of a leak.
Clement A. Griscom Jr. of the Ameri
can line declares that there was a race. •
A herculean attempt to get the big
ship off is to be made at high tide to
morrow morning at 3:30 o'clock. Every
available tug will be usea, and if the liner
is not pulled out of her sandy bed at that
time, then, the knowing ones say, there is
little hope for her.
1 ull Inland Halts.
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 25. -The board
of managers of the Joint Traffic Associ
ation has decided that full inland rates
must be exacted by the railroads for car
rying import business the same as for car
rying business originating in this country.
The steamship lines may bill consign
ments through, but any cms in rates must
be deducted from their share of the charges.
The regulations of the Interstate Com
merce Commission make no distinction
bttwesn import and domestic business.
Struggling to Repeal «he
FIGHTING FOR REFORM.
Lawmakers Will Attempt to
Undo Harm Done at Pre
POWER OF DEMOCRATS GONE.
Senator Goebel, However, Is Deter
mined to Champion the Inter
ests of the People.
FRANKFORT, Kv., Jan. 25.— The State
low of Kentucky gives the Legislature
power to repeal all charters that are not
specially described as perpetual. Hence
the charter of the Southern Pacific Com
pany may be repealed, as it was not made
perpetual. It is the general impression
here that it will be repealed when a vote is
taken. Senator Goebel's bill is as follows:
"Senate bill No. 77. — An act to repeal an
act entitled 'An act to incorporate the
Southern Pacific Company,' approved
March 17, I^S4, and the amendments
thereto, entitled 'An act to amend an act
to incorporate the Southern Pacific Com
pany,' approved March 17, 1884, which
amendatory act v.as approved March 21,
LBBB. Be it enacted.by the General Assem
bly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky:
"That an act^ntitled 'An act to incor
porate the Southern Pacific Company,'ap
proved March 17, 1884, and the amend
ment thereto, entitled 'An ace to amend
an act to incorporate the Southern Pacific
Company, approved March 17, ISS4, which
amendatory act was approved March 21,
1833, be and the same are hereby repealed."
Senator Goebel's bill has not yet reached
the committee to which it was referred.
The bill has not been discussed by any of
the Senators so far as known, and it is be
lieved it will be some time before it will
The Legislature of Kentucky for the ses
sion of 1883-84 was peculiarly suited to the
purposes of those who wanted any es
pecial privileges, and they were not at all j
modest in doing whatever they were asked;
provided the "argument" was strong
enough. It was the year of a memorable
contest over the election of a United
States Senator, and charges of bribery
were so openly made that the Legislature :
appointed an investigating committee, !
which was, however, a farce. A few good >'
men did all in their power to stem the i
tide of corruption, but were practically
Many bills conferring extraordinary and
unheard-of privileges were passed, on the
principle of "I tictle you and you tickle
me," or for a more evident consideration.;
The session began January 15 and ended |
April 15, 1884, and during that time there <
were passed 1632 public acts (so called,
many of them), 74 resolutions and ?!>!»
local and private acts. Among this latter \
number was the act to incorporate the i
Southern Pacific Company. The bill was
introduced and looked after in the House '
by a well-known member from the city of
Louisville who from experience in such
matters in former legislatures was well I
fitted for the work. The situation was
carefully watched, and when the oppor
tunity came the bill was railroaded
through, and with the approval of a Gov- I
ernor not given to scrutinizing such things
too closely it became a law, as many other
bills of like character at that session, with
out one-third of the raembers being aware !
of its real force and character.
The work of this Legislature more than
any other called public attention to the
abuses of the "private act" provision in
the old constitution and gave a new aud !
vigorous impetus to the demands for a \
new constitution. It saddled many out
rageous charters and acts on the people of
Kentucky for the benefit of individuals
and private corporations, and in obedience
to the almost unanimous popular voice i
the new constitution provided for undoing I
the harm, and the work has been steadily
going on since its adoption.
The private act abuße began directly
after the war and increased year by year
till 1884, when, in obedience to public out
cry, it began to decline. The Legislature I
of 1894 passed 114 public acts and no pri- |
vate ones at all. The disposition of the
people of Kentucky is to wipe out entirely
the nefarious work of past corrupt legisla
tion, and much will be done in this way
by this present Legislature.
For the first time since the war the
Democrats have lost their power. The
Republicans practically tie them and have
the Governor, and they will do all they
can to repeal the many obnoxious acts of
their opponents, who held the power so
Tuough Senator Goebel ia a stanch Dem
ocrat and on party questions ia always
with his party, on non-partisan questions
be is always to be found on the side of the
best interests of the people.
In ISB6, when their own members failed j
them, he championed the cause of the citi
zens of Louisville in their light against the '
gamblers' ring and succeeded in making I
gambling a felony. Later he took active j
interest in other measures looking to re- \
form the administrative and other abuses
in that city, and with success. He was
foremost in aiding them in their great
fight in 1890-91 against the fifty-year ex
tension of the gas company's charter.
He is able, earnest and honest, and other
things not considered, will be able to
carry the best part of the Legislature with
him in his efforts to repeal the charter of
the Southern Pacific Company, but as is
well known this company operates several
lines in Kentucky and it, as well as the
Louisville and Nashville, maintains an
aggressive lobby at Frankfort during every
session of the Legislature, no effort will
be spared to defeat Goebel's bill. Just
what effect the Senatorial contest will
have on this it. is hard to say, but it is not |
generally regarded as having any bearing ;
DEMOCRATS Of MISSOURI.
Delegate* to the Convention to lie Pledged
for free Silver.
EXCELSIOR SPRINGS, Mo., Jan. 25.—
The members of the Democratic State Cen
tral Committee together with nearly every
leader of the party throughout the State
met here this morning. It was nearly
noon when Chairman C. C. Maffitt called
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL,, SUNDAY, JANUARY 26, 1896.
\ the committee to order, and stated that
I the object of the meeting was to call a
| State convention to select delegates to the
! National convention and receive the rep
| port of the snb-committee appointed to
prepare a plan for State organization.
The plan agreed upon provides for an or
ganization in every school district in the
| State by the Democrats of that district.
Hon. J. W. Farrisof Lebanon stated that
it was the purpose of the free silver Demo
crats to call an early State convention,
and blaze the way for Democrats in other
States by adopting a platform straight
forward for free silver. To that end he
moved that the State convention for the
selection of delegates to the National
Democratic Convention be held April 15.
This was carried unanimously. Two
ballots were then had for the location of
the convention, and Sedalia was chosen.
Judging from the tone of to-day's meet
ing there is no doubt that the delegates to
the National convention will go unin
structed except as to free silver.
WILL COST MVCIZ MONEY.
A. Politician IHscusses the Chances of
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 25.— "1f Gover
nor Morton will go into this campaign for
the Presidential nomination prepared, to
blow his own trumpet in every part of the
country he will soon be the leading candi
date. It will cost him a lot of money, but
it. will make him President of the United
States — if the Republican votes win the
day." These are the precise words of a
prominent politician who has just re
turned irom a tour of the West and South.
But much more than this, he is one of the
managers of a rival candidate.
Charges have been made by the Reed
men in the South that McKinley's friends
have spent $100,000 there within the last
few months, and counter-charges have
been preferred by the Ohio man's friends
that the managers of his Maine rivai have
flooded the South with money. The Reed
men say that the MxKiniey men spent
$40,000 in Louisiana alone to control the
delegation, and the followers of the
champion of protection say that the Reed
supporters in the South were subsidized.
No charges that Governor Morton's "bar
rel" was on "tap" for votes has come from \
the South, nor has Senator Allison's can- |
didacy been mixed in such charges.
FIGHTIXG If OR STATEHOOD.
Ex- Governor Murphy Says Arizona Will
NEW YORK, N.Y., Jan. 25.— Nathan O.
Murphy, Territorial delegate from Arizona,
was at the Holland House yesterday. He
has been Governor of Arizona and is just
at present engaged in an aggressive light
to secure the admission of that Territory
as a State into the Union.
He believes that Arizona will win and
will be admitted. He says that the popu
lation and wealth of the Territory are
large enough to entitle it to admission and
that the only opposition is on the part of
those who fear the effect on money legisla
tion that will result from the admission of
more Senators from the West.
SUCH IS RITCHIE'S VIEW.
Say Grover Cleveland Would Make a
Good War President.
CINCINNATI, Ohio, Jan. 25. — Hon.
Walter B. Ritchie of Lima, Senator Brice'a
right-hand man, is in the city. Asked who
he thought the Democrats would nomi
note for President next July at Chicago,
"I do not know ; could not even make a
good guess. But I will say that if this war
cry continues, Grover Cleveland will be the
nominee, sure, and if the war clouds still
continue to thicken, nothing can prevent
his election. He has the stuff in him for a
war President. Nobody will doubt that."
The Kentucky Iteadlock.
FRANKFORT, Ky., Jan. 25.— The two
houses met in joint assembly at noon for
the tourtn joint ballot for Senator. Tnere
is no prospect at the present time of break
ing tue deadlock. The ballot was as fol
lows: Hunter Gti, Blackburn 57, scattering
11. No choice.
BURNED A COURT HOUSE.
Arrest of One of the Participants
in a Daring Crime in
Helped Out a Relative in Destroying
Ballots and Evidence of a
LINCOLN, Nebr., Jan. 25.— The police
to-day arrested William Myers, a yonng
man who has been frequenting the Lincoln
gambling houses. To-day it developed
that the charge against him was that of
burning the Hamilton County Courthouse
at Aurora, the day after election, the
Grand Jury at Aurora having indicted him
Myers was turned over to the Hamilton
County Sheriff to-day, and that official
later in the day on similar indictments
arrested Peter Farney and Peter Farney
Jr. The elder Farney ia ex-County Treas
urer, and he and Myers are relatives. The
charge is that they burned the court
house for the double purpose of destroying
the ballots showing Farney's defeat for re
election and to cover a shortage in his ac
counts of which he was convicted last
MARSHAL AIX'S REMOVAL.
Culmination of the Charges Against the
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 25.— A Herald
special from Washington says: In sum
marily removing from office yesterday
United States Marshal Nix of Oklahoma,
the President acted more promptly than
he has done since the beginning of the ad
There have been charges pending against
the Marshal after the fashion of the charges
which are pending against aiJ public of
ficials in Oklahoma. Two special examin
ers of the Department of Justice were sent
into the Territory about the Ist of Jan
uary. The charges ran the whole gamut
of crimes of which such an oilicer might
be guilty, beginning with useless and arbi
trary arrests and ending with an accusa
tion that the Marshal was engaged in
shaving the pay warrants of his deputies
at a great profit.
The report of the examiners reached tne
department Thursday, and was wholly ad
verse to the oflicer under investigation, so
much so as to prompt the President and
the Attorney-General to immediate action.
Telegrams were received from Nix asking
that judgment be suspended until he
could have a hearing, but no attention
was paid to them. Patrick Nagle, one of
the best known lawyers of the Territory,
was selected as his successor and his nomi
nation at once sent to the Senate.
Morphine Caused Her Death.
NEW YORK, N. Y M Jan. 25.-Very Free
man. 30 years of age, an actress, was found
dead in her room at the Hotel Pomeroy,
Broadway and Fifty-ninth street, this
morning. She died of morphine poison
ing, of which she is believed to have
taken an overdose fcr the purpote of in
Germany Awaits Develop
ments in the Russo-
THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE.
There Is Great Speculation as to
Whether It Will Be
MONETARY CONDITIONS FIGURE.
Impoverished Condition of the Sultan's
Treasury Plays a Part in the
BERLIN, Germany, Jan. 25.— Despite
the affectation of incredulity which per
vades the Foreign Oftice in regard to the
alleged agreement between Russia and
Turkey, concluding a treaty which ce
ments the two empires in an offensive and
defensive alliance, tne popular belief
grows that the convention is an accom
News received from Vienna upon this
subject from semi-official authorities has
had the effect to greatly weaken the
power of the official denials of the story,
which have been put forth most assidu
ously within fhe past twenty-four hours.
The Vienna advices have also led to ad
missions of the fact that an entente of
some kind has beeu entered into between
the Sultan and the Czar is not at all im
probable. As a matter of fact the diplo
matic circle here credits M. Xelidoff,
the Russian Embassador to Turkey, with
having achieved a grand coup under the
noses of the English and Austrian Em
bassadors, though both of the latter were
known to have been watching the Russian
diplomat, having had good reason to sus
pect that Russia was playing her own
game while pretending to act in concert
with the other powers.
In the early part of the week reports
were in circulation that Turkish orders had
been placed for large purchases of arms
and other munitions of war with German
firms. These rumors awakened the atten
tion of the German public to the fact that
previous negotiations of the same character
had collapsed, owing to the fact that the
Porte was unable to give drafts for the
amounts which would cover the purchases,
and it was generally believed that the re
ports were unfounded.
This time, however, the public has been
fooled. The contractor, it is true, made
another refusal to deliver the goods with
out a cash equivalent or adeqiiate security,
but they were astounded by receiving
drafts on account on Constantinople banks,
together with the assurance from the
agents of the German Government in Con
stantinople that not only would the bal
ance be paid, but that additional orders
were impending, the payment of which
would be guaranteed. As the financial
embarrassment of the Turkish Govern
ment is well known, it is reasoned that
Russian monetary assistance is a part o
the compact between the two powers.
The correspondent of the Cologne Ga
zette in Constantinople telegraphs to his
paper that the public treasuries of Turkey
are empty and that the officials and sol
diers, even to the highest rank, who have
been called out to proceed against the Ar
menians, have for a long time past been un
paid, it being absolutely true that they
have not had a penny for months. For
many weeks, too, the authorized purvey
ors to the army have stopped furnishing
supplies to the soldiers, who are in a
starving condition, to alleviate which they
have been preying upon the people. In
some places the troops have beset houses
at the instance of their commanders and
Under these circumstances, and many
other kindred disorders, a Russian alliance
would be more than desirable and the
forced drafts upon the people would be
certcin to cease. How an alliance between
Russia and Turkey would affect the Triple
Alliance is a matter of uneasy speculation.
Newspapers which have no official con
nection, in the meantime, ignore the bet
ter informed view that the whole situation
as regards the Dreibund is a blow to the
aspirations of Austria, and agree that the
subject is a delicate one to handle.
Some of these papers pursue the line of
the Hamburger Nachrichten, Prince Bis
marck's organ, that the interests of Ger
many are not being immediately affected
and the Government must await develop
ments before interfering.
It is certain that the Berlin Government
cannot be expected, even by the most in
terested of its allies, to tatte the initiative
in demanding that Russia shall explain
when the existence of the alleged treaty is
verified. The situation as it now stands
will involve the denunciation of the inter
national stipulations of the treaty of Paris
concluded in 1856 and renewed later
in tue Berlin Congress. This may finally
set Europe aflame, whereupon there will
ba a long pause which will be devoted to
active diplomacy. After that, what ?
The scandalous exchange of abuse be
tween Dr. Barth ana Herr yon Kardoff in
the Reichstag, Thursday, continues to be
the talk of the lobbies of the Representa
tive House. A duel between the two was
expected, but the Presidents and Vice-
Presidents of the Chamber intervened and
that phase of the quarrel was stopped.
The quarrel really owed its climax to the
fact that Baron yon Buol-Berenberg, Presi
dent of the Reichstag, who was in the
chair afc the time, is deaf, which fact pre
vented him from hearing the wordy war
between the two, and consequently he did
not catch the full meaning of the exchange
of words, which began with an insulting
remark by Herr Kardoff, who directed his
words in the form of a rebuke to Dr. Barth.
The latter's response, though harsh, was
fully justified, and the judgment of the
house was with him. With the exception
of this episode the proceedings of the
Reichstag were rather slow.
Yesterday, during the sitting of the
Reichstag, Dr. Bacliem, one of the Centrist
leaders, accused the Government of having
hindered the Catholic officials in their
work of assisting at the funeral functions
upon the occasion of the burial of Cardinal
Melchers. In the course of his speech Dr.
Bachein gave other instances of a similar
discrimination against Catholics on the
part of the Government officers, whereupon
Dr. Miquel, Prussian Minister of Finance,
replied that no distinction was made in
the treatment of Catholic or Protestant
officials or others connected with religious
bodies. Cathoiics, he declared, had not
been forbidden to take part in an unofficial
capacity in the obsequies of the Cardinal
Melchers or other funerals.
In tne course of the debate upon this
question which ensued the Conservative
speakers were called upon to defend the
laxity upon the part of the Government
in prosecuting Baron yon Hammerstein,
the absconding ex-editor, of the Kreuz
Zeitung, who was recently'arrested by the
German police in Athens and is now in
Italy awaiting extradition to Germany.
Three gentlemen declared that the prose
cution of Hammerstein had been delayed
because the proofs of his guilt had not
been sufficient until after his flight.
In the Reichstag to-day the Socialists
introduced a resolution which was the
subject of a lively debate to reduce the age
limit entitling persons to old-age annuity
from 70 to 60, and also to increase the
allowance to invalids. Dr. yon Boetticher,
vice-president of the Imperial Council,
etc., said that the Government would be
delighted to give workmen a larger degree
But such a thing was a financial impos
sibility. The proposals as they now stand,
he said, meant an additional expenditure
of 75,000,000 marks a year. The Socialists
replied to Dr. yon Boetticher with jeers,
the burden of their remarks being directed
toward the naval and other expenditures
proposed by the Government.
Baron yon Stumm accused the Social
ists of greediness, declaring that it was
their desire to seize the revenues of the
nation, while at the same time they were
opposed to the projects of the Govern
ment which arrived at the increase of pub
lic revenue. It was a remarkable fact, he
said, that the whole of the workman's in
surance legislation which had been en
acted had been passed by the hated em
ployers and so-called "exploiters" against
the opposition of the Socialists. If the
Socialists had their way, he said, the
workingmen of Germany would be now
receiving nothing. The sense of the Cham
ber was against the motion.
It is said, upon good authority, that the
Emperor, in conversation with a guest at
dinner in the castle Thursday evening, ex
pressed his opinion that the island of Cuba
was lost to Spain. The best course for
Spain to take, the Kaiser is alleged to have
said, would be to come to some sort of
arrangement with the United States
whereby she could obtain some substantial
return for the cession of the island, but he
was of the notion that it was probably too
late for even such transaction as that now.
The Berlin Fencing Club was inaugurated
on Wednesday, Charles de Kay, United
States Consul-General, and Lord Granville
of the British embassy, doing the hor. )rs.
There were 150 gueeta present, including
Prince Michael RadziwilJ, Hulbert Squires
and J. B. Jackson, respectively second and
first secretaries of the United States em
bassy; F. C. Zimmerman, Deputy United
States Consul-General, and a number of
German military and naval officers. Grand
Duke Charles Alexander of Saxe- Weimar
is to be elected honorary president of the
KANSAS MURDERER AT BAY
For Five Hours He Stands Off
a Party of Pursuing
One of Them Wounded and the
Desperado Finally Escapes
"WICHITA, Kaxs., Jan. 23.— After a
hard chase and desperate resistance the
murderer of Howard Roberts of Isabella
was captured by the vigilance committee,
who kept on his track for thirty miles in
Cedar Canyon in the Gyp Hills. For five
hours he kept the vicilantes from ap
proaching nearer than 100 yards, and one
man was wounded, but not fatally. The
attacking party decided to adopt the
tactics of Indian-fighters, and the mur
derer fell into the trap and was taken.
The men had intended to hang their man
to the first tree, but calmer council
prevailed. The vigilantes took their
prisoner to Vilas and surrendered him to
the officers. Afterward they learned that
Mrs. Roberts, the victim's mother, who is
in a delicate condition, was lying at the
point of death as a result of the tragedy,
and becoming enraged started out to take
the murderer from the officers with the
avowed intention of lynching him. The
officers spirited their prisoner away into
Biaine County. It is thought he is the
notorious Rattlesnake Bill.
THRILLING COURT SCENE.
A Woman's Frantic Effort to
Save Her Husband's
Charged Herself With the Murder,
but Her Words Were of
CHICAGO, 111., Jan. 25.— There was a
sensational scene in the Criminal Court to
day when John Oram was called up to say
why sentence of death should not be im
posed upon him for the murder of Joseph
Conlan. As Oram arose his wife sprang to
her feet and cried: "I killed that man.
My husband is not guilty. He shall not
suffer for my crime." The courtroom was
instantly in an uproar. When quiet was
restored the prisoner asked time to con
sider, which was granted him, and he
then pleaded guilty and was sentenced to
imprisonment for life. Mrs. Oram told
the Judge that she committed the murder,
but that her husband's lawyers would not
allow her to testify. The Judge told her
her testimony would be of no avail, as her
previous contradictions would disprove it.
She then fainted repeatedly.
BEFOJRM IX" CHICAGO.
An Effort to Divorce Politic* From Mv-
CHICAGO, 111., Jan. 25.— At a repre
sentative municipal reform meeting to-day
the committee of iifteen, to whom had been
intrusted by the original meeting the task
of considering and presenting a report
recommending the best course to pursue
to divorce politics from municipal affairs,
reported in favor of appointing a central
body of 100 citizens in sympathy with the
movement, who shall have charge of the
detailed work and act independently of
both of the old parties. The plan is based
on the independent reform movement
which was successful in defeating Tam
many in New York City. The report was
accepted and the committee of fifteen will
select the 100 men. The municipal party
will enter the field for every office in city,
town and county, from constable to Mayot
Was a Celebrated Painter
and Head of the Royal
NOTED CAREER IN ART.
From Boyhood He Displayed a
Great Passion for the.
HONORED AT HOME AND ABROAD
At the Beginning of the Year He Was
Elevated to the Peerage of
LONDON. Eng., Jan. 25.— The Globe an
nounces the death of Sir Frederick Leigh
ton, the celebrated painter and president
of the Royal Academy. He suffered from
a chill this mornine, followed by a serious
affection of the heart, which resulted
Frederick Leighton, Bart., P.R.A.,
LL.D., D.C.L., was born at Scarborough,
December 3, 1830, and from childhood
evinced a strong passion for painting.
Thi3 his parents encouraged, and gave
him every opportunity for gratifying it.
They opposed, however, for a few years,
his desire to study art for the purpose of
making it a profession.
His first systematic instructions in draw
ing were received in Rome in the winter
of 1842-43, from a painter named Felippo
Meli. In 1842^3 he entered, as a student,
the Royal Academy of Berlin. Then fol
lowed a withdrawal from art for a year,
during which the embryo painter was re
ceiving his general education at a school
at Frankfort-on-Main. The winter of
1845-46 was spent at Florence, and here it
was that the father at last yielded to the
son's desire to embrace painting as a pro
Some of tbe young student's drawings
were submitted to the ceiebrated Ameri
can sculptor, Hiram Powers, a.nd the
father promised that his decision should
depend on the results of his interview
with the sculptor. The estimate formed
by Powers of the drawings being highly
favorable, the youthful Leighton waa
permitted from that day forward to devote
the whole of his time to painting.
During part of the time, from 1846 to
1848, he studied in the Academy of Frank
fort-on-Main. The winter of 1848-49 he
passed in Brussels, and painted his first
finished picture, which represented a story
of Cimabue finding Giotto drawing in the
fields. The succeeding tweh'e months he
spent in Paris, copying iv the Louvre, and
attending a life school. Thence he re
turned to Frankfort, where he became,
and continued till the early part of 1853, a
pupil of E. Steinle of Vienna (one ot tho
followers of Overbeck), professor of his
torical paintings at the academy of that
During this period several pictures were
painted by Lord Leighton, among others
a large one of "The Death of Brunel
Tbe whole of three winter seasons were
next passed in Home in diligent study and
in painting a large picture of "Cimabue,"
representing the procession (consisting of
the picture of Cimabue, his scholars and
principal Florence contemporaries), which
is said to have accompanied Cimabue's pic
ture of the Madonna, with great honor
and rejoicing, through the streets of Flo
rence to the church of Santa Maria No
vella. The exhibition of this work by
Lord Leighton at the Royal Academy in
1855 was a great surprise to tne London
public, coming as it did from an artist un
known in England. It was at once pur
chased by the Queen and re-exhibited at
the Manchester Art Treasures and the In
During four years after this early and
great success the artist resided in Paris,
studying, however, under no master,
though aided by the counsel of Ary Schef
fer, Pvobert Fleury and other French
He was chosen president of tbe Royal
Academy in succession to the late Sir
Francis Grant November 13, 1878, and a
few days later received the honor of
knighthood. He was a member of several
foreign artistic societies, and at the Paris
Exhibition of 1878 was nominated presi
dent of the International Jury of Painting.
In 1888 he was elected a member of the So
ciety of Painters in Water Colors.
Sir F. Leighton was elevated to tbe peer
age in the Queen's distribution of New
Year's honors at the beginning of 1896 and
assumed the title of Lord Leighton.
WRECKED NEAR RIVERTOH.
Disaster to a Raymond & Whitcomb Ex
cursion Train on the Shenandoah
ROANOKE, Va., Jan. 25.— A section of
Raymond & Whitcomb's excursion train
coming south on the Shenandoiib. Valley
Railway was wrecked at 10 o'clock last
night near Riverton.
Two Pullman cars and a baggage-car
were burned. A colored porter named
Phillips waa instantly killed. Engineer
Long and Fireman Pouper were severely
injured. The passengers escaped without
injury. The wreck was caused by the fall
of a mass of rock across the track.
Taken 111 on the Train.
CHICAGO, 111., Jan. 25.-Ex-Lieuten
ant-Governor Sir Joseph Trutch of British
Columbia was taken ill on the train while
traveling from Victoria to London in re
Nervous women, with aching heads and
weary limbs, will find a course of Hood's
Sarsaparilla give» pure blood, a good ap-
petite and renewed strength.
Is the One True Blood Purifier. All druggists, $1.
Hftnrl *<I Pi lie ftct harmoniously .'. with
1 1OOU § flllS Hood's Saraaparilla. 1
sponse to a summons from her Majesty to
be informed on certain subject", and was
removed to the Auditorium Hotel when
the train arrived here. The house physi
cian says Sir Joseph will be able to con
tinue his journey in a few day 3.
APPLICATION FOR A COADJUTOR.
Bishop Hogan to Have an Assistant Who
Will Succeed Him in Case of
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Jan. 25.—Appli
cation has been sent to Pope Leo at Rome
for a coadjutor for thi3 Catholic diocese.
The coadjutor will be an assistant to
Bisbop J. J. Hogan, and will succeed him
in the event of his death or retirement.
The application for a coadjutor will un
doubtedly be granted, and it is understood
that the Rev. Father J. J. Glennon, who
had charge of the diocese during Bishop
Hogan's recent trip abroad, will be given
A meeting of the highest Catholic dig
nitaries of the St. Louis province was held
this week at the residence of Bishop
Hogan in this city for the purpose of dis
cussing the advisability of applying to
Rome for a coadjutor for Bishop Hogan.
There were present at the meeting Arch
bishop Kain of St. Louis and Bishop
Hogan of Kansas City, Mo., Bishop Fink
of Kansas City, Kan., Bishop Burke of St.
Joseph, Mo., and Bishop Hennessy of
"Wichita, Kan. The dignitaries discussed
the question in executive session, and
agreed to ask the Pope to appoint a coad
jutor. Bishop Hogan is becoming ad
vanced in years, and finds the work of
managing this diocese too exacting.
Will Xot Increase the Price.
PEORIA, 111., Jan. 25.— At a meeting of
the executive committee of the Distillers'
Association to-day it was agreed not to in
crease the price of whisky, and it will
accordingly remain at $1 22." '
Earnings of Xailroada.
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 25.-For the
first week of January eighty-four railroads
earned $5,823,758, an increase of $401,572,
and for the tecond week seventy-five roada
earned 16,265,461, an increase of $805,666.
We're drawing it mild when we say the
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hi ilVii ' '*•
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If not, come and see what it means. Wa
MUST and WILL unload our big stock.
You want shoes, we want their room.
Money is no object; we're willing to lose
considerable to sell the shoes. You'll re-
gret it if you don't come THIS WEEK.
18-20-22 FOURTH ST.
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