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VOLUME LXXIX.— NO. 144.
BARON DE HIRSCH CALLED TO REST. Close of the Career of the Noted Philanthropist and Financier. REMOVED BY APOPLEXY. By His Untiring Enterprise He Built Up a Colossal Fortune AND SPENT MUCH IN CHARITY Devoted Millions to the Cause of Co religiooists and in Establishing Colonies. VIENNA, Austria, April 21. — Baron Maurice de Hirsch, the great financier and philanthropist, vied last night on his estate at Presburg, Hungary, from a stroke of apoplexy. Baron Maurice de Hirsch, whose full name was Maurice de Hirsc'i de Gereuth, was born in Munich sixty-three years a<;o. His father was a merchant in Bavaria, who for services rendered to the State was ennobled in 1869. Young Hirsch went into business at the ape of 17, associating himself with the European banking house of Bischoff^heim & Goldschmidt. Before long his capacity as a financier became evident, his moderate patrimony soon doubled itself, and his personal in fluence was greatly increased by a matri monial alliance with Mile. Bischoffsheiru, daughter of the head of the banking house with which he was associated. He was the lirst to plan the system of nil ways leading from Buda-Pesth, in Hungary, to Varna, on the Black Sea. In 1866 the commercial collapse of M. La prand Dumonceau, which shook the money worid of Belgium to its foundations, gave him his opportunity. He secured the most valuable of the assets, including the Turk sh railways, and by his valuable manipulation of them built up, in a quarter of a century, a fortune which nearly equaled that of the Rothschilds. No man who acquired such vast riches ever used them to better purposes. His charities in Austria and Germany were innumerable, and his scheme for. trans planting his unfortunate Russian co religionists to South America cost a colossal fortune. In Egypt and European and Asiatic Turkey many schools, educa tional and industrial, were founded and maintained by the Baron. Baron de Hirsch was particularly fond of the sports of the turf, and he main- tamed large racing stables. His principal residence of late years was Paris, but a great part of his time was spent in Eng land. A newspaper correspondent who re cently visited Baron Hirsch had the fol lowing to say of the great Hebrew: "Notwithstanding bis Jewish descent, Baron Hirsch is a man of large and liberal ideas on religious matters, many members of his family bein<« Christians. Further- more, his adoption of two English chil dren, who are being brought up in the Christian religion, is sufficient proof that his unequaled liberality is not limited to his own people. For many years past he has seriously occupied himseif with the miserable condition of the poor Jews in Russia, and he determined to take all possible steps to come to their assistance. He at once entered into negotiations with the Russian Government to this effect, and proposed to devote the sum of £2,000,000 to that object. "It can easily be imagined that this offer was not lightly refused by the Rus sian authorities, bui certain stipulations imposed by the donor, though of the kind usual in similar cases, such as that the money should be vested in the hands of trustees, not being in accordance with the desire of the Russians, who wished to have the whole and sole handling of the money, Baron Hirscn was obliged to with draw his offer. He thereupon decided to take other steps, as a proof that he had no religious prejudices, by handing to the cnief of the Holy Synod a gift of £40,000 for orthodox Russian schools. "The persecution of the Jews still con tinuing in Kussia, it became necessary to find some other outlet than the United States, and he sent out a commission com The Late Baron Maurice de Hirsch de Gerenth, Noted as a Philanthropist and Financier. The San Francisco Call. posed of three competent men— an English officer of engineers, a Belgian and a Ger man—to the Argentine Republic for the purpose of reporting on the agricultural prospects of that country. Their report beinp favorable, a further important sum will be provided by tfaron Hirsch for the purpose of enabling Russian Jews to emi grate to that country, and for the purchase of land there for their benefit. "It lias been the general belief that Jews are opposed to manual labor, but Baron Hirsch assured me that this ia not so, he having had indisputable proof to the con trary, and this fact is the principal cause of his action in their favor in the A rgen tine Republic." SMALLEY AN ALARMIST. Says There Is Yet Danger of a Conflict Between England and This Country. LONDON. Ekg., April 21.— The Times will to-morrow publish a long dispatch from G. W. Smalley, its correspondent in America, whicli is devoted to dispelling the illusions that the Venezuela boundary dispute has passed a dangerous stage; that the negotiations are prospering and that the British blue book on the subject cre ated a favorable impression in the United States. Mr. Smalley says that not one of the foregoing beliefs is well founded. No agreement as to principles has been reached and negotiations are at a stand still. Nobody seems to know when or how they will be renewed or the deadlock re moved. If the American Commission draws the Venezuelan boundary adverse to Great Britain's claim the alternative stated in President Cleveland's message will have to be faced. Mr. Smalley casts the onus for this on Lord Salisbury, who rejected the proposition made by the Washington Government in February, and who does not appear to have made coun ter proposals. The dispatch dilates upon t lie reasons for prompt action, for it says the uncertainties are many and the perils grave. The Times, commenting upon the dis patch, will to-morrow say that it cannot fully share the gloomy anticipations con tained in the dispatch, although the re minder is not, perhaps, untimely. It con tends that, elsewhere in his dispatch, Mr. Smalley shows that Lord Salisbury has taken other action for opening another scheme for general arbitration, to which the Daper attaches importance. It also contends that if the general project fails, Great Britain ought to be able with prudence to resume the specific case with Venezuela. SKIRMISHES WITH MA TABELES. Thirty of the Rebellious Natives Killed by Commander Nicholson's Forces. CAPETOWN, South Africa, April 21.— A dispatch from Buluwavo dated yester day says: Commander Nicholson made an attempt to-day to bring on a general action with the Matabeies and with that view sent out iSO ni»n who the enemy. Prolonged skirmishing ensued during which thirty Matabeies were killed. The enemy did not move in force. LONDON, Eng.. April 21.— 1n the House of Commons to-day Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, Secretary of State for the Colonies, was questioned by Sir Willis A9hmead Bartlett in regard to the im portation of munitions of war and men by the Transvaal Government. Mr. Cham berlain said that doubtless munitions of war were being imported into the Trans vaal, but Great Britain was not entitled to interfere unless there should be evidence showing that the material was not in tended to be used purely for purposes of defense. The Government of the Trans vaal, he said, assured him that it had not imported any mercenary soldiers, but he thought there was no doubt that many immigrants to the Transvaal had re ceived military training and were under proscription from other countries. Typhoid ftver Incrf.nning. CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, April 21. A letier received here from Marash says that typhoid fever is increasing in that city and that botn doctors sent there are prostrated with the disease. The city itself is quiet, but the inhabitants of outly ing villages are in a state of terror and are nocking into that city. Very few persons are working in the fields. Injured by the Collision. HAMBURG, Germany, April I.— An ex amination of the German steamer Califor nia, which was in collision at this port last night with the collier Tynemouth, shows thai her damages consist of plates stove above the water line. The Tynemouth'a stern was badly injured. Korea's Diplomatic Mode. YOKOHAMA, Japan, April 21.-The envoy who had been sent to Russia by the Korean Government has not only been empowered to raise a loan of $8,000 000 but also to ask for Russian troops to guard the King's palace and reorganize the Korean army. SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 22, 1896. ANOTHER VICTIM. IT CAN'T PUSS THIS SESSION Chances That the Funding Bill Will Be Talked to Sleep. SOON TO BE SUBMITTED. Gear . and His Friends Resent the Early Submission of the Minority Report. MORGAN TOO ILL TO ATTEND. Senator White Says the Criticism Made by Bierce Is Rather Unjust. WASHINGTON, D. C, April 21.—Sena tor Morgan to-day, through Mr. Pueh, his colleague, submitted his minority report on the Pacitic railroads, as printed in The Call this morning. Morgan has taken a short trip on account of his health, which is very precarious and alarming to his friends. It is believed that Morgan's trouble must sooner or later result in death, ana it is not probable that he will be able to participate in the deliberations of the Senate at this session, if at all here after. It is understood that the reports of Gear and Powers, chairmen respectively of the Senate and House Pacific Roads commit tees, will be submitted in a day or two, or after they have received certain data from tne Treasury Department. Benator Gear and his friends resent the submission of Senator Morgan's minority report in advance of the views of .the ma jority of the Senate Pacific Roads Com mittee, for this morning when Mr. Pugh of Alabama asked that his colleague's minor ity report be printed in the Record objec tion was made, so it will be printed only in the shape of a public document. Senator White said to The Call corre spondent to-night that there was very lit ile chance for the Pacitic roads funding bill to pass the Senate at this session. "The session is very near its close," said he, and he added significantly: "This is a subject that demands thorough discussion and I apprehend that several Senators will desire to speak at considerable length." The Call correspondent understood this to mean that an attempt would be made to talk the bill to sleep. The Sena tors are very anxious to adjourn, and, as hot weather and the Presidential cam paign approach, their eagerness to get away will increase, so that, if a number of Senators show a disposition to talk against time when the funding bill comes up for consideration, it is probable that the mat ter will be allowed to go over until next session. Among those Senators who are strongly opposed to the funding bill and vho are willing to talk on the subject at length is Senator Cannon of Utah. This is a surprise, for it has been supposed that both Utah Senators, as well a3 those from New Mexico, were "railroaders." It is almost a foregone conclusion that the funding bill will not pass at this ses sion, and from the present outlook it is extremely doubtful whether the bill will pass at all. This morning's New York Journal (and presumably the San Francisco Examiner) criticizes Senator White severely for not presenting Senator Morgan's minority re port, as requested by the latter. Ambrose Bierce in his telegram charged that, although Senator Morgan some time ago requested that White read his views to the Senate (as a speech), and later requested him to present it as a minority report, Senator White for some reason neglected to do so. Mr. Bierce alleges that White was requested yesterday to present the matter us minority report l _b.ut that thja Senator, instead of dome so personally, turned it over to Senator Pugh. Senator White said to The Call corre spondent to-day: "Some time ago I was sent a copy of Senator Morgan's views and was repeat edly urged to present them to the Senate, but as Mr. Morgan was unable to be there in person I doubted the wisdom of this, however, and I stated my reason to Sena tor Morgan at his home when I called on him, viz-: that although I was heartily in accord with his views I did not deem it wise to present the speech (or report) at the time, but rather to withhold it until the matter came up for consideration in the Senate and we would need speeches, and lots of such good ones, to defeat the funding bill. I thought it best to reserve our ammunition and fire it at the enemy when it was most needed. Yesterday morning I received another request from Mr. Morgan that I present his views as a minority report. I learned that Chairman Gear's majority report had not yet been submitted, and did not like the idea of violating the custom of the Senate by pre senting a minority refort in advance of the majority views, but at the same time re luctantly agreed to do it. Subsequently I learned that Senator Pugh (Senator Mor gan's colleague) had submitted the report and had afterward withdrawn it. I did not hand the matter to Mr. Push, as corre spondent Bierce intimates, but it was brought to Mr. Pugh by Senator Morgan's son. Mr. Bierce has been misinformed. I should have offered to submit the minor ity views myself, but Senator Pugh had already performed that service. I feel that Mr. Bierce's criticism was unjust. He was naturally anxious as a newspaper man to secure the presentation of a minor ity reDort in the Senate so that his journal might score a beat, but I did not care to have him dictate to me the method of my c-pposition to the funding bill." LABOR CIRCLES AGITATED. Attempt of Socialists to Steal the Archives of the Central Union. During a Fre>for-All Fight One Mis creant Was Thrown Down Stars. OMAHA, Nebb., April 21.— Labor circles of the city are a^ain excited over what ap pears to have been a well organized plot to secure the archives of the Central Labor Union by force. To-night several members representing the Socialist element in the Central Coun cil, and who have recently been expelled from the union on charges of boodJing, made an attacK upon Secretary F. A. Ken nedy in his office, and would have beaten him severely had not assistance arrived quickly. The result of the free-for-all fight was the utter defeat of the Socialists, and one man was injured by being thrown down a flight of stairs by the janitor of the build ing. Arrests immediately followed. Search is being made for other combatants who are supposed to have left the city. Lively times are expected at the regular meeting of the union to-morrow nignt. For several meetings members have at tended armed for serious trouble. if <ifii of a Danish Statt-sman. COPENHAGEN. Denmark, April 21.— H. G. Ingersley, Minister of Public Works in the Danish Cabinet, died here to-day. DUELING DEBATED IN THE REICHSTAG Herr Bebel Denounced for His Talk of Public Scandal. NOT A PROPER JUDGE. Bitter Remarks That Caused a Great Uproar Among the Socialists. SPEAKERS OFTEN INTERRUPTED After Sharp Ta'k a Resolution Con demn ng Fights on the Field of Honor Is Adopted. BERLIN, Germany, April 21.— The anti dueling debate was resumed in the Reich stag to-day. Count Andreas yon Bern storff (Independent) declared that re course to the duel was needless, ana that the practice stood condemned by the Ger man people. Dr. yon Bennigsen, the National Liberal leader, said that he was opposed to the custom of dueling, but he did not believe that Herr Bebel, the Socialist leader, who inveighed against dueling as a "public scandal" in yesterday's debate, was a proper person to act as supreme judge of SAMPLE OF THE STREET DECORATIONS IN LOS ANGELES. the upper classes or to make a parade of moral indignation. He was the same Bebel who, after the events of 1871, eulo gized the Paris commune and now com mends the commune as an examDle to follow. The remark created an uproar, the Socialist members rising to their feet ana shouting loudly for the President to ring his bell and call ttie speaker to order, but Baron yon Buel-Berenberg, the President, remained unmoved and the uproar sub sided. Dr. yon Bennigsen, resuming, said that dueling, which had been the best source of agitation for the Socialists, had been nursed by a scandal- mongering press. The speaker was again interrupted by a Socialist uproar, led by Herr Singer. Dr. yon Bennigsen, when he was again able to be heard, maintained the truth of his declaration, and said that he had spoken of the press in general, not except ing the great journals. Herr Richter (Radical) described Dr. yon Bennigsen'a remarks as an example of diplomatic prolixity. The Government, he said, had cut a bad figure in the debate, and had created the impression that it had Christianity more upon its tongue than in its heart. Her yon der Groeben-Arenstein (Con servative) said that the sword-fights in dulged in by the students were merely a drill for theirduels in later life. Baron voti Manteuffel indorsed the prin ciple of Dr. Bachem's speech of yesterday, and protested against that expressed by Herr Bebel. He announced that Liebe recht yon Kotze had not fled the country, as had been alleged. He had surrendered himself to a Judge who gave him an ad interim leave of absence. He was ready to stand trial at any moment. Baror. yon Manteuffel sDoke attains t mixing up the dv ling nuisance with mili tarism. Duels between officers in military service were rare executions. He con cluded by demanding that severe punish ment be inflicted upon the libelers of honorable military officers. Herr Bebel retorted that if the Conser vatives desired seriously to condemn the duel they must secure the repeal of the Cabinet decree making the duel obli.a tory in the army. While the highest per son in the empire favors the duel, he said, all the endeavors of the Chamber to sup press it would be futile. The President censured Herr Bebel for criticizing an imperial decree by character izing it as unworthy of a cultured state. Herr Schall, Conservative, declared that Herr Bebel was a calumniator. The Reichstag Dy a unanimous vote adopted a resolution condemning dueling, the special motions made on behalf of the Freisinnige and Centrist parties being withdrawn. COMMEMORATION OF SHAKESPEARE President Cleveland Sends a Letter in Which He Says Some Very Nice Things. BIRMINGHAM, Exc, April 21.— The thirty-second annual Shakespeare com memoration of the Birmingham Dramatic and Literary Club was held to-night in the Grosvenor room of the Grand Hotel. About 300 guest 9 were present, among them being Embassador Bayard and Mrs. Bayard. Mr. George W. Parker, the Amer ican Consul and president of the club, oc cupied the chair. A Jetter was read by Mr. Parker from President Cleveland ac knowledging an invitation to attend the celebration. Mr. Cleveland said: "Everything that tends to keep alive the memory of Shakespeare and preserve a proper appreciation of his work chal lenges my earnest interest and approval, and though I cannot be with you on the occasion you contemplate I am glad to know that our American people will be prominently represented. There is much said and written in these days concerning the relations that should -exist, bound close by the strongest ties, between the English-speaking peoples, and concerning the high destiny that awaits them in con certed efforts. "I hope we shall never know the time when these ennobling sentiments will be less otten expressed or in the least lose their potency and influence. Surely, if English speech supplies the token of united effort for the good of mankind and the impulse of an exalted international mission, we do well to honor fittingly the name and memory of William Shakes peare." At the banquet given by the club Mr. Parker spoke to the toast, "The Immortal Memory of ' William Shakespeare." Mr. Bayard delivered a speech, in the course of which he dwelt upon literature as one of the chief buttresses of liberty and civili zation. PRICE FIVE CENTS. MASKERS INVADE THE ANGELS' CITY. Civic Rule Overthrown by the Legions of Queen Mildred. HEAVY TRIBUTE LEVIED Commercial Travelers Lead an Assault on the Business Houses. CITIZENS ARE PUT TO ROUT. La Fiesta Revelers Throng Streets and Plazas— Her Majesty Enthroned. LOS ANGELES, Cal., April 21.— A man with his arms full of rocks and with stones bulging out of his pocKets hurried around the corner of Fourth and South Spring streets. He came face to face with a hide* ous looking object in human form and be gan to hurl the missiles at the absurd fel low. The latter was one of the merry maskers in the retinue of the Fiesta Queen and the man of the rocks was oue of the citizens who attempted to resist the inva sion. Of course the citizen was overpowered and the merry carnival went on. The rocks so fiercely hurled caused no destruc tion, for they were made of paper. The citizen was an individual in the organiza tion that made pretense of defending the city; the man of the mask was merely % member of the Queen's fantastic train. The two represent the actual character o! the opening celebration. There has been opposition on the part of the Los Angeles ministers to this sort of a performance. Possibly it was thought that the display would be a little too spec tacular, that the representation of the earlier^ ages when pirate kings bad all the glory of succesful ward politicians of the present time would have a deterioating in fluence on the "advanced civilization ol this Western empire." Perhaps the Min isters 1 Association thought that the queen's merry maskers were to indulge in a mas querade ball that wou'd end in the early morning. But the truth is that the most serious and injurious revelry of the street masquerade was in the hurling of the pa pier mache rocks at the imitation face. No feature of the parade could hare shocked any minister, even if every pastor in the sunny southern land had Deen hit by the paper-constructed bowlders. The fiesta began with this parade of the masked revelers. All the bells in the city, all the locomotive whistles, all the juve nile means of commotion and thousands of joyous voices joined in the inaugural announcement at 1:30 o'clock. The din was uproarious; the city seemed as if it were in the tumult of a Fourth of July with a few college celebrations and a Cuban declaration of independence thrown in. People shouted until the horses were scared. When the noise subsided and the fiesta was begun in a manner worthy of its rollicking absurdity the parade of the afternoon was begun. Roncovieri's American Band headed the ranks that Degan the work of destruction and looting in which the fiesta officials were engaged. The Jonathan Club, tifty strong, came behind the band, clad in brown duck coats and trousers, white straw hats with white bands and white carnations, red and white streamers flying. Tan shoes and kid gloves completed the costume. The Queen's Merry Maskers, sixty strong, came in grotesque attire. The yells and discordant whistles were defeaning in the flight through the streets. There were 200 commercial men, each attired according to his own faucy. They were Judicrous in appearance and their antics could not have been imitated by m«n of any other calling. Following these were 200 or more masked and costumed men— clowns and kings, beggars and priests, jockeys and dancers— but there was nothing in the ranks that the ministers, who offered preliminary ob