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VOLUME LXXIX.-NO. 15J3.
Cleveland Cables Kruger in Behalf of John Hays Hammond. SENTENCE IS COMMUTED But the Punishment of Those Convicted in the Transvaal Is Yet Undecided. BOERS HOLD THEWINNING HAND Telegrams Show That Jameson Acted Under Instructions From High Sources. PRETORIA, South Africa, April 30.— It is rumored that President Kruger has received a personal cablegram from Presi dent Cleveland regardin?.Tohn Hays Ham mond, one of the leaders of the reform committee, who was sentenced to death for hiph treason. WASHINGTON, D. C, April SO.-Sec retary Olney, on the 2Mh inst, telegraphed the Secretary of State for the South Afri can Republic that it was assumed that the death sentence of Hammond and other American citizens was imposed with the understanding that the sentence would be commuted, and that he would like assur ance on that point. The answer came this morning from tue Transvaal Secretary as follows: "There was no talk of an understanding between the Judge and the Government before the sentence of death was pro nounced, but before the reception of your telegram the Executive Council had re »otved to let mercy take the place of jus tice and not to enforce the death penalty." Secretary Olney later in the day re ceived a second cablegram, which ex plained why Yice-Cons:il Knight's mes sage haa not stated the nature or severity of the sentence of Hammond. The second cablegram was from Mr. Chapin, the agent at Pretoria of Grace & Co. of. New York. He said that the substitute sentence of Hammond and the four others condemed to death had not been decided upon. As for those who were sentenced to two years' imprisonment, three years' imprisonment and $10,000 fine the Executive Council had taken no action. The petition signed by the Senators and R'spreFentativeJ asking clemency for Ham mond will be cabled immediately. Evidence of tha Duplicity of the Englinh in the Raid. LONDON*, E>B., April 30.— A dispatch from Pretoria to the Times says that the health of John Hays Hammond is in such a state as to cause great anxiety. He is obliged to eat ordinary prison fare, which in the state of his health is any thing but beneficial. New rules go into operation to-day, the correspondent says, which permit prisoners to have better food and enjoy many comforts now denied them. The leaders condemned to death are coiifined in one small room, where they are visited by crowds of friends and relatives. A rumor is in circulation on the Stock Exchange that the Transvaal Executivp has imposed a punishment of five years' penal servitude, with banishment at the end of the imprisonment, upon Ham mond, Rhodes and the other reform com mittee leaders whose sentence of death T *as commuted yesterday. In the House of Commons to-day Cham berlain said that he was informed that the presiding Judge who imposed sentence on Rhodes, Hammond, Farrar, Phillips and the other members of the reform commit tee in the High Court at Pretoria bad been borrowed from the Orange Free State. His name, he said, was Gregorowski and he was of Polish nationality. Dalziel asked whether the selection of Judge Gregorowski was an indication of impartiality or corruption, and Chamber- Jain made no reply. Dalziel gave notice that he would ask the question again for mally. A vastly different aspect has been put on the Transvaal trouble by the publica tion of a number of cipher telegrams, translations of which will be found below. It has been claimed by many interested persons that Cicil Rhodes, the head and front of the British South Africa Com pany, and other officials of that concern were not cognizant of the intended raid into the territory of a friendly State and had no knowledge that a revolution was pending in Johannesburg. Some critics of the company, notably Mr. i^abouchere, M. P., editor of Truth, held that the company's officials were fully aware of the intended movements, and scathingly arraigned them for their duplicity and hypocrisy. This called down upon his head vituperative abuse from ceitain journals, against whicn there is more than a suspicion that they are sub sidized by the company. It appears now, however, to be pretty firmly established that the event has justi fied Sir. Ltbouchere's charges, and this fact is admitted even by the papers that have heretoforo been firm in their defense of Mr. Rhodes and Ins colleagues. The publication of the telegrams will prove a rather severe blow to tlie cock-sure di plomacy of Mr. Chamberlain, Secretary of State for the Colonies, who has been lauded on all sides for the great skill he had displayed in the negotiations with President Kruger. A careful review of all the facts since the trouble beiran will show that every move on the diplomatic chessboard has been won by the man, whom many of the Eng !i;hme« characterized an ignorant Boer. He may be ignorant, he himself has even confessed that he has little learning de rived from books, but ail through the trouble he has shown that for the Trans val he is the right man for the place he holds. He is a natural-born diplomat, who has made Mr. Chamberlain bis toy throughout. His keeping all knowledge of the incriminating telegrams from pub lic knowledge until the mo«t opportune moment arrived for their publication is considered, even by those who can in no sensa be called his admirers, as a master stroke of diplomatic sagacity. It leaves the whole crowd of "chartered free-boot ers," as they have been termed, without a leg to stand upon. So convincing is the proof of their com plicity in the crime that some of their apologises intimate that the dispatches are forgeries, "or that they have been willfully mistranslated. There is convincing evi dence, however, that they are genuine, and that the translations are correct. They prove that for some time prior to Dr. Jameson's raid into the Transvaal the leading official.* of the Chartered Company were fully aware of what was going on, and that Dr. Jameson was acting under instructions from some one high in the councils of the company. When the crash came the prime movers in the revolution ary agitation scurried for shelter, and Dr. Jameson, thoueh perhaps equally guilty with tbem, was made a scapegoat for all their wrong-doing in this direction. As the case at present stands President Kru ger is master of the situation, and con siderable interest is felt as to what the next move on the part of Mr. Chamberlain will be. It is noticeable that the papers that were so bitter in their comments upon the Transvaal Government when the an nouncement was madeof the severe sen tences that had been passed upon the Pre toria prisoners are now rather more than mild in speaking of the matter, which is very good proof that the publication of the dispatches has had the effect that Presi dent Kriiger undoubtedly intended it to have. Messrs. Rhodes, Beit and Harris will very likely be called upon to explain their connection with the conspiracy, and a further explanation will be due from Mr. Rhode* of the assurance he gate to Mr. Chamberlain during his reeeni, visit to England. PRETORIA, Sor-rit Africa, April 30.— A great sensation has been caused here by the publication of a series of telegrams that were entered as evidence at the trial of the members of the reform committee. These telegrams, it is claimed here, show beyond any doubt whatever that the raid of Dr. Jameson was not the result of a desire to protect the women and children of Johannesburg, in the event of a rising there, as lias been argued by certain Eng lish newspapers, but was the outcome of a carefully prearranged plan on the part of certain individuals of the South Africa Company to seize a portion of the Trans vaal, a portion well known to be the rich gold reef of "Witwaters Rand on which Johannesburg is located. Some of the tel egrams were in cipner and on their face were apparently harmless business mes sages that had passed between different men connected with Johannesburg and the South Africa Company. At the time Dr. Jameson and his com panions were captured by the Boers the Jatter found in the doctor's bag a key for code messages- This was taken possession of by the authorities, who later obtained the message- containing words correspond ing -with those in the Key. In certain cases the words in the original messages could not .be deciphered by the use of the key, and in these cases the code words were read as in the dispatches. The dates of the aispatches ranged from December 7 to December 29. Following are extracts from the messages: December 11— Colonel Rhodes, Johannes burc, to White, Male Icing: Inform Jameson not to send more horses before January. No room for them. December 13— Stevens. Cape Town, to Colonel Rhodes, Johannesburg: Jameson wires most strongly urpiag no postponing shareholders' meeting. Let Hammond inform weak part ners that any delay most injurious. December IS— Hammond, Johannesburg, to Cecil Rhodes, Cape Town: Cannot arrange re spective interests without Beit. Flotation must be delayed until his arrival. December 18— Dr. Wolff, Johannesburg, to White, I'itsani: I suggest that you immedi ately instruct Major Grey to forward as soon as possible 200,000 rounds of his surplus ammu nition to Gardner Williams. December 21— Colonel Rhodes, Johannes burg, to Charter, Cape Town: Inform C. J. Rhodes stated chairman won't leave unless special letter inviting him. Definite assurance been given by all of us that on date flotation you and he will leave. There must be no de parture from this, as many subscribers agreed to take shares on this assurance. You re sponsible for chairman's departure. December 21— Han is, Cape Town, to Colonel Rhodes, Johannesburg: Beit has telegraphed, urging start flotation new company. Reply when you can start float, so I may advise Jameson same day. Harris also sent a dispatch similar to the above to Dr. Jameson at fitsani. December 23— Harris, Cape Town, to Colonel Khodcs, Johannesburg: Boit has wired Phil lips, assuring him thtt chairman starfs im mediately the flotation takes place. No invi tation necessary. December l!3-Harris, Cape Town, to Jame son, I'itsani: Company wiil be floated next Saturday midnight They are very anxious that you do not start before 9 and secure tele grnph office silence. AVe suspect Transvaal getting slightly aware. December 26— Cecil Rhodes, Johannesburg, to Charter ,Cape 'Town: Absolutely postpone flotation. Leonard left last night Cape Town. On the above date Harris re peated the last-mentioned dispatch to Dr. Jameson, adding: "You must not move until you hear again. Too awful. Very sorry." On the same date Jameson's brother telegraphed to Johannesburg to Dr. Jame son, informing him that it had become necessary to postpone the "flotation" through unforeseen and unexpected cir cumstances, and "until we have C. J. Rhodes' absolute pledge that the officers of the imperial Government will not be insisted upon." On December 27 Harris sent a dispatch to Dr. Jameson, referring to a share holders' meeting to he held on January 6, and requesting him to wait patiently. On the same clay Harris sent another dispatch to Dr. Jameson referring to the distribution of the British South Africa Company's police. On December 28 Harris, in another dis patch to Dr. Jameson, stated that Leonard and Hamilton had informed him that the movement was unpopular in Johannes burg. This message concluded: "Wecan not have a fiasco." On December 28 Dr. Jameson telegraphed to Dr. Wolff at Johannesburg saying: "Meet me as arranged before you leave, which will enahla us to decide the best destination. Make cutting to-night with out fail. Have great faith in Hammond, Lawley and miners with Lee-Medford ri fles." The Harris whose name appears in the foregoing dispatches is evidently Dr. Har ris, secretary in South Africa of the Char tered Company. SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1896. Criminals Given Very Short Shrift at Cripple Creek. EVIDENCES OF ARSON. Little Doubt That Incendiaries Caused the Destruction of the City. RELIEF FOR THE DESTITUTE. Provisions and Tents for the Homeless Sent From Denver and Colo rado Springs. CRIPPLE CREEK, Colo., April 30.— The cause of yesterday's fire is a matter of speculation. A waitress in the Portland Hotel was in the kitchen when the blnze first broke through the partition-wall, and she states that the fire originated in the Chicago Restaurant, adjoining the hotel. But the fire burst out simultaneously from so many places as to still leave the iru pression that arson was committed. Coal oil fumes were detected about the school house to-day, and some women created a sensation this afternoon by telling of see ing two men trying to set lire to a resi dence near the reservoir. One unknown man was killed yesterday, one shot and a number of suspicious characters were ar rested during the night and locked up in boxcars, in lieu of any bettor place to con fine criminals. The burned district of yesterday covered seventeen blocks. The Masonic Temple building was but partially destroyed, ana there the mass-meeting of citizens was held to-day to consider the grave situa tion. . Committees • were named to take charge of relief work and headquarter* were opened at the Midland Terminal Depot and at the two schoolhouses. Men, women and children, cold, hungry and worn out with their hardships of the night, flocked about the depot when the relief train from , Denver and Colorado Springs arrived at 6 o'clock this morning. Their wants were soon satisfied, the tents were rapidly set up and by noon pome thing like order prevailed. What provis ions were saved from the fire commanded fancy prices, beef selling at $1 a pound and bread 25 cents a loaf. The First National Bank opened before 9 o'clock in a warehouse and money was issued upon demand. The Bimetallic Bank will open to-morrow morning. In the burned .district of Saturday's fire the work of erecting temporary building* w» 3 resumed, and the piles cf salvage from yesterday's lire, which had been carried there, were put in something like order to day. Trains of supplies of all kinds came in late to-day and more is announced. The generous response of the entire State is greatly appreciated, and while there wil! be many cases of Hiffe : ig during the coming two or three day the people will soon ho able to Ta ■•>- ,' thcui.^elver There is a determination plainly shown to rid the camp of undesirable crooks and tramps. At noon fifty tramps were lined up and drummed out of town. All arrested suspects were later on sent to Colorado Springs. A vigilance committee has been formed, and no mercy will be shown to violators of good order. I his committee will work quietly, and wiil not give out anything to the public. The result of this policy has been wholesome, and few com plaints of thieving have been made. It is impossible to state to-night how many were burned in the fire yesterday. All kinds of rumors are afloat and many persons are missing, borne ivive gone out of town and some are off on the hills with friends. At the improvised morgue are tbree dead bodies — that of Charles Griilith, a miner: the unknown incendiary shot by Floyd Thompson, and an unknown miner. The revised list of the injured is as follows: John Rose, broken leg; Claude Stanton. badly brqiifed; E. W. Lewis, cut and bruised ; Tom Sewall, leg injured; George L. Ryden, burned and bruised; J. W. Criger, head and face cut; E, E. Brad way, face badly cut; E. K. Hinckley, cut on head and legs; John Youngstrum, slight cuts; Charleg Kagodali, skull fractured; How Huntington's Hench men Obtain Signatures to Petitions. THEIR SCHEME EXPOSED Affidavits Tell of Daring Methods Employed in Behalf of Santa Monica. HUNDREDS OF NAMES "FAKED" Discoveries That May Yet Defeat the Plans of the Southern Pacific People. LOS ANGELES, Cxr,., April 30.— The de ception, duplicity and forgery to which Collis P. Huntincton's Los Angeles man agers have resorted in the past in making a showing from this city presumably in favor of the Santa Monica harbor scheme have been brought to licht and exposed by affidavits from the parties who circulated the many false and forged documents. It is an exposition of double dealing to the point of utter amazement. To-morrow morning when this darinp mess of perfidy is published to the world the public will know for the first time how to account for many apparent incon sistencies in connection with this double harbor fight. Petitions have, from time to time, been forwarded by Hunttngton'a henchmen in Washington purporting to come from "labor organizations" and "cit izens of Los Angeles" in great numbers and with hundreds of signatures. The Chamber of Commerce and Free Harbor League here, favorable to the San Pedro appropriation alone, have been at their wits' end to account for these numerously signed petitions favoring Santa Monica. The first inkling the people here had of the=e wholesale forgeries was contained in the Times here this morning, in a dispatch from its special correspondent at Washing ton. The very first name forged was that of Colonel Otis, editor and manager of the paper. From Washington comes tele grams from committees of the Chamber of Commerce and other friends of San Pedro making inquiry as to purported messages from various prominent citizens and bodies of men here favoring Huntington's schemes. When it was discovered tnat petitions sent by wire had been forged, inquiry as to mail petitions were sent to day by the Free Harbor League to Patter son and Hazard, representatives in Wash ington of the league and the people. The following response was received here this afternoon : Washington, D. G., April 30, 1896. To T. E. Gibbon : Have just prepared for Wells full copies of petitions mailed to White. Many signatures evidently written by same person. W. C. Patterson, H. T. Hazard. These are undoubtedly the petitions re ferred to in affidavits of Lowden and Man ning hereafter appended. In addition to this dispatch, Hon. John F. Humphreys of this city, a member of the Chamber of Commerce and Free Harbor League, re ceived this afternoon the following: Did you and Workman (referring to ex- Mayor Workman) forward me a postal tele gram April 16, containing petition of large number of members of Chamber of Commerce favoring Santa Monica and inner harbor (Saa Pedro)? See original postal office. Stephen M. White. To this Mr. Humphreys immediately sent the following: : To Senator Stephen M. White, Washington, D.C.: \ We did not. c Any item with our names thereto ' favoring Hun ting ton's Santa Monica scheme is & forgery. Long list of forgeries published in to-day's Times. Great indignation exists here about it. . The people realize if Hunting- ; ton gets recognition now he is strong enough to defeat San Pedro later on. John F. Humphreys. The first and most startling affidavit is that 'of George Anderson, who manipu lated the whole business for Huntington's local managers. These affidavits have been procured, by the Chamber of Com merce here and the Free Harbor League. They , we.* a, given to the correspondents late this afternoon, and to-night will be telegraphed to Senator "White, Congress man ' McLachlan and Patterson and Haz ard, and will be made public there to morrow. This, it is believed, will defeat one of the biggest steals ever attempted on the National treasury for private ends. These affidavits will be corroborated by statements from fifteen out of twenty- two labor organizations of this city, who de clare that t.he names of persons purport ing to belong to said organizations are fictitious from . beginning to end. The league has also the affidavit of E. D. Mor ris, referred to in Anderson's affidavit, fully corroborating all the allegations in regard to himself. : ; ' • According to Anderson's affidavit, he em ployed one E. D. Morris to procure names to petitions favorable to Huntingdon, with out regard to residence or occupation, and •hat the whole was manipulated and paid for at so much for each petition ; that J. P. Carrere, editor of the Evening Express of this city, made the bargain with him; that said Anderson filled a clerical position on the Express and that J. M. Crawley of the Southern Pacific knew about the arrange ment; that he employed E.D.Morris to secure the signatures, and that as fast as Morris brought in the petitions he (Ander son) took them to said Carrere. Morris, in his affidavit, tells how he wrote the names of any one he could think of to the petitions and got signatures from loafers about saloons and similar places and at Santa Monica. Two supplemental affidavits are given as follows : State of California, County of Los Angeles. — W. Lowden, being first duly sworn, deposes and says: That he is a citizen of the city of Los An geles, by occupation a waiter, and is ac quainted with E. I). Morris; that some three weeks ago the said E. D. Morris came to him and asked him to sign his name to a petition addressed to Senator White and Mr. McLach lan purporting to be from the citizens of Los Angeles and asking them to endeavor to secure the appropriations tor San Pedro and Santa Monica harbors which the House Committee on Rivers and Harbors had at one time agreed to recommend; that he signed his own name to said petition, and at the request of Mr. Mor ris signed several other names, probably seven in all; that in signing such names he was not endeavoring to get the name of any particular person, but signed such names as came into his mind, without reference to any individual to whom they might belong. W. H. Lowden. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 30 th day of April, 1986. , , M. K. Young, Notary Public, Los Angeles County. State of California, County , of Los ' An geles.—J. Manning, being first duly sworn, de poses and says: That he is a citizen of the city of Los Angeles, by occupation a laborer, and is acquainted with E. D. Morris; that some three weeks ago the said E. D. Morris came to ; him and asked him to sign his name to a peti '. tion addressed to Senator White and Mr. Mc- Lachlan. purporting to be from the citizens of Lob Angeles, and asking them to endeavor to secure the appropriations for San Pedro and Santa Monica harbors which the House Com mittee on Rivers and Harbors had at one time agreed to recommend; that he signed his ow n name to said petition, and at the request of Mr. Morris signed several other names, prob ably 150 in all; that in signing such names he was not endeavoring to get the name of any particular person, but signed such names as came Into his mind, without reference to any individual to whom they might belong. J. Manning. ;' Subscribed and sworn to before me this 30th day of April, 1896. • ,, . M. K. Young, Notary Public, Los Angeles County; California. FIVii.V'.* Minority Report on the Santa Monica Approjyriation. WASHINGTON, D. C, April 30.— The division in the Senate Committee on Com PRICE FIVE CENTS. Crowned Ruler of the Santa Rosa Carnival of the Roses. GIVEN THE GOLDEN KEY Care Cast Aside by the Joyous Residents of Sonoma County's Metropolis. BEAUTY OF THE DECORATION!, An Elaborate but Tasty Profusion of Red, Green and Yellow Is Displayed. SANTA ROSA, Cal., April 30.— The carnival holds full sway to-night, for the Queen has just been crowned with pomp ana pageantry, and as President J. C. Sims expressed it: "The peerless Queen has revealed herself to her loyal subjects, and- has issued a proclamation of banish ment to consuming cares." The weather all day has been glorious, and the preparations for to-morrow's pro cession have been progressing merrily. To-night the city is one mass of brilliant carnival colors and fragrant ftower3. Even the oldest inhabitants say they scarcely know Santa Rosa in her '9t> carnival dress, so greatly have the decorations trans formed the city. The courthouse, from dome to stairway, is resplendent in red, green and - yellow bunting. Streamers flutter from the apex of the dome to points all along the parapet, the columns all en twined in carnival colors, and the statue of Minerva, which surmounts the struc ture, wears a tri-colored cap and waves aloft the American flag. The square surrounding the courthouse is one mass of red, green and yellow, for scarcely one of the buildings has omitted to decorate, and Fourth street presents one long vista of fluttering flags, arches and incandescent lights. Most of the stores wear the carnival colors, many of them being resplendent in artistic decora t.ons, where moss, flowers, bunting and colored lanterns play a conspicuous part. There are six arches distributed along the principal streets, and strings innu merable of fluttering streamers cross and reerosa the principal <uree;. Elaborate decorations nave been lavished upon the Donahue depot, and even the streetcars wear carnival colors and are garlanded with flowers. Wherever a convenient spot offers pretty airy-looking booths have been erected along the route of to-morrow's procession, and in these booths the weary wayfarer can find food and cooiing drinks for an almost nominal sum, while he sits to eat under garlands of roses and ever green. Last year visitors came in such hordea that even bread ran short, but for the present carnival enough provisions have been laid in to feed an army. People have been arriving in town all day, and before 8 o'clock this evening there was a dense throng assembled outside the Athenaeum to see the Queen and her cortege arrive. Her Majesty's procession was led by Roncovieri's Band playing the ''Fiesta March," recently composed by the band's conductor. The Queen rode in a barouche drawn by six milk-white horses with white satin trappings, her coach being lined with satin and furs of white. The maids of honor followed in gayly decorated car riages. It was well on toward 9 o'clock before the strains of the band announced the approach of the royal procession. By this tiroe^the.crowd outside tht Athenaeum had increased and every seat in the build ing had been taken, while people were en camped in the aisles on stools. While waiting for the Queen there was plenty of time to admire the decorations. The roof was festooned in carnival colored bunting, Chinese lanterns and cypress en* circled the gallery, and the platform wag banked up with masses of lilies, ferns and palms. The throne was white, on a dais of white bearskin, and overhead was a huge pink and white butterfly. As the commotion outside warned the people within the theater that the procession had arrived, there was a loud and prolonged applause. The queen and her attendants adjourned to the anteroom, while the band took the platform and played the overture to "Robin Hood." President Sims, who delivered the in augural address, said among other grace ful things: "The Santa Rosa rose carnivals have at tracted particular attention and have achieved a special glory. The residents of this community annually make princely preparations for them, ami all take pride in their success. Thanks to the kind efforts of the people and of the press of this State, failures are as yet unknown. To thesu carnivals all are invited and given a fitting welcome." The speaker went on to pay a graceful compliment to the queens of the various festivals and spoke warmly of tha athletic sportWind their beneiicial influ ence on the young people. : 'In conclu sion, let me say to those who have favored us with their presence durine this festival, that with the fragrance of our flowers, we mingle the sweeter fragrance of our wel come." As soon as the applause aroused by the president's speech had subsided, a bugle blast from the entrance, answered by one from the platform, announced the advent of the Queen. The band struck up the "Coronatioa March," the doors were thrown open, and a train of eight little maids in white entered, throwing flowers in the Queen's way. The children, who all looked about 8 years old, were led by Mable Ware and Marguerite Kingston. Next came the maids of honor, dressed two and two alike, in dainty shades of white pink and green organdie. They were: Dacia Fairbanks and Henrietta Camel, Petaluma; Lena Brash, Clover dale; Annie McLain, Healdsburg; Sadie Me Mullen, ISebastopol; Edith Brooks,