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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, May 12, 1896, Image 1

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Critical Condition of Uncle
Sam's Relations With
Congress May Force Cleveland to
Move on the Cuban Reso
la F^rson the Queen Regent Presents
an Interesting Speech From
the Throne.
£ WASHINGTON, D. C, May 11.— While
the suspension of the sentence of death
in the case of the convicted Americans
who were captured aboard of the alleged
filibuster Competitor has allayed for the
time being public interest in the matter,
it is believed by many conservative men
in Congress that the situation is critical.
It is not so much the decision reached by
the Spanish court as it is the ruethoas
which were employed in doing so that is
provocative of ill feeling.
A prominent member of the House Com
mittee on Foreign Affairs, when asked to
day by a correspondent whether there was
any likelihood that Senator Morgan's
joint resolution authorizing the President
to take action looking to the recognition
of the belligerency of the Cuban insur-
gents would pass at this session, replied:
"It may be, but it is not improbable
that some action even more vigorous than
that may be required of Congress."
•'Adjournment is not very far off," it
was suggested, "and whatever action Con
gress may take will have to be taken
"Adjournment has not vet been decided
upon," was the reply. "We may adjourn
before the Ist of June, and we may be
here all summer. I have believed
that the President would take some
decisive action in the Cuban matter
as soon as he could receive full and
accurate information upon the subject,
and it would not surprise me if that action
should be taken very soon. My opinion
is that the crisis will be reached in a short
time, perhaps in a few days. If Spain
should decide to permit the execution of
the sentence of death passed by General
Weyler's court-martial on the Competitor
prisoners who are American citizens a most
serious situation wiil result."
While tho opinion of the member re
ferred to is not generally shared by a
majority of the House members, it is
thought that if the Competitor prisoners
are shot, as Weyler insists they must be,
Congress will beyond doubt take some de
cisive action. Mr. Cleveland will then be
forced to act
Before the Cortes fih* Predicts the Failure
of the Rebellion.
MADRID, Spain, May 11.— The new
Cortes met to-day. Great interest was
manifested in the speech from the throne
ODening the session, which it was known
would deal at length with the situation in
Cuba. The speech was read in person by
the Queen Regent, representing the youth
ful King. Her Majesty said:
Senators and Deputies: Heavy preoccupa
tions lay on my mind on addressing you on
this day of the opening of the session of the
cortes. All of you share Trith me those pre
occupations, as I am sure they are shared
by the nation. You cannot have forgotten
those days, rich in hopes, of February and
March of last year, when the legislative bodies
approved the laws to reconstruct the adminis
tration of Cuba and Porto Rico.
To their enforcement the representatives of
the loyal parties of Cuba and Forto Rico
pledged themselves and those who share the
power in the peninsula, but those good inten
tions were counteracted on the 21st of Febru
ary, when the discussion had not yet begun,
by the discovery of the Governor-General of
Cuba of symptoms of rebellion, and three days
later it was necessary to proclaim martial law.
A. J. Waterhouse of Fresno, Poet, Patriot, Politician, People's Party.
[Sketched by a "Call" staff artist at Sacramento yesterday.]
The San Francisco Call.
It was most plain that the announcement of
reforms, applauded unanimously by the Lib
eral party, far from restraining the secession
ists, gave them impulse to resort to arms with
the intentiou of preventing the application of
the reforms. From the first moment that was
understood by the illustrious general to whom
the pacification of the territory was entrusted.
The same declaration was made to his Gov
ernment by the agent of the Uuited States, who
said that the revolutionist;--, seeing in the re
forms great advantage to their country, quick
ened the movement in order to prevent their
aspiration of creating au independent state
becoming impaired.
The rebel chiefs, principally the foreigners
and the colored, did not wait long to say that
they did not attach importance to political,
economical or administrative reforms, no mat
ter how liberal, even the most extended form
of home rule, if they had to submit to the
sovereignty of Spain, and the good and pros
perity of the Cubans was nothing to them.
On the contrary that class of revolutionists
showed themselves tne encouragers of the
groups of bandits that formed the nucleus of
their forces, destroying private property, burn
ing towns without defense and making public
that they will destroy the island if they are
unable to conquer the public power, and that
they will thereafter dispute with arms in hand
What the consequence would be of the sub
stitution of sovereignty of Spain over races
nearly balanced and with irreconcilable char
acter there is no statesman who will not fore
see. The final result would be that Cuba would
make a step backward in civilization. It
would be an error to imagine that the interests
of the country could in such conditions pros
per or continue in existence.
The Spanish nation in the meantime is not
going to be indifferent to the future of those
of her sons misguided by improvident polit
ical ambitions, and she will not abandon
the mission of civilization that she has
taken upon herself and that she has up
to the moment accomplished and her history
and honor impose upon her; much less will
she deny the rights and advantages demanded
with reason by those inhaDitants of the An
tilles who, torming the different political
parties, have indignantly condemned the in
surrection from the first moment, being
morally and materially by the side of the me
tropolis, and have shed their blood for her.
There are also many who only by fear have
joined the rebels, and who are beginning to
profit by the facilities afforded them by the
state of demoralization of the insur
rection to come under the nation's
flag, and there will not be before
long many who, convinced of the impotence
of their efforts to suppress the sovereignty
of Spain, but will return with a peaceful
spirit to their homes to become good citizens.
To them Spain will always extend her open
arms, after her dignity and authority are safe,
for the maintenance ol which she has made
and will repeat when necessary sacrifices
which have not been equaled.
In the meantime it is not just to suppose
that the present Government has not enforced
the reforms for a lack of love for them. He
(the King) has had in their enactment as great
a share as any other. In the first instance it is
to be noted that it was not possible to do this
without profound study and preparation, be
cause it completely changed all the laws in
I On the other hand, the rapid spread of the
; insurrection, long in preparation, in spite of
| Spain, having restored and increased in a mar-
I velous way in Cuba, the production destroyed
j by the past war very soon broke the unanimity
I of sentiment with which the law of the 15th
of March, 1895, had been approved.
That was first demanded by the more ad
vanced of the Cuban political parties, which
i had given its votes in the Cortes and which
I presented first to the Governor-General and
! afterward to the Madrid Government a plan
! of considerable modification to the reforms,
1 as if their spirit of action was not more the
; same than before the war.
The -ame thing was made public by a politi
cal group, which called itself Reformist, pre
senting to the Government in Madrid a project
i of Congress of great importance also, and the
j late chief of the said group declared that the
1 application of the reforms voted was incom
j patible with the state of rebellion.
Finally, the worthy general that governs
Cuba, disposed, as his predecessor always did,
to obey all the orders of the Government, is
also convinced, as the Cuban conservatives
are. that the indorsement of reform laws which
i have been promulgated, far from serving to
bring peace, wilj make it more difficult.
From all this It is deduced that those re
forms, not satisfying anybody, for the future
their immediate application, even if it were
possible to enforce them completely, will not
obtain a good result with a direct application
of them.
Even their enforced essay in Porto Rico, as
they are all destined to a great modification
in a short time, will not probably bring benefit
because of the advantages that can be ex
pected from a new project. Not for that has the
Government abandoned, nor will she abandon,
the general study of future legislation for the
Antilles, for the moment that after a new in
tervention by the Cortes and when the oppor
tunity will arrive they would have to be
definitely established. Fortunately the insur
rection Is decreasing, in the opinion of su
perior authority of the island and of the per
sons who can in Cuba judge with greater cer
If it has not yet decreased completely it is
due principally, as nobody can ignore, to the
great and frequent helps received, false de
scriptions of the politic and administra
tive situation in Cuba, making them also
believe that the conduct of destroying
what they are unable to conquer, Is identical
to those that with higher ends, with different
Some of the Prominent Delegates From Town and Country Attending the People's Party
Convention Now in Session at Sacramento.
[from characteristic sfietelHU made by a "Call" staff artist at bucramento yratcntay]
means and with the reasonable probabilities
of creating a new civilized nation, use methods
which have been practiced at other times in
America and in Europe.
Even that help would not be sufficient to
prolong the contest if it had not been for the
chimerical hopes spread among the in
surgents that a great nation will take a hand
in their Illegitimate and powerless revolution,
with manliest violation of the public rights.
For that reason every disappointment that
the separatists receive regarding that will soon
(serve more efficiently than anything else to the
re-establishment of peace. It it to be hoped
that they will now suffer disappoint
ment because of the fact, better known every
day, that makes it clear to all honest minds
that Spain is far from desiring her Antillean
subjects to live under an old and antiquated
regime when she enjoys such liberal laws.
Without the separatist conspiracy Spain
would never have refused any legitimate lib
erty. A great assimilation to the legislation
of the peninsula that many will find to be
lacking In the Antilles never has found great
difficulties in the Government, and to have re
corded it resulted greatly from the dislikes of
many to the assimilation and their preference
towards special laws.
When peace will be reached, to consolidate
it it will be necessary to give to both islands,
Cuba and Porto Rico, an economical and ad
ministrative personality, with a character ex
clusively local, but that will make possible the
total intervention of the country in its pecu
liar affairs, while remaining untouched the
right of sovereignty and untouched the neces
sary conditions for its existence.
To that end will the Government bind its
steps, if that line of policy merits the ap
proval of the Cortes. Of the loyalty of such
purposes, to-day exposed before the whole
world, nobody is permitted to doubt, and it Is
not to be disputed, although a different thing
is pretended with mean reflections that Spain
has fulfilled with excess and in all really es
sentials, everything that was offered in the
capitulation of Zanjon.
On you, Senores Senadors and Diputados, de
volves now to encourage or restrain the policy
signaled by my Government or to show him
different ways. Undoubtedly the interests of
the country imperatively demand that the Gov
ernment will be authorized to profit, as it will
be convenient by the circumstances with the
aim of putting an end in a short time to the
present situation, and with that object pro
jects of law will be presented to you which
you will accept, amend or reject according to
the dictates of your consciences.
I have the greatest satisfaction In informing
you that we maintain excellent and cordial re
lations with all the powers.
The correct and friendly conduct of the
American republic in the Cuban matter is a
good proof that every day the ties of interest
are developed, r. nd the friendship that unites
them closer with Spain. In the United
States, notwithstanding the great efforts
that a part of the public opinion has suc
ceeded in making in a contrary sense, the
President and his Government have not de
parted from the line of conduct that corre
sponds to the loyal friendship that has existed
between the countries from the beginning of
the existence of that republic. The Govern
ment will report to the Cortes the treaty of
peace and friendship negotiated with the re
public of Honduras. .
The remainder of the address is devoted
to the reports of different departments.
But the Spanish Government Orders
Him to Kemnin.
HAVANA, Cuba, May 11.— The report
that General Weyler has resigned because
of the action of the home Government in
the case of the Competitor filibusters is
true, but it is not accepted with confidence
by the public here.
It is understood that the Government
refused to accept the resignation and
ordered General Weyler to remain at his
post under the present circumstances.
Colonel Bequira reports having had an
engagement with a large rebel force near
Cieneguitata, a short distance from Reme
dios. in which the insurgents lost eleven
The rebels retreated and were followed
by the troops. The latter met another
force of 1600 insurgents under command of
Carrillo. After two hours' fighting the
Continued on Third Page.
lowa's Vote to Be Given
The Senator From Start
to Finish.
But Now That He Is in the Race
He Wants to Win the
Harlan Says McKinley's Friends May
Rediscover the Old Cup-and.
Lip Story.
CLEVELAND, Ohio, May 11.— "Allison !
will not withdraw from tne Presidential
race." said ex-Senator Harlan, who is a
delegate from lowa to the Methodist Gen
eral Conference, to-night. ''The people
out there know Allison and they like him
and have confidence in him. The vote
from his State will be cast for him from
start to finish. Allison had no particular
desire to go into the fight in the first place,
but now that he started he wants to win
if he can. At the same time there is no
hostility toward McKinley. He will be a
welcome enough candidate so far as the
Republicans of lowa are concerned.
"McKinley's friends think they have
the fight won. Well, it looks that way to
me, too. 'There's many a slip betwixt
the cup and the lip,' bat in McKinley's
case they are pretty close together now."
Sent to JlUnoi* in the Interest of Sound-
Mown Men.
CHICAGO, 111., May 11.— James H.
Eckels, Comptroller of the Currency, ar
rived in this city to-day from Washington
as the personal representative of the Pres
ident on a tour of information-seeking and
as a peacemaker between the fighting fac
tions of Illinois and the Cook County De
mocracy in the interest of a gold standard.
His arrival and the secret conferences he
held during the day with the sound-money
leaders formed the sole topic of conversa
tion in Democratic political circles at local
and State Headquarters.
The Comptroller is generally credited
with the mission of ascertaining the exact
situation in certain Western States, with
the special object of doing all he can to
have anti-free silver delegation sent by the
Illinois convention to Chicago in July.
As a result of the conference, which will
be continued to-morrow, it is said the
sound-money men of this city will cease
attacking or even opposing Governor Alt
geld for renomination, and confine their
campaign exclusively to prevent Illinois
being put in the silver column at the Na
tional Convention.
The danger of the party in thia State be
ing permanently split on the money ques
tion, with two State conventions, a contest
and a possible bolt at the National Conven
tion, is also given a moving cause for an
aggressive policy of the present adminia
tration people, including the Illinois office
The visit of the Comptroller, it is re
ported, was hastened by telegrams sent to
Washington after the sound-money lead
ers had conferred with Chairman Harrity
of the National Committee last week on
the completed party here.
The Altgeld Democrats are arranging
for a big demonstration Saturday, the
Governor being the chief attraction.
Applications for Space at the Chicago Con
vention Must Soon Be Made.
LOGANSPORT, Ind., May 11.— S. P.
Sherin, secretary of the Democratic Na
tional Committee and chairman of the
sub-committee on press and telegraphic
accommodations and facilities for the
Democratic National Convention, to be
held in Chicago July 7, requests the
United Press to announce that it is desir
able that the applications for space for
working reporters and correspondents in
the convention ball be made with the least
possible delay. No application for work
ing space filed later than June 15 will be
considered. All applications for press and
telegraphic accommodations should be ad
dressed to S. P. Sherin, secretary Demo
cratic National Committee, Logansport,
There ITill Be a Fight Over the Report on
WASHINGTON, D. C, May 11. — The
delegates to the meeting of the Supreme
Council of the American Protective Asso
ciation are nearly all in the city. The
meeting will be railed to order behind
closed doors at 10 o'clock to-morrow. The
first day*9 session will be devoted to or
ganization and routine work. The con
vention is expected to be in session five or
six days, and nearly the last work will be
the election of officers. There will be a
stubborn fight over the report of the ad
visory council against McKinley.
Two committees held meetings to-day.
They were the judiciary and executive
committees. The judiciary committee is
composed of the lawyers, and Judge Ste
venson is chairman of it John W. Echols
of Georgia and H. W. Smith of California
were appointed members of the committee
by President Tray nor.
The executive committee meeting was
for the purpose of looking into the repre
sentatives of the different offices.
One Convention Presided Over by a
Woman of Grit,
DENVER, Colo., May 11.— The Repub
lican County Convention called to meet
to-day to select delegates to the State and
Congressional conventions, for the purpose
of selecting delegates to the National Con
vention, failed to become even temporarily
organized at a late hour to-night. This
delay was due to a factional contest for
control and the stanch determination of
Mrs. W. H. Kisler, the county chairman,
to stick to her rulings in spite of the howl
ing of ward heelers and the bulldozing tac
tics of some of the delegates to gain their
It has been developed that Senator
Teller will be sent to St. Louis at the head
of a delegation composed of loyal follow
ers, and tuat Senator Wolcott will not be
of that delegation. His friends now ask
only that a vote of censure be not passed.
This action is almost a unanimous de
mand of the members of the party and
will be taken to prevent the defeat of local
tickets, both county and State, next fall.
The contest to-day is waged for local con
trol in both county and State organiza
tions and is extrf mely bitter. The lady
who is chairman ofjthe County Committee
has ruled against a party rule relating to
the making up of a temporary roli of dele
gates as prepared by the County Central
Committee, both in the meetings of the
committee aud in the opening of the ,
County Convention, her position being
that the rule is wrong and unjust and
should not stand, though a large majority
of the County Committee voted against
The rollcail of uncon tested delegates re
sulted in sustaining tne appeal from the
decision of Mis. Kisler, chairman, and the
delegates proceeded to effect the tem
porary organization by placing J. H. Sbat
tuck in the chair without opposition.
Committees were named and a recess taken
until 10 o'clock to-night.
The gang wins and Mayor McMurray's
following, known as the anti-combine, is
WASHINGTON, D. C, May 11.— Senator
Teller of Colorado to-day sent the follow
ing letter to the chairman of the Colorado
State Committee. It is self-explanatory:
Hon. Irving Hobart, Colorado Springs- I wish
to say to the State Convention, through you,
that I do not desire to go to the National Con
vention and I cannot go unless the State Con
vention is in accord with my ideas in declaring
that in the coming campaign the silver ques
tion is the paramount issue. The State Con
vention should act with the full knowledge
that 1 do not intend to support a candidate on
a gold-standard platform or on a platform of
doubtful construction. If this course puts me
out of sympathy with the Republican senti
ment of the State, as a portion of the Republi
can party alleges it will, I accept the result
with all its logical consequences in preference
to an abandonment of principles and stulti
fication of my record made, as I conceive, un
der the instructions ol every Republisan con
vention held In Colorado during the last
twelve years.
Bimetallism, Protection and. Jteeiprotfty
Their Cardinal Principles.
BUTTE, Moot., May 11.— The Republi
can State Convention was held here to
Continued on Third Page.
Kobert £. Buab, Secretary of the People's Party State Central Committe*
[Sketched by a "Call" artist at Sacramento.}
Leaders All in Line for
the Battle at the
Delegates Who Would Rather
Lose All Than Surrender
Faithful Services to the Party Will
Be Recognized by the Con
SACRAMENTO, Cal., May 11.—Dele
gates to the Populist State Conve ntion
come pouring into the State House by all
the afternoon and evening trains, and at
night the lobbies, parlors and office of the
hotel presented much of the bustle ob
servable of the night before the conven
tion of one of the old parties, only that
the push and the pull were absent, or if
present, were of a different kind from the
usual staple article.
All parts of the State are well repre
sented; the man from the shadow of
Shasta's snowy peak is here, but T. W. H.
Shanahan, Shasta'? tall sycamore, is miss
ing. His long shadow is not seen on the
floor under the glare of the electric lamps,
and a mighty voice, which once sounded
stridently the blood-curdling war whoop
of Tammany in the councils of the
Democracy, will not be heard even for the
first time in a Populist State Convention.
Mr. Shanahan sent word that it would
be impossible for him to attend, owing to
the pressure of important law matters con
fided to his charge. But there are other
men from Shasta and San Diego and the
smiling valleys and green hills that lie
There will be a lively fight for the chair
manship to-morrow, among the four or
five contestants, Barlow of San Lui3
Obispo being in the lead.
Notwithstanding the secret but desper
ate efforts of Democratic bosses in San
Francisco, through friends and agents in
this convention, to defeat T. V. Cator by
omitting from the order of business the
nomination of a United States Senator,
that gentleman will be nominated by ac
clamation, or, at least, by an overwhelm'
ing majority.
His services to the party have been so
valuable in the past, his devotion to the
Omaha platform has been so intense in
season and out of season that the conven
tion will be repaying in part the debt of
gratitude which they owe him, if a man
can be saill to be entitled to any gratitude
merely for doing his duty and remaining
true to his trust.
The secret efforts which Have been made
to defeat him and which have fallen to the
ground have been instigated by Demo
cratic influence, which, working in the
dark and devious ways of Tammany and
Iroquois tribes, have been plotting for
weeks past to bring about a fusion of the
Populist and Democratic tickets, the
offices to be divided in such a way that
the more important ones would go to the
Democrats. Hence their enmity to the
champions of the no-fusion cause. A
prominent Populist said of Cator to-night:
"Some people don't like Mr. Cator, per
haps for personal, political or business
reasons, but I can say that tnere is no
other man in the party witn a fidelity so
unswerving to the principles of Populism
than Cator. He has always opposed any
scheme looking to the abandonment of the
principles of the party by even so much
as a hair's breadth, and that's the kind of
men who will make the Populist cause the
winning one.
"He is also fearless and outspoken on all
subjects, is a good lawyer, a good talker
and a man of commanding presence.
There will be no fusion, and the Demo
cratic jobbers will be disappointed."
Taylor Rodgers and a delegation of

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