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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, June 08, 1896, Image 11

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CONTROVERSY ON
OAKLAND FREAKS
Their Doings Demand a
Place in Live, Current
Journalism.
NOT A CITY OF CRANKS.
Need of More Truth in Exploit
ing Municipal Fi
nances.
DAGGETT DOWNED FITZGERALD
Probable That the Silver Question
Figured in the Recent Demo
cratic Fight.
Oakland Ojticb Saw Francisco Call,)
908 Broadway, June 7. }
Much has been written during the past
week about Oakland as a prolific field for
cranks and freaks. It has been stated that
the Sau Francisco newspapers are far too
ready to attach importance to unusual in
cidents or people and that It is likely to
cause outsiders to think that this city is an
aggregation of sixty thousand cranks per
forming in three rings, but all constitutine
one great circus. Such an assumption,
both as regards the alleged fact and its ef
fect, is absurd and untrue. It shows a
gross misconception of the existing differ
ence between a local and metropolitan
journal. Of course a prophet is without
honor in his own country and consequently
a crank or a freak — which term by the way
would have been applied to Galileo and
Harvey had they lived in Oakland — is not
always considered a legitimate subject for
a story in a suburban paper. Another
great point to be considered is this: The
chief feature of a freak story in modern
journalism is a well-drawn picture of the
oddity and without it the story falls flat.
As none of the local papers do anything
in the way of illustrating, it is somewhat
suggestive of the acrid fruit of the vine
when they attempt to give suggestions to
papers that traverse the continent. It is
ceirtainly as much the duty of a modern
newspaper to chronicle the unusual affairs
of every- day life as to report the humdrum
affairs of society, ana anybody who op
poses such a course is certainly lacking in
knowledge of the elements of the profes
sion.
Regarding the insinuation that the out
side world will think Oakland is a city of
cranks, there is not the least foundation
for such a deduction. The same news
papers that give to the public an illus
trated story of a freak also treat all other
important and more serious news with the
same completeness and ability. Any im
portant political or social event that oc
curs on this side of the bay is invariably
made a feature of by the San Francisco
papers and illustrated with a degree of
taste and thought unknown in the news
paper world a few years ago. A desire to
return to the silurian order of things i 3
not typical of the people of this city, and
the writer of the articles ieferred to is at
least a generation behind the times.
The Democratic primary was a great
surprise to the average citizen of Alameda
County. Previous to a month ago it was
not thought that there were enough Demo
crats left to create such a battle royal as
was witnessed last Friday. The earnest
ness with which the various leaders
worked, and the almost inconceivable de
sire for supremacy in the Democratic
party in this county has caused old politi
cians to think. They cannot bring them
selves to believe that the comparatively
small place filled by Alameda County in
the field of State Democratic politics is
the cause of so much bitterness between
the prominent men who figured in the
fight Neither can they altogether believe
that the feeling that originated in the
Stockton convention half a generation ago
is responsible for it. There is a feeling
that the silver question played a strong
sub rosa part in the fight, and the presence
of such a noted gold man as Daggett
added materially to Fitzgerald's defeat.
This feature of the fight does not seem to
have been referred to throughout the bit
ter contest.
George W. Baker, chairman of the State
Bimetallic League, is a resident of Oak
land, and Frank J. Moffitt.who engineered
Laymance's fight, was chairman of the
Alameda delegation to the silver conven
tion held at Metropolitan Temple last
year. These facts may or may not have
had any bearing on the issue, but when
the framing of a platform at Sacramento
comes up it will probably be found that
underneath the surface of Alameda' s
great fight the money question was quite
active.
There is no doubt that the presence of
Daggett in tho contest robbed Fitzgerald
of many votes. After the events of Friday
it would be worse than lolly for the Mint
man to deny that he was interested in
downing Foote. Employes from Fifth
street who reside here were seen at several
polling-places, and many were also here
who were not known. With Daggett de
feated, the prospect of a local alliance be
tween Democrats and silver men is much
increased.
Oakland's worst enemies at this time
are her municipal officials. The question
now being agitated by the Mayor, the
Council and the Board of Education is one
of the greatest importance, and one the
truthful facts of which are awaited by
the public. Any sacrifice that could have
been made would have been better than
to close the High School two weeks earlier
than usual and to close the very popular
free reading-room for the entire month of
June. The knowledge that such things
have occurred because of an alleged lack of
funds is the very worst advertisement that
could have gone forth. All kinds of ex
planations will be made, but the fact is
patent to any conservative mind that
there is a political object in both meas
ures of retrenchment.
There is also much that is clearly false
being given ou t by all parties — the Mayor,
the Board of Education and the Library
Trustees. Mr. Davie is publishing figures
showing that the High School costs
about 40 per cent more than any other
high school in the land. He also prints
figures declaring that the same is true of
the Free Librar3 r . His statements are
contradicted, and the controversy is gen
eral. Now, the truth cannot be difficult
to learn, and both sides owe it to the pub
lic to let it know what is right and who is
wrong. The present scandal is serious.
It extends outside the City Hall, ana in
volves more than the personality of the
principals. The notice posted outside the
free reading-rooms about "lack of funds"
needs more explanation than has yet
been made. S. W. B.
A BLESSING.
How a Baptist Divine Views the Recent
Tornado at St.
Louis.
OAKLAND, Cal., June 7.— Rev. Philip
Graif too* the recent cyclone at St. Louis
as the subject for his sermon to-night at
the Twentieth-street Baptist Church. In
brief he said:
"The St. Louis cyclone, in its wild, re
sistless rush and long train of ruin and
tears— is it a blind, heartless caprice of
chance work or a part of divine order and
goodness? Such is the question that trem
bles on the white lip of fear and unfaith,
br.t if God reigns every calamity is a kind
Providence, every stroke of hard times a
step of progress and every bu of misery a
starting point for jzlory.
"To the seer or the philosopher the hurt
ing storm is as benefk-ent an agency as the
soft sunshine, for the sweet law of the uni
verse is higher development and gracious
redemption. The St. Louis horror was a
mild catastrophe com Dared with the
ceaseless scythe of death that is mowing
down the millions from age to age, or the
busy sword of war in its fiery course over
ten thousand battlefields.
"Behind the universal fact of death
must beat a heart of eternal goodness. A
sudden taking, off is less to be dreaded
than an unworthy life. In the highest
sense death is not a spectre of grinning
skull and cross-bone, but a bright angel
messenger; not a dropping into a great
horror of darkness, but a glad, soft falling
into the everlasting arms of light and
peace.
"The moral significance of suffering is
not punishment so much as culture. To the
martyr in the ghastly flame, to the believer
in the bubbling groan of the euroclydon
wave, to the pallid invalid on the racking
couch, hoping in God. the divine smile
changes the terror of drowning, the red
consumptive cough, the torture of fire, into
a thing of triumph, and turns the suffering
into emotions of peace and even rapture.
A means to a high end in the beyond, a
teacher of wisdom, and a developer of a
better manhood, whether here or yonder —
this seems to be a part of the vast and in
scrutable scheme of Providence in man's
process of evolution."
MANTALEN KICKS.
H« Objects to Having Gcorgo de Golia
Represent the County Repub
lican Committee.
OAKLAND, Cal., Jane 7.— Charles Man
talen, chairman of the Republican County
Committee, has issued a call for a special
meeting next Saturday to consider the
proposed terms of compromise between
the two Congressional committees. This
move is regarded in various lights and
may lead to a greater breach than exists
at present.
"The trouble is easily explained," said a
member of the County Committee to-day.
"George de Golia has been looked upon as
the representative of the old committee
and has been trying to arrange some ami
cable terms with W. R. Davis, who repre
sents the Friend committee. De Golia has
caused it to be understood that whatever
he does will be ratified by the County Com
mittee. In this respect De Golia has ex
ceeded hia power, and his assumption of
representing the County Committee is
frowned upon by Chairman Mantalen,
Walsh, Church, Haines and Armstrong.
• "They object strongly to having De
Golia act for them and they want to know
at ones what is going on so that they can
take part in the deliberations. This is
something new, to have a split in that
winjjjof the County Committee, and it may
leaa to serious results. The much-desired
harmony ia th& Republican ranks has not
yet been brought about."
HONORED THE DEAD.
Unveiling of a Monument at Mountain
View Cemetery by Woodmen of
the World.
OAKLAND, Cal., June 7. — Oakland
Camp, Woodmen of the World, performed
a very pretty ceremony this afternoon at
Mountain View Cemetery. The laws of
the order prescribe that on the Sunday
nearest to the 6th day of June the graves
of departed members shall be decorated
and all monuments erected during the
year shall be formally unveiled and ac
cepted.
During the year Brothers E. D. Ormsby,
G. W. C. Fowler and Isenal Fogel of Port
land, Or., have passed to the everlasting
camp, and the monument to I. Fogel was
unveiled in the presence of many brethren.
Judge F. B. Ogden read a poem and
W. W. Waste of Berkeley was the orator
of the day. His speech was one of the
happiest ever delivered in the cemetery.
A quartet, consisting of C. L. Larue, John
Mitchell, A. G. Cliff and J. A. Sands, sup
plied the music.
DOINGS OF PYTHIANS.
Old Glory Will Be Displayed Promi
nently in Every Pythian Lodgeroom.
OAKLAND, Cal., June 7.— Oakland
Lodge No. 103 held an important session
on the evening of May 29. Page Fred
Hugg was elevated to and charged in the
rank of esquire.
Acting upon a dispensation for the pur
pose the rank 3of page, esquire and knight
were conferred upon Stranger L. Stall.
At the suggestion oi Past Grand Chan
cellor Samuels to display the American
flag in every Pythian lodgeroora Mr. Gaus
was appointed to purchase a suitable nag.
Piedmont No. 172 and Live Oak No. 17
have also decorated their castle halls with
the National emblems.
Next Friday night Oakland Lodge, aided
by its superb team, will confer the Ampli
fied Knight Rank on Esquire Fred Huge.
Brooklyn No. 132 of East Oakland on
the night of Alay 29 gave a musical and
literary entertainment, at which the mem
bers of East Oakland Temple R. 8., Ama
zon Lodge No. 182 and Alameda No. 49
were invited guests.
Live Oak No. 17 at its last session
elected the following to serve as officers
for the next term:
For C. C, W. M. Young; for P. C, E. P. Tutt;
for P., E. S. Suilend; for M. of A., Robert Ar
not; for K. of R. and S., H. Holland; for M. of
F., I. L. Cavasso; for M. of E., George Sumuels;
for I. G., Dr. Eaton; for O. G., B. Larkin ; for
M. of W., M. Jones; for organist, Brother Mad
dern.
The following were elected officers for
the approaching term:
For Piedmont No. 172— For C. C, Brother
Wally; for V. ('., Frank Larmer; for prelate.
H. Rush; for M. of \Y\, Walgreen; for X of R.
and 8., E. Schwazbaum; for M. of A., E. Koert
ner; for M. of F., A. E. Trimble; for M. of E.,
M. Levy; for O. U., A. Kieso.
Last Thursday night Calenthe Temple
No. 6 gave a social and literary entertain
ment whicu was followed by a dance.
On last Friday night Oakland Lodge No.
103 elected the following to serve as offi
cers for the approaching term :
For C. C, David C. Berland; for V. C, E. C.
Cloither; for P. W., D. Bennett; for M. of A.,
James Probe rt; M. of W., 8. Cohen; K. of R.
and 9., 8. Ferris; M. of F., E. J. Murphy; M. of
E., J. .Ferguson; I. G., J. Emery; o. G., C. M.
Lambert; organist, J. N. Bonhara; surgeon.
Dr. Fearn.
Sixty Years Married.
The anniversary of their sixtieth year
of married life was celebrated at Lancas
ter on Sunday by Christian Hookey and
wife, aged eighty-four and seventy-eight
years respectively. A family reunion, at
which were present sixty relatives, in
cluding the six surviving of ten children
and eighteen grandchildren and eight
great-grandchildren, was held. Mr. Hookey
is a native of Berne, Switzerland. His
wife was born and raised in Lancaster
and belongs to one of the city's old
families,— rinladelphia Ledger.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, JUNE 8, 1896.
LATEST MAP OF
THE PLANET MARS
Joint Work of Flammarion,
Pictet and Dr. Close of
Oakland.
COMPLETE CONTINENTS.
Still Unable to Solve the Ques
tion Regarding Its Habi
tation.
CHANGING OF THE CANALS.
Textbook Facts Regarding Heat Are
Disproved by Actual Obser
vation.
Oakland Office Bah8 ah Francisco Call,)
908 Broadway, June 7. J
In conjunction with Flammarion and
Pictet, the greatest astronomers of the
Map of the Planet Mars, Compiled by Flamraarlon, Pictct & Close as tho Result of Three Years of Observation. The
Straight Lines Are the Canals-
day, Dr. F. M. Close of this city has just
completed a map and essay of the planet
Mars that cannot help but attract great
attention throughout the astronomical
world.
During his racent trip to Europe Dr.
Close made a series of observations in con
junction with Flammarion and Pictet and
between them what they claim is an ac
curate map of the planet Mars has been
made. The following article is the result
of their united efforts, now made public
for the first time:
During the past few years very many people
have had much to say on the subject of Mars.
That it was inhabited has been warmly as
serted by numerous writers to the newspapers
and there was considerable talk of trying to
engage the attention of our Marsian neighbors
by means of systematic light signals. But as
no one of these philosophers could satisfy the
rest of his confreres as to the proper code to
be employed, whether Morse or otherwise, the
matter of signaling did not materialize. Yet
the fact was evident that it is the belief of
very many thoughtful, cool-minded people that
Mars is inhabited.
There is at present but one w»y known to
us by which we may attempt the solution of
the problem, and that is by actual observation
of the planet, through the giant eyes which
optical science gives us. To do this in the ex
pectancy of attaining the most satisfactory re
sults we must perform the task under the best
conditions. Clearly, then, one factor of the
conditions is nearness.
In the autumn of 1892 Mars was in opposi
tion, that is, the planet was in that portion of
its orbit where the earth occupied a place be
tween Mars and the sun, so that the fece of
Mars was illuminated in such a way as to make
it well lighted. Moreover, at that time Mars,
owing to the eccentricity of his orbit, was but
35,000,000 of miles from the earth, his nearest
approach to us. The conditions were there
fore of the best, and for the two years follow
ing the closest study wns given by skilled ob
servers to the phenomena presented by Mars.
All observers do not agree regarding certain
phenomena. Pome claim to have seen defined
markings upon the face of the planet, which
are denied by others. Some savants have de
nied the possibility of moisture upon Mars,
others emphatically assert the presence ot
water in the shape of vast seas and oceans. It
is impossible with the aid of the most powerful
telescope to distinguish the handiwork of
man at a distance of thirty-five millions of
miles, unless the work is of such colossal char
acter as is unknown to terrestrial labor. It is,
though, easy to see that the face of the planet
is marked in such a manner as to suggest that
the markings are alternations of laud End
water, resembling In many respects our own
globe. The laree preponderance of competent
testimony is that Mars has an atmosphere,
that its surface is covered with what is very
liite land and water, and that its poles are cov
ered with ice in the winter seasons. To such
an extent the planet Mars resembles tho earth.
Physical astronomy furnishes the following
data about Mars: Diameter of Mars, 4800
miles; distance from the sun, greatest (aphe
lion), 152,000,000 miles; distance from the
sun, least (perihelion), 126,000,000 miles; in
clination of axis to plane of the ecliptic,
28.51; length of Marsian year, 687 days;
length of Marsian day, 24 hours 37 minutes
23 seconds.
The orbit of Mars Is not a true circle, but is
quite elliptical, so that it occurs that the planet
is very much nearer to us at certain passing
times than at others. Mars haß two small
moons, one ofjwhich completes its revolution
around the planet in 7 hours and 39 minutes
and the other in 30 hours and 18 mihutes. The
first-named moon, Phobos, appears to the Mar
sians to rise in the west and set in the east
The other, Diemos, rises in tho east and sets in
the west.
But it is with the very peculiar appearance
the planet presents when viewed through a
large telescope that chiefly concerns us at this
time. The strange lines that show on the sur
face of the wonderful star form the great mys
tery. As far back as 1730 Huyghens, a noted
astronomer, observed these ■ inexplicable
markings, but at that tivne the art of telescope
making had not reached its present marvelous
perfection, and with the imperfect instrument
at his command the savant wes unable to sat
isfactorily deiine the curious lines.
In 1877 Schiapparelli, an Italian astronomer,
announced as the result of his observations
that the surface of Mars was furrowed by what
he termed "canals," and from that date until
now very careful walch has been Kept by com
petent observers of the mysterious markings.
The whole extent of tha Marsian continents
is crossed by numerous dark lines, the appear
ance of which is very variable. They traverse
the face of the planet in long, regular lines,
different from wuat would be the appearance
of our water-courses. They are not siuuous.
They are of different lengths, some of the
shortest being about 300 miles in length;
others measure several thousands, occupying
fully a third oi tho planet's circumference.
Some of them are very easily seen, others are
difficult to observe, renernbimg the most deli
cate spider's filament stretched across the disc
of the planet. The width of these lines Is not
uniform, as in 'some instances they appear to
be iully 180 miles wide and in others not more
than 20 miles.
The fact is established that these enigmati
cal lines are on the planet, and are not an
optical illusion. The large one proceeding
from Lake Nilicaus has been seen in the place
it occupies for more than 100 years. The
lengths and disposition of these lines are con
stant. Each one of them always commences
and finishes in a lake, or sea, or other line.
None of them has ever been seen to end in the
middle of the land. It is this important fact
which has led to tho supposition that they
were "canals." Their aspect and their degree
of visibility changes much from one season to
another, and often from week to week. Theso
changes do not occur simultaneously, and,
according to the same law for all; seemingly,
they take place, as it were, by caprice, or under
laws which, up to the present time, we do not
understand.
During the autumn of 1892 and until the
summer of ".594, the writer was a close ob
server of Mars, using a good six-inch objec
tive. It was frequently noticed that the lines,
or "canals," would become dim, and some
times vanish, in places, while other portions
would increase to marked distinctness. It is
possible that such changes in the distinctness
were due to the presence of vapor, although it
was not possible to recognize any cloud forma
tion at the time.
The color of the Marsian seas is of a dark,
somber tint, and this color continues into the
canals, increasing in intensity until it reaches
a dead black which is not the result of shadow.
These lines cross the face of the planet in all
directions, at all possible angles; they are quite
regular, varying but little in width along their
course and with very little sinuosity.
What, are these lines? From the observed
fact that they always terminate in some large
body of supposed water, and that their mouth
is broadened, it is but reaKonable to suppose
that they are actual canals, a part of the
hrdrographic system of the planet. It is not
necessary to attribute them to human labor.
They may be well accounted for as natural
water-courses, origiaally small rifts in the
planet's crust that have been accentuated by
time. The regularity of their courses may be
due to some process of crystalization with
which we are unacquainted. It is far more
likely that they owe their geometrical appear
ance and existence to the evolution of the
planet than to the work of intelligent beings.
They are, in fact, very much like the English
Channel or the Strait of Mozambique.
Careful observation shows that the system
of Marsian canals is not constant. At times
they are ill denned and showing
that the water in them is very low or has en
tirely disappeared and there remains nothing
in the place of a canal. This is seen by the
gradual paling of the color of the canal, which
changes day by day from a black to a yellow
ish hue, differing scarcely any from the color
of the surrounding earth. Sometimes they
have a nebulous appearance, owing probably
to the formation of vapor by rapid evapora
tion.
The most remarkable phenomenon con
nected with the Marsian canals is their doub
ling or germination. A given canal changes
in appearance and is transformed throughout
its whole length into two lines parallel to each
other that look like the two rails of a railroad,
the new line following the original one with
geometric precision at a uniform distancefrom
eighteen to 120 miles apart.' This duplication
is not confined to canals; it is observed in the
lakes, which frequently appear to be doubled.
From the fact that this doubling occurs in
the months which precede and tollow the
great inundation caused by the melting of the
polar ice about the time of the equinoxes it has
been thought that the presence of watery va
por, charged, perhaps, by some other unknown
vapor, has produced a bi-moiecular medium,
through which the doubled portions are vis
ible, causing double refraction, as is the case
when we look through a piece of Iceland spar.
The thawing of the polar snows and ice was
fully observed during the late opposition of
Mars. The area of the ice cap diminished
from a mean diameter of 2500 miles to 190
miles.
The geography of Mars is pretty well estab
lished. The southern Ice cap is not centered
upon the pole, and the freezing area is at
some distance from the true pole. The south
pole is free trom ice in the summer. The
northern ice cap is centered exactly on the
pole. All of Mars' conditions for inhabitabil
itr are fairly well determined. At the melting
of the snows accumulated during the winter
season the liquid mass spreads out over the
frozen region and converts an immense trtict
of land into a temporary sea, covering all the
lower regions. Many observers, iucluding
Proctor, have mapped Mars with seas and
lands, as the planet appeared at the time of
their observation, when tbe fact was that at
one season a region is land and at another
season water. The effect of the long summers
and winters on Mars produces a higher mean
temperature during the summer season than
is normal to the earth.
The polar snows of Mars proves without
doubt that the planet, the earth, issurrounded
by an atmosphere capnble of transporting
aqueous vapor from one region to another.
The presence of an atmosphere on Mars,
charged with aqueous vapor, has been con
firmed by spectroscopic observations, espe
cially by Vogel, who says: "The atmosphere
of Marß, differing very little from ours, is very
rich in aqueous vapor." This fact is of no lit
tle importance, and we can therefore assert
with the greatest probability, that it is to
water, and not to any other liquid, that we
must attribute the seas and polar snows and
ice of Mars. The melting of ice on M»rs leads
to the conclusion that in spite of its distance
from the sun, Mars has a temperature analog
ous to that of the earth. The demonstrated
fact that ice does melt on Mars is pregnant
with the protest against some of the accepted
theories of heat as derived from the sun.
Our text-books of physical science state that
"the intensity of the sun's light and heat oa
Mars is but three-sevenths of that upon the
earth." This would place the meap tempera
ture of Mars at about GO degrees Fahrenheit De
low zero. If tho text-books state correctly it
«ould not be possible for aqueous vapor to
play such a determining part as it does In the
atmosphere of Mars nor lor water to operate
such great physical conditions there.
But are the text-books right? What is heat?
We SDeak of it as a mode of motiou. Does it
come from the sun as heat de facto; or rather
does not the sun emanate a force which, con
tacting with matter here on our globe, or on
the other spheres of the solar system,
produce heat? Such theory fully accounts for
the observed conditions on Mars, and none
other will.
The meteorological conditions on Mars are
closely analogous to those on the earth. The
difference in the distribution of continents
and seas on Mars leads to slight differences in
meteorological effects. It rarely rains, if at
all, on Mars. Clouds and fogs form, but not
dense enough to obscure the face of the planet
or to completely interfere with observation.
The general color of the seas is a grayish
brown.
No acceptable solution has yet been pre
souted to account for the red coppery color of
Mars. It may be due to the color of vegeta
tion. We are here accustomed to associate
green with vegetable growth, but because
such is the rule on our globe it does not follow
that it is imperative throughout the universe.
Chlorophyll, the color matter in plants, is
sometimes red as well as green.
As to whether or not Mars is inhabited, the
question cannot now be positively answered.
Nothing that would be recognized as the handi
work of intelligent beings has vet been ob
served on Mars. This, however, is but nega
tive testimony. Even with our most powerful
telescopes it would be extremely difficult to
see an object on the surface of Mar." of a lesser
diameter than twenty miles. Perhaps the- fu
ture may determine the question. There is
good reason to suppose that it is inhabited.
No thoughtful miua can contemplate the vast
universe and arrive at the conclusion that its
stupendous enemy is being expended solely to
afford gratification to the careless vision of a
single race located on this puny ball. Many
of the fixed stars are so far away that the ray
ot light that left them before the birth of Adam
has not yet reached this earth. There is no
reason to suppose that our earth is the only
sphere fitted to the development and main
tenance of intelligent beings. The telescope
and the spectroscope tell us emphatically that
Mars is so fitted. The selfish, narrow mind
may arrive at tbe conclusion that this earth is
all; but philosophy, speaking for science, says
•There are but few uninhabited stars."
BLIND PUPILS
WILL GRADUATE.
Six Will Finish Their
Work Next Tuesday
Afternoon.
DR. JORDAN TO SPEAK.
His Address to the Class Will
Be Translated by the
Principal.
SOME NEW LINES OF WORK.
Practical Methods of Teaching Intro
duced Recently Into the Ele
mentary Courses.
BERKELEY, Cal., Jnne 7.— The grad
uating ezercises at the State Institute for
the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind will be
held in the auditorium of tbe school Tues-
day afternoon at 2 o'clock. A class of six
will be graduated this year, but in the
closing exercises more than twenty will
participate.
A feature of the performances by the
mutes will be a reproduction on the plat
form of their daily work in the classroom.
"It will be practically a case of transfer
ring both students and apparatus from the
recitation-room to the auditorium," said
Principal Wilkinson this afternoon. "We
will have three or four classes represented
beside the graduates, and by means of
blackboards and slates they will show to
the audience just what they are accom
plishing from day to day.
"First will be four pupils from the class
which has been with us for nine months;
then those who have studied here for
three years, and following these will be
the still more advanced ones.
"During the past year we have intro
duced a new system of instructing in some
of the departments. Instead of having
the elementary pupils to learn merely the
English language as it is ordinarily
spoken, and nothing more, we have been
teaching them, together with their gram
mar and sentence-structure, the use and
meaning of scientific terms and princi
ples. This nas been found to be very
beneficial."
Rev. Dr. McLean of Oakland will de
liver the opening prayer, after which the
exercises of the day will take place.
After the rendition of the programme
President Jordan of Stanford University
will deliver an address to the graduates.
His remarks will be translated in sign
language to the pupi's by Principal Wil
kinson. The Lord's prayer will also be
translated by Miss Isabella Hennesey.
Following will be the graduates:
William A. Cotter, Isadore Davis, Gustav
Isert, Carrie! Crawford, Mabel Gande, Isabel
Hennesey; honorable dismissal, Leo Richville.
"I have been requested to announce,"
said Principal Wilkinson, "that in conse
quence of the limited seating capacity of
the assembly hall, children cannot be ad
mitted to the closing exercises on Tuesday
afternoon. We will have a performance
at some time later, to which the children
will all be invited."
Two Romantic Engagements.
BERKELEY, Cal., June 7.— The en
gagement of two of Berkeley's fairest and
most highly esteemed society young ladies
was made publicly known to-day. Miss
Agnes Dornin, only daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Oscar G. Dornin of Dwight way, will
wed Louis McKisick, son of Judge Mc-
Kisick, on next Thursday, and Miss
Eliza Blake, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E.
S. BJak~e. will marry Sherman Fletcher of
Ojai Valley on the 24th inst.
The wedding oi Miss Dornin and Mr.
McKisick next Thursday will bo held at
the residence of the bride's parents. It
will be private, only a few of the most
intimate friends having been invited. The
couple will make their home in Sacra
mento, where the prospective groom is en
gaged in business.
Miss Blake, whose nuptials are to be
celebrated on June 24, will be married at
the home of her parents. Elaborate
preparations are being made for the affair.
Miss Blake has long been one of Berke
ley's fairest belles and the announcement
of her betrothal has come as a great sur
prise to her host of friends.
Tne groom is principal of the Casa Pie
tra Boys' Training School in the Ojai Val
ley, Santa Barbara County, where the
couple will make their home.
Used Individual Caps.
BERKELEY, Cal., June 7.— lndividual
communion cups were used for the first
time by the members of the First Presby
terian Church of Berkeley this morning.
Five chalices, each containing sixty cups,
have been purchased by the church, and
their use this morning was found to be
very satisfactory.
Ten new members were received into
church at the morning service.
A PARTING SALUTATION.
R«t. Dr. Hemphill Introduced Hts Tern-
porary Successor.
The Rev. John Hemphill has postponed
his contemplated trip to Europe. He
will, However, take a month's vacation.
At Calvary Presbyterian Church last even
ing he preached to his congregation a
parting salutation, taking his text from
Paul's epistle to the Corinthians: "Be
perfect; be of good comfort." He said:
We are uniting together for the last time
before we separate foe a while. Some will go
. . , '■ ' . '-■.., •' " . ■' . . ' '■
Auction Sales
PAVILION AUCTION HOUSE.
319-321 Slitter St., Above Grant Aye.
AT SALESKOOM THIS DAT,
MONDAY, at 10:30 A. m., I will sell a Large Va-
riety of Parlor, Dining-room, Bedroom and Kitchen
Furniture.
P. BASCH, Auctioneer.
to the country; some. must stay at home; and
some, it may be, will be called to the eternal
borne. Seeing that we may not all meet again
what more fitting salutation can I give you
in this parting hour than that of Paul: "Be
perfect: be of good comfort." A strange com
bination of commands. The one condemns
us; the other quiets us. Can we harmonize
them in our lives? They are joined together in
our text, and what God hath joined together
let not man put asunder. Any uninspired
man would have put comfort before perfection,
but Paul puts perfection first, and Paul is
right. Both arc destroyed if the order be re
versed. Comfort is all that a good many
Christians care for.
We had to recast our notions of religion.
The one word that rings thruuirh the B:ble is
righteousness. Christ's shame and sorrow ought
to shame us forever out of all thought of a
comfortable religion. The only thing that can
warrant such sorrow as Christ's is our perfec
tion. Put that word first and find it an ideal,
and if yoo aim at anything less you are work
ing at cross-purposes with Christ.
But what is perfection? Sinlesness? That Is
negative and does not bring out the force of
the mighty word. Completeness. No mortal
may dare assert this of himself. There was
but one perfect man and he more than man,
infinitely more. Periection of the Pauline
sort means whole-hearted consecration. If you
look for perfection of the sinless sort in your
life you will find very little comfort ; but if you
look for Pauline perfection, whole-hearted
consecration, you have a right to "be of pood
comfort." It is quite possible, then, to har
monize Paul's combination of commands in
our lives. "Be perfect; be of good comfort."
This is a text to take with us wherever we go.
Jt was Paul's parting salutation to the church
at Corinth, but Corinth is only;a name. Any
other will do as well.
To us it means, California and San Francisco,
"Be perfect." Give yourself in whole-hearted
consecration to God wherever you are, and
thus shall you be of good comfort. If you go
away do not leave your religion behind you.
Take it with you, faithful soul, be faithful al
ways. If you go through "Vanity Fair" change
not your pilgrim garb nor your heavenly
speech. Still wear the upward look that
searches for the city boyond the stare.
Before I go, let me commend to you Dr.
Birch, who shall occupy the pulpit while I am
gone. I commend him to you most heartily.
He comes with the highest credentials. If you
encourage him ten-fold more than you have
encouraged "me I shall not be the least jealous.
If 1 find the church in ten-fold better condi
tion than I leave it I shall thank God and tate
courage. Finally, brethren, farewell, "Be
perfect; be of good comfort."
DR. YORK ON HARD TIMES
He Declares That "the Honest
Dollar" Makes the Poor
Man Poorer.
" The Call's ■ Position on the Silver
Question Is Commended by the
Lecturer and Applauded.
Dr. J. L. York, who will soon start on a
lecturing tour through the north, delivered
his linal lecture of the season in Scottish-
American Hall last night. The subject
was "Political Salvation."
Previous to the lecture the audience
adopted a series of resolutions compli
mentary to the lecturer, thanking him for
his work in behalf of liberalism and wish
ing him success on his journey and a
speedy return.
The lecturer said that whatever is
wrong in the country is not due to the
constitution, but to a lack of understand
ing what that constitution means. He
said that continual agitation as to hard
times does not amount to anything unless
the agitators provide a remedy, and sug
gested that the remedy for tho evil be
tween capital and labor is justice based on
equal rights. Such justice, he said, would
produce right here that happiness which
is promised in the sweet by and by in the
land beyond.
"That degree of happiness,' he said,
"will be attained when others do unto you
what you would like to do unto others.
The political parties each have certain
principles, but as none are perfect we
should vote for the candidates of the party
that is nearest in accord with our prin
ciples, which are: 'Do no wrong and sub
mit to no wrong.' We must not look to a
power beyond to help us; we must help
ourselves.' 1
The speaker then gave his idea of gov
ernment, explaining that the reason we
have such is that many of the people
are too ignorant to govern themselves.
People must be educated to govern
themselves, for governments are terrible
things and they are very expensive. A
proper administration of affairs will bring
about good result^ but it is not by money
that reforms can be brought about, it is by
the earnest desire of the people to be
properly governed. The belief is that
with, an increase of population by millions
there would be a decrease of taxation, but
the contrary has been the result; our taxes
are growing heavier and heavier and the
reason is that people cannot govern them
selves.
The- top and bottom of society must
come together in order that there may be
an elevation of the common man and give
him an opportunity to elevate himself and
rise In intelligence, for brains and intelli
gence, not force, must rule. The injus
tice of taxation is manifest and no better
example is needed than what is being de
veloped in our conrts.
"Democracy as advocated by Jefferson
was protection to thn people, but Democ
racy of to-day has been twisted all out
of that purpose, and it is only a
small minority that rules the people. In
fact the Supreme Court is the Govern
ment. If the lower house of Congress
does something for the good of the people
the Senate may nullify it. If the Senate
concurs the President can nullify it, and
afterward the Supreme Court can nulliiy
anything that the President may do for
the people."
The land policy and the monetary sys
tem he declared to be the dangerous rocks
on which the Republic is striking and tnat
these two questions will be the leading
ones in the Presidential campaign. He
said "the demand of the people, all in
telligent people, will be for free silver, and
if any broker or banker opposes free silver,
hang him."
"The cry that the gold dollar is an honest
dollar is the wickedest lie ever uttered by
human lips, because the maintaining of a
gold standard depresses the price of labor
and brings the laborer to the verge of
starvation.'"
He spoke of the evils of landlordism and
advocated the ideas advanced by Henry
George on lands and on single tax, and
added that it was the fear of poverty that
caused people to set aside their morals and
strive by all means to acquire wealth.
He then ?aid that iheruinof the country
is the gold bugs of Democracy aqd the
gold bugs of Republicanism, and de
nounced the demonetization of silver as
one of the greatest crimes ever committed
against the common people. He said that
what the country wants is a double
etandard with silver at 16 to 1.
The lecturertben said: "The San Fran
cisco Call is to be commended for its able
stand on the silver question. It speaks for
all. If McKinley had the same ideas ou
the silver question that The Call has he
could be the protector of the people of tho
United States. The Call's articles on the
methods of Carlisle in keeping up the par
ity of the metals are worthy of careful
study and consideration."
In conclusion he said: "The murder of
two girls in a church has been called 'The
crime of a century,' but the crime of the
century waa making a king of gold and a
AUCTIOiSALE!
is* fe fe fe
MONDAY, JUNE 8, 11 A. M.
Sunset Horse Market, 220 Valencia st,,'
• '. Wit WILL BELL
Sixty' head of broke and unbroken Horses: 1
Matched • Driving Team: 1 Black Standard-bred
Koad Horse; 1 Black Business Horse: 1 fast Pacer,
Solano Boy, with line Koad Bnsgy and Harness ;
3 Canopy-Top surreys; 1 Extehsloa-Top llock-
aways: b actons: 7 Spring Wagons; 6 Carts; 8
Open and Top Bu-'j<ies; 30 sets Double and Single
Harness; Saddles, etc.
. (SULLIVAN 4 DOYI.E, Auctioneers.
slave of ailver. Let Americans rise and de
clare their second independence by rertor
ing silver to tbe place it occupied and free
ing themselves from Wall street and Eng
land; and to do this the people must
vote fora man who is in syruDathy with
the common people and not with the gold
bugs and monopolists."
The lecturer's commendation of The
Call's position on the silver question was
loudly applauded by the audience.
MRS. HENRY WARD BEEOHER
Quiet Home Lire of the Widow of the
Celebrated Preacher.
Within a stone's throw from Plymouth
Church, Brooklyn, at the corner of Hicks
and Orange streets, ia the modest resi
dence of Mrs. Beecber, the widow of Henry
Ward Beecher.
This venerable woman, 83 years of age,
is generally at home in the morning busily
writing for some publication. The parlor
where she does, her literary work is a
cheerful and pretty room, with pictures,
birds and flowers. There are numerous
photographs of her dead husband, repre
senting him from his early youth to a
period shortly before his death. There is
also a statuette of him by Rogers, which is
very lifelike.
Curiously enough, over the grate under
the mantel-shelf, the old family door
plate, with "H. W. Beecher" engraved on
it, is fastened. Mrs. Beecher prefers to
live independently, although all her chil
dren have urged her to reside with them.
Twice within a few years she has made the
long journey to Puget Sound to visit one
of her sons, and has not found tne journey
tiresome.
Looking through the lace-curtained win
dow toward Plymouth Church, she said:
"Dr. and Mrs. Abbott and tneir assistants
are very good to me, and so is the congre
gation generally. The pastor and his wife
visit me frequently and are like children
in their affection."
Mrs. Beecher is still superintendent of
the church sewing society, and has defer
ence shown to her in social matters. When
I asked if she admired the bronze statue of
Mr. Beecher, which stands in front of the
City Hall, she expressed a certain distaste
for its arrangement of drapery and posi
tion. It was intended as a pleasant sur
prise for her,- but had not proved one.
When asked if she believed that we
would recognize our loved ones after
death, she replied, "Most certainly," and
repeated a verse she had found written on
a bundle wrapper of brown paper without
giving the author's name. It was as fol
lows: ;. .
When the spring winds blow o'er pleasant places,
- .. . The violet is here; ■ -
It all comes back, the garden and the color,
ana here ,
No blank is left— no looking for is cheated;
It is a thing we know. ■
80 after death's winter it most be
(;o i will not send strange things we hardly know;
The old love will look oat from old faces—
dearest, I shall have thee.
\". It is very sweet and pathetic to hear this
lady tell her little story of being a young
schoolteacher in her native New England
village when Mr. Beecher, at the age of 17,
was also teaching in the neighboring vil
lage. - They boarded .in the same house.
Propinquity made them lovors, and they
were married when very young.
"Oh, how happy we were in those days, '
she added, . "and. we worked so hard;
he preaching, teaching, and I taking
boarders,- besides my family cares." »
Mr. Beecher was a most indulgent father
and husband, but the wife transacted
business matters and acted as his. secre
tary through their, fifty years of married
life.
With their abundant means, through his
large salary and income as a lecturer, she
had no thought of becoming at all strait
ened in financial matters, but certain in
vestments have proved disastrous, so that
she felt obliged to remove from her com
fortable home. A wealthy and' generous
member of Plymouth Church has pur
chased this residence and given her the
use of it for life.
Mrs. Beecher is wonderfully well pre
served, talks exceedingly well and is gen
erally intelligent and well informed. Sne
comes from an old New England family
named Bullard, from which there have
been two or three distinguished clergy
men. ;
Her tastes are very simple, and she has
an aversion to the new woman- and the
fashionable woman, contending that the
true sphere of woman is the directing of
her household matters and the cherishing
of her home, her husband and her
children.
"I have no active interest in political
questions," sne said. "I don't beli9ve in
women meddling, in politics at all, and it
makes no difference what I think. lam
remembered as , the wife of Henry Ward
Beecher. Many persons come here to see
me. Hardly a day passes without bring
ing some visitor, some incident that re
minds me of my irreparable loss."— New
York Herald. "
• — ♦— •
The theaters of London regularly em
ploy of 12,000 people.
ICftfit
jßcijorj
\ V . ,1 '
* iff" T . .. - 1 1 A
A smart Broadway, New
/ A York, druggist has
this sign hanging outside
his store; it marks the
new era of drug selling.
Is it any wonder that he
has i to enlarge his quar-
ters, that his clerks are
busy, and that his store is
one of the most popular
along the leading thor-
oughfare?
You can afford to trade
with a druggist that has
such a motto as that
a Dr. Gibbon's Dispensary,
I62SKEAEXVKT. ' Established
■ in lS34fortlictreatinentof Private
W Diseases, Lost Manhood. Debility or
A disease wearing on bodyandmtndand
■ Skin Diseases. The doctor cures when
Mothers fall. I Try him. - Charges low.
■ guaranteed. Callorwrita.
Or. J. Jt". BBQMt Box i»57, San Francisco. '
11

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